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Cuprobismutite

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Formula:
Cu8AgBi12S24
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Dark bluish-grey
Lustre:
Metallic
Name:
In allusion to its content of copper and bismuth.
Structurally closely related to hodrušite and kupčíkite.

Classification of Cuprobismutite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
2.JA.10a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
A : Galena derivatives with little or no Pb
3.8.2.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
8 : 1 < ø < 2
5.1.8

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
1 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Cu
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First Recorded Occurrence of Cuprobismutite

Place of Conservation of First Recorded Material:
Smithsonian

Occurrences of Cuprobismutite

Geological Setting:
Quartz veins

Physical Properties of Cuprobismutite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Dark bluish-grey
Density:
6.36 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.24 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Cuprobismutite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Space Group Setting:
C2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 17.520(1) Å, b = 3.926(3) Å, c = 15.261(1) Å
β = 100.18(1)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 4.463 : 1 : 3.887
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,033.18 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Massive, prismatic crystals, thin blades

Optical Data of Cuprobismutite

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Distinct

Chemical Properties of Cuprobismutite

Formula:
Cu8AgBi12S24
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Cuprobismutite to other Species

2.JA.05eBenjaminite(Ag,Cu)3(Bi,Pb)7S12
2.JA.05gBorodaeviteAg5(Bi,Pb,Fe)8(Sb,Bi)2S17
2.JA.05aCupropavoniteAgCu2PbBi5S10
2.JA.05aKitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
2.JA.05iLivingstoniteHgSb4S6(S2)
2.JA.05dMakovickyiteCu1.12Ag0.81Pb0.27Bi5.35S9
2.JA.05fMummeite(Cu,Ag)3-4(Bi,Pb)7-8S13
2.JA.05aPavonite(Ag,Cu)(Bi,Pb)3S5
2.JA.05bGrumipluciteHgBi2S4
2.JA.05hMozgovaitePbBi4(S,Se)7
2.JA.05dCupromakovickyiteCu8Pb4Ag2Bi18S36
2.JA.05cKudriavite(Cd,Pb)Bi2S4
2.JA.05aCupromakopavoniteAg3Cu8Pb4Bi19S38
2.JA.05DantopaiteCu1.06Ag4.24Pb0.9Bi12.23S21.89Te0.11
2.JA.10cHodrušiteCu8Bi12S22
2.JA.10ePadĕraiteCu5.9Ag1.3Pb1.6Bi11.2S22
2.JA.10dPizgrischite(Cu,Fe)Cu14PbBi17S35
2.JA.10bKupčíkiteCu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10
2.JA.15SchapbachiteAg0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4S
2.JA.15CuboargyriteAgSbS2
2.JA.20BohdanowicziteAgBiSe2
2.JA.20MatilditeAgBiS2
2.JA.20VolynskiteAgBiTe2
5.1.1SinneriteCu6As4S9
5.1.2TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
5.1.4ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
5.1.5TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
5.1.6GoldfielditeCu10Te4S13
5.1.7EmplectiteCuBiS2
5.1.9WitticheniteCu3BiS3
5.1.10HodrušiteCu8Bi12S22
5.1.11GirauditeCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4Se13
5.1.11PermingeatiteCu3SbSe4

Other Names for Cuprobismutite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:辉铜铋矿
Traditional Chinese:輝鉍銅礦

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cuprobismutite

Reference List:
Hillebrand (1884) American Journal of Science: 27: 355.

Dana (1892): 110.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 437.

American Mineralogist (1952): 37: 447-452.

American Mineralogist (1973): 58: 967.

Cu7(Ag0.4Pb1.2)∑1.6Bi11.4S22

Topa, D., Makovicky, E. & Balić-Žunić, T. (2003): Crystal structures and crystal chemistry of members of the cuprobismutite homologous series of sulfosalts: Canadian Mineralogist 41, 1481-1501. [cuprobismutite, hodrushite]

Cook, N. J. & Ciobanu, C. L. (2003): Lamellar minerals of the cuprobismutite series and related paděraite: A new occurrence and implications. Can. Mineral., 41, 441-456. ["Ag appears to be an essential component of cuprobismutite"]

Journal of Research, US Geological Survey: 1: 99-103.

Internet Links for Cuprobismutite

Localities for Cuprobismutite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Chubut
    • Futaleufú department
      • Los Cipreses
Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Felben valley
        • Scheelite deposit
Lapis 29(5):42 (2004)
Bolivia
 
Royal Ontario Museum specimen # M13339
    • Larecaja Province
      • Sorata
Royal Ontario Museum specimen # M13339
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
France
 
  • Alsace
    • Haut-Rhin
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • Corsica
    • Corse-du-Sud
      • Testa
Lheur, C., Meisser,N., Pecorini, R. and Steinmetz, A. (2011): Nouveautés minéralogiques en Corse. La Régne Minéral. 102: 33-40
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Saint-Etienne-de-Tinée
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
Lapis 1984(1), 41-42
      • Schapbach
        • Wildschapbach valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Waldaschaff
Lorenz, J., Schmitt, R., Hahn, W. (2007): Rhabdophan und Cuprobismutit von der Barytgrube "Pauline" in Waldaschaff im Spessart, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 58, 41-54
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Siegerland
      • Betzdorf
        • Schutzbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Indonesia
 
  • Sulawesi Island (Celebes Island)
    • Sulawesi Selatan Province (South Sulawesi Province)
      • Gowa
Nur, I., Idrus, A., Pramumijoyo, S., Harijoko, A., Watanabe, K., Imai, A., ... & Irfan, U. R. (2012). Elemental Mass Balance of the Hydrothermal Alteration Associated with the Baturappe Epithermal Silver-Base Metal Prospect, South Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Morocco
 
  • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
Peru
 
  • Pasco Department
    • Pasco Province
      • Simón Bolívar District
Baumgartner, R. et al. (2008): Econ. Geol. 103, 493-537
Portugal
 
  • Évora District
    • Vila Viçosa
      • Conceição
Gustavo Pereira Fernandes, Mineralizações de Cobre da Mina de Miguel Vacas: Caracterização Petrográfica e Geoquímica, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciências, Departamento de Geologia, 2012
Romania
 
  • Bihor Co.
    • Nucet
www.minerals-of-the carpathians.eu (2009)
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
        • Ocna de Fier (Vaskö-Moraviţa; Vaskö-Moravicza; Eisenstein)
CanMin 41(2):441-456; Cook, N. J. & Ciobanu, C. L. (2003): Lamellar minerals of the cuprobismutite series and related paděraite: A new occurrence and implications. Can. Mineral., 41, 441-456.
Russia
 
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Altai Republic (Gorno-Altayskaya Autonomous Oblast')
Potseluev, A.A., Babkin, D.I., and Kotegov, V.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(5), 384-401.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Žarnovica Co.
      • Hodruša-Hámre (Hodritsch)
Jeleň, S., Pršek, J., Kovalenker, V. A., Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Števko, M., & Ozdín, D. (2012). Bismuth Sulfosalts Of The Cuprobismutite, Pavonite And Aikinite Series From The Rozália Mine, Hodruša–Hámre, Slovakia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(2), 325-340.
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
  • Trenčín Region
    • Bánovce nad Bebravou Co.
      • Čierna Lehota
Mikuš T., 2001: Mineralógia rudných výskytov v Malej Magure a Suchom (dipl.práca), archív Kated.miner. a peňtr. PFUK, Bratislava, 128 s
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Ayer
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Grimentz
Picot, P. and Johan, Z. (1977). Atlas des Minéraux Métalliques, BRGM, Elsevier
    • Evionnaz
      • Salanfe
Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • Custer Co.
      • Rosita District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Park Co.
      • Montezuma District
        • Hall Valley
Amer.J.Sci.(1884) ser. 3, 27, 349-358 (p. 355); U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    • Summit Co.
USGS PP 223(Lovering,1950)
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Portland
Vajdak, Josef. (1997), New Mineral Finds in 1996, News from Vajdak of Pequa Rare Minerals and Metals. Mineral News: 13:(3): 1,4,5.
  • Utah
    • Piute Co.
      • Tushar Mts
        • Bullion Canyon
          • Ohio District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
        • Cottonwood Creek
          • Mount Baldy District
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1932-1952
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Virginia
    • Fairfax Co.
      • Culpeper Basin
        • Centreville
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Mineral and/or Locality  
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