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Eosphorite

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Formula:
(Mn2+,Fe2+)Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Usually Pale Brown, ...
Lustre:
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous
Hardness:
5
Name:
Named in 1878 by George J. Brush and Edward S. Dana from the Greek έωσφορος for "dawn-bearing," in allusion to the pink colour of the original material.
Isostructural with:

Classification of Eosphorite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
8.DD.20

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4= 2:1
42.7.1.2

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
7 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
19.12.55

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn
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First Recorded Occurrence of Eosphorite

Place of Conservation of First Recorded Material:
Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA: 3.3231, 3.5847.
Year of Discovery:
1878
Geological Setting of First Recorded Material:
Granite Pegmatite
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Occurrences of Eosphorite

Geological Setting:
Secondary mineral in phosphate bearing granitic pegmatites.

Physical Properties of Eosphorite

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Usually Pale Brown, Golden Brown, also Medium Brown to Dark Brown; occasionally Pink, Rose red
Comment:
Brown to black when oxidized
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
5
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Poor/Indistinct
Poor on {100}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
3.06 - 3.08 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.04 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Eosphorite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Cmca
Space Group Setting:
Cmca
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.928(1) Å, b = 10.445(1) Å, c = 13.501(2) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.663 : 1 : 1.293
Unit Cell Volume:
V 976.97 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
Crystals, commonly short to long prismatic, in planar radial or spherical radiating groups, with wedge-shaped terminations; globular, rarely massive.
Twinning:
May exhibit twinning on {100} and {001}, observable optically.
Comment:
Originally thought to be monoclinic, twinned pseudo-orthorhombic.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.23 (50)
4.39 (50)
3.55 (50)
3.41 (50)
2.826 (100)
2.422 (60)
1.535 (50)
Comments:
ICDD 17-131

Optical Data of Eosphorite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.628 - 1.644 nβ = 1.648 - 1.673 nγ = 1.657 - 1.679
2V:
Measured: 45° to 50°, Calculated: 54° to 66°
Birefringence:
0.032
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.029 - 0.035
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v strong
Optical Extinction:
Y^c = 4°-8°. XYZ = bac
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X= yellow
Y= pink
Z= pale pink to colorless

Chemical Properties of Eosphorite

Formula:
(Mn2+,Fe2+)Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Fe

Relationship of Eosphorite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Childrenite (see here)
Common Associates:
8.DD.05ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
8.DD.05LuetheiteCu2Al2(AsO4)2(OH)4
8.DD.10Akrochordite(Mn2+,Mg)5(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
8.DD.10GuanacoiteCu2Mg3(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 4H2O
8.DD.15Aheylite(Fe2+,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
8.DD.15ChalcosideriteCu(Fe3+,Al)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
8.DD.15Faustite(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
8.DD.15PlaneriteAl6(PO4)2(HPO4)2(OH)8 · 4 H2O
8.DD.15TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
8.DD.15AfmiteAl3(OH)4(H2O)3(PO4)(PO3OH) · H2O
8.DD.20Childrenite(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
8.DD.20Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
19.12.1MetaswitzeriteMn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.2BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
19.12.3NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4
19.12.4SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)
19.12.5Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2O
19.12.6RobertsiteCa3Mn43+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
19.12.7PararobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
19.12.8SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2O
19.12.9MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
19.12.11Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
19.12.12Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)
19.12.13Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
19.12.14LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
19.12.15FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
19.12.16RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
19.12.17Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
19.12.18LandesiteMn2+3-xFex3+(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
19.12.19Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
19.12.20Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
19.12.21EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
19.12.22Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.23Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
19.12.24LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.25PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.26StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
19.12.27StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.28Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
19.12.30Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
19.12.31JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36
19.12.32WicksiteNaCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)4MgFe3+(PO4)6 · 2H2O
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
19.12.34Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
19.12.35Ludlamite(Fe,Mn,Mg)3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.36Graftonite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3(PO4)2
19.12.37WilhelmvierlingiteCaMnFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
19.12.38FairfielditeCa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
19.12.39Beusite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Ca,Mg)3(PO4)2
19.12.40MesseliteCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.44KeckiteCaMn2+Fe23+Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)3(H2O)7
19.12.45StanfielditeCa7Ca2Mg9(PO4)12
19.12.46Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
19.12.47ZodaciteCa4Mn2+Fe43+(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
19.12.48HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe22+(PO4)3
19.12.49Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3
19.12.50VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
19.12.51GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
19.12.52Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
19.12.53Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
19.12.54Lun'okite(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO4)2OH · 4H2O
19.12.56Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
19.12.57Childrenite(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
19.12.58BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6
19.12.59QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg){Ca}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.63Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.64ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
19.12.65Samuelsonite(Ca,Ba)Ca8Fe22+Mn22+Al2(PO4)10(OH)2

Other Names for Eosphorite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Not fluorescent in UV
Other Information:
Soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Eosphorite

Reference List:
Brush and Dana (1878) American Journal of Science: 16: 35.

Penfield (1878) American Journal of Science: 16: 40.

Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 1 (1913); vol. 2: 136.

Slavík (1914) Bull. Ac. Sc. Bohême: 14, no. 4.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 57, 72.

Landes (1925) American Mineralogist: 10: 384 (Vassar analysis).

Palache and Shannon (1928).

Hurlbut, C. (1950) Childrenite- eosphorite series. American Mineralogist: 35: 793–805.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 936–939.

Pajunen, A. and S.I. Lahti (1984) The crystal structure of viitaniemiite. American Mineralogist: 69: 961–966.

Hoyos, M.A., Calderon, T., Vergara, I., and Garcia-Solé, J. (1993): New structural and spectroscopic data for eosphorite. Mineralogical Magazine 57, 329-336.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 157.

Internet Links for Eosphorite

Specimens:
The following Eosphorite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Eosphorite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Afghanistan
 
Joseph Freillich
  • Nuristan Province (Nurestan Province; Nooristan Province; Nuristan)
    • Kamdesh District
Lyckberg, P. (2011): Edelstein-Pegmatite in Afghanistan: Paprok. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (3): 46-57
    • Nuristan District
Bariand, P. and Poullen, J.F. (1978). Famous mineral localities: The pegmatites of Laghman - Nuristan - Afghanistan. Mineralogical Record. 9: 301-308.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
    • Punilla Department
      • Tanti
Dina, H. (1993). Hentschelita en Cerro Blanco, Tanti, Córdoba. Informacion Tecnologica, 48(3-4), 277-282.
American Mineralogist (1978): 53: 416-431.
  • Salta
    • Nevados de Palermo
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); Galliski, M. A. (1983). Distrito minero El Quemado, Deptos. La Poma y Cachi, provincia de Salta. II. Geología de sus pegmatitas. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argentina, 38, 340-380.
Galliski, M. A., & Hawthorne, F. C. (2002). Refinement of the crystal structure of ushkovite from Nevados de Palermo, Republica Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 929-937.
  • San Luis
    • Coronel Pringles Department
      • Totoral pegmatitic field
OYARZABAL, J. and GALLISKI, M.A.. Hureaulite, Mn+25(H2O)4[PO3(OH)]2[PO4]2, from different deposits of the Totoral pegmatitic field, San Luis. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.2, pp. 210-216.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Kapunda
Peter Elliott & Vince Peisley, Aust Jnl Mineralogy, in prep
  • Victoria
    • Buloke Shire
      • Wycheproof
W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Doce valley
      • Conselheiro Pena
Natural History Museum Collections (London 2008); Chukanov, N.V., Scholz, R., Zubkova, N.V., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Van, K.V., Lagoeiro, L., Graça, L.M., Krambrock, K., de Oliveira, L.C.A., Menezes Filho, L.A.D., Sa Carneiro Chaves, M.L., Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2014): Correianevesite, Fe2+Mn2+2(PO4)2·3H2O, a new reddingite-group mineral from the Cigana mine, Conselheiro Pena, Minas Gerais, Brazil. American Mineralogist, 99, 811-816
      • Divino das Laranjeiras
        • Linópolis
Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:249
Atencio et al (2005) Roscherite-Group Minerals from Brazil, Axis (Min Rec), Vol 1, #6, p.1 (2005)
Cassedanne, J.P. (1983): Famous minera localities: The Córrego Frio Mine and vicinity, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record 14: 227-237
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
        • Sapucaia do Norte
Baijot, M., Hatert, F. & Philippo, S. (2012): Mineralogy and geochemistry of phosphates and silicates in the Sapucaia pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil: Genetic implications. Canadian Mineralogist. 50, 1531-1554
[www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
Atencio, D., Coutinho, J.M.V., Mascarenhas, Y.P., Ellena, J. (2006): Matioliite, the Mg-analog of burangaite, from Gentil mine, Mendes Pimentel, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and other occurrences. American Mineralogist, 91, 1932-1936.
[MinRec 14:233]
    • Jequitinhonha Valley
dan weinrich
      • Itinga
www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_best_shots/Pegmatites_shots.html.
        • Monte Belo
        • Taquaral
Moore, P. B., & Ito, J. (1978). I, Whiteite, a new species, and a proposed nomenclature for the jahnsite-whiteite complex series; II, New data on xanthoxenite; III, Salmonsite discredited. Mineralogical Magazine, 42(323), 309-323.
          • Piauí valley
Knute Eldjarn
Van King
Luis Menezes
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Pedra Lavrada
Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
  • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Parelhas
[MinRec 29:196]
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Cross Lake
      • North Group
        • (Gottcha Claim)
ERCIT, S.T., TAIT, K.T., COOPER, M.A. ABDU, Y., BALL, N.A., ANDERSON, A.J., ČERNÝ, P. & HAWTHORNE, F.C. (2010) Manitobaite, Na16Mn2+25Al8(PO4)30, a new phosphate mineral species from Cross Lake, Manitoba, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 48, 1455-1463.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Lunenburg Co.
R.A.A. Johnston, "A List of Canadian Mineral Occurrences", Memoir 74, Can. Dept. Mines, 1915.
  • Yukon Territory
    • Dawson Mining District
MinRec 23:4-47
[Mineralogical Record Vol 23 No.4 pp19]
Cindy Hasler (canadianminerals.net) specimens
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Plzeň Region
      • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
        • Otov
Masau, M., Staněk, J., Černý, P., Chapman, R. (2000). Metasomatic wolfeite and associated phosphates from the Otov I granitic pegmatite, western Bohemia. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 159-173.
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38
    • Seinäjoki
      • Peräseinäjoki
Hytönen, Kai 1999. Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu.
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
DE ROSEN, A. (1965): Évolution continue d'un massif granitique et succession minérale : le massif des Colettes (Échassieres, Allier). Première partie : Granites et micaschistes. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 88, 678-687.
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
Berbain,C., Riley, T., Favreau, G., (2012): Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs. 117, 121-172
        • Collioure (Cotlliure)
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012) Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association Française de Microminéralogie
  • Limousin
    • Creuse
      • Soumans
        • Montebras
Patureau, J., Chiappero, P-J. & Lebocey, J. (2011): Mines et minéraux de Montebras, Soumans, Creuse. Le Règne Minéral. 99, 5-33; Patureau, J., Chiappero, P-J. & Lebocey, J. (2011): Mines et minéraux de Montebras, Soumans, Creuse. Le Règne Minéral. 99, 5-33
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Zwiesel
        • Rabenstein
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Erbendorf
        • Hopfau
http://www.vfmg-weiden.de/min.htm
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Colico
Gramaccioli C.M. (1975) - Minerali alpini e prealpini. Vpl. I, pagg. 214-215. Ist. Ital. Ed. Atlas, Bergamo
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Ibaraki Prefecture
        • Kasumigaura City
          • Chiyoda-machi
Matsubara, S. & Kato, A. (1980) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 14, 269-286.
    • Kinki region
      • Mie Prefecture
        • Kuwana City
Ryoji Tanaka specimen
Kazakhstan
 
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Kalba Range
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Mozambique
 
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Etiro Farm 50
http://portal.unesco.org/es/file_download.php/520f77b01696f95e88bb9e1ab0e64196Gondwana+Park+draft2corr.pdf.
      • Goabeb Farm 63
Mineralogical Research Co. specimen
      • Okatjimukuju Farm 55 (Friedrichsfelde Farm)
P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
      • Okongava Ost Farm 72
P. Keller et al., NJMA 183, 197-201 (2007)
      • Tsaobismund Farm 85
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 537 pp (in English).
      • Usakos
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).
Keller, P. (1974): Phosphatmineralien aus Pegmatiten Südwestafrikas, Der Aufschluss 25, 577-591.
Pakistan
 
  • Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas)
    • Baltistan
      • Skardu District
        • Haramosh Mts.
          • Chamachhu
TVM Specimen
Harvard Museum of Natural History specimen no. 138184.
Portugal
 
  • Guarda District
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
Pedro Alves collection
Pedro Alves collection
  • Viana do Castelo District
    • Caminha
      • Arga de Baixo
no reference ( self-finds )
    • Ponte de Lima
      • Moreira do Lima
Pedro Alves collection
  • Vila Real District
Martins, T., Lima, A., Simmons, W.B. Falster, A.U. & Noronha, F. (2011): Geochemical fractionation of Nb-Ta oxides in Li-bearing pegmatites from the Barroso-Alvão pegmatite field, Northern Portugal. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 777-791
Novák, M. et al. (2009): Ferronigerite with dominant substitution TiSn-1 in muscovite+chlorite aggregate from massive quartz nodule associated with a petalite-rich aplite-pegmatite of the Barroso-Alvão pegmatite field, Northern Portugal. N. Jb. Mineral. Abh. 186, 67-78.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
Gonevchuk, V. G., Korostelev, P. G., & Semenyak, B. I. (2005). Genesis of the Tigrinoe tin deposit (Russia). Geology Of Ore Deposits C/C Of Geologiia Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 47(3), 223.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva: 121(2): 95-103(1992); Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
    • Gatumba District
Bertossa, A., 1967. Inventaire des minéraux du Rwanda. Bulletin du Service Géologique de Rwanda 4, 25-45.; Daltry, V.D.C. and O. von Knorring (1998) Type-Mineralogy of Rwanda with Particular Reference to the Buranga Pegmatite. Geologica Belgica 1:1-9
F. Hatert, P. Lefèvre, A.M. Fransolet, M.R. Spirlet, F. Fontan, P. Keller : "Ferrorosemaryite, []NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3, a new phosphate mineral from the Rubindi pegmatite, Rwanda", Bull. Liaison S.F.M.C., Vol. 16, 2004, pp 44-45.
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
      • Garcirrey
Encarnación Roda-Robles, Alfonso Pesquera (2007) Locality no. 4: The Phosphates-Rich Cañada Pegmatite (Aldehuela de La Bóveda, Salamanca, Spain) in ALEXANDRE LIMA & ENCARNACIÓN RODA ROBLES ed (2007) GRANITIC PEGMATITES: THE STATE OF THE ART - FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK. MEMÓRIAS N. º 9, UNIV. DO PORTO, FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS, DEPARTAMENTO DE GEOLOGIA pp 67-72.
    • Zamora
      • Villar del Buey
        • Pinilla de Fermoselle
Am Min 90:1887-1899
  • Galicia
    • Lugo
      • Viveiro
Canosa, Francisco, Fuertes-Fuente, Mercedes and Martín-Izard, Agustín (2011): Fluid inclusion study of Ponte Segade rare-element deposit, northern of Galicia, Spain: Preliminary results. European Current Research on Fluid Inclusions (ECROFI-XXI), Montanuniversität Leoben, Austria, 9–11 August, 2011. Abstracts, p. 56.
Sweden
 
  • Södermanland
    • Norrö
Gustafsson, Lars & Otter, Bertil (1991): Mineralförekomster i Stockholmstrakten.Del 2. STEIN 18(4),4-12
    • Utö
Gustafsson, Lars (1991): Eosphorit från Utö. Berg & Mineral(Medlemstidning för Stockholms Amatørgeologiska Sällskap). 1, nr 1, p. 18; Berg & Mineral nr 2, 1991, p. 11
  • Uppland
    • Sigtuna
      • Arlanda
No reference listed
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
Sandström, F. (2008) Varuträskpegmatiten. Litofilen, 25 (2), 17-46
Uganda
 
  • Mbarara District
    • Ankole pegmatite field
Oleg von Knorring, Th. G. Sahama and Jaakko Siivola (1979) Zincian Staurolite from Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine 43:446
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Yavapai Co.
AmMin 67: 97-113 (1982)
        • Independence Gulch
Am Min 67:97-113
  • California
    • San Diego Co.
      • Jacumba District
        • Jacumba
          • Tule Mountain (Mount Tule; Tulley Mountain)
Mineralogical Record 33(5):363-407
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield Co.
      • Redding (Reading)
        • Branchville
Brush and Dana (1878); American Mineralogist (1946): 31: 329-345; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 671, 718, 855, 938.; Rocks & Minerals (1995) 70:396-409
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Portland
        • Collins Hill
          • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Auburn
        • East Mount Apatite District
No reference listed
"Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998
        • West Mount Apatite District
No reference listed
      • Poland
King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Baldwin
        • West Baldwin
Thompson, W.B., et,al., 2000, Rocks & Minerals, vol. 75, no. 6, pgs 408-418; Rocks and Minerals (1999) 74:188,189
    • Oxford Co.
      • Buckfield
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1, King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
      • Greenwood
"Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998; Mineral News (1993) 9:2 p. 8; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
Mineral News (1995) 11:2 pp1,2,5
      • Hebron
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 938.
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2, with updates by Van King
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine.
Shaub, B., 1940, On the Origin of Some Pegmatites in the Town of Newry, Maine, AM 25:673.
"Mineralogy of Maine, Vol. 1" by King, V.T. & Foord, E.E., Maine Geologic Survey, 1994
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1; King, V, 2006, Minerals of Halls Ridge and Plumbago-Puzzle Mountain, Newry, Oxford County, Maine, Mineral News, v. 22 (6), p. 1-3.
      • Norway
No reference listed
      • Paris
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 938.; Mineralogical Record 22:382 King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
No reference listed
      • Rumford
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, volume 1.
No reference listed
      • Stoneham
W. B. Thompson, D. L. Joyner, R. G. Woodman, and V. T. King (2005) A Collector's Guide to Maine Mineral Localities. Maine Geological Survey Bulletin 41
W. B. Thompson, D. L. Joyner, R. G. Woodman, and V. T. King (2005) A Collector's Guide to Maine Mineral Localities. Maine Geological Survey Bulletin 41
    • Sagadahoc Co.
      • Georgetown
No reference listed
P Cristofono collection/ ex- C. Trebilcock
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Van King
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 938.; Am. Min. 50 (1965), 713-717; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 353; NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
Whitmore & Lawrence, 2004. The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p. 96.; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
      • Orange
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
    • Strafford Co.
      • Strafford
        • Parker Mountain
Switzer (1938) The Paragenesis of the Center Strafford, New Hampshire Pegmatite. American Mineralogist 23:811; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241; USGS Prof Paper 255
    • Sullivan Co.
      • Newport
Morrill, P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Minerals.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Van King
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl,2004,Minerals and their Localities,pg #198; Am Min 54 (1969), 1467-1469; Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
    • Gaston Co.
      • Bessemer City
Magma Field Trip Reports
No reference listed
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Fourmile
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Keystone
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
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