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Cyanotrichite

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Formula:
Cu
 
4
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
12
· 2H
 
2
O
System:OrthorhombicColour:Sky-blue, azure-blue
Lustre:SilkyHardness:1 - 3
Name:From the Greek κυανός for "blue" and θρίξ for "hair" in allusion to its colour and habit.


Cyanotrichite Group.
A secondary copper mineral found sparsely in the oxidation zones of copper-bearing ore bodies.
Cyanotrichite is closely related to Carbonatecyanotrichite, from which it is impossible to distinguish without XRD measurements (tests for carbonate are not conclusive). Improved powder data are recently given by Hager et al. (2009) who suggest that there is no evidence for solid solution between cyanotrichite and carbonate-cyanotrichite; it is also evident that some carbonate-cyanotrichite specimens contain no sulfate.
The nomenclature situation is still complicated because the crystal structures of neither mineral is presently known.

See also Unnamed (Cyanotrichite-related mineral).
Visually similar to Khaidarkanite.

Classification of Cyanotrichite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:6/D.08-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:7.DE.10

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations; unclassified
Dana 8th edition ID:31.2.1.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
2 : (AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:25.2.20

25 : Sulphates
2 : Sulphates of Cu and Ag
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Type Occurrence of Cyanotrichite

Type Locality:Moldova Nouă (Neumoldowa), Moldova Nouă-Sasca Cu-Mo ore field, Banat Mts, Caraş-Severin Co., Romania
Year of Discovery:1839

Physical Properties of Cyanotrichite

Lustre:Silky
Colour:Sky-blue, azure-blue
Streak:Light blue
Hardness (Mohs):1 - 3
Density (measured):2.76 g/cm3
Comment:A range from 2.737 (Morenci material) to 2.95 (Cap Garonne ?) exists in the literature.

Crystallography of Cyanotrichite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:a = 10.16Å, b = 12.61Å, c = 2.9Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.806 : 1 : 0.23
Unit Cell Volume:V 371.54 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:Occurs as velvet-, wool- or cotton-like aggregates and coatings comprised of minute acicular crystals; also radial-fibrous or tufted.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
10.2 (100)
5.47 (50)
5.26 (80)
3.88 (90)
3.38 (35)
3.04 (40)
2.392 (35)
Comments:Grandview mine, Arizona, USA (ICDD-PDF no. 11–131)

Optical Data of Cyanotrichite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.588 nβ = 1.617 nγ = 1.655
2V:Measured: 82° , Calculated: 86°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.067

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:relatively strong
Pleochroism:Visible
Comments:X = ┴ laths = Nearly colourless
Y = Light blue
Z = elongation = Bright blue

Chemical Properties of Cyanotrichite

Formula:
Cu
 
4
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
12
· 2H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12·2H2O
Essential elements:Al, Cu, H, O, S
All elements listed in formula:Al, Cu, H, O, S

Relationship of Cyanotrichite to other Species

Structurally related to group(s):
Cyanotrichite Group
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
7.DE.05Mangazeite
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 3H
 
2
O
7.DE.10Carbonatecyanotrichite
Cu
 
4
Al
 
2
(CO
 
3
,SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
12
· 2H
 
2
O
7.DE.10UKI-1975-(SO:AlCu)
(Cu, Al, SO
 
4
, H
 
2
O)
7.DE.15Schwertmannite
Fe
3+
16
(OH,SO
 
4
)
 
12-13
O
 
16
· 10-12H
 
2
O
7.DE.20Tlalocite
Cu
 
10
Zn
 
6
(Te
6+
 
O
 
4
)
 
2
(Te
4+
 
O
 
3
)(OH)
 
25
Cl · 27H
 
2
O
7.DE.25Utahite
Cu
 
5
Zn
 
3
(TeO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
8
· 7H
 
2
O
7.DE.35Coquandite
Sb
 
6+x
O
 
8+x
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
x
(H
 
2
O)
 
1- x
(x = 0.3)
7.DE.40Osakaite
Zn
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 5H
 
2
O
7.DE.45Wilcoxite
MgAl(SO
 
4
)
 
2
F · 17H
 
2
O
7.DE.50Stanleyite
(V
4+
 
O)(SO
 
4
) · 6H
 
2
O
7.DE.55Mcalpineite
Cu
 
3
(Te
6+
 
O
 
6
) · H
 
2
O
7.DE.60Hydrobasaluminite
Al
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
10
· 12-36H
 
2
O
7.DE.62Volaschioite
Fe
 
4
(SO
 
4
)O
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
7.DE.65Zaherite
Al
 
12
(SO
 
4
)
 
5
(OH)
 
26
· 20H
 
2
O
7.DE.70Lautenthalite
PbCu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
7.DE.75Camerolaite
Cu
 
4
Al
 
2
(HSbO
 
4
,SO
 
4
)(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
10
· 2H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
25.2.1Chalcocyanite
CuSO
 
4
25.2.2Bonattite
CuSO
 
4
· 3H
 
2
O
25.2.3Chalcanthite
CuSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
25.2.4Boothite
CuSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
25.2.5Dolerophanite
Cu
 
2
(SO
 
4
)O
25.2.6Antlerite
Cu
 
3
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
25.2.7Brochantite
Cu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
25.2.8Posnjakite
Cu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· H
 
2
O
25.2.9Langite
Cu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
25.2.10Wroewolfeite
Cu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
25.2.11Kröhnkite
Na
 
2
Cu(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
25.2.12Natrochalcite
NaCu
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
25.2.13Piypite
K
 
2
Cu
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
O
25.2.14Fedotovite
K
 
2
Cu
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
O
25.2.15Cyanochroite
K
 
2
Cu(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
25.2.16Euchlorine
KNaCu
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
O
25.2.17Devilline
CaCu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
25.2.18Leightonite
K
 
2
Ca
 
2
Cu(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
25.2.19Chalcoalumite
CuAl
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
12
· 3H
 
2
O
25.2.21Woodwardite
Cu
 
1-x
Al
 
x
(OH)
 
2
[SO
 
4
]
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
25.2.22Campigliaite
Mn
2+
 
Cu
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 4H
 
2
O
25.2.23Guildite
CuFe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 4H
 
2
O
25.2.24Ransomite
CuFe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
25.2.26Klyuchevskite
K
 
3
Cu
 
3
(Fe
3+
 
,Al)(SO
 
4
)
 
4
O
 
2
25.2.27Poitevinite
(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
25.2.28Argentojarosite
AgFe
3+
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6

Other Names for Cyanotrichite

Synonyms:
KyanotrichiteLettsomiteNamaqualiteVelvet CopperVelvet Copper Ore
Other Languages:
Catalan:Cianotriquita
Dutch:Cyanotrichiet
French:Chivre Velouté
Cuivre Velouté
German:Cyanotrichit
Kupfersammeterz
Kupfersamterz
Kyanotrichit
Lettsomit
Namaqualit
Sammeterz
Spanish:Cianotriquita
Cyanotrichita
Kyanotrichita
Lettsomita
Namaqualita

Other Information

Other Information:Soluble in acids.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cyanotrichite

Reference List:

- +
Werner (1808): 62 (as Kupfersammeterz and Kupfersamterz).

Jameson, R. (1816) A System of Mineralogy. second edition, 3 volumes: 3: 153 (as Velvet Copper Ore).

Breithaupt, A. (1823) Vollständige Characteristik etc. 1st. ed.: 168 (as Sammeterz).

Breithaupt, A. (1832) Vollständige Characteristik etc. 2nd. Ed.: 320 (as Sammeterz).

Glocker, E.F. (1839) Handbuch der Mineralogie, 2nd. edition, Nürnberg: 587 (as Cyanotrichit).

Percy (1850) Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science: 36: 100 (as Lettsomite).

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 578-579.

Acta Univ. Carol., Prague, Geol. (1965): 149-155.

Gröbner, J. (1997): Mineralien der Cyanotrichit-Gruppe aus Fundorten in Österreich. - Mineralien-Welt 8 (3), 27-30.(in German)

Hager, S. L., Leverett, P. & Williams, P. A. (2009): Possible structural and chemical relationships in the cyanotrichite group. Canadian Mineralogist 47, 635-648.

Internet Links for Cyanotrichite

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  • Localities for Cyanotrichite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Catamarca
      • Andalgalá Department
    Marquez-Zavalia, M. F. & Pedregosa, J. C. (1994): Cianotriquita y carbonatocianotriquita de mina Capillitas, Catamarca [Cyanotrichite and carbonato-cyanotrichite from the Capillitas Mine, Catamarca]. Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina. 49, 353-358. (in Spanish with English summary); Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Yancowinna Co.
    Birch BH Book
    • Queensland
      • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
        • Gunpowder District
          • Mount Gordon
    Day, B. E. & Beyer, B. D. (1996): Some mines of the Mt Isa district. Part 3 - The Mt Oxide mine. Australian J. of Mineralogy 2 (1), 3-10.
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Ankogel group
          • Kleinelend valley
            • Kleinelend glacier
    Mikl, A. and Kolitsch, U. (2014): Ein interessanter alpiner Kupfererzgang im Kleinelendtal und seine Mineralien. Mineralienwelt 25 (4), 28-33 (in German).
        • Goldberg group
          • Große Fleiß valley
    G. Niedermayr, F. Brandstätter: Carinthia II 188./108.:242-243 (1998)
    • Salzburg
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Mittersill
          • Mühlbach im Pinzgau
    Collection of NHM, Vienna
        • Rauris valley
          • Hüttwinkl valley
            • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
              • Hoher Sonnblick
    Schnorrer, G. & Bacher, F. (2000): Die Mineralien von der Sonnblick- Nordwand, Rauris, Salzburg / Österreich - insbesondere der erste Khaidarkanit- Fund in Österreich. Mineralien-Welt, 11 (5), 52-57.
            • Grieswies - Krumlkeeskopf area
              • Grieswies
    Niedermayr, G. et al. (2008): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVII. Carinthia II, 198./118., 223-274.
        • Stubach valley
    Brandstätter, F., Niedermayr, G. & Walter, F. (2010): 1641) Neue Funde von Brochantit, Chalkopyrit, Cyanotrichit und Malachit sowie anderer Mineralien aus dem Bereich Totenkopf – Hohe Riffl im Stubachtal, Salzburg. Pp. 229 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.; Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Niedermayr, G. & Walter, F. (2012): 1749) Carbonatcyanotrichit („Cyanotrichit“) und Djurleit aus dem Bereich des Totenkopfes im Stubachtal, Salzburg. P. 153 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
        • Untersulzbach valley
    Seemann, R. (1993): Geolehrpfad Knappenwand Untersulzbachtal. Naturkundlicher Führer zum Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Band 10, Österreichischer Alpenverein, Innsbruck, Austria, 115 pp.; Lewandowski, K., Lerch, H. & Seemann, R. (2006): Chronik - Schaubergwerk Hochfeld "Bergbau im Untersulzbachtal – Eine fast vergessene Welt" Die 500-jährige Geschichte des Kupferbergbaus am Hochfeld im Untersulzbachtal. Zukunftskollegium Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Neukirchen a. G., 288 pp.
          • Knappenwand area
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    Seemann, R. (1993): Geolehrpfad Knappenwand Untersulzbachtal. Naturkundlicher Führer zum Nationalpark Hohe Tauern, Band 10, Österreichischer Alpenverein, Innsbruck, Austria, 115 pp.
      • Lungau
        • Murwinkel
          • Schellgaden
            • Gold mines
    Auer, Ch. (2005)
      • St Johann im Pongau
        • Ginau
          • Grub
    Meixner, H. (1976): New mineral finds from Austria. XXVI. Carinthia 2, 86, 11-42; A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989; - Strasser, A. (2010): Mineralneufunde. Mineral. Arch. Salzb. 13, 277-285.
    • Styria
      • Fischbacher Alpen
        • Fischbach
          • Falkenstein
    Kolitsch, U. (2010): 1664) Azurit, Brochantit, Carbonatcyanotrichit, Cyanotrichit, Jarosit, Ludjibait, Malachit, Pseudomalachit und weitere Mineralien vom Quarzitsteinbruch bei Falkenstein, Fischbach, Fischbacher Alpen, Steiermark. Pp. 248-250 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
      • Liesing - Palten valley
        • Rottenmann
          • Bärndorf
    J. Gröbner: Weitere Funde von Cyanotrichit in Österreich. MINERALIEN-WELT 16 (3/2005), 60-62.
      • Mitterdorf
        • Veitsch
          • Sattlerkogel
    Blass, G. & Graf, H.-W. (2001); Gerald Gesselbauer (06.2010)
      • Niedere Tauern
        • Pöls valley
    Annalen 1999, p.75
      • Stubalpe
        • Kleinfeistritz
    J. Gröbner: Weitere Funde von Cyanotrichit in Österreich. MINERALIEN-WELT 16 (3/2005), 60-62.
    Postl (1977)
    • Tyrol
      • East Tyrol
        • Virgen valley
          • Prägraten
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    Canada
     
    • Québec
      • Chaudière-Appalaches
        • Montmagny RCM
          • St-Fabien-de-Panet
    Sabina (1992) GSC Misc. Report 46, 62
    Chile
     
    • Atacama Region
      • Chañaral Province
        • Diego de Almagro
          • Potrerillos
    No reference listed
        • Inca de Oro
          • San Pedro de Cachiyuyo District
    M.Dini collection
      • Copiapó Province
        • Zapallar district
    A. Molina & M. Dini collections
    maurizio dini - analysed by EDX & PDF (by dr. Jochen Scluter)
    • Tarapacá Region
      • El Tamarugal Province
        • Collahuasi District
    Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany; http://www.lrz-muenchen.de/~mineralogische-sammlungen-dmg/analysen/Cyanotrichit.htm
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
          • Krásno (Schönfeld)
    Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Katanga (Shaba)
      • Katanga Copper Crescent
        • Katanga
    Paul De Bondt collection
        • Shinkolobwe
    Mineralogical Record: 20: 287-288.
    France
     
    • Alsace
      • Haut-Rhin
        • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
    • Auvergne
      • Haute-Loire
        • Sainte-Sigolène
          • Saint-Pal-de-Mons
    Queneau Patrice collection
      • Puy-de-Dôme
        • Puy-Guillaume
          • Lachaux
    P.-C. Guiollard (2002), L'uranium du Morvan et du Forez, Ed. P.-C. Guiollard, Fichous(64), 95 pp.
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Aude
        • Carcassonne
          • Mas-Cabardès
            • Salsigne
    Cooper, Michael P.(1997) What’s New in Minerals, Munich Show 1996. Mineralogical Record 28:137
        • Padern
    http://www.zampano.com/minmax/fundort.php3?lang=US&fp=1975&foid=1549]
        • Palairac
          • Couise pass
            • Montauch
    Berbain, C., Favreau, G., Aymar, G. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, 176-178.
      • Gard
        • Alzon
    Patrice Queneau Collection
        • Mercoirol
    Favreau G., Pecorini R. (1999), Mas Dieu - Mercoirol - Extension Sud (Gard, France), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp: 3-43
      • Hérault
        • Avène
    Robin Fialip 2013
      • Lozère
        • Marvejols
          • St Léger-de-Peyre
    Patrice Queneau Collection
      • Pyrénées-Orientales
        • Caixas
          • Fontcouverte
    BERBAIN, C., FAVREAU, G. & MORENO, C. (2010): Mas Vicenç, Fontcouverte, Caixas (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 107, 20-25.
        • Oms
    Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 2007, 95, 3-24.
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Ariège
        • Auzat
    Collection and Collected by (Font Philippe) & analyzed by (Nicolas Meisser Musée Cantonal de géologie de Lausanne)
      • Aveyron
        • Monteils
    Patrice Queneau Collection
        • Villefranche-de-Rouergue
    C. Gineste and Patrice Queneau
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Var
        • Le Pradet
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579; UKJMM 2:11-15 "Cap Gronne Secondary Copper and Lead - W.R. van den Berg".
    trouvaille 1980 _ collection personnelle
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Calw
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992; Kolitsch, U. & Götzinger, M. (2000): Einige Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald: Eulytin, Namibit, Volborthit, Gearksutit, Spertiniit, Monazit- (La), Protasit, Sainfeldit, Cyanotrichit und Vauquelinit. - Erzgräber 14, 33-47 (in German); U. Kolitsch, G. Blaß, H.-W. Graf und J. Gröbner (2004): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald. Lapis 29 (2) 18-23; 50. (in German); KRINGS, G. & I. (2000): Cyanotrichit: Erstfund für die Grube Clara. Lapis 25 (12), 43.
    • Hesse
      • Frankfurt
    Blessing,C. & Pock,R. (1991). Mineralbildungen in Schlacken auf dem Gelände der ehemaligen Kupferwerke in Frankfurt/M-Heddernheim. Aufschluss, Jg.42, Nr.6, S.339-57
      • Richelsdorf District
        • Süss
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Bad Lauterberg
    Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
        • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
          • Bockswies veins
            • Oberschulenberg
    Schellhorn, M., (1989): Neufunde von den Halden der Grube Glücksrad bei Oberschulenberg/Harz, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 40(2), 121-123
        • Goslar
          • Astfeld
    No reference listed
    Rolf Luetcke
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Sauerland
        • Marsberg
    Lapis, 16 (12), 13-21+58.
        • Sundern
          • Bönkhausen
    Lapis, 14 (2), 22-27+33+42.
      • Siegerland
        • Eiserfeld
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Harz
        • Stolberg
          • Rottleberode
    Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
        • Thale
          • Friedrichsbrunn
    Thomas Lühr collection
          • Treseburg
    Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Annaberg District
          • Königswalde
    J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2006): Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge (II). Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 22-27. [Cyanotrichit confirmed in 2009 after comparison of PXRD pattern with improved PXRD data of Hager et al. (2009)]
    Greece
     
    No reference listed
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
    LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
    Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
    GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
              • Hilarion area
    Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.; J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
    No reference listed
    No reference listed
          • Sounion Area
            • Agia Varvara Mines (St Barbara Mines)
    No reference listed
    Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags
    Italy
     
    • Aosta Valley
      • Montjovet
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Friuli Venezia Giulia
      • Udine Province
        • Degano Valley
    Sylvano IOB Collection
    • Liguria
      • Genova Province
        • Sestri Levante
    Palenzona, A. & Borgo, E. (1991): I Nostri Minerali. Geologia e Mineralogia in Liguria. Aggiornamento 1990. Sagep, Ed., Genova
    • Lombardy
      • Varese Province
        • Boarezzo
    Orlandi, P., & Campostrini, I., 2006. Boarezzo. I minerali della ricerca mineraria "Pradisci". Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30 (1), 14-24.
    • Piedmont
      • Torino Province
        • Canavese District
          • Chiusella Valley
            • Traversella
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579; Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo, (10), 1-54.
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Ossola Valley
          • Baceno
            • Devero Alp (Devero Valley; Val Devero)
    Guastoni, A., Pezzotta, F., Vignola, P. (2006): Characterization and genetic inferences of arsenates, sulfates and vanadates of Fe, Cu, Pb, Zn from Mount Cervandone (Western Alps, Italy). Periodico di Mineralogia, 76, 141-150.
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Vercelli Province
        • Sesia Valley
    Luigi Chiappino data
    • Sardinia
      • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
        • Domusnovas
          • Oridda
    Stara P., Rizzo R. and Tanca G. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e minerali. E.M.Sa. Ed., pagg. 105-106.
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Valsugana
          • Roncegno
    -Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
    • Tuscany
      • Grosseto Province
        • Massa Marittima
    Bazzoni, C., Betti, C., & Capperi, M. (2007). Valle dello Stregaio e Monte Gai, Massa Marittima, Grosseto. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (2), 92-102.
      • Livorno Province
        • Campiglia Marittima
    http://www.comune.pisa.it/apsn/Articoli/Scorie/Capattoli.htm
    matteo Chinellato
        • Elba Island
          • Capoliveri
            • Cape Calamita Mine (Calamita Mine)
        • Piombino
    Muenchener Micromounter-Lithothek
    • Veneto
      • Belluno Province
        • Auronzo di Cadore
    Ara, D., Sanna, L., Rossi, A., Galli, E., & De Waele, J. (2013). Minerali secondari in ambiente sotterraneo: la miniera dell’Argentiera (Sardegna nord-occidentale).
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Niigata Prefecture
          • Aga-machi (Higashi-Kanbara-gun)
    Kikukawa, M., Kojiro, T. & Yamada, T. (1999): Carbonate-cyanotrichite and cyanotrichite from Mikawa mine, Niigata Prefecture. Chigaku Kenkyu 47, 241-244. (in Japanese)
      • Tohoku Region
        • Akita Prefecture
    Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
      • Balkhash Region (Balqash; Karatas; Prebalkhashie)
    Chukhrov (1945) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S., n.s.: 45: 370; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 593.
        • Balkhash (Balqash)
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579.
    Sumin, N. G. (1941): Cyanotrichite from Mednorudiansk and Kounrad deposits. Acad. Sci. URSS, B., Ser. Geol.. 6, 77-84. (in Russian with English summary)
    • Southern Kazakhstan Province (Ongtüstik Qazaqstan Oblysy; Yuzhno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
      • Karatau Range
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579.
    Morocco
     
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Tazenakht
          • Bou Azer District (Bou Azzer District)
            • Khder
    Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
    New Zealand
     
    • South Island
      • Nelson
        • Aniseed Valley
    Essence of Microscope, 2009
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Kaczawskie Mts
        • Radzimowice
          • Stara Góra
            • Stara Góra deposit
    1. R. Siuda, 2001 : New sulphate minerals from the Stara Góra oxidised zone, Radzimowice, Kaczawskie Mts., Mineralogical Society of Poland, Special Papers, vol 18, 186-188
    Portugal
     
    • Beja District
      • Barrancos
        • Barrancos
    Romania
     
    • Caraş-Severin Co.
      • Banat Mts
        • Moldova Nouă-Sasca Cu-Mo ore field
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579; Lapis 11 (1993), 7.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Chitinskaya Oblast'
          • Udokan
    Yakhontova, L. K.; Lebedev, V. L.; Guseinov, M. A.; Sokolova, E. V.; Nesterovich, L. G. (1988): Copper sulfates from the low-temperature supergene zone of the Udokan deposit. Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 4: Geol., (5), 38-43 (in Russian).
    • Urals Region
      • Middle Urals
        • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
          • Nizhnii Tagil
    Sumin, N. G. (1941): Cyanotrichite from Mednorudiansk and Kounrad deposits. Acad. Sci. URSS, B., Ser. Geol.. 6, 77-84. (in Russian with English summary); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579.
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Banská Bystrica Co.
        • Ľubietová (Libetbánya; Libethen)
    Čech, F., Láznička, P. (1965): Cyanotrichit z ložiska měděných rud od Lubietové. Acta Univ. Carol., Geol., 3, 149-155.
    Pauliš,P.,Ďuďa,R.,2002: Nejzajímavejší mineralogická naletište Slovenska. Kuttna,K.Hora, 136p
    South Africa
     
    • North West Province
      • Bojanala Platinum District
        • Western Bushveld Complex
          • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
            • Olifantspoort Farm
    Reeks, G. (2007) Olifantspoort Mine, Olifantspoort, Northern Province. South African Micromount Society newsletter: 33(3)
    • Northern Cape Province
      • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
    Cairncross, B. (2004): History of The Okiep Copper District, Namaqualand, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 35(4) 289-317.
          • Springbok
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579; Mason, B. (1961): The identity of namaqualite with cyanotrichite. Mineralogical Magazine 32, 737-738.
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Almería
        • Cuevas del Almanzora (Cuevas de Vera)
          • Sierra Almagrera
            • Jaroso Ravine
    Robert PECORINI collection
        • Tíjola
    Georges FAVREAU collection
      • Granada
        • Albuñol
    FMF Forum
    • Aragón
      • Zaragoza
        • Fombuena
    Calvo, G., Viñals, J. y Calvo, M. (2008). Presencia de delafossita, gibbsita y cianotriquita en un yacimiento cuprífero del barranco de la Sierra, Fombuena (Zaragoza). Macla, 9, 59-60.; Analyzed by XRD by Dr. Joan Vinals (Barcelona)
    • Catalonia
      • Barcelona
        • Vallès Occidental-Baix Llobregat
          • Sant Cugat del Vallès-El Papiol
    Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
    Switzerland
     
    • Glarus
      • Murg Valley
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 127+155.
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
        • Forno Valley
          • Mt Forno
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 128.
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Saint-Luc
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    Dreier, F. (2000): Die Mine des Moulins im Val d'Anniviers (VS), Schweiz. Lapis 25 (7-8), 67-73; 86. (in German); Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Binn Valley
        • Kriegalp Valley (Chriegalp Valley)
    Kolitsch, U. (1998): Neue Mineralfunde vom Wannigletscher im Binntal, Schweiz. Mineralien-Welt 9 (3), 45-53. (in German)
      • Martigny
        • Mont Chemin
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 127.
      • Nendaz Valley
        • Siviez
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 127.
      • Riddes
        • Isérables
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 127.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Callington District
          • Calstock
            • Gunnislake
    BMS Database
        • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
          • Gwennap
            • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
          • Illogan
            • Basset Mines
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
            • East Pool and Agar Mine
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
          • Lanner
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • Liskeard District
          • Linkinhorne
            • Minions
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • Mount's Bay District
          • St Hilary
    No reference listed
    Collection Richard De Nul
    No reference listed
        • St Austell District
          • Lanivet
            • Mulberry Downs
    BMS Database; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • St Just District
          • St Just
            • Botallack
              • Botallack Mine
    Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
            • Potts Gill
    No reference listed
      • Devon
        • Tavistock District
          • Tavistock Hamlets
    No reference listed
      • Staffordshire
        • Ecton
    BMS Database
    • Scotland
      • Strathclyde (Lanarkshire)
        • South Lanarkshire
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579.
    Ukraine
     
    • Crimea Oblast'
      • Crimea peninsula
        • Sivash Gulf area
          • Armyansk area
    Geologiya SSSR. Poleznye iskopaemye (The geology of USSR. Commercial mineral)- Nedra (Moscou), 1974, vol. VIII, 205 p.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Dragoon Mts
          • Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District)
            • Courtland
              • Casey Hill
    Rolf Luetcke
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 198, 376.
        • Mule Mts
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 198.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:69
      • Coconino Co.
        • Grandview District
          • Grand Canyon National Park
            • Horseshoe Mesa
              • Cape Royal
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 146, 198; Leicht, W.C. (1971), Minerals of the Grandview mine, Min.Rec.: 2: 214-221; Rogers, A.F. (1922), The optical properties and morphology of bisbeeite, Am.Min.: 7: 153-154; Gordon, S.G. (1923), Recently described 'bisbeeite' from the Grand Canyon is cyanotrichite, Am.Min.: 8: 92-93; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 65.
      • Greenlee Co.
        • Shannon Mts
          • Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District)
            • Morenci
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 198; Genth, F.A. (1890), Contributions to Mineralogy, Amer. Jour. Sci,. 40: 114.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 198.
      • Maricopa Co.
        • Wickenburg
    Phil Partington, collector; analysis & identification: Robert A. Jenkins
      • Pinal Co.
        • Mammoth District
          • Tiger
            • St. Anthony deposit
    Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
      • Yavapai Co.
        • Black Hills (Black Hill Range)
          • Verde District
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 115, 198.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 147.
    • California
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
          • Clark Mountain District
            • Clark Mountain
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 166.
    • Colorado
      • Clear Creek Co.
    Dana 6:1089.
        • Lamartine District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Gunnison Co.
        • Dorchester District
          • Taylor Park
            • Italian Mountain
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Mineral Co.
        • Creede District
    Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:396-413
    • Idaho
      • Lemhi Co.
        • Junction District (Little Eightmile District)
    Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
    R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    • Nevada
      • Churchill Co.
        • Table Mountain District
          • Cottonwood Canyon
            • Bolivia
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Esmeralda Co.
        • Weepah District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Eureka Co.
        • Carlin Trend
          • Maggie Creek Subdistrict
    MinRec 26(5):449-469.
        • Lynn District
          • Elko
    MinRecord 26:467
      • Humboldt Co.
        • Iron Point District
          • Valmy
    Dr. William S. Wise presentation to Northwest Micro Mineral Study Group on 1 May 2004, Update on Mineralogy of the Silver Coin Mine, Iron Point District, Edna Mountains, Humboldt Co., Nevada
      • Lyon Co.
        • Yerington District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
          • Yerington
    Pullman, Steven, and Thomssen, Richard, "Nevada Mineral Locality Index" Rocks & Minerals, Vol. 74 No. 6. pg. 375
      • Nye Co.
        • Ellsworth (Mammoth) District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Pershing Co.
        • Antelope District
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579.
      • Washoe Co.
        • Peavine District
          • Copperfield area
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Pyramid District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Mexico
      • Lincoln Co.
        • Red Cloud District
          • Gallinas Mts
    R&M 71:1 p66-68; NMBMGMR Open-file Report - 532
      • Socorro Co.
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. ed., 1996
          • Bingham
    M Massis collection
    Min News 21:8 p 8
    [MinRecord 30:337]
    [MinRec 20:24]
          • Magdalena
    Min Rec 20:1 pp13-24; GF Loughlin (1942) Geology and ore deposits of the Magdalena mining district, New Mexico. USGS Professional Paper 200.
    • Utah
      • Emery Co.
        • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
          • Delta
    Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp263-279
      • Juab Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • Tintic District
    Dana 6:1092; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
            • Mammoth
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • San Juan Co.
        • White Canyon District
          • Red Canyon
            • Chocolate Drop
    Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.; J. Plášil, A.R. Kampf, A.V. Kasatkin, J. Marty, R. Škoda, S. Silva, J. Čejka (2013): Meisserite, Na5(UO2)(SO4)3(SO3OH)(H2O), a new uranyl sulfate mineral from the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA. Mineral. Mag. 77, 2975-2988
          • White Canyon
            • Copper Point
    USGS TEI #514
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