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Cupropavonite

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Formula:
AgCu
 
2
PbBi
 
5
S
 
10
System:MonoclinicColour:Lead Grey to tin white
Hardness:2
Name:
Named in 1979 by Sven Karup-Møller and Emil Makoviky for the dominant copper content and relationship to pavonite (named for Martin Alfred Peacock; pavo = peacock in Latin).

Classification of Cupropavonite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/E.09-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.JA.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
A : Galena derivatives with little or no Pb
Dana 8th edition ID:3.8.10.6

3 : SULFOSALTS
8 : 1 < ø < 2
Hey's CIM Ref.:5.7.44

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals
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Type Occurrence of Cupropavonite

Type Locality:Alaska Mine, Alaska Basin, Poughkeepsie Gulch, San Juan Co., Colorado, USA
Place of Conservation of Type Material:University of Pennsylvania
Year of Discovery:1979

Occurrences of Cupropavonite

Geological Setting:Mesothermal base and precious metal deposits.

Physical Properties of Cupropavonite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Lead Grey to tin white
Hardness (Mohs):2
Density (calculated):7.04 g/cm3

Crystallography of Cupropavonite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:B2/m
Space Group Setting:C2/m
Cell Parameters:a = 13.45Å, b = 4.02Å, c = 33.06Å
β = 93.5°
Ratio:a:b:c = 3.346 : 1 : 8.224
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,784.19 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Fine lamellar intergrowths with pavonite.

Optical Data of Cupropavonite

Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Distinct
Colour in reflected light:White
Pleochroism:Weak
Comments:Weak in air, weak to distinct in oil

Chemical Properties of Cupropavonite

Formula:
AgCu
 
2
PbBi
 
5
S
 
10
Simplified for copy/paste:AgCu2PbBi5S10
Essential elements:Ag, Bi, Cu, Pb, S
All elements listed in formula:Ag, Bi, Cu, Pb, S
Common Impurities:Sb

Relationship of Cupropavonite to other Species

Structurally related to group(s):
Pavonite Series
Common Associates:
PavoniteGustaviteCuprobismutiteBerryite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.JA.05eBenjaminite
(Ag,Cu)
 
3
(Bi,Pb)
 
7
S
 
12
2.JA.05gBorodaevite
Ag
 
5
(Bi,Pb,Fe)
 
8
(Sb,Bi)
 
2
S
 
17
2.JA.05aKitaibelite
Ag
 
10
PbBi
 
30
S
 
51
2.JA.05iLivingstonite
HgSb
 
4
S
 
6
(S
 
2
)
2.JA.05dMakovickyite
Cu
 
1.12
Ag
 
0.81
Pb
 
0.27
Bi
 
5.35
S
 
9
2.JA.05fMummeite
(Cu,Ag)
 
3-4
(Bi,Pb)
 
7-8
S
 
13
2.JA.05aPavonite
(Ag,Cu)(Bi,Pb)
 
3
S
 
5
2.JA.05bGrumiplucite
HgBi
 
2
S
 
4
2.JA.05hMozgovaite
PbBi
 
4
(S,Se)
 
7
2.JA.05dCupromakovickyite
Cu
 
8
Pb
 
4
Ag
 
2
Bi
 
18
S
 
36
2.JA.05cKudriavite
(Cd,Pb)Bi
 
2
S
 
4
2.JA.05aCupromakopavonite
Ag
 
3
Cu
 
8
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
19
S
 
38
2.JA.05Dantopaite
Cu
 
1.06
Ag
 
4.24
Pb
 
0.9
Bi
 
12.23
S
 
21.89
Te
 
0.11
2.JA.10aCuprobismutite
Cu
 
8
AgBi
 
12
S
 
24
2.JA.10cHodrušite
Cu
 
8
Bi
 
12
S
 
22
2.JA.10ePadĕraite
Cu
 
5.9
Ag
 
1.3
Pb
 
1.6
Bi
 
11.2
S
 
22
2.JA.10dPizgrischite
(Cu,Fe)Cu
 
14
PbBi
 
17
S
 
35
2.JA.10bKupčíkite
Cu
 
3.4
Fe
 
0.6
Bi
 
5
S
 
10
2.JA.15Schapbachite
Ag
 
0.4
Pb
 
0.2
Bi
 
0.4
S
2.JA.15Cuboargyrite
AgSbS
 
2
2.JA.20Bohdanowiczite
AgBiSe
 
2
2.JA.20Matildite
AgBiS
 
2
2.JA.20Volynskite
AgBiTe
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
5.7.1Seligmannite
PbCuAsS
 
3
5.7.2Bournonite
PbCuSbS
 
3
5.7.3Meneghinite
Pb
 
13
CuSb
 
7
S
 
24
5.7.4Gladite
PbCuBi
 
5
S
 
9
5.7.5Lindströmite
Pb
 
3
Cu
 
3
Bi
 
7
S
 
15
5.7.6Krupkaite
PbCuBi
 
3
S
 
6
5.7.7Hammarite
Pb
 
2
Cu
 
2
Bi
 
4
S
 
9
5.7.8Friedrichite
Pb
 
5
Cu
 
5
Bi
 
7
S
 
18
5.7.9Aikinite
PbCuBiS
 
3
5.7.10Nuffieldite
Cu
 
1.4
Pb
 
2.4
Bi
 
2.4
Sb
 
0.2
S
 
7
5.7.11Jaskólskiite
Pb
 
2+x
Cu
 
x
(Sb,Bi)
 
2-x
S
 
6
(x = 0.2)
5.7.12Tintinaite
Pb
 
22
Cu
 
4
(Sb,Bi)
 
30
S
 
69
5.7.13Kobellite
Pb
 
22
Cu
 
4
(Bi,Sb)
 
30
S
 
69
5.7.14Proudite
CuPb
 
7.5
Bi
 
9.33
(S,Se)
 
22
5.7.15Nordströmite
CuPb
 
3
Bi
 
7
(Se
 
4
S
 
10
)
5.7.16Watkinsonite
Cu
 
2
PbBi
 
4
(Se,S,Te)
 
8
5.7.17Pekoite
PbCuBi
 
11
(S,Se)
 
18
5.7.18Petrovicite
Cu
 
3
HgPbBiSe
 
5
5.7.19Eclarite
(Cu,Fe)Pb
 
9
Bi
 
12
S
 
28
5.7.20Marrite
AgPbAsS
 
3
5.7.21Baumhauerite-2a
Pb
 
11
Ag(As,Sb)
 
18
S
 
36
5.7.22Andorite
PbAgSb
 
3
S
 
6
5.7.23Ramdohrite
(Cd,Mn,Fe)Ag
 
5.5
Pb
 
12
Sb
 
21.5
S
 
48
5.7.24Roshchinite
Ag
 
19
Pb
 
10
Sb
 
51
S
 
96
5.7.25Ourayite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
5
S
 
13
5.7.26Eskimoite
Ag
 
7
Pb
 
10
Bi
 
15
S
 
36
5.7.27Fizélyite
Ag
 
5
Pb
 
14
Sb
 
21
S
 
48
5.7.28Owyheeite
Ag
 
3+x
Pb
 
10-2x
Sb
 
11+x
S
 
28
, -0.13 < x > +0.20
5.7.29Freieslebenite
AgPbSbS
 
3
5.7.30Diaphorite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
2
Sb
 
3
S
 
8
5.7.31Sterryite
Ag
 
2
Pb
 
10
(Sb,As)
 
12
S
 
29
5.7.32Vikingite
Ag
 
5
Pb
 
8
Bi
 
13
S
 
30
5.7.33Zoubekite
AgPb
 
4
Sb
 
4
S
 
10
5.7.34Schirmerite
PbAgBi
 
3
S
 
6
- Pb
 
3
Ag
 
1.5
Bi
 
3.5
S
 
9
5.7.36Gustavite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
11
S
 
24
5.7.37Kitaibelite
Ag
 
10
PbBi
 
30
S
 
51
5.7.38Treasurite
Ag
 
7
Pb
 
6
Bi
 
15
S
 
32
5.7.39Benjaminite
(Ag,Cu)
 
3
(Bi,Pb)
 
7
S
 
12
5.7.40Lengenbachite
Ag
 
4
Cu
 
2
Pb
 
18
As
 
12
S
 
39
·
5.7.41Berryite
Cu
 
3
Ag
 
2
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
7
S
 
16
5.7.42Neyite
Ag
 
2
Cu
 
6
Pb
 
25
Bi
 
26
S
 
68
5.7.43Larosite
(Cu,Ag)
 
21
(Pb,Bi)
 
2
S
 
13
5.7.45Padĕraite
Cu
 
5.9
Ag
 
1.3
Pb
 
1.6
Bi
 
11.2
S
 
22
5.7.46Rayite
Pb
 
8
(Ag,Tl)
 
2
Sb
 
8
S
 
21
5.7.47Rathite
Pb
 
8
Pb
 
4-x
(Tl
 
2
As
 
2
)
 
x
(Ag
 
2
As
 
2
)As
 
16
S
 
40
5.7.48Hatchite
AgTlPbAs
 
2
S
 
5

Other Names for Cupropavonite

Synonyms:
IMA1978-033
Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cupropavonite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist: 65: 206.

Bulletin de Mineralogie: 102: 351-367.

Chang, L. L. Y.; Wu, D.; Knowles, C. R. (1988): Phase relations in the system Ag2S-Cu2S-PbS-Bi2S3. Economic Geology 83, 405-418.

Internet Links for Cupropavonite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Cupropavonite on Google
  • Look for Cupropavonite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Cupropavonite on Webmineral
  • Look for Cupropavonite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Cupropavonite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Cupropavonite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Find Cupropavonite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Buy from McDougall Minerals
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Cupropavonite specimens
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
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  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • Buy fine minerals and gemstones from Pala International
  • Lapis Mineral Magazin
  • Top quality minerals from Kristalle of California
  • Cupropavonite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Localities for Cupropavonite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Goldberg group
          • Zirknitz
            • Kleine Zirknitz valley
              • Kluidscharte
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    Peru
     
    • Huancavelica Department
      • Angaraes Province
        • Julcani District
    B. Duval, Y. Moëlo and P. Picot, Bull. Minéral. , 1986, 109, pp. 649-655.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Mule Mts
          • Warren District
    [MinRec 24:421]
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 197; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
    • California
      • Inyo Co.
        • Darwin Hills
          • Darwin District
            • Darwin
    Mineral News: 16 (9): 1; Gail E. Dunning, Yves MoÎlo, and Joseph F. Cooper, Jr. (2000) Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi Sulfosalts New to Darwin, Inyo County, California; Dunning, G.E., Moelo, Yves, Roberts, A.c., & Cooper, J. F (2000)., Ag-Cu-Pb-Bi Sulfosalts New To Darwin, Inyo County, California. Occasional Web Publication of the Bay Area Mineralogists, 2000
    • Colorado
      • Clear Creek Co.
        • Alice District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
      • Park Co.
        • Montezuma District
          • Hall Valley
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
      • San Juan Co.
        • Poughkeepsie Gulch
          • Alaska Basin
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Nevada
      • Lincoln Co.
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Delamar District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
      • Angren Region
        • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
    Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
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