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Gaspéite

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Formula:
(Ni,Mg,Fe)CO
 
3
System:HexagonalColour:Light green
Hardness:4½ - 5
Member of:Calcite Group
Name:After the type locality: Gaspé Peninsula, Lemieux Township, Gaspé-Ouest Co., Québec, Canada


Calcite Group.
Gaspéite-Magnesite Series.

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Classification of Gaspéite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:5/B.02-80
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:5.AB.05

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
A : Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O
B : Alkali-earth (and other M2+) carbonates
Dana 8th edition ID:14.1.1.8

14 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
1 : A(XO3)
Hey's CIM Ref.:11.14.9

11 : Carbonates
14 : Carbonates of Co and Ni
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Type Occurrence of Gaspéite

Type Locality:New Jersey Zinc Exploration Co. trench, Mont-Albert, La Haute-Gaspésie RCM, Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine, Québec, Canada
General Appearance of Type Material:Light green rhombohedral crystals
Associated Minerals at type locality:
SpinelSerpentine GroupMagnesiteDolomiteAnnabergite

Physical Properties of Gaspéite

Lustre:Vitreous, Dull
Colour:Light green
Streak:Green, yellow
Hardness (Mohs):4½ - 5
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
Good {1011}
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):3.71(1) g/cm3
Density (calculated):3.748 g/cm3

Crystallography of Gaspéite

Crystal System:Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:a = 4.621Å, c = 14.93Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 3.231
Unit Cell Volume:V 276.10 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Gaspéite

Type:Uniaxial (-)
RI values: nω = 1.830 nε = 1.610
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.220

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High

Chemical Properties of Gaspéite

Formula:
(Ni,Mg,Fe)CO
 
3
Simplified for copy/paste:(Ni,Mg,Fe)CO3
Essential elements:C, Ni, O
All elements listed in formula:C, Fe, Mg, Ni, O

Relationship of Gaspéite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Magnesite (see here)
Member of:Calcite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Calcite
CaCO
 
3
Magnesite
MgCO
 
3
Otavite
CdCO
 
3
Rhodochrosite
MnCO
 
3
Siderite
FeCO
 
3
Smithsonite
ZnCO
 
3
Spherocobaltite
CoCO
 
3
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
5.AB.05Calcite
CaCO
 
3
5.AB.05Magnesite
MgCO
 
3
5.AB.05Otavite
CdCO
 
3
5.AB.05Rhodochrosite
MnCO
 
3
5.AB.05Siderite
FeCO
 
3
5.AB.05Smithsonite
ZnCO
 
3
5.AB.05Spherocobaltite
CoCO
 
3
5.AB.10Ankerite
Ca(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.10Dolomite
CaMg(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.10Kutnohorite
Ca(Mn,Mg,Fe)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.10Minrecordite
CaZn(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.15Aragonite
CaCO
 
3
5.AB.15Cerussite
PbCO
 
3
5.AB.15Strontianite
SrCO
 
3
5.AB.15Witherite
BaCO
 
3
5.AB.20Vaterite
CaCO
 
3
5.AB.25Huntite
CaMg
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
5.AB.30Norsethite
BaMg(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.35Alstonite
BaCa(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.40Olekminskite
Sr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.40Paralstonite
BaCa(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.45Barytocalcite
BaCa(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.50Carbocernaite
(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
5.AB.55Benstonite
(Ba,Sr)
 
6
(Ca,Mn)
 
6
Mg(CO
 
3
)
 
13
5.AB.60Juangodoyite
Na
 
2
Cu(CO
 
3
)
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
11.14.1Spherocobaltite
CoCO
 
3
11.14.2Kolwezite
(Cu,Co)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
2
11.14.3Nullaginite
Ni
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
2
11.14.4Hellyerite
NiCO
 
3
· 6H
 
2
O
11.14.5Otwayite
Ni
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
11.14.6Zaratite
Ni
 
3
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
11.14.7Kambaldaite
NaNi
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
· 3H
 
2
O
11.14.8Glaukosphaerite
(Cu,Ni)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
2
11.14.10Reevesite
Ni
 
6
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
16
(CO
 
3
) · 4H
 
2
O
11.14.11Comblainite
Ni
 
4
Co
 
2
(OH)
 
12
[CO
 
3
] · 3H
 
2
O
11.14.12Szymańskiite
Hg
 
16
(Ni,Mg)
 
6
(CO
 
3
)
 
12
(OH)
 
12
· 11H
 
2
O

Other Names for Gaspéite

Synonyms:
AlluraIMA1965-029
Other Languages:
German:Gaspéit
Russian:Гаспеит
Spanish:Gaspéita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Gaspéite

Reference List:

- +
KOHLS, D.W. & RODDA, J.L. (1966): Gaspéite, (Ni,Mg,Fe)(CO3), a new carbonate from the Gaspé Peninsula, Quebec. American Mineralogist 51, 677-684.
PERTLIK, F. (1986): Structures of hydrothermally synthesized cobalt (II) carbonate and nickel (II) carbonate. Acta Crystallographica C42, 4-5.
Reviews in Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America: 11.
Anthony,J.W. et al (2003)Handbook of Mineralogy, vol 5, 239. http://rruff.info/doclib/hom/gaspeite.pdf [Link Broken? Oct 2014]

Internet Links for Gaspéite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Gaspéite on Webmineral
  • Look for Gaspéite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Gaspéite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project[Link Broken?]
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database[Link Broken?]
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Localities for Gaspéite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • Tasmania
      • Heazlewood district
    Anderson, P., Bottrill, R. & Davidson, P. (2002): Famous mineral localities: The Lord Brassey mine, Tasmania. Mineralogical Record 33, 321-332
      • Trial Harbour district
    Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Western Australia
      • Coolgardie Shire
    Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 1l pp.26-32 (1973)
          • Kambalda Nickel mines
            • Otter Juan mine
    AM 70 (1985), 419; Mineralogical Magazine 1981 44 : 333-337.
        • Widgiemooltha
    Am.Min.: 78: 819-821.
    Jim Daly collection
      • East Pilbara Shire
        • Nullagine
    Nickel, E. H.; Hallbert, J. A.; Halligan, R. (1979): Unusual nickel mineralization at Nullagine, Western Australia. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia 26, 61-71.
      • Leonora Shire
        • Leinster
    E. H. Nickel, E.H. et al. (1977) Eardleyite as a product of the supergene alteration of nickel sulfides in Western Australia. American Mineralogist; June 1977; v. 62; no. 5-6; p. 449-457
      • Menzies Shire
        • Menangina Station
    Min Mag (1979) 43, 97-98
    Bosnia and Herzegovina
     
    • Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
      • Sarajevo Canton
        • Vareš
    Bermanec, V., Sijaric, G., Kniewald, G., and Mandarino, J.A. (2000): The Canadian Mineralogist 38, 1371-1376.
    Canada
     
    • Québec
      • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
        • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
          • Mont-Albert
    KOHLS, D.W. & RODDA, J.L. (1966): Gaspéite, (Ni,Mg,Fe)(CO3), a new carbonate from the Gaspé Peninsula, Quebec. American Mineralogist 51, 677-684.
    Germany
     
    • Hesse
      • Richelsdorf District
        • Süss
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
    No reference listed
    Italy
     
    • Sardinia
      • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
        • Iglesias
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
    Ref. Cadorni E, Forti P., Perna G. (1986) - La gaspeite magnesifera della miniera di S. Benedetto (CA) - Riv. Miner. Ital., Milano, fasc. 2, 1986, pp. 62-67
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Aichi prefecture
          • Shinshiro city
    Matsubara, S. and Kato A. (1993) Jour. Japan Ass. Min. Petr. Econ. Geol., 88(11), 515-524 (in japanese).
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Aktobe Province (Aqtöbe Oblysy; Aktubinskaya Oblast')
      • Urals
    P.M. Kartashov data
    South Africa
     
    • Limpopo Province
      • Vhembe District
    Minerals of South Africa
    Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
    • Mpumalanga Province
      • Ehlanzeni District
        • Barberton
          • Bon Accord
    Am. Min. 61, 502 (1976)
    Spain
     
    • Catalonia
      • Tarragona
        • Priorat
          • Bellmunt del Priorat
    Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat.
    Tanzania
     
    • Dodoma Region
    Graetsch, H. A. (2011): Microstructure and origin of colour of chrysoprase from Haneti (Tanzania). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 188, 111-117.
    Zimbabwe
     
    • Midlands
      • Gweru District (Gwelo District)
    Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.337-349 (1979)
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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