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Ferrisicklerite

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Formula:
Li1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Yellow-brown to dark ...
Hardness:
4
Name:
From FERRI- for trivalent iron (ferric iron) and Sicklerite in allusion to its composition as the ferric iron end member of the series with sicklerite.
Ferrisicklerite-Sicklerite Series

Occurs only as an alteration product of Triphylite and Lithiophilite, commonly as rims around partly altered masses or crystals of the latter species.

Classification of Ferrisicklerite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
8.AB.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
B : With medium-sized cations
Dana 7th ed.:
38.1.4.1
38.1.4.1

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
1 : ABXO4
19.1.12

19 : Phosphates
1 : Phosphates of the alkali metals
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Type Occurrence of Ferrisicklerite

Year of Discovery:
1937

Physical Properties of Ferrisicklerite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Yellow-brown to dark brown
Streak:
Light yellow-brown, brown, reddish brown
Hardness (Mohs):
4
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {100}, good.
Density:
3.2 - 3.4 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Crystallography of Ferrisicklerite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.91Å, b = 10.02Å, c = 4.79Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.59 : 1 : 0.478
Unit Cell Volume:
V 283.66 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Massive.

Optical Data of Ferrisicklerite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.790 nβ = 1.805 nγ = 1.820
2V:
Measured: 85° , Calculated: 88°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.030
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
single; r > v, very strong.
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = a = Dark reddish
Y = Lighter reddish
Z = Very light reddish

Chemical Properties of Ferrisicklerite

Formula:
Li1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Ferrisicklerite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Sicklerite (see here)
Other Members of Group:
KarenwebberiteNa(Fe2+,Mn2+)PO4
LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4
Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
8.AB.05FarringtoniteMg3(PO4)2
8.AB.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
8.AB.10LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
8.AB.10NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4
8.AB.10Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
8.AB.10SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
8.AB.10SimferiteLi(Mg,Fe3+,Mn3+)2(PO4)2
8.AB.10TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
8.AB.10KarenwebberiteNa(Fe2+,Mn2+)PO4
8.AB.15Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
8.AB.15Chopinite(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2
8.AB.20Beusite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Ca,Mg)3(PO4)2
8.AB.20Graftonite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3(PO4)2
8.AB.25XanthiositeNi3(AsO4)2
8.AB.30LammeriteCu3(AsO4)2
8.AB.30Lammerite-βCu3(AsO4)2
8.AB.35McbirneyiteCu3(VO4)2
8.AB.35StranskiiteZn2Cu(AsO4)2
8.AB.35PseudolyonsiteCu3(VO4)2
8.AB.40LyonsiteCu3Fe4(VO4)6
19.1.1LithiophosphateLi3PO4
19.1.2OlympiteNa5Li(PO4)2
19.1.3NahpoiteNa2HPO4
19.1.4DorfmaniteNa2HPO4 · 2H2O
19.1.5NalipoiteNaLi2PO4
19.1.6StercoriteNa(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2O
19.1.7Archerite(K,NH4)(H2PO4)
19.1.8Biphosphammite(NH4,K)(H2PO4)
19.1.9Phosphammite(NH4)2(HPO4)
19.1.10LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
19.1.11SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
19.1.13TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
19.1.14TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
19.1.15MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)
38.1.4.2SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
38.1.4.3SimferiteLi(Mg,Fe3+,Mn3+)2(PO4)2

Other Names for Ferrisicklerite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Soluble in acids.

Alters to the Heterosite-Purpurite Series by oxidation of the Mn'' and leaching of the Li.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ferrisicklerite

Reference List:
Quensel (1937) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 59: 77.

Björling and Westgren (1938) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 60: 67.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 672.

American Mineralogist (1937): 22: 875.

American Mineralogist (1941): 26: 681.

Acta Crystallographica: B32: 2761-2764.

Internet Links for Ferrisicklerite

Localities for Ferrisicklerite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Angola
 
  • Namibe Province
    • Giraul pegmatite field
Antonio Olimpio Gonçalves, Joan Carles Melgarejo, Pura Alfonso Abella (2009) SEQUENCE OF CRYSTALLISATION OF PEGMATITES: THE ANGOLA CASE. Estudos Geológicos v. 19 (2), pp 35-39
Argentina
 
  • San Luis
    • Coronel Pringles Department
      • Totoral pegmatitic field
        • La Florida
OYARZABAL, J. and GALLISKI, M.A.. Hureaulite, Mn+25(H2O)4[PO3(OH)]2[PO4]2, from different deposits of the Totoral pegmatitic field, San Luis. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.2, pp. 210-216.; Galliski, M. A., Zavalia, M. F. M., de Upton, I. L., & Oyarzabal, J. C. (1998). Mitridatite from the San Luis granitic pegmatite, La Florida, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36(2), 395-397.
OYARZABAL, J. and GALLISKI, M.A.. Hureaulite, Mn+25(H2O)4[PO3(OH)]2[PO4]2, from different deposits of the Totoral pegmatitic field, San Luis. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.2, pp. 210-216.
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Upper Gascoyne Shire
      • Yinnietharra (Yinnietharra Station; Yinnetharra)
Pegmatites of Western Australia; M.I. Jacobson, M.A. Calderwood, B.A. Grguric; Hesperian Press, Perth, WA
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Koralpe
      • Moschkogel - Weinebene area
        • Brandrücken
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Doce valley
      • Conselheiro Pena
Baijot, M., Hatert, F., Dal Rio, F. & Philipo, S. (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of phosphate mineral association from the Jocão pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist 52, 373-397.
      • Divino das Laranjeiras
        • Linópolis
Cassedanne, J.P. (1983): Famous mineral localities: The Córrego Frio mine and vicinity, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 14 (4): 227-237 [ p.233-4]
      • Galiléia
        • Sapucaia do Norte
Cassedanne, J.P. & Baptista, A. (1999): Famous Mineral Localities: The Sapucaia Pegmatite Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 30: 347-360 + 365; Baijot, M., Hatert, F. & Philippo, S. (2012): Mineralogy and geochemistry of phosphates and silicates in the Sapucaia pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil: Genetic implications. Canadian Mineralogist. 50, 1531-1554
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Frei Martinho
Mineralogical Record: 22: 183.
      • Pedra Lavrada
Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Nanping Prefecture
      • Yanping District
Huan Hu, Rucheng Wang, Fontan, F., Aicheng Zhang, and Jiadeng Chen (2007): Presented at the International Symposium: Granitic Pegmatites: The State of the Art, May 06–12, 2007, Porto, Portugal.
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
Zhiguo Liu, Dawei Dong, Milan Liu,Yu Sui, Wenhui Su, Zhengnan Qian, and Zhe Li (2005): Hyperfine Interactions 163(1-4), 13-27.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
Povondra, P., Pivec, E. (eds.) et al.: Přibyslavice peraluminuous granite. Acta universitatis carolinae, Geologica, 1987, no. 3, s . 183 – 283.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Želetava
        • Krasonice
Luna J.: Lithný pegmatit od Krasonic u Želetavy na západní Moravě. Časopis Moravského musea v Brně, Vědy přírodní, 1962, roč. 47, s. 33-36.
Finland
 
  • Southern Finland Region
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II:
Lahti, S. I. (ed.) (1989): Late oreogenic and synorgenic svecofennian granitoids and associated pegmatites of southern Finland. Excursion C1. Symposium. Precambrian granitoids. Petrogenesis, geochemistry and metallogeny. August 14-17, 1989, University of Helsinki, Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Opas - Guide 26.
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Seinäjoki
Alviola, Reijo 1989. On the granitic pegmatites of the Seinäjoki and Haapaluoma groups. In: Symposium Precambrian granitoids. Petrogenesis, geochemistry and metallogeny, August 14-17 Helsinki, Finland. Excurcion CI: Lateorogenic and synorogenic Svecofennian granitoids and associated pegmatites of southern Finland, ed. S.I.Lahti GTK opas 26, 41-48
France
 
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
P. Keller, F. Fontan, F. Velasco Roldan, J.C. Melgarejo i Draper : "Stanekite a new Phosphate Mineral in Pegmatites at Karibib (Namibia) and French Pyrénées (France)", European Journal of Mineralogy, 1977, 9, 475-482
        • Argelès-sur-Mer
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012). Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association française de Microminéralogie,
        • Collioure (Cotlliure)
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012) Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association Française de Microminéralogie
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Ariège
      • Auzat
Inventaire Minéralogique de la France Ariège T.2 éditions BRGM
      • Le Bosc
        • Cirque de Pénitence
Inventaire mineralogique de l'Ariege (Editions BRGM 1984)
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Zwiesel
        • Rabenstein
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 673; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
Dill H.G.: "Mineralogical and chemical composition of the Hagendorf-North Pegmatite, SE Germany - a monographic study", J. Min. Geochem, 2013
Mücke, A., Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Haase, J., (1989): Über einige Neufunde (Matulait, Chalkantit, und Jarosit)....., Der Aufschluss, Vol. 40, 295-307
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Colico
        • Piona Peninsula
Vignola, P., Fransolet, A.M., Guastoni, A. & Appiani, R. (2011). Le pegmatiti di Piona. Recenti studi sui filoni Malpensata, Luna e Sommafiume. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2011, 30-38
      • Dorio
Vignola, P., Fransolet, A.M., Guastoni, A. & Appiani, R. (2011). Le pegmatiti di Piona. Recenti studi sui filoni Malpensata, Luna e Sommafiume. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2011, 30-38.; Vignola P., Diella V., Ferrari E.S., Fransolet A.-M. (2011): Complex mechanisms of alteration in a graftonite + sacropside+ triphylite association from the Luna pegmatite, Piona, Lecco Province, Italy. Can. Mineral., 49, 765-776.
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
        • Bodengo Valley
Guastoni, A., et al. (2007): [Title]. Mineralogical Magazine 71,579-585
Kazakhstan
 
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Kalba Range
      • Belogorskii Town
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Morocco (TL)
 
  • Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz Region
    • El Kelaâ des Sraghna Province
Bulletin de Minéralogie 99 (1976), 274
Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
  • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
FRANSOLET, A.-M., ABRAHAM, K. et SPEETJENS, J.-M. (1985) Evolution génétique et signification des associations de phosphates de la pegmatite d'Angarf-Sud, Plaine de Tazenakht, Anti-Atlas, Maroc. Bull. Minéral., 108, 551-574
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Okatjimukuju Farm 55 (Friedrichsfelde Farm)
P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
      • Tsaobismund Farm 85
Contrib Mineral Petrol (1986) 92:502-517
      • Usakos
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).
  • Karas Region
    • Bethanie District
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern: 393 (in English)
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Sowie Mts
Pieczka A., Łobos K., Sachanbiński M. 2004: The first occurence of elbaite in Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 35, 3-14
    • Sudetes Mts
      • Sowie Mts
Łodziński M. & Sitarz M. 2008: Chemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Some Phosphates Accessory Minerals from Pegmatites of the Sowie Mts (Owles Mts), SW Poland. EUCMOS, Spectroscopy Applied to Archaeology, Arts, Geology and Mineralogy, p. 278
    • Świdnica District
Pieczka A., Gołębiowska B., Skowroński, A. (2003): Ferrisicklerite and other phosphate minerals from the Lutomia pegmatite (SW Poland, Lower Silesia, Góry Sowie Mts) Book of Abstracts. Int. Symp. on Light Elements in Rock-forming Minerals, Nove Mesto na Morave, Czech Republic, June 20-25 2003, 63-64
Portugal
 
  • Vila Real District
Martins, T., Lima, A., Simmons, W.B. Falster, A.U. & Noronha, F. (2011): Geochemical fractionation of Nb-Ta oxides in Li-bearing pegmatites from the Barroso-Alvão pegmatite field, Northern Portugal. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 777-791
Novák, M. et al. (2009): Ferronigerite with dominant substitution TiSn-1 in muscovite+chlorite aggregate from massive quartz nodule associated with a petalite-rich aplite-pegmatite of the Barroso-Alvão pegmatite field, Northern Portugal. N. Jb. Mineral. Abh. 186, 67-78.
Rwanda
 
  • Southern Province
    • Gitarama
Royal Museum for Central Africa, Belgium Collection, # 9914
  • Western Province
    • Gatumba District
Bertossa, A., 1967. Inventaire des minéraux du Rwanda. Bulletin du Service Géologique de Rwanda 4, 25-45.; Daltry, V.D.C. and O. von Knorring (1998) Type-Mineralogy of Rwanda with Particular Reference to the Buranga Pegmatite. Geologica Belgica 1:1-9
South Korea
 
  • Jeollabuk-do (Cholla-pukto; Jeonrabugdo)
    • Changsu-gun
      • Kyenae-myon
Kinosaki, Y. (1940) Jour. Min. Soc. Korea, 23, 11.
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
      • Garcirrey
American Mineralogist 89:110-125 (2004); Encarnación Roda-Robles, Alfonso Pesquera (2007) Locality no. 4: The Phosphates-Rich Cañada Pegmatite (Aldehuela de La Bóveda, Salamanca, Spain) in ALEXANDRE LIMA & ENCARNACIÓN RODA ROBLES ed (2007) GRANITIC PEGMATITES: THE STATE OF THE ART - FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK. MEMÓRIAS N. º 9, UNIV. DO PORTO, FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS, DEPARTAMENTO DE GEOLOGIA pp 67-72.
Encarnación Roda-Robles, Alfonso Pesquera (2007) Locality no. 3: Lepidolite-spodumene-rich and cassiterite-rich pegmatites from the Feli open-pit, (La Fregeneda, Salamanca, Spain) in ALEXANDRE LIMA & ENCARNACIÓN RODA ROBLES ed (2007) GRANITIC PEGMATITES: THE STATE OF THE ART - FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK. MEMÓRIAS N. º 9, UNIV. DO PORTO, FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS, DEPARTAMENTO DE GEOLOGIA pp 55-64
    • Zamora
      • Villar del Buey
        • Pinilla de Fermoselle
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Alt Empordà
        • Cadaqués
Bareche, E. (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Ed. Museu Mollfulleda de Mineralogia - Grup Mineralògic Català, 269 p.
Sweden
 
  • Södermanland
    • Norrö
Gustafson, Lars.(1989): Norrö glimmerbrott.Stuffen (Medlemsblad för Södertörn Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). Nr 39, nov 1989, 8-12; Gustafsson, Lars & Otter, Bertil (1991): Mineralförekomster i Stockholmstrakten.Del 2. STEIN 18(4),4-12
    • Utö
Gustafsson, Lars (1991): Triphylit och ferrisicklerite från Utö järnmalmsgruva. Berg & Mineral(Medlemstidning för Stockholms Amatørgeologiska Sällskap). 1, nr 1, p.17; Langhof, J., Jonson, E, Gustafsson, L. & Otter, B. (1998): Utö- en klassisk svensk mineralfyndort. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 14, 29-31
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 673.
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Lago Maggiore
Vignola, P., Diella, V., Oppizzi, P., Tiepolo, M. & Weiss, S. (2008): Phosphate assemblages from the Brissago granitic pegmatite, Western Southern Alps, Switzerland. Can. Mineral. 46, 635-650.
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 161.
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Coosa Co.
Rocks & Minerals: 70(5): 320-333.
  • California
San Diego Natural History Museum
  • Colorado
    • Larimer Co.
      • Crystal Mountain Pegmatite District (Storm Mountain District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
        • Storm Mountain
Rocks & Minerals: 62: 234.
  • Connecticut
    • Litchfield Co.
      • Harwinton
Januzzi, Ronald E. and David Seaman. (1976): Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World. The Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Cobalt
Schooner (1958)
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Newry
GUIDEBOOK 1 Mineral Collecting in the Maine Pegmatite Belt Prepared by members of Maine Federation Club 1972 pg 20-21
  • Massachusetts
    • Essex Co.
      • Andover
Gleba, 1978. Mass. Mineral & Fossil Loc.
      • North Andover
Harvard Mineralogical Museum, Ex. Ed Grew collection
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Walpole
Tom Mortimer, http://mindatnh.org
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Rocks & Min.: 16:208-211.; USGS Prof Paper 255; USGS Prof Paper 353; NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
Rocks & Min., May 1999.; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
    • Strafford Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 673.
      • Strafford
        • Parker Mountain
Dana 7:II:673; Switzer (1938) The Paragenesis of the Center Strafford, New Hampshire Pegmatite. American Mineralogist 23:811 ; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
  • North Carolina
    • Cleveland Co.
      • Kings Mountain District
Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Fourmile
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117-118.
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Glendale
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 116.
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
        • Keystone
Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Am Min 70:9-10 pp 1044-1049
Mineral and/or Locality  
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