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Gaspéite

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Formula:
(Ni,Mg,Fe)CO3
System:
Hexagonal
Colour:
Light green
Hardness:
4½ - 5
Member of:
Name:
After the type locality: Gaspé Peninsula, Lemieux Township, Gaspé-Ouest Co., Québec, Canada

Classification of Gaspéite

Approved
5.AB.05

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
A : Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O
B : Alkali-earth (and other M2+) carbonates
14.1.1.8

14 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
1 : A(XO3)
11.14.9

11 : Carbonates
14 : Carbonates of Co and Ni
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Type Occurrence of Gaspéite

General Appearance of Type Material:
Light green rhombohedral crystals
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Physical Properties of Gaspéite

Vitreous, Dull
Colour:
Light green
Streak:
Green, yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
4½ - 5
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good {1011}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.71(1) g/cm3 (Measured)    3.748 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Gaspéite

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.621Å, c = 14.93Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 3.231
Unit Cell Volume:
V 276.10 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Gaspéite

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.830 nε = 1.610
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.220
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High

Chemical Properties of Gaspéite

Formula:
(Ni,Mg,Fe)CO3
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Gaspéite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Magnesite (see here)
Member of:
Other Members of Group:
5.AB.05CalciteCaCO3
5.AB.05MagnesiteMgCO3
5.AB.05OtaviteCdCO3
5.AB.05RhodochrositeMnCO3
5.AB.05SideriteFeCO3
5.AB.05SmithsoniteZnCO3
5.AB.05SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
5.AB.10AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
5.AB.10DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
5.AB.10KutnohoriteCa(Mn,Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
5.AB.10MinrecorditeCaZn(CO3)2
5.AB.15AragoniteCaCO3
5.AB.15CerussitePbCO3
5.AB.15StrontianiteSrCO3
5.AB.15WitheriteBaCO3
5.AB.20VateriteCaCO3
5.AB.25HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
5.AB.30NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2
5.AB.35AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
5.AB.40OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2
5.AB.40ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2
5.AB.45BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
5.AB.50Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2
5.AB.55Benstonite(Ba,Sr)6(Ca,Mn)6Mg(CO3)13
5.AB.60JuangodoyiteNa2Cu(CO3)2
11.14.1SpherocobaltiteCoCO3
11.14.2Kolwezite(Cu,Co)2(CO3)(OH)2
11.14.3NullaginiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2
11.14.4HellyeriteNiCO3 · 6H2O
11.14.5OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
11.14.6ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O
11.14.7KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
11.14.8Glaukosphaerite(Cu,Ni)2(CO3)(OH)2
11.14.10ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
11.14.11ComblainiteNi4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
11.14.12SzymańskiiteHg16(Ni,Mg)6(CO3)12(OH)12 · 11H2O

Other Names for Gaspéite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Gaspéit
Spanish:Gaspéita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Gaspéite

Reference List:
KOHLS, D.W. & RODDA, J.L. (1966): Gaspéite, (Ni,Mg,Fe)(CO3), a new carbonate from the Gaspé Peninsula, Quebec. American Mineralogist 51, 677-684.
PERTLIK, F. (1986): Structures of hydrothermally synthesized cobalt (II) carbonate and nickel (II) carbonate. Acta Crystallographica C42, 4-5.
Reviews in Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America: 11.
Anthony,J.W. et al (2003)Handbook of Mineralogy, vol 5, 239. http://rruff.info/doclib/hom/gaspeite.pdf

Internet Links for Gaspéite

Localities for Gaspéite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Heazlewood district
Anderson, P., Bottrill, R. & Davidson, P. (2002): Famous mineral localities: The Lord Brassey mine, Tasmania. Mineralogical Record 33, 321-332
    • Trial Harbour district
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 1l pp.26-32 (1973)
        • Kambalda Nickel mines
          • Otter Juan mine
AM 70 (1985), 419; Mineralogical Magazine 1981 44 : 333-337.
      • Widgiemooltha
Am.Min.: 78: 819-821.
Jim Daly collection
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Nullagine
Nickel, E. H.; Hallbert, J. A.; Halligan, R. (1979): Unusual nickel mineralization at Nullagine, Western Australia. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia 26, 61-71.
    • Leonora Shire
      • Leinster
E. H. Nickel, E.H. et al. (1977) Eardleyite as a product of the supergene alteration of nickel sulfides in Western Australia. American Mineralogist; June 1977; v. 62; no. 5-6; p. 449-457
    • Menzies Shire
      • Menangina Station
Min Mag (1979) 43, 97-98
Bosnia and Herzegovina
 
  • Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • Sarajevo Canton
      • Vareš
Bermanec, V., Sijaric, G., Kniewald, G., and Mandarino, J.A. (2000): The Canadian Mineralogist 38, 1371-1376.
Canada (TL)
 
  • Québec
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
        • Mont-Albert
KOHLS, D.W. & RODDA, J.L. (1966): Gaspéite, (Ni,Mg,Fe)(CO3), a new carbonate from the Gaspé Peninsula, Quebec. American Mineralogist 51, 677-684.
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Süss
        • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
No reference listed
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Iglesias
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Ref. Cadorni E, Forti P., Perna G. (1986) - La gaspeite magnesifera della miniera di S. Benedetto (CA) - Riv. Miner. Ital., Milano, fasc. 2, 1986, pp. 62-67
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Aichi prefecture
        • Shinshiro city
Matsubara, S. and Kato A. (1993) Jour. Japan Ass. Min. Petr. Econ. Geol., 88(11), 515-524 (in japanese).
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe Province (Aqtöbe Oblysy; Aktubinskaya Oblast')
    • Urals
P.M. Kartashov data
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Vhembe District
Minerals of South Africa
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Barberton
        • Bon Accord
Am. Min. 61, 502 (1976)
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • Bellmunt del Priorat
Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat.
Tanzania
 
  • Dodoma Region
Graetsch, H. A. (2011): Microstructure and origin of colour of chrysoprase from Haneti (Tanzania). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 188, 111-117.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Midlands
    • Gweru District (Gwelo District)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp.337-349 (1979)
Mineral and/or Locality  
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