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Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
Named in 1970 by Gunnar Raade after the type locality, the Dypingdal Serpentine-magnesite deposit, Snarum, Modum, Buskerud, Norway
This page provides mineralogical data about Dypingite.

Classification of Dypingite

Approved 1970

D : Carbonates with additional anions, with H2O
A : With medium-sized cations

7 : Miscellaneous

11 : Carbonates
3 : Carbonates of Mg URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Dypingite

General Appearance of Type Material:
Globular aggregates often showing a radiating structure, occurring as a thin surface alteration product on serpentine, resembling hydromagnesite
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Natural History Museum, Oslo, Norway.
Year of Discovery:
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Serpentine-magnesite-deposit in Precambrian rocks
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Physical Properties of Dypingite

X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:

Optical Data of Dypingite

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.508 nβ = 1.510 nγ = 1.516
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.008
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:

Chemical Properties of Dypingite

Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Dypingite to other Species

5.DA.05GiorgiositeMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
5.DA.05HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
5.DA.05WidgiemoolthaliteNi5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
5.DA.05UM1986-10-CO:ClHMgMnZnMg5(Zn,Mn)3(CO3)2(OH,Cl)12 · H2O
5.DA.05UM1987-01-CO:HMgSMg4(CO3)2(OH)2 · 6H2O ?
5.DA.10ArtiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
5.DA.10IndigiriteMg2Al2(CO3)4(OH)2 · 15H2O
5.DA.10ChlorartiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
5.DA.15OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
5.DA.15ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O
5.DA.20KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
5.DA.25CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
5.DA.30Claraite(Cu,Zn)3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O
5.DA.35HydroscarbroiteAl14(CO3)3(OH)36 · nH2O
5.DA.35ScarbroiteAl5(CO3)(OH)13 · 5H2O
5.DA.40CaresiteFe42+Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
5.DA.40QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
5.DA.40CharmariteMn42+Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
5.DA.45Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
5.DA.45BrugnatelliteMg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
5.DA.45ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2O
5.DA.45Hydrotalcite-2HMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
5.DA.45Pyroaurite-2HMg6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
5.DA.45ZaccagnaiteZn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
5.DA.50ComblainiteNi4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
5.DA.50DesautelsiteMg6Mn23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
5.DA.50HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
5.DA.50Pyroaurite-3RMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
5.DA.50ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
5.DA.50StichtiteMg6Cr2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
5.DA.50TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
5.DA.50UM1998-10-CO:CoHNiCo6Fe2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O ?
5.DA.55CoalingiteMg10Fe23+(OH)24[CO3] · 2H2O
11.3.2BarringtoniteMgCO3 · 2H2O
11.3.3NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
11.3.4LansforditeMgCO3 · 5H2O
11.3.6ArtiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
11.3.7HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
11.3.8GiorgiositeMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O

Other Names for Dypingite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Light blue (both LW and SW)
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Dypingite

Reference List:
Raade, G. (1970) Dypingite, a new hydrous bascic carbonate of magnesium, from Norway. American Mineralogist, 55, 1457-1465.

Canterford, J.H., G. Tsambourakis, and B. Lambert (1984) Some observations on the properties of dypingite, Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2•5H2O and related minerals. Mineral. Mag., 48, 437–442.

Raade, G. (2012) Dypingite, my first new mineral-forty-two years later. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 53-63

Internet Links for Dypingite

The following Dypingite specimens are currently listed for sale on

Localities for Dypingite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Princess Elizabeth Land
      • Ingrid Christensen Coast
Gore, D.B., Creagh, D.C., Burgess, J.S., Colhoun, E.A. Spate, A.P. & Baird, A.S. (1996): Composition, distribution and origin of surficial salts in the Vestfold Hills, East Antartica. Antarctic Science. 8, 73-84
  • Tasmania
    • Heazlewood district
Anderson, P., Bottrill, R. & Davidson, P. (2002): Famous mineral localities: The Lord Brassey mine, Tasmania. Mineralogical Record 33, 321-332
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Reißeck group
        • Gmünd
Niedermayr, G., Praetzel, I. (1995): Mineralien Kärntens. Naturwiss. Verein für Kärnten, 1995, 232p.
          • Radlgraben
Niedermayr, G., Praetzel, I. (1995): Mineralien Kärntens. Naturwiss. Verein für Kärnten, 1995, 232p
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Persenbeug-Gottsdorf
        • Loja
Löffler, E. & Kolitsch, U. (2011): Die Mineralien der Loja bei Persenbeug, Niederösterreich (II). Mineralien-Welt. 22 (4): 51-62
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Stubach valley
Strasser, A. (1989): Die Minerale Salzburgs. Salzburg. 346p
  • Styria
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • St. Jakob-Breitenau
        • Eibegggraben
Bojar, H.-P. & Postl, W. (2005)
    • Leoben
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Liège Province
    • Verviers
      • Plombières-Vieille Montagne District (Plombières-Altenberg)
        • Plombières (Bleyberg)
van Tassel, R., (1979): Minéraux artificiels ou de néoformation à Plombières et Sclaigneaux, Belgique, Bulletin de la Societe Belge de Géologie, 88 (4), 273-279
  • Namur Province
    • Andenne
van Tassel, R., (1979): Minéraux artificiels ou de néoformation à Plombières et Sclaigneaux, Belgique, Bulletin de la Societe Belge de Géologie, 88 (4), 273-279
  • Yukon
    • Dawson Mining District
MinRec 23:4-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
  • Alsace
    • Haut-Rhin
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • Auvergne
    • Cantal
      • Cantal Mts
        • Salers
          • Saint-Projet-de-Salers
Oustrière et al. 1980, cited in Raade, G. (2012): Dypingite, my first new mineral-forty-two years later. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 53-63
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Ruhr Coal Mining area
      • Marl
        • Marl-Hüls
P Haas collection
    • Sauerland
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
Blaß, G. & Graf, H.W. (1994): Neufunde von bekannten Fundorten (IX). Mineralien-Welt, 5 (1), 18-21.
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
Henrich, M. (2008): Neues von der Grube Eisenzecher Zug. Mineralien-Welt 19 (5), 16-25.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Lahn valley
      • Bad Ems District
        • Braubach
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. & David, W. (1991): Die Blei- und Silberhütte Braubach und ihre Haldenminerale. Lapis, 16 (1), 38-49; 58 (in German).
Lapis, 16 (1), 38-53+58.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Mansfeld Basin
      • Hettstedt
Knoll, H. (2004): Die "Gottesbelohnungs-Hütte" in Hettstedt, Sachsen-Anhalt, und ihre Schlackenneubildungen. Mineralien-Welt 15 (2), 18-33
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
    • Saalfeld
      • Garnsdorf
F. Rüger, L. Senf & T. Witzke: Lapis 1995 (1), 15-26
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
        • Sounion area
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
No reference listed
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Recsk
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min.Spec., 1993; Sánoor Szakáll, Mária Foldvári, Gábor Papp, Péter Kovács-pálffy, Árpád Kovács (1997) Secondary Sulphate Minerals From Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-petrographica, Szeged, Xxxviii, Supplementum, 7-63.
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Parma Province
      • Berceto
        • Corchia mine
Adorni F., Guelfi F. (1997) - La miniera di Fe e Cu di Corchia, Berceto, Appennino Parmense. - Riv. Min. It. N 3, 217-250.
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Borzoli
M.E. Ciriotti, 2006
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Léssolo
          • Cálea
Campostrini, I. (2001): Le miniere di Brosso. Monografie XXIX. Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Ed., Torino, 185 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Nuoro Province
      • Gadoni
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
    • Sassari Province
      • Sassari
Ara D., Sanna L., Rossi A., Galli E., De Waele J. (2013): Minerali secondari in ambiente sotterraneo: la miniera dell’Argentiera (Sardegna nord-occidentale). In: Cucchi F., Gudi P. (eds.), Atti del XXI Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia “Diffusione delle conoscenze”, Sessione Attività di esplorazione e ricerca. Trieste 2-5 giugno 2011. Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste, 290-295.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Aichi prefecture
        • Shinshiro city
Suzuki J, Ito M, Sugiura T (1976) A new copper sulfate-carbonate hydroxide hydrate mineral, (Mn,Ni,Cu)8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6·48H2O, from Nakauri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology 71, 183-192
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Suzuki, J. & Ito, M. (1973): A new magnesium carbonate hydrate mineral, Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2•8H2O, from Yoshikawa, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. J. Japan. Assoc. Min. Petr. Econ. Geol., 68, 353–361.
Norway (TL)
  • Buskerud
    • Modum
      • Snarum
Raade, G.(1970): Dypingite, a new hydrous bascic carbonate of magnesium, from Norway. American Mineralogist. 55, 1457-1465; Raade, G. (2012): Dypingite, my first new mineral-forty-two years later. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter. 49, 53-63
  • Sogn og Fjordane
    • Fjaler
      • Hellevika
Raade, G. (1993): Giorgsite, dypingite and nesquehonite from Sunnfjord. In: Interne notater 1990-1993, Mineralogisk-Geologisk Museum- Universitetet i Oslo. Utgitt av Geologisk Museums Venner 1993, p. 188-189. [Not officially published]
  • Sør-Trøndelag
    • Røros
XRD at Natural History Museum, Oslo, Norway on specimen collected by Knut Eldjarn in 1973
  • Bihor Co.
Ionescu,C. & Ghergari, L (1999): Dypingite; product of the brucite alteration in the Budureasa-Pietroasa area (Bihor Mts., Romania). Romanian Journal of Mineralogy. 79 (Suppl. 1), 41
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
      • Tolbachik volcano
        • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
  • England
    • Cumbria
Green, D.I. & Young, B. (2006): Hydromagnesite and dypingite from the Northern Pennine Orefield, northern England. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society. 56, 151-154
  • Scotland
    • Shetland Islands
      • Unst
        • Baltasound-Haroldswick area
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • California
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • Picacho Peak
            • Clear Creek area Cisneros, S.L.; Witkowski, R.E. & Oswald, D.L. (1977): Artinite from San Benito County, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 457-460
            • Northeast of Picacho Peak
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 199, 201.
  • Colorado
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Clear Creek pegmatite Province
        • Robinson Gulch pegmatite
Cobban et al., 1997, Minerals of Colorado.
  • Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Paradise Range
        • Gabbs District
Martin Jensen collection
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
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