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Nueva Vizcaya Mine, Burguillos del Cerro, Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain
© Elmar Lackner
|Name:||Named in 1810 by Thomas Thomson for Thomas Allan (1777-1833), Scottish mineralogist, who first observed the mineral.|
Individual REE members were later distinguished by adding the -(Ce), -(La) etc. suffix.
|Allanite-(Ce), Allanite-(La), Allanite-(Y)|
Fe-rich varieties may be confused with ferriallanite-(Ce) and Ferriallanite-(La), or other blackish members of the epidote supergroup.
In the older literature the name "orthite" was often used instead of allanite.
Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Allanite. Currently in public beta-test.
Classification of Allanite
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Crystallography of Allanite
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The mindat.org Crystal Atlas allows you to view a selection of crystal drawings of real and idealised crystal forms for this mineral and, in certain cases, 3d rotating crystal objects. You need Java to see these. You can download Java for free - click here to download Java
The 3d models and java code are kindly provided by www.smorf.nl. You can control the movement of the models by holding down the left mouse-button over the 3d model and moving your mouse. Keyboard controls are:
Other Names for Allanite
|Health Warning:||No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.|
References for Allanite
Thomson, T. (1810) Experiments on allanite, a new mineral from Greenland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: 8: 371-386.
Berzelius (1818) [as "orthite"]
Marble, J.P. (1940): Allanite from Barringer Hill, Llano County, Texas. American Mineralogist, 25, 168-173.
Ovchinnikov, L.N. and Tzimbalenko, M.N. (1948) Manganorthite from Vishnevy Mts., Doklady of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Earth Science Sections: 63: 191-194 (in Russian).
Hutton, C.O. (1951): Allanite from Yosemite National Park, Tuolumne Co., California. American Mineralogist, 36, 233-248.
Hutton, C.O. (1951): Allanite from Wilmot Pass, Fiordland, New Zealand. American Journal of Science, 249, 208-214.
Hasegawa, S. (1957): Chemical studies of allanites and their associated minerals from the pegmatites in the northern part of the Abukuma massif. Science Reports, Tohoku University, Serioes 3, Mineralogy, Petrology, and Economic Geology, 5, 345-371.
Hasegawa, S. (1958): Chemical studies of allanites from the new localities in Fukushima and Kagawa prefectures. Science Reports, Tohoku University, Ser. 3, Mineralogy, Petrology, and Economic Geology, 6, 39-56.
Hasegawa, S. (1960) Chemical composition of allanite. Sci. Report of Tohoku University, Thuird series: 6: 331-387.
Hugo, P.J. (1961): The allanite deposits on Vreda Gordonia district, Cape Province. South Africa Geological Survey, "Geological Series" of the Department of Mines, 37, 1-65.
Frondel, J.W. (1964), Variation in some rare earths in allanite: American Mineralogist: 49: 1159-1177.
Dollase, W.A. (1971), Refinement of the crystal structures of epidote, allanite and hancockite: American Mineralogist: 56: 447-464.
Pavelescu, L. and Pavelescu, M. (1972) Study of some alanites and monazites from the South Carpathians (Romania): Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 17: 208-214.
Chesner, C.A. and Ettlinger, A.D. (1989) Composition of volcanic allanite from the Toba Tuffs, Sumatra, Indonesia. American Mineralogist: 74: 750-758.
Sorensen, S.S. (1991) Petrogenic significance of zoned allanite in garnet amphibolites from a paleo-subduction zone: Catalina Schist, southern California. American Mineralogist: 76: 589-601.
Peterson, R.C. and MacFarlane, D.B. (1993) The rare-earth-element chemistry of allanite from the Grenville Province. Canadian Mineralogist: 31: 159-166.
Bonazzi, P. and Menchetti, S. (1994) Structural variations induced by heat treatment in allanite and REE-bearing piemontite. American Mineralogist: 79: 1176-1184.
Catlos, E.J., Sorensen, S.S., and Harrison, T.M. (2000) Th-Pb ion-microprobe dating of allanite. American Mineralogist: 85: 633-648.
Ercit, T.S. (2002): The mess that is “allanite”. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 1411-1419.
Poitrasson, F. (2002) In situ investigations of allanite hydrothermal alteration: examples from calc-alkaline and anorogenic granites of Corsica (southeast France). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 142: 485-500.
Smith, M.P., Henderson, P., and Jeffries, T. (2002) The formation and alteration of allanite in skarn from the Beinn an Dubhaich granite aureole, Skye. European Journal of Mineralogy: 14: 471-486.
Gieré, R. and Sorensen, S.S. (2004) Allanite and other REE-rich epidote-group minerals. In: Epidotes (A. Liebscher & G. Franz, editors). Rev. Mineral. Geochem.: 56: 431-493.
Hoshino, M., Kimata, M., Nishida, N., Kyono, A., Shimizu, M., Takizawa, S. (2005) The chemistry of allanite from the Daibosatsu Pass, Yamanashi, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine: 69: 403-423.
Hoshino, Mihoko, Mitsuyoshi Kimata, Masahiro Shimizu, Norimasa Nishida and Takashi Fujiwara (2006), Allanite-(Ce) in granitic rocks from Japan: genetic implications of patterns of REE and Mn enrichment: Canadian Mineralogist: 44(1): 45-62.
Mindat.org articles about Allanite
Internet Links for Allanite
|Specimens:||The following Allanite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.|
Localities for Allanite
The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.