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Aluminium

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Formula:
Al
System:IsometricColour:Grayish-White
Lustre:MetallicHardness:2 - 3½
Name:The name is the British spelling for the element of which it is comprised.
This page provides mineralogical data about Aluminium.

Classification of Aluminium

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:1/A.03-05
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:1.AA.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
A : Copper-cupalite family
Dana 7th edition ID:1.1.22.1
Dana 8th edition ID:1.1.1.5

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Hey's CIM Ref.:1.21

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
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Type Occurrence of Aluminium

Co-type Localities:Billeekh Intrusion, Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia), Eastern-Siberian Region, Russia
Dike OB-255, Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia), Eastern-Siberian Region, Russia
Place of Conservation of Type Material:Geological Museum, Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk, Russia.
Year of Discovery:1978

Occurrences of Aluminium

Geological Setting:In a gabbro-dolerite massif (Billeekh intrusion, Russia); in aluminum-rich rocks; in high-temperature hydrothermal Sn–W deposits and their alteration zones; in volcanic ash.

Physical Properties of Aluminium

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Grayish-White
Hardness (Mohs):2 - 3½
Tenacity:Malleable

Crystallography of Aluminium

Crystal System:Isometric
Cell Parameters:a = 4.04Å
Unit Cell Volume:V 65.94 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:Typically granular massive, may be platy or scaly, to 1 mm.

Optical Data of Aluminium

Type:Isotropic

Chemical Properties of Aluminium

Formula:
Al
Essential elements:Al
All elements listed in formula:Al
CAS Registry number:7429-90-5

CAS Registry numbers are published by the American Chemical Society

Relationship of Aluminium to other Species

Common Associates:
ZincTinSulphurPyriteMoissanite
MagnetiteLeadJarositeIronIlmenite
HematiteCopperCadmiumAntimony
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
1.AA.05Copper
Cu
1.AA.05Electrum
(Au, Ag)
1.AA.05Gold
Au
1.AA.05Lead
Pb
1.AA.05Nickel
Ni
1.AA.05Silver
Ag
1.AA.05UM2004-08-E:AuCuPd
(Cu,Pd,Au)
1.AA.05UM1991-06-E:AuCu
Au
 
3
Cu
1.AA.10aAuricupride
Cu
 
3
Au
1.AA.10bTetra-auricupride
AuCu
1.AA.10aCuproauride
Cu
 
3
Au
1.AA.15Anyuiite
Au(Pb,Sb)
 
2
1.AA.15Khatyrkite
(Cu,Zn)Al
 
2
1.AA.15Iodine
I
 
2
1.AA.15Novodneprite
AuPb
 
3
1.AA.15UM1985-02-E:AlZn
ZnAl
 
2
1.AA.20Cupalite
(Cu,Zn)Al
1.AA.25Hunchunite
Au
 
2
Pb
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
1.1Copper
Cu
1.2Silver
Ag
1.5Gold
Au
1.6Auricupride
Cu
 
3
Au
1.7Tetra-auricupride
AuCu
1.8Zinc
Zn
1.9Cadmium
Cd
1.10Danbaite
CuZn
 
2
1.11Zhanghengite
CuZn
1.12Mercury
Hg
1.13Kolymite
Cu
 
7
Hg
 
6
1.14Moschellandsbergite
Ag
 
2
Hg
 
3
1.15Eugenite
Ag
 
11
Hg
 
2
1.16Schachnerite
Ag
 
1.1
Hg
 
0.9
1.17Paraschachnerite
Ag
 
3
Hg
 
2
1.18Luanheite
Ag
 
3
Hg
1.19Weishanite
(Au,Ag)
 
3
Hg
 
2
1.20Indium
In
1.22Khatyrkite
(Cu,Zn)Al
 
2
1.23Cupalite
(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24Diamond
C
1.25Graphite
C
1.26Chaoite
C
1.27Lonsdaleite
C
1.28Silicon
Si
1.29Tin
Sn
1.30Lead
Pb
1.31Anyuiite
Au(Pb,Sb)
 
2
1.31Novodneprite
AuPb
 
3
1.32Leadamalgam
Pb
 
0.7
Hg
 
0.3
1.33Arsenic
As
1.34Arsenolamprite
As
1.35Paxite
CuAs
 
2
1.36Koutekite
Cu
 
5
As
 
2
1.37Domeykite
Cu
 
3
As
1.38Algodonite
(Cu
 
1-x
As
 
x
)
1.39Novakite
Cu
 
20
AgAs
 
10
1.40Kutinaite
Ag
 
6
Cu
 
14
As
 
7
1.41Antimony
Sb
1.42Stibarsen
AsSb
1.43Paradocrasite
Sb
 
3
As
1.44Horsfordite
Cu, Sb
1.45Cuprostibite
Cu
 
2
(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum
(Ag
 
1-x
Sb
 
x
)
1.47Aurostibite
AuSb
 
2
1.48Dyscrasite
Ag
 
3
Sb
1.49Bismuth
Bi
1.50Maldonite
Au
 
2
Bi
1.51Sulphur
S
 
8
1.52Rosickýite
S
1.53Selenium
Se
1.54Tellurium
Te
1.55Chromium
Cr
1.56Rhenium
Re
1.57Iron
Fe
1.58Chromferide
Fe
 
3
Cr
 
1-x
(x=0.6)
1.59Ferchromide
Cr
 
3
Fe
 
1-x
1.60Wairauite
CoFe
1.61Nickel
Ni
1.62Kamacite
(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite
(Fe,Ni)
1.64Tetrataenite
FeNi
1.65Awaruite
Ni
 
3
Fe
1.66Palladium
(Pd,Pt)
1.67Potarite
PdHg
1.68Paolovite
Pd
 
2
Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite
(Pd,Cu)
 
3
Sn
 
2
1.70Cabriite
Pd
 
2
CuSn
1.71Taimyrite-I
(Pd,Cu,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.72Atokite
(Pd,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.73Rustenburgite
(Pt,Pd)
 
3
Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite
(Pd,Pt,Au)
 
3
(Pb,Sn)
1.75Plumbopalladinite
Pd
 
3
Pb
 
2
1.76Osmium
(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium
(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82Platinum
Pt
1.83Hongshiite
PtCu
1.84Niggliite
PtSn
1.85Isoferroplatinum
Pt
 
3
Fe
1.86Tetraferroplatinum
PtFe
1.87Tulameenite
Pt
 
2
CuFe
1.88Ferronickelplatinum
Pt
 
2
FeNi
1.89Rhodium
(Rh,Pt)

Other Names for Aluminium

Synonyms:
AluminumIMA1980-085a
Other Languages:
Afrikaans:Aluminium
Arabic:ألومنيوم
Armenian:Ալյումին
Asturian:Aluminiu
Azeri:Alüminium
Basque:Aluminio
Belarusian:Алюміній
Bengali:অ্যালুমিনিয়াম
Bosnian (Latin Script):Aluminijum
Breton:Aluminiom
Bulgarian:Алуминий
Catalan:Alumini
Chuvash:Алюмини
Corsican:Alluminiu
Croatian:Aluminij
Czech:Hliník
Danish:Aluminium
Dutch:Aluminium
Erzya:Люм
Esperanto:Aluminio
Estonian:Alumiinium
Finnish:Alumiini
French:Aluminium
Friulian:Alumini
Galician:Aluminio
German:Aluminium
Greek:Αργίλιο
Haitian:Aliminyòm
Hebrew:אלומיניום
Hindi:एलुमिनियम
Hungarian:Alumínium
Icelandic:Ál
Ido:Aluminio
Indonesian:Aluminium
Irish Gaelic:Alúmanam
Italian:Alluminio
Japanese:自然アルミニウム
Javanese:Alumunium
Kapampangan:Aluminiu
Korean:알루미늄
Kurdish (Latin Script):Bafûn
Latin:Aluminium
Latvian:Alumīnijs
Lithuanian:Aliuminis
Lojban:jinmrmalume
Low Saxon:Aluminium
Luxembourgish:Aluminium
Macedonian:Алуминиум
Malay:Aluminium
Malayalam:അലൂമിനിയം
Manx:Ollymin
Marathi:ऍल्युमिनियम
Min Nan:Al
Mongolian (Cyrillic Script):Хөнгөн цагаан
Norwegian (Bokmål):Aluminium
Norwegian (Nynorsk):Aluminium
Novial:Aluminie
Occitan:Alumini
Persian:آلومینیم
Polish:Glin
Portuguese:Alumínio
Quechua:Ch'aqu q'illay
Ripuarian:Allu
Romanian:Aluminiu
Russian:Алюминий
Saterland Frisian:Aluminium
Scottish Gaelic:Almain
Serbian (Cyrillic Script):Алуминијум
Serbo-Croatian:Aluminijum
Sicilian:Alluminiu
Simplified Chinese:自然铝
Slovak:Hliník
Slovenian:Aluminij
Spanish:Aluminio
Swahili:Alumini
Swedish:Aluminium
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):Алюминий
Tamil:அலுமினியம்
Telugu:అల్యూమినియం
Thai:อะลูมิเนียม
Traditional Chinese:自然鋁
Turkish:Alüminyum
Ukrainian:Алюміній
Uzbek (Latin Script):Alyuminiy
Vietnamese:Nhôm
Welsh:Alwminiwm
Yoruba:Aluminiọmu

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
External LinksSearch for toxicity information at the United States National Library of Medicine

References for Aluminium

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist: 65: 205.

Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 113: 210-215.

Best Localities for Aluminium

Best of Species:Aluminium

Internet Links for Aluminium

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  • Localities for Aluminium

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Azerbaijan
     
    • Qobustan District (Gobustan; Kobustan)
      • Caspian Sea
    Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
    Bulgaria
     
    • Kyustendil Oblast
      • Rila Mtn (Rila Planina)
    American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1283–1286, 2009
    China
     
    • Guangdong Province
      • Chaozhou Prefecture
        • Raoping Co.
    Shuangmei He, Fenyuan Cao, and Yanzhong Liu (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(9), 32-34; Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Guizhou Province
      • Qianxi'nan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Anlong Co.
    Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Henan Province
      • Nanyang Prefecture
        • Xichuan Co.
    Zongli Deng and Shoujing Jiao (1990): Journal of Chengdu College of Geology 17(3), 29-37
    • Jiangsu Province
      • Lianyungang Prefecture
        • Donghai Co.
          • Maobei
    Jingsui Yang, Zhiqin Xu, Wenji Bai, Qingsong Fang, and Zhongming Zhang (2006): 3rd Annual Meeting of the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS), July 10-14, 2006, Abstract 59-SE-A0643.
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
        • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
    Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggan Yan, and Zhongming Zhang (2001): Earth Science Frontiers 8(3), 111-121
    Italy
     
    • Liguria
      • Genova Province
        • Genova
          • Borzoli
    Palenzona, A. & Gruppo Mineralogico COOP Liguria “A. Negro” (1993): L’alluminio di M.te Ramazzo. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1993, 186-187. AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
    [World of Stones 12:49]
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 243, 191-194
        • Vilyui River Basin (Vilui River Basin; Wilui River Basin)
          • Lower Khann'ya River
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
        • Taimyr Peninsula
          • Putoran Plateau
            • Noril'sk
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Oleinikov B V, Okrugin A V, Leskova N V (1978) Petrological significance of the occurence of native aluminum in basites, Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 243, 191-194
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
    Karpov, G. A., & Mokhov, A. V. (2010). Microparticles of native metals, sulfides, and oxides in andesitic ashes of Karymskii Volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Seismology, 4(3), 164-179.
        • Tolbachik volcano
    [MinRec 31:202]
      • Primorskiy Kray
        • Khanka Lake
    V.V. Seredin data; [AmMin 84:992]
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
    M.I. Novgorodova Doklady AN SSSR, 1979, v.248, N4, pp.965-968
    The Moon
     
    • Apollonius Highlands
    Mokhov A.V., Kartashov P.M., Bogatikov O.A. (2007) Moon under a microscope, - Moscow, Nauka, p.128 (in Rus.).
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Kyzylkum Desert
      • Uchkuduk area
    not refered listen
    Venezuela
     
    • Bolívar
    Franco Urbani, Carlos Rojas, Rafael Carreño and Ander De Abrisqueta (2007) SEM, SAM Characterization of a Native Aluminum Occurrence in the “Roraima South Cave System”, Venezuela. Acta Microscopica Vol 16 No1-2,(Supp.2)
    Franco Urbani (2009) Venezuelan Cave Minerals: Second Review. Mineralogy 1 2009 ICS Proceedings. In 15th International Congress of Speleology. p 345
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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