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|Name:||Named after locality.|
Shungite is elementary noncrystalline carbon with a metastable structure incapable of graphitization, it is also used as a term to describe a sequence of metamorphic rocks from the Karelia region of Russia containing such carbon. Fullerenes have been reported from such rock.
Originally desribed from Shun'ga area, Shun'ga village, Onega lake, Karelia Republic, Northern Region, Russia.
Classification of Shungite
|IMA status:||Not Approved|
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Physical Properties of Shungite
Other Names for Shungite
|Health Warning:||No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.|
References for Shungite
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 154.
Khavari-Khorasani, G., and D. G. Murchison (1979), The nature of Karelian shungite, Chemical Geology 26, 165-182(1979)
Heymann, D. (1995), search for ancient fullerenes in anthraxolite, shungite, and thucolite, Carbon 33(2),237-239(1995)
Gu, Y et al. (1995), Fullerenes and shungite, Carbon 33(6),862-863(1995)
Hettich, R.L and P.r.Buseck (1996), Concerning fullerenes in shungite, Carbon 34(5),685-687(1996)
Buseck, P.r. 92002), Geological fullerenes: review and analysis, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 203,781-792(2002)
Melezhik, V.A., et al. (2003), A giant Paleoproterozoic deposit of shungite in NW Russia: genesis and practical applications. Ore Geology Reviews 24, 135-154(2003)
Kwiecinska, B., et al. (2007), Physical properties of shungite, International J. of Coal Geology 71(4), 455-461(2007)
Augustyniak-Jablokow, M.A., et al. (2009), EPR and magnetism of the nanostructured natural carbonaceous material shungite. Phys.Chem.Mineralogyin press
Internet Links for Shungite
Localities for Shungite
The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
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