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Ferro-tschermakite

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Gustav Tschermak
Formula:
☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferro-tschermakite is defined as a tschermakite group member with the following dominant elements:
C position: Fe as the dominant divalent cation and Al as the dominant trivalent cation.
W position: (OH) as the dominant anion
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Medium green to dark ...
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
5 - 6
Name:
For its iron-rich relationship to Tschermakite, named for Gustav Tschermak.
Ferrotschermakite is defined as a Tschermakite Group memeber with Fe2+>Mg and Al>Fe3+ in the C position. Ferrotschermakite has been redefined in the 2012 Amphibole nomenclature in that:


1) The formula is changed from ☐(Ca2)(Fe2+3AlFe3+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2 to ☐(Ca2)(Fe2+3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2. Consequently all pre-2012 literature references to ferrotschermakite should be checked to verify that Al>Fe3+ in the C position. If Fe3+>Al in the C position the material will be ferro-ferri-tschermakite.

2) The tschermakite group is in the 2012 nomenclature defined with C(Al+Fe3++2Ti)>1,5 apfu, whereas the pre-2012 definition was defined with 5,5 < Si < 6,5 apfu. This redefinition does not change the formula, but many amphiboles qualifying as tschermakite pre-2012 will now be ferro-hornblende or ferro-ferrihornblende.


It should also be noted that pre-1978 tschermakite was defined with A+B(Na+K+Ca)<2,5. As tschermakite often contains less than 2apfu Ca, older literature may describe amphiboles with A(Na+K)>0,5 as tschermakites. These are now considered pargasites

Classification of Ferro-tschermakite

Notes:
Unnamed (probably valid)
Approval History:
Unnamed, but probably valid.
9.DE.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
E : Inosilicates with 2-periodic double chains, Si4O11; Clinoamphiboles
16.21.3

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
21 : Aluminosilicates of Fe and Ca
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http://www.mindat.org/min-1532.html
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Physical Properties of Ferro-tschermakite

Vitreous
Colour:
Medium green to dark green to green-black to black, also brownish-green.
Streak:
Pale grey-green
Hardness (Mohs):
5 - 6
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {110}

Crystallography of Ferro-tschermakite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.86Å, b = 18.13Å, c = 5.33Å
β = 104.95°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.544 : 1 : 0.294
Unit Cell Volume:
V 920.55 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Ferro-tschermakite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.720 nγ = 1.750
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.030
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
relatively strong

Chemical Properties of Ferro-tschermakite

Formula:
☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2

Ferro-tschermakite is defined as a tschermakite group member with the following dominant elements:
C position: Fe as the dominant divalent cation and Al as the dominant trivalent cation.
W position: (OH) as the dominant anion
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ti,Mn,Na,K,F,Cl,Mg,Fe2+

Relationship of Ferro-tschermakite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Tschermakite (see here)
Other Members of Group:
Ferri-fluoro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Ferri-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferro-ferri-fluoro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Fe23+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Ferro-Ferri-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Fe23+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ferro-fluoro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al}2(Al2Si6O22)F2
Fluoro-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.05Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.05Cummingtonite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.05Clino-holmquistite Root Name☐{Li2}{Z32+Z23+}(Si8O22)(OH,F,Cl)2
9.DE.05Grunerite☐{Fe22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.05Manganocummingtonite☐{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.05Manganogrunerite☐{Mn22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.05Permanganogrunerite☐{Mn22+}{Mn52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.05Ferro-fluoro-pedrizite{Na}{Li2}{Fe2Al2Li}(Al2Si6O22)F2
9.DE.05Ferri-fluoro-leakeite{Na}{Na2}{Mg2Fe23+Li}(Si8O22)F2
9.DE.10Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Ferri-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Ferro-actinolite☐{Ca2}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Joesmithite{Pb}{Ca2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Be2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Tschermakite☐(Ca2)(Mg3Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10CannilloiteCa(Ca2)(Mg4Al)(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Fluoro-cannilloite{Ca}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al3Si5O22)(F,OH)2
9.DE.10Parvo-manganotremolite☐{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.10Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
9.DE.10Potassic-fluoro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)F2
9.DE.15Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Ferro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Ferro-kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe32+AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
9.DE.15Ferro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
9.DE.15Magnesio-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Fluoro-edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-ferri-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Fe32+Fe23+}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-sadanagaite{K}{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
9.DE.15Potassic-fluoro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2
9.DE.15Fluoro-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(F,OH)2
9.DE.15Parvo-mangano-edenite{Na}{CaMn2+}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-chloro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(Cl,OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-chloro-edenite{K}{Ca2}{Fe52+}(AlSi7O22)(Cl,OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-magnesio-hastingsite{K}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.15Chromio-pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Cr3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe32+Al2)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Barroisite☐{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-barroisite☐(CaNa)(Fe32+Fe23+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Fe42+(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-barroisite☐(CaNa)(Mg3Fe23+)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Fe32+Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-ferri-katophoriteNa(NaCa)(Fe42+Fe3+)(Si7Al)O22(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-barroisite☐{CaNa}{Fe32+Al2}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-winchite ☐{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferro-katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Fe42+Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-taramiteNa(CaNa)(Mg3Fe23+)(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Magnesiotaramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3AlFe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Richterite{Na}{NaCa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Winchite☐{CaNa}{Mg4Al}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
9.DE.20Fluoro-richterite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
9.DE.20Katophorite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg4Al}[(AlSi7)O22](OH)2
9.DE.20Potassic-fluoro-richterite{K}{CaNa}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(F,OH)2
9.DE.20Potassic-richteriteK[CaNa][Mg5]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-ghoseite☐[Mn2+Na][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.20Ferri-winchite☐[CaNa][Mg4(Fe3+,Al)]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.20Fluoro-taramite{Na}{CaNa}{Mg3Al2}(Al2Si6O22)F2
9.DE.25Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25EckermanniteNaNa2(Mg4Al}Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Ferro-eckermanniteNaNa2(Fe42+Al)Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Ferro-glaucophane◻[Na2][Fe32+Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Glaucophane◻[Na2][Mg3Al2]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Potassic-mangani-leakeite[(Na,K)][Na2][Mg2Mn23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Mangano-ferri-eckermannite[Na][Na2][Mn42+(Fe3+)]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Mg2Fe23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Magnesio-riebeckite◻{Na2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.25Magnesio-arfvedsonite{Na}{Na2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.25NybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.25Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Mangano-mangani-ungarettiiteNaNa2(Mn22+Mn33+)(Si8O22)O2
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-nybøiteNaNa2[(Fe32+,Mg)Fe23+](AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.25Clino-ferro-ferri-holmquistite◻{Li2}{Fe32+Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.25Ferri-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Fe23+](AlSi7O22)(OH)2
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-leakeite[Na][Na2][Fe22+Fe23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-fluoro-leakeiteNa(Na2)(Fe22+Fe23+Li)(Si8O22)(F)2
9.DE.25Sodic-ferri-clinoferroholmquistiteNa0.5{Li2}{Fe32+Fe23+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.25Magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22](F,OH)2
9.DE.25Ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Mg2Fe23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Potassic-ferri-leakeite[K][Na2][Mg2Fe23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Fluoro-nybøiteNaNa2(Mg3Al2)(AlSi7O22)(F,OH)2
9.DE.25Mangani-dellaventuraite{Na}{Na2}{MgMn23+LiTi4+}Si8O22O2
9.DE.25Fluoro-pedriziteNaLi2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2
9.DE.25Potassic-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Mangani-obertiiteNa(Na2)(Mg3Mn3+Ti)(Si8O22)O2
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-fluoro-arfvedsonite[(K,Na)][Na2][Mg4Fe3+][Si8O22][(F,OH)2]
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-pedrizite[Na][Li2][Fe22+Fe23+Li]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Potassic-magnesio-arfvedsonite[K][Na2][Mg4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25PedriziteNaLi2(LiMg2Al2)(Si8O22)(OH)2
9.DE.25Ferro-pedriziteNaLi2(Fe22+Al2Li)Si8O22(OH)2
9.DE.25Fluoro-leakeiteNaNa2(Mg2Al2Li)(Si8O22)F2
9.DE.25Ferro-ferri-obertiiteNaNa2(Fe32+Fe3+Ti)Si8O22O2
16.21.1EsseneiteCaFe3+[AlSiO6]
16.21.2Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
16.21.4Ferro-aluminotschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Al2}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
16.21.5Ferri-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Mg3Fe23+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
16.21.6Ferro-Ferri-tschermakite☐{Ca2}{Fe32+Fe23+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
16.21.7Alumino-ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
16.21.8Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)Ca2Fe2+Al2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH)2 · H2O
16.21.8Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)Ca2(Fe3+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)(SiO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O

Other Names for Ferro-tschermakite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ferro-tschermakite

Reference List:
Hawthorne, F.C., Grundy, H.D. (1973) The crystal chemistry of the amphiboles. I. Refinement of the crystal structure of ferrotschermakite. Mineralogical Magazine: 39: 36-48.

Mandarino, J.A. (1998) The Second List of Additions and Corrections to the Glossary of Mineral Species (1995). The Amphibole Group. Mineralogical Record: 29: 169-174.

Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R. (2006) On the classification of amphiboles. The Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 1-21.

Ishida, K., Hawthorne, F.C. (2006) Assignment of infrared OH-stretching bands in calcic amphiboles through deuteration and heat treatment. American Mineralogist: 91: 871-879.

Hawthorne, F.C., Oberti, R., Harlow, G.E., Maresch, W.V., Martin, R.F., Schumacher, J.C., Welch, M.D. (2012) Nomenclature of the amphibole supergroup. American Mineralogist: 97: 2031-2048.

Internet Links for Ferro-tschermakite

Localities for Ferro-tschermakite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
Econ Geol (1985) 80:488-496
      • Northern Broken Hill Block
  • Victoria
    • City of Greater Shepparton
      • Dookie
G L Morvell (1976). Mineral Occurrences at Dookie, Victoria. Australian Mineralogist No.6 Oct/Nov 1976, pp. 21-23; G.L. Morvell (1976), Mineral Occurrences at Dookie, Victoria. Australian Mineralogist No.6 Oct/Nov 1976 pp. 21-23
  • Western Australia
Steadman, J. A., Large, R. R., Davidson, G. J., Bull, S. W., Thompson, J., Ireland, T. R., & Holden, P. (2014). Paragenesis and composition of ore minerals in the Randalls BIF-hosted gold deposits, Yilgarn Craton, Western Australia: Implications for the timing of deposit formation and constraints on gold sources. Precambrian Research, 243, 110-132.
      • Mount Monger Goldfield
Steadman, J.A., Large, A.A., Davidson, G.J., Bull, S.W., Thompson, J., Ireland, T.R., Holden, P. (2014), Paragenesis and Composition of Ore Minerals in the Randalls BIF Hosted Gold Deposits Yilgarn Craton Western Australia: implications for timing of deposit formation and constraints in gold source, Precambrian Research, 243, pp110-132, 2014
Brazil
 
  • Goiás
Jost, H., and de Tarso Ferro de Oliveira Fortes, P. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 358-376.
  • Pará
Revista Brasileirade Geociências 30(3):367-370 (2000)
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Catingueira
Souza Neto, J.A., Legrand, J.M., Volfinger, M., Pascal, M.-L., and Sonnet, P. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 185-205.
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Lynn Lake District
Samson I M, Blackburn W H, Gagnon J E (1999) Paragenesis and composition of amphibole and biotite in the MacLellan gold deposit, Lynn Lake greenstone belt, Manitoba, Canada, The Canadian Mineralogist 37, 1405-1421
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Denison Township
Szentpeteri, K., Molnar, Watkinson & Jones (2003) Geology and high grade hydrothermal PGE mineralization of the Vermilion quartz diorite offset dike, Sudbury, Canada, P. 644.
      • Levack Township
McCormick, K.A. and McDonald, A. (1999) Chlorine-bearing amphiboles from the Fraser mine, Sudbury, Ontario, Canada: Description and crystal chemistry. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1385-1403.
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
        • Hemlo gold deposit
Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756
    • Timiskaming District
      • Boston Township
Econ Geol (1993) 88:817-836
  • Québec
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Chibougamau
Guha et al (1991) Geological Survey of Canada Open File Report 2158 pp97-103
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
      • Hexigten Banner (Keshiketeng Co.)
Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359; Zhenhua Zhou, Hongwei Liu, Guoxiong Chang, Linsu Li, Tao Li, Yongjun Yang, Ruijun Zhang, and Xianhe Ji (2011): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 30(1), 97-112
  • Yunnan Province
    • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
      • Gejiu Co.
Yiming Zhao and Daxin Li (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(4), 345-359
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Javorník (Jauernig)
        • Horní Hostice
Zimák, J.: Mineralogie železných rud na historickém ložisku Horní Hoštice v Rychlebských horách (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 2, 238-242.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea Governorate
    • Eastern Desert
Mona Kabesh, Asran M. Asran and Ezzat Abdel Rahman (2012) Mineral chemistry of banded migmatites from Hafafit and Feiran areas, Egypt. Arabian Journal of Geosciences 1866-7511:1-13
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Enontekiö
Sipilä, Pekka 1992. The Caledonian Halt-Ridnitsohkka igneous complex in Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 362, 75 p. 23 app. pages
France
 
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Tarn
Eur. J. Mineral. , 1993, 5, pp. 879-891.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
Christian Rewitzer (personal collection/dealer)
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
www.excaliburmineral.com/mind-j.htm.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Strzegom-Sobótka Massif
      • Świdnica District
DHZ, Vol. 2B, 2nd ed., p. 249.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Poltár Co.
      • Kalinovo
Spišak J., Hovorka D 2005.: Metabazity a metasedimenty z okolia ultrabázického telesa medzi Brezničkou a Kalinovom. Min.Slov., 37,1, 47-54
Sweden
 
  • Lappland
    • Kiruna district
Valentin Alain (2014) Mineral Chemistry and Texture Paragenesis of Alteration Minerals in the Pahtohavare Cu-Au Deposit, Sweden. Masters Thesis Luleå University of Technology
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Goms
      • Ulrichen
        • Ägene Valley (Äginen Valley; Aeginen Valley)
          • Gries lake area
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 263.
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Ruby District
Caine, J.S., Manning, A.H., Berger, B.R., Kremer, Y., Guzman, M.A., Eberl, D.D., and Schuller, K. (2010): USGS Open-File Report 10-1008
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
  • Virginia
    • Pittsylvania Co.
      • James River-Roanoke River Mn-Fe-Ba District
ROBERT J. TRACY and JAMES S. BEARD(2003): Manganoan kinoshitalite in Mn-rich marble and skarn from Virginia American Mineralogist Vol 88:pp740-747 ; Tracy, R. J., & Beard, J. S. (2003). Manganoan kinoshitalite in Mn-rich marble and skarn from Virginia. American Mineralogist, 88(5-6), 740-747.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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