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Aluminium

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Formula:
Al
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Grayish-White
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2 - 3½
Name:
The name is the British spelling for the element of which it is comprised.
This page provides mineralogical data about Aluminium.

Classification of Aluminium

Approved
1.AA.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
A : Copper-cupalite family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.22.1
1.1.1.5

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
1.21

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
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http://www.mindat.org/min-107.html
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Type Occurrence of Aluminium

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Geological Museum, Academy of Sciences, Yakutsk, Russia.
Year of Discovery:
1978

Occurrences of Aluminium

Geological Setting:
In a gabbro-dolerite massif (Billeekh intrusion, Russia); in aluminum-rich rocks; in high-temperature hydrothermal Sn–W deposits and their alteration zones; in volcanic ash.

Physical Properties of Aluminium

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Grayish-White
Hardness (Mohs):
2 - 3½
Tenacity:
Malleable

Crystallography of Aluminium

Crystal System:
Isometric
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.04Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 65.94 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Typically granular massive, may be platy or scaly, to 1 mm.

Optical Data of Aluminium

Type:
Isotropic

Chemical Properties of Aluminium

Formula:
Al
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
CAS Registry number:
7429-90-5

CAS Registry numbers are published by the American Chemical Society

Relationship of Aluminium to other Species

1.AA.05CopperCu
1.AA.05Electrum(Au, Ag)
1.AA.05GoldAu
1.AA.05LeadPb
1.AA.05NickelNi
1.AA.05SilverAg
1.AA.05UM2004-08-E:AuCuPd(Cu,Pd,Au)
1.AA.05UM1991-06-E:AuCuAu3Cu
1.AA.10aAuricuprideCu3Au
1.AA.10bTetra-auricuprideAuCu
1.AA.10aCuproaurideCu3Au
1.AA.15AnyuiiteAu(Pb,Sb)2
1.AA.15Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
1.AA.15IodineI2
1.AA.15NovodnepriteAuPb3
1.AA.15UM1985-02-E:AlZnZnAl2
1.AA.20Cupalite(Cu,Zn)Al
1.AA.25HunchuniteAu2Pb
1.1CopperCu
1.2SilverAg
1.5GoldAu
1.6AuricuprideCu3Au
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCu
1.8ZincZn
1.9CadmiumCd
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZn
1.12MercuryHg
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2
1.18LuanheiteAg3Hg
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2
1.20IndiumIn
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24DiamondC
1.25GraphiteC
1.26ChaoiteC
1.27LonsdaleiteC
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSn
1.30LeadPb
1.31AnyuiiteAu(Pb,Sb)2
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3
1.33ArsenicAs
1.34ArsenolampriteAs
1.35PaxiteCuAs2
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2
1.37DomeykiteCu3As
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7
1.41AntimonySb
1.42StibarsenAsSb
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3As
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2
1.48DyscrasiteAg3Sb
1.49BismuthBi
1.50MaldoniteAu2Bi
1.51SulphurS8
1.52RosickýiteS
1.53SeleniumSe
1.54TelluriumTe
1.55ChromiumCr
1.56RheniumRe
1.57IronFe
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-x
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNi
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)
1.64TetrataeniteFeNi
1.65AwaruiteNi3Fe
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHg
1.68PaolovitePd2Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
1.70CabriitePd2CuSn
1.71Taimyrite-I(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3Sn
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite(Pd,Pt,Au)3(Pb,Sn)
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82PlatinumPt
1.83HongshiitePtCu
1.84NiggliitePtSn
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFe
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFe
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)

Other Names for Aluminium

Name in Other Languages:
Afrikaans:Aluminium
Asturian:Aluminiu
Basque:Aluminio
Belarusian:Алюміній
Bosnian (Latin Script):Aluminijum
Breton:Aluminiom
Catalan:Alumini
Corsican:Alluminiu
Croatian:Aluminij
Czech:Hliník
Danish:Aluminium
Dutch:Aluminium
Erzya:Люм
Esperanto:Aluminio
Estonian:Alumiinium
Finnish:Alumiini
French:Aluminium
Friulian:Alumini
Galician:Aluminio
German:Aluminium
Haitian:Aliminyòm
Hungarian:Alumínium
Icelandic:Ál
Indonesian:Aluminium
Irish Gaelic:Alúmanam
Italian:Alluminio
Javanese:Alumunium
Kapampangan:Aluminiu
Kurdish (Latin Script):Bafûn
Latin:Aluminium
Latvian:Alumīnijs
Lithuanian:Aliuminis
Low Saxon:Aluminium
Luxembourgish:Aluminium
Malay:Aluminium
Manx:Ollymin
Min Nan:Al
Mongolian (Cyrillic Script):Хөнгөн цагаан
Norwegian (Bokmål):Aluminium
Norwegian (Nynorsk):Aluminium
Novial:Aluminie
Occitan:Alumini
Polish:Glin
Portuguese:Alumínio
Ripuarian:Allu
Romanian:Aluminiu
Saterland Frisian:Aluminium
Scottish Gaelic:Almain
Serbian (Cyrillic Script):Алуминијум
Serbo-Croatian:Aluminijum
Sicilian:Alluminiu
Simplified Chinese:自然铝
Slovak:Hliník
Slovenian:Aluminij
Spanish:Aluminio
Swahili:Alumini
Swedish:Aluminium
Tajik (Cyrillic Script):Алюминий
Traditional Chinese:自然鋁
Turkish:Alüminyum
Uzbek (Latin Script):Alyuminiy
Vietnamese:Nhôm
Welsh:Alwminiwm

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Aluminium

Reference List:
American Mineralogist: 65: 205.

Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 113: 210-215.

Internet Links for Aluminium

Localities for Aluminium

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Azerbaijan
 
  • Qobustan District (Gobustan; Kobustan)
    • Caspian Sea
Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
Bulgaria
 
  • Kyustendil Oblast
    • Rila Mtn (Rila Planina)
American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1283–1286, 2009
China
 
  • Guangdong Province
    • Chaozhou Prefecture
      • Raoping Co.
Shuangmei He, Fenyuan Cao, and Yanzhong Liu (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(9), 32-34; Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Guizhou Province
    • Qianxi'nan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Anlong Co.
Anthony, J.W. et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Henan Province
    • Nanyang Prefecture
      • Xichuan Co.
Zongli Deng and Shoujing Jiao (1990): Journal of Chengdu College of Geology 17(3), 29-37
  • Jiangsu Province
    • Lianyungang Prefecture
      • Donghai Co.
        • Maobei
Jingsui Yang, Zhiqin Xu, Wenji Bai, Qingsong Fang, and Zhongming Zhang (2006): 3rd Annual Meeting of the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS), July 10-14, 2006, Abstract 59-SE-A0643.
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggan Yan, and Zhongming Zhang (2001): Earth Science Frontiers 8(3), 111-121
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Borzoli
Palenzona, A. & Gruppo Mineralogico COOP Liguria “A. Negro” (1993): L’alluminio di M.te Ramazzo. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1993, 186-187. AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
        • Aldan
Shcheka, S. A., Ignat’ev, A. V., Nechaev, V. P., & Zvereva, V. P. (2006). First diamonds from placers in Primorie. Petrology, 14(3), 299-317.
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 243, 191-194
      • Vilyui River Basin (Vilui River Basin; Wilui River Basin)
        • Lower Khann'ya River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
          • Noril'sk
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Oleinikov B V, Okrugin A V, Leskova N V (1978) Petrological significance of the occurence of native aluminum in basites, Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 243, 191-194
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Karpov, G. A., & Mokhov, A. V. (2010). Microparticles of native metals, sulfides, and oxides in andesitic ashes of Karymskii Volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Seismology, 4(3), 164-179.
      • Tolbachik volcano
[MinRec 31:202]
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Khanka Lake
V.V. Seredin data; [AmMin 84:992]
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
M.I. Novgorodova Doklady AN SSSR, 1979, v.248, N4, pp.965-968
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Polar Urals
      • Tyumenskaya Oblast'
6th orogenic lherzolite conference 2014 Morocco; Yang, J., Meng, F., Xu, X., Robinson, P. T., Dilek, Y., Makeyev, A. B., ... & Cliff, J. (2015). Diamonds, native elements and metal alloys from chromitites of the Ray-Iz ophiolite of the Polar Urals. Gondwana Research, 27(2), 459-485.
The Moon
 
  • Apollonius Highlands
Mokhov A.V., Kartashov P.M., Bogatikov O.A. (2007) Moon under a microscope, - Moscow, Nauka, p.128 (in Rus.).
Venezuela
 
  • Bolívar
Franco Urbani, Carlos Rojas, Rafael Carreño and Ander De Abrisqueta (2007) SEM, SAM Characterization of a Native Aluminum Occurrence in the “Roraima South Cave System”, Venezuela. Acta Microscopica Vol 16 No1-2,(Supp.2)
Franco Urbani (2009) Venezuelan Cave Minerals: Second Review. Mineralogy 1 2009 ICS Proceedings. In 15th International Congress of Speleology. p 345
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