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Cohenite

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Formula:
(Fe,Ni,Co)
 
3
C
System:OrthorhombicHardness:5½ - 6
Name:
In honor of Emil Wilhelm Cohen (1842–1905), Professor of Mineralogy, University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany.


In technical iron alloys, cohenite is well-known as a synthetic phase and is called cementite.

Classification of Cohenite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:1/A.09-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:1.BA.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
B : Metallic Carbides, Silicides, Nitrides and Phosphides
A : Carbides
Dana 7th edition ID:1.1.24.1
Dana 8th edition ID:1.1.16.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Hey's CIM Ref.:2.11

2 : Carbides, Nitrides, Silicides and Phosphides
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Type Occurrence of Cohenite

Type Locality:Magura meteorite, Slanica, Námestovo, Námestovo Co., Žilina Region, Slovakia
Year of Discovery:1889

Physical Properties of Cohenite

Hardness (Mohs):5½ - 6

Crystallography of Cohenite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:a = 5.09Å, b = 6.74Å, c = 4.52Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.755 : 1 : 0.671
Unit Cell Volume:V 155.07 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Cohenite

Formula:
(Fe,Ni,Co)
 
3
C
Simplified for copy/paste:(Fe,Ni,Co)3C
Essential elements:C, Fe
All elements listed in formula:C, Co, Fe, Ni

Relationship of Cohenite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
1.BA.10Haxonite
(Fe,Ni)
 
23
C
 
6
1.BA.10Isovite
(Cr,Fe)
 
23
C
 
6
1.BA.15Tongbaite
Cr
 
3
C
 
2
1.BA.20Khamrabaevite
(Ti,V,Fe)C
1.BA.20Niobocarbide
(Nb,Ta)C
1.BA.20Tantalcarbide
TaC
1.BA.25Qusongite
WC
1.BA.30Yarlongite
Cr
 
4
Fe
 
4
NiC
 
4
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
2.1Moissanite
SiC
2.2Sinoite
Si
 
2
N
 
2
O
2.3Osbornite
TiN
2.4Tongbaite
Cr
 
3
C
 
2
2.5Carlsbergite
CrN
2.6Siderazot
Fe
 
5
N
 
2
2.7Gupeiite
Fe
 
3
Si
2.8Xifengite
Fe
 
5
Si
 
3
2.9Khamrabaevite
(Ti,V,Fe)C
2.10Haxonite
(Fe,Ni)
 
23
C
 
6
2.12Roaldite
(Fe,Ni)
 
4
N
2.13Suessite
(Fe,Ni)
 
3
Si
2.14Schreibersite
(Fe,Ni)
 
3
P
2.15Barringerite
(Fe,Ni)
 
2
P
2.16Perryite
(Ni,Fe)
 
5
(Si,P)
 
2

Other Names for Cohenite

Synonyms:
Cementite
Other Languages:
German:Cementit
Cohenit
Zementit
Russian:Когенит
Simplified Chinese:陨碳铁矿
陨碳铁
Spanish:Cementita
Cohenita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cohenite

Reference List:

- +
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume I: 122-123.

Transactions of the Royal Society of London: A286: 453-491.

Internet Links for Cohenite

Search Engines:
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  • Look for Cohenite on Wikipedia
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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Cohenite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Cohenite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Antarctica
     
    • Eastern Antarctica
      • Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land)
        • Queen Fabiola Mts (Yamato Mts)
    Twentieth Symposium on Antarctic Meteorites. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium, No. 9, held June 6-8, 1995, at the National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo. Editor in Chief, Hideyasu Kojima, with Naoya Imae, Makoto Kimura, Akira Shimoyama, Nobuo Takaoka. Published by the National Institute of Polar Research, 1996, p.79
    Twentieth Symposium on Antarctic Meteorites. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium, No. 9, held June 6-8, 1995, at the National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo. Editor in Chief, Hideyasu Kojima, with Naoya Imae, Makoto Kimura, Akira Shimoyama, Nobuo Takaoka. Published by the National Institute of Polar Research, 1996, p.79
      • Victoria Land
        • Allan Hills
    Nature 291:396-398 (1981)
    Twentieth Symposium on Antarctic Meteorites. Proceedings of the NIPR Symposium, No. 9, held June 6-8, 1995, at the National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo. Editor in Chief, Hideyasu Kojima, with Naoya Imae, Makoto Kimura, Akira Shimoyama, Nobuo Takaoka. Published by the National Institute of Polar Research, 1996, p.79
    Argentina
     
    • Chaco
      • Doce de Octubre Department
        • Gran Chaco
    Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.
    Australia
     
    • Victoria
      • Melbourne
        • Cranbourne
    Cohen, E. W. (1897): Meteoric iron from Beaconsfield, Australia. Sitz.-ber. Akad. Berlin, 1035-1050 (in German).
    • Western Australia
      • Dundas Shire
        • Mundrabilla Roadhouse
    Simpson, E.S. (1938), Some New and Little Known Meteorites Found in Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine: 25 (December, 1938): 157-171.
      • Meekatharra Shire
        • Belele Station
    Some New and Little Known Meteorites Found in Western Australia; E. Simpson, Mineralogical Magazine, Dec 1938, pp157-171
        • Bulloo Downs Station
    Some New and Little Known Meteorites Found in Western Australia; E. Simpson; Mineralogical Magazine, Dec 1938, pp157-171
        • Wonyulgunna Station
    Some New and Little Known Meteorites Found in Western Australia; E. Simpson; Mineralogical Magazine, Dec 1938, pp157-171
    Azerbaijan
     
    • Naxçıvan District (Naxcivan; Nakhichevan)
      • Shusha
    Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
    Brazil
     
    • Goiás
      • Uruaçu
    The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 86, 2002, July, p. A177
    Canada
     
    • Alberta
      • Abee
    Dawson, K. R.; Maxwell, J. A.; Parsons, D. E. () A description of the meteorite which fell near Abee, Alberta, Canada. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Volume 21, Issue 1-2, p. 127-127.
    China
     
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Changji Autonomous Prefecture (Sanji Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Mori Co. (Mulei Co.)
    Lin Xu, Bingkui Miao, Yangting Lin, and Ziyuan Ouyang (2008): Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43(8), 1263-1273
    Finland
     
    • Southwestern Finland Region
      • Huittinen
    Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
    Germany
     
    • Hesse
      • Kassel
        • Weimar
    P, Ramdohr, Ore Minerals and their Intergrowths, 2nd ed., vol 1, pg 355.
    Greenland
     
    • Qaasuitsup
    Contrib.Mineral Petrol (1981) 77:307-324; Pauly, H. (1969): White cast iron with cohenite, schreibersite, and sulphides from tertiary basalts on Disko, Greenland. Meddelelser fra Dansk Geologisk Forening, 19 (1), 28-26
    Ulff-Møller, F. (1985): Solidification History of the KitdlÎt Lens: Immiscible Metal and Sulphide Liquids from a Basaltic Dyke on Disko, Central West Greenland Journal of Petrology. 26,64-91.
    Hungary
     
    • Veszprém Co.
      • Bakony Mtns
        • Nagyvázsony
    Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min. Spec., 1993
    Mexico
     
    • Mexico
      • Jiquipilco (Xiquipilco)
    Bunch, T.E., Keil, K., and Olsen, E. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 25, 297-340.
    Poland
     
    • Małopolskie
      • Olkusz District
    Ref.: Kucha H., Jędrzejczyk B. 1995: Primary minerals of mining and metallurgical Zn-Pb dumps at Bukowno, Poland, and their stability during weathering. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 26, No 2, 75-99
    • Wielkopolskie
      • Poznan
    WOJCIECH STANKOWSKI, GEOCHRONOMETRIA Vol. 20, pp 103-106, 2001 ñ Journal on Methods and Applications of Absolute Chronology
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
        • Targhasa massif
    L. N. Novoselova, A. Yu. Lyul (1986) Geochemical characteristics of iron silicides from Lower Cambrian reefal limestones, Krasnoyarsk. International Geology Review 28:114-118
      • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
        • Taimyr Peninsula
          • Khatanga
            • Malaya Romanikha River
    P.M. Kartashov data
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
        • Tolbachik volcano
          • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
            • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
    Grebennikov, A. V. (2011). Silica-metal spherules in ignimbrites of southern Primorye, Russia. Journal of Earth Science, 22(1), 20-31.
      • Primorskiy Kray
        • Sikhote-Alin Mts
          • Paseka village
    H. J. Axon, J. Kinder, C. W. Haworth and J. W. Horsfield (1981) Carlsbergite, CrN, in Troilite, FeS, of the Sikhote Alin Meteoritic Iron. Mineralogical Magazine 44:107-109.
    Grebennikov, A. V. (2011). Silica-metal spherules in ignimbrites of southern Primorye, Russia. Journal of Earth Science, 22(1), 20-31.
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
          • Chelyabinsk coal basin
    Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Saudi Arabia
     
    • Mintaqah Ash Sharqiyah
      • Rub' al-Khali
    Meteoritics, Vol. 17, p.179
    Slovakia
     
    • Žilina Region
      • Námestovo Co.
        • Námestovo
          • Slanica
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    South Africa
     
    • Eastern Cape Province
      • Chris Hani District
    Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966)
    Sudan
     
    • Nar an Nil
    Y. Aoyagi, T. Mikouchi, C. A. Goodrich, Michael E. Zolensky (2013). Mineralogy of Grain Boundary Metal in Ureilitic Fragments of Almahata Sitta. 76th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, held July 29-August 7, 2013 in Edmonton, Canada. Published in Meteoritics and Planetary Science Supplement, id.5231. (Sept 2013)
    The Moon
    J. Frondel (2009), Lunar Mineralogy, Wiley Interscience
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Coconino Co.
        • Winslow
          • Meteor Crater and vicinity
    Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, vol. 31, Issue 4, pp.621-628
    • California
      • Modoc Co.
        • Goose Lake
    Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 59.
    • Georgia
      • Pulaski Co.
    Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences GGWRD Bull 92
    • Nevada
      • Clark Co.
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Texas
      • Ector Co.
        • Odessa
    J. I. Goldstein THE DISTRIBUTION OF Ge IN THE METALLIC PHASES OF SOME IRON METEORITES GODDARD SPACE FLIGHT CENTER
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