Mindat Logo

Cylindrite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.



Formula:
Pb
 
3
Sn
 
4
FeSb
 
2
S
 
14
System:TriclinicColour:Grey-black
Lustre:MetallicHardness:
Member of:Cylindrite Group
Name:From the Greek κύλιυδροσ, a roll, in allusion to the cylindrical form of the aggregation.

Classification of Cylindrite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/C.17-80
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.HF.25a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
F : With SnS and PbS archetype structure units
Dana 8th edition ID:3.1.4.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
1 : ø > 4
Hey's CIM Ref.:6.1.20

6 : Sulphosalts - Sulphostannates, Sulphogermanates,Sulpharsenates, Sulphantimonates, Sulphovanadates and Sulphohalides
1 : Sulphostannates and other sulfides containing Sn
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-1204.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Cylindrite

Type Locality:Santa Cruz Mine, Poopó town, Poopó Province, Oruro Department, Bolivia
Year of Discovery:1893

Occurrences of Cylindrite

Geological Setting:Tin bearing hydrothermal veins

Physical Properties of Cylindrite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Grey-black
Streak:Black
Hardness (Mohs):
Hardness (Vickers):VHN100=54 - 93 kg/mm2
Tenacity:Malleable
Cleavage:Perfect
ON {100}
Density (measured):5.43 - 5.49 g/cm3
Density (calculated):5.443 g/cm3

Crystallography of Cylindrite

Crystal System:Triclinic
Class (H-M):1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:P1
Morphology:Massive. Cylindrical forms separating under pressure into smooth, concentric shells. Spherically-grouped aggregates.
Comment:Two subcells, pseudotetragonal and pseudohexagonal
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Cylindrite

Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Distinct, gray to pale yellowish or brownish gray
Colour in reflected light:Galena-white
Pleochroism:Weak
Comments:Extremely weak: Parallel to elongation gray-white, perpendicular to the elongation, darker gray-white. Stronger in oil.

Chemical Properties of Cylindrite

Formula:
Pb
 
3
Sn
 
4
FeSb
 
2
S
 
14
Simplified for copy/paste:Pb3Sn4FeSb2S14
Essential elements:Fe, Pb, S, Sb, Sn
All elements listed in formula:Fe, Pb, S, Sb, Sn
Common Impurities:Ag

Relationship of Cylindrite to other Species

Member of:Cylindrite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Abramovite
Pb
 
2
SnInBiS
 
7
Lévyclaudite
Pb
 
8
Sn
 
7
Cu
 
3
(Bi,Sb)
 
3
S
 
28
Common Associates:
FranckeiteStanniteIncaitePotosíiteTeallite
JamesoniteBoulangeriteCassiteriteGalenaPyrite
Sphalerite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.HF.20Vrbaite
Tl
 
4
Hg
 
3
Sb
 
2
As
 
8
S
 
20
2.HF.25bFranckeite
Fe
2+
 
(Pb,Sn
2+
 
)
 
6
Sn
4+
2
Sb
 
2
S
 
14
2.HF.25bIncaite
(Pb,Ag)
 
4
Sn
 
4
FeSb
 
2
S
 
15
2.HF.25aLévyclaudite
Pb
 
8
Sn
 
7
Cu
 
3
(Bi,Sb)
 
3
S
 
28
2.HF.25bPotosíite
Pb
 
6
Sn
 
3
FeSb
 
3
S
 
16
2.HF.25bCoiraite
(Pb,Sn)
 
12.5
Sn
 
5
FeAs
 
3
S
 
28
2.HF.25aAbramovite
Pb
 
2
SnInBiS
 
7
2.HF.30Lengenbachite
Ag
 
4
Cu
 
2
Pb
 
18
As
 
12
S
 
39
·
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
6.1.1Kuramite
Cu
 
3
SnS
 
4
6.1.2Mohite
Cu
 
2
SnS
 
3
6.1.3Velikite
Cu
 
2
HgSnS
 
4
6.1.4Hemusite
Cu
 
6
SnMoS
 
8
6.1.5Kiddcreekite
Cu
 
6
SnWS
 
8
6.1.6Stannite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)SnS
 
4
6.1.7Rhodostannite
Cu
 
2
FeSn
 
3
S
 
8
6.1.8Mawsonite
Cu
 
6
Fe
 
2
SnS
 
8
6.1.9Chatkalite
Cu
 
6
FeSn
 
2
S
 
8
6.1.10Ferrokësterite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)SnS
 
4
6.1.11Kësterite
Cu
 
2
(Zn,Fe)SnS
 
4
6.1.12Stannoidite
Cu
+
6
Cu
2+
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)
 
3
Sn
 
2
S
 
12
6.1.13Černýite
Cu
 
2
(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS
 
4
6.1.14Vinciennite
Cu
+
7
Cu
2+
3
Fe
2+
2
Fe
3+
2
Sn(As,Sb)S
 
16
6.1.15Pirquitasite
Ag
 
2
ZnSnS
 
4
6.1.16Hocartite
Ag
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)SnS
 
4
6.1.17Teallite
(Pb,Sn)SnS
 
2
6.1.18Franckeite
Fe
2+
 
(Pb,Sn
2+
 
)
 
6
Sn
4+
2
Sb
 
2
S
 
14
6.1.19Lévyclaudite
Pb
 
8
Sn
 
7
Cu
 
3
(Bi,Sb)
 
3
S
 
28
6.1.21Potosíite
Pb
 
6
Sn
 
3
FeSb
 
3
S
 
16
6.1.22Sakuraiite
(Cu,Zn,Fe,In,Sn)S
6.1.23Petrukite
(Cu,Fe,Zn,Ag)
 
3
(Sn,In)S
 
4
6.1.24Incaite
(Pb,Ag)
 
4
Sn
 
4
FeSb
 
2
S
 
15

Other Names for Cylindrite

Synonyms:
Kylindrite
Other Languages:
Catalan:Cilindrita
German:Cylindrit
Kylindrit
Simplified Chinese:圆柱锡矿
Spanish:Cylindrita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cylindrite

Reference List:

- +
Frenzel (1893), Jb. Min.: II: 125 (as Kylindrite).

Prior (1904), Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 25.

Moritz (1933), Jb. Min., Beil.-Bd.: 66: 205.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 482-483.

American Mineralogist (1992): 77: 758.

Internet Links for Cylindrite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Cylindrite on Google
  • Look for Cylindrite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Cylindrite on Webmineral
  • Look for Cylindrite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Cylindrite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Cylindrite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Cylindrite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Buy fine minerals and gemstones from Pala International
  • Search for Cylindrite on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • Fine and rare minerals from mintreasure.com
  • Buy from Dave Bunk Minerals
  • Cylindrite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • High-end worldwide specimens & outstanding customer service
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • Top quality minerals from Kristalle of California
  • Mineral Classics - Worldwide Collector Quality Minerals and Gems
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Cylindrite specimens
  • Buy from David K Joyce minerals
  • Specimens:The following Cylindrite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Cylindrite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Jujuy
      • Rinconada Department
    DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
    Amer.Min.(2000) 85, 1066-1075; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.; Paar, W. H., de Brodtkorb, M. K., Sureda, R. J., & Topa, D. (2010). Mineralogy and chemistry of tin and lead sulfides and sulfosalts in the Pirquitas Mine vein deposit, Jujuy, Argentina (22° 41'S-66° 28'W). Andean Geology, 28(2), 259-268.
    Bolivia
     
    • Oruro Department
      • Cercado Province
    [MinRec 32:476]
    Alfredo Petrov collection
    [MinRec 32:479]
      • Dalence Province
        • Huanuni
    Dana 7:I:483.; Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia, Boletín No. 5 (Especial), page 17o (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
    Dana 7:I:440,449,483.; Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia, Boletín No. 5 (Especial), page 171 (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
      • Poopó Province
        • Callipampa
    (Cylindrite specimens alleged to be from the Candelaria mine are more likely to be from the neighbouring Trinacria mine.)
    Dana 7:I:449, 483.; Gibson & Turneaure (1950) Trans AIME 187:1071-1078
    [MinRec 32:477]
    Ahlfeld and Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia, Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz
    [MinRec 32:479]
    • Potosí Department
      • Antonio Quijarro Province
    Federico Ahlfeld and Alejandro Schneider-Scherbina (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
    Ahlfeld, F. and Schneider-Scherbina, A. (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. (Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz)
      • Chayanta Province
    [MinRec 32:469]
    Economic Geology - Volume 16 - Page 68
      • Rafael Bustillo Province (Bustillos Province)
        • Llallagua
    Mineralogical Record: 32: 474.; Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
    Min Rec (1977) 8:52-57
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Bodaibo
            • Lena Gold District
              • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
    http://www.igem.ru/igem/chem/pt/sukhloge.htm
    Ukraine
     
    • Donets'k Oblast' (Donetsk Oblast')
      • Gorlovka
        • Novyi Donbass
    [World of Stones 12:20]
    Mineral and/or Locality  
    Search Google  
    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
    Current server date and time: October 24, 2014 05:53:22
    Mineral and Locality Search
    Mineral:
    and/or Locality:
    Options
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds