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Colusite

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Formula:
Cu26V2(As,Sn,Sb)6S32
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Bronze, pinkish bronze
Hardness:
3 - 4
Member of:
Name:
Named by R. E. Landon and A. H. Mogilnor in 1933 after the type locality, the East Colusa Mine in Butte, Montana, USA.

Classification of Colusite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
2.CB.30

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.
Dana 7th ed.:
3.1.1.1
3.1.1.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
1 : ø > 4
6.4.3

6 : Sulphosalts - Sulphostannates, Sulphogermanates,Sulpharsenates, Sulphantimonates, Sulphovanadates and Sulphohalides
4 : Sulphovanadates
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-1113.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

First Recorded Occurrence of Colusite

Year of Discovery:
1932
Geological Setting of First Recorded Material:
Hydrothermal copper veins

Physical Properties of Colusite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Bronze, pinkish bronze
Comment:
Type locality has a pink cast to the mineral
Streak:
Black
Hardness (Mohs):
3 - 4
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN100=322 - 379 kg/mm2
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Splintery
Comment:
Extremely brittle mineral, breakage looks as though fractures permeate the freshly broken surface when viewed with 30X manification.
Density:
4.2 - 4.5 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.63 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
D= 4.44 [ICDD 9-0010]

Crystallography of Colusite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:
P4 3n
Space Group Setting:
P4 3n
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.538(6) Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1 ų
Z:
1
Morphology:
Granular, massive, tetrahedral crystals; also complex pyritohedrons at type locality.
Twinning:
Rare on {111}

Crystallographic forms of Colusite

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Colusite - {210}, {111}, {110), modified
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.07 (100)
2.65 (20)
1.88 (60)
1.60 (40)
1.32 (20)
1.22 (30)
1.09 (30)
1.02 (20)
Comments:
ICDD 9-0010

Chemical Properties of Colusite

Formula:
Cu26V2(As,Sn,Sb)6S32
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
R = 30.0 (540 nm)
Common Impurities:
Zn,Fe,Te

Relationship of Colusite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
GermanocolusiteCu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
StibiocolusiteCu13V4(Sb,Sn,As)3S16
2.CB.05aColoradoiteHgTe
2.CB.05aHawleyiteCdS
2.CB.05aMetacinnabarHgS
2.CB.05cPolhemusite(Zn,Hg)S
2.CB.05bSakuraiite(Cu,Zn,Fe)3(In,Sn)S4
2.CB.05aSphaleriteZnS
2.CB.05aStilleiteZnSe
2.CB.05aTiemanniteHgSe
2.CB.05UM1998-15-S:CuFeZnCu2Fe3Zn5S10
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)S
2.CB.10aChalcopyriteCuFeS2
2.CB.10aEskeborniteCuFeSe2
2.CB.10aGalliteCuGaS2
2.CB.10bHaycockiteCu4Fe5S8
2.CB.10aLenaiteAgFeS2
2.CB.10bMooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16
2.CB.10bPutoraniteCu9(Fe,Ni)9S16
2.CB.10aRoquesiteCuInS2
2.CB.10bTalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
2.CB.10aLaforêtiteAgInS2
2.CB.15aČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4
2.CB.15aFerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4
2.CB.15aHocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
2.CB.15aIdaiteCu5FeS6
2.CB.15aKësteriteCu2(Zn,Fe)SnS4
2.CB.15aKuramiteCu3SnS4
2.CB.15bMohiteCu2SnS3
2.CB.15aPirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4
2.CB.15aStanniteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4
2.CB.15cStannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
2.CB.15aVelikiteCu2HgSnS4
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZnCu8(Fe,Zn)3Ge2S12 (?)
2.CB.20ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8
2.CB.20MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8
2.CB.30GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16
2.CB.30GermanocolusiteCu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
2.CB.30NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
2.CB.30StibiocolusiteCu13V4(Sb,Sn,As)3S16
2.CB.30Ovamboite Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32
2.CB.30MaikainiteCu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
2.CB.35aHemusiteCu6SnMoS8
2.CB.35aKiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8
2.CB.35aPolkovicite(Fe,Pb)3(Ge,Fe)1-xS4
2.CB.35aRenierite(Cu,Zn)11(Ge,As)2Fe4S16
2.CB.35aVincienniteCu7+Cu32+Fe22+Fe23+Sn(As,Sb)S16
2.CB.35aMorozeviczite(Pb,Fe)3Ge1-xS4
2.CB.35bCatamarcaiteCu6GeWS8
2.CB.40LautiteCuAsS
2.CB.45CadmoseliteCdSe
2.CB.45GreenockiteCdS
2.CB.45Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
2.CB.45RambergiteMnS
2.CB.45Buseckite(Fe,Zn,Mn)S
2.CB.55aCubaniteCuFe2S3
2.CB.55bIsocubaniteCuFe2S3
2.CB.60PicotpauliteTlFe2S3
2.CB.60RaguiniteTlFeS2
2.CB.65ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3
2.CB.65SternbergiteAgFe2S3
2.CB.70SulvaniteCu3VS4
2.CB.75VulcaniteCuTe
2.CB.80EmpressiteAgTe
2.CB.85MuthmanniteAuAgTe2
6.4.1SulvaniteCu3VS4
6.4.2ArsenosulvaniteCu3(As,V)S4
6.4.4NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32

Other Names for Colusite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Colusite

Reference List:
Schneiderhohn, Hans and Ramdohr, Paul (1931) Lehrbuch Erzmikroskopie.

Landon and Mogilnor (1933) Colusite, A new mineral of the sphalerite group. American Mineralogist: 18, 528-533.

Berman and Gonyer, American Mineralogist (1939): 24: 369-381.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 386-387.

Spry et al (1994) New occurrences and refined crystal chemistry of colusite, with comparisons to arsenosulvite. American Mineralogist: 79: 750-763.

Internet Links for Colusite

Localities for Colusite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Afghanistan
 
  • Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province)
    • Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts
      • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
        • Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang)
RWMW Collection
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca
    • Andalgalá Department
FRANCHINI, Marta et al. Alterationand mineralization along the central section of the Agua Rica deposit(27º26'S-66º16'O), Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 391-408
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
PUTZ, Hubert; PAAR, Werner H and TOPA, Dan. A contributionto the knowledge of the mineralization at mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 514-524.
PUTZ, Hubert; PAAR, Werner H and TOPA, Dan. A contributionto the knowledge of the mineralization at mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 514-524.
      • Cerro Atajo
MARQUEZ-ZAVALIA, M. F. and GALLISKI, M. A.. Chatkalita, nekrasovita y otros minerales del grupo de la estannita de veta María Eugenia, Cerro Atajo, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.2, pp. 289-298.
  • La Rioja
    • Chilecito department
      • Chilecito
Brotkorb (2002): las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
    • Sierra de Famatina
DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
Armenia
 
  • Syunik' Province
    • Kafan District (Kapan)
Mederer, J., Moritz, R., Zohrabyan, S., Vardanyan, A., Melkonyan, R., & Ulianov, A. (2014). Base and precious metal mineralization in Middle Jurassic rocks of the Lesser Caucasus: A review of geology and metallogeny and new data from the Kapan, Alaverdi and Mehmana districts. Ore Geology Reviews, 58, 185-207.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Charters Towers Region
Wagner, T., Monecke, T. (2005) Germanium-bearing colusite from the Waterloo volcanic-rock-hosted massive sulfide deposit, Australia: Crystal chemistry and formation of colusite group minerals. Can. Mineral., 43, 655-669.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Schwarzleo District
Paar, W. H. & Chen, T. T. (1985): Zur Mineralogie von Cu-Ni(Co)-Pb-Ag-Hg-Erzen im Revier Schwarzleo bei Leogang, Salzburg, Österreich. Mitt. österr. geol. Ges. 78, 125-148.; A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Bulgaria
 
  • Pazardzhik Oblast (Pazardjik Oblast)
    • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
      • Levski
KOUZMANOV, K., RAMBOZ, C., BAILLY, L. & BOGDANOV, K. (2004): Genesis of high sulfidation vinciennite-bearing Cu-As-Sn (±Au) assemblage from the Radka epithermal copper deposit, Bulgaria: Evidence from mineralogy and infrared microthermometry of enargite. Can. Mineral. 42, 1501-1521.
      • Panagyurishte
Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
    • Chelopech
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; American Mineralogist (1966): 51: 29-36; Bonev, I.K.; Petrunov, R.; Cook, N. J.; Ciobanu, C. L. (2005): Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology. 42, 1-22
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Alberni Mining Division
      • Vancouver Island
        • Buttle Lake
Economic Geology,(1996) Vol. 91-3, pp.507-526
  • Ontario
    • Cochrane District
      • Timmins area
        • Kidd Township
ontariominerals.com; Canadian Mineralogist (1984) 22 (2), 227-232
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
R.B. Cook: "Famous mineal locality; Chuquicamata, Chile": Mineralogical Record, sept.-oct. 1973
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal Province
      • Collahuasi district
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/STUMAT.pdf.
France
 
  • Burgundy
    • Saône-et-Loire
      • Bourbon-Lancy
        • Chalmoux
Am Min 79 750-762. Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Greece
 
  • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
    • Évros Prefecture
      • Alexandroupoli (Alexandroupolis)
        • Pefka
Voudouris, P. (2006): A comparative mineralogical study of Te-rich magmatic-hydrothermal systems in northeastern Greece. Mineral. Petrol., 87, 241–275.
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Recsk
No reference listed
Indonesia
 
  • Irian Jaya (New Guinea)
    • Papua Province
      • New Guinea
        • Carstensz Mts
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Seravezza
Orlandi et al., 1996. Minerals of the Seravezza Marble, Tuscany, Italy. Min. Rec., 27: 47-58. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
    • Massa-Carrara Province
      • Apuan Alps
Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
Am Min 79:750-762.; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 19, pp. 423-427 (1981)
Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
Van King
        • Massa
          • Casette
[MinRec 33:162]
Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Abuta-gun
Matsubara, S. and Miyawaki, R. (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals. (National Science Museum, Tokyo)
    • Sapporo
AmMin 85:628
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Shizuoka Prefecture
        • Shimoda City
          • Rendaiji
Int Geol Congr (2008) Oslo. MRD-09; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Akita Prefecture
        • Odate
Matsukuma and Yui (1979) Report of the Research Institute for Underground Resources, Mining College of Akita University 43, 91-104 (in japanese)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Balkhash Region (Balqash; Karatas; Prebalkhashie)
      • Balkhash (Balqash)
Gramaccioli, C. M., 1985. Conoscere i minerali. I solfosali. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 96 pp
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 655-669 (2005)
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein District
      • Kombat
Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
    • Otavi
Kampunzu, A.B., Cailteux, J.L.H., Kamona, A.F., Intiomale, M.M., and Melcher, F. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 263-297.
Norway
 
  • Nord-Trøndelag
    • Grong
      • Godejorda
Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68 p. 23.
Peru
 
  • Huánuco Department
    • Dos de Mayo Province
      • Huallanca District
Rocks & Min.: 60:228.
  • Pasco department
    • Pasco province
      • Tinyahuarco district
        • Colquijirca mining district
Economic Geology November 2009 vol. 104 no. 7 905-944
Philippines
 
  • Luzon
    • Cordillera Administrative Region
      • Benguet Province
        • Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Mindanao
    • Soccsksargen Region
      • South Cotabato Province
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
Serbia
 
  • Bor District
    • Bor-Majdanpek mining district
      • Bor
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Sion (Sitten)
      • Granges (Lens)
Ansermet, S., Meisser, N. & Cuchet, S. (2011): Ein Hauch Carrara im Wallis - zur Mineralogie des Steinbruchs La Plâtrière in Lens. Schweizer Strahler 2/2011, 2-17 (in German/French).
Tanzania
 
  • Manyara Region
    • Simanjiro District
      • Lelatema Mts
Harrison et al., Mineralogical Record 45:553-570 (2014).
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 182; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Pinal Mts
        • Pioneer District
          • Superior
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 182; Barnes, R. & M. Hay (1983), Famous mineral localities: The Magma Mine, Min.Rec.: 14: 72-82; Hammer, D.F. & D.W. Peterson (1968), Geology of the Magma mine area, AZ, in J.D. Ridge (editor), Ore deposits of the United States, 1933-1967, A.I.M.E.: 1282-1310.
  • Colorado
    • Hinsdale Co.
      • Lake City District (Lake District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
        • Lake City
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Park District (Sherman District)
        • Cinnamon Pass
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • La Plata Co.
USGS Bull 1434
    • Ouray Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
        • Red Mountain
Min Rec (1986) 17:229-236
    • San Juan Co.
      • Red Mountain District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Montana
    • Fergus Co.
      • Warm Springs District (Gilt Edge District; Gold Hill District; Maiden District)
        • Cone Butte Sub-District
Am Min 79:750-762.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:602-627
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
    • Silver Bow Co.
        • Butte
The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
Can Min 19 (1981), 423; Roberts et al., "Encyclopedia of Minerals". Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. 1974; Dana 7:I:387.
Dana 7:I:387.
Michael W. Kieron collection
Geology and Ore Deposits of Butte District, Montana, W. Weed
Handbook of Mineralogy
The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Lewis District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Santa Fe Co.
      • La Bajada District
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd rev. ed., 1996
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
          • Eureka
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