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Ferrinatrite

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Formula:
Na
 
3
Fe(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 3H
 
2
O
System:TrigonalColour:Colourless, grayish ...
Hardness:
Name:From the chemistry of the mineral. FERRIc iron and sodium (NATRium).
This page provides mineralogical data about Ferrinatrite.

Classification of Ferrinatrite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:6/C.16-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:7.CC.35

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
Dana 8th edition ID:29.4.4.1

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
4 : AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Hey's CIM Ref.:25.11.4

25 : Sulphates
11 : Sulphates of Fe and other metals
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Type Occurrence of Ferrinatrite

Type Locality:La Compañia Mine, Caracoles, Sierra Gorda District, Antofagasta Province, Antofagasta Region, Chile
Year of Discovery:1889

Occurrences of Ferrinatrite

Geological Setting:Oxidation zone of iron sulfides in an arid region. Rarely in fumaroles.

Physical Properties of Ferrinatrite

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Colour:Colourless, grayish white, pale green, bluish green, amethystine; colourless in transmitted light.
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Perfect
Perfect on {10_10}
Less perfect {11_20}
Fracture:Splintery
Density (measured):2.55 - 2.61 g/cm3
Density (calculated):2.55 g/cm3

Crystallography of Ferrinatrite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Class (H-M):3 - Rhombohedral
Space Group:P3
Cell Parameters:a = 15.566(5) Å, c = 8.69(1) Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 0.558
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,823.49 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:6
Morphology:Crystals short prismatic [0001]. Isolated individuals or stellate groups; fibrous aggregates or cleavable masses; cryptocrystalline.

Optical Data of Ferrinatrite

Type:Uniaxial (+)
RI values: nω = 1.556 - 1.558 nε = 1.610 - 1.613
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.054

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Comments:Colorless in thin section.

Chemical Properties of Ferrinatrite

Formula:
Na
 
3
Fe(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 3H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Na3Fe(SO4)3·3H2O
Essential elements:Fe, H, Na, O, S
All elements listed in formula:Fe, H, Na, O, S
Analytical Data:Changes to sideronatrite upon standing in moist air. Loses nearly all water at or near 100˚ C.
Empirical Formula:
Na
 
3
Fe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 3H
 
2
O

Relationship of Ferrinatrite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
7.CC.05Krausite
KFe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
7.CC.10Tamarugite
NaAl(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CC.15Kalinite
KAl(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 11H
 
2
O Not confirmed
7.CC.15Mendozite
NaAl(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 11H
 
2
O
7.CC.20Lonecreekite
(NH
 
4
)Fe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
7.CC.20Alum-(K)
KAl(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
7.CC.20Alum-(Na)
NaAl(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
7.CC.20Tschermigite
(NH
 
4
)Al(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
7.CC.20Lanmuchangite
Tl
+
 
Al(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
7.CC.25Voltaite
K
 
2
Fe
2+
5
Fe
3+
3
Al(SO
 
4
)
 
12
· 18H
 
2
O
7.CC.25Zincovoltaite
K
 
2
Zn
 
5
Fe
3+
3
Al(SO
 
4
)
 
12
· 18H
 
2
O
7.CC.25Pertlikite
K
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
Mg
 
4
Fe
3+
2
Al(SO
 
4
)
 
12
· 18H
 
2
O
7.CC.25Ammoniomagnesiovoltaite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Mg
2+
5
Fe
3+
3
Al(SO
 
4
)
 
12
· 18H
 
2
O
7.CC.30Kröhnkite
Na
 
2
Cu(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
7.CC.40Goldichite
KFe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CC.45Löweite
Na
 
12
Mg
 
7
(SO
 
4
)
 
13
· 15H
 
2
O
7.CC.50Blödite
Na
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CC.50Nickelblödite
Na
 
2
(Ni,Mg)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CC.50Changoite
Na
 
2
Zn(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CC.50Zincblödite
7.CC.55Leonite
K
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CC.55Mereiterite
K
 
2
Fe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CC.60Boussingaultite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CC.60Cyanochroite
K
 
2
Cu(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CC.60Mohrite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Fe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CC.60Nickelboussingaultite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Ni(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CC.60Picromerite
K
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CC.65Polyhalite
K
 
2
Ca
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
7.CC.70Leightonite
K
 
2
Ca
 
2
Cu(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
7.CC.75Amarillite
NaFe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CC.80Konyaite
Na
 
2
Mg(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
7.CC.85Wattevilleite
Na
 
2
Ca(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O (?)
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
25.11.1Natrojarosite
NaFe
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
25.11.2Sideronatrite
Na
 
2
Fe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 3H
 
2
O
25.11.3Metasideronatrite
Na
 
2
Fe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
25.11.5Amarillite
NaFe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
25.11.6Yavapaiite
KFe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
25.11.7Krausite
KFe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
25.11.8Goldichite
KFe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
25.11.9Jarosite
KFe
3+
 
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
25.11.10Voltaite
K
 
2
Fe
2+
5
Fe
3+
3
Al(SO
 
4
)
 
12
· 18H
 
2
O
25.11.11Ungemachite
K
 
3
Na
 
8
Fe(SO
 
4
)
 
6
(NO
 
3
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
25.11.12Metavoltine
Na
 
6
K
 
2
FeFe
 
6
(SO
 
4
)
 
12
O
 
2
· 18H
 
2
O
25.11.13Sabieite
(NH
 
4
)Fe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
25.11.14Ammoniojarosite
(NH
 
4
)Fe
3+
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
25.11.15Clairite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Fe
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
· 3H
 
2
O
25.11.16Mohrite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Fe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
25.11.17Lonecreekite
(NH
 
4
)Fe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
25.11.18Godovikovite
(NH
 
4
)Al(SO
 
4
)
 
2
25.11.19Botryogen
MgFe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 7H
 
2
O
25.11.21Slavíkite
(H
 
3
O
+
 
)
 
3
Mg
 
6
Fe
 
15
(SO
 
4
)
 
21
(OH)
 
18
· 98H
 
2
O
25.11.23Sturmanite
Ca
 
6
(Fe
3+
 
,Al,Mn
3+
 
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
[B(OH)
 
4
](OH)
 
12
· 25H
 
2
O
25.11.24Millosevichite
(Al,Fe)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
25.11.25Aluminocopiapite
Al
 
2/3
Fe
3+
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
2
· 20H
 
2
O
25.11.26Halotrichite
FeAl
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
25.11.27Idrizite
(Mg,Fe)(Al,Fe)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
2
· 15H
 
2
O or near
25.11.28Lishizhenite
ZnFe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 14H
 
2
O
25.11.29Zincovoltaite
K
 
2
Zn
 
5
Fe
3+
3
Al(SO
 
4
)
 
12
· 18H
 
2
O

Other Names for Ferrinatrite

Synonyms:
FerronatriteGordaite (of Frenzel)Leucoglaucite
Other Languages:
German:Ferrinatrit
Ferronatrit
Russian:Ферринатрит
Spanish:Ferrinatrita
Ferronatrita

Other Information

Other Information:Alters to sideronatrite in moist air.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ferrinatrite

Reference List:

- +
Mackintosh (1889) American Journal of Science [3]: 38: 244 (as ferromatrite).

Frenzel (1890) Mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Vienna: 11: 218.

Genth and Penfield (1890) American Journal of Science: 40: 202.

Arzruni and Frenzel (1891).

Scharizer (1906) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 41: 210.

Ungemach (1935) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 58: 203 (as Leucoglaucite)

Bandy (1938) American Mineralogist: 23: 731.

Gordon (1942) Not. Nat., Academy of Sciences, Philadelphia, no.103.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 456-457.

Mineralogical Magazine: 41: 375-383.

Handbook of Mineralogy: Vol V: 223.

Internet Links for Ferrinatrite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
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  • Ferrinatrite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Ferrinatrite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Jujuy
      • El Palmar District
    Zavalia, Maria Florencia Marquez & Galliski, Miguel Angel (1995): Goldichite of fumarolic origin from the Santa Barbara mine, Jujuy, northwestern Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist 33, 1059-1062.
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • Antofagasta Province
        • Sierra Gorda District
          • Caracoles
    NJMM (1987), 171; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 457, 605, 620.
      • El Loa Province
        • Calama
          • Cerritos Bayos
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. 7th edition: 457.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
          • Chuquicamata District
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 457.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 457.
    • Atacama Region
      • Copiapó Province
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 457.
    Germany
     
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Ruhr Coal Mining area
        • Herne
    No reference listed
      • Sauerland
        • Marsberg
    Lapis, 16 (12), 13-21+58.
        • Meschede
    Schnorrer-Köhler, G., (1988): Mineralogische Notizen IV, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39, 153-168
    • Saxony
      • Dresden
    Thalheim, K.; Reichel, W. & Witzke, T. (1991): Die Minerale des Döhlener Beckens.- Schriften des Staatlichen Museums für Mineralogie und Geologie zu Dresden, Nr. 3
    Italy
     
    • Campania
      • Naples Province
        • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
    Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
    • Sicily
      • Messina Province
        • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
          • Lipari
            • Vulcano Island
    Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., Russo, M. (2011): Vulcano - Tre secoli di mineralogia. AMI-Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 344 pp.
    • Tuscany
      • Siena Province
        • Chiusdino
    Mineralogical Record, 15 (1), 27-36.
    Poland
     
    • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
      • Upper Silesian Coal Basin
        • Katowice area
    Parafiniuk, J. and Kruszewski, Ł. (2009): Ammonium minerals from burning coal-dumps of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland). Geol. Quart., 53, 341-356. http://www.pgi.gov.pl/images/stories/G_Q/53_3/parafiniuk.pdf]
    USA
     
    • Utah
      • San Juan Co.
        • White Canyon District
          • Red Canyon
            • Chocolate Drop
    Plášil, j.,Kampf, A.R., Kasatkin, A.V., Marty, J., Škoda, R., Silva, S. & Čejka, J. (2013): Meisserite, Na5(UO2)(SO4)3(SO3OH)(H2O), a new uranyl sulfate mineral from the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA. Mineralogical Magazine. 77, 2975-2988.
    • Virginia
      • Louisa Co.
        • Gold-Pyrite Belt
          • Mineral
    Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
      • Wise Co.
        • Big Stone Gap
    Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
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