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Colusite

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Formula:
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(As,Sn,Sb)
 
6
S
 
32
System:IsometricColour:Bronze, pinkish bronze
Hardness:3 - 4
Member of:Colusite Group
Name:Named by R. E. Landon and A. H. Mogilnor in 1933 after the type locality, the East Colusa Mine in Butte, Montana, USA.

Classification of Colusite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/C.10-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.CB.30

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.
Dana 7th edition ID:3.1.1.1
Dana 8th edition ID:3.1.1.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
1 : ø > 4
Hey's CIM Ref.:6.4.3

6 : Sulphosalts - Sulphostannates, Sulphogermanates,Sulpharsenates, Sulphantimonates, Sulphovanadates and Sulphohalides
4 : Sulphovanadates
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Type Occurrence of Colusite

Type Locality:East Colusa Mine, Berkeley Pit, Butte, Butte District (Summit Valley District), Silver Bow Co., Montana, USA
Year of Discovery:1932
Geological Setting of type material:Hydrothermal copper veins

Physical Properties of Colusite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Bronze, pinkish bronze
Comment:Type locality has a pink cast to the mineral
Streak:Black
Hardness (Mohs):3 - 4
Hardness (Vickers):VHN100=322 - 379 kg/mm2
Tenacity:Very brittle
Cleavage:None Observed
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven, Splintery
Comment:Extremely brittle mineral, breakage looks as though fractures permeate the freshly broken surface when viewed with 30X manification.
Density (measured):4.2 - 4.5 g/cm3
Density (calculated):4.63 g/cm3
Comment:D= 4.44 [ICDD 9-0010]

Crystallography of Colusite

Crystal System:Isometric
Class (H-M):4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:P4 3n
Space Group Setting:P4 3n
Cell Parameters:a = 10.538(6) Å
Unit Cell Volume:V 1 ų
Z:1
Morphology:Granular, massive, tetrahedral crystals; also complex pyritohedrons at type locality.
Twinning:Rare on {111}
Crystal Atlas:
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Colusite - {210}, {111}, {110), modified

About Crystal Atlas

The mindat.org Crystal Atlas allows you to view a selection of crystal drawings of real and idealised crystal forms for this mineral and, in certain cases, 3d rotating crystal objects. The 3d models and HTML5 code are kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

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X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
3.07 (100)
2.65 (20)
1.88 (60)
1.60 (40)
1.32 (20)
1.22 (30)
1.09 (30)
1.02 (20)
Comments:ICDD 9-0010

Chemical Properties of Colusite

Formula:
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(As,Sn,Sb)
 
6
S
 
32
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu26V2(As,Sn,Sb)6S32
Essential elements:As, Cu, S, V
All elements listed in formula:As, Cu, S, Sb, Sn, V
Analytical Data:
R = 30.0 (540 nm)
Common Impurities:Zn,Fe,Te

Relationship of Colusite to other Species

Member of:Colusite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Germanocolusite
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(Ge,As)
 
6
S
 
32
Nekrasovite
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(Sn,As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
32
Stibiocolusite
Cu
 
13
V
 
4
(Sb,Sn,As)
 
3
S
 
16
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.CB.05aColoradoite
HgTe
2.CB.05aHawleyite
CdS
2.CB.05aMetacinnabar
HgS
2.CB.05cPolhemusite
(Zn,Hg)S
2.CB.05bSakuraiite
(Cu,Zn,Fe)
 
3
(In,Sn)S
 
4
2.CB.05aSphalerite
ZnS
2.CB.05aStilleite
ZnSe
2.CB.05aTiemannite
HgSe
2.CB.05UM1998-15-S:CuFeZn
Cu
 
2
Fe
 
3
Zn
 
5
S
 
10
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite
(Fe,Zn)S
2.CB.10aChalcopyrite
CuFeS
 
2
2.CB.10aEskebornite
CuFeSe
 
2
2.CB.10aGallite
CuGaS
 
2
2.CB.10bHaycockite
Cu
 
4
Fe
 
5
S
 
8
2.CB.10aLenaite
AgFeS
 
2
2.CB.10bMooihoekite
Cu
 
9
Fe
 
9
S
 
16
2.CB.10bPutoranite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
16
2.CB.10aRoquesite
CuInS
 
2
2.CB.10bTalnakhite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
8
S
 
16
2.CB.10aLaforêtite
AgInS
 
2
2.CB.15aČernýite
Cu
 
2
(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aFerrokesterite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aHocartite
Ag
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aIdaite
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
6
2.CB.15aKesterite
Cu
 
2
(Zn,Fe)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aKuramite
Cu
 
3
SnS
 
4
2.CB.15bMohite
Cu
 
2
SnS
 
3
2.CB.15aPirquitasite
Ag
 
2
ZnSnS
 
4
2.CB.15aStannite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15cStannoidite
Cu
+
6
Cu
2+
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)
 
3
Sn
 
2
S
 
12
2.CB.15aVelikite
Cu
 
2
HgSnS
 
4
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZn
Cu
 
8
(Fe,Zn)
 
3
Ge
 
2
S
 
12
(?)
2.CB.20Chatkalite
Cu
 
6
FeSn
 
2
S
 
8
2.CB.20Mawsonite
Cu
 
6
Fe
 
2
SnS
 
8
2.CB.30Germanite
Cu
 
13
Fe
 
2
Ge
 
2
S
 
16
2.CB.30Germanocolusite
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(Ge,As)
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Nekrasovite
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(Sn,As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Stibiocolusite
Cu
 
13
V
 
4
(Sb,Sn,As)
 
3
S
 
16
2.CB.30Ovamboite
Cu
 
20
(Fe,Cu,Zn)
 
6
W
 
2
Ge
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Maikainite
Cu
 
20
(Fe,Cu)
 
6
Mo
 
2
Ge
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.35aHemusite
Cu
 
6
SnMoS
 
8
2.CB.35aKiddcreekite
Cu
 
6
SnWS
 
8
2.CB.35aPolkovicite
(Fe,Pb)
 
3
(Ge,Fe)
 
1-x
S
 
4
2.CB.35aRenierite
(Cu,Zn)
 
11
(Ge,As)
 
2
Fe
 
4
S
 
16
2.CB.35aVinciennite
Cu
+
7
Cu
2+
3
Fe
2+
2
Fe
3+
2
Sn(As,Sb)S
 
16
2.CB.35aMorozeviczite
(Pb,Fe)
 
3
Ge
 
1-x
S
 
4
2.CB.35bCatamarcaite
Cu
 
6
GeWS
 
8
2.CB.40Lautite
CuAsS
2.CB.45Cadmoselite
CdSe
2.CB.45Greenockite
CdS
2.CB.45Wurtzite
(Zn,Fe)S
2.CB.45Rambergite
MnS
2.CB.45Buseckite
(Fe,Zn,Mn)S
2.CB.55aCubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.55bIsocubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.60Picotpaulite
TlFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.60Raguinite
TlFeS
 
2
2.CB.65Argentopyrite
AgFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.65Sternbergite
AgFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.70Sulvanite
Cu
 
3
VS
 
4
2.CB.75Vulcanite
CuTe
2.CB.80Empressite
AgTe
2.CB.85Muthmannite
AuAgTe
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
6.4.1Sulvanite
Cu
 
3
VS
 
4
6.4.2Arsenosulvanite
Cu
 
3
(As,V)S
 
4
6.4.4Nekrasovite
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(Sn,As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
32

Other Names for Colusite

Synonyms:
Collusite
Other Languages:
German:Collusit
Colusit
Russian:Колусит
Simplified Chinese:锡砷硫钒铜矿
Spanish:Collusita
Colusita

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Not fluorescent
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Colusite

Reference List:

- +
Schneiderhohn, Hans and Ramdohr, Paul (1931) Lehrbuch Erzmikroskopie.

Landon and Mogilnor (1933) Colusite, A new mineral of the sphalerite group. American Mineralogist: 18, 528-533.

Berman and Gonyer, American Mineralogist (1939): 24: 369-381.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 386-387.

Spry et al (1994) New occurrences and refined crystal chemistry of colusite, with comparisons to arsenosulvite. American Mineralogist: 79: 750-763.

Internet Links for Colusite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Colusite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Colusite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Afghanistan
     
    • Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province)
      • Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts
        • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
          • Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang)
    RWMW Collection
    Argentina
     
    • Catamarca
      • Andalgalá Department
    FRANCHINI, Marta et al. Alterationand mineralization along the central section of the Agua Rica deposit(27º26'S-66º16'O), Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 391-408
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
    PUTZ, Hubert; PAAR, Werner H and TOPA, Dan. A contributionto the knowledge of the mineralization at mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 514-524.
    PUTZ, Hubert; PAAR, Werner H and TOPA, Dan. A contributionto the knowledge of the mineralization at mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 514-524.
        • Cerro Atajo
    MARQUEZ-ZAVALIA, M. F. and GALLISKI, M. A.. Chatkalita, nekrasovita y otros minerales del grupo de la estannita de veta María Eugenia, Cerro Atajo, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.2, pp. 289-298.
    • La Rioja
      • Sierra de Famatina
    DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
    Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
    Brotkorb (2002): las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
    Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
    Armenia
     
    • Syunik' Province
      • Kafan District (Kapan)
    Mederer, J., Moritz, R., Zohrabyan, S., Vardanyan, A., Melkonyan, R., & Ulianov, A. (2014). Base and precious metal mineralization in Middle Jurassic rocks of the Lesser Caucasus: A review of geology and metallogeny and new data from the Kapan, Alaverdi and Mehmana districts. Ore Geology Reviews, 58, 185-207.
    Australia
     
    • Queensland
      • Charters Towers Region
    Wagner, T., Monecke, T. (2005) Germanium-bearing colusite from the Waterloo volcanic-rock-hosted massive sulfide deposit, Australia: Crystal chemistry and formation of colusite group minerals. Can. Mineral., 43, 655-669.
    Austria
     
    • Salzburg
      • Saalfelden
        • Leogang
          • Hütten
            • Schwarzleograben
              • Schwarzleo District
    Paar, W. H. & Chen, T. T. (1985): Zur Mineralogie von Cu-Ni(Co)-Pb-Ag-Hg-Erzen im Revier Schwarzleo bei Leogang, Salzburg, Österreich. Mitt. österr. geol. Ges. 78, 125-148.; A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    Bulgaria
     
    • Pazardzhik Oblast (Pazardjik Oblast)
      • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
        • Panagyurishte
    Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155
    • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
      • Chelopech
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; American Mineralogist (1966): 51: 29-36; Bonev, I.K.; Petrunov, R.; Cook, N. J.; Ciobanu, C. L. (2005): Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology. 42, 1-22
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Alberni Mining Division
        • Vancouver Island
          • Buttle Lake
    Economic Geology,(1996) Vol. 91-3, pp.507-526
    • Ontario
      • Cochrane District
        • Timmins area
          • Kidd Township
    ontariominerals.com; Canadian Mineralogist (1984) 22 (2), 227-232
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • El Loa Province
        • Calama
          • Chuquicamata District
    R.B. Cook: "Famous mineal locality; Chuquicamata, Chile": Mineralogical Record, sept.-oct. 1973
    • Tarapacá Region
      • El Tamarugal Province
        • Collahuasi district
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Katanga (Shaba)
      • Katanga Copper Crescent
    www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/STUMAT.pdf.
    France
     
    • Burgundy
      • Saône-et-Loire
        • Bourbon-Lancy
          • Chalmoux
    Am Min 79 750-762. Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Hungary
     
    • Heves Co.
      • Mátra Mtns
        • Recsk
    No reference listed
    Indonesia
     
    • Irian Jaya (New Guinea)
      • Papua Province
        • New Guinea
          • Carstensz Mts
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Italy
     
    • Tuscany
      • Lucca Province
        • Apuan Alps
          • Seravezza
    Orlandi et al., 1996. Minerals of the Seravezza Marble, Tuscany, Italy. Min. Rec., 27: 47-58. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
      • Massa-Carrara Province
        • Apuan Alps
    Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
    Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
    Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
    Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
    Am Min 79:750-762.; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 423-427 (1981)
    Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
    Van King
          • Massa
            • Casette
    [MinRec 33:162]
    Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
      • Abuta-gun
    Matsubara, S. and Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals. (National Science Museum, Tokyo)
      • Sapporo
    AmMin 85:628
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Shizuoka Prefecture
          • Shimoda City
            • Rendaiji
    Int Geol Congr (2008) Oslo. MRD-09
      • Tohoku Region
        • Akita Prefecture
          • Odate
    Matsukuma and Yui (1979) Report of the Research Institute for Underground Resources, Mining College of Akita University 43, 91-104 (in japanese)
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
      • Balkhash Region (Balqash; Karatas; Prebalkhashie)
        • Balkhash (Balqash)
    Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 655-669 (2005)
    • Otjozondjupa Region
      • Grootfontein District
        • Kombat
    Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
      • Otavi
    Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
    Norway
     
    • Nord-Trøndelag
      • Grong
        • Godejorda
    Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68 p. 23.
    Peru
     
    • Huánuco Department
      • Dos de Mayo Province
        • Huallanca District
    Rocks & Min.: 60:228.
    • Pasco department
      • Pasco province
        • Tinyahuarco district
          • Colquijirca mining district
    Economic Geology November 2009 vol. 104 no. 7 905-944
    Philippines
     
    • Luzon
      • Cordillera Administrative Region
        • Benguet Province
          • Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan)
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Mindanao
      • Soccsksargen Region
        • South Cotabato Province
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Russia
     
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
    V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
    Serbia
     
    • Bor District
      • Bor-Majdanpek mining district
        • Bor
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Sion (Sitten)
        • Granges (Lens)
    Ansermet, S., Meisser, N. & Cuchet, S. (2011): Ein Hauch Carrara im Wallis - zur Mineralogie des Steinbruchs La Plâtrière in Lens. Schweizer Strahler 2/2011, 2-17 (in German/French).
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Mule Mts
          • Warren District
    [MinRec 24:421]
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 182; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
      • Pinal Co.
        • Pinal Mts
          • Pioneer District
            • Superior
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 182; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Hammer, D.F. & D.W. Peterson (1968), Geology of the Magma mine area, AZ, in J.D. Ridge (editor), Ore deposits of the United States, 1933-1967, A.I.M.E.: 1282-1310.
    • Colorado
      • Hinsdale Co.
        • Lake City District (Lake District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
          • Lake City
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
        • Park District (Sherman District)
          • Cinnamon Pass
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • La Plata Co.
    USGS Bull 1434
      • Ouray Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
          • Red Mountain
    Min Rec (1986) 17:229-236
      • San Juan Co.
        • Red Mountain District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Montana
      • Fergus Co.
        • Warm Springs District (Gilt Edge District; Gold Hill District; Maiden District)
          • Cone Butte Sub-District
    Am Min 79:750-762.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:602-627
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
      • Silver Bow Co.
          • Butte
    The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
    Can Min 19 (1981), 423; Roberts et al., "Encyclopedia of Minerals". Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. 1974; Dana 7:I:387.
    Dana 7:I:387.
    Michael W. Kieron collection
    Geology and Ore Deposits of Butte District, Montana, W. Weed
    Handbook of Mineralogy
    The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
    The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
    • Nevada
      • Esmeralda Co.
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lander Co.
        • Lewis District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Mexico
      • Santa Fe Co.
        • La Bajada District
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd rev. ed., 1996
    • Utah
      • Juab Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • Tintic District
            • Eureka
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