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Eudialyte

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Formula:
Na
 
15
Ca
 
6
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
Zr
 
3
[Si
 
25
O
 
73
](O,OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
(OH,Cl)
 
2
System:TrigonalColour:Variable: Carmine-red, ...
Lustre:Vitreous, DullHardness:5 - 6
Member of:Eudialyte Group
Name:From the Greek for "readily decomposable," in allusion to its easy solubility in acids.


Principal member of the Eudialyte Group.

Note: most "eudialyte" photos on Mindat probably show unanalysed material and should be labeled "Eudialyte Group" since they might represent not eudialyte sensu stricto, but any of the various other members of the eudialyte group.





Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Eudialyte. Currently in public beta-test.

Classification of Eudialyte

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/E.23-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.CO.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
O : [Si9O27]18- 9-membered rings
Dana 7th edition ID:64.1.1.1
Dana 8th edition ID:64.1.1.1

64 : CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
1 : Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups with mixed ring types
Hey's CIM Ref.:17.3.6

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
3 : Silicates with chloride (including aluminosilicates)
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-1420.html
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Type Occurrence of Eudialyte

Type Locality:Kangerluarsuk Fjord (Kangerdluarssuq), Ilímaussaq complex, Narsaq, Kujalleq, Greenland
Year of Discovery:1819

Occurrences of Eudialyte

Geological Setting:Nepheline syenites, alkalic granites.

Physical Properties of Eudialyte

Lustre:Vitreous, Dull
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:Variable: Carmine-red, orange-red, orange, pink, cherry-red, brownish-red, yellowish-brown, brown, yellow, violet, green.
Streak:White to pale pink
Hardness (Mohs):5 - 6
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Perfect
Distinct on {0001}, imperfect on {1010} and {1014} {1120}.
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):2.74 - 3.1 g/cm3

Crystallography of Eudialyte

Crystal System:Trigonal
Class (H-M):3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:R3m
Cell Parameters:a = 14.31Å, c = 30.15Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 2.107
Unit Cell Volume:V 5,346.84 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:12
Morphology:short rhombohedral to long prismatic
Crystal Atlas:
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Click on an icon to view
Eudialyte no.22 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Eudialyte no.24 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)

About Crystal Atlas

The mindat.org Crystal Atlas allows you to view a selection of crystal drawings of real and idealised crystal forms for this mineral and, in certain cases, 3d rotating crystal objects. The 3d models and HTML5 code are kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
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Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Eudialyte

Type:Uniaxial (+/-)
RI values: nω = 1.606 - 1.610 nε = 1.610 - 1.613
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.004

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Pleochroism:Weak
Comments:O= colorless, pale yellow, pink
E= pink to colorless

Chemical Properties of Eudialyte

Formula:
Na
 
15
Ca
 
6
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
Zr
 
3
[Si
 
25
O
 
73
](O,OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
(OH,Cl)
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:Na15Ca6(Fe2+,Mn2+)3Zr3[Si25O73](O,OH,H2O)3(OH,Cl)2
Essential elements:Ca, Fe, H, Na, O, Si, Zr
All elements listed in formula:Ca, Cl, Fe, H, Mn, Na, O, Si, Zr
Common Impurities:K,Mg,Sr,TR,Ti,Nb,Al,F,P,S

Relationship of Eudialyte to other Species

Member of:Eudialyte Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Alluaivite
Na
 
19
(Ca,Mn)
 
6
(Ti,Nb)
 
3
Si
 
26
O
 
74
Cl · 2H
 
2
O
Andrianovite
Na
 
12
(K,Sr,Ce)
 
3
Ca
 
6
Mn
 
3
Zr
 
3
Nb(Si
 
25
O
 
73
)(O,H
 
2
O,OH)
 
5
Aqualite
(H
 
3
O)
 
8
(Na,K,Sr)
 
5
Ca
 
6
Zr
 
3
Si
 
26
O
 
66
(OH)
 
9
Cl
Carbokentbrooksite
Na
 
11-12
(Na,Ce)
 
3
Ca
 
6
Mn
 
3
Zr
 
3
Nb[(OH)
 
3
|CO
 
3
|(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
|(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
SiO] · H
 
2
O
Davinciite
Na
 
12
K
 
3
Ca
 
6
Fe
2+
3
Zr
 
3
(Si
 
26
O
 
73
OH)Cl
 
2
Dualite
Na
 
30
(Ca,Na,Ce,Sr)
 
12
(Na,Mn,Fe,Ti)
 
6
Zr
 
3
Ti
 
3
Mn[Si
 
51
O
 
144
](OH,H
 
2
O,Cl)
 
9
Feklichevite
Na
 
11
Ca
 
9
(Fe
3+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
Zr
 
3
Nb[Si
 
25
O
 
73
](OH,H
 
2
O,Cl,O)
 
5
Fengchengite
Na
 
12
 
3
(Ca,Sr)
 
6
Fe
3+
3
Zr
 
3
Si(Si
 
25
O
 
73
)(H
 
2
O,OH)
 
3
(OH,Cl)
 
2
Ferrokentbrooksite
Na
 
15
Ca
 
6
(Fe,Mn)
 
3
Zr
 
3
NbSi
 
25
O
 
73
(O,OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
Cl
 
2
Georgbarsanovite
Na
 
12
(Mn,Sr,REE)
 
3
Ca
 
6
Fe
2+
3
Zr
 
3
NbSi
 
25
O
 
76
Cl
 
2
·H
 
2
O
Golyshevite
Na
 
10
Ca
 
3
Ca
 
6
Zr
 
3
Fe
 
2
SiNb(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
CO
 
3
(OH)
 
3
· H
 
2
O
Ikranite
(Na,H
 
3
O)
 
15
(Ca,Mn
2+
 
)
 
6
Fe
3+
2
Zr
 
3-4
[Cl|(H
 
0-3
Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
|{(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
,(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
SiO}] · 2-3H
 
2
O
Johnsenite-(Ce)
Na
 
12
(Ce,La,Sr,Ca)
 
3
Ca
 
6
Mn
 
3
Zr
 
3
W[(OH,Cl)
 
2
|CO
 
3
|(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
|(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
SiO] · H
 
2
O
Kentbrooksite
(Na,REE)
 
15
(Ca,REE)
 
6
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
Zr
 
3
Nb[Si
 
25
O
 
74
]F
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
Khomyakovite
Na
 
12
Sr
 
3
Ca
 
6
Fe
 
3
Zr
 
3
W[Si
 
25
O
 
73
](O,OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
(OH,Cl)
 
2
Labyrinthite
(Na,K,Sr)
 
35
Ca
 
12
Fe
 
3
Zr
 
6
TiSi
 
51
O
 
144
(O,OH,H
 
2
O)
 
9
Cl
 
3
Manganoeudialyte
Na
 
14
Ca
 
6
Mn
 
3
Zr
 
3
[Si
 
26
O
 
72
(OH)
 
2
](H
 
2
O,Cl,O,OH)
 
6
Manganokhomyakovite
Na
 
12
Sr
 
3
Ca
 
6
Mn
 
3
Zr
 
3
W[Si
 
25
O
 
73
](O,OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
(OH,Cl)
 
2
Mogovidite
Na
 
9
(Ca,Na)
 
5
Ca
 
6
Zr
 
3
Fe
 
2
(Si,Nb)(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
Cl
 
0.3
Oneillite
Na
 
15
Ca
 
3
Mn
 
3
Fe
2+
3
Zr
 
3
Nb(Si
 
25
O
 
73
)(O,OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
(OH,Cl)
 
2
Raslakite
Na
 
15
Ca
 
3
Fe
2+
3
(Na,Zr)
 
3
Zr
 
3
Nb
 
<0.5
[(Cl,OH)|(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
|(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
SiO] · 3(OH,H
 
2
O)
Rastsvetaevite
Na
 
27
K
 
8
Ca
 
12
Fe
 
3
Zr
 
6
Si
 
52
O
 
144
(O,OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6
Cl
 
2
Taseqite
Na
 
12
Sr
 
3
Ca
 
6
Fe
 
3
Zr
 
3
Nb[Cl
 
2
|(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
|(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
SiO] · 3(O,OH,H
 
2
O)
UM1998-21-SiO:CaCeClHMnNaZr
Na
 
16
Ca
 
6
(Mn,Ce)
 
3
Zr
 
3
(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
(OH,Cl)
 
4
Voronkovite
Na
 
15
(Na,Ca,Ce)
 
3
(Mn,Ca)
 
3
Fe
 
3
Zr
 
3
Si
 
26
O
 
72
(OH,O)
 
4
Cl · H
 
2
O
Zirsilite-(Ce)
Na
 
11-12
(Ce,Na)
 
3
Ca
 
6
Mn
 
3
Zr
 
3
Nb(Si
 
19
O
 
55
)(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
3
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.CO.10Alluaivite
Na
 
19
(Ca,Mn)
 
6
(Ti,Nb)
 
3
Si
 
26
O
 
74
Cl · 2H
 
2
O
9.CO.10Ferrokentbrooksite
Na
 
15
Ca
 
6
(Fe,Mn)
 
3
Zr
 
3
NbSi
 
25
O
 
73
(O,OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
Cl
 
2
9.CO.10Kentbrooksite
(Na,REE)
 
15
(Ca,REE)
 
6
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
Zr
 
3
Nb[Si
 
25
O
 
74
]F
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
9.CO.10Khomyakovite
Na
 
12
Sr
 
3
Ca
 
6
Fe
 
3
Zr
 
3
W[Si
 
25
O
 
73
](O,OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
(OH,Cl)
 
2
9.CO.10Manganokhomyakovite
Na
 
12
Sr
 
3
Ca
 
6
Mn
 
3
Zr
 
3
W[Si
 
25
O
 
73
](O,OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
(OH,Cl)
 
2
9.CO.10Oneillite
Na
 
15
Ca
 
3
Mn
 
3
Fe
2+
3
Zr
 
3
Nb(Si
 
25
O
 
73
)(O,OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
(OH,Cl)
 
2
9.CO.10Raslakite
Na
 
15
Ca
 
3
Fe
2+
3
(Na,Zr)
 
3
Zr
 
3
Nb
 
<0.5
[(Cl,OH)|(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
|(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
SiO] · 3(OH,H
 
2
O)
9.CO.10Feklichevite
Na
 
11
Ca
 
9
(Fe
3+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
Zr
 
3
Nb[Si
 
25
O
 
73
](OH,H
 
2
O,Cl,O)
 
5
9.CO.10Carbokentbrooksite
Na
 
11-12
(Na,Ce)
 
3
Ca
 
6
Mn
 
3
Zr
 
3
Nb[(OH)
 
3
|CO
 
3
|(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
|(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
SiO] · H
 
2
O
9.CO.10Zirsilite-(Ce)
Na
 
11-12
(Ce,Na)
 
3
Ca
 
6
Mn
 
3
Zr
 
3
Nb(Si
 
19
O
 
55
)(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
3
· H
 
2
O
9.CO.10Ikranite
(Na,H
 
3
O)
 
15
(Ca,Mn
2+
 
)
 
6
Fe
3+
2
Zr
 
3-4
[Cl|(H
 
0-3
Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
|{(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
,(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
SiO}] · 2-3H
 
2
O
9.CO.10Taseqite
Na
 
12
Sr
 
3
Ca
 
6
Fe
 
3
Zr
 
3
Nb[Cl
 
2
|(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
|(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
SiO] · 3(O,OH,H
 
2
O)
9.CO.10Rastsvetaevite
Na
 
27
K
 
8
Ca
 
12
Fe
 
3
Zr
 
6
Si
 
52
O
 
144
(O,OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6
Cl
 
2
9.CO.10Golyshevite
Na
 
10
Ca
 
3
Ca
 
6
Zr
 
3
Fe
 
2
SiNb(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
CO
 
3
(OH)
 
3
· H
 
2
O
9.CO.10Labyrinthite
(Na,K,Sr)
 
35
Ca
 
12
Fe
 
3
Zr
 
6
TiSi
 
51
O
 
144
(O,OH,H
 
2
O)
 
9
Cl
 
3
9.CO.10Johnsenite-(Ce)
Na
 
12
(Ce,La,Sr,Ca)
 
3
Ca
 
6
Mn
 
3
Zr
 
3
W[(OH,Cl)
 
2
|CO
 
3
|(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
|(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
SiO] · H
 
2
O
9.CO.10Mogovidite
Na
 
9
(Ca,Na)
 
5
Ca
 
6
Zr
 
3
Fe
 
2
(Si,Nb)(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
Cl
 
0.3
9.CO.10Georgbarsanovite
Na
 
12
(Mn,Sr,REE)
 
3
Ca
 
6
Fe
2+
3
Zr
 
3
NbSi
 
25
O
 
76
Cl
 
2
·H
 
2
O
9.CO.10Aqualite
(H
 
3
O)
 
8
(Na,K,Sr)
 
5
Ca
 
6
Zr
 
3
Si
 
26
O
 
66
(OH)
 
9
Cl
9.CO.10Dualite
Na
 
30
(Ca,Na,Ce,Sr)
 
12
(Na,Mn,Fe,Ti)
 
6
Zr
 
3
Ti
 
3
Mn[Si
 
51
O
 
144
](OH,H
 
2
O,Cl)
 
9
9.CO.10Andrianovite
Na
 
12
(K,Sr,Ce)
 
3
Ca
 
6
Mn
 
3
Zr
 
3
Nb(Si
 
25
O
 
73
)(O,H
 
2
O,OH)
 
5
9.CO.10Voronkovite
Na
 
15
(Na,Ca,Ce)
 
3
(Mn,Ca)
 
3
Fe
 
3
Zr
 
3
Si
 
26
O
 
72
(OH,O)
 
4
Cl · H
 
2
O
9.CO.10UM1999-36-SiO:CaCeHMnNaNbSrZr
Na
 
17
(Ca,Ce,Sr)
 
2
Mn
 
3
(Zr,Nb)
 
4
Si
 
25
O
 
73
(O,OH,F,Cl)
 
5
9.CO.10UM2000-66-SiO:CaClFeHMnNaNbSrZr
Na
 
12
(Ca,Mn)
 
6
(Sr,Na,K)
 
3
(Fe,Mn)
 
3
(Zr,Nb)
 
4
Si
 
25
O
 
66
(OH,Cl)
 
11
9.CO.10Manganoeudialyte
Na
 
14
Ca
 
6
Mn
 
3
Zr
 
3
[Si
 
26
O
 
72
(OH)
 
2
](H
 
2
O,Cl,O,OH)
 
6
9.CO.10UM1990-78-SiO:CaClFeHKNaZr
(H
 
3
O)
 
7
(Na,K)
 
5
(Ca,Sr,Mn)
 
6
Zr
 
3
[Si
 
3
O
 
7
(O,OH)
 
2
]
 
2
[Si
 
9
O
 
23
(O,OH)
 
4
]2[SiNaFe(Zr,Ti,Al,Nb)□]Cl
 
1.5
(O,OH)
9.CO.10UM-1990-79-SiO:CaClFeHMnNaNbREEZr
Na
 
14
Ca
 
5
(Mg,Ca,Mn)Zr
 
3
(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
(Si,Nb,Al,Zr)
 
2
(Fe,Zr)
 
3
(Mn,Na,Ce,La,Y)(Na,H
 
2
O,K,Sr)(OH)
 
4-5
(OH,Cl)
9.CO.10UM1971-22-SiO:CaClFeHMgMnNaNbZr
Na
 
12
Ca
 
5
(Ce,La,Y,Ca)Zr
 
3
(Zr,Nb)(Fe,Mn)
 
3
[Si
 
9
O
 
24-26
(OH)
 
1-3
]
 
2
[Si
 
3
O
 
9
]
 
2
Cl
9.CO.10UM1998-21-SiO:CaCeClHMnNaZr
Na
 
16
Ca
 
6
(Mn,Ce)
 
3
Zr
 
3
(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
(Si
 
9
O
 
27
)
 
2
(OH,Cl)
 
4
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
17.3.1Rustumite
Ca
 
10
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
Cl
 
2
17.3.2Zunyite
Al
 
13
Si
 
5
O
 
20
(OH,F)
 
18
Cl
17.3.3Sodalite
Na
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)Cl
 
2
17.3.4Marialite
Na
 
4
Al
 
3
Si
 
9
O
 
24
Cl
17.3.5Tugtupite
Na
 
4
(AlBeSi
 
4
O
 
12
)Cl
17.3.7Alluaivite
Na
 
19
(Ca,Mn)
 
6
(Ti,Nb)
 
3
Si
 
26
O
 
74
Cl · 2H
 
2
O
17.3.8Nasonite
Pb
 
6
Ca
 
4
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
3
Cl
 
2
17.3.9Asisite
Pb
 
7
SiO
 
9
Cl
 
2
17.3.10Jagoite
Pb
 
18
Fe
3+
4
[Si
 
4
(Si,Fe
3+
 
)
 
6
][Pb
 
4
Si
 
16
(Si,Fe)
 
4
]O
 
82
Cl
 
6
17.3.11Friedelite
(Mn,Fe)
 
8
Si
 
6
O
 
15
(OH,Cl)
 
10
17.3.12Pyrosmalite-(Fe)
(Fe,Mn)
 
8
Si
 
6
O
 
15
(OH,Cl)
 
10
17.3.13Pyrosmalite
17.3.14Pyrosmalite-(Mn)
(Mn,Fe)
 
8
Si
 
6
O
 
15
(OH,Cl)
 
10
17.3.16Mcgillite
(Mn,Fe)
 
8
Si
 
6
O
 
15
(OH)
 
8
Cl
 
2
17.3.17Traskite
Ba
 
21
Ca(Fe
2+
 
,Mn,Ti)
 
4
(Ti,Fe,Mg)
 
12
(Si
 
12
O
 
36
)(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
6
(O,OH)
 
30
Cl
 
6
·14H
 
2
O
17.3.18Muirite
Ba
 
10
Ca
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Ti[(OH,Cl,F)|HSi
 
2
O
 
7
]
 
5
17.3.19Verplanckite
Ba
 
2
(Mn,Fe,Ti)Si
 
2
O
 
6
(O,OH,Cl,F)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O or near
Related Minerals - Dana Grouping):

- +
64.1.1.0Eudialyte Group
64.1.1.2Feklichevite
Na
 
11
Ca
 
9
(Fe
3+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
Zr
 
3
Nb[Si
 
25
O
 
73
](OH,H
 
2
O,Cl,O)
 
5
64.1.1.3Kentbrooksite
(Na,REE)
 
15
(Ca,REE)
 
6
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
Zr
 
3
Nb[Si
 
25
O
 
74
]F
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
64.1.1.4Khomyakovite
Na
 
12
Sr
 
3
Ca
 
6
Fe
 
3
Zr
 
3
W[Si
 
25
O
 
73
](O,OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
(OH,Cl)
 
2
64.1.1.5Manganokhomyakovite
Na
 
12
Sr
 
3
Ca
 
6
Mn
 
3
Zr
 
3
W[Si
 
25
O
 
73
](O,OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
(OH,Cl)
 
2

Other Names for Eudialyte

Synonyms:
Almandine sparEudaliteEudialiteEudyaliteSaami Blood
Other Languages:
Dutch:Eudialyt
German:Eudialyt
Eudalit
Eudialit
Eudyalit
Grönländischer Hyazinth
Russian:Эвдиалит
Саамская кровь
Simplified Chinese:异性石
Spanish:Eudalita
Eudialita
Eudyalita
Traditional Chinese:異性石
Ukrainian:Евдіаліт

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Eudialyte

Reference List:

- +
Klaproth, M.H. (1810): Chemische Untersuchung des rothen Granats aus Grönland, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Fünfter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 131-137
JOHNSEN, O., FERRARIS, G., GAULT, R.A., GRICE, J.D., KAMPF, A.R., and PEKOV, I.V. (2003) The nomenclature of eudialyte minerals. Canadian Mineralogist, 41, 785-794.
JOHNSEN, O., and GAULT, R.A. (1997) Chemical variation in eudialyte. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 171, 215 237.
JOHNSEN, O., and GRICE, J.D., (1998) Crystal chemical characteristics of the eudialyte group. Program with Abstracts, International Mineralogical Association Meeting, Toronto, A108.
JOHNSEN, O., and GRICE, J.D., (1999) The crystal chemistry of the eudialyte group. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 865 895.
JOHNSEN, O., GRICE, J.D., and GAULT, R.A. (2001) The eudialyte group: a review. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 65-72.
JOHNSEN, O., PETERSEN, O.V., and GAULT, R.A. (1997) Optical data on minerals of the eudialyte-mesodialyte-eucolite terminology. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, Jg. 1997, 371-383.

Khomyakov, A.P., Nechelyustov, G.N., Rastsvetaeva, R.K. (2007): Aqualite, (H3O)8(Na,K,Sr)5Ca6Zr3Si26O66(OH)9Cl, a new eudialyte-group mineral from Inagli alkaline massif (Sakha-Yakutia,Russia),and the problem of oxonium in hydrated eudialytes. Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society (Zapiski RMO), 136(2), 39-55.

Internet Links for Eudialyte

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Eudialyte details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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    Localities for Eudialyte

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Gowen Co.
        • Warrumbungle Mtn
    Am Min 75:694-701
      • Lincoln Co.
        • Dubbo
    http://www.alkane.com.au/projects/nsw/dubbo/DZP%20Summary%20Jan08.pdf
    • Queensland
      • Somerset Region
    Carr, Phillips & Williams - Min.Mag. 1976 40,853-6
    • Tasmania
      • Huon district
    Bottrill, RS, 1997. The Minerals of the Cygnet District. The Mineralogical Society of Tasmania Newsletter, 25, p.12
    Brazil
     
    • Amazonas
      • Apuí
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
    • Minas Gerais
      • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
        • Poços de Caldas
    Min Rec 36:3 pp275-280
    Horstpeter H. G. J. Ulbrich (1984) A Petrografia, a Estrutura e o Quimismo de Nefelina Sienitos do Maciço Alcalino de Poços de Caldas MG-SP
    BAPTISTA, A. (1980) Estudio radiocristografico da Eudialita de Pedra Balao, Poços de Caldas, Estado de Minas Gerais. [Radiocrystallographic study of eudialyte from Pedra Balao, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais.] Annaes da Academia Brasileira de Ciêncas, 52, (2), 243-250. (in Portugese)
    • Santa Catarina
    G Traversa et al (1994) Petrology and Mineral Chemistry of the Alkaline District of Lages, SC, Brazil. Geochem Brazil 8:179-214
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Golden Mining Division
    No reference listed
    • Newfoundland and Labrador
      • Labrador
    A. Kerr (2010) Rare-earth-element (REE) mineralization in Labrador: A review of known environments and the geological context of current exploration activity. Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Natural Resources Current Research 2010 pp 109-143; L. W. Curtis And J. Gittins (1979) Aluminous and Titaniferous Clinopyroxenes from Regionally Metamorphosed Agpaitic Rocks in Central Labrador. J. Petrology 20:165-186.
    Gaines, RV et al (1979) Dana's New Mineralogy 8th ed. John Wiley and Sons 1819pp
    \"Rare Earth Element Mines, Deposits, and Occurrences,\" G.J. Orris and R.I. Grauch, Open File Report 02-189, U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Geological Survey, 2002.; GSC database locality No. 4100
    GSC database; GSC database locality No. 4101
    • Northwest Territories
      • Mackenzie District
        • Blachford Lake alkaline complex
    SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
    Sheard, E.R. (2010); SHEARD, E.R., WILLIAMS-JONES, A.E., HEILIGMANN, M., PEDERSON, C. AND TRUEMAN, D.L. (2012) Controls on the concentration of zirconium, niobium, and the rare earth elements in the Thor Lake rare metal deposit, Northwest Territories, Canada. Economic Geology, 107(1), 81-104.
    • Ontario
      • Hastings Co.
        • Dungannon Township
    Milton, C. (1965): Note on the occurrence of eudialyte in Canada. Can. Mineral. 8, 382-383.
    • Québec
      • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
        • Témiscamingue RCM
          • Les Lacs-du-Témiscamingue
    Kenneth L. Currie and Otto van Breemen (1996)The origin of rare minerals in the Kipawa syenite complex, western Quebec. Can Mineral 34:435-451
      • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
        • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
    Wallace et al. (1990) Can. Min. 28, 251; Wallace, G.M., Whalen, J.B. & Martin, R.F. (1990) Agpaitic and miaskitic nepheline syenites of the McGerrigle plutonic complex, Gaspé, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251-266.
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    Horváth, L & Gault, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359. JOHNSEN, O., and GAULT, R.A. (1997) Chemical variation in eudialyte. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen, 171, 215 237.
        • Lajemmerais RCM
          • Varennes & St-Amable
    HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
    Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
      • Nord-du-Québec
        • Nunavik
    BIRKETT, T.C., MILLER, R.R., ROBERTS, A.C., & MARIANO, A.N. (1992) Zirconium bearing minerals from the Strange Lake intrusive complex, Quebec Labrador. Canadian Mineralogist, 30, 191-205.
    • Québec & Newfoundland and Labrador
    Miller (1996), Can.Min.: 34:349-371; Salvi & Williams-Jones (1995); Am.Min.: 80:1031-1040; Miller (1990), Newfoundland Dept. of Mines & Energy Geol. Sur. Report 90-1: 171-182.
    • Yukon Territory
      • Dawson Mining District
    Olade, M.A., Goodfellow, W.D. (1979). Lithogeochemistry and hydrogeochemistry of uranium and associated elements in the Tombstone Batholith, Yukon, Canada. In Geochemical Exploration 1978, Proceedings of the Seventh International Geochemical Exploration Symposium, J.R. Watterson, P.K. Theobald (ed.), Association of Exploration Geochemists, p. 407-428.
      • Watson Lake Mining District
    Geol, Survey of Canada database
    China
     
    • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Dandong Prefecture
        • Fengcheng Co.
          • Saima complex
    Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Rakovník (Rakonitz)
          • Čistá
    No reference listed
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Kivu
    USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
    Greenland
     
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
        • Igaliku (Igaliko)
    Jones, A. P. & Larsen, L.M. (1985): Geochemistry and REE minerals of nepheline syenites from the Motzfeldt Centre, South Greenland. American Mineralogist. 70, 1087-1100.; Jones, A.P. (1980) The petrology and structure of the Motzfeldt centre, Igaliko, south Greenland. Doctoral thesis, Durham University.
          • Narsaarsuk Plateau
    Bøgghild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3., C.A. Reitzels Forlag, Copenhagen. 445 p. (p.245-247)
    Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
    Bøggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland, Bd. 149. Nr. 3. 445 pages
    Sørensen, H., Larsen, L.M. (2001): The hyper-agpaitic stage in the evolution of the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 83-94
              • Lilleelv
    Sørensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland. Meddelelser om Grønland. 167, Reitzels Forlag København, 251 p.
                • Pegmatite Valley
    Pekov, I.V. et. al. (2004): Potassic-Arfvedsonite a K-dominant Amphibole of the Arfvedsonite-series from agpaitic pegmatites, Neues Jahrbuch Mineralogie, Monatshefte, Vol. 12, 555-574
    Pekov, I.V. et al. (2002): Karupmollerite-Ca, (Na,Ca,K)2Ca(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4.7H2O, a new mineral of the labuntsovite group from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, Vol. 10, 433-444
    Borst, Anouk M. et al (2014) Eudialyte decomposition and fractionation of REE and HFSE in the kakortokites of the Ilímaussaq Complex, South Greenland. 31st Nordic Geological Meeting, Lund Sweden.
            • Qeqertaussaq Island
    Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
    Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurrence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
          • Kuannersuit Plateau (Kvanefjeld)
            • Kvanefjeld Uranium deposit
    - Petersen, O., Khomyakov, A., Soerensen, H. (2001): Natrophosphate from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex South Greenland, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 139-141
    Petersen, O. V.; Rønsbo, J.G. & Leonardsen, E.S. (1989): Nacareniobsite-(Ce), a new mineral species from the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, and its relation to mosandrite and the rinkite series. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 2, 84-96
    Petersen, O. V. & Johnsen, O. (2005): Mineral species first described from Greenland. Canadian Mineralogist, Special publication no. 8.
          • Tunulliarfik Fjord (Tunugdliarfik)
    Soerensen, H. (1962): On the occurence of Steenstrupine in the Ilimaussaq massif, southwest Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn; I. S. Oen, E. A. J. Burke and C. Kieft (1977) Westerveldite from Igdlúnguaq, Ilímaussaq Alkaline Massif, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine 41:77-83.
    Boeggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Vol. 149/3, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
    Boeggild, O.B. (1953): The Mineralogy of Greenland, Meddelelser om Groenland, Vol. 149/3, Reitzels Forlag Koebenhavn
    Pavel M. Kartashov specimen, photo-152472
    Robles, E., Fontan, F., Monchoux, P., Soerensen, H. (2001): Hiortdahlite II from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, South Greenland, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin, 190, 131-137
        • Narsarsuaq (Narssarssuaq)
          • Qôroq Firth
    Coulson, I. M. (2003). Evolution of the North Qôroq centre nepheline syenites, South Greenland: alkali-mafic silicates and the role of metasomatism. Mineralogical Magazine, 67(5), 873-892.; Coulson, I. M. (1997). Post-magmatic alteration in eudialyte from the North Qoroq centre, South Greenland. Mineralogical Magazine, 61(1), 99-109.; Coulson, I. M., & Chambers, A. D. (1996). Patterns of zonation in rare-earth-bearing minerals in nepheline syenites of the North Qôroq center, South Greenland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(6), 1163-1178.
    Specimen from there in the Smithsonian Instutute, Museum of Natural History-Rock Currier
    • Tunu Province (East Greenland)
      • Kangerlussuaq Firth
        • Amdrup Firth
    Perchiazzi, N. et al. ( 2000): The crystal structure of Normandite and its crystal-chemical relationship with Lavenite, Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 38, 641 - 648
        • Kangerlussuaq complex
    MinRec 16:485-494
    Guinea
     
    Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure: a magmatic marker of the evolution of the central and equatorial Atlantic. Canadian Mineralogist, 34: 281-299. ; Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.
    Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., Parodi, G. C., Perchiazzi, N., Chevrier, V., & Bersani, D. (2010). Roumaite,(Ca, Na,□) 3 (Ca, REE, Na) 4 (Nb, Ti)[Si2O7] 2 (OH) F3, from Rouma Island, Los Archipelago, Guinea: a new mineral species related to dovyrenite. The Canadian Mineralogist, 48(1), 17-28.
    Hungary
     
    • Baranya Co.
      • Mecsek Mtns
        • Hosszúhetény
    GEODA, 2003; http://www.minerofil.hu/uj1999a.php?nyelvezet=angol
    India
     
    • West Bengal
      • Purulia District
    Chakrabarty, A., Pruseth, K. L., & Sen, A. K. (2012). Compositions and petrogenetic significance of the eudialyte group minerals from Sushina, Purulia, West Bengal. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 79(5), 449-459.
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Louth
      • Carlingford
    Nockolds, S. R. (1950): The occurrence of neptunite and eudialyte in quartz-bearing syenites from Barnavave, Carlingford, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine 29, 27-33.
    Kenya
     
    • Nyanza Province
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139; USGS Open-File Report 02–156–A
    • Rift Valley Province
      • South Rift Valley
    Peterson, TD 1989 Peralkaline Nephelinites I. Comparative petrology of Shombole and Oldoinyo Lengai, East Africa. Contrib Mineral Petrol v 101, p 458-478
    Libya
     
    • Al Kufrah District
    Flinn et al (1992)
    Flinn et al. (1992)
    • Wadi Al Shatii' District (Ash Shati District)
    Oun, K. M. (1991): On the poikilitic nature of Jabal Al Hasawinah eudialyte. Mineralogical Magazine 55, 543-547.
    Madagascar
     
    • Antsiranana Province
      • Diana Region (Northern Region)
        • Ambanja District
          • Ampasindava Peninsula
    Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris, p.589-90)
    Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
    Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.589)
        • Nosy Be District
    Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
    Lacroix, A. (1922): Mineralogie de Madagascar, Tome I. Géologie-Minéralogie descriptive. A.Challamel (Éditeur), Paris. 624p (p.589)
    Malawi
     
    • Balaka District
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
    • Chitipa District
      • Songwe Complex
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Woolley, A. R., Platt, R. G., & Eby, N. (1992). Niobian titanite and eudialyte from the Ilomba nepheline syenite complex, north Malawi. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(3), 428-430.; Eby, G. N., Woolley, A. R., Din, V., & Platt, G. (1998). Geochemistry and petrogenesis of nepheline syenites: Kasungu–Chipala, Ilomba, and Ulindi nepheline syenite intrusions, North Nyasa alkaline province, Malawi. Journal of Petrology, 39(8), 1405-1424.
    • Zomba District
    Cairncross, B., Messner, K & Farquharson, E. (1999): Die Pegmatite des Mount Malosa bei Zomba, Malawi. Lapis 24 (4), 22-32. (in German).
    Mongolia
     
    • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
      • Altai Mts
        • Khaldzan Buragtag massif
          • Mount Ulyn Khuren
    Van King
    Kartashov P.M., Voloshin A.V., PakhomovskiiYa.A. On the zonal crystaline gadolinite from the alkaline granite pegmatites of Haldzan Buragtag (Mongolian Altai), - Zapiski VMO, 1993,N3,p. 65-79.
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Morocco
     
    • Meknès-Tafilalet Region
      • Khénifra Province
        • Tamazeght Mountain Range
    Economic Geology May 2000 v. 95 no. 3 p. 559-576
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
      • Brandberg Area
        • Messum Igneous Complex
    Wooley, A.R. (2001): Alkaline rocks and carbonatites of the world, Part 3: Africa. Geological Society, London. 210-211.
    • Kunene Region
      • Damaraland District
        • Kalkfeld
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    Norway
     
    • Telemark
      • Porsgrunn
        • Langesundsfjorden
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p. (p.122); Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
    Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
        • Mørje
          • Sagåsen
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
    • Vestfold
      • Larvik
        • Hedrum
          • Farris
    S. A. Berge
          • Lågendalen
    Raade, G.& Mladeck, Michel H.(1977): Parakeldyshite from Norway. Canadian Mineralogist 15,102-107
        • Langesundsfjorden
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
          • Barkevik area
    Larsen, A.O., Åsheim, A. & Gault, R.A. (2005): Ferrokentbrooksite (Brøggers xanthopite) from Skutesundskjær in the Langesundsfjord district, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 30: 63-67
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240p
    Larsen, A.O. (2001): Chemical composition of catapleiites from the syenite pegmatites in the Larvik plutonic complex, Norway. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 18, 5-9
          • Vesle Arøya
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
      • Sandefjord
        • Tønsbergfjorden
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    Portugal
     
    • Azores District
      • San Miguel Island
    Ridolfi, F. et al. (2003): Evolutionary stages of crystallisation..., Min. Mag. 67(4), 749-767
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Buriatia (Buryatia)
          • Mama River Basin
            • Maigunda River
    [MinRec 32:42]
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Aldan Shield
          • Aldan
            • Inagli Massif
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
          • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
    [Lapis 1993:4 p.13-20]
              • Ditmar stream
    Pavel M. Kartashov data; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
              • Sirenevyi Kamen' Deposit
    Konev, A.A., Vorob'yev, E.I., and Lazebnik, K.A. (1996) The Mineralogy of the Murun Massif. Russian Academy of Science Press, Siberian Branch, Novosbirsk, Russia (in Rus.)
      • Tuva Republic
        • Sangilen Upland
    Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124. ; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Khabarovskiy Kray
        • Ayan-Maya district
          • Aldan shield
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aldan.htm.
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Khibiny Massif
    Men'shikov, Y.P., et al (2006), American Mineralogist: 91: 922-928.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
              • 3rd left tributary of Vuonnemijok river (Astrophillytovyi stream)
    A.N. Labuntsov Mineralogical survey of central parts of Khibina massif (zircon, catapleiite and fersmanite localities), - Khibinskie apatity, 1933, N6, p. 202-209. ; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
              • Astrophyllite Stream
    Pekov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp11-16; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58)
    Men'shikov Yu.P., Khomyakov A.P., Ferraris G. e.a. (2003) Eveslogite, (Ca,K,Na,Sr,Ba)48[(Ti,Nb,Mn,Fe")12(OH)12Si48O144](F,OH,Cl)14, a new mineral from the Khibiny alkaline massif, Kola peninsula, Russia, - Zapiski VMO, 132(1), pp. 59-67 (in Rus.).
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    P.M. Kartashov data; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Azarova, Y. V., Shlyukova, Z. V., Zolotarev Jr, A. A., & Organova, N. I. (2009). Burovaite-Ca,(Na, K) 4Ca2 (Ti, Nb) 8 [Si4O12] 4 (OH, O) 8· 12H2O, a new labuntsovite-group mineral species and its place in low-temperature mineral formation in pegmatites of the Khibiny pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(8), 774-783.
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
            • Koashva Mt
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Pekov, I.V., Chukanov, N.V., Kononkova, N.N., Zubkova, N.V., Rabadanov, M.K., and Pushcharovsky, D.Y. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 749-754.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1450–1458, 2009
            • Kukisvumchorr Mt
              • East slope
                • Tuliok River head
    Dmitry Tonkacheev specimen
    [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
    Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Natural History Museum Vienna collection
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Richard Dale collection
    Am Min 79:1011; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Excalibur Mineral Co. catalogue, 2009.
    Хомяков А.П., Курова Т.Ф., Шумяцкая Р.Г. и др. (1981) О новом цирконосиликате Na5Zr2[Si6O18]Clx2H2O и его кристаллической структуре,- ДАН СССРб т.257, №3, с. 622-624.
            • Rypnetsk Mt.
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
            • Yukspor Mt
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (2003): 10: 461-480.
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Khomyakov, A. P., Pushcharovskiy, D. Y., & Ronsbo, J. G. (1983). Clinophosinaite, Na3CaPSiO7, a new mineral. International Geology Review, 25(6), 731-734.
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
          • Kovdor Massif
    [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
          • Lovozero Massif
    Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
              • Umbozero mine (Umbozerskii mine; Umba Mine)
    Lapis, 4/97, Ivanjuk et al.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Khomyakov A P, Shumyatskaya N G, Polezhaeva L T (1992) Shomiokite-(Y), Na3Y(CO3)3·3H2O: a new mineral, Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 121, issue 6 129-132 ; Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
    Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Sorokhtina N.V., Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A., Selivanova E.A. (2004) The first find of daqingshanite-(Ce) on Kola peninsula, - Trudy 1 Fersmanovskoi Nauchnoi Sessii Kolskogo Otdeleniya VMO, Apatity,pt.1, pp. 34-36 (in Russ.)
    Pekov I V, Chukanov N V, Turchkova A G, Grishin V G (2001) Ferronordorite-(La), Na3Sr(La,Ce)FeSi6O17, a new mineral of the nordite group from Lovozero Massif, Kola Peninsula, Zapiski Vserossijskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 130, issue 2, 53-58
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Y. P. Men'shikov et al.: Am. Min. 91:922-928 (2006)
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pluth, J. J., Smith, J. V., Pushcharovsky, D. Y., Semenov, E. I., Bram, A., Riekel, C., ... & Broach, R. W. (1997). Third-generation synchrotron x-ray diffraction of 6-μm crystal of raite,≈ Na3Mn3Ti0. 25Si8O20 (OH) 2⋅ 10H2O, opens up new chemistry and physics of low-temperature minerals. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 94(23), 12263-12267.; Pekov, I.V. (2000): Lovozero Massif. Moscow, Ocean Pictures Ltd, 480 pp.
    Zap. Vseross. Mineral. Obshch., 130(6), 63–67; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    American Mineralogist: 90: 1467-1468.
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
            • Seidozero Lake
    Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
    I.V. Pekov et al.: Zap. Vses. Mineral. Obshch. 133(1):49-59 (2004); Pekov et al (2005) New Data on Minerals Vol 40 pp11-16
    Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
              • Muruai and Uel'kuai rivers
    [AmMin 85:1562]; Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
            • Suoluai River Valley
              • Kuamdespakhk Mt
    Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
            • Suoluaiv Mt
    Mikhail Uchitel' data
            • Tyul'bnyunuai River Valley
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; American Mineralogist 37:802
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
          • Turii Cape
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/tury.htm
    Saint Helena
     
    • Ascension Island
    C. Harris, G. Cressey, J. D. Bell, F. B. Atkins and S. Beswetherick (1982) An Occurrence of Rare-Earth-Rich Eudialyte from Ascension Island, South Atlantic. Mineralogical Magazine 46:421-425.
    South Africa
     
    • North West Province
      • Bojanala Platinum District
        • Western Bushveld Complex
    The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1169-1178.; MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
    http://geolitho.eu/forum/index.php?topic=2019.15
    • Northern Cape Province
      • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
        • Sutherland
    Journal of African Earth Sciences Volume 21, Issue 1, July 1995, Pages 171-186
    Spain
     
    • Canary Islands
      • Santa Cruz de Tenerife Province
        • Tenerife
    "Christof Schäfer"
    Sweden
     
    • Östergötland
      • Ödeshög
    • Småland
      • Jönköping
        • Gränna
    Törnebohm, A. (1906): Katapleitsyenit, en nyupptäkt varietet af nefelinsyenit i Sverige. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, C 199: 1-54
    Tajikistan
     
    • Region of Republican Subordination
      • Tien Shan Mtn
        • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
    http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/dara.htm; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Agakhanov A.A., Pautov L.A., Karpenko V.Yu., Bekenova G.K., Uvarova Y.A. (2011) Orlovite, KLi2 TiSi4 O11F, a new mineral of the mica group New Mineral Data 46:13-19
    Tanzania
     
    • Arusha Region
      • Ngorongoro Conservation Area
    Journal of Conference Abstracts , Volume 2 Number 1 , vsg - Minsoc '97, http://www.the-conference.com/JConfAbs/2/26.html
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Borough
        • Ketchikan District
          • Prince of Wales Island
            • Cholmondeley Sound
    Min Mag (1993) VOL 57, PP. 743-746
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.; Barker, J.C., and Mardock, C.L., 1990, Rare-earth-element-and yttrium-bearing pegmatite dikes near Dora Bay, southern Prince of Wales Island: U.S. Bureau of Mines Open-File Report OFR 19-90, 41 p
      • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
        • McGrath District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Arkansas
      • Hot Spring Co.
    Rocks and Minerals, (1999) 74:189; Rocks and Minerals, (2001) 76:257; Rocks and Minerals, (1976) 51:495-507
    “Smith, A.E., Jr., 1996, Collecting Arkansas Minerals: A R“Smith, A.E., Jr., 1994, “Through the Scope: Collecting Microminerals at Cove Creek, Magnet Cove, Arkansas”: Rocks & Minerals, 69:180-185.eference and Guide.” and
    Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
    Erickson, Ralph Leroy; Blade, Lawrence Vernon (1963) Geochemistry and petrology of the alkalic igneous complex at Magnet Cove, Arkansas. USGS Prof. Paper 425
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
      • Pulaski Co.
        • Little Rock
    Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
    Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
    • Montana
      • Hill Co.
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens
      • Meagher Co.
    www.cseg.ca/conferences/2000/376.PDF.; Chakhmouradian, A. R. & Mitchell, R. H. (2002): The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 143, 93-114.
    • New Mexico
      • Colfax Co.
        • Springer
          • Point of Rocks Mesa (Pecks Mesa)
    Rocks & Min.:60:229.; 4th Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium (1985) New Mexico Geology 7:18-19
      • Otero Co.
        • Cornudas Mts
    Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 34, pp.335-347 (1996); USGS Open-File Report 02-189; Horváth Collection 5 specimens analyzed (WDS)[all eudialyte sensu stricto]
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Texas
      • Hudspeth Co.
        • Corudas Mts
    R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
    R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
    • Wisconsin
      • Marathon Co.
    Rocks & Min.: 62: 190-193.
        • Wausau pluton
    R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index
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