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Florencite-(Ce)

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Formula:
CeAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Hardness:5 - 6
Member of:Plumbogummite Group > Alunite Supergroup
Name:After Dr. W. Florence, who made a preliminary chemical examination of the mineral, and the "-(Ce)" suffix in allusion to cerium being the dominant REE in the composition.
This page provides mineralogical data about Florencite-(Ce).

Classification of Florencite-(Ce)

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/B.36-110
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.BL.13

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
L : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 3:1
Dana 8th edition ID:41.5.10.2

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq
Hey's CIM Ref.:19.9.10

19 : Phosphates
9 : Phosphates of rare earths and Sc
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Type Occurrence of Florencite-(Ce)

Type Locality:Mata dos Crioulos (Matta dos Creoulos), Santo Antônio do Itambé, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Physical Properties of Florencite-(Ce)

Hardness (Mohs):5 - 6

Optical Data of Florencite-(Ce)

Type:Uniaxial (+)
RI values: nω = 1.747 nε = 1.776
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.029

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High

Chemical Properties of Florencite-(Ce)

Formula:
CeAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Simplified for copy/paste:CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
Essential elements:Al, Ce, H, O, P
All elements listed in formula:Al, Ce, H, O, P

Relationship of Florencite-(Ce) to other Species

Member of:Plumbogummite Group > Alunite Supergroup
Other Members of Group:

- +
Benauite
SrFe
3+
3
(HPO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Crandallite
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
Eylettersite
(Th,Pb)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
,SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Florencite-(La)
LaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Florencite-(Nd)
(Nd,La,Ce)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Florencite-(Sm)
(Sm,Nd)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Galloplumbogummite
Pb(Ga,Al,Ge)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
Gorceixite
BaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
Goyazite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
Kintoreite
PbFe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(PO
 
3
OH)(OH)
 
6
Kintoreite-2c
PbFe
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6
Plumbogummite
PbAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
Springcreekite
BaV
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6
Waylandite
BiAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Zaïrite
Bi(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.BL.05Beudantite
PbFe
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Corkite
PbFe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Hidalgoite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Hinsdalite
PbAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Kemmlitzite
(Sr,Ce)Al
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Svanbergite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Woodhouseite
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Gallobeudantite
PbGa
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.10Arsenogoyazite
SrAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Arsenogorceixite
BaAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Arsenocrandallite
CaAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Benauite
SrFe
3+
3
(HPO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.10Crandallite
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Dussertite
BaFe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
8.BL.10Eylettersite
(Th,Pb)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
,SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.10Gorceixite
BaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Goyazite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Kintoreite
PbFe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(PO
 
3
OH)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.10Philipsbornite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Plumbogummite
PbAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Segnitite
PbFe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6
8.BL.10Springcreekite
BaV
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(La)
(La,Ce,Nd)(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Nd)
NdAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Ce)
CeAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Florencite-(La)
LaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Nd)
(Nd,La,Ce)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Waylandite
BiAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Zaïrite
Bi(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Arsenowaylandite
BiAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Graulichite-(Ce)
CeFe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Sm)
(Sm,Nd)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.15Viitaniemiite
Na(Ca,Mn
2+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(F,OH)
 
3
8.BL.25Pattersonite
PbFe
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
19.9.1Xenotime-(Y)
Y(PO
 
4
)
19.9.2Churchite-(Y)
Y(PO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
19.9.3Monazite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Nd,Th)(PO
 
4
)
19.9.4Monazite-(La)
(La,Ce,Nd)(PO
 
4
)
19.9.5Monazite-(Nd)
(Nd,La,Ce)(PO
 
4
)
19.9.6Rhabdophane-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(PO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
19.9.7Rhabdophane-(La)
(La,Ce)(PO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
19.9.8Rhabdophane-(Nd)
(Nd,Ce,La)(PO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
19.9.9Vitusite-(Ce)
Na
 
3
(Ce,La,Nd)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
19.9.11Florencite-(La)
LaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
19.9.12Florencite-(Nd)
(Nd,La,Ce)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
19.9.13Kolbeckite
ScPO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O

Other Names for Florencite-(Ce)

Synonyms:
Stiepelmannite
Other Languages:
Russian:Флоренсит-(Ce)
Simplified Chinese:磷铝铈矿

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Florencite-(Ce)

Reference List:

- +
Hussak and Prior (1900) Mineralogical Magazine: 12: 244.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 76.

Ramdohr and Thilo (1940) Zentralblatt Mineralien: 1 (as Stiepelmannite).

Ygberg (1945) Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi, Stockholm: 20: 13.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 838-839.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1990): 227-231.

Internet Links for Florencite-(Ce)

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Florencite-(Ce) details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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    Localities for Florencite-(Ce)

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Catamarca
      • Belen Department
        • El Portezuelo Granite
    Edwardo Jawerbaum, prominant Argentinian collector.; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:234-235
        • Papachacra
          • El Portezuelo Granite
            • Cerro León Muerto
    Minerals acquired from Nelson Valenzuela
    Australia
     
    • Queensland
      • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
        • Mount Isa district
    American Mineralogist (1987) 72:429-432
    • South Australia
      • Stuart Shelf
        • Roxby Downs
    Lottermoser B. G. (1995). Neues.Jb. Miner. Mh.1995, 8, 371-384; Econ Geol. (1992) 87:1-28; Roberts, D.E., Hudson, G.R.T., and Li, Z. (1984): Geology and Prospecting 20(7), 32-37, 51
    • Tasmania
      • Queenstown district
    No reference listed
    Bottrill RS & Baker, WE (in prep) Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania. Mineral Resources Tasmania
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Millstatt lake ridge
        • Spittal
          • Lieser ravine
    G.Blaß (2000)
    • Salzburg
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Felben valley
          • Amerbach valley
    Bernhard, F. & Postl, W. (2004)
    • Styria
      • Fischbacher Alpen
        • Krieglach
          • Freßnitzgraben
            • Alpl
    F. Bernhard, F. Walter, K. Ettinger, J. Taucher, K. Mereiter: Amer. Mineral. 83:625-630 (1998)
    SEM-EDS on polished section, 15.1.2005, Franz Bernhard
        • Langenwang
          • Pretulgraben
        • Rettenegg
    Leikauf, B. & Jakely, D. (2007): Ein Goldfund vom Blasenkogel bei Rettenegg in der Oststeiermark. Der Steirische Mineralog 16, Nr. 21, 10-14.
    • Vorarlberg
      • Montafon
        • Vandans
    Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1855) Ankerit, Aragonit, Cobaltit, Dolomit, Elektrum, Florencit-(Ce), Gersdorffit, Jarosit, Magnesit, Malachit, Monazit-(Ce), Monazit-(La), Tellurobismuthit(?) und weitere Mineralien aus dem unteren Rellstal, Montafon, Vorarlberg. Pp. 91-92 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
    Belgium
     
    • Liège Province
      • Sankt-Vith
    • Luxembourg Province
      • Stavelot Massif
        • Vielsalm
          • Cahai (Cahay)
    Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    Bolivia
     
    • Potosí Department
      • Rafael Bustillo Province (Bustillos Province)
        • Llallagua
    Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
    Brazil
     
    • Bahia
      • Brumado (Bom Jesus dos Meiras)
        • Serra das Éguas
    P Bongaerts collection
    • Minas Gerais
      • Iron Quadrangle
        • Ouro Preto
          • Main district
    Hussak and Prior (1900) Mineralogical Magazine: 12: 244.
      • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
        • Poços de Caldas
    Waber (1991)
      • Santo Antônio do Itambé
    Hussak and Prior (1900) Mineralogical Magazine: 12: 244.
    China
     
    • Guizhou Province
      • Bijie Prefecture
        • Hezhang Co.
    Ruidong Yang, Wei Wang, Miao Bao, Qiang Wang, and Huairui Wei (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(suppl.), 205-208
        • Weining Co.
    Zhongxin Yuan, Jiankang Li, and Lijuan Ying (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(5), 581-582
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Beroun (Beraun)
    Horáková, M., Novák, F.: Výskyt nerostů alunit-crandallitové skupiny v liteňském souvrství Barrandienu. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1989, roč. 34, č. 2, s. 151-163.
      • Liberec Region
    Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
      • Plzeň Region
        • Planá u Mariánských Lázní (Plan)
    Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
      • Ústí Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Krupka (Graupen)
            • Knöttel area (Knötel; Knödel; Knödlberg)
    Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
    Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Moravia-Silesia Region
        • Bílovec
    Kučera, J. Kučerová - Charvátová, K., Škoda, R.: Nové výskyty minerálů na hydrotermálních žilách Nízkého Jeseníku. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2007, roč. 14-15, s. 69-72.
    Finland
     
    • Eastern Finland Region
      • Joensuu
        • Eno
    Knorring, O. v., Brinley, G. W. & Hunter, K. 1952. Nacrite from Hirvivaara, northern -Karelia, Finland. Mineralogical Magazine 29, 218, 963-972
    Gabon
     
    • Haut-Ogooué Province
      • Franceville
    Janusz Janeczek (1999) Mineralogy and geochemistry of natural fission reactors in Gabon. Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry, MSA, v. 38, p. 321-392
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Hesse
      • Taunus
        • Idstein
          • Lenzhahn
    A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Taunus
        • Niederneisen
          • Hahnstätten
            • Lohrheim
    H. G. Dill, A. Fricke and K.-H. Henning (1995): The origin of Ba- and REE-bearing aluminium-phosphate-sulphate minerals from the Lohrheim kaolinitic clay deposit (Rheinisches Schiefergebirge, Germany). Applied Clay Science, 10, 231-245.
    • Saxony
      • Vogtland
        • Klingenthal
          • Muldenberg
    BLAß, G. & GRAF, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von bekannten Fundstellen (13). - Mineralien-Welt 6 (3), 47-51.
    Germany & Czech Republic
     
    • Saxony & Ústí Region (Bohemia; Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Erzgebirge; Krusné Hory Mts
    Sejkora, J., Škoda, R., Škácha, P., Bureš, B. & Dvořák, Z. (2009): Nové mineralogické nálezy na Sn-W ložisku Cínovec v Krušných horách (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze 17 (2), 23-30 (in Czech with English abstract).
    Hungary
     
    • Győr-Moson-Sopron Co.
      • Soproni Mtns
        • Sopron
    Szakáll:100 Hungarian Mineral Locality, 2004
    Italy
     
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
        • Vizze Valley (Pfitsch Valley)
          • San Giacomo
            • Vizze pass (Pfitsch pass)
    Folie, K., P. Gentile, M. Hanke & I. Rocchetti (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 42-67.
    • Tuscany
      • Lucca Province
        • Apuan Alps
          • Pietrasanta
            • Valdicastello Carducci
    Senesi F., 2000. Koninckite e altri fosfati della miniera del Pollone (Valdicastello Carducci, Lucca). Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 46-48.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Nagano Prefecture
          • Chino City
    Nakamura, H., et al (2009) Suisyou, 21, 5-6.
          • Minami-Saku-gun
            • Sakuho
    Alfredo Petrov specimens, from Yamamoto collection.
      • Chugoku Region
        • Yamaguchi Prefecture
    Matsubara and Kato (1998) Memoirs of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 30, 167-183.
    Kenya
     
    • Coast Province
    Liferovich, R.P., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Lyalina, M.F. (1998) A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor Massif, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 971-980.
    Mozambique
     
    • Zambezia Province
      • Alto Ligonha District
    Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
      • Karibib District
        • Spitzkopje Area
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 839; Cairncross, B. (2005) Famous Mineral Localities: Klein Spitzkoppe, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 36(4) 317-335
    Medenbach, O. (2001): Paul Ramdohr und die Stiepelmannsche Beryll-Fundstelle. – In: Namibia, Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle, Haltern (Bode Verlag), 222pp., (p. 56-71) ;
    Peru
     
    • Cajamarca Department
      • Cajamarca Province
        • Cajamarca
    Dill, H.G., Bosse, H.-R., Henning, K.-H., Fricke, A., and Ahrendt, H. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 149-163.
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Jelenia Góra District
        • Kowary area
    Bartłomiej Kajdas
    Romania
     
    • Harghita Co.
    Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Bodaibo
            • Lena Gold District
              • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
    Keren Tan (1998): Gold Science and Technology 6(4), 29-37
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Polar Yakutia
    S.M. Kravchenko data; Econ Geol (1995) 90:658-675
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
          • Dzhida Basin
    American Mineralogist (2001) 86:200
    • Northern Region
      • Komi Republic
        • Prepolar Ural
          • Kozhim River Basin
            • Maldynyrd (Maldy-nyrd) range
              • Grubependity Lake
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    http://geo.web.ru/conf/alkaline/2008/Repina.htm
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
    Slovakia
     
    • Košice Region
      • Rožňava Co.
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    Sweden
     
    • Skåne
      • Bromölla
        • Näsum
    Sandstöm, F. (2007): Västanåfeltets geologi och mineralogi. Litiofilen 24 (2): 14-38
    • Västergötland
      • Tidaholm
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Turtmann Valley
    Roth, Ph. (2007): Minerals first discovered in Switzerland and minerals named after Swiss individuals. Philippe Roth, Ed., Zurich, 239 pp.
    USA
     
    • Arkansas
      • Pulaski Co.
        • Little Rock
    • Colorado
      • Lake Co.
        • St. Kevin - Independence
          • Turquoise Lake
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Park Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • New Hampshire
      • Grafton Co.
        • Groton
    Nashua Min. Soc. Disp. Cat., 1995
    • Wisconsin
      • Marathon Co.
    Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:233
    Mineral and/or Locality  
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