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Dussertite

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Formula:
BaFe33+(AsO4)2(OH)5
System:
Trigonal
Colour:
Green, yellow-green, ...
Hardness:
Name:
After Desiré Dussert (1872-1928), French mining engineer who worked in Algeria.
A secondary mineral and frequently an alteration product of arsenopyrite.
Some dussertite contains Sb replacing Fe (Kolitsch et al., 1999).

Classification of Dussertite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
7/B.36-160
8.BL.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
L : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 3:1
41.5.10.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq
20.9.13

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
9 : Arsenates of Fe
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First Recorded Occurrence of Dussertite

Year of Discovery:
1925
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Occurrences of Dussertite

Geological Setting:
Oxidized zones of base-metal deposits as alteration product of arsenopyrite.

Physical Properties of Dussertite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
Green, yellow-green, bluish green; yellowish green in transmitted light.
Hardness (Mohs):
Density:
3.75 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.09 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Dussertite

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
R3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.4244Å, c = 17.494Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.356
Unit Cell Volume:
V 835.11 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3
Morphology:
Crystals minute, flattened {0001}, aggregated into crusts or rosette-like groups.

Optical Data of Dussertite

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.870 nε = 1.845 n = 1.85
2V:
Measured: 15° to 20°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.025
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
Shades of greenish yellow.
Comments:
May be anomalously biaxial at times with 2V = 15° to 20°.

Chemical Properties of Dussertite

Formula:
BaFe33+(AsO4)2(OH)5
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Dussertite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
ArsenocrandalliteCaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
Arsenoflorencite-(Ce)CeAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
Arsenoflorencite-(La)LaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
Arsenoflorencite-(Nd)NdAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
ArsenowaylanditeBiAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
Graulichite-(Ce)CeFe33+(AsO4)2(OH)6
PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
SegnititePbFe33+(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)6
8.BL.05BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05GallobeudantitePbGa3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.10ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
8.BL.10ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
8.BL.10ArsenocrandalliteCaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
8.BL.10BenauiteSrFe33+(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.10CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
8.BL.10EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.10GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
8.BL.10GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
8.BL.10KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
8.BL.10PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
8.BL.10PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
8.BL.10SegnititePbFe33+(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)6
8.BL.10SpringcreekiteBaV33+(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(La)LaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Nd)NdAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Ce)CeAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Nd)(Nd,La,Ce)Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13WaylanditeBiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13ZaïriteBiFe33+(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13ArsenowaylanditeBiAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Graulichite-(Ce)CeFe33+(AsO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Sm)(Sm,Nd)Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.15ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
8.BL.25PattersonitePbFe33+(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
20.9.1AngelelliteFe43+(AsO4)2O3
20.9.2ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
20.9.3KaňkiteFeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
20.9.4FerrisymplesiteFe33+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
20.9.5KaatialaiteFe(H2AsO4)3 · 5H2O
20.9.6SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
20.9.7ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
20.9.8Natropharmacosiderite(Na,K)Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
20.9.9PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
20.9.10KolfaniteCa2Fe33+O2(AsO4)3 · 2H2O
20.9.11ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
20.9.12YukoniteCa3Fe3+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
20.9.14Liskeardite[(Al,Fe)32(AsO4)18(OH)42(H2O)22] · 52H2O
20.9.15MapimiteZn2Fe33+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 10H2O
20.9.16OgdensburgiteCa2Fe43+(Zn,Mn2+)(AsO4)4(OH)6 · 6H2O
20.9.17WalentaiteH(Ca,Mn2+,Fe2+)Fe33+(AsO4,PO4)4 · 7H2O

Other Names for Dussertite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Dussertit
Simplified Chinese:绿砷钡铁石
Spanish:Dussertita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Dussertite

Reference List:
Barthoux (1925) Comptes rendu de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 180: 299.

Barth and Berman (1930) Chemie der Erde, Jena: 5: 36.

Larsen, E.S. and Berman, H. (1934) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, Second edition, USGS Bulletin 848: 91.

Foshag (1937) American Mineralogist: 22: 479.

McConnell (1942) American Journal of Science: 240: 651.

American Mineralogist (1943): 28: 63.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 839-840.

Walenta, K. (1966) Beitr¨age zur Kenntnis seltener Arsenatmineralien unter besonderer Ber¨ucksichtigung von Vorkommen des Schwarzwaldes. 3. Folge. Tschermaks Mineral. Petrog. Mitt., 11, 121–164 [129–132] (in German).

Kolitsch, U., P. G. Slade, E. R. T. Tiekink and A. Pring (1999): The structure of antimonian dussertite and the role of antimony in oxysalt minerals. Mineralogical Magazine: 63, 17-26.

Internet Links for Dussertite

Localities for Dussertite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Algeria
 
  • Constantine Province
    • Guelma
      • Hammam Meskoutine
C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris (1925): 180, 299; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 840.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Rudall River District
Downes, P. J., Hope, M., Bevan, A. W. R. and Henry, D. A. (2006): Chalcocite and associated secondary minerals from the Telfer gold mine, Western Australia. Austral. J. Mineral. 12, 25-42.
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Baise Prefecture
      • Debao Co.
Lairen Lai and Yi Li (1991): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 11(1), 83-85; Yi Li and Lairen Lai (1991): Acta Mineralogica Sinica, English Edition 4(2), 187-194; Yi Li (2001): Guangxi Geology 14(1), 61-64
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
        • Krásno (Schönfeld)
Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
Chris Auer collection
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Aude
      • Padern
Favreau, G., Berbain, C. & Meisser, N. (2003): Cyanophyllite et autres minéraux rares de Padern (Aude). Le Cahiers des Micromonteurs, 82(4), 17-23.
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Lot
      • Cuzac
Vincent Bourgoin collection
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Freudenstadt
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); U. Kolitsch, P. G. Slade, E. R. T. Tiekink and A. Pring (1999): The structure of antimonian dussertite and the role of antimony in oxysalt minerals. Mineral. Mag. 63, 17-26.
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
        • Reichenbach
Reppke, V.(1998): Dussertit, ein neues Mineral für das Vorkommen vom Borstein bei Reichenbach/Odenwald, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39, 191-192
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
        • Bärenstein
          • Niederschlag
Lapis, 19 (4), 13-22+50.
      • Schneeberg District
        • Neustädtel
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
    • Vogtland
      • Oelsnitz
Gröbner, J. and Kolitsch, U. (2007): The minerals of the uranium prospect at Tirpersdorf, Vogtland. Lapis 32, 37-42; 58. (in German)
Germany & Czech Republic
 
  • Saxony & Ústí Region (Bohemia; Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Erzgebirge; Krusné Hory Mts
Kolitsch, U. (1997): Das Ca-Analogon von Petersit und einige weitere Neufunde aus dem sächsisch-böhmischen Erzgebirge und dem Vogtland. Mineralien-Welt 8 (4), 17-20.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German). [identification announced; no description given yet]
Mexico
 
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Mapimí
      • Mapimí
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 913; Rocks & Minerals (1981): 56: 247.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Kavalerovo Mining District
[MinRec 32:8]
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Kütahya Province
Bernasconi, A., Glover, N., & Viljoen, R. P. (1980). The geology and geochemistry of the senator antimony deposit—Turkey. Mineralium Deposita, 15(3), 259-274.
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Carlin District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Handbook of Mineralogy
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Fitting District
        • Luning
          • Rhyolite Pass
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Mineral and/or Locality  
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