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Erionite

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Colour:WhiteHardness:3½ - 4
Name:Named in 1898 by Arthur Starr Eakle from the Greek εριον meaning wool in allusion to the "wooly" appearance of the type material. Erionite was first found at the Durkee Fire Opal Mine, Swayze Creek, Durkee, Baker Co., Oregon (Tschernich, 1992). In modern nomenclature, the original erionite was erionite-Na, but potassium was nearly equal to sodium.
Synonym of:Erionite-Ca, Erionite-K, Erionite-Na


This name now refers to a group of related minerals. Erionite minerals have the average chemical formula Ca3K2Na2[Al10Si26O72].30H2O (Z = 1), whereas the closely related offrétite has the average chemical formula CaKMg[Al5Si13O36].16H2O (Z = 1).

NOTE: The zeolite mineral species epitaxially overgrown on lévyne in all cases is identified as erionite (Passaglia et al., 1998).

Health warning: Carcinogenic upon inhalation of its dust, due to its fibrous structure (IARC Monography 42: 225-239, 1987). The population of Cappadocia, Turkey, who live in houses built from erionite-bearing tuff, is reported to suffer from mesothelioma (see also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erionite ).

Classification of Erionite

Dana 8th edition ID:77.1.2.5

77 : TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
1 : Zeolite group - True zeolites
Hey's CIM Ref.:16.10.25

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
10 : Aluminosilicates of Ca and alkalis
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Physical Properties of Erionite

Lustre:Silky
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Colour:White
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):3½ - 4
Tenacity:Flexible

Optical Data of Erionite

Type:Uniaxial (+)
RI values: nω = 1.458 - 1.468 nε = 1.458 - 1.480
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.000

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate

Relationship of Erionite to other Species

Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
16.10.1Bytownite
(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
16.10.2Lisetite
CaNa
 
2
Al
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
16
16.10.4Thomsonite-Ca
NaCa
 
2
[Al
 
5
Si
 
5
O
 
20
] · 6H
 
2
O
16.10.5Gonnardite
(Na,Ca)
 
2
(Si,Al)
 
5
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
16.10.6Mesolite
Na
 
2
Ca
 
2
Si
 
9
Al
 
6
O
 
30
· 8H
 
2
O
16.10.7Faujasite
16.10.8Garronite
Na
 
2
Ca
 
5
Al
 
12
Si
 
20
O
 
64
· 27H
 
2
O
16.10.9Boggsite
Ca
 
8
Na
 
3
(Si,Al)
 
96
O
 
192
· 70H
 
2
O
16.10.10Herschelite
16.10.11Phillipsite
16.10.12Fedorite
(Na,K)
 
2-3
(Ca
 
4
Na
 
3
)Si
 
16
O
 
38
(OH,F)
 
2
· 3.5H
 
2
O
16.10.13Willhendersonite
KCa[Al
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
] · 5H
 
2
O
16.10.14Barrerite
(Na,K,Ca
 
0.5
)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
] · 7H
 
2
O
16.10.15Mordenite
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)Al
 
2
Si
 
10
O
 
24
· 7H
 
2
O
16.10.16Reyerite
(Na,K)
 
2
Ca
 
14
(Si,Al)
 
24
O
 
58
(OH)
 
8
· 6H
 
2
O
16.10.17Lévyne
16.10.18Clinoptilolite
16.10.19Heulandite
16.10.20Gobbinsite
Na
 
4
(Ca,Mg,K
 
2
)Al
 
6
Si
 
10
O
 
32
· 12H
 
2
O
16.10.21Stilbite
16.10.22Dachiardite
16.10.23Offretite
KCaMgAl
 
5
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 16H
 
2
O or near
16.10.24Perlialite
K
 
9
Na(Ca,Sr)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
6
· 15H
 
2
O
16.10.26Paulingite
16.10.27Sodium Dachiardite
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)
 
4-5
Al
 
8
Si
 
40
O
 
96
· 26H
 
2
O
16.10.28Mazzite-Mg
(Mg,K,Ca)
 
5
(Si
 
26
Al
 
10
)O
 
72
· 28H
 
2
O
16.10.29Roggianite
Ca
 
2
Be(OH)
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
13
· 2.5H
 
2
O

Other Names for Erionite

Other Languages:
German:Erionit
Simplified Chinese:毛沸石
Spanish:Erionita
Traditional Chinese:毛沸石

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Erionite

Reference List:

- +
Sheppard, R.A. and Gude, A.J. (1969b) Chemical composition and physical properties of the related zeolites offretite and erionite. American Mineralogist: 54: 875-886.

A. Gualtieri, G. Artioli, E. Passaglia, S. Bigi, A. Viani, and J.C. Hanson (1998): Crystal structure-crystal chemistry relationships in the zeolites erionite and offretite. Am. Mineral. 83, 590-606.

E. Passaglia, G. Artioli, and A. Gualtieri (1998): Crystal chemistry of the zeolites erionite and offretite. Am. Mineral. 83, 577-589.

Internet Links for Erionite

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    Updated Mineral Entry: EvansiteFrom Uwe Kolitsch, 24th Nov 2014 19:12:58