Mindat Logo

Fluorapatite

This page kindly sponsored by Donald A Dallaire



Formula:
Ca
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
System:HexagonalColour:Colorles to white when ...
Lustre:Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, GreasyHardness:5
Member of:Apatite Group > Apatite Supergroup
Name:Renamed in 1860 from the original apatite of Abraham Werner by Carl F. Rammelsberg to emphasize the chemical composition. Apatite is from the Greek απατείν ("apatein"), "to deceive" or "to be misleading", as apatite was often confused with other minerals (e.g. beryl, milarite). Rammelsberg added the "Fluor-" prefix in allusion to the dominance of fluorine in the composition. See Weiss (2012) and Meier (2013) for the nomenclature history of apatite.


Apatite Group.
The fluorine analogue of chlorapatite and hydroxylapatite, phosphate analogue of svabite. The Ca5 analogue of belovite-(Ce), belovite-(La), and kuannersuite-(Ce).

Fluorapatite is by far the most common species in the apatite group. It occurs in almost all igneous rocks, during initial phases of paragenesis, as an accessory mineral, commonly in microscopic crystals, and may occur as very large bodies as late-magmatic segregations in alkaline igneous rocks. Also occurs crystallized in pegmatitic facies of acidic and basic types of igneous rocks. Common in magnetite deposits, and in hydrothermal veins, particularly those formed at high temperatures, and in Alpine cleft-type veins.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Fluorapatite. Currently in public beta-test.

Classification of Fluorapatite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/B.39-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.BN.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
N : With only large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 0.33:1
Dana 8th edition ID:41.8.1.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
8 : A5(XO4)3Zq
Hey's CIM Ref.:22.1.9

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
1 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with fluoride
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-1572.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Fluorapatite

Type Locality:Sauberg Mine, Ehrenfriedersdorf, Erzgebirge, Saxony, Germany
Year of Discovery:1823

Occurrences of Fluorapatite

Geological Setting:Most common rock forming phosphate. Accessory mineral in most igneous rocks with important concentrations in carbonatites. Common in marbles and skarns. Major mineral in sedimentary phosphorites.

Physical Properties of Fluorapatite

Lustre:Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Opaque
Colour:Colorles to white when pure, also green, blue, pink, yellow, brown, violet, purple.
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):5
Hardness Data:Mohs hardness reference species
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Poor/Indistinct
Indistinct (0001) and (1010)
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density (measured):3.1 - 3.25 g/cm3
Density (calculated):3.18 g/cm3

Crystallography of Fluorapatite

Crystal System:Hexagonal
Class (H-M):6/m - Dipyramidal
Space Group:P63/m
Space Group Setting:P63/m
Cell Parameters:a = 9.3973Å, c = 6.8782Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 0.732
Unit Cell Volume:V 526.03 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Morphology:Crystals short to long hexagonal prisms [0001], with {1010} and {1011} dominant; also thick tabular {0001}, frequently in the crystals of hydrothermal origin in pegmatites and veins, with {1010}, relatively large {0001}, and often also {1011} or low pyramids. Massive, coarse granular to compact.
Twinning:Rare contact twins on {1121}. Twin plane {1013} rare. Also twinning reported on {1010} and {1123}.
Comment:May be space group P21/b

Epitaxial Relationships of Fluorapatite

Epitaxial Minerals:
Rutile
TiO
 
2
Monazite
Carbonate-rich Apatite
Epitaxi Comments:Needle-like rutile crystals included in the apatite with the c-axes of the two species parallel; Monazite in oriented inclusions; Carbonate-fluorapatite enclosing Fluorapatite
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
3.442 (40)
2.800 (100)
2.772 (55)
2.702 (60)
2.624 (30)
1.937 (25)
1.837 (30)
Comments:Synthetic

Optical Data of Fluorapatite

Type:Uniaxial (-)
RI values: nω = 1.631 - 1.650 nε = 1.627 - 1.646
Birefringence:0.004
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.004

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Pleochroism:Visible
Comments:Weak to strong in coloured crystals:
Colour: .Violet .........Pale Green .............Yellow ..............Blue
O = ..Deep violet .....Pale yellow ..Yellow-brown ......Sky-blue
E = ..Red-violet .Pale blue-green ..Dark green ...Green-blue
Comments:Refractive index increases with diminished Fluorine.

Chemical Properties of Fluorapatite

Formula:
Ca
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
Simplified for copy/paste:Ca5(PO4)3F
Essential elements:Ca, F, O, P
All elements listed in formula:Ca, F, O, P
Common Impurities:OH,Cl,TR,La,Ce,Pr,Nd,Sm,Eu,Gd,Dy,Y,Er,Mn

Relationship of Fluorapatite to other Species

Member of:Apatite Group > Apatite Supergroup
Other Members of Group:

- +
Alforsite
Ba
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
Bellite
Pb
 
5
(AsO
 
4
,CrO
 
4
, SiO
 
2
)
 
3
Cl
Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Ca
 
5
(PO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
 
3
(F,O)
Chlorapatite
Ca
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
Hydroxylapatite
Ca
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
Hydroxylapatite-M
Ca
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
OH
Hydroxylpyromorphite
Pb
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
Johnbaumite
Ca
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
OH
Johnbaumite-M
Ca
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
OH
Mimetite
Pb
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
Mimetite-2M
Mimetite-M
Pb
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
Miyahisaite
(Sr,Ca)
 
2
Ba
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
Oxypyromorphite
Pb
 
10
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
O
Pieczkaite
Mn
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
Pyromorphite
Pb
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
Stronadelphite
Sr
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
Svabite
Ca
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
F
Turneaureite
Ca
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
Unnamed (F-analogue of Pyromorphite)
Pb
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
Unnamed (OH-analogue of Mimetite)
Pb
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
Vanadinite
Pb
 
5
(VO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
Common Associates:
ZirconVesuvianiteTitaniteSpinelPyroxene Group
PhlogopiteMagnetiteCalciteAmphibole SupergroupAlbite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.BN.05Alforsite
Ba
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
8.BN.05Belovite-(Ce)
NaCeSr
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
8.BN.05Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Ca
 
5
(PO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
 
3
(F,O)
8.BN.05Carbonate-rich Hydroxylapatite
Ca
 
5
(PO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH,O)
8.BN.05Chlorapatite
Ca
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
8.BN.05Mimetite-M
Pb
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
8.BN.05Johnbaumite-M
Ca
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
OH
8.BN.05Hedyphane
Pb
 
3
Ca
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
8.BN.05Hydroxylapatite
Ca
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
8.BN.05Johnbaumite
Ca
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
OH
8.BN.05Mimetite
Pb
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
8.BN.05Morelandite
Ca
 
2
Ba
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
8.BN.05Pyromorphite
Pb
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
8.BN.05Fluorstrophite
SrCaSr
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
8.BN.05Svabite
Ca
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
F
8.BN.05Turneaureite
Ca
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
8.BN.05Vanadinite
Pb
 
5
(VO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
8.BN.05Belovite-(La)
NaLaSr
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
8.BN.05Deloneite
(Na
 
0.5
REE
 
0.25
Ca
 
0.25
)(Ca
 
0.75
REE
 
0.25
)Sr
 
1.5
(CaNa
 
0.25
REE
 
0.25
)(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
 
0.5
(OH)
 
0.5
8.BN.05Fluorcaphite
SrCaCa
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
8.BN.05Kuannersuite-(Ce)
NaCeBa
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
 
0.5
Cl
 
0.5
8.BN.05Hydroxylapatite-M
Ca
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
OH
8.BN.05Phosphohedyphane
Ca
 
2
Pb
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
8.BN.05Stronadelphite
Sr
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
8.BN.05Fluorphosphohedyphane
Ca
 
2
Pb
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
8.BN.05Carlgieseckeite-(Nd)
NaNdCa
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
8.BN.05Miyahisaite
(Sr,Ca)
 
2
Ba
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
8.BN.10Arctite
Na
 
2
Ca
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
22.1.1Amblygonite
LiAl(PO
 
4
)F
22.1.2Lacroixite
NaAl(PO
 
4
)F
22.1.3Natrophosphate
Na
 
7
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
F · 19H
 
2
O
22.1.5Nacaphite
Na
 
2
Ca(PO
 
4
)F
22.1.6Arctite
Na
 
2
Ca
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
22.1.7Nefedovite
Na
 
5
Ca
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
F
22.1.10Herderite
CaBePO
 
4
(F,OH)
22.1.11Isokite
CaMg(PO
 
4
)F
22.1.12Panasqueiraite
CaMg(PO
 
4
)(OH,F)
22.1.13Babefphite
BaBePO
 
4
(F,OH)
22.1.14Fluellite
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)F
 
2
(OH) · 7H
 
2
O
22.1.15Minyulite
KAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,F) · 4H
 
2
O
22.1.16Morinite
NaCa
 
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)F
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
22.1.17Bøggildite
Na
 
2
Sr
 
2
Al
 
2
PO
 
4
F
 
9
22.1.18Fluorstrophite
SrCaSr
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
22.1.19Viitaniemiite
Na(Ca,Mn
2+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(F,OH)
 
3
22.1.20Väyrynenite
Mn
2+
 
Be(PO
 
4
)(OH,F)
22.1.21Maxwellite
NaFe
3+
 
(AsO
 
4
)F
22.1.22Wagnerite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)F
22.1.23Triplite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(F,OH)
22.1.24Magniotriplite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
PO
 
4
F
22.1.25Zwieselite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)F
22.1.26Mcauslanite
Fe
 
3
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(PO
 
3
OH)F · 18H
 
2
O
22.1.27Richellite
CaFe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
2
22.1.28Svabite
Ca
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
F
22.1.29Tilasite
CaMg(AsO
 
4
)F
22.1.30Johnbaumite-M
Ca
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
OH
22.1.31Durangite
NaAl(AsO
 
4
)F

Other Names for Fluorapatite

Synonyms:
Apatite-(CaF)Chlor-fluorapatiteChrysolite d'EspagneCrisolito de EspañaFluor-apatite
Hydroxyl-fluorapatiteMangualditeNauruiteOxyapatiteVoelckerite
Other Languages:
German:Fluorapatit
Agustit
Russian:Фторапатит
Апатит-(CaF)
Simplified Chinese:氟磷灰石
Spanish:Fluorapatita
Varieties:
Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCuproapatiteHolmbushiteMn-bearing FluorapatiteSaamite (of Volkova & Melentiev)
Soda-DehrniteStrontian ApatiteSulphatapatit

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Often fluorescent bright yellow or blue white and phosphorescent, especially the manganoan varieties.
Electrical:Non-piezoelectric
Thermal Behaviour:Strongly thermoluminescent at times.
Other Information:Soluble in HCl or in HNO3. Varieties containing CO3 may dissolve with slight effervescence.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:Source of phosphorus.

References for Fluorapatite

Reference List:

- +
Koksharov, N. von (1854) Materialien zur Mineralogie Russlands. 11 volumes with atlas: vol. 2: 39.

Rammelsberg, C.F. (1860) Handbuch der Mineralchemie. First edition, Leipzig: 353 (as Fluorapatit).

Koksharov, N. von (1866) Materialien zur Mineralogie Russlands. 11 volumes with atlas: vol. 5: 5: 86.

Baumhauer (1887) Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin (Sitzungsberichte der): 42: 863.

Hidden and Washington (1887) American Journal of Science: 33: 501.

Karnojitsky (1895) Vh. Min. Ges. St. Petersburg: 33: 65.

Washington (1895) Journal of Geology, Chicago: 3: 25.

Baumhauer (1899) Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin (Sitzungsberichte der): 45: 447.

Heddle, M.F. (1901) The Mineralogy of Scotland. 2 volumes, Edinburgh: 2: 158.

Wolff and Palache (1902) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 36: 438.

Baumhauer (1908) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 45: 555.

Pöschl (1909) Härte der fest. Körper: 55.

Lacroix, A. (1910) Minéralogie de la France et des ses colonies, Paris. 5 volumes: vol. 4: 387.

Dürrfeld (1912) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 50: 590.

Nacken (1912) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 547.

Eissner (1913) Inaugural Dissertation, Leipzig.

Elschner (1913) Corallogene Phosphat-Insel Austral Oceanien, Lubeck (as Nauruite).

Goldschmidt, V. (1913) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 1: 73.

Elschner (1914) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 543 (as Nauruite).

Grosspietsch (1915) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 54: 461.

Brauns (1916) Jb. Min., Beil.-Bd.: 41: 60 (as Sulfatapatit).

Holmquist (1916) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 38: 501.

Bellucci and Grassi (1919) Gazzetta chimica italiana, Rome: 49: 232.

Bianchi (1919) Atti soc. ital. sc. Nat.: 58: 306.

Lorenz (1921) Ber. Ak. Leipzig, Sitzber., math.-phys.: 73: 249, 267.

Mieleitner (1921) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 56: 90.

Hawkins (1922) American Mineralogist: 7: 27.

Zambonini (1923) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 58: 226.

Bornemann-Starinkevitch (1924) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S., n.s.: 39.

Fersman (1924) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S., n.s.: 42.

Barthoux (1925) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 48: 225.

Niggli and Faesy (1925) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 62: 154-166.

Whitlock (1925) American Museum Nov., No. 190.

Parker (1926) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 64: 224.

Honess, A.P. (1927) The Nature, Origin and Interpretation of the Etch Figures on Crystals. 171pp., New York: 98.

Ichikawa (1927) American Journal of Science: 14: 231.

Hausen (1929) Acta Ac. Aboensis, Math. Physica: Kl. 5, no. 3.

Himmelbauer (1929) Konigliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, Sitzber.: 138: 251.

Kalb (1930) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 74: 469.

Mehmel (1930) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 75: 323.

Náray-Szabó (1930) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 75: 387.

Gennaro (1931) Reale accademia delle scienze di Torino, Att.: 66: 433.

Mehmel (1931) Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie, Leipzig, Berlin: 15: 223.

Hendricks, Jefferson, and Mosley (1932) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 81: 352.

de Jesus (1933) Com. Serv. Geol. Portugal: 19: 142 (as Mangualdite).

Granigg (1933) Zeitschrift für praktische Geologie, Berlin, hale a.S. 41: 1.

Antonov (1934) State Chem. Tech. Publ., Leningrad: 7, 196 pp.

Köhler and Haberlandt (1934) Chemie der Erde, Jena: 9: 88 (luminescence).

Dadson (1935) University of Toronto Stud., Geology Series, no. 35: 51.

Iwase (1935) Sci. Pap. Inst. Phys. Chem. Res., Tokyo: 27, no. 567: 1.

Otto (1935) Mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Vienna: 47: 89.

Royer (1936) Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 202: 1346.

Gruner and McConnell (1937) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 97: 208.

McConnell (1937) American Mineralogist: 22: 977.

Hoffmann (1938) Chemie der Erde, Jena: 11: 552 (colour).

Kind (1938) Chemie der Erde, Jena: 12: 50.

McConnell (1938) American Mineralogist: 23: 1.

Volkova and Melentiev (1939) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S., n.s.: 25: 120 (REE substitution).

Bale (1940) American Journal of Roentg. Rad. Therapy: 43: 735.

McConnell and Gruner (1940) American Mineralogist: 25: 157.

Ulrich (1940) Mineralogical Abstracts: 7: 529.

Baker (1941) American Mineralogist: 26: 382.

Sahama (1941) Bull. Comm.. géol. Finlande: no. 126: 50.

Dihn and Klement (1942) Zeitschrift für Elektrochemie und angewandte physikalische Chemie, Halle a.S.: 48: 331.

Hendricks and Hill (1942) Science: 96: 255.

Beevers and McIntyre (1945) Mineralogical Magazine: 27: 254.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 879-889.

Kohn, M. Hughes, J.M. and Rakovan, J. Eds. (2002) Phosphates: Geochemical, Geobiological and Materials Importance, Kohn, M., Rakovan, J., Hughes, J.M. (eds). Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry. Mineralogical Society of America. Washington, DC. 742 p.

Segall, B., Ludwig, G.W., Woodbury, H.H., and Johnson, P.D. (1962) Electron spin resonance of a centre in calcium fluorophosphate Phys. Rev.: 128: 76-79.

Piper, W.W., Kravitz, L.C., and Swank, R.K. (1965) Axially symmetric paramagnetic color centres in fluorapatite. Phys. Rev.: 138: A1802-A1814.

Prener, J.S. (1967) The growth and crystallographic properties of calcium fluor- and chlorapatite. Journal of the Electrochem. Society: 114: 77-83.

Young, E.J., Mayers, A.T., Munson, E.L., and Cankln, N.M. (1969) Mineralogy and geochemistry of fluorapatite from Cerro de Mercado, Mexico. U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 650-D: 84-93.

Warren, R.W. (1972) Defect centres in calcium fluorophosphate. Phys. Rev.: B 6: 4679-4689.

American Mineralogist (1990): 75: 295-304.

Elliott, J. C. (1994): Structure and chemistry of the apatites and other calcium orthophosphates. Elservier, Amsterdam, 389 pp.

Fleet, M.E. and Pan, Y. (1994b) Site preference of Nd in fluorapatite [Ca10(PO4)6F2]. Journal of Solid State Chemistry: 111: 78-81.

Fleet, M.E. and Pan, Y. (1995) Site preference of rare earth elements in fluorapatite. American Mineralogist: 80: 329-335.

Fleet, M.E. and Pan, Y. (1997a) Site preference of rare earth elements in fluorapatite: binary (LREE+HREE)-substituted crystals. American Mineralogist: 82: 870-877.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 189.

Haohao Yi, Etienne Balan, Christel Gervais, Loïc Segalen, Franck Fayon, Damien Roche, Alain Person, Guillaume Morin, Maxime Guillaumet, Marc Blanchard, Michele Lazzeri, and Florence Babonneau (2013): A carbonate-fluoride defect model for carbonate-rich fluorapatite. Am. Mineral. 98, 1066-1069.

Rakovan, J., Staebler, G. and Dallaire, D. Editors (2013) Apatite - The Great Pretender. Mineral monographs V. 17. Lithographie, LLC. Denver. 128 p.

Weiss, S. (2012): Der Ehrenfriedersdorfer Sauberg – Typlokalität für Apatit. – Lapis, Jg. 37, H. 7-8, S. 42-43, München 2012. (In German)

Meier, S. (2013) Type Locality-Ehrenfriedersdorf. In Rakovan, J., Staebler, G. and Dallaire, D. Editors Apatite - The Great Pretender. Mineral monographs V. 17. Lithographie, LLC. Denver. p.18-20. (In English)

Internet Links for Fluorapatite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Fluorapatite on Google
  • Look for Fluorapatite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Fluorapatite on Webmineral
  • Look for Fluorapatite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Fluorapatite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Fluorapatite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Fluorapatite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Buy fine minerals and gemstones from Pala International
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
  • Buy rare minerals from Excalibur Minerals
  • Search for Fluorapatite on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Buy from McDougall Minerals
  • Buy RARE Minerals from Rocks of Africa
  • Fine and rare minerals from mintreasure.com
  • Find Fluorapatite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Fluorapatite specimens
  • Specimens:The following Fluorapatite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Fluorapatite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    Mineral and/or Locality  
    Search Google  
    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
    Current server date and time: September 18, 2014 00:38:51
    Mineral and Locality Search
    Mineral:
    and/or Locality:
    Options
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds