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Cordylite-(Ce)

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Formula:
NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
System:
Hexagonal
Colour:
Colourless, yellowish; ...
Hardness:
Member of:
Name:
From the Greek κορδύ, club, in allusion to the shape of the crystals, and (Ce) due to the dominant REE being cerium.
The Ce-analogue of cordylite-(La).

Classification of Cordylite-(Ce)

Approved
5/C.07-170
5.BD.05

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
D : With rare earth elements (REE)
16a.1.7.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)(XO3)Zq
12.1.17

12 : Carbonates with other anions
1 : Carbonates with halides
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First Recorded Occurrence of Cordylite-(Ce)

Geological Setting of First Recorded Material:
Pegmatitic veins in nepheline-syenite.
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Physical Properties of Cordylite-(Ce)

Adamantine, Greasy, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless, yellowish; colourless to light yellow in transmitted light
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {0001}. (perhaps a parting)
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
4.31 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.61 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Cordylite-(Ce)

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Morphology:
Crystals short prismatic [0001] with hexagonal dipyramidal terminations. Crystals small, ofte with enlarged terminations on a slender prism, and sceptre-like.

Crystallographic forms of Cordylite-(Ce)

Crystal Atlas:
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Cordylite-(Ce) no.1 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Cordylite-(Ce) no.5 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Cordylite-(Ce) no.6 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Optical Data of Cordylite-(Ce)

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.775 nε = 1.598
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.177
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Dichroic:
O = greenish yellow
E = brownish yellow

Chemical Properties of Cordylite-(Ce)

Formula:
NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Cordylite-(Ce) to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
Cordylite-(La)(Na,Ca)Ba(La,Ce,Sr)2(CO3)4F
Unnamed (Cordylite-like (Ca0.5[]0.5)BaCe2[CO3]4F)Ca□Ba2Ce4[CO3]8F2
5.BD.05Lukechangite-(Ce)Na3Ce2(CO3)4F
5.BD.10Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
5.BD.10Kukharenkoite-(La)Ba2(La,Ce,Th)(CO3)3F
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
5.BD.15Cebaite-(Nd)Ba3(Nd,Ce)2(CO3)5F2
5.BD.18Arisite-(Ce)NaCe2(CO3)3-xF2x+1
5.BD.18Arisite-(La)NaLa2(CO3)3-xF2x+1
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(CO3)F
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(La)(La,Ce)(CO3)F
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Y)(Y,Ce)(CO3)F
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(CO3)(OH,F)
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,La)(CO3)(OH,F)
5.BD.20aHydroxylbastnäsite-(La)(La,Nd,Ce)(CO3)(OH,F)
5.BD.20bParisite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
5.BD.20bParisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
5.BD.20dRöntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La)(CO3)2F
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Y,Gd)(CO3)2F
5.BD.20cSynchysite-(Y)Ca(Y,Ce)(CO3)2F
5.BD.20aThorbastnäsiteTh(Ca,Ce)(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
5.BD.20aBastnäsite-(Nd)Nd(CO3)F
5.BD.25Horváthite-(Y)NaY(CO3)F2
5.BD.25Qaqarssukite-(Ce)Ba(Ce,REE)(CO3)2F
5.BD.35Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
12.1.1NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
12.1.2BarentsiteNa7Al(HCO3)2(CO3)2F4
12.1.3RouvilleiteNa3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3F
12.1.4ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2O
12.1.5DeferniteCa6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (x<0.5)
12.1.6BrenkiteCa2(CO3)F2
12.1.7Stenonite(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5
12.1.8Bastnäsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(CO3)F
12.1.9Bastnäsite-(La)(La,Ce)(CO3)F
12.1.10Bastnäsite-(Y)(Y,Ce)(CO3)F
12.1.11Parisite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
12.1.12Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
12.1.13Synchysite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La)(CO3)2F
12.1.14Synchysite-(Y)Ca(Y,Ce)(CO3)2F
12.1.15Synchysite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Y,Gd)(CO3)2F
12.1.16Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
12.1.19Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
12.1.20Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
12.1.21Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
12.1.22ThorbastnäsiteTh(Ca,Ce)(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
12.1.23PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
12.1.24BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
12.1.25AlbrechtschraufiteCa4Mg(UO2)2(CO3)6F2 · 17-18H2O
12.1.26KettneriteCaBiCO3OF

Other Names for Cordylite-(Ce)

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Basal sections exhibit concentric hexagonal zones of colourless and cloudy or opaque material together with radial sets of striae at times.

Readily soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cordylite-(Ce)

Reference List:
Flink,G. (1898): Meddelelser om Grønland: 14: 236.

Flink, G. (1899): Part I. On the Minerals from Narsarsuk on the Firth of Tunugdliarfik in South Greenland, p.8-180. In Flink, G., Bøgghild, O.B. & Winther, C. med inledende bemærkninger af Ussing, N. V. (1901): Undersøgelser af Mineralier fra Julianehaab indsamlet af G. Flink 1897. Meddelelser om Grønland. 24: 1-213 (p.42).

Bøggild (1906) Meddelelser om Grønland: 33: 101.

Oftedal (1931) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 79: 437.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 285-287.

Petersen, Ole V. and Secher, K.(1985) - Gronland: Mineralien, Geologie, Geschichte. - Verlag Bode & Partner K.G., Bochum, 87 pp.

G.Giester, et al.: "Cordylite-(Ce): Acrystalchemical investigation of material fromm four localities, including type material":American Mineralogist (1998): 83: 178-184.

Zemann, J. (2002): Cordylite – history and survival as a mineral species. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 2002, 255-264.


Internet Links for Cordylite-(Ce)

Localities for Cordylite-(Ce)

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Wicheeda Lake
Dalsin, M.L. (2013) The Mineralogy, Geochemistry and Geochronology of the Wicheeda Carbonatite Complex, British Columbia. M.Sc. Thesis, University of British Columbia, Vancouver.
      • Williston Lake
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Chen, T.T., Chao, G.Y. (1975), Cordylite from Mont St-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 13: 93-94; Giester, G., Ni, Y., Jarosch, D., Hughes, J.M. Ronsbo, J., Yang, Z. and Zemann, J. (1998), Cordylite-(Ce): A crystal chemical investigation of material from four localities, including type material. American Mineralogist: 83: 178-184.
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
      • Bayan Obo Mining District
        • Bayan Obo
Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.; Qingchang Meng (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(3), 10-17 ; Zonglin Hou (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(7), 1-5, 22
Miyawaki, R.,Shimazaki, H.,Shigeoka, M., Yokoyama, K.,Matsubara, S.,Yurimoto, H., Yang, Z., Zhang, P., Inoue, A., Kogure, T. and Jige, M.(2011): Fluorokinoshitalite and fluorotetraferriphlogopite; new species of fluoro-mica from Bayan Obo, Inner Mongolia, China. Clay Science. 15 (1), 13-18.
          • Dulahala
Yang, X.M., Yang, X.Y., Zheng, Y.F., and Le Bas, M.J. (2003): Mineralogy and Petrology 78, 93-110.
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Igaliku (Igaliko)
        • Narsaarsuk Plateau
Flink, G. (1899): Part I. On the Minerals from Narsarsuk on the Firth of Tunugdliarfik in South Greenland, p.8-180. In Flink, G., Bøgghild, O.B. & Winther, C. med inledende bemærkninger af Ussing, N. V. (1901): Undersøgelser af Mineralier fra Julianehaab indsamlet af G. Flink 1897. Meddelelser om Grønland. 24: 1-213 (p.42); Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages (p.158-160)
Malawi
 
  • Zomba District
A. Guastoni pers. comm. 2007 & Horváth specimen P. Kartashov probe anal.
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Vitim Plateau
          • Biraya and Bya Rivers confluence area (Chara Basin)
Koneva A.A., Konev A.A., Vladykin N.V. (2010) Vein complex of the Biraya carbonatite deposit. in Abstracts of XXVII International conference School «Geochemistry of Alkaline rocks». – Moscow-Koktebel’. pp. 240 pp.
A. Konev et al.: Eur. J. Min. 17(5):715–721 (2005)
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Khibiny Massif
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
Zaitsev A,N., Men'shikov Yu.P., Polezhaeva L.I., Latysheva L.G. (1990) Ba, Sr and REE minerals of late carbonatites of Khibiny massif. - Novye dannye po mineralogii Karelo-Kol'skogo regiona, KNC AN SSSR, Petrozavodsk, p. 76-79 (in Rus.).
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Northern Karelia
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/vuori.htm; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
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