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Diaboleite

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Formula:
Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
System:
Tetragonal
Colour:
Blue
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
Name:
From Greek διά, "Dia", apart or distinct from, in allusion to its difference from boleite.
May be confused with cumengeite.

Classification of Diaboleite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
3.DB.05

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
B : With Pb, Cu, etc.
Dana 7th ed.:
10.6.1.1
10.6.1.1

10 : OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
6 : AmBn(O,OH)pXq
8.8.13

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
8 : Halides of Pb
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-1276.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Diaboleite

Year of Discovery:
1923
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Oxidized iron and manganese ores.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Physical Properties of Diaboleite

Adamantine
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Blue
Streak:
Blue
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {001}, not easy.
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
5.41 - 5.43 g/cm3 (Measured)    5.48 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Diaboleite

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4mm - Ditetragonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
P4mm
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.86Å, c = 5.49Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.937
Unit Cell Volume:
V 188.52 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals tabular {001}, with a square outline. The large base is negative; the positive pedion is lacking or is very small with a somewhat curved surface. Subparallel groups of thin plates.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.51 (10)
3.305 (9)
2.283 (10)
2.929 (8)
2.580 (9)
1.755 (9)
1.537 (9)

Optical Data of Diaboleite

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.980 nε = 1.850
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.130
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of Diaboleite

Formula:
Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Diaboleite to other Species

3.DB.RickturneritePb7O4[Mg(OH)4](OH)Cl3
3.DB.10PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
3.DB.15BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
3.DB.20CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
3.DB.25BideauxitePb2AgCl3(F,OH)2
3.DB.30ChloroxiphitePb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
3.DB.35HematophanitePb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)
3.DB.40AsisitePb7SiO9Cl2
3.DB.40ParkinsonitePb7MoO9Cl2
3.DB.45MurdochitePbCu6O8-x(Cl,Br)2x where x<=0.5
3.DB.50YedlinitePb6Cr3+Cl6(O,OH,H2O)8
8.8.1AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
8.8.2MatlockitePbFCl
8.8.3LaurelitePb7F12Cl2
8.8.4CotunnitePbCl2
8.8.5MendipitePb3Cl2O2
8.8.6DamaraitePb3Cl(OH)O2
8.8.7LaurionitePbCl(OH)
8.8.8ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
8.8.9PenfielditePb2Cl3(OH)
8.8.10FiedleritePb3FCl4(OH) · H2O
8.8.11BlixitePb2(O,OH)2Cl
8.8.12PseudocotunniteK2PbCl4
8.8.14PseudoboleitePb31Cu24Cl62(OH)48
8.8.15ChloroxiphitePb3CuO2Cl2(OH)2
8.8.17BideauxitePb2AgCl3(F,OH)2
8.8.18BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
8.8.19AravaipaitePb3AlF9 · H2O
8.8.20YedlinitePb6Cr3+Cl6(O,OH,H2O)8
8.8.21KolaritePbTeCl2
8.8.22HematophanitePb4Fe3O8(OH,Cl)

Other Names for Diaboleite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Diaboleit
Simplified Chinese:羟氯铜铅矿
Spanish:Diaboleita
Traditional Chinese:羥氯銅鉛礦

Other Information

Other Information:
Completely soluble in nitric acid.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Diaboleite

Reference List:
Spencer and Mountain (1923) Mineralogical Magazine: 20: 78.

American Mineralogist (1924): 9: 97.

Palache, C. (1941) American Mineralogist: 26: 605.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 82-83.

Rouse, R. C. (1971): The crystal chemistry of diaboleite. Zeitschrift fuer Kristallographie 134, 69-80.

Cooper, M. A. and Hawthorne, F. C. (1995): Diaboleite, Pb2Cu(OH)(4)Cl2, a defect perovskite structure with stereoactive lone-pair behavior of Pb2+. Canadian Mineralogist: 33, 1125-1129.

Alexander A. Tsirlin, Oleg Janson, Stefan Lebernegg, Helge Rosner (2013): Square-lattice magnetism of diaboleite Pb2Cu(OH)4Cl2. Phys. Rev. B 87, 064404. [http://arxiv.org/abs/1212.1837v2]

Internet Links for Diaboleite

Specimens:
The following Diaboleite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Diaboleite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Clarendon
Kolitsch, U. and Elliott, P. (1999): Mineralogy of the Mount Malvern Mine near Clarendon, South Australia. Australian J. Mineral. 5, 3-17.
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
[Mandarino, 1997]; Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
Ashburtonite, a new bicarbonate-silicate mineral from Ashburton Downs; J.D. Grice, E.H. Nickel, R.A. Gault; American Mineralogist, Vol 76, 001701-1707, 1991
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Waitschach
U. Kolitsch and H. Pristacz (2009): An orthorhombic dimorph of barstowite, Pb4Cl6(CO3)•H2O, from slags at Maria Waitschach, Austria, and Lavrion, Greece. Poster, Joint MinPet 2009 and 4th MSCC, Budapest, Hungary, September 7-11; abstract in Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 155, 83.; Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Cerro Palestina
        • Estación Cerro Negro
          • Magallanes district
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
Peebles F./Ruiz Fuller C.(1988); "Yacimientos Metalíferos de Chile", Fondecyt, Stgo. de Chile.
      • Cuevitas
        • San Cristóbal
Sample from the collection of Copiapó School of Mine
      • Sierra Gorda District
        • Caracoles
V. Sapienza collection
V. Sapienza collection
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany
M. Dini specimens
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
      • Taltal
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
      • Cachiyuyo de Llampos district
Robert Jenkins collections; material analysed by Mr. Jenkins
France
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
http://www.mine-capgaronne.fr/site/Mineraux/ListeMineraux.html
trouvaille et collection personnelle
  • Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • La Pacaudière
        • Le Crozet
          • Les Rats Mine
Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Süss
        • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
van den Berg, W. & van Loon, C. (1990): Slag Minerals from the Rammelsberg, Harz Mountains, Germany. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 8, 18-23.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Ruhr Coal Mining area
      • Essen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Greece
 
No reference listed
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
No reference listed
        • Sounion area
          • Sounion Mines
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Rewitzer, C. & Hochleitner, R. (1982): Neue und alte Schlackenmineralien. Lapis 7 (6), 17.; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
        • Passa Limani area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
        • Sounion area
Fritz Schreiber Collection
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
        • Thorikos area
Christian Rewitzer collection
        • Vrissaki area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Iran
 
  • Esfahan Province (Isfahan Province; Aspadana Province)
    • Nain County (Nayin County)
      • Anarak District
S. Weiß: Lapis 29(12):38-39 (2004)
P. Bariand and P. Herpin, Bull. Soc. Franç. Minér. Crist. , 1963, LXXXVI, pp. 133-135.
  • Yazd Province
    • Nayband (Neyband)
Encyclopedia of Minerals, 2nd. edition: 224.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Varenna Valley
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campiglia Marittima
http://www.comune.pisa.it/apsn/Articoli/Scorie/Capattoli.htm
Int. Assoc. of Collectors of Slag Minerals, 10 (2), 4-6.
        • Sassetta
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
      • Piombino
Cerutti, G. and Preite, D. (1995): Mineralien der etruskischen Schlacken von Baratti, Toskana. Lapis, 20 (4), 13-18; 50 (in German).
Luigi Chiappino data
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
Minerals of South Africa
T. Q. Meyer, W. A. van der Westhuizen, G. J. Beukes, H. de Bruiyn and A. E. Schoch (1986) An Occurrence of the Hydrous Lead-Copper-Iron Silicate Creaseyite in South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 50:346-348
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Agnes District
        • Crantock
BMS Newsletter 79, March 2010 (http://britishmicromountsociety.homestead.com/Gannell-Smelter.html)
      • Wadebridge District
        • Padstow
          • Gunver Head
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • St Minver
          • Trebetherick
No reference listed
    • Somerset
      • Cheddar
Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2010): Mineral Relationships in the Mendip Hills. Journal of the Russell Society, vol 13, pp 3-46;
      • Cranmore
Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2010): Mineral Relationships in the Mendip Hills. Journal of the Russell Society, vol 13, pp 3-46; Turner, R.W., (2006) A Mechanism for the formation of the Mineralised Mn Deposits at Merehead Quarry, Cranmore, Somerset, England. Min. Mag. vol. 70, no. 6, pp 629 - 653
      • Holwell
BMS Database
      • Mendip Hills
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 57.
        • Priddy
Mineralogical Magazine (1923): 20, 67-92 (the mineral 78-80); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 83; Clark, 1993, "Hey's Mineral Index"] [MinRec 27:253]
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Tombstone Hills
        • Tombstone District
Rob Bowell, lab tested
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Big Horn Mts
        • Osborn District
          • Tonopah
            • Belmont Mountain
Collected by and in the collection of Joe Ruiz. Analyzed by the University of Arizona.
      • Painted Rock Mts
        • Painted Rock District
          • Theba
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 121, 202, 278, 425; Wilson, W.E. & D.K. Miller (1974), Minerals of the Rowley Mine, Min.Rec.: 5: 10-30.
    • Pinal Co.
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 104, 141; Fahey, J.J., et al (1950), Wherryite, a new mineral from the Mammoth mine, AZ, Am.Min.: 35: 93-98; Bideaux, R.A. (1980), Tiger, AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 155-181; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 67.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 202, 327; Palache, C. (1941b), Diaboleite from Mammoth mine, Tiger, AZ, Am.Min.: 26: 605-612; Fahey, J.J., et al (1950), Wherryite, a new mineral from the Mammoth mine, AZ, Am.Min.: 35: 93-98; Bideaux, R.A. (1980), Tiger, Arizona, Min.Rec.: 11: 155-181; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 55.
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Santa Rita Mts
        • Wrightson District
          • Patagonia
            • Temporal Gulch area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 202.
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Baker
        • Otto Mountain
Joe Marty specimens
Rocks & Minerals 86:132-142
Mineral and/or Locality  
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