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Clinobisvanite

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Formula:
Bi(VO4)
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
yellow, orange, pale ...
Name:
In allusion to the crystallographic symmetry (monoCLINic) and composition, containing BISmuth and VANadium.
Polymorph of:
The monoclinic polymorph of Pucherite and Dreyerite.

A rare bismuth vanadate, often forming pseudo-tetragonal crystals.

Possibly a chemical (V) analogue of kyawthuite, but space groups are not identical (though similar).

Classification of Clinobisvanite

Approved
8.AD.65

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
D : With only large cations
38.4.7.1

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
4 : AXO4
21.3.11

21 : Vanadates (and vanadates with arsenate or phosphate)
3 : Vanadates of Al, rare earths, Pb, V or Bi
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Type Occurrence of Clinobisvanite

General Appearance of Type Material:
rare crystals, platy to pyramidal crystals, up to 1 mm; globular aggregates and coatings
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Government Chemical Labratories, Western Australia
Geological Setting of Type Material:
accessory in pegmatites as an oxidization product of other Bi minerals

Physical Properties of Clinobisvanite

Sub-Vitreous, Earthy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
yellow, orange, pale orange, deep reddish orange
Comment:
transparent in thin flakes
Comment:
very soft
Cleavage:
Perfect
{010}
Density:
6.949 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Clinobisvanite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.195Å, b = 11.701Å, c = 5.092Å
β = 90.38°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.444 : 1 : 0.435
Unit Cell Volume:
V 309.52 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Twinning:
shows multiple twinning, on {101}, with cross hatching; twinning may result in formation of reticulated groups
Comment:
I2/a (synthetic); previous β value input: 89.62

Optical Data of Clinobisvanite

Type:
Biaxial
RI values:
n = 2.63
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.000
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of Clinobisvanite

Formula:
Bi(VO4)
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Electron microprobe, wt.% (1 - Yinnietharra Station, Western Australia; 2 - White Queen mine, California, USA)
V2O5 27.63, 27.0
Bi2O3 69.88, 72.0
PbO 1.34, -
CaO -, 0.9

total 98.85, 99.9
Empirical Formula:
[2] Bi1.01V0.97O4

Relationship of Clinobisvanite to other Species

8.AD.05NahpoiteNa2HPO4
8.AD.10MonetiteCa(HPO4)
8.AD.10WeiliteCa(HAsO4)
8.AD.10ŠvenekiteCa(H2AsO4)2
8.AD.15Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
8.AD.15Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
8.AD.20Phosphammite(NH4)2(HPO4)
8.AD.25BuchwalditeNaCa(PO4)
8.AD.30SchultenitePb(HAsO4)
8.AD.35Chernovite-(Y)Y(AsO4)
8.AD.35DreyeriteBi(VO4)
8.AD.35Wakefieldite-(Ce)Ce(VO4)
8.AD.35Wakefieldite-(Y)Y(VO4)
8.AD.35Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
8.AD.35PretuliteSc(PO4)
8.AD.35Xenotime-(Yb)Yb(PO4)
8.AD.35Wakefieldite-(La)La(VO4)
8.AD.40PucheriteBi(VO4)
8.AD.45XimengiteBi(PO4)
8.AD.50Gasparite-(Ce)Ce(AsO4)
8.AD.50Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
8.AD.50Monazite-(La)La(PO4)
8.AD.50Monazite-(Nd)Nd(PO4)
8.AD.50RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
8.AD.50CheraliteCaTh(PO4)2
8.AD.50Monazite-(Sm)Sm(PO4)
8.AD.50UM2005-35-VO:CaFePSiTh(Th,Ca)(VO4,SiO4,PO4)
8.AD.55TetrarooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
8.AD.60Chursinite(Hg2+)0.5Hg2+(AsO4)
21.3.1SteigeriteAl(VO4) · 3H2O
21.3.2Alvanite(Zn,Ni)Al4(V5+O3)2(OH)12 · 2H2O
21.3.3MetaschoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 6H2O
21.3.4SchoderiteAl2(PO4)(VO4) · 8H2O
21.3.5SatpaeviteAl12V24+V65+O37 · 30H2O
21.3.6VanaliteNaAl8V10O38 · 30H2O
21.3.7Wakefieldite-(Ce)Ce(VO4)
21.3.7Wakefieldite-(Y)Y(VO4)
21.3.8ChervetitePb2(V2O7)
21.3.9MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
21.3.10DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
21.3.11DreyeriteBi(VO4)
21.3.11PucheriteBi(VO4)
21.3.12SchumacheriteBi3(VO4)2O(OH)
21.3.13NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
21.3.14Pottsite(Pb3xBi4-2x)(VO4)4·H2O (0.8 < x < 1.0)
21.3.15Duhamelite(Pb,Bi,Ca)Cu(VO4)(OH,O)

Other Names for Clinobisvanite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Clinobisvanite

Reference List:
Bridge, P. J.; Pryce, M. W. (1974): Clinobisvanite, monoclinic bismuth vanadate (BiVO4), a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 39, 847-849.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W. and Nichols, M.C., Eds. Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/ (2016)

Internet Links for Clinobisvanite

Localities for Clinobisvanite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
    • Punilla Department
      • Tanti
Colombo, F. y Lira, R. (2006) Geología y mineralogía de algunas pegmatitas del borde oriental del distrito Punilla, Córdoba. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 61:
    • San Javier Department
      • Las Tapias
        • Cerro Achala
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Station)
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte und Abhandlungen (2002): 9, 401-411. ; Frost, R. L., Henry, D. A., Weier, M. L., & Martens, W. (2006). Raman spectroscopy of three polymorphs of BiVO4: clinobisvanite, dreyerite and pucherite, with comparisons to (VO4) 3‐bearing minerals: namibite, pottsite and schumacherite. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 37(7), 722-732.; Collier, J. B., & Plimer, I. R. (2002). Supergene clinobisvanite pseudomorphs after supergene dreyerite from Lively's Mine, Arkaroola, South Australia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte, 2002(9), 401-410.
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Nepean
Eugene Carmichael collection ; Bridge, P. J. & Pryce, M. W. (1974): Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO4, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39: 847-9
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Shaw River District
Pegmatites of Western Australia; Mark I Jacobson, Mark A Calderwood, Benjamin A Grguric; Hesperian Press, Perth, 2007
    • Menzies Shire
      • Menzies
Bridge, P. J. & Pryce, M. W. (1974): Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO4, a new mineral from Yinnietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39: 847-9
    • Port Hedland Shire
Bridge, P. J. & Pryce, M. W. (1974): Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO4, a new mineral from Yiennietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39: 847-9
    • Upper Gascoyne Shire
      • Yinnietharra (Yinnietharra Station; Yinnetharra)
Pegmatites of Western Australia; M Jacobson, M Calderwood, B Grguric; Hesperian Press, 2007 Perth
Bridge, P. J. & Pryce, M. W. (1974): Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO4, a new mineral from Yiennietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39: 847-9
    • Westonia Shire
      • Westonia
Bridge, P. J. & Pryce, M. W. (1974): Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO4, a new mineral from Yiennietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39: 847-9
    • Yilgarn Shire
      • Southern Cross
Bridge, P. J. & Pryce, M. W. (1974): Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVO4, a new mineral from Yiennietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39: 847-9
China
 
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
Mineralog. Zhurnal (1983) 5, 82-86
France
 
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Tarn
      • Castelnau-de-Brassac
        • Fumade
Lheur, C. & Meisser, N. (2013): Nouveautés à Fumade (Tarn): clinobisvanite, meurigite-K, sigloite et sudoite. Le Règne Minéral, 110, 52-53.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
U. Kolitsch, J. Gröbner, G. Blaß, H.-W. Graf und A. Pring (2005): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald (II): Dreyerit, Gasparit-(Ce), Klinobisvanit, Kobaltkoritnigit, Metatyuyamunit, Roscoelith, Sengierit, Vésigniéit und Wakefieldit. Lapis 30 (9), 35-39; 58. (in German)
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
        • Reichenbach
          • Borstein
Petitjean, K. & Belendorff, K. (2000): Reichenbach im Odenwald: Die Minerale vom Fundpunkt 14.0. Lapis 25 (2): 13-30
          • Hohenstein
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
Petitjean, K. & Belendorff, K. (2000): Reichenbach im Odenwald: Die Minerale vom Fundpunkt 14.0. Lapis 25 (2): 13-30
Lapis, 12 (10), 23-32+58.
  • Thuringia
    • Vogtland
      • Hirschberg
        • Ullersreuth
T. Witzke et al.: Lapis 2001(12), 13-27
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Fukuoka Prefecture
Matsubara, S. and Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals. (National Science Museum, Tokyo); Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
Madagascar
 
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Vakinankaratra Region
      • Sahatany Pegmatite Field (Mt Ibity area)
        • Manandona Valley
Extra Lapis nr 17. Madagascar p 4 (german edition)]
Mozambique
 
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
      • Mutala pegmatite area
Bridge, P. J. & Pryce, M. W. (1974): Clinobisvanite, monoclinic BiVo4, a new mineral from Yiennietharra, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine 39: 847-9
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Okongava Ost Farm 72
Bideaux, R, 2000, Handbook of Mineralogy, v. 4, p. 116.
  • Kunene Region
    • Khorixas District
      • Mesopotamia Copper Valley
Gerhard Niedermayr: Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit; Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dos Cabezas Mts
        • Dos Cabezas (Two Heads) District
          • Comstock Mine area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 176.
  • California
    • Plumas Co.
      • Diamond Mts
        • Last Chance District
          • Adams Peak
Dunning, G.E., Cooper, J.F. (2005) Mineralogy of the Spring Creek area, Last Chance mining district, Plumas County, California. Axis: 1: 1-30.
Dunning, G.E., Cooper, J.F. (2005) Mineralogy of the Spring Creek area, Last Chance mining district, Plumas County, California. Axis: 1: 1-30.
    • Riverside Co.
      • Jurupa Mts
        • Jurupa
MinRec 15:273-290
    • San Diego Co.
Foord, E. E. (1996), Clinobisvanite, eulytite, and namibite from the Pala pegmatite district, San Diego Co., California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine 60, 387.
        • Pala
          • Chief Mountain
Mineralogical Record (2002): 33(5): 388.; Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 387-388
Mark Mauthner; not yet published
          • Hiriart Mountain (Hariat Mtn; Harriot Mtn; Heriart Mtn; Heriot Mtn; Hiriat Hill)
[Mineralogical Record 29:164]
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Chalk Mountain District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Reese River District
        • Lander Hill
Jesse Crawford photo, Photo ID: 190766
      • Spencer Hot Springs District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 389-390; Frost, R. L., Henry, D. A., Weier, M. L., & Martens, W. (2006). Raman spectroscopy of three polymorphs of BiVO4: clinobisvanite, dreyerite and pucherite, with comparisons to (VO4) 3‐bearing minerals: namibite, pottsite and schumacherite. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 37(7), 722-732.
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Custer
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
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