Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Crossite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Charles Whitman Cross
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Blue
Hardness:
6
Name:
Named in 1894 by Charles Palache for Charles Whitman Cross [September 1, 1854 Southampton near Amherst, Massachusetts - April 20, 1949 Chevy Chase, Maryland]. Cross was a petrologist the the United States geological Survey and was widely regarded as the greatest field petrologist of his generation. He was important in classifying igneous rocks, etc.
Isostructural with:
A discontinued amphibole name.
Intermediate between the riebeckite group and the glaucophane group.

Originally described from North Berkeley, Alameda Co., California, USA.

Classification of Crossite

Discredited 1997
16.20.4

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
20 : Aluminosilicates of Fe, Mg and alkalis
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-1160.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Physical Properties of Crossite

Vitreous
Colour:
Blue
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
6

Crystallography of Crossite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic

Optical Data of Crossite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.640 - 1.659 nβ = 1.645 - 1.666 nγ = 1.652 - 1.670
2V:
Measured: 12° to 65°, Calculated: 72° to 82°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.012
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
very strong

Relationship of Crossite to other Species

16.20.1Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
16.20.2Sodium-anthophyllite
16.20.3Sodium Gedrite
16.20.5Ferro-eckermanniteNaNa2(Fe2+,4Al)Si8O22(OH)2
16.20.6Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4
16.20.8LennilenapeiteK6-7(Mg,Mn,Fe,Zn)48(Si,Al)72(O,OH)216 · 16H2O
16.20.9Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
16.20.10Glauconite(K,Na)(Fe3+,Al,Mg)2(Si,Al,Fe3+)4O10)(OH)2

Other Names for Crossite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Crossite

Reference List:
Bernard E. Leake (1978): Nomenclature of amphiboles, American Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 1023-1052

LEAKE, B.E.,WOOLLEY, A.R., ARPS, C.E.S., BIRCH, W.D., GILBERT, M.C., GRICE, J.D., HAWTHORNE, F.C., KATO, A.,KISCH, H.J., KRIVOVICHEV, V.G., LINTHOUT, K., LAIRD, J.,
MANDARINO, J.A., MARESCH, W.V., NICKEL, E.H., ROCK, N.M.S., SCHUMACHER, J.C., SMITH, D.C., STEPHENSON, N.C.N., UNGARETTI, L., WHITTAKER, E.J.W. & GUO,YOUZHI (1997): Nomenclature of amphiboles: report of the Subcommittee on Amphiboles of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names. Can. Mineral. 35, 219-246.

Internet Links for Crossite

Localities for Crossite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Abtenau
      • Rigaus
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
      • Seydegg
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    • Golling
      • Grabenbach area
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
  • Styria
    • Bad Aussee
      • Wienern
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Pinchi Lake
Ghent, E.D., Stout, M.Z., erdmer, P. (1990) Howieite in blueschists, Pinchi Lake, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist, 28, 855-858.
China
 
  • Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Mudanjiang Prefecture
      • Muling Co.
Huiwen Ye, Xingzhou Zhang, and Yuwen Zhou (1994): Journal of Changchun University of Science and Technology 39(4)
Huiwen Ye, Xingzhou Zhang, and Yuwen Zhou (1994): Journal of Changchun University of Science and Technology 39(4)
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Ngari Prefecture
      • Gêrzê Co. (Gaize Co.)
Kapp, P., Yin, A., Manning, C.E., Murphy, M., Harrison, T.M., Spurlin, M., Lin, D., Xiguang, D., and Cunming, W. (2000): Geology 28(1), 19-22.
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
Gao Jiu, Klemd, R., Zhang Lifei, Wang Su, and Xiao Xiong (1999): Journal of Metamorphic Geology 17(6), 621-636.
      • Tekesi Co. (Tekes Co.)
        • Kekesu river valley
Jun Gao, Guoqi He, Maosong Li, Xuchang Xiao, Yaoqing Tang, Jun Wang, and Min Zhao (1995): Tectonophysics 250(1-3), 151-168
      • Zhaosu Co.
Xin Liu, Wen Su, Jun Gao, Jilei Li, and Tuo Jiang (2013): Acta Petrologica Sinica 29(5), 1675-1684
Lifei Zhang, Jun Gao, Ekebair, S., and Zongxiu Wang (2001): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 44(1), 85-96.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Kraslice (Graslitz)
Beran, P.: Mineralogie ložiska Cu (Ag, Au, Co) rud Tisová u Kraslic. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 65-77.
France
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • Saint-Véran area
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain, "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France : Hautes-Alpes", BRGM, 1972
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
        • Sifnos Island
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 619-634.
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 607-623.
  • Peloponnese Department (Peloponnisos)
    • Lakonia Prefecture (Laconia)
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1991, 3, pp. 343-366.
  • South Aegean Department
    • Dodekánisos Prefecture (Dodekánissa)
      • Dodecanese Islands
        • Arki Island (Arkioi)
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1992, 4, pp. 527-537.
  • Sterea Hellas Department
    • Évvoia Prefecture
P. Xypolias, I. Iliopoulos, V. Chatzaras, and S. Kokkalas (2012) Subduction- and exhumation-related structures in the Cycladic Blueschists: Insights from south Evia Island (Aegean region, Greece)TECTONICS, VOL. 31, 22pp
Hungary
 
  • Vas Co.
    • Vas Hill
      • Felsõcsatár (Felsöcsatár)
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min.Spec., 1993
India
 
  • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
    • Jaipur Division
Sarkar, S. C., Bhattacharyya, P. K., and Mukherjee, A. D., 1980, Evolution of the Sulfide Ores of Saladipura, Rajasthan, India, Economic Geology, 75:1152-1167.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Saint-Marcel
Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156
Martin, S., Tartarotti, P. (1989): Polyphase HP metamorphism in the ophiolitic glaucophanites of the lower St. Marcel valley (Aosta, Italy). Ofioliti, 14, 135-156.
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
Wilhelm, O (1921): Beitrag zur Glaukofananfrage von Graubünden. Eclogae geol. Helv., 16, 482-485. Zurflüh, E. (1961): Zur Geologie der Monte Spluga. Mitt. Geol. Inst. ETH Zürich, Serie C, 83, 117 pp.
Jamaica
 
  • Saint Thomas Parish
    • Union Hill
Geol. Soc. of America Bulletin, V 97, N 1, pp. 48-60, 1986.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Iwakuni City
Nishimura, Y. (1971) Regional metamorphism of the Nishiki-cho district, southwest Japan. Journal of Science of the Hiroshima University, Series C (geology and mineralogy), 6, #3, 203-268.
  • Shikoku Island
    • Kochi Prefecture
      • Kochi City
        • Rendai
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 13 (1986) , No. 6 pp368-375
    • Tokushima prefecture
      • Yoshinogawa City
        • Yamakawa-cho
Banno, S. (1959) Journ. Geol. Soc. Japan, 65, 658.
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Otago
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
    • West Coast (Westland)
      • South Westland
A. F Cooper (1971) Carbonatites and Fenitization Associated with a Lamprophyric Dike-Swarm Intrusive into Schists of the New Zealand Geosyncline. GSA Bulletin 82:1327-1340
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Rimavská Sobota Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Košice Region
    • Košice Co.
C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
South Korea
 
  • Gangwon-do (Kangwon-do; Gang'weondo)
Handbook of Mineralogy
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Zermatt - Saas Fee area
      • Saas Valley
        • Saas Almagell
Christian Bracke Collection
Taiwan
 
  • Taiwan Province
    • Hualien Co.
      • Juishuei
Turkey
 
  • Eastern Anatolia Region
    • Bingöl Province
Econ Geol (1984) 79:354-371
Econ Geol (1984) 79:354-371
Econ Geol (1984) 79:354-371
  • Marmara Region
    • Bursa Province
      • Tavşanlı Zone
Okay, A.I. (2002): Journal of Metamorphic Geology 20, 757-768.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
      • Iditarod District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • California
    • Alameda Co.
      • Berkeley
Smith, J. P. (1906) The paragenesis of the minerals in glaucophane bearing rocks of California. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Volume 45:183-242.
Palache, Charles (1894b), On a rock from the vicinity of Berleley containing a new soda amphibole: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 1: 181, 185; Washington, H.S. (1901), A chemical study of the glaucophane schists: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 11: 47-52; Switzer, George S. (1951b) Mineralogy of the California glaucophane schists. California Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 161: 57; Borg, Iris Y. (1967), Optical properties and cell parameters in the glaucophane-riebeckite series: Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 15: 67.
    • Contra Costa Co.
      • San Pablo
Palache, Charles (1894b), On a rock from the vicinity of Berkeley containing a new soda amphibole: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 1: 184; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 344; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 474.
    • Los Angeles Co.
      • Palos Verdes Estates
Reed, Ralph Daniel (1928), A siliceous shale formation from southern California: Journal of Geology: 36: 347; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 69, 200.
      • San Pedro
Woodford, A.O. (1924), The Catalina metamorphic facies of the Franciscan series: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin: 15: 49-68; [… (abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 33: 98 (1926)]: 54; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 69.
      • Santa Catalina Island
        • Escondido Canyon
Bailey, Edgar H. (1941a), Mineralogy, petrology and geology of Santa Catalina Island, California: Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University: 61-62; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 485.
Bailey, Edgar H. (1941a), Mineralogy, petrology and geology of Santa Catalina Island, California: Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University: 71; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 403.
    • Marin Co.
      • Angel Island State Park
Bloxam, T.W. (1960), Jadeite rocks and glaucophane schists from Angel Island, San Francisco Bay, California: American Journal of Science: 258: 558-560; Coleman, R.G. & J.R. Clark (1968), Pyroxenes in the blueschist facies of California: American Journal of Science: 266: 44; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 403.
    • Mendocino Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Laytonville
Chesterman, C.W. (1966b), Mineralogy of the Laytonville quarry, Mendocino County, California, in: Geology of Northern California: California Division Mines & Geol. Bulletin 190: 503, 506; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 403.; Robert Muir Wood (1982) The Laytonville Quarry (Mendocino County California) Exotic Block: Iron-rich Blueschist-Facies Subduction-Zone Metamorphism. Mineralogical Magazine 45:87-99.
        • McClure Place
          • Jumpoff Creek
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 69; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 403.
    • Orange Co.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 69 (based on a p.c. to Murdoch & Webb from Jenni); Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 403.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • Picacho Peak
            • Clear Creek area
              • Hernandez
                • Clear Creek
William S. Wise (1982) Strontiojoaquinite and bario-orthojoaquinite: two new members of the joaquinite group . American Mineralogist 67:809-816.
Joseph F. Cooper Jr., Gail E. Dunning, Ted A.Hadley (2003) Minerology of the Victor Claim, Clear Creek Area, New Idria District, San Benito County, California.
          • San Benito River headwaters area
            • Dallas Gem Mine area
Wise, W.S & Gill, R.H. (1977): Minerals of the Benitoite Gem mine. Mineralogical Record 8, 442-452; William S. Wise (1982) Strontiojoaquinite and bario-orthojoaquinite: two new members of the joaquinite group . American Mineralogist 67:809-81
Ernst, W.G. (1965) Mineral paragenesis in Franciscan metamorphic rocks, Panoche Pass, California. Geological Society of America Bulletin: 76: 887; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404.
Woodford, A.O. (1925), The San Onofre breccia; its nature and origin: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin 15: 186; Reed, Ralph Daniel (1928), A siliceous shale formation from southern California: Journal of Geology: 36: 347; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 69, 70.
      • Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton
        • San Onofre Mountain
Woodford, A.O. (1925), The San Onofre breccia; its nature and origin: University of California, Department of Geological Sciences Bulletin 15: 159-280; [… (abstract): Geol. Zentralbl., Band 33: 109 (1926)]: 186; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 309.
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Coast Range
        • Cazadero
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 433, 493.
Coleman, R.G. & D.E. Lee (1963), Glaucophane-bearing metamorphic rocks of the Cazadero area, California: Jour. Petrol.: 4: 260; Coleman, R.G. & J.J. Papike (1968), Alkali amphiboles from the blueshchists of Cazadero, California: Jour. Petr.: 9: 109, 111, 113-118; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 404.
  • Colorado
    • Custer Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Teller Co.
Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
  • Minnesota
    • St. Louis Co.
      • Vermilion River Mines
55TH INSTITUTE ON LAKE SUPERIOR GEOLOGY (2009) PROCEEDINGS VOLUME 55 p. 23-24
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2015, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: July 3, 2015 18:31:00 Page generated: July 2, 2015 01:58:21