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Fluorapophyllite-(K)

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Formula:
KCa
 
4
(Si
 
8
O
 
20
)(F,OH) · 8H
 
2
O
System:TetragonalColour:Colourless, pale green, ...
Hardness:4½ - 5
Name:Apophyllite was named in 1806 by Rene Just Haüy from the Greek for "away from" (ἀπό, apo) and "leaf" (φύλλον, phyllos), in allusion to the way it exfoliates upon heating. Chemical variants were recognized by Pete J. Dunn, Roland C. Rouse, and Julie A. Norberg in 1978.


Apophyllite-(KF)-Apophyllite-(KOH) Series.

The name was revised from apophyllite-(KF) to fluorapophyllite-(K) (Hatert et al. 2013)

Classification of Fluorapophyllite-(K)

IMA status:Approved 1976
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/H.01-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.EA.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
A : Single nets of tetrahedra with 4-, 5-, (6-), and 8-membered rings
Dana 8th edition ID:72.3.1.1

72 : PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
3 : Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Hey's CIM Ref.:17.1.5

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
1 : Silicates with fluoride (not containing Al)
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Occurrences of Fluorapophyllite-(K)

Geological Setting:Secondary mineral in cavities in basalts, cavities in granite, in tactites, some hydrothermal veins.

Physical Properties of Fluorapophyllite-(K)

Lustre:Vitreous, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Comment:Pearly on cleavage {001}
Colour:Colourless, pale green, aquamarine, white, pink, yellow
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):4½ - 5
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Perfect
Perfect on {001}
Imperfect on {110}
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):2.33 - 2.37 g/cm3
Density (calculated):2.37 g/cm3

Crystallography of Fluorapophyllite-(K)

Crystal System:Tetragonal
Class (H-M):4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:P4/mnc
Cell Parameters:a = 8.963(2) Å, c = 15.804(2) Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 1.763
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,269.62 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Morphology:Tabular to prismatic
Twinning:Rare on {111}
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Fluorapophyllite-(K)

Type:Uniaxial (+)
RI values: nω = 1.530 - 1.536 nε = 1.532 - 1.538
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.002

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low
Dispersion:High, may be anomalous

Chemical Properties of Fluorapophyllite-(K)

Formula:
KCa
 
4
(Si
 
8
O
 
20
)(F,OH) · 8H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH)·8H2O
Essential elements:Ca, F, H, K, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Ca, F, H, K, O, Si
Common Impurities:Al,Na

Relationship of Fluorapophyllite-(K) to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Hydroxyapophyllite-(K) (see here)
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.EA.05Cuprorivaite
CaCu[Si
 
4
O
 
10
]
9.EA.05Gillespite
BaFe
2+
 
[Si
 
4
O
 
10
]
9.EA.05Effenbergerite
BaCu[Si
 
4
O
 
10
]
9.EA.05Wesselsite
SrCu[Si
 
4
O
 
10
]
9.EA.10Ekanite
(Ca,Fe
2+
 
,Pb)
 
2
(Th,U)[Si
 
8
O
 
20
]
9.EA.15Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
KCa
 
4
(Si
 
8
O
 
20
)(OH,F) · 8H
 
2
O
9.EA.15Fluorapophyllite-(Na)
NaCa
 
4
(Si
 
8
O
 
20
)F · 8H
 
2
O
9.EA.20Magadiite
Na
 
2
Si
 
14
O
 
29
· 11H
 
2
O
9.EA.25Dalyite
K
 
2
ZrSi
 
6
O
 
15
9.EA.25Davanite
K
 
2
TiSi
 
6
O
 
15
9.EA.30Sazhinite-(Ce)
Na
 
3
Ce[Si
 
6
O
 
15
] · 6H
 
2
O
9.EA.30Sazhinite-(La)
Na
 
3
La[Si
 
6
O
 
15
] · 2H
 
2
O
9.EA.35Armstrongite
CaZr[Si
 
6
O
 
15
] · 3H
 
2
O
9.EA.40Okenite
CaSi
 
2
O
 
5
· 2H
 
2
O
9.EA.45Nekoite
Ca
 
3
Si
 
6
O
 
15
·7H
 
2
O
9.EA.50Cavansite
Ca(VO)Si
 
4
O
 
10
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EA.55Pentagonite
Ca(VO)Si
 
4
O
 
10
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EA.60Penkvilksite
Na
 
4
Ti
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
22
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EA.60Tumchaite
Na
 
2
Zr(Si
 
4
O
 
11
) · 2H
 
2
O
9.EA.65Nabesite
Na
 
2
BeSi
 
4
O
 
10
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EA.70Ajoite
(K,Na)Cu
 
7
AlSi
 
9
O
 
24
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
9.EA.75Zeravshanite
Na
 
2
Cs
 
4
Zr
 
3
[Si
 
18
O
 
45
]*2H
 
2
O
9.EA.80Bussyite-(Ce)
(Ce,REE)
 
3
(Na,H
 
2
O)
 
6
MnSi
 
9
Be
 
5
(O,OH)
 
30
F
 
4
9.EA.85Plumbophyllite
Pb
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
10
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
17.1.1Hectorite
Na
 
0.3
(Mg,Li)
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
17.1.3Agrellite
NaCa
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
10
F
17.1.4Fluorapophyllite-(Na)
NaCa
 
4
(Si
 
8
O
 
20
)F · 8H
 
2
O
17.1.6Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
KCa
 
4
(Si
 
8
O
 
20
)(OH,F) · 8H
 
2
O
17.1.7Hsianghualite
Ca
 
3
Li
 
2
(Be
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
)F
 
2
17.1.8Leucophanite
NaCaBeSi
 
2
O
 
6
F
17.1.9Norbergite
Mg
 
3
(SiO
 
4
)(F,OH)
 
2
17.1.10Chondrodite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
5
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(F,OH)
 
2
17.1.11Humite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
7
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(F,OH)
 
2
17.1.12Clinohumite
Mg
 
9
(SiO
 
4
)
 
4
F
 
2
17.1.13Canasite
K
 
2
Na
 
4
Ca
 
5
(Si
 
12
O
 
30
(OH,F)
 
4
17.1.14Charoite
(K,Sr)
 
15-16
(Ca,Na)
 
32
[Si
 
6
O
 
11
(O,OH)
 
6
]
 
2
[Si
 
12
O
 
18
(O,OH)
 
12
]
 
2
[Si
 
17
O
 
25
(O,OH)
 
18
]
 
2
(OH,F)
 
4
· ~3H
 
2
O
17.1.15Cuspidine
Ca
 
4
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(F,OH)
 
2
17.1.16Bultfonteinite
Ca
 
2
(HSiO
 
4
)F · H
 
2
O
17.1.17Zeophyllite
Ca
 
13
(Si
 
10
O
 
28
)F
 
10
· 6H
 
2
O
17.1.18Rowlandite-(Y)
(Y,Ce)
 
4
Fe
2+
 
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
F
 
2
(?)
17.1.19Yuksporite
(K,Ba)NaCa
 
2
(Si,Ti)
 
4
O
 
11
(F,OH) · H
 
2
O
17.1.20Yftisite-(Y)
(Y,Dy,Er)
 
4
(Ti,Sn)(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
O(F,OH)
 
6
17.1.21Mosandrite
(◻,Ca,Na)
 
3
(Ca,REE)
 
4
Ti(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
[H
 
2
O,OH,F]
 
4
· H
 
2
O
17.1.22Hiortdahlite
(Ca,Na)
 
3
(Zr,Ti)(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(O,OH,F)
 
2
17.1.23Burpalite
Na
 
2
CaZr(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)F
 
2
17.1.24Seidozerite
Na
 
8
Mn
2+
2
Zr
 
3
Ti
 
3
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
4
O
 
4
F
 
4
17.1.25Thorosteenstrupine
CaMnThSi
 
4
O
 
11
(OH)F · 6H
 
2
O
17.1.26Zircophyllite
(K,Na)
 
3
(Mn,Fe
2+
 
)
 
7
(Zr,Ti)
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
24
(O,OH,F)
 
7
17.1.27Jinshajiangite
BaNaFe
2+
4
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
O
 
2
(OH)
 
2
F
17.1.28Rosenbuschite
(Ca,Na)
 
3
(Zr,Ti)(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)OF
17.1.29Narsarsukite
Na
 
4
(Ti,Fe)
 
2
[Si
 
8
O
 
20
](O,OH,F)
 
2
17.1.30Sonolite
Mn
2+
9
(SiO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH,F)
 
2

Other Names for Fluorapophyllite-(K)

Synonyms:
Apophyllite-(KF)IMA1976-001
Other Languages:
German:Fluorapophyllit
Russian:Фторапофиллит
Апофиллит-(KF)
Spanish:Fluorapophyllita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Fluorapophyllite-(K)

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist (1971): 56: 1234-1242.

Dunn, P. J., Rouse, R. C. & Norberg, J. A. (1978): Hydroxyapophyllite, a new mineral and a redefinition of the apophyllite group. American Mineralogist 63, 196-202.

Dunn, P. J. & Wilson, W. E. (1978): Nomenclature revision in the apophyllite group: hydroxyapophyllite, apophyllite, fluorapophyllite. Min. Record 9, 95-98.

American Mineralogist (1992): 77: 1119.

HATERT, F., MILLS, S.J., PASERO, M. and WILLIAMS, P.A. (2013) CNMNC guidelines for the use of suffixes and prefixes in
mineral nomenclature, and for the preservation of historical names. European Journal of Mineralogy 25, 113-115.

Internet Links for Fluorapophyllite-(K)

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Fluorapophyllite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Specimens:The following Fluorapophyllite-(K) specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Fluorapophyllite-(K)

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