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Diadochite

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Formula:
Fe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
System:
Amorphous
Colour:
Yellow to ...
Hardness:
3 - 4
Name:
Named in 1837 by Johann Friedric August Breithaupt from the Greek διάδοχος for "successor," presumably in allusion to its secondary origin.
Similar to Destinezite, with which it was often confused, until destinezite was (re)defined as the crystalline equivalent of the amorphous diadochite. (IMA decision 00-E)

A secondary mineral occurring in gossans and coal deposits as the result of sulfate-rich solutions reacting with earlier phosphates; common in secondary phosphate assemblages in granitic pegmatites; in cave deposits, or as a post-mining product.

Classification of Diadochite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered" 1837
8.DB.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4< 1:1
Dana 7th ed.:
43.5.2.1
43.5.2.1

43 : COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
5 : Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
22.3.25

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
3 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with sulphates
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First Recorded Occurrence of Diadochite

Place of Conservation of First Recorded Material:
Mining Academy, Freiberg, Saxony, Germany: #20765.
Year of Discovery:
1837
Geological Setting of First Recorded Material:
Slate altered by ground water, perhaps originally post-mine in occurrence.
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Occurrences of Diadochite

Geological Setting:
Gossan deposits, coal deposits, late stage mineralization in granitic pegmatites, caves, post-mining deposition.

Physical Properties of Diadochite

Resinous, Waxy, Greasy, Dull, Earthy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Comment:
Lustre dull in earthy material, waxy, horn-like in gel masses.
Colour:
Yellow to greenish-yellow or brown, reddish brown, light green, light yellow; pale yellow to yellowish brown in transmitted light.
Streak:
Yellow to yellow-brown
Hardness (Mohs):
3 - 4
Hardness Data:
Measured
Tenacity:
Fragile
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Conchoidal, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
2.0 - 2.4 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.32 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Diadochite

Crystal System:
Amorphous
Morphology:
Found as nodules or colloform crusts, massive; glassy, earthy.
Comment:
Amorphous to x-rays.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
8.74 (100)
8.28 (90)
4.377 (100)
4.082 (65)
3.929 (85)
2.942 (65)
2.918 (40)
Comments:
Also ICDD 42-1364

Optical Data of Diadochite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.615 nβ = 1.618 - 1.638 nγ = 1.665 - 1.670 n = 1.60 - 1.61
2V:
Measured: 55°
Birefringence:
0.06
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.050 - 0.055
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v strong
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic
Comments:
Isotropic when glassy. Measured 2V = small.

Chemical Properties of Diadochite

Formula:
Fe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Diadochite to other Species

8.DB.05Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
8.DB.05DestineziteFe23+(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2O
8.DB.10VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
8.DB.15SchooneriteZnMn2+Fe22+Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2O
8.DB.20SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2O
8.DB.25MitryaevaiteAl6(PO4)((P,S)O3(OH,O))2F2(OH)2 · 14.5H2O
8.DB.30SanjuaniteAl2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
8.DB.35SarmientiteFe23+(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
8.DB.40BukovskýiteFe23+(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
8.DB.45ZýkaiteFe43+(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2O
8.DB.50GiniiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5 · 2H2O
8.DB.55Sasaite(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2O
8.DB.60McauslaniteFe3Al2(PO4)3(PO3OH)F · 18H2O
8.DB.65GoldquarryiteCuCd2Al3(PO4)4F2(H2O,F)2 · 10H2O
8.DB.70BirchiteCd2Cu2(PO4)2(SO4) · 5H2O
8.DB.75BraithwaiteiteNaCu5Ti2Sb2(AsO4)(HAsO4)2O2 · 8H2O
22.3.1ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
22.3.2ArdealiteCa2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2O
22.3.3Machatschkiite(Ca,Na)6(AsO4)(HAsO4)3(PO4,SO4) · 15H2O
22.3.4ClinotyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2O
22.3.5PeisleyiteNa2Al9[(P,S)O4]8(OH)6•28H2O
22.3.6ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(SO4)3(AsO4)3(OH)27 · 33H2O
22.3.7WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.8Schlossmacherite(H3O)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6
22.3.9SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.10KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.11SanjuaniteAl2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
22.3.12KribergiteAl5(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
22.3.13HotsoniteAl11(SO4)3(PO4)2(OH)21 · 16H2O
22.3.14WeileriteBaAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.15TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
22.3.16ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
22.3.17HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.18HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.19Orpheite
22.3.20CoconinoiteFe23+Al2(UO2)2(PO4)4(SO4)(OH)2 · 20H2O
22.3.21Sasaite(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2O
22.3.22Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2O
22.3.23CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.24BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.26SarmientiteFe23+(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
22.3.27BukovskýiteFe23+(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
22.3.28ZýkaiteFe43+(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2O
22.3.29TooeleiteFe63+(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
22.3.30Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
22.3.31Xiangjiangite(Fe3+,Al)(UO2)4(PO4)2(SO4)2(OH) · 22H2O

Other Names for Diadochite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Readily soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Diadochite

Reference List:
Breithaupt (1837) Journal für praktische Chemie, Leipzig: 10: 503 (as Diadochit).

Feistmantel (1873) Lotos: 23: 33.

Rammelsberg, C.F. (1875) Handbuch der Mineralchemie. second edition: 331.

Carnot (1880) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 3: 40.

Cesàro (1885) Mém. Soc. belge geol.: 12: 173.

Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 867.

Cesàro (1897) Mém. Ac. Sc. Belge: 53: 1.

Cornu (1909) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 330 (as Geldiadochite).

Cornu (1909) Zeitschrift Chem. Ind. Kolloide: 4: 17 (as Geldiadochite).

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 67.

Ulrich (1922) Rozpr. České Ak.: 31: no. 10.

Hintze, Carl (1931) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [4B]: 750, 755, 1073.

Mélon and Donnay (1936) Bulletin de la Sociètè Belge de Gèologie: 59: B162.

Rogers (1938) American Mineralogist: 23: 178.

McConnell (1942) American Journal of Science: 240: 656.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1011-1013.

Acta Univ. Carol., Prague, Geol. (1960): 127-152.

Van Tassel, R. (1985) Mineraux phosphates secondaires (vashegyite, destinezite [= diadochite], wavellite, crandallite, phosphate de fer) a Haut-le-Wastia, province de Namur (Belgique). Bull. Soc. Belge G´eol., 94, 19–27 (in French with English abs.).

Gaines, Richard V., H. Catherine, W. Skinner, Eugene E. Foord, Brian Mason, Abraham Rosenzweig (19 ), Dana's New Mineralogy : The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana: 966.

Peacor, D.R., Rouse, R.C., Coskren, T.D., and Essene, E.J. (1999) Destinezite ("diadochite"), Fe2(PO4)(SO4)(OH)·6(H2O): its crystal structure and role as a soil mineral at Alum Cave Bluff, Tennessee, Clays and Clay Minerals, 47, 1-11.

Jambor, J.L. and A.C. Roberts (2000) New Mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 85: 263-266.

Internet Links for Diadochite

Localities for Diadochite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Angola
 
  • Huíla Province
    • Lubango City Council
Martins da Pedra collection
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Gurktaler Alpen
      • Flattnitz
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Styria
    • Leoben
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Belgium
 
  • Hainaut Province (Henegouwen; Hennegau)
    • Mons
      • Blaton
Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J.,Simmons,W.B. and Ramik, R.A. (1987): Ferristrunzite, a new member of the strunzite group, from Blaton, Belgium. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1987, 453-457
  • Liège Province
    • Visé
Hey's Mineral Index 3rd ed.
  • Namur Province
    • Anhée
No reference listed
Bolivia
 
  • Oruro Department
    • Cercado Province
[MinRec 32:476]
  • Potosí Department
    • Rafael Bustillo Province (Bustillos Province)
      • Llallagua
[MinRec 32:474]; Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
Canada
 
  • Yukon Territory
    • Dawson Mining District
MinRec 23:4-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Beroun (Beraun)
Vtělenský J. (1959): Mineralogie oolitických železných rud z některých ložisek Barrandienu. Geotechnica, sv. 26, Nakladatelství ČSAV Praha.
Vtělenský J. (1959): Mineralogie oolitických železných rud z některých ložisek Barrandienu. Geotechnica, sv. 26, Nakladatelství ČSAV Praha.
Vtělenský J. (1959): Mineralogie oolitických železných rud z některých ložisek Barrandienu. Geotechnica, sv. 26, Nakladatelství ČSAV Praha.
      • Hořovice (Horschowitz; Horowitz)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1013.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
    • Pardubice Region
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1013; Prachař, I.: Současný stav výskytu nerostů ve Chvaleticích. Acta musei Reginaehradecensis, série A: vědy přírodní, 1981, roč. XVI., s. 99-102.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1013; Jirásek, J.: Nález koninckitu u Litošic a jeho srovnání se světovými výskyty. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2005, roč. 13, s. 132-137.
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Huelgoat (Locmaria-Berrien)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1012; R. PIERROT, L. CHAURIS, C. LAFORET (1973) : "Inventaire minéralogique de la France : 29- Finistère.", B.R.G.M. Paris.
  • Rhône-Alpes
    • Isère
      • La Mure
Haudour J. et Sarrot-Reynauld J. (1954) - Le bassin houiller de la Mure et ses minéraux
      • Peycheguard
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 867; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1012.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Lapis 21(12), 39 (1996)
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
WALENTA, K. (1997): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara 7. Folge. - Lapis 22 (11), 37-47.
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Zwiesel
        • Rabenstein
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Pleystein
DILL, H.G., MELCHER, F., GERDES, A. and WEBER, B. (2008): The origin and zoning of hypogene and supergene Fe-Mn-Mg-Sc-U-REE-Zn phosphate mineralization from the newly discovered Trutzhofmühle aplite (Hagendorf pegmatite province, Germany). Canadian Mineralogist 46, 1131-1157.
      • Waidhaus
H.G. Dill, A. Gerdes, B. Weber, Age and mineralogy of supergene uranium minerals — Tools to unravel geomorphological and palaeohydrological processes in granitic terrains (Bohemian Massif, SE Germany), Geomorphology 117 (2010) 44–65
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Eifel
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Sauerland
      • Arnsberg
        • Uentrop
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
    • Saalfeld
      • Garnsdorf
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1012.
      • Hockeroda
Journ. prakt. Chem.(1837): 10, 503; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1012; Clark, 1993, "Hey's Mineral Index"]
    • Thuringian Forest
      • Schmiedefeld
Ullrich, B. & Ullrich, B. (2010): Der Aufschluss 61, 75-79.
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Mátraszentimre
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
      • Recsk
Szakáll, S., Földvári, M., and Kovács, Á. (1994): Phosphate minerals from Recsk and Parád-Parádfürdő ore deposits (N-Hungary). Folia Historico Naturalia Musei Matraensis, 19, 23-36.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Maira Valley
        • Preit & Marmora Valleys
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Capoterra
Olmi F., Sabelli C., Senesi F., Stara P., 2002. La mineralizzazione uranifera di Arcu su Linnarbu. Riv. Miner. Ital., 3: 148-169.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Abu town
Matsubara, S., Miyawaki, R. & Iwano, S. (1999): Diadochite from the Hinomaru-Nako mine, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Japan. Bull. Natn. Sci. Mus., Tokyo, Ser. C, 25, 51-57.
Romania
 
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Baia Mare (Nagybánya)
      • Chiuzbaia (Kisbánya)
Huber, P. & Muresan,I. (1996): Die Erzlagerstätte Herja - Eisen-, Blei- und Antimonminerale aus der Erzlagerstätte Herja (Herzsabánya). Lapis, 21 (7), 27ff. (in German)
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Štiavnica Co.
    • Revúca Co.
      • Sirk
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1013; Grecula,P. et al. (1995) Ložiska nerastných surovín Slovenského rudohoria. Zväz.1, Bratislava, 834 s
    • Žiar nad Hronom Co.
      • Banská Štiavnica Mining District
        • Vyhne
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Ďuďa R., 1993 : Die mineralien der Gold und Silber - lagersttäte von Kremnitz ( Kremnica) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern,Nemecko/,5, s. 20 - 32
  • Bratislava Region
    • Pezinok Co.
      • Pezinok
[MinRec 31:153-162]
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
      • Červenica
        • Dubník
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Agnes District
        • Perranzabuloe
          • Perran Iron Lode (Great Perran Iron Lode)
Sparrow, C. (1989): Russell Society Newsletter 3, 6; Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Shannon Mts
        • Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District)
          • Morenci
Merritt Stephen Enders (2000) The Evolution of Supergene Enrichment in the Morenci Porphyry Copper Deposit, Greenlee County, Arizona. PhD Thesis, University of Arizona
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
      • Wilson Springs (Potash Sulfur Springs)
Rocks & Min.: 63:108.
    • Polk Co.
      • Shady
Am Min 51:1811-1814
  • California
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • Idria (New Idria)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1013; Rogers, Austin Flint (1938a), Diadochite, a mineraloid from the New Idria mine, San Benito County, California: 178; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 312.
  • Colorado
    • Summit Co.
      • Montezuma District (Snake River District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Cobalt
Schooner (1961); Januzzi (1976) p. 234.
  • Indiana
    • Pike Co.
Coveney, R.M., A.V. Allen, J.C. Blankenship & W.B. Simmons (1984) Hawleyite and phosphate minerals from Bethel Church, Indiana, including a second occurrence for ferrostrunzite: The Mineralogical Record: 15: 351-357.
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Auburn
        • East Mount Apatite District
No reference listed
"Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Baldwin
        • West Baldwin
Thompson, W.B., et,al., 2000, Rocks & Minerals, vol. 75, no. 6, pgs 408-418
    • Oxford Co.
      • Greenwood
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
"Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al. 1998
      • Hebron
Van King
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2, with updates by Van King
King, V. T., 2006, Minerals of Halls Ridge and Plumbago-Puzzle Mountain, Newry, ... Maine, Mineral News, v. 22(6): p. 1-3.
      • Paris
      • Peru
No reference listed
      • Rumford
Tim Blake and Scott Soucey specimens
Van King specimen
      • Stoneham
W. B. Thompson, D. L. Joyner, R. G. Woodman, and V. T. King (2005) A Collector's Guide to Maine Mineral Localities. Maine Geological Survey Bulletin 41
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
      • Andover
Gleba, 1978. Mass. Mineral & Fossil Loc.
  • Missouri
    • Jasper Co.
Rocks & Min., March 1998.
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Gibellini District
        • Fish Creek Range
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
[Clark, 1993, "Hey's Mineral Index"]
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Alstead
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
      • Walpole
Tom Mortimer no. u891 (www.mindatnh.org)
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Am. Min. 50 (1965), 713-717
Whitmore & Lawrence, 2004. The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p. 96.
    • Strafford Co.
      • Farmington
No reference listed
      • Strafford
        • Parker Mountain
Rocks & Min. 39:355 (1964); Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J.,1980,Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina,pp#50
  • Ohio
    • Coshocton Co.
      • Jackson township
Minerals of Ohio Bull. 69 ODNR
    • Perry Co.
Harvard Museum of Natural History specimen no. 119716
  • Oklahoma
    • Ottawa Co.
Rocks & Min. vol. 72 (1997)
www.brightok.net/~rockman/Images/OkIndex.htm.
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Fourmile
Mineralogical Record: 17: 237-254; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Glendale
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 116.
      • Keystone Gold District
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Tennessee
    • Hancock Co.
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
        • Calf Mesa
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Am.Min.40:469
Mineral and/or Locality  
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