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Cornwallite

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Formula:
Cu
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
System:MonoclinicColour:Verdigis green, ...
Hardness:
Name:
Named in 1846 by František Xaver Maximilian Zippe after Cornwall, England, wherein lies the type locality.
Dimorph of:Cornubite
Isostructural with:Pseudomalachite


The arsenate analogue of Pseudomalachite.
The monoclinic dimorph of Cornubite.

A secondary mineral formed by the oxidation of ore containing both copper and arsenic (e.g, tennantite).

Classification of Cornwallite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/B.11-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.BD.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4= 2:1
Dana 8th edition ID:41.4.2.2

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
4 : (AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Hey's CIM Ref.:20.1.4

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
1 : Arsenates of Cu
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Type Occurrence of Cornwallite

Type Locality:Wheal Gorland, St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines), Gwennap, Camborne - Redruth - St Day District, Cornwall, England, UK
Place of Conservation of Type Material:The Natural History Museum, London, England, MI 1985,1754.
Year of Discovery:1846
Geological Setting of type material:Copper bearing sulfide veins

Occurrences of Cornwallite

Geological Setting:Found in the oxidized zones of copper deposits.

Physical Properties of Cornwallite

Lustre:Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent, Opaque
Comment:Satiny or rough on surfaces from terminations of minute crystals.
Colour:Verdigis green, blackish-green, emerald-green; emerald-green in transmitted light.
Streak:Apple green
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
On one direction.
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density (measured):4.17 g/cm3
Density (calculated):4.64 g/cm3

Crystallography of Cornwallite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:P21/b
Space Group Setting:P21/a
Cell Parameters:a = 17.33Å, b = 5.82Å, c = 4.60Å
β = 92.22°
Ratio:a:b:c = 2.978 : 1 : 0.79
Unit Cell Volume:V 463.61 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Morphology:Microcrystalline, radial fibrous botyroidal to globular and vitreous crusts. Less common as rounded tabular to blocky crystals.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
4.60 (80)
3.53 (90)
3.22 (100)
3.10 (90)
3.02 (80)
2.478 (80)
2.414 (90)

Optical Data of Cornwallite

Type:Biaxial (+/-)
RI values: nα = 1.810 - 1.820 nβ = 1.815 - 1.860 nγ = 1.850 - 1.880
2V:Measured: 30° to 50°, Calculated: 34°
Birefringence:0.050
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.040 - 0.060

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:r > v

Chemical Properties of Cornwallite

Formula:
Cu
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Essential elements:As, Cu, H, O
All elements listed in formula:As, Cu, H, O

Relationship of Cornwallite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Pseudomalachite (see here)
Common Associates:
TyroliteStrashimiriteSpangoliteOliveniteMalachite
LavendulanCornubiteConichalciteClinoclaseChalcophyllite
BrochantiteAzuriteAustiniteArthurite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.BD.05Pseudomalachite
Cu
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
8.BD.05Reichenbachite
Cu
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
8.BD.10Arsenoclasite
Mn
2+
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
8.BD.10Gatehouseite
Mn
2+
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
8.BD.15Parwelite
Mn
 
10
Sb
 
2
As
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
24
8.BD.20Reppiaite
Mn
2+
5
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
8.BD.25Ludjibaite
Cu
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
8.BD.30Cornubite
Cu
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
20.1.1Lammerite
Cu
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
20.1.2Olivenite
Cu
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.1.3Clinoclase
Cu
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
3
20.1.5Cornubite
Cu
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
20.1.6Chlorotile (of Frenzel)
20.1.7Geminite
Cu(HAsO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
20.1.8Euchroite
Cu
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH) · 3H
 
2
O
20.1.9Strashimirite
Cu
 
8
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
20.1.10Arhbarite
Cu
 
2
Mg(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
3
20.1.11Lindackerite
CuCu
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8-9H
 
2
O
20.1.12Conichalcite
CaCu(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.1.13Liroconite
Cu
 
2
Al(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
20.1.14Ceruleite
Cu
 
2
Al
 
7
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
13
· 11.5H
 
2
O
20.1.15Chenevixite
Cu
 
2
Fe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
20.1.16Arthurite
CuFe
3+
2
(AsO
 
4
,PO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O

Other Names for Cornwallite

Synonyms:
Erinite (of Haidinger)
Other Languages:
German:Cornwallit
Russian:Корнваллит
Simplified Chinese:翠绿砷铜矿
Spanish:Cornwallita
Traditional Chinese:翠綠砷銅礦

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Not Fluorescent
Other Information:Soluble in nitric acid.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cornwallite

Reference List:

- +
Haidinger (1828) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 14: 228 (as Erinite).

Haidinger (1828) Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science: 4: 154 (as Erinite).

Turner (1828) Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science: 4: 155.

Zippe, F. X. M. (1847): Über den Cornwallit, eine neue Species des Mineralreichs. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Böhmischen Gesellschaft der Wissenschaften 4, 649-654.

Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the Mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. 483pp., London: 321.

Church (1868) Journal of the Chemical Society, London: 21: 276.

Hillebrand and Washington (1888) American Journal of Science: 35: 299.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 63, 72.

Berry, L.G. (1951) Observations on conichalcite, cornwallite, euchroite liroconite and olivenite. American Mineralogist: 36: 484–503.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 798-799 (as Erinite), 925.

Claringbull, G.F., M.H. Hey, and R.J. Davis (1959) Cornubite, a new mineral dimorphous with cornwallite. Mineralogical Magazine: 32: 1–5.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1999): 468-480.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 129.

Internet Links for Cornwallite

Search Engines:
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  • Look for Cornwallite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Cornwallite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Cornwallite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Specimens:The following Cornwallite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Cornwallite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Yancowinna Co.
        • Broken Hill
    Australian Mineralogist (1997): 3: 1.
    • South Australia
      • Flinders Ranges
        • North Flinders Ranges
    Uwe Kolitsch collection; Uwe Kolitsch collection
            • Yudnamutana District
    Personal collection of Mark Willoughby
    S Sorrell (pers comm)
    Hodkinson, I., Segnit, E.R. (1989) Olivenite and cornwallite from Wallace Gully, South Australia. Australian Mineralogist, Vol. 4. pg. 14-15.
      • Olary Province
        • Boolcoomatta Reserve (Boolcoomata Station; Boolcoomatta)
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
        • Mt Victor Plumbago Station
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    • Western Australia
      • Ashburton Shire
    [MinRec 24:203]
    Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
    Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
    Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
    Min.Record 24,203-218(1993)
      • East Pilbara Shire
        • Rudall River District
    Downes, P. J., Hope, M., Bevan, A. W. R. and Henry, D. A. (2006): Chalcocite and associated secondary minerals from the Telfer gold mine, Western Australia. Austral. J. Mineral. 12, 25-42.
    Austria
     
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Inn valley
          • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
            • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
              • Geyer - Silberberg District
                • Silberberg
    R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
              • Gratlspitz
    Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
              • Hof
    Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2010): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen: 7. Die Minerale des Bergbaus Hofer Tratte bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 61, 147-156.
          • Wörgl
            • Wildschönau
              • Thierbach
    R. Poeverlein, J. Gröbner & U. Kolitsch (2010): Mineralien und Bergbau vom Graschberg bei Thierbach in der Tiroler Wildschönau. Lapis 35 (3), 35-40; 54 (in German).
    R. Poeverlein, J. Gröbner & U. Kolitsch (2010): Mineralien und Bergbau vom Graschberg bei Thierbach in der Tiroler Wildschönau. Lapis 35 (3), 35-40; 54 (in German).
    Brazil
     
    • Bahia
      • Rio do Pires
    Luiz Alberto Dias Menezes Filho
    sergio varvello collectino
    Bulgaria
     
    • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
      • Svoge Obshtina
        • Bov
    Mincheva-Stefanova, I. (1968): Strashimirite, a new hydrous copper arsenate. Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 97, 470-477 (in Russian). [Abstract in Am. Mineral. 54 (1969) 1221];
    Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001): Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. - Compt. rend. Acad. bulg. Sci., 54, 6, 39-42.
    • Vratsa Oblast (Vratza)
      • Balkan Mts (Stara Planina)
    Minceva-Stefanova, J. (2001). Arsenate minerals diversity in oxidation zones of the polymetallic stratabound deposits in Western Balkan Mountain. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 54(6), 39.
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • Antofagasta Province
        • Santa Catalina
    Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
    • Atacama Region
      • Copiapó Province
    In the collection of Brent Thorne. Collected by Terry Szenics.
    • Coquimbo Region
      • Choapa Province
        • Combarbalá
          • Cogotí
    Arturo Molina and Maurizio Dini collection
    China
     
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Baise Prefecture
        • Debao Co.
    Lairen Lai and Yi Li (1989): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 8(1); Yi Li and Lairen Lai (1991): Acta Mineralogica Sinica, English Edition 4(2), 187-194; Yi Li (2001): Guangxi Geology 14(1), 61-64
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
          • Krásno (Schönfeld)
    Petr Pauliš (2000): Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech, Kuttna, Kutná Hora; Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
    Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
      • Ústí Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Dubí (Eichwald)
    Sejkora, J.: Minerály ložiska Moldava v Krušných horách. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 110-116.
    France
     
    • Alsace
      • Bas-Rhin
        • Villé Valley
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
      • Haut-Rhin
        • Fecht valley (Munster valley)
          • Munster
    J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
          • Zimmerbach
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
        • Rouffach
          • Osenbach
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
        • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Hérault
        • Lodève
    [Le Règne Minéral 1997, 13, p.5-18]
    • Lorraine
      • Vosges
        • St Dié
          • Saulcy-sur-Meurthe
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
        • Val-d'Ajol
          • Faymont
            • Les Roches valley - Bois de la Vèche area
    J.C. Escande, Z. Johan, J. Lougnon, P. Picot, F. Pillard : "Note sur la présence de minéraux de bismuth dans un filon de barytine et fluorine à Faymont, près Le Val-d'Ajol (Vosges)", Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. , 1973, 96, 398-399.
    Lheur C., Moreau F. (1994), Les minéralisations du filon du Bas Hérival près du Val d'Ajol (Vosges), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 3-14
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Aveyron
        • Monteils
    - Favreau G., Eytier J-R., Eytier C. (2010), Les minéraux de la mine de Falgayrolles (Aveyron), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°109
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Var
        • Le Pradet
    [UKJMM 2:11-15 "Cap Garonne Secondary Copper and Lead - W.R. van den Berg"]
    CLAUDE Jean Marie Collection and trouvaille personnelle
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Rhône
        • Beaujeu
          • Les Ardillats
    Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
        • Poule-les-Echarmeaux
    Valverde J. (1999), L'ancienne mine de plomb argentifère de Longefay (Rhône), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°4, pp: 14-24
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Baden-Baden
          • Kälbelberg
    No reference listed
        • Baiersbronn
          • Schönegründ
    No reference listed
        • Calw
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
        • Emmendingen
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Freudenstadt
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
        • Gengenbach
          • Haigerach valley
    Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
        • Haslach
          • Steinach
    Hahn, F. (1991): Zum Mineralbestand des Steinbruchs Artenberg bei Steinach. 2. Folge. Der Erzgräber, 5 (2), 61-64.
        • Schapbach
          • Tiefenbach valley
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Burgfelsen
    No reference listed
            • Heubach Valley
    No reference listed
        • Villingen
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Spessart
          • Hösbach
            • Sailauf
              • Hartkoppe
    see locality page
          • Schöllkrippen
            • Sommerkahl
    No reference listed
    • Hesse
      • Odenwald
        • Lautertal (Odenwald)
          • Reichenbach
            • Hohenstein
    Lapis 25(2), 13-30 (2000)
    Belendorff, K & Petitjean, K. (1987): Reichenbach im Odenwald. Die Mineralien von Fundpunkt 16.1. bei Reichenbach. LAPIS 12 (10), 23-32 + 58
    Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Bad Lauterberg
    Koch, H.-P. (2008): Die Minerale der Grube "Frische Lutter" bei Bad Lauterberg, Harz (Teil 1). Aufschluss 59, 65-76.
    Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1991): Mineralogische Notizen V, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 42, 155-171
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Bergisches Land
        • Rösrath
          • Hoffnungsthal
    min max
      • Siegerland
        • Eiserfeld
    Henrich, M. (2008): Neues von der Grube Eisenzecher Zug. Mineralien-Welt 19 (5), 16-25.
        • Gosenbach
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Littfeld
          • Silberg
    Mineralien-Welt 19 (1), 28-35.
        • Müsen
    Reinhardt, M. (2010): Die Mineralien der Grube Wildermann bei Müsen im Siegerland. Lapis 35 (11), 13-28; 54
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Palatinate
        • Winnweiler
          • Imsbach
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Siegerland
        • Gebhardshain
          • Kausen
    Wittern: "Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland", 2001
      • Westerwald
        • Wied Iron Spar District
          • Neuwied
            • Puderbach
    Lapis, 9 (9), 31-38.
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
          • Bärenstein
            • Niederschlag
    Lapis, 19 (4), 13-22+50.
    Lapis 30(7/8):78-80 (2005)
        • Schwarzenberg District
          • Langenberg
    Lapis, 17 (7/8), 51-58+90.
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
    No reference listed
    GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
    Hungary
     
    • Fejér Co.
      • Velencei Mtns
        • Lovasberény
    No reference listed
    Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral species of Hungary, 2005
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Kerry
      • Beara
        • Tuosist
    Moreton, S. & Green, D.I. (2006) UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, No. 27, p41-4.
    Italy
     
    • Liguria
      • Genova Province
        • Ne
    [MinRec 32:360]
    Redazionale (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia del Ferrania Club, 19 , 3-5.
            • Reppia
    Redazione (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia Ferrania Club, 19, 3-5.
      • La Spezia Province
        • Rocchetta Vara
    probed by Balestra C.
    • Lombardy
      • Sondrio Province
        • Valtellina
          • Valfurva
    Bedognè,F,,Montrasio; A. & Sciesa;E. (2006): I minerali della media-alta Valtellina delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Bettini, Sondrio, Italia, 255.
    • Piedmont
      • Torino Province
        • Lanzo Valleys
          • Viù Valley
            • Usseglio
    Boscardin M.,Gaetani E.,Mattioli V. (1994)-Olivenite ed altre novità di Punta Corna,Valle di Viù,Piemonte-Rivista Mineralogica Italiana,Milano-Fasc. 2,pp 113-121
    • Sardinia
      • Cagliari Province
        • Muravera
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Brizzi G., (1993): Sarrabus Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", 208 pp.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kinki Region
        • Nara Prefecture
          • Goze City
    Ohori and Kobayashi (1996) Chigaku Kenkyu, 44, 223-232.
    Ohori and Kobayashi (1996) Chigaku Kenkyu, 44, 223-232.
    Mexico
     
    • Chihuahua
      • Mun. de Urique
        • Urique
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    • Sonora
      • Cerro Morita
    Mineralogical Magazine 1972 38 : 541-544.
    Mongolia
     
    • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
      • Altai Mts
    P.M. Kartashov data
    Morocco
     
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Djebel Saghro (Jbel Saghro)
          • Imiter District
    Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2009): Imiter, der größte Silberbergbau Marokkos: Geologie, Bergbaugeschichte und Mineralien. Lapis 34 (12), 15-43; 62 (in German).
        • Tazenakht
          • Bou Azer District (Bou Azzer District)
            • Aghbar
    Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
            • Khder
    Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Gebhard, G. (1999) Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany. 284 (in English); Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 510 pp (in English).
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
        • Czarnów
          • Rędziny
    Domańska, J.: Rędziny. Otoczak, nr. 29, p. 38-52; Gołębiowska B., A. Pieczka, & W. Franus: "Olivenite-adamite solid solution from oxidation zone in Redziny (West Sudetes, Poland)": Mineralogia Polonica 37 (2006) 101-111.
        • Jelenia Góra District
    Siuda R., Kruszewski L., 2006: New data on bayldonite, cornwallite, olivenite and philipsburgite from Miedzianka (Rudawy Janowickie Mts., Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica Special Papers, 28, 202-204
    Portugal
     
    • Aveiro District
      • Albergaria-a-Velha
        • Branca
    J. Marques de Sá & C. Leal Gomes. LES MINES DE CUIVRE ET NICKEL DE PALHAL ET TELHADELA, PORTUGAL. Le Reigne Mineral, nº92. 2010
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Banská Bystrica Co.
        • Ľubietová (Libetbánya; Libethen)
    Pauliš,P.,Ďuďa,R.,2002: Nejzajímavejší mineralogická naletište Slovenska. Kuttna,K.Hora, 136p
        • Poniky
    Hyršl, J., Korbel, P., Šourek, J. (1984): Cornubit a cornwallit z Farbiště u Ponické Lehotky. Čas. Mineral. Geol., 29, 4, 433-434.
        • Špania Dolina (Herrengrund)
    Števko M., Sejkora J. 2012: Supergene arsenates of copper from Špania Dolina-Piesky deposit, Central Slovakia. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Actract Series 7, 130.
    • Košice Region
      • Gelnica Co.
        • Gelnica (Göllnitz)
    Sejkora J., Ďuďa R., Novotná M., 2001: Minerály oxidační zóny žíly Krížová, Gelnica, Slovenské Rudohorie. Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz., 9, 121-139.
      • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
        • Spišská Nová Ves Mining District
          • Novoveská Huta
    Řídkošil, T. (1978): Novoveská Huta-nová lokalita vzácnych druhotných nerostu mědi. Čas. Mineral. Geol., 23, 2, 214.
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    South Africa
     
    • Limpopo Province
      • Sekhukhune District
        • Marble Hall
    Robert O. Meyer collection; Dr. Hans Börner collection
    Minerals of South Africa
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Almería
        • Huércal-Overa
          • Cuesta Alta
            • Cerro Minado Mines
    FAVREAU et al. (2013)
        • Níjar
          • Rodalquilar
    S.Rust collection
    • Castile-La Mancha
      • Guadalajara
        • Pardos
    J. Gröbner und B. Sainz de Barranda (1999): Die Mineralien der Kupfergrube bei Pardos in der Provinz Guadalajara, Spanien. Mineralien-Welt 10 (4), 26-31. (in German)
    • Murcia
      • Lorca
    MinRec-2003-0708-315
      • Mazarrón-Águilas
        • Pastrana
    P Haas collection
    - Sainz de Baranda, B.,González de Tánago, J. y Viñals, J. (2003). Secondary minerals of the Mazarrón-Águilas mining distric. Murcia province, Spain. The Minerlógical Record, 34, 315-334.
    • Valencian Community
      • Castellón
        • Castellnovo
          • The Mine
    CASANOVA HONRUBIA, JUAN MIGUEL & CANSECO CABALLÉ, MANUEL, 2002, Minerales de la Comunidad Valenciana : 237 p. Ed. Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo. Alicante
        • Chóvar
          • Bellota ravine
    Joan Vinals & Miguel Calvo (2007) Corderoite, Kenhsuite and Perroudite, mercury sulphohalides from Chovar (Xovar), Castello, Spain. Mineral Up, June 2007.
        • Vall d'Uixó
          • La Corraliza
    Casanova Honrubia, Juan Miguel & Canseco Caballé, Manuel, 2002, Minerales de la Comunidad Valenciana : 237 p. Ed. Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo. Alicante
        • Villahermosa del Rio
          • San Rafael claim
    Collection and photos of Adrian Pesudo
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Bagnes Valley
        • Bruson
    Cuchet, S., Ansermet, S. & Meisser, N. (2012): Die kupferhaltige Mineralisierung am Six Blanc im Wallis. Schweizer Strahler 46 (4), 2-16 (in German and French).
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Callington District
          • Calstock
            • Gunnislake
    Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
        • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
          • Carharrack
            • West Clifford United Mines
    Bruce, I, & D. Aubrey-Jones (1998) UKJMM 19:18-23
          • Carn Brea
            • Carn Brea and Tincroft United Mine
    No reference listed
          • Gwennap
            • Crofthandy
    No reference listed
            • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    No reference listed
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • Liskeard District
          • Linkinhorne
            • Minions
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • Mount's Bay District
          • St Hilary
    No reference listed
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • St Erth - Gwithian Area
          • Gwinear-Gwithian
            • Fraddam
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Mineralogical Magazine 1959 32 : 1-5.; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • St Just District
          • St Just
            • Botallack
    Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
    Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
    No reference listed
    BMS Database
            • Potts Gill
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    BMS Database
      • Devon
        • North Devon
          • North Molton
    BMS Collection
        • Tavistock District
          • Tavistock Hamlets
    [Ian Bruce, 1996 - pers. comm.] and BMS collection
            • Devon Great Consols
    Collected Dec 2004
    Collected Dec 2004
    • Scotland
      • Strathclyde (Lanarkshire)
        • South Lanarkshire
          • Leadhills
            • Mine Hill
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 798.
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
        • Kaiyuh District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Tombstone Hills
          • Tombstone District
    Bruce J. Murphy collection; Raman, Bob Jenkins, University of Arizona, May 2014
      • Yavapai Co.
        • Bradshaw Mts (Bradshaw Range)
          • Agua Fria District
            • Mayer
    Rolf Luetcke
              • Copper Mountain
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 177, 188.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 188.
    • California
      • Plumas Co.
        • Diamond Mts
          • Last Chance District
            • Adams Peak
    Dunning, G.E., Cooper, J.F. (2005) Mineralogy of the Spring Creek area, Last Chance mining district, Plumas County, California. Axis: 1: 1-30.
      • Sierra Co.
        • Antelope Valley
          • Loyalton
    Mineralogical Record 24: 381
    • Montana
      • Granite Co.
        • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
          • John Long Mts
            • Black Pine Ridge
    Martin Jensen and Tony Nikischer (2012) Some notes on the mineralogy of the Black Pine Mine, Granite County, Montana. Mineral News, 28, #6, 1-10.
      • Silver Bow Co.
    The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen
          • East Ridge
            • Silver Bow Park
    Min. Rec. 33:1
    • Nevada
      • Churchill Co.
        • Truckee District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Esmeralda Co.
        • Weepah District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lander Co.
        • Cortez District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Mineral Co.
        • Fitting District
          • Luning
            • Rhyolite Pass
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Nye Co.
        • Lodi District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
    Tom Loomis specimen; Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
      • Pershing Co.
        • Antelope District
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Ameican Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 704-708, 1978
    Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
      • Washoe Co.
        • Pyramid District
    Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
    • New Mexico
      • Doña Ana Co.
        • Organ Mts
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
    • Utah
      • Juab Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • Tintic District
    Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1092; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579, 798.
            • Eureka
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 798; Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
            • Mammoth
    Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
    Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1092; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 562; Rocks & Minerals: 63: 130.
      • San Juan Co.
        • Big Indian District (Big Indian Wash - Lisbon Valley Area)
    R&M 68:6 p372-380
    R&M 68:6 p381-393
      • Tooele Co.
        • Deep Creek Mts
          • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
    Mineral Collector 1:12 p179
            • Gold Hill
    Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
    Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
    Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22; Adams, P.M. (2005): Zalesiite from the Gold Hill Mine, Toole County, Utah. Mineral News, 21(8), 1; 3; 5.
    Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
      • Utah Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • East Tintic District
    SEM-EDS analzyed by Dr. Rob Bowell.
    Zimbabwe
     
    • Mashonaland West
      • Kadoma District
    Vetter, U., Weck, H.-D., Weale, T., Klosa, D., Wittich, C. and Hoffmann, K. (1999): A provisional inventory of the Sanyati oxide-zone minerals, Zimbabwe. Z. Angew. Geol. 45, 15-21.
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