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Clinotyrolite

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Formula:
Ca
 
2
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
10
· 10H
 
2
O
System:Monoclinic
Name:For the relation to tyrolite (considered to be orthorhombic at that time).


"Clinotyrolite" was published without CNMMN approval because the authors thought it is different from tyrolite (which was considered to be orthorhombic at that time). However, tyrolite was later shown to be monoclinic(-pseudo-orthorhombic), with at least two monoclinic polytypes being detected (Krivovichev et al., 2006); one of them seems to be identical to "clinotyrolite".
Since it is well-known that also carbonate-free varieties of tyrolite exist, "tyrolite" may actually represent more than two minerals/polytypes.

Clinotyrolite was originally described from Lanniping Mine, Dongchuan Cu ore field, Dongchuan District, Kunming Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China and Tangdan Mine, Dongchuan Cu ore field, Dongchuan District, Kunming Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China.

Classification of Clinotyrolite

IMA status:Published without Approval
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/D.54-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.DM.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
M : With large and medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 > 2:1
Dana 8th edition ID:42.4.4.1

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
4 : (AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:22.3.4

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
3 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with sulphates
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Crystallography of Clinotyrolite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 10.51Å, b = 5.56Å, c = 27.61Å
β = 94°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.89 : 1 : 4.966
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,609.48 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Clinotyrolite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.666 nβ = 1.686 nγ = 1.694
2V:Measured: 65° to 66°, Calculated: 62°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.028

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:r > v or r < v

Chemical Properties of Clinotyrolite

Formula:
Ca
 
2
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
10
· 10H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Ca2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10·10H2O
Essential elements:As, Ca, Cu, H, O
All elements listed in formula:As, Ca, Cu, H, O, S

Relationship of Clinotyrolite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.DM.05Morinite
NaCa
 
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)F
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DM.05Esperanzaite
NaCa
 
2
Al
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)F
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DM.10Tyrolite
Ca
 
2
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
8
· 11H
 
2
O
8.DM.15Betpakdalite-CaCa
[Ca
 
2
(H
 
2
O)
 
17
Ca(H
 
2
O)
 
6
][Mo
6+
8
As
5+
2
Fe
3+
3
O
 
36
(OH)]
8.DM.15Melkovite
[Ca
 
2
(H
 
2
O)
 
15
Ca(H
 
2
O)
 
6
][Mo
 
8
P
 
2
Fe
3+
3
O
 
36
(OH)]
8.DM.15Betpakdalite-NaCa
[Na
 
2
(H
 
2
O)
 
17
Ca(H
 
2
O)
 
6
][Mo
6+
8
As
5+
2
Fe
3+
3
O
 
34
(OH)
 
3
]
8.DM.20Phosphovanadylite-Ba
Ba[V
4+
4
P
 
2
O
 
8
(OH)
 
8
]·12H2O
8.DM.20Phosphovanadylite-Ca
Ca[V
4+
4
P
 
2
O
 
12
(OH)
 
4
] · 12H
 
2
O
8.DM.25Yukonite
Ca
 
3
Fe
3+
 
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
8.DM.30Uduminelite
Ca
 
3
Al
 
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
12
· 2H
 
2
O
8.DM.35Delvauxite
CaFe
 
4
(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
8
· 4-6H
 
2
O not confirmed ·
8.DM.40Santafeite
(Na,Ca,Sr)
 
12
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
,Al,Mg)
 
8
Mn
4+
8
(VO
 
4
)
 
16
(OH,O)
 
20
· 8H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
22.3.1Parnauite
Cu
 
9
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· 7H
 
2
O
22.3.2Ardealite
Ca
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
) · 4H
 
2
O
22.3.3Machatschkiite
(Ca,Na)
 
6
(AsO
 
4
)(HAsO
 
4
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
) · 15H
 
2
O
22.3.5Peisleyite
Na
 
2
Al
 
9
[(P,S)O
 
4
]
 
8
(OH)
 
6
•28H
 
2
O
22.3.6Chalcophyllite
Cu
 
18
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
27
· 33H
 
2
O
22.3.7Woodhouseite
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.8Schlossmacherite
(H
 
3
O)Al
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
22.3.9Svanbergite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.10Kemmlitzite
(Sr,Ce)Al
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.11Sanjuanite
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 9H
 
2
O
22.3.12Kribergite
Al
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
22.3.13Hotsonite
Al
 
11
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
21
· 16H
 
2
O
22.3.14Weilerite
BaAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.15Tsumebite
Pb
 
2
Cu(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
22.3.16Arsentsumebite
Pb
 
2
Cu(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
22.3.17Hinsdalite
PbAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.18Hidalgoite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.19Orpheite
22.3.20Coconinoite
Fe
3+
2
Al
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· 20H
 
2
O
22.3.21Sasaite
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
14
(PO
 
4
)
 
11
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
7
· 83H
 
2
O
22.3.22Tristramite
(Ca,U,Fe)(PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
22.3.23Corkite
PbFe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.24Beudantite
PbFe
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
22.3.25Diadochite
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 5H
 
2
O
22.3.26Sarmientite
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 5H
 
2
O
22.3.27Bukovskýite
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 9H
 
2
O
22.3.28Zýkaite
Fe
3+
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(OH) · 15H
 
2
O
22.3.29Tooeleite
Fe
3+
6
(As
3+
 
O
 
3
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
22.3.30Pitticite
(Fe, SO
 
4
, AsO
 
4
, H
 
2
O) ?
22.3.31Xiangjiangite
(Fe
3+
 
,Al)(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 22H
 
2
O

Other Names for Clinotyrolite

Other Languages:
German:Clinotyrolit
Klinotirolit
Klinotyrolit
Spanish:Clinotyrolita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Clinotyrolite

Reference List:

- +
Ma Zhesheng, Qian Rongyao, and Peng Zhizhong (1980): Clinotyrolite: A new mineral of the hydrous copper arsenate discovered in Dongchuan, Yunnan. Acta Geologica Sinica 54(2), 134-143 (in Chinese with English abstract). - Mineralogical Abstracts 80, 4909 (abstract).

"Clinotyrolite has been published without CNMMN approval. It might well be a separate phase." (Ernst Burke - 21/06/2004).

Krivovichev, S. V., Chernyshov, D. Yu., Döbelin, N., Kahlenberg, V., Tessadri, R., Armbruster, T. and Kaltenhauser, G. (2005): The crystal structure of tyrolite, Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8(H2O)10: synchrotron X-ray diffraction study. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 151, 74. (Poster abstract)

Krivovichev, S.V., Chernyshov, D. Yu., Dobelin, N., Armbruster, Th., Kahlenberg, V., Kaindl, R., Ferraris, G., Tessadri, R., Kaltenhauser, G. (2006). Crystal chemistry and polytypism of tyrolite. American Mineralogist, 91, 1378-1384.

Internet Links for Clinotyrolite

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  • Localities for Clinotyrolite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Karawanken
        • Bad Eisenkappel (Bad Eisenkappl)
          • Rijavitzagraben (Jeravitzagraben; Remscheniggraben)
    G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 191./111.:97-102 (2001)
    • Salzburg
      • Saalfelden
        • Leogang
          • Hütten
            • Schwarzleograben
              • Schwarzleo District
    Poeverlein, R. (2008): Euchroit und seine Begleiter vom prähistorischen Bergbau, Leogang, Österreich. Lapis, 33 (5), 13-22.
    • Styria
      • Knittelfeld
        • Flatschach
          • Cu deposit (Schönberg)
    Gröbner, J. (2000): Neue Mineralienfunde aus Österreich (2). Mineralien-Welt, 11 (5), 49-51.
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Inn valley
          • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
            • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
              • Geyer - Silberberg District
                • Silberberg
    Schnorrer, G. and Poeverlein, R. (2002) Schwaz-Brixlegg-Fundstellen: 2. Die Minerale des Stockerstollens bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss, 53, 209-228.
                  • West slope ("Am Geyer")
    R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
    Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2008): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen. 6. Die Minerale des Gratlspitz bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 59, 7-28.
              • Hof
    Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2010): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen: 7. Die Minerale des Bergbaus Hofer Tratte bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 61, 147-156.
    Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2005): Schwaz-Brixlegger-Fundstellen: 3. Die Minerale vom Bergbau Maukenötz bei Brixlegg, Tirol. Der Aufschluss, 56, 223-234.
              • St Gertraudi
                • Großkogel (Reither Kogel)
    Putz, H. & Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Mineralien des Gertraudstollens und seiner Halde in St. Gertraudi, Tirol. Lapis 32 (6), 58-63.
            • Schwaz
              • Falkenstein District
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
    Chile
     
    • Tarapacá Region
      • Iquique Province
        • Santa Rosa-Huantajaya District
    Rob Lavinky samples; analysed by XRD methods in USA
    China
     
    • Yunnan Province
      • Kunming Prefecture
        • Dongchuan District
          • Dongchuan Cu ore field
    Ma Zhesheng, Qian Rongyao, and Peng Zhizhong (1980): Acta Geologica Sinica 54(2), 134-143.
    Ma Zhesheng, Qian Rongyao, and Peng Zhizhong (1980): Acta Geologica Sinica 54(2), 134-143.
    France
     
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Alpes-Maritimes
        • Guillaumes
          • Daluis
    Mari G., Sarp H., Dalia A. (1997), Le gîte cuprifère de l'Hubac de Jourdan (Daluis et la Croix-sur-Roudoule, Alpes-Maritimes, France), Le Règne Minéral, n° 13, pp: 30-37
    Sarp, H. and Cerny R., 2001, Theoparacelsite, Cu3(OH)2As2O7, a new mineral: its description and crystal structure: Archs Sci. Geneve, 54:7-14.
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Rhône
        • Beaujeu
          • Les Ardillats
    Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (2000): Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten im Schwarzwald. Mineralien-Welt, 11 (4), 57-60. (in German)
    • Hesse
      • Richelsdorf District
        • Süss
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Bad Lauterberg
    Schnorrer, G. & Tetzer, G. (2006): Clinotyrolite, cupro-allophane, chrysokolla, partzite and claraite from the former fluorite mine Flossberg in greater Andreas valley in Bad Lauterberg in the Southern Harz Mountains. Aufschluss 57, 39-42. (in German)
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Siegerland
        • Niederschelden
    Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Galway
      • Killimor
    Sarp et al (1987) Arch. Sci. Geneve, 40, p.47-50.
    Morocco
     
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Tazenakht
          • Bou Azer District (Bou Azzer District)
            • Ightem
    Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
            • Khder
    Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
        • Czarnów
          • Rędziny
    Domańska, J.: Rędziny. Otoczak, nr. 29, p. 38-52; Gołębiowska B., A. Pieczka, & W. Franus: "Olivenite-adamite solid solution from oxidation zone in Redziny (West Sudetes, Poland)": Mineralogia Polonica 37 (2006) 101-111.
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Banská Bystrica Co.
        • Poniky
    - Števko M., Sejkora J., Bačík P., 2011: Mineralogy and origin of supergene mineralization at the Farbište ore occurrence near Poniky, central Slovakia. Journal of Geosciences, 57, 3, 273-298.
        • Špania Dolina (Herrengrund)
    Števko M., Sejkora J. 2012: Supergene arsenates of copper from Špania Dolina-Piesky deposit, Central Slovakia. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Actract Series 7, 130.
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Almería
        • Huércal-Overa
          • Cuesta Alta
            • Cerro Minado Mines
    GRÖBNER, J. and FERNÁNDEZ PÉRIZ, M., A. (2006): Los minerales de los yacimientos de Cu y Co de Molvizar y Cerro Minado en Andalucia. Revista de Minerales, 3, 1, 48-56. (in Spanish). Versions simultaneously published in Catalan (Mineralogistes de Catalunya) and in English version (Mineral Up)
      • Granada
        • Molvizar
    J. Gröbner and M. A. Fernández Périz (2006): Minerals of the Copper-Cobalt Deposits Molvizar and Cerro Minado in Andalusia. Mineralup February 2006, 48-56.
    • Valencian Community
      • Castellón
        • Vall de Almonacid
          • Fuente Huerpita
    Juan Miguel Casanova
        • Villahermosa del Rio
          • San Rafael claim
    Casanova Honrubia, Juan Miguel & Canseco Caballé, Manuel, 2002, Minerales de la Comunidad Valenciana : 237 p. Ed. Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo. Alicante
    Collection and photos of Adrian Pesudo
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Grimentz
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    USA
     
    • Nevada
      • Churchill Co.
        • Table Mountain District
          • Cottonwood Canyon
            • Bolivia
    [R.Tayler Minerals catalogue 70 p.2]
    Self collected by Brent Thorne
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