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Geigerite

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Formula:
Mn
2+
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
System:TriclinicHardness:3
Name:
Named after Dr. Thomas Geiger (1920 - 1990), Swiss mineralogist and metallurgist in the machinery industry and specialist for the manganese ores and minerals of Falotta and Alp Parsettens to which he devoted his PhD thesis and a series of later studies.


The manganese analogue of chudobaite.

Classification of Geigerite

IMA status:Approved 1985
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/C.06-60
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.CE.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
E : With only medium-sized cations, RO4:H2O about 1:2.5
Dana 8th edition ID:39.2.6.2

39 : HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
2 : (AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:20.8.10

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
8 : Arsenates of Mn
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Type Occurrence of Geigerite

Type Locality:Falotta, Tinizong (Tinzen), Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass), Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden), Switzerland
Year of Discovery:1985

Physical Properties of Geigerite

Hardness (Mohs):3

Crystallography of Geigerite

Crystal System:Triclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 7.94Å, b = 10.69Å, c = 6.77Å
α = 80.97°, β = 84.2°, γ = 81.85°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.743 : 1 : 0.633
Unit Cell Volume:V 560.3 ų
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
10.45 (100)
7.85 (13)
3.507 (21)
3.340 (20)
3.051 (24)
3.011 (17)
2.786 (14)

Optical Data of Geigerite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.601 nβ = 1.630 nγ = 1.660
2V:Measured: 89° , Calculated: 88°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.059

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:none

Chemical Properties of Geigerite

Formula:
Mn
2+
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Mn2+5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2·10H2O
Essential elements:As, H, Mn, O
All elements listed in formula:As, H, Mn, O

Relationship of Geigerite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.CE.05Chudobaite
(Mg,Zn)
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
8.CE.10Newberyite
Mg(HPO
 
4
) · 3H
 
2
O
8.CE.15Brassite
Mg(HAsO
 
4
) · 4H
 
2
O
8.CE.20Phosphorrösslerite
Mg(HPO
 
4
) · 7H
 
2
O
8.CE.20Rösslerite
Mg(HAsO
 
4
) · 7H
 
2
O
8.CE.25Metaswitzerite
Mn
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CE.25Switzerite
(Mn,Fe)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 7H
 
2
O
8.CE.30Lindackerite
CuCu
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8-9H
 
2
O
8.CE.30Ondrušite
CaCu
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
8.CE.30Veselovskýite
ZnCu
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 9H
 
2
O
8.CE.30Pradetite
CoCu
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 9H
 
2
O
8.CE.30Klajite
MnCu
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 9-10H
 
2
O
8.CE.35Bobierrite
Mg
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Annabergite
Ni
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Arupite
Ni
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Barićite
(Mg,Fe)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Erythrite
Co
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Ferrisymplesite
Fe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Hörnesite
Mg
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Köttigite
Zn
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Manganohörnesite
(Mn,Mg)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Parasymplesite
Fe
2+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Vivianite
Fe
2+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.40Pakhomovskyite
Co
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.45Symplesite
Fe
2+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.50Cattiite
Mg
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 22H
 
2
O
8.CE.55Koninckite
Fe
3+
 
PO
 
4
· 3H
 
2
O
8.CE.60Kaňkite
FeAsO
 
4
· 3.5H
 
2
O
8.CE.65Steigerite
Al(VO
 
4
) · 3H
 
2
O
8.CE.70Metaschoderite
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(VO
 
4
) · 6H
 
2
O
8.CE.70Schoderite
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(VO
 
4
) · 8H
 
2
O
8.CE.75Malhmoodite
FeZr(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CE.75Zigrasite
MgZr(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CE.75Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Zigrasite)
CaZr[PO
 
4
]
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
8.CE.80Santabarbaraite
Fe
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
3
· 5H
 
2
O
8.CE.85Metaköttigite
(Zn,Fe,Fe)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8(H
 
2
O,OH)
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
20.8.1Sarkinite
Mn
2+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.8.2Eveite
Mn
2+
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
20.8.3Arsenoclasite
Mn
2+
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
20.8.4Flinkite
Mn
2+
2
Mn
3+
 
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
20.8.5Jarosewichite
Mn
2+
3
Mn
3+
 
(AsO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
20.8.6Allactite
Mn
2+
7
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
8
20.8.7Krautite
Mn(HAsO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
20.8.8Synadelphite
Mn
2+
9
(As
5+
 
O
 
4
)
 
2
(As
3+
 
O
 
3
)(OH)
 
9
· 2H
 
2
O
20.8.9Sterlinghillite
Mn
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
20.8.11Akrochordite
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
20.8.12Manganohörnesite
(Mn,Mg)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
20.8.13Fluckite
CaMn
2+
 
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
20.8.14Brandtite
Ca
 
2
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
20.8.15Parabrandtite
Ca
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
20.8.16Wallkilldellite-(Mn)
Ca
 
2
Mn
2+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 9H
 
2
O
20.8.17Berzeliite
NaCa
 
2
(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
20.8.18Manganberzeliite
(Ca,Na)
 
3
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
3
20.8.19Magnesiochlorophoenicite
(Mg,Mn)
 
3
Zn
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)(OH,O)
 
6
20.8.20Villyaellenite
MnMn
 
2
Ca
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(HAsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
20.8.21Hematolite
(Mn,Mg,Al)
 
15
(As
5+
 
O
 
4
)
 
2
(As
3+
 
O
 
3
)(OH)
 
23
20.8.22Grischunite
NaCa
 
2
Mn
2+
5
Fe
3+
 
(AsO
 
4
)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O

Other Names for Geigerite

Synonyms:
IMA1985-028
Other Languages:
German:Geigerit
Russian:Гейгерит
Spanish:Geigerita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Geigerite

Reference List:

- +
Graeser, S.; Schwander, H.; Bianchi, R.; Pilati, T.; Gramaccioli, C. M. (1989): Geigerite, the manganese analogue of chudobaite: Its description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist: 74, 676-684.

Internet Links for Geigerite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Geigerite on Google
  • Look for Geigerite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Geigerite on Webmineral
  • Look for Geigerite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Geigerite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Geigerite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Geigerite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Find Geigerite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
  • Geigerite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Fine and rare minerals from mintreasure.com
  • Fine minerals from bisbeeborn.com
  • Jobs:
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  • Localities for Geigerite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Italy
     
    • Liguria
      • La Spezia Province
        • Rocchetta Vara
    Cabella, R., Basso, R., Lucchetti, G., Palenzona, A. (2000): Geigerite from Mt. Nero manganese mine (Northern Appennines, La Spezia, Italy). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, 12, 570-576.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Tohoku Region
        • Fukushima Prefecture
          • Iwaki City
    Kato et al (1990) Ganseki-Koubutsu-Koshogaku Zasshi, 85, 184.; Mineralogical Journal Vol. 18 (1996) , No. 4 pp 155-160
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
        • Tinizong (Tinzen)
    Amer.Mineralogist 74, pages 676 - 684.
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