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Coffinite

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Formula:
(U4+,Th)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
System:
Tetragonal
Hardness:
5 - 6
This page provides mineralogical data about Coffinite.

Classification of Coffinite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
9.AD.30

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
D : Nesosilicates without additional anions; cations in [6] and/or greater coordination
51.5.2.4

51 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
5 : Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
14.16.2

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
16 : Silicates of U
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First Recorded Occurrence of Coffinite

Year of Discovery:
1954

Physical Properties of Coffinite

Hardness (Mohs):
5 - 6

Crystallography of Coffinite

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.97Å, c = 6.25Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.897
Unit Cell Volume:
V 303.63 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Coffinite

Type:
Uniaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nα = 1.730 - 1.750 nβ = 1.730 - 1.750
Max Birefringence:
δ = 1.730
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High

Chemical Properties of Coffinite

Formula:
(U4+,Th)(SiO4)1-x(OH)4x
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Al,Fe,As,V,Pb

Relationship of Coffinite to other Species

9.AD.05LarniteCa2SiO4
9.AD.10Calcio-olivineCa2SiO4
9.AD.15MerwiniteCa3Mg(SiO4)2
9.AD.20BredigiteCa7Mg(SiO4)4
9.AD.25AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
9.AD.25AlmandineFe32+Al2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25Calderite(Mn2+,Ca)3(Fe3+,Al)2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25GoldmaniteCa3V23+(SiO4)3
9.AD.25GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25HenritermieriteCa3(Mn3+,Al)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
9.AD.25HibschiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
9.AD.25HydroandraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
9.AD.25KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
9.AD.25KimzeyiteCa3(Zr,Ti)2((Si,Al,Fe3+)O4)3
9.AD.25KnorringiteMg3Cr2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25MajoriteMg3(Fe2+,Si,Al)2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25MorimotoiteCa3(Ti,Fe2+,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
9.AD.25PyropeMg3Al2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25SchorlomiteCa3(Ti,Fe3+)2((Si,Fe3+)O4)3
9.AD.25SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25UvaroviteCa3Cr2(SiO4)3
9.AD.25Wadalite(Ca,Mg)6(Al,Fe3+)4((Si,Al)O4)3O4Cl3
9.AD.25HoltstamiteCa3(Al,Mn3+)2(SiO4)2(OH)4
9.AD.25KerimasiteCa3Zr2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
9.AD.25ToturiteCa3Sn2(SiO4)(Fe3+O4)2
9.AD.25Momoiite(Mn2+,Ca)3V23+(SiO4)3
9.AD.25EltyubyuiteCa12Fe103+Si4O32Cl6
9.AD.25HutcheoniteCa3Ti2(SiAl2)O12
9.AD.30HafnonHfSiO4
9.AD.30Thorite(Th,U)SiO4
9.AD.30ZirconZrSiO4
9.AD.30StetinditeCe4+SiO4
9.AD.35HuttoniteThSiO4
9.AD.35Tombarthite-(Y)Y4(Si,H4)4O12-x(OH)4+2x
9.AD.40EulytineBi4(SiO4)3
9.AD.45ReiditeZrSiO4
14.16.1UranosiliteUO3 · 7SiO2
14.16.3Soddyite(UO2)2SiO4 · 2H2O
14.16.4SwamboiteUH6(UO2)6(SiO4)6 · 30H2O
14.16.5WeeksiteK2(UO2)2(Si5O13) · 4H2O
14.16.6Boltwoodite(K,Na)(UO2)[HSiO4] · 0.5H2O
14.16.7Natroboltwoodite(H3O)(Na,K)UO2SiO4 · H2O
14.16.8CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2[HSiO4]2 · 6H2O
14.16.9SklodowskiteMg(UO2)2[HSiO4]2 · 5H2O
14.16.10UranophaneCa(UO2)2[HSiO4]2 · 5H2O
14.16.11Uranophane-βCa(UO2)2(HSiO4)2 · 5H2O
14.16.12HaiweeiteCa(UO2)2[Si5O12(OH)2] · 6H2O
14.16.13MetahaiweeiteCa(UO2)2Si6O15 · nH2O
14.16.15Steacyite(◻,K)(Na,Ca)2(Th,U)[Si8O20]
14.16.16Ekanite(Ca,Fe2+,Pb)2(Th,U)[Si8O20]
14.16.17KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
14.16.18OrlitePb3(UO2)3(Si2O7)2 · 6H2O
14.16.19Oursinite(Co,Mg)(UO2)2[HSiO4]2 · 6H2O

Other Names for Coffinite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Coffinit
Simplified Chinese:水硅铀矿
硅铀矿
铀石
Spanish:Coffinita
Traditional Chinese:水矽鈾礦
矽鈾礦
鈾石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Coffinite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist: 41: 675-688.

Internet Links for Coffinite

Localities for Coffinite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
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