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Shungite

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Colour:Black
Name:Named after locality.


Shungite is elementary noncrystalline carbon with a metastable structure incapable of graphitization, it is also used as a term to describe a sequence of metamorphic rocks from the Karelia region of Russia containing such carbon. Fullerenes have been reported from such rock.

Originally desribed from Shun'ga area, Shun'ga village, Onega lake, Karelia Republic, Northern Region, Russia.

Classification of Shungite

IMA status:Not Approved
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Physical Properties of Shungite

Colour:Black

Other Names for Shungite

Synonyms:
Schungite
Other Languages:
German:Schungit
Shungit
Spanish:Schungita
Shungita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Shungite

Reference List:

- +
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 154.

Khavari-Khorasani, G., and D. G. Murchison (1979), The nature of Karelian shungite, Chemical Geology 26, 165-182(1979)

Heymann, D. (1995), search for ancient fullerenes in anthraxolite, shungite, and thucolite, Carbon 33(2),237-239(1995)

Gu, Y et al. (1995), Fullerenes and shungite, Carbon 33(6),862-863(1995)

Hettich, R.L and P.r.Buseck (1996), Concerning fullerenes in shungite, Carbon 34(5),685-687(1996)

Buseck, P.r. 92002), Geological fullerenes: review and analysis, Earth and Planetary Science Letters 203,781-792(2002)

Melezhik, V.A., et al. (2003), A giant Paleoproterozoic deposit of shungite in NW Russia: genesis and practical applications. Ore Geology Reviews 24, 135-154(2003)

Kwiecinska, B., et al. (2007), Physical properties of shungite, International J. of Coal Geology 71(4), 455-461(2007)

Augustyniak-Jablokow, M.A., et al. (2009), EPR and magnetism of the nanostructured natural carbonaceous material shungite. Phys.Chem.Mineralogyin press

Internet Links for Shungite

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  • Localities for Shungite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Salzburg
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Stubach valley
          • Enzingerboden
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
      • St Johann im Pongau
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • Styria
      • Liesing - Palten valley
        • Trieben
    Stur 1865
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Kitzbühel Alps
          • Brixen im Thale
    Vavtar, F. (1977): Drei Kupfer-Lagerstätten in den Kitzbüheler Alpen ("Brunnalm", "Blaufeldalm" und "Ottneralm") im Rahmen einer paläozoischen Genese. Veröffentl. d. Tiroler Landesmuseums Ferdinandeum 57, 153-162.
          • Hochfilzen
            • Eiblgraben
    Schulz, O. & Lukas, W. (1970): Eine Uranerzlagerstätte in permotriadischen Sedimenten Tirols. Tschermaks Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt. 14, 213-231.
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Katanga (Shaba)
      • Katanga Copper Crescent
    Paul De Bondt.
    India
     
    • Andhra Pradesh
      • YSR District (Cuddapah District)
        • Kadapa (Cuddapah)
          • Kodur Mandal
    K.S. Misra of the Geological Survey of India (GSI), 3rd International seminar & exhibition on exploration geophysics in Osmania University, Hyderabad on 9th November 2006.
    Russia
     
    • Northern Region
      • Karelia Republic
        • Eastern Karelia
          • Vozhmozero
    Kuleshevich, L.V., Tytyk, V.M., and Fedyuk, Z.N. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 607-613.
        • Lake Onega
    Buseck, P. R. et al. (1997) Shungites: The C-rich rocks of Karelia, Russia.
          • Shun'ga village
    Buseck, P. R. et al. (1997) Shungites: The C-rich rocks of Karelia, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 35: 1363-1378.
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
          • Satka District
    Krupenin, M.T. (2002): Boletim Paranaense de Geociências 50, 43-50.
    KRUPENIN, M. T. (2004). Comparison of Lower and Middle Riphean sparry magnesite deposits of the Southern Urals province. Boletim Paranaense de Geociências, 50
    USA
     
    • Michigan
      • Marquette Co.
        • Dead River Basin
    ID based on Raman spectrum by J. A. Jaszczak
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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