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Florencite-(Ce)

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Formula:
CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Hardness:
5 - 6
Name:
After Dr. W. Florence, who made a preliminary chemical examination of the mineral, and the "-(Ce)" suffix in allusion to cerium being the dominant REE in the composition.
This page provides mineralogical data about Florencite-(Ce).

Classification of Florencite-(Ce)

Approved
7/B.36-110
8.BL.13

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
L : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 3:1
41.5.10.2

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq
19.9.10

19 : Phosphates
9 : Phosphates of rare earths and Sc
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First Recorded Occurrence of Florencite-(Ce)

Physical Properties of Florencite-(Ce)

Hardness (Mohs):
5 - 6

Optical Data of Florencite-(Ce)

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.747 nε = 1.776
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.029
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High

Chemical Properties of Florencite-(Ce)

Formula:
CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Florencite-(Ce) to other Species

Other Members of Group:
BenauiteSrFe33+(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6
CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Florencite-(Nd)(Nd,La,Ce)Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
Florencite-(Sm)(Sm,Nd)Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
GalloplumbogummitePb(Ga,Al)3-xGexH1-x(PO4)2(OH)6 for 0 ≤ x ≤ 1
GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Kintoreite-2cPbFe33+(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
SpringcreekiteBaV33+(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
WaylanditeBiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
ZaïriteBiFe33+(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.05BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05GallobeudantitePbGa3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.10ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
8.BL.10ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
8.BL.10ArsenocrandalliteCaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
8.BL.10BenauiteSrFe33+(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.10CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
8.BL.10DussertiteBaFe33+(AsO4)2(OH)5
8.BL.10EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.10GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
8.BL.10GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
8.BL.10KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
8.BL.10PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
8.BL.10PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
8.BL.10SegnititePbFe33+(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)6
8.BL.10SpringcreekiteBaV33+(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(La)LaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Nd)NdAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Ce)CeAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Nd)(Nd,La,Ce)Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13WaylanditeBiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13ZaïriteBiFe33+(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13ArsenowaylanditeBiAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Graulichite-(Ce)CeFe33+(AsO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Sm)(Sm,Nd)Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.15ViitaniemiiteNa(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
8.BL.25PattersonitePbFe33+(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
19.9.1Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
19.9.2Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2O
19.9.3Monazite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Nd,Th)(PO4)
19.9.4Monazite-(La)(La,Ce,Nd)(PO4)
19.9.5Monazite-(Nd)(Nd,La,Ce)(PO4)
19.9.6Rhabdophane-(Ce)(Ce,La)(PO4) · H2O
19.9.7Rhabdophane-(La)(La,Ce)(PO4) · H2O
19.9.8Rhabdophane-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,La)(PO4) · H2O
19.9.9Vitusite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2
19.9.11Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
19.9.12Florencite-(Nd)(Nd,La,Ce)Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
19.9.13KolbeckiteScPO4 · 2H2O

Other Names for Florencite-(Ce)

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:磷铝铈矿

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Florencite-(Ce)

Reference List:
Hussak and Prior (1900) Mineralogical Magazine: 12: 244.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 76.

Ramdohr and Thilo (1940) Zentralblatt Mineralien: 1 (as Stiepelmannite).

Ygberg (1945) Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi, Stockholm: 20: 13.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 838-839.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1990): 227-231.

Internet Links for Florencite-(Ce)

Localities for Florencite-(Ce)

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca
    • Belén Department
      • Papachacra
Edwardo Jawerbaum, prominant Argentinian collector.; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234-235
          • Cerro León Muerto
Minerals acquired from Nelson Valenzuela
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
      • Mount Isa district
American Mineralogist (1987) 72:429-432
  • South Australia
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Lottermoser B. G. (1995). Neues.Jb. Miner. Mh.1995, 8, 371-384; Econ Geol. (1992) 87:1-28; Roberts, D.E., Hudson, G.R.T., and Li, Z. (1984): Geology and Prospecting 20(7), 32-37, 51
  • Tasmania
    • Queenstown district
No reference listed
Bottrill RS & Baker, WE (in prep) Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania. Mineral Resources Tasmania
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Millstatt lake ridge
      • Spittal
        • Lieser ravine
G.Blaß (2000)
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Felben valley
        • Amerbach valley
Bernhard, F. & Postl, W. (2004)
  • Styria
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • Krieglach
        • Freßnitzgraben
          • Alpl
F. Bernhard, F. Walter, K. Ettinger, J. Taucher, K. Mereiter: Amer. Mineral. 83:625-630 (1998)
SEM-EDS on polished section, 15.1.2005, Franz Bernhard
      • Langenwang
        • Pretulgraben
      • Rettenegg
Leikauf, B. & Jakely, D. (2007): Ein Goldfund vom Blasenkogel bei Rettenegg in der Oststeiermark. Der Steirische Mineralog 16, Nr. 21, 10-14.
  • Vorarlberg
    • Montafon
      • Vandans
Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1855) Ankerit, Aragonit, Cobaltit, Dolomit, Elektrum, Florencit-(Ce), Gersdorffit, Jarosit, Magnesit, Malachit, Monazit-(Ce), Monazit-(La), Tellurobismuthit(?) und weitere Mineralien aus dem unteren Rellstal, Montafon, Vorarlberg. Pp. 91-92 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Sankt-Vith
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Stavelot Massif
      • Vielsalm
        • Cahai (Cahay)
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí Department
    • Rafael Bustillo Province (Bustillos Province)
      • Llallagua
Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Brumado (Bom Jesus dos Meiras)
      • Serra das Éguas
P Bongaerts collection
  • Minas Gerais
    • Iron Quadrangle
      • Ouro Preto
        • Main district
Hussak and Prior (1900) Mineralogical Magazine: 12: 244.
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Poços de Caldas
Waber (1991)
    • Santo Antônio do Itambé
Hussak and Prior (1900) Mineralogical Magazine: 12: 244.
China
 
  • Guizhou Province
    • Bijie Prefecture
      • Hezhang Co.
Ruidong Yang, Wei Wang, Miao Bao, Qiang Wang, and Huairui Wei (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(suppl.), 205-208
      • Weining Co.
Zhongxin Yuan, Jiankang Li, and Lijuan Ying (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(5), 581-582
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Beroun (Beraun)
Horáková, M., Novák, F.: Výskyt nerostů alunit-crandallitové skupiny v liteňském souvrství Barrandienu. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1989, roč. 34, č. 2, s. 151-163.
    • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
    • Plzeň Region
      • Planá u Mariánských Lázní (Plan)
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Krupka (Graupen)
          • Knöttel area (Knötel; Knödel; Knödlberg)
Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Moravia-Silesia Region
      • Bílovec
Kučera, J. Kučerová - Charvátová, K., Škoda, R.: Nové výskyty minerálů na hydrotermálních žilách Nízkého Jeseníku. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2007, roč. 14-15, s. 69-72.
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Joensuu
      • Eno
Knorring, O. v., Brinley, G. W. & Hunter, K. 1952. Nacrite from Hirvivaara, northern -Karelia, Finland. Mineralogical Magazine 29, 218, 963-972
Gabon
 
  • Haut-Ogooué Province
    • Franceville
Janusz Janeczek (1999) Mineralogy and geochemistry of natural fission reactors in Gabon. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, MSA, v. 38, p. 321-392
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Hesse
    • Taunus
      • Idstein
        • Lenzhahn
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Taunus
      • Niederneisen
        • Hahnstätten
          • Lohrheim
H. G. Dill, A. Fricke and K.-H. Henning (1995): The origin of Ba- and REE-bearing aluminium-phosphate-sulphate minerals from the Lohrheim kaolinitic clay deposit (Rheinisches Schiefergebirge, Germany). Applied Clay Science, 10, 231-245.
  • Saxony
    • Vogtland
      • Klingenthal
        • Muldenberg
BLAß, G. & GRAF, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von bekannten Fundstellen (13). - Mineralien-Welt 6 (3), 47-51.
Germany & Czech Republic
 
  • Saxony & Ústí Region (Bohemia; Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Erzgebirge; Krusné Hory Mts
Sejkora, J., Škoda, R., Škácha, P., Bureš, B. & Dvořák, Z. (2009): Nové mineralogické nálezy na Sn-W ložisku Cínovec v Krušných horách (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze 17 (2), 23-30 (in Czech with English abstract).
Hungary
 
  • Győr-Moson-Sopron Co.
    • Soproni Mts
      • Sopron
Szakáll:100 Hungarian Mineral Locality, 2004
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Piateda
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Vizze Valley (Pfitsch Valley)
        • San Giacomo
          • Vizze pass (Pfitsch pass)
Folie, K., P. Gentile, M. Hanke & I. Rocchetti (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 42-67.
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Pietrasanta
          • Valdicastello Carducci
Senesi F., 2000. Koninckite e altri fosfati della miniera del Pollone (Valdicastello Carducci, Lucca). Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 46-48.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Nagano Prefecture
        • Chino City
Nakamura, H., et al (2009) Suisyou, 21, 5-6.
        • Minami-Saku-gun
          • Sakuho
Alfredo Petrov specimens, from Yamamoto collection.
    • Chugoku Region
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Abu town
Matsubara and Kato (1998) Memoirs of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 30, 167-183.
Kenya
 
  • Coast Province
Liferovich, R.P., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Lyalina, M.F. (1998) A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor Massif, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 971-980.
Mozambique
 
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Spitzkopje Area
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 839; Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ;
Peru
 
  • Cajamarca Department
    • Cajamarca Province
      • Cajamarca
Dill, H.G., Bosse, H.-R., Henning, K.-H., Fricke, A., and Ahrendt, H. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 149-163.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Jelenia Góra District
      • Kowary area
Bartłomiej Kajdas
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Bodaibo
          • Lena Gold District
            • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
Keren Tan (1998): Gold Science and Technology 6(4), 29-37
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Polar Yakutia
S.M. Kravchenko data; Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
        • Dzhida Basin
American Mineralogist (2001) 86:200
  • Northern Region
    • Komi Republic
      • Prepolar Ural
        • Kozhim River Basin
          • Maldynyrd range (Maldy-nyrd range)
            • Grubependity Lake
Pavel M. Kartashov data
http://geo.web.ru/conf/alkaline/2008/Repina.htm
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
Sweden
 
  • Skåne
    • Bromölla
      • Näsum
Sandstöm, F. (2007): Västanåfeltets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen 24 (2): 14-38
  • Västergötland
    • Tidaholm
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Turtmann Valley
Roth, Ph. (2007): Minerals first discovered in Switzerland and minerals named after Swiss individuals. Philippe Roth, Ed., Zurich, 239 pp.
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Pulaski Co.
      • Little Rock
  • Colorado
    • Lake Co.
      • St. Kevin - Independence
        • Turquoise Lake
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Park Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Nashua Min. Soc. Disp. Cat., 1995
  • Wisconsin
    • Marathon Co.
      • Wausau Intrusive Complex
        • Nine Mile pluton
Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:233
Mineral and/or Locality  
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