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Clinoclase

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Formula:
Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Blue, greenish-blue, ...
Lustre:
Vitreous, Pearly
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Name:
Named in 1830 by August Breithaupt from the Greek κλίυειυ = "to incline" and κλαυ = "to break," in allusion to its oblique basal cleavage.
This page provides mineralogical data about Clinoclase.

Classification of Clinoclase

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
8.BE.20

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 > 2:1
41.3.1.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
3 : (AB)3(XO4)Zq
20.1.3

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
1 : Arsenates of Cu
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-1055.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Clinoclase

Year of Discovery:
1830
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Physical Properties of Clinoclase

Vitreous, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Lustre pearly on cleavage surfaces.
Colour:
Blue, greenish-blue, dark green-black; blue-green in transmitted light.
Streak:
Bluish green
Hardness (Mohs):
2½ - 3
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {001}, perfect.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
4.38 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.42 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Clinoclase

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 12.4Å, b = 6.47Å, c = 7.27Å
β = 99.58°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.917 : 1 : 1.124
Unit Cell Volume:
V 575.12 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals elongated [010] and tabular {001}; also rhombohedral in aspect, or elongated [001] with {100} prominent; grouped into rosettes, as crusts and coatings. Densely aggregated with a fibrous structure at times.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Clinoclase

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.730 nβ = 1.870 nγ = 1.910
2V:
Measured: 30° , Calculated: 52°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.180
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r < v, relatively strong
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = Pale blue-green
Y = b = Light blue green
Z = near a = Benzol green

Chemical Properties of Clinoclase

Formula:
Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Clinoclase to other Species

8.BE.05AugeliteAl2(PO4)(OH)3
8.BE.10GrattarolaiteFe33+(PO4)O3
8.BE.15CornetiteCu3(PO4)(OH)3
8.BE.25ArhbariteCu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3
8.BE.25GilmariteCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
8.BE.30AllactiteMn72+(AsO4)2(OH)8
8.BE.30FlinkiteMn22+Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)4
8.BE.30RaadeiteMg7(PO4)2(OH)8
8.BE.30ArganditeMn7(VO4)2(OH)8
8.BE.35Chlorophoenicite(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
8.BE.35Magnesiochlorophoenicite(Mg,Mn)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
8.BE.40Gerdtremmelite(Zn,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(AsO4)(OH)5
8.BE.45DixeniteCuMn142+Fe2+(SiO4)2(As5+O4)(As3+O3)5(OH)6
8.BE.45Hematolite(Mn,Mg,Al,Fe3+)15(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23
8.BE.45KraissliteZn3(Mn,Mg)25(Fe3+,Al)(As3+O3)2[(Si,As5+)O4]10(OH)16
8.BE.45McgoverniteMn19Zn3(AsO4)3(AsO3)(SiO4)3(OH)21
8.BE.45Arakiite(Zn,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg)12(Fe3+,Al)2(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)23
8.BE.45Turtmannite(Mn,Mg)22.5Mg3-3x((V5+,As5+)O4)3(As3+O3)x(SiO4)3O5-5x(OH)20+x
8.BE.45CarlfrancisiteMn32+(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+,Al)42[As3+O3]2(As5+O4)4[(Si,As5+)O4]6[(As5+,Si)O4]2(OH)42
8.BE.50SynadelphiteMn92+(As5+O4)2(As3+O3)(OH)9 · 2H2O
8.BE.55Holdenite(Mn2+,Mg)6Zn3(AsO4)2(SiO4)(OH)8
8.BE.60KoliciteMn72+Zn4(AsO4)2(SiO4)2(OH)8
8.BE.65Sabelliite(Cu,Zn)2Zn(AsO4,SbO4)(OH)3
8.BE.70JarosewichiteMn32+Mn3+(AsO4)(OH)6
8.BE.75TheisiteCu5Zn5(AsO4,SbO4)2(OH)14
8.BE.80CoparsiteCu4(AsO4,VO4)O2Cl
8.BE.85WaterhouseiteMn72+(PO4)2(OH)8
20.1.1LammeriteCu3(AsO4)2
20.1.2OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
20.1.4CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
20.1.5CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
20.1.6Chlorotile (of Frenzel)
20.1.7GeminiteCu(HAsO4) · H2O
20.1.8EuchroiteCu2(AsO4)(OH) · 3H2O
20.1.9StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
20.1.10ArhbariteCu2Mg(AsO4)(OH)3
20.1.11LindackeriteCuCu4(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 8-9H2O
20.1.12ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
20.1.13LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
20.1.14CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
20.1.15ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
20.1.16ArthuriteCuFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O

Other Names for Clinoclase

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Clinoclase

Reference List:
Bournon (1801) Phil. Trans.: 91: 181 (as Arseniate of copper, 4th species).

Karsten (1801) Ges. nat. Freunde Berlin, N. Schr.: 3: 288 (as Strahliges Olivenerz).

Karsten, D.L.G. (1808) Mineralogische Tabellen, Berlin. second edition: 64, 97 (as Strahlenerz).

Hausmann, J.F.L. (1813) Handbuch der Mineralogie 3 volumes, Göttingen: 1050 (as Strahlenkupfer).

Haüy, R.J. (1822) Traité de minéralogie. First edition: in 4 volumes with atlas in fol.; also (1801), Paris; second edition, 4 volumes, with fol. Atlas: 3: 504 (as Cuivre arseniaté).

Breithaupt, A. (1830) Ubersicht des Mineral-System’s. 8vo, Freiberg (as Klinoklas).

Glocker, E.F. (1831) Handbuch der Mineralogie, Nürnberg: 840 (as Siderochalcit).

Beudant, F.S. (1832), Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 602 (as Aphanèse).

Shepard, C.U. (1835) Treatise on Mineralogy. First edition: vol. 2: 35 (as Aphanesite).

Bernhardi in: Glocker, E.F. (1839) Handbuch der Mineralogie, 2nd. edition, Nürnberg: 579 (as Abichit).

Damour (1845) Annales de chimie et de physique, Paris: 13: 412.

Dana, J.D. (1868) System of Mineralogy, 5th. Edition, New York: 570 (as Clinoclasite).

Des Cloizeaux, A. (1874) Manuel de minéralogie. 2 volumes and Atlas, Paris. volume 2, 1 Fasc., 208pp.: 417.

Hillebrand and Washington (1888) American Journal of Science: 35: 305.

Hintze, Carl (1889) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [4B]: 1106.

Gianella (1946) American Mineralogist: 31: 259.

Palache, C. and Berry (1946) American Mineralogist: 31: 243.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 787-789.

Acta Crystallographica: C46: 2291-2294.

Acta Crystallographica: 18: 777-787.

Stefan Lebernegg, Alexander A. Tsirlin, Oleg Janson, Helge Rosner (2013): Two energy scales of spin dimers in clinoclase Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3. Phys. Rev. B 87, 235117. [http://arxiv.org/abs/1304.0964v1]

Internet Links for Clinoclase

Specimens:
The following Clinoclase specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Clinoclase

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • San Juan
    • Calingasta Department
      • Calingasta
American Mineralogist (1982) 67:833-840
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
No reference listed
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
      • Cloncurry District
        • Cloncurry
Crane, M.J., Sharpe, J.L., and Williams, P.A. (2001): Records of the Australian Museum 53, 49-56.
      • Selwyn District
[UKJMM 19:24]
  • South Australia
    • Olary Province
      • Boolcoomatta Reserve (Boolcoomata Station; Boolcoomatta)
Bayliss, P., Lawrence, L. J., Watson, D. (1966): Rare copper arsenates from Dome Rock, South Australia. Australian Journal of Science 29, 145-146.
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
[MinRec 24:203]
Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Min.Record 24,203-218(1993)
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • Gratlspitz
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Stavelot Massif
Hatert, F., Blondieau, M., Puccio, S., Baijot, M. et Gustine, C. (2014) - Le gisement de manganèse de la vallée de la Lienne, Belgique. Le Règne Minéral, 117, pp. 5-28, editions du Piat.
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
    • Svoge Obshtina
      • Bov
Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001): Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. - Compt. rend. Acad. bulg. Sci., 54, 6, 39-42.
  • Vratsa Oblast (Vratza)
    • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Santa Catalina
        • Guanaco (Huanaco)
X-ray diffraction probed [Uwe Kolitsch]
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
Samples in the I. Domeyko Museum, of La Serena School of Mines
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral Province
      • Diego de Almagro
        • Potrerillos
U. Kolitsch collection
    • Copiapó Province
In the collection of Brent Thorne. Collected by Terry Szenics.
  • Coquimbo Region
    • Choapa Province
      • Combarbalá
        • Cogotí
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.; http://www.lrz-muenchen.de/~mineralogische-sammlungen-dmg/analysen/philipsburgit.htm
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Baise Prefecture
      • Debao Co.
Lairen Lai and Yi Li (1988): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 8(3), 282-288; Yi Li (2001): Guangxi Geology 14(1), 61-64
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
        • Krásno (Schönfeld)
Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Javorník (Jauernig)
Sejkora, J.: Uranové ložisko Zálesí v Rychlebských horách. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 105-110.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Swambo
Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
France
 
  • Alsace
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Fecht valley (Munster valley)
        • Munster
J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
      • Rouffach
        • Osenbach
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
      • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
      • Thur Valley (Thann Valley)
        • Fellering
J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Aude
      • Carcassonne
        • Mas-Cabardès
          • Salsigne
Le Règne Minéral, Hors série (3), 36-54
Pelison P., Descouens D. (1987), Présence de minéraux de néoformation dans les scories de l'ancienne usine de Villagnère (Aude), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 6-10
      • Padern
Favreau, G., Berbain, C. & Meisser, N. (2003): Cyanophyllite et autres minéraux rares de Padern (Aude). Le Cahiers des Micromonteurs, 82(4), 17-23.
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
[Le Règne Minéral 1997, 13, p.5-18]
  • Lorraine
    • Vosges
      • St Dié
        • Saulcy-sur-Meurthe
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
      • Val-d'Ajol
        • Faymont
          • Les Roches valley - Bois de la Vèche area
Thierry Brunsperger Collection
Lheur C., Moreau F. (1994), Les minéralisations du filon du Bas Hérival près du Val d'Ajol (Vosges), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 3-14
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
[UKJMM 2:11-15 "Cap Gronne Secondary Copper and Lead - W.R. van den Berg"]
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Baiersbronn
        • Schönegründ
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Freudenstadt
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • Schenkenzell
Walenta, K. (1996): Neufunde aus dem Schwarzwald. 6. Folge, 1. Teil. Lapis 21 (7-8), 70-76.
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
        • Reichenbach
          • Hohenstein
Lapis, 12 (10), 23-32+58.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Siegerland
      • Littfeld
        • Silberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Clausnitz - Sayda District
        • Sayda
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Schmiedeberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
Chollet Pascal photo
Hungary
 
  • Fejér Co.
    • Velencei Mts
      • Lovasberény
No reference listed
Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral species of Hungary, 2005
Ireland
 
  • Co. Kerry
    • Beara
      • Tuosist
Moreton, S. & Green, D.I. (2006) UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, No. 27, p41-4.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
[MinRec 32:360]
          • Reppia
Redazione (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia Ferrania Club, 19, 3-5.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Valfurva
Bedognè,F,,Montrasio; A. & Sciesa;E. (2006): I minerali della media-alta Valtellina delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Bettini, Sondrio, Italia, 255.
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Muravera
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Brizzi G., (1993): Sarrabus Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", 208 pp.
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
        • Oridda
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente - Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 1, 238 pp.
Japan
 
  • Chugoku Region
    • Hiroshima Prefecture
      • Inland Sea (Setonaikai)
        • Ikuchi Island
Tokyo University collection
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Mine City
Minato (1954) Mineralogical Journal, 1, 89-96.
Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
    • Kinki region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Kawanishi City
Alfredo Petrov collection
  • Kyushu Region
    • Oita prefecture
Dr. Yohachiro Okamoto collection (conserved by the Geological Survey of Japan)
Mexico
 
  • Michoacan
    • Mun. de La Huacana
      • San Isidro
Jean des Rivieres
Morocco
 
  • Grand Casablanca Region
    • Casablanca Prefecture
      • Cherrat Wadi
Jahn, S., Bode, R., Lyckberg,P., Medenbach, O. & Lierl, H.-J. (2003): Marokko. land der schönen Mineralien und Fossilien. Bode Verlag. 535p. (p.154-157)
  • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
        • Bou Azer District (Bou Azzer District)
          • Khder
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Mineralien-Welt 19 (1), p. 22 (2008); Blaß, G., Kruijen, F. & Seyb, R. (2009): Neues von der Tsumeb Mine. Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 60-65 (in German); Krahn, L. (2010): Neu: Philipsburgit aus der Tsumeb-Mine, Namibia. Lapis 35 (1), 42-43; 62; Zindel, J. (2010): Erstnachweis von Klinoklas für Tsumeb. Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 36-41.
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
  • Castelo Branco District
    • Vila Velha de Rodão
      • Tostão
        • Ingadanais Mines
Martins da Pedra collection
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
      • Ľubietová (Libetbánya; Libethen)
Martin Števko, unpublished-EMPA-WDS and PXRD confirmed
Koděra, M., a kol.: Topografická mineralogie Slovenska. Sv. 2 Ko-Seč, Bratislava, Veda 1990, s. 731-738.
      • Poniky
Števko M., Sejkora J., Bačík P., 2011: Mineralogy and origin of supergene mineralization at the Farbište ore occurrence near Poniky, central Slovakia. Journal of Geosciences, 57, 3, 273-298.
      • Špania Dolina (Herrengrund)
Števko M., Sejkora J. 2012: Supergene arsenates of copper from Špania Dolina-Piesky deposit, Central Slovakia. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Actract Series 7, 130.
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
      • Gelnica (Göllnitz)
Sejkora J., Ďuďa R., Novotná M., 2001: Minerály oxidační zóny žíly Krížová, Gelnica, Slovenské Rudohorie. Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz., 9, 121-139.
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD and EMPA-WDS confirmed
      • Spišská Nová Ves Mining District
        • Novoveská Huta
Řídkošil, T. (1981): Klinoklas z Novoveské Huty na Slovensku. Acta Univ. Carol., Geol., 1, 45-52.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Sekhukhune District
      • Marble Hall
Robert O. Meyer collection; Dr. Hans Börner collection
Min.Rec.:20(5):398.
Malcolm Southwood (2002) Arsenical Ramblings. British Micromount society Newsletter 61:2-9
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Nkangala District
Meulenbeld, P.M.P.B., Grote, W. & Verryn, S. (2014) The Albert silver mine and trippkeite occurrence. Rock & Minerals 89(5), 417-422.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
FAVREAU et al. (2013)
    • Huelva
      • Paterna del Campo
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
  • Aragón
    • Teruel
      • Albarracín
Calvo, M. (2008). Minerales de Aragón. Prames, Zaragoza. 461 pags.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Guadalajara
      • Pardos
J. Gröbner und B. Sainz de Barranda (1999): Die Mineralien der Kupfergrube bei Pardos in der Provinz Guadalajara, Spanien. Mineralien-Welt 10 (4), 26-31. (in German)
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • El Molar
Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat.
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Chóvar
Casanova Honrubia, Juan Miguel & Canseco Caballé, Manuel, 2002, Minerales de la Comunidad Valenciana : 237 p. Ed. Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo. Alicante
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Carharrack
          • West Clifford United Mines
Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Bruce, I, & D. Aubrey-Jones (1998) UKJMM 19:18-23
        • Gwennap
          • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
BMS Collection
Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.; Embrey, P.G., and Symes, R.F. (1987): Minerals of Cornwall and Devon. British Museum of Natural History (London), 154 pp.
Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; American Mineralogist 36:484-503
        • Redruth
Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), pp. 108.
      • St Ives District
        • St Ives
          • Carbis Bay
Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
[Golley & Williams, 1995 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual", 18]
      • St Just District
        • St Just
          • Botallack
            • Botallack Mine
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
    • Devon
      • Tavistock District
        • Tavistock Hamlets
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 789; BMS Collection
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Hayden area
            • Chilito
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 177; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Mineral Creek District (Ray District)
          • Ray Mine area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 177.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Santa Rita Mts
        • Wrightson District
          • Temporal Gulch
            • Anaconda Mine group
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 177, 292, 325; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
        • Agua Fria District
          • Mayer
            • Copper Mountain
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 177, 316.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 188.
  • California
    • Plumas Co.
      • Diamond Mts
        • Last Chance District
          • Adams Peak
Dunning, G.E., Cooper, J.F. (2005) Mineralogy of the Spring Creek area, Last Chance mining district, Plumas County, California. Axis: 1: 1-30.
    • Sierra Co.
      • Antelope Valley
        • Loyalton
Mineralogical Record 24: 381
  • Montana
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
        • John Long Mts
          • Black Pine Ridge
Waisman D. (1992) Minerals of the Black Pine Mine, Granite County, Montana Mineralogical Record, Vol. 23 No. 6, p. 477-483.; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
Rob Lavinsky specimen
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Truckee District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lyon Co.
      • Singatse Range
        • Yerington District
          • Yerington
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 789.; Ameican Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 704-708, 1978
Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
    • Washoe Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Dunn(1995):Pt5:666.
  • New Mexico
    • Catron Co.
Northrop, 3rd rev. ed. (1996) Minerals of New Mexico
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
Dana 6:1092; Dana 7:II:579.
          • Eureka
[MinRecord 29:177]
          • Mammoth
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1092; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 562, 789; Rocks & Minerals: 63: 130.
    • San Juan Co.
      • Big Indian District (Big Indian Wash - Lisbon Valley Area)
R&M 68:6 p372-380
Min News 8:1 p6-7
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
          • Gold Hill
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
Rick Dalrymple Collection
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland West
    • Kadoma District
Vetter, U., Weck, H.-D., Weale, T., Klosa, D., Wittich, C. and Hoffmann, K. (1999): A provisional inventory of the Sanyati oxide-zone minerals, Zimbabwe. Z. Angew. Geol. 45, 15-21.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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