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Epistilbite

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Formula:
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:Colorless, white, ...
Hardness:4
Member of:Zeolite Group
Name:From the greek for near and stilbite
Dimorph of:Goosecreekite

Classification of Epistilbite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/J.22-40
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.GD.45

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
D : Chains of 6-membered rings – tabular zeolites
Dana 8th edition ID:77.1.6.2

77 : TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
1 : Zeolite group - True zeolites
Hey's CIM Ref.:16.9.26

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
9 : Aluminosilicates of Ca
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Type Occurrence of Epistilbite

Co-type Localities:Teigarhorn, Berufjördur, Suður-Múlasýsla, Eastern Region, Iceland
Breiðdalur- Berufjörður area, Suður-Múlasýsla, Eastern Region, Iceland
Year of Discovery:1826

Occurrences of Epistilbite

Geological Setting:Cavities in basalts and gneisses

Physical Properties of Epistilbite

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Colour:Colorless, white, pinkish, yellowish
Streak:white
Hardness (Mohs):4
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Perfect
Perfect on {010}
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):2.22 - 2.28 g/cm3
Density (calculated):2.266 g/cm3

Crystallography of Epistilbite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 9.08Å, b = 17.74Å, c = 10.25Å
β = 124.5°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.512 : 1 : 0.578
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,360.68 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:3
Morphology:Crystals prismatic; spherulitic, sheaflike aggregates
Twinning:Always on {100}, {110} penetration crosses
Crystal Atlas:
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Epistilbite no.1 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Epistilbite no.3 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Epistilbite no.11 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Epistilbite no.12 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)

About Crystal Atlas

The mindat.org Crystal Atlas allows you to view a selection of crystal drawings of real and idealised crystal forms for this mineral and, in certain cases, 3d rotating crystal objects. The 3d models and HTML5 code are kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

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Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Optical Data of Epistilbite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.502 nβ = 1.510 nγ = 1.512
2V:Measured: 44° , Calculated: 52°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.010

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low
Dispersion:r < v strong

Chemical Properties of Epistilbite

Formula:
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:CaAl2Si6O16·5H2O
Essential elements:Al, Ca, H, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Al, Ca, H, O, Si
Common Impurities:Fe,Mg,Na,K

Relationship of Epistilbite to other Species

Member of:Zeolite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Alflarsenite
NaCa
 
2
Be
 
3
Si
 
4
O
 
13
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
Amicite
K
 
2
Na
 
2
Al
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
Ammonioleucite
(NH
 
4
,K)(AlSi
 
2
O
 
6
)
Analcime
Na
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
Barrerite
(Na,K,Ca
 
0.5
)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
] · 7H
 
2
O
Beaumontite (of Lévy)
Bellbergite
(K,Ba,Sr)
 
2
Sr
 
2
Ca
 
2
(Ca,Na)
 
4
[Al
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
]
 
6
· 30H
 
2
O
Bikitaite
LiAlSi
 
2
O
 
6
· H
 
2
O
Boggsite
Ca
 
8
Na
 
3
(Si,Al)
 
96
O
 
192
· 70H
 
2
O
Brewsterite
Brewsterite-Ba
(Ba,Sr)[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
Brewsterite-Sr
(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chabazite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
,Sr,Mg)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Levyne Subgroup
Chabazite-Mg
(Mg
 
0.7
K
 
0.5
Ca
 
0.5
Na
 
0.1
)[Al
 
3
Si
 
9
O
 
24
]·10H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca,Sr,Mg)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Sr
Sr
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chiavennite
CaMnBe
 
2
Si
 
5
O
 
13
(OH)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
Clinoptilolite-Ca
(Ca,Na,K)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Clinoptilolite-K
(K,Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Clinoptilolite-Na
(Na,K,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Cowlesite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 6H
 
2
O
Dachiardite-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
,K
 
2
)
 
5
Al
 
10
Si
 
38
O
 
96
· 25H
 
2
O
Dachiardite-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)
 
5
Al
 
10
Si
 
38
O
 
96
· 25H
 
2
O
Direnzoite
NaK
 
6
MgCa
 
2
(Al
 
13
Si
 
47
O
 
120
) · 36H
 
2
O
Edingtonite
Ba[Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
] · 4H
 
2
O
Erionite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
)
 
2
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
] · 15H
 
2
O
Erionite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
)
 
2
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
] · 15H
 
2
O
Erionite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca)
 
2
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
] · 15H
 
2
O
Faujasite Subgroup
Faujasite-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
,Mg)
 
3.5
[Al
 
7
Si
 
17
O
 
48
] · 32H
 
2
O
Faujasite-Mg
(Mg,Na
 
2
,Ca)
 
3.5
[Al
 
7
Si
 
17
O
 
48
] · 32H
 
2
O
Faujasite-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca,Mg)
 
3.5
[Al
 
7
Si
 
17
O
 
48
] · 32H
 
2
O
Ferrierite
Ferrierite-K
(K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Mg,Ca)
 
3-5
Mg[Al
 
5-7
Si
 
27.5-31
O
 
72
] · 18H
 
2
O
Ferrierite-Mg
(Mg,Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca)
 
3-5
Mg[Al
 
5-7
Si
 
27.5-31
O
 
72
] · 18H
 
2
O
Ferrierite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Mg,Ca)
 
3-5
Mg[Al
 
5-7
Si
 
27.5-31
O
 
72
] · 18H
 
2
O
Ferrochiavennite
Ca
 
1-2
Fe[(Si,Al,Be)
 
5
Be
 
2
O
 
13
(OH)
 
2
]•2H
 
2
O
Flörkeite
(K
 
3
Ca
 
2
Na)[Al
 
8
Si
 
8
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
Garronite
Na
 
2
Ca
 
5
Al
 
12
Si
 
20
O
 
64
· 27H
 
2
O
Gaultite
Na
 
4
Zn
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
· 5H
 
2
O
Gismondine
Gismondine-Ba
Ba
 
2
Al
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
16
· 4-6H
 
2
O
Gismondine-Ca
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
· 4H
 
2
O
Gmelinite
Gmelinite-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Gmelinite-K
(K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Ca)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Gmelinite-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Gobbinsite
Na
 
4
(Ca,Mg,K
 
2
)Al
 
6
Si
 
10
O
 
32
· 12H
 
2
O
Gonnardite
(Na,Ca)
 
2
(Si,Al)
 
5
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
Goosecreekite
Ca[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
Gottardiite
Na
 
3
Mg
 
3
Ca
 
5
Al
 
19
Si
 
117
O
 
272
· 93H
 
2
O
Harmotome
(Ba
 
0.5
,Ca
 
0.5
,K,Na)
 
5
[Al
 
5
Si
 
11
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Ba
(Ba,Ca,K,Na,Sr)
 
5
Al
 
9
Si
 
27
O
 
72
· 22H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Ca
(Ca,Na)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-K
(K,Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Na
(Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Sr
(Sr,Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Hsianghualite
Ca
 
3
Li
 
2
(Be
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
)F
 
2
Kirchhoffite
Cs(BSi
 
2
O
 
6
)
Laumontite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
· 4H
 
2
O
Leucite
K(AlSi
 
2
O
 
6
)
Lévyne
Lévyne-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
,K
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Lévyne-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Lovdarite
K
 
2
Na
 
6
Be
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
•9H
 
2
O
Maricopaite
Pb
 
7
Ca
 
2
(Si,Al)
 
48
O
 
100
· 32H
 
2
O
Mazzite-Mg
(Mg,K,Ca)
 
5
(Si
 
26
Al
 
10
)O
 
72
· 28H
 
2
O
Mazzite-Na
Na
 
8
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
]
 
2
· 30H
 
2
O
Merlinoite
(K,Na)
 
5
(Ca,Ba)
 
2
Al
 
9
Si
 
23
O
 
64
· 23H
 
2
O
Mesolite
Na
 
2
Ca
 
2
Si
 
9
Al
 
6
O
 
30
· 8H
 
2
O
Montesommaite
(K,Na)
 
9
Al
 
9
Si
 
23
O
 
64
· 10H
 
2
O
Mordenite
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)Al
 
2
Si
 
10
O
 
24
· 7H
 
2
O
Mutinaite
Na
 
3
Ca
 
4
Si
 
85
Al
 
11
O
 
192
· 60H
 
2
O
Nabesite
Na
 
2
BeSi
 
4
O
 
10
· 4H
 
2
O
Natrolite
Na
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 2H
 
2
O
Natrolite Subgroup
Offretite
KCaMgAl
 
5
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 16H
 
2
O or near
Pahasapaite
Li
 
8
(Ca,Li,K)
 
10.5
Be
 
24
(PO
 
4
)
 
24
· 38H
 
2
O
Paranatrolite
Na
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
Parthéite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
· 2H
 
2
O
Paulingite
Paulingite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O
Paulingite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O
Paulingite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O
Perlialite
K
 
9
Na(Ca,Sr)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
6
· 15H
 
2
O
Phillipsite-Ca
(Ca
 
0.5
,K,Na,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
.
 
12H2O
Phillipsite-K
(K,Na,Ca
 
0.5
,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
]
.
 
12H
 
2
O
Phillipsite-Na
(Na,K,Ca
 
0.5
,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
Pollucite
(Cs,Na)
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
Roggianite
Ca
 
2
Be(OH)
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
13
· 2.5H
 
2
O
Scolecite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
Stellerite
Ca[Al
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
] · 7H
 
2
O
Stilbite-Ca
NaCa
 
4
[Al
 
9
Si
 
27
O
 
72
] · nH
 
2
O
Stilbite-Na
(Na,Ca,K)
 
6-7
[Al
 
8
Si
 
28
O
 
72
] · nH
 
2
O
Strontiohurlbutite
SrBe
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
Terranovaite
(Na,Ca)
 
8
(Si
 
68
Al
 
12
)O
 
160
· 29H
 
2
O
Tetranatrolite
Thomsonite-Ca
NaCa
 
2
[Al
 
5
Si
 
5
O
 
20
] · 6H
 
2
O
Thomsonite-Sr
Na(Sr,Ca)
 
2
[Al
 
5
Si
 
5
O
 
20
] · 7H
 
2
O
Tschernichite
(Ca,Na
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 4-8H
 
2
O
Tschörtnerite
Ca
 
4
(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)
 
3
Cu
 
3
[(OH)
 
2
|Al
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
]
 
4
· nH
 
2
O
Wairakite
Ca(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
Weinebeneite
CaBe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Wenkite
(Ba,K)
 
4
(Ca,Na)
 
6
[(SO
 
4
)
 
3
|(Si,Al)
 
20
O
 
39
(OH)
 
2
] · 0.5H
 
2
O
Willhendersonite
KCa[Al
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
] · 5H
 
2
O
Yugawaralite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 4H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.GD.05Gmelinite-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
9.GD.05Gmelinite-K
(K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Ca)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
9.GD.05Gmelinite-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
9.GD.10Willhendersonite
KCa[Al
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
] · 5H
 
2
O
9.GD.10Chabazite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
9.GD.10Chabazite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
,Sr,Mg)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
9.GD.10Chabazite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca,Sr,Mg)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
9.GD.10Chabazite-Sr
Sr
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
9.GD.10Chabazite-Mg
(Mg
 
0.7
K
 
0.5
Ca
 
0.5
Na
 
0.1
)[Al
 
3
Si
 
9
O
 
24
]·10H
 
2
O
9.GD.15Lévyne-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
,K
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
9.GD.15Lévyne-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
9.GD.20Bellbergite
(K,Ba,Sr)
 
2
Sr
 
2
Ca
 
2
(Ca,Na)
 
4
[Al
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
]
 
6
· 30H
 
2
O
9.GD.20Erionite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
)
 
2
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
] · 15H
 
2
O
9.GD.20Erionite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
)
 
2
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
] · 15H
 
2
O
9.GD.20Erionite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca)
 
2
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
] · 15H
 
2
O
9.GD.25Offretite
KCaMgAl
 
5
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 16H
 
2
O or near
9.GD.25Wenkite
(Ba,K)
 
4
(Ca,Na)
 
6
[(SO
 
4
)
 
3
|(Si,Al)
 
20
O
 
39
(OH)
 
2
] · 0.5H
 
2
O
9.GD.30Faujasite-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
,Mg)
 
3.5
[Al
 
7
Si
 
17
O
 
48
] · 32H
 
2
O
9.GD.30Faujasite-Mg
(Mg,Na
 
2
,Ca)
 
3.5
[Al
 
7
Si
 
17
O
 
48
] · 32H
 
2
O
9.GD.30Faujasite-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca,Mg)
 
3.5
[Al
 
7
Si
 
17
O
 
48
] · 32H
 
2
O
9.GD.35Maricopaite
Pb
 
7
Ca
 
2
(Si,Al)
 
48
O
 
100
· 32H
 
2
O
9.GD.35Mordenite
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)Al
 
2
Si
 
10
O
 
24
· 7H
 
2
O
9.GD.40Dachiardite-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
,K
 
2
)
 
5
Al
 
10
Si
 
38
O
 
96
· 25H
 
2
O
9.GD.40Dachiardite-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)
 
5
Al
 
10
Si
 
38
O
 
96
· 25H
 
2
O
9.GD.50Ferrierite-K
(K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Mg,Ca)
 
3-5
Mg[Al
 
5-7
Si
 
27.5-31
O
 
72
] · 18H
 
2
O
9.GD.50Ferrierite-Mg
(Mg,Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca)
 
3-5
Mg[Al
 
5-7
Si
 
27.5-31
O
 
72
] · 18H
 
2
O
9.GD.50Ferrierite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Mg,Ca)
 
3-5
Mg[Al
 
5-7
Si
 
27.5-31
O
 
72
] · 18H
 
2
O
9.GD.55Bikitaite
LiAlSi
 
2
O
 
6
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
16.9.1Gehlenite
Ca
 
2
Al(AlSiO
 
7
)
16.9.2Anorthite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
16.9.3Yoshiokaite
(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O
 
4
]
16.9.4Svyatoslavite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
16.9.5Dmisteinbergite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
16.9.6Grossular
Ca
 
3
Al
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
16.9.7Vuagnatite
CaAl(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
16.9.8Zoisite
{Ca
 
2
}{Al
 
3
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
16.9.9Clinozoisite
{Ca
 
2
}{Al
 
3
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
16.9.10Prehnite
Ca
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
(OH)
 
2
16.9.11Kamaishilite
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
2
SiO
 
6
)(OH)
 
2
16.9.12Bicchulite
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
2
SiO
 
6
)(OH)
 
2
16.9.13Margarite
CaAl
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
16.9.14Chantalite
CaAl
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
16.9.15Cebollite
Ca
 
5
Al
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
4
16.9.17Katoite
Ca
 
3
Al
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3-x
(OH)
 
4x
16.9.18Lawsonite
CaAl
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
16.9.19Parthéite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
· 2H
 
2
O
16.9.20Wairakite
Ca(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
16.9.21Vertumnite
Ca
 
4
Al
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
6
(OH)
 
24
· 3H
 
2
O
16.9.22Scolecite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
16.9.23Laumontite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
· 4H
 
2
O
16.9.24Yugawaralite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 4H
 
2
O
16.9.25Gismondine-Ca
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
· 4H
 
2
O
16.9.27Goosecreekite
Ca[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
16.9.28Cowlesite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 6H
 
2
O
16.9.30Stellerite
Ca[Al
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
] · 7H
 
2
O
16.9.31Strätlingite
Ca
 
2
Al
 
2
SiO
 
7
· 8H
 
2
O
16.9.32Amstallite
CaAl(Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
8
(OH)
 
4
· (H
 
2
O,Cl)

Other Names for Epistilbite

Synonyms:
MonophaneOriziteOryzite
Other Languages:
German:Epistilbit
Makrotyper Monophan
Monophan
Orizit
Oryzit
Russian:Эпистильбит
Simplified Chinese:柱沸石
Spanish:Epistilbita
Orizita
Oryzita

Other Information

Electrical:Piezoelectric
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Epistilbite

Reference List:

- +
Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 173: 257-265.

American Mineralogist: 59: 1055-1061.

Internet Links for Epistilbite

Search Engines:
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  • Look for Epistilbite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Epistilbite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Epistilbite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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    Localities for Epistilbite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Antarctica
     
    • Eastern Antarctica
      • Victoria Land
    AmMin 82:423; Galli E, Quartieri S, Vezzalini G, Alberti A (1996) Gottardiite, a new high-silica zeolite from Antarctica: the natural counterpart of synthetic NU-87, European Journal of Mineralogy 8, 687-693
    Argentina
     
    • Neuquén
    Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.149,517
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Koralpe
        • St Vinzenz
    Bojar, H.-P. (1993): 932. Epistilbit, Stilbit, Heulandit und Chabasit vom Gradischkogel, N Soboth, Koralpe, Steiermark. P. 288 in NIEDERMAYR, G., F. BRANDSTÄTTER, B. MOSER, W. H. PAAR, W. POSTL, J. TAUCHER & H.-P. BOJAR (1993): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XIIL. Carinthia II, 183./103.: 265-290.
    Brazil
     
    • Rio Grande do Sul
      • Morro Reuter
    Lapis 29(9), 41-42 (2004)
      • Novo Hamburgo
    Ricardo Pimentel collection. Specimen traded with Luiz Englert Museum UFRGS
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Kamloops Mining Division
        • Spences Bridge
    Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.143
    • New Brunswick
      • Charlotte Co.
    "Geology of New Brunswick: field guide to excursions", New England Intercollegiate Geological Conference, 1973. http://digital.unh.edu/fedora/objects/neigc:0012/datastreams/APPLICATION-PDF/content?download=true
    • Nova Scotia
      • Annapolis Co.
    Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.143 Johnston, R. A. A., "A List of Canadian Mineral Occurrences", Memoir 74, Can. Dept. Mines, 1915. Marsh, O.C., "Catalogue of Mineral Localities in New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland", American Journal of Science and Arts, Second Series, Vol. XXXV, No. CIV, Art. XXIII, pg. 214, May 1863.
      • Cumberland Co.
        • Parrsboro
    Georgia Pe-Piper and Lisa Miller (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology 38, 11–28
      • Kings Co.
    The Nova Scotia Mineral Occurrence Database; Georgia Pe-Piper and Lisa Miller (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology 38, 11–28
        • Bay of Fundy
    Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.143
    Can Min 38:1215-1232; Can. Min. 38, 1215
    Canadian Mineralogist Vol 38 pp. 1215-1232 (2000)
    • Ontario
      • Hastings Co.
        • Dungannon Township
    Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.51,149
    • Québec
      • Laurentides
        • Argenteuil RCM
          • Wentworth
            • Laurel
    Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.52,149
    Channel Islands
     
    • Jersey
      • St Lawrence
        • Waterworks Valley
    Mineralogical Magazine 1982 46 : 504-506.
    China
     
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Tacheng Prefecture (Tarbaghatay Prefecture)
          • Tuoli Co. (Toli Co.)
            • Baogutu
    Fuquan Yang, Shenghao Yan, Guoren Liu, Gang Zhou, Zhixin Zhang, Feng Liu, Xinxia Geng, and Chunli Guo (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(6), 956-971
    Costa Rica
     
    • San José Province
      • Bajo Chacones
    Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
      • Guaitil
    Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
    Denmark
     
    Tschernich, R. W. (1992): Zeolites of the world. Geoscience Press, Phoenix, Arizona, p.150
      • Eysturoy Island
    Burvald, I. (2013): På mineraljakt i sporet etter en "anderledes" Ormen Lange. Stein. 40 (1), 4-12
    French Southern and Antarctic Lands
     
    • Kerguelen Islands
    Giret, A., Verdier, O. & Nativel, P. (1992). The zeolitisation of Kerguelen Islands, Southern Indian Ocean. In: Yoshida, Y., et al. (eds) Recent Progress in Antarctic Earth Science, Tokyo: Terra Publishing 32, 1–36. Co., pp. 457–463.
    Germany
     
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Bad Harzburg
          • Radau valley
    No reference listed
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Schwarzenberg District
          • Beierfeld
    M.E. Ciriotti, 2006, probed EDX+XRD by S. Möckel
    Sebastian Möller
    Greece
     
    • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
      • Kykládes Prefecture
        • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
          • Santorini Island (Thera)
            • Santorini Caldera
              • Nea Kammeni Island
    No reference listed
    Hungary
     
    • Fejér Co.
      • Velencei Mtns
        • Nadap
    • Pest Co.
      • Börzsöny Mtns
        • Szob
    Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral species of Hungary 2005
    Iceland
     
    • Capital Region
    Selbekk, R. S. & Mattsson, H. (2004): Zeolitt mineraliseringer i Hvalfjördur, Island. STEIN 31 (1), 28-33
    • Eastern Region
      • Neskaupstaður
    Personally collected by Günter Frenz
      • Suður-Múlasýsla
        • Berufjördur
    Zeolite collection volker Betz
    Walker G.P.L. (1960) Zeolite zones and dike Distribution in relation of the structure of the basalts of Eastern Iceland , Journal of Geology 68, 515-525
    Am Min 59 (1974), 1055; EJM 10 (1998), 1037
    [World of Stones 9/96 p.29]; Volker Betz (1981) Famous Mineral Localities: Zeolites From Iceland and the Faeroe Islands. Mineralogical Record 12:5-26
        • Breiðdalur
    No reference listed
        • Hamarsfjörður
    Zeolite collection of Volker Betz
    • Western Region
      • Hvalfjordur
    Knut Edvard Larsen collection # MM-5433 (ex Hermann Fylling)
      • Hvitarsiða
        • Tunga
    Betz, V. (1981): Famous mineral localities: Zeolites from Iceland and the Faeroes. Mineralogical Record 12 (1), 5-26
    India
     
    • Maharashtra
    Lapis 29(7/8):76 (2004)
      • Alkola District
    Lapis 29(7/8):76 (2004)
      • Aurangabad District
    Makki - Matrix India Minerals
    No reference listed
        • Dharangaon Taluka
    No reference listed
      • Mumbai District (Bombay District)
        • Mumbai (Bombay)
          • Ward 38
            • Malad
    Lapis 29(7/8):76 (2004)
    Lapis 29(7/8):76 (2004)
      • Nashik District (Nasik District)
        • Dindori (Dhindori)
          • Talegaon
    Georges Claeys (2009) Mineralogische reis naar Deccan Traps, India, 2008. Geonieuws, 34, #3, 63-77.
    Lapis 29(7/8):76 (2004)
        • Pandulena Hills
    Georges Claeys (2009) Mineralogische reis naar Deccan Traps, India, 2008. Geonieuws, 34, #3, 63-77.
      • Pune District (Poonah District)
        • Lonavale (Lonavala)
    No reference listed
    collection of Petr Gadas
        • Pimpri-Chinchwad
    Rob Lavinsky
      • Raigad District
    Lapis 29(7/8):76 (2004)
    Israel
     
    • Negev
    Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
    Italy
     
    • Aosta Valley
      • Courmayeur
        • Monte Bianco Massif (Mont Blanc Massif)
          • Veny Valley
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Lombardy
      • Sondrio Province
        • Valchiavenna
          • Novate Mezzola
            • Codera Valley
    Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
    Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
    Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
    • Piedmont
      • Biella Province
        • Cervo Valley
          • San Paolo Cervo
    - Martini, B., Salvetti, A., Dalla Fontana, G., Boscardin, M., Rocchetti, I., Ciriotti, M.E., Taronna, M., Ambrino, P. (2012). I minerali delle cave di sienite Colombari e Vej della Balma Valle Cervo (Biella, Piemonte). Micro, 10, 110-135
    - Martini, B., Salvetti, A., Dalla Fontana, G., Boscardin, M., Rocchetti, I., Ciriotti, M.E., Taronna, M., Ambrino, P. (2012). I minerali delle cave di sienite Colombari e Vej della Balma Valle Cervo (Biella, Piemonte). Micro, 10, 110-135
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Ossola Valley
          • Antigorio Valley
            • Premia
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Sardinia
      • Cagliari Province
        • Pula
    Lapis 2003(2), 21-30
          • Nora
    Conti-Vecchi, G. & Stara, P. (1991): Minerali della Sardegna. Della Torre, Ed., Cagliari, 276 pp
    Lapis 2003(2), 21-30
      • Nuoro Province
        • Noragugume
    Lapis 2003(2), 21-30
    Preite, D. (2003): Mineraliensammeln im Urlaub: Zeolithfundstellen auf Sardinien. Lapis 28(2), 21-30
      • Sassari Province
    Gelosa, M. & Mameli, P. (1999): I minerali delle cave di Osilo: località mineralogiche della Sardegna. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/1999, 92-96.
    Lapis 2003(2), 21
    • Tuscany
      • Livorno Province
        • Elba Island
          • Campo nell'Elba
    Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, F. (1997). Minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. Edizioni Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 249 pp.
            • San Piero in Campo
    G. Grattarola (1879) - Note mineralogiche. Orizite e pseudo-natrolite, due nuove specie del sottordine delle zeoliti (trovate nell'isola d'Elba). - Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Proc. Verb., 4: 226-232; Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, F. (1997). Minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. Edizioni Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 249 pp.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Niigata Prefecture
          • Kakizaki
    Alfredo Petrov collection
        • Shizuoka prefecture
          • Matsuzaki
    Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
        • Yamanashi Prefecture
    Kato, A. (2009) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, #27, 412-413.
      • Kanto Region
        • Gunma Prefecture
          • Annaka City
    Gunma university Academic Information Repository, 48, 47-59 (2000)
        • Kanagawa Prefecture
          • Yugawara
    Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
    Alfredo Petrov collection
    No reference listed
      • Tohoku Region
        • Aomori Prefecture
          • Kuroishi City
    Onuki et al (1988) Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology, 83, 311-317.
    • Kyushu Region
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Hishikari gold deposit (Hishikari gold mine)
    Ibaraki, K., and Suzuki, R. (1991): Heilongjiang Geological Information 1991(3), 47-56
      • Nagasaki Prefecture
        • Hirado City
    Late 19th century Dr. F. Krantz specimen.
    New Zealand
     
    • South Island
      • Canterbury
        • Rangitata Valley
    J. Thornton in Micro-Scope, February 1993
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Kłodzko District
    Websky, M. (1867): Zeitschrift der Deutschen Geologischen Gesellschaft 20, 144.
      • Strzegom-Sobótka Massif
        • Świdnica District
          • Graniczna (Góra Zwycęistwa)
    Ivan A. Novikov
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Lučenec Co.
    Ďuďa,R., Mrázek,Z., Košuth,M., 1984: Postmagmatická zeolitová mineralizácia Cérovej vrchoviny. Min.Slovaca, 16,2,157 - 172
    • Prešov Region
      • Prešov Co.
    Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
    South Africa
     
    • Eastern Cape Province
    Minerals of South Africa
    • North West Province
      • Ngaka Modiri Molema District
    Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 204;
    Spain
     
    • Canary Islands
      • Las Palmas Province
        • Gran Canaria (Grand Canary)
          • Agaete
            • Risco Faneque
    - Betz, V. (2009) Der Westen von Gran Canaria - ein Fundbericht, Lapis 34, Heft 9, 25-36
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
        • Forno Valley
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 153.
      • Misox (Mesolcina Valley)
        • Calanca Valley
          • Arvigo
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 153.
    • Ticino (Tessin)
      • Leventina
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 153.
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Goms
        • Fiesch
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 104.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Threlkeld District
            • Dockray
    BMS Database
    • Scotland
      • North West Highlands (Inverness-shire)
        • Isle of Skye
          • Minginish
            • Carbost
              • Talisker
    No reference listed
          • Sligachan
    No reference listed
      • Strathclyde (Argyllshire)
        • Isle of Mull
          • Loch Na Keal
    No reference listed
    Ukraine
     
    • Crimea Oblast'
      • Crimea peninsula
    Tischenko A. data
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Wrangell-Petersburg Borough
        • Kupreanof Island
    The Canadian Mineralogist; June 1997; v. 35; no. 3; p. 691-698
    • California
      • Colusa Co.
        • Coast Ranges
    Moiseyev, A.N. (1968) The Wilbur Springs quicksilver district (California), example of a study of hydrothermal processes by combining field geology and theoretical geochemistry. Economic Geology: 63: 173; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 378.
      • Los Angeles Co.
    Mineral News v.14 no.9
      • Riverside Co.
        • Crestmore
    Jenni, Clarence M. (1957), Crestmore and its minerals: Gems & Minerals, No. 236: 64, 66 (May, 1957); Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 372.
        • Nuevo
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 177; Seaman (1976), Pegmatite Minerals of the World; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 380.
      • Ventura Co.
        • Santa Monica Mts
          • Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy
            • Sandstone Peak
    http://www.mineralsocal.org/scfm/california/v.htm
    • Colorado
      • Custer Co.
        • Silver Cliff District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Gunnison Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Hinsdale Co.
    Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.154.
    • Connecticut
      • Fairfield Co.
    Pawloski, John A. (1965): Two Intersting Zeolites from Connecticut. Rocks and Minerals: 40(7): 494.; Tschernich, Rudy W. (1992): Zeolites of the World. Geoscience Press, Phoenix: 154.
    Tschernich, 1992. Zeolites of the World, p.154
    • Georgia
      • Muscogee Co.
        • Columbus
    Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Hawaii
      • Honolulu Co.
        • Oahu Island
          • Kailua
    Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 65, 115
    Fujishima, K.Y. and Fan, P-F (1977) Hydrothermal mineralogy of Keolu Hills, Oahu, Hawaii. American Mineralogist, 62, 574-582.
    MinRec 15:95-97; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.114
    Dunham, K.C. (1933) The American Mineralogist, 18, 369-385.
    • Nevada
      • Washoe Co.
    R&M 79:1 p44-54
    • New Jersey
      • Passaic Co.
        • Paterson
    Mineral Collector 15: 113-118, Papke, H. (1908); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183, Peters, Joseph J. (1984).
    • New York
    Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, p.88
    • Oregon
      • Columbia Co.
        • Goble
    Micro Probe Vol. 6 No. 5 Fall 1987; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 117
      • Jackson Co.
        • Lost Creek Reservoir
    K. Starnes, personal ID, 1986
      • Josephine Co.
        • Sailor Diggings District
    Oregon Metal Mines Handbook, 1952, Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries: Bulletin No. 14-C, Vol. 2, Section 1 - Josephine Co., 2nd Edition, page 211.
    • Virginia
      • Loudoun Co.
        • Leesburg
    Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Washington
      • Clark Co.
    Micro Probe Volume VI Number 4
      • Cowlitz Co.
        • Kalama area
    Zeolites of the World, Rudy W. Tschernich 1992; Micro Probe (1995) 8-3 pp 15-19
    Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 71
    Tschernich, Rudy W. (1996) Zeolites from Kalama, Cowlitz County, Washington. Micro Probe 8-3 pp 15-19
    Micro Probe Vol.7 No.9 Spring '94
        • Wolf Point
    Micro Probe Vol. 7 No. 10
    Micro Probe; Volume 1X, Number 1, pgs 2-6
      • Kittitas Co.
        • Swauk District
          • Liberty
    Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.87; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World
      • Lewis Co.
        • Kosmos
    Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.87;Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World
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