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Cupropavonite

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Martin Alfred Peacock
Formula:
AgCu2PbBi5S10
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Lead Grey to tin white
Hardness:
2
Name:
Named in 1979 by Sven Karup-Møller and Emil Makoviky for the dominant copper content and relationship to pavonite (named for Martin Alfred Peacock; pavo = peacock in Latin).

Classification of Cupropavonite

Approved
2.JA.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
A : Galena derivatives with little or no Pb
3.8.10.6

3 : SULFOSALTS
8 : 1 < ø < 2
5.7.44

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals
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First Recorded Occurrence of Cupropavonite

Place of Conservation of First Recorded Material:
University of Pennsylvania
Year of Discovery:
1979

Occurrences of Cupropavonite

Geological Setting:
Mesothermal base and precious metal deposits.

Physical Properties of Cupropavonite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Lead Grey to tin white
Hardness (Mohs):
2
Density:
7.04 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Cupropavonite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Space Group Setting:
C2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.45Å, b = 4.02Å, c = 33.06Å
β = 93.5°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 3.346 : 1 : 8.224
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,784.19 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Fine lamellar intergrowths with pavonite.

Optical Data of Cupropavonite

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Distinct
Colour in reflected light:
White
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Weak in air, weak to distinct in oil

Chemical Properties of Cupropavonite

Formula:
AgCu2PbBi5S10
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Sb

Relationship of Cupropavonite to other Species

Structurally related to group(s):
2.JA.05eBenjaminite(Ag,Cu)3(Bi,Pb)7S12
2.JA.05gBorodaeviteAg5(Bi,Pb,Fe)8(Sb,Bi)2S17
2.JA.05aKitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
2.JA.05iLivingstoniteHgSb4S6(S2)
2.JA.05dMakovickyiteCu1.12Ag0.81Pb0.27Bi5.35S9
2.JA.05fMummeite(Cu,Ag)3-4(Bi,Pb)7-8S13
2.JA.05aPavonite(Ag,Cu)(Bi,Pb)3S5
2.JA.05bGrumipluciteHgBi2S4
2.JA.05hMozgovaitePbBi4(S,Se)7
2.JA.05dCupromakovickyiteCu8Pb4Ag2Bi18S36
2.JA.05cKudriavite(Cd,Pb)Bi2S4
2.JA.05aCupromakopavoniteAg3Cu8Pb4Bi19S38
2.JA.05DantopaiteCu1.06Ag4.24Pb0.9Bi12.23S21.89Te0.11
2.JA.10aCuprobismutiteCu8AgBi12S24
2.JA.10cHodrušiteCu8Bi12S22
2.JA.10ePadĕraiteCu5.9Ag1.3Pb1.6Bi11.2S22
2.JA.10dPizgrischite(Cu,Fe)Cu14PbBi17S35
2.JA.10bKupčíkiteCu3.4Fe0.6Bi5S10
2.JA.15SchapbachiteAg0.4Pb0.2Bi0.4S
2.JA.15CuboargyriteAgSbS2
2.JA.20BohdanowicziteAgBiSe2
2.JA.20MatilditeAgBiS2
2.JA.20VolynskiteAgBiTe2
5.7.1SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
5.7.2BournonitePbCuSbS3
5.7.3MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
5.7.4GladitePbCuBi5S9
5.7.5LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15
5.7.6KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
5.7.7HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9
5.7.8FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18
5.7.9AikinitePbCuBiS3
5.7.10NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
5.7.11JaskólskiitePb2+xCux(Sb,Bi)2-xS6 (x = 0.2)
5.7.12TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
5.7.13KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
5.7.14ProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22
5.7.15NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)
5.7.16WatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8
5.7.17PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18
5.7.18PetroviciteCu3HgPbBiSe5
5.7.19Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
5.7.20MarriteAgPbAsS3
5.7.21Baumhauerite-2aPb11Ag(As,Sb)18S36
5.7.22AndoritePbAgSb3S6
5.7.23Ramdohrite(Cd,Mn,Fe)Ag5.5Pb12Sb21.5S48
5.7.24RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96
5.7.25OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13
5.7.26EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36
5.7.27FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48
5.7.28OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
5.7.29FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
5.7.30DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8
5.7.31SterryiteAg2Pb10(Sb,As)12S29
5.7.32VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30
5.7.33ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10
5.7.34SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9
5.7.36GustaviteAg3Pb5Bi11S24
5.7.37KitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
5.7.38TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32
5.7.39Benjaminite(Ag,Cu)3(Bi,Pb)7S12
5.7.40Lengenbachite Ag4Cu2Pb18As12S39 ·
5.7.41BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
5.7.42NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
5.7.43Larosite(Cu,Ag)21(Pb,Bi)2S13
5.7.45PadĕraiteCu5.9Ag1.3Pb1.6Bi11.2S22
5.7.46RayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21
5.7.47RathitePb8Pb4-x(Tl2As2)x(Ag2As2)As16S40
5.7.48HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5

Other Names for Cupropavonite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cupropavonite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist: 65: 206.

Bulletin de Mineralogie: 102: 351-367.

Chang, L. L. Y.; Wu, D.; Knowles, C. R. (1988): Phase relations in the system Ag2S-Cu2S-PbS-Bi2S3. Economic Geology 83, 405-418.

Internet Links for Cupropavonite

Localities for Cupropavonite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Goldberg group
        • Zirknitz
          • Kleine Zirknitz valley
            • Kluidscharte
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Peru
 
  • Huancavelica Department
    • Angaraes Province
      • Julcani District
B. Duval, Y. Moëlo and P. Picot, Bull. Minéral. , 1986, 109, pp. 649-655.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 197; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Darwin Hills
        • Darwin District
          • Darwin
Mineral News: 16 (9): 1; Gail E. Dunning, Yves MoÎlo, and Joseph F. Cooper, Jr. (2000) Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi Sulfosalts New to Darwin, Inyo County, California; Dunning, G.E., Moelo, Yves, Roberts, A.c., & Cooper, J. F (2000)., Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi Sulfosalts New To Darwin, Inyo County, California. Occasional Web Publication of the Bay Area Mineralogists, 2000
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Alice District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Park Co.
      • Montezuma District
        • Hall Valley
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • San Juan Co.
      • Poughkeepsie Gulch
        • Alaska Basin
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Delamar District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Angren Region
      • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Mineral and/or Locality  
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