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Geocronite

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Formula:
Pb
 
14
(Sb,As)
 
6
S
 
23
System:MonoclinicColour:Light lead gray to ...
Hardness:2½ - 3
Name:From the Greek, γή, earth (Gea in Greek, the alchemistic name for antimony) and κρόνος, Saturn (Chronos in Greek, the alchemistic name for lead).
Isostructural with:Jordanite

Classification of Geocronite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/E.15-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.JB.30a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
B : Galena derivatives, with Pb
Dana 8th edition ID:3.3.1.2

3 : SULFOSALTS
3 : 3 <ø < 4
Hey's CIM Ref.:5.6.22

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone
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Type Occurrence of Geocronite

Type Locality:Sala Silver Mine, Sala, Västmanland, Sweden
Year of Discovery:1839

Occurrences of Geocronite

Geological Setting:Hydrothermal veins

Physical Properties of Geocronite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Light lead gray to grayish
Streak:Light leadgray to grayish blue
Hardness (Mohs):2½ - 3
Hardness (Vickers):VHN100=144 - 160 kg/mm2
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
Distinct on {011}.
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):6.46 g/cm3

Crystallography of Geocronite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:P21/m {P1 1 21/m} {P21/m} {P1 21/m 1}
Space Group Setting:P21/m
Cell Parameters:a = 8.963Å, b = 31.93Å, c = 8.500Å
β = 118.02(1)°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.281 : 1 : 0.266
Unit Cell Volume:V 2,147.46 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Morphology:Tabular, massive, earthy. Crystals rare, but up to 8cm.
Twinning:Common on {001}, lamellar.
Crystal Atlas:
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Geocronite - Contact twin on {110}
Geocronite - {001}, {225}, {011}

About Crystal Atlas

The mindat.org Crystal Atlas allows you to view a selection of crystal drawings of real and idealised crystal forms for this mineral and, in certain cases, 3d rotating crystal objects. The 3d models and HTML5 code are kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
3.71 (60)
3.54 (100)
3.39 (80)
3.18 (86)
3.06 (90)
2.98 (70)
2.89 (90)

Optical Data of Geocronite

Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Moderate
Colour in reflected light:Pure white
Pleochroism:Weak

Chemical Properties of Geocronite

Formula:
Pb
 
14
(Sb,As)
 
6
S
 
23
Simplified for copy/paste:Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Essential elements:Pb, S, Sb
All elements listed in formula:As, Pb, S, Sb

Relationship of Geocronite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Jordanite (see here)
Common Associates:
TetrahedriteQuartzPyriteGalenaFluorite
Baryte
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.JB.05Diaphorite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
2
Sb
 
3
S
 
8
2.JB.10Cosalite
Pb
 
2
Bi
 
2
S
 
5
2.JB.15Freieslebenite
AgPbSbS
 
3
2.JB.15Marrite
AgPbAsS
 
3
2.JB.20Cannizzarite
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
6
S
 
13
2.JB.20Wittite
Pb
 
9
Bi
 
12
(S,Se)
 
27
2.JB.25aJunoite
Cu
 
2
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
8
(S,Se)
 
16
2.JB.25iNeyite
Ag
 
2
Cu
 
6
Pb
 
25
Bi
 
26
S
 
68
2.JB.25cNordströmite
CuPb
 
3
Bi
 
7
(Se
 
4
S
 
10
)
2.JB.25gNuffieldite
Cu
 
1.4
Pb
 
2.4
Bi
 
2.4
Sb
 
0.2
S
 
7
2.JB.25dProudite
CuPb
 
7.5
Bi
 
9.33
(S,Se)
 
22
2.JB.25hWeibullite
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
8
Se
 
7
S
 
11
2.JB.25bFelbertalite
Cu
 
2
Pb
 
6
Bi
 
8
S
 
19
2.JB.25jRouxelite
Cu
 
2
HgPb
 
23
Sb
 
27
S
 
65.5
2.JB.25fÁngelaite
Cu
 
2
AgPbBiS
 
4
2.JB.25iCuproneyite
Cu
 
7
Pb
 
27
Bi
 
25
S
 
68
2.JB.30aJordanite
Pb
 
14
(As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
23
2.JB.30bKirkiite
Pb
 
10
Bi
 
3
As
 
3
S
 
19
2.JB.30cTsugaruite
Pb
 
4
As
 
2
S
 
7
2.JB.35cPillaite
Pb
 
9
Sb
 
10
S
 
23
ClO
 
0.5
2.JB.35aZinkenite
Pb
 
9
Sb
 
22
S
 
42
2.JB.35bScainiite
Pb
 
14
Sb
 
30
S
 
54
O
 
5
2.JB.35dPellouxite
(Cu,Ag)Pb
 
10
Sb
 
12
S
 
27
O(Cl,S)
 
0.6
2.JB.35fTubulite
Ag
 
2
Pb
 
22
Sb
 
20
S
 
53
2.JB.35eChovanite
Pb
 
15-2x
Sb
 
14+2x
S
 
36
O
 
x
(x ~ 0.2)
2.JB.40bAschamalmite
Pb
 
6
Bi
 
2
S
 
9
2.JB.40aBursaite
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
4
S
 
11
(?)
2.JB.40bEskimoite
Ag
 
7
Pb
 
10
Bi
 
15
S
 
36
2.JB.40aFizélyite
Ag
 
5
Pb
 
14
Sb
 
21
S
 
48
2.JB.40aGustavite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
11
S
 
24
2.JB.40aLillianite
Pb
 
3-2x
Ag
 
x
Bi
 
2+x
S
 
6
2.JB.40cOurayite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
5
S
 
13
2.JB.40aRamdohrite
(Cd,Mn,Fe)Ag
 
5.5
Pb
 
12
Sb
 
21.5
S
 
48
2.JB.40aRoshchinite
Ag
 
19
Pb
 
10
Sb
 
51
S
 
96
2.JB.40dSchirmerite
PbAgBi
 
3
S
 
6
- Pb
 
3
Ag
 
1.5
Bi
 
3.5
S
 
9
2.JB.40aTreasurite
Ag
 
7
Pb
 
6
Bi
 
15
S
 
32
2.JB.40aUchucchacuaite
AgMnPb
 
3
Sb
 
5
S
 
12
2.JB.40eUstarasite
Pb(Bi,Sb)
 
6
S
 
10
(?)
2.JB.40aVikingite
Ag
 
5
Pb
 
8
Bi
 
13
S
 
30
2.JB.40aXilingolite
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
2
S
 
6
2.JB.40bHeyrovskýite
Pb
 
10
AgBi
 
5
S
 
18
2.JB.40UM1988-05-S:AgBiCuHgPb
(Hg,Ag,Cu,Pb)
 
5
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
11
S
 
27
2.JB.40UM1988-06-S:AgBiCuHgPb
(Pb,Hg)
 
12
(Cu,Ag)
 
3
(Bi,Sb)
 
10
(S,Te)
 
27
2.JB.40aAndorite IV
Pb
 
18
Ag
 
15
Sb
 
47
S
 
96
2.JB.55Gratonite
Pb
 
9
As
 
4
S
 
15
2.JB.60Marrucciite
Hg
 
3
Pb
 
16
Sb
 
18
S
 
46
2.JB.65Vurroite
Pb
 
20
Sn
 
2
(Bi,As)
 
22
S
 
54
Cl
 
6
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
5.6.1Sartorite
PbAs
 
2
S
 
4
5.6.2Dufrénoysite
Pb
 
2
As
 
2
S
 
5
5.6.3Liveingite
Pb
 
9
As
 
13
S
 
28
5.6.4Baumhauerite
Pb
 
12
As
 
16
S
 
36
5.6.5Gratonite
Pb
 
9
As
 
4
S
 
15
5.6.6Jordanite
Pb
 
14
(As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
23
5.6.7Fülöppite
Pb
 
3
Sb
 
8
S
 
15
5.6.8Zinkenite
Pb
 
9
Sb
 
22
S
 
42
5.6.9Plagionite
Pb
 
5
Sb
 
8
S
 
17
5.6.10Heteromorphite
Pb
 
7
Sb
 
8
S
 
19
5.6.11Launayite
CuPb
 
10
(Sb,As)
 
12
S
 
20
5.6.12Playfairite
Pb
 
16
Sb
 
18
S
 
43
5.6.13Semseyite
Pb
 
9
Sb
 
8
S
 
21
5.6.14Madocite
Pb
 
19
(Sb,As)
 
16
S
 
43
5.6.15Boulangerite
Pb
 
5
Sb
 
4
S
 
11
5.6.17Robinsonite
Pb
 
4
Sb
 
6
S
 
13
5.6.18Guettardite
PbAsSbS
 
4
5.6.19Twinnite
Pb
 
0.8
Tl
 
0.1
Sb
 
1.3
As
 
0.8
S
 
4
5.6.20Veenite
Pb
 
2
(Sb,As)
 
2
S
 
5
5.6.21Sorbyite
CuPb
 
9
(Sb,As)
 
11
S
 
26
5.6.23Galenobismutite
PbBi
 
2
S
 
4
5.6.24Cosalite
Pb
 
2
Bi
 
2
S
 
5
5.6.25Cannizzarite
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
6
S
 
13
5.6.26Lillianite
Pb
 
3-2x
Ag
 
x
Bi
 
2+x
S
 
6
5.6.27Giessenite
Pb
 
27
Cu
 
2
(Bi,Sb)
 
19
S
 
57
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29Xilingolite
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
2
S
 
6
5.6.30Weibullite
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
8
Se
 
7
S
 
11
5.6.31Wittite
Pb
 
9
Bi
 
12
(S,Se)
 
27
5.6.32Kirkiite
Pb
 
10
Bi
 
3
As
 
3
S
 
19
5.6.33Ustarasite
Pb(Bi,Sb)
 
6
S
 
10
(?)

Other Names for Geocronite

Synonyms:
GeokroniteKilbreckaniteKilbrickeniteSchulzite
Other Languages:
German:Geocronit
Geokronit
Kilbrickenit
Schulzit
Russian:Геокронит
Simplified Chinese:砷硫锑铅矿
硫砷锑铅矿
Spanish:Geocronita
Kilbrickenita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Geocronite

Reference List:

- +
Svanberg (1839) Ak. Stockholm, Handl.: 184.

Apjohn (1841), Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy: 1: 469.

Hausmann (1847): 166.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 395-397.

American Mineralogist (1976): 61: 963-970.

Internet Links for Geocronite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Geocronite on Google
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Geocronite on Webmineral
  • Look for Geocronite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Geocronite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Geocronite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Geocronite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Fabre Minerals - search for Geocronite specimens
  • Buy RARE Minerals from Rocks of Africa
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Search for Geocronite on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • Buy minerals from YourMineralCollection
  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • Top quality minerals from Kristalle of California
  • Find Geocronite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • Buy fine minerals and gemstones from Pala International
  • Specimens:The following Geocronite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Geocronite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Albania
     
    • Lezhë County
    Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
    Argentina
     
    • Salta
      • El Quevar
    Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
      • Incahuasi Valley
    ROBL, Klaus; BRODTKORB, Milka K.de and AMETRANO, Silvia. The Miocene epithermal mineralization of the Quevar Stratovolcan Complex, Salta. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 525-539
    ROBL, Klaus; BRODTKORB, Milka K.de and AMETRANO, Silvia. The Miocene epithermal mineralization of the Quevar Stratovolcan Complex, Salta. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 525-539
    • San Juan
      • La Huerta Range
        • Marayes mining district
    The Canadian Mineralogist; February 2009; v. 47; no. 1; p. 129-141
    Australia
     
    • Northern Territory
      • Coomalie Shire
        • Batchelor
    Fleminig, MJ etal; the Geology of the Woodcutters lead-zinc-silver mine, 1994 AusIMM Annual COnference, The AUstraluan Institute of Mining and Metallurgy;
    Austria
     
    • Salzburg
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Gastein valley
          • Naßfeld valley
            • Kreuzkogel massif
              • Radhausberg
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
      • Lungau
        • Schladminger Tauern
          • Weißpriach valley
    Schachinger, T., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2014): Erzmineralisationen und ihre Verwitterungsprodukte aus dem weiteren Bereich der Steirischen und Lungauer Kalkspitze. Der Steirische Mineralog 28, 8-21.
      • Radstädter Tauern
        • Forstau valley
    Schachinger, T., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2014): Erzmineralisationen und ihre Verwitterungsprodukte aus dem weiteren Bereich der Steirischen und Lungauer Kalkspitze. Der Steirische Mineralog 28, 8-21.
    • Styria
      • Schladming
        • Schladminger Tauern
          • Giglach valley
            • Giglach lakes
    Schachinger, T., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2014): Erzmineralisationen und ihre Verwitterungsprodukte aus dem weiteren Bereich der Steirischen und Lungauer Kalkspitze. Der Steirische Mineralog 28, 8-21.
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Sill valley (Wipp valley)
          • Obernberg valley
            • Obernberg am Brenner
    Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F. & Strasser, M. (2010): 1633) Bindheimit, Geokronit und Langit von Obernberg am Brenner, Obernberger Tal, Silltal (Wipptal), Nordtirol. Pp. 220-221 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.; Hanke, M. & Kotal, K. (2010): Neues von Obernberg in Tirol: Geokronit und Mimetesit. Lapis 35 (12), 24.
    Azerbaijan
     
    • Belokan-Avar ore district
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
    Bolivia
     
    • La Paz Department
      • Camacho Province
    Ahlfeld, F. & Schneider-Scherbina, A. (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia.
    • Oruro Department
      • Cercado Province
        • Oruro City
    Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
    • Potosí Department
      • Antonio Quijarro Province
        • Huanchaca
    [MinRec 32:477]
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Jequitinhonha valley
    Mineralogical Record 8:391
    Bulgaria
     
    • Sofiya Town Oblast (Grad Sofia Oblast)
      • Bankya Obshtina
        • Bankya
    Stamatova, I. V., Kunov, A. Y., & Stanchev, C. D. (2004). Geocronite and Bournonite from Occurrence Klisoura (Western Srednogone, Bulgaria). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 57(10), 53.
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Omenica Mining Division
        • Granisle
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
      • Vancouver Mining Division
        • Brandywine Creek
          • Van Silver Property (Van Silver Mine; Van Silver Claims)
    [
    • Manitoba
      • Lynn Lake District
    Bernhardt Augsten, Ralph I. Thorpe, Donald C. Harris, and Mark A. F. Fedikow (1986) Ore mineralogy of the Agassiz (MacLellan) gold deposit in the Lynn Lake region, Manitoba Can Mineral, 24:369-377
    • New Brunswick
      • Charlotte Co.
        • Saint George Parish
    Parrish, I. S., 1977, Mineral Catalog for the Mount Pleasant Deposit of Brunswick Tin Mines, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 15, p. 121-126.
    • Ontario
      • Hastings Co.
        • Madoc area
          • Huntingdon Township
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Jambor (1967b) Can. Min. 9, 191-213
      • Thunder Bay District
        • Bomby Township
    G.S.C.Misc.Rep.49; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
    Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
    • Québec
      • Mauricie
        • Mékinac RCM
    Mineral. Deposita 42 (2007) 627-637.
    • Yukon Territory
      • Watson Lake Mining District
    Can Mineral 1957 6: 119-127.
    China
     
    • Gansu Province
      • Dingxi Prefecture
        • Min Co.
    Xinhui Liu, Mingshen Feng, Jiajun Liu, Minwu Liu, and Yongwen Zhang (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(4), 6-12; Xinhui Liu, Caihua Chen, Tianxin Zhao, Keli Zhang, Lizi Chen, and Shuang Liu (2012): Gold Science and Technology 20(4), 7-15
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Hechi Prefecture
        • Nandan Co.
          • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
    Mineral Deposits 4(1), 74
    • Qinghai Province
      • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
        • Mangnai Co. (Mangya Co.)
          • Qimantage Mtns
    Aikui Zhang, Guanglian Liu, Chengyou Feng, Xuanxue Mo, Liucheng Yang, Yongle Liu, Shuyue He, and Yongshou Ma (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(1), 94-108
    • Sichuan Province
      • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Kangding Co.
    Weifan Ding (1983): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 3(3), 193-197
      • Mianyang Prefecture
        • Pingwu Co.
          • Mt Xuebaoding
            • Huya township
    Yan Liu, Jun Deng, Keqin Cai, Yan Zhou, Qingfei Wang, Yinghua Zhou, Bangfei Gao, Dexiu Li, Fuyu Xu, and Yuerong Zhu (2005): Earth Science Frontiers 12(2), 324-331
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Benešov (Beneschau)
          • Český Šternberk (Böhmisch Sternberg)
    Šrein, V. et al.: Mineralogická charakteristika metasomatického rudního ložiska Malovidy u Českého Šternberka. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2007, roč. 14-15, s. 149-158.
    David Parfitt collection
          • Háje
    Josef Vajdak specimens
      • Pardubice Region
    Rezek, K., Megarskaja, L.: Mineralogie sulfidického zrudnění u Prachovic v Železných horách. Věstník Ústředního ústavu geologického, 1986, roč. 61, č. 1, s. 23-28.
    Finland
     
    • Southwestern Finland Region
      • Salo
        • Kisko
    Geological Survey of Finland Metsämonttu - ZINC Database
      • Somero
    Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Haute-Loire
        • Lavoûte-Chilhac
          • Saint-Privat-du-Dragon
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Hérault
    M. Munoz, Y.Moëlo : "Etude paragénétique de la minéralisation sulfurée complexe (Sb-Pb-Zn-...) de Bournac (Hérault, France)", Bull. Minéral. , 1982, 105, 625-632.
    • Limousin
      • Corrèze
        • Bort-les-Orgues
        • Ussel
    [MinRec 1982, 5, p.261-268]
    • Poitou-Charentes
      • Deux-Sèvres
    P. Picot, Z. Johan : "Atlas of Ore Minerals", BRGM, Elsevier, 1982
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Alpes-Maritimes
        • Guillaumes
          • Péone
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
      • Hautes-Alpes
        • Orpierre
    Le Cahier des Micromonteurs,(2), 3-13
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
      • Wiesloch
    P. Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1159
    • Bavaria
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Oberpfälzer Wald
          • Waldsassen
            • Pfaffenreuth
    Lapis, 10 (9), 13-20+50.
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Westerwald
        • Wied Iron Spar District
          • Altenkirchen
            • Bürdenbach
    Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
    Voudouris, P. & Economou-Eliopoulus, M. (2003): Mineralogy and chemistry of Cu-rich ores from the Kamariza carbonate-hosted deposit (Lavrion), Greece. In: Eliopoulos et al. (Eds.): Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development. Millpress, Rotterdam, 1039-1042.
    • Macedonia Department
      • Chalkidiki Prefecture
        • Cassandra Mines
    No reference listed
          • Stratoni operations
    Lapis, 28, #7/8, 8 (July-August 2003)
    • Peloponnese Department (Peloponnisos)
      • Lakonia Prefecture (Laconia)
        • Molaoi
    http://biomine.brgm.fr/Documents/4BioMinEProducts/Deliverable/DI3_WP1_Resource%20identification_v061031.pdf
    Hungary
     
    • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
      • Rudabányai Mtns
        • Rudabánya
    Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
    No reference listed
    India
     
    • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
      • Udaipur Division
        • Udaipur District
          • Rajpura-Dariba deposit
    Mineralogical Magazine 1968 36 : 1174-1175
    Iran
     
    • West Azarbaijan Province (West Azerbaijan Province)
      • Sardasht
    Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Tajedin, H., Putz, H., Zagler, G. (2013): Barikaite, Pb10Ag3(Sb8As11)S19S40, a new member of the sartorite homologous series. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3039-3046.
      • Takab (Takan Tepe)
    Daliran, F. (2008): The carbonate rock-hosted epithermal gold deposit of Agdarreh, Takab geothermal field, NW Iran—hydrothermal alteration and mineralisation. Mineralium Deposita, 43, 383-404
    Mehrabi, B., Yardley, B.W.D., and Cann, J.R. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 673-696.; Asadi, H.H., Voncken, J.H.L, Kühnel, R.A., and Hale, M. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 656-671.
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Clare
      • Ennis
        • Quin
    Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834 pp.; Martin Stolworthy (Personal Collection)
    • Co. Galway
      • Killimor
    de Haller, series of article in Bull. Soc. Genevoise de Minéralogie in the 1980s. ; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
    • Co. Tipperary
      • Silvermines District
    Econ Geol (1984) 79:529-548
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Torino Province
        • Canavese District
          • Borgofranco d'Ivrea
            • Biò
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Sardinia
      • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
        • Gonnesa
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente - Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Volume 1 & 2. Nine Italian Mineralogical Groups/Associations, 192 + 239 pp.
    • Tuscany
      • Lucca Province
        • Apuan Alps
          • Pietrasanta
            • Valdicastello Carducci
    Bramanti A., 1994. Note di mineralogia italiana. Eccezionali cristalli di geocronite, Valdicastello Carducci. Riv. Miner. Ital., 18: 170.
          • Stazzema
    Angelillis R., 1972. Probabile ritrovamento di geocronite alla miniera del Bottino. Notiz. Gr. Miner. Lomb., 53.
            • Sant'Anna di Stazzema
    D'Achiardi A., 1872/73. Mineralogia della Toscana. Arnaldo Forni Editore, Pisa.; Amodio Morelli L., Menchetti S., 1969. Su alcuni minerali della zona del Bottino e del Canale dell'Angina-Zulfello (Alpi Apuane). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., Serie A: 417-445.
      • Massa-Carrara Province
        • Apuan Alps
    Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
    • Veneto
      • Belluno Province
        • San Piero di Cadore
    Lagny, Ph., Omenetto, P., Ottemann, J. (1973): Geocronite in the lead-zinc deposit of Salafossa (eastern Italian Alps). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1973, 529-546.; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
      • Oshima peninsula
        • Hiyama Subprefecture
          • Kaminokuni
    Matsukuma et al (1981) Zenkoku Chikashigen Kankei Gakukyokai Godo Shuki Taikai Bunka Kenkyuukai Shiryo (M) Kinginn no Fusonn Jotai, 20-23.
    Kyrgyzstan
     
    • Osh Oblast
      • Alai Range (Alay Range)
    [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
        • Fergana Valley
    [Lapis 11:11-24]
    Luxembourg
     
    • Goesdorf commune
      • Goesdorf
    Simon Philippo analysis (to be published); [Filella M., Philippo S., Belzile N., Chen Y. and Quentel F. (2009) Natural attenuation processes applying to antimony: A study in the abandoned antimony mine in Goesdorf, Luxembourg - Science of the total environment (in press)]
    Norway
     
    • Nordland
      • Fauske
        • Sulitjelma
          • Sulitjelma Cu Mines
    Ramdohr, P.(1938): Antimonreiche Paragenesen von Jakobsbakken bei Sulitjelma. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 18: 275-289; Cook, N. J. (1996): Mineralogy of the sulphide deposits at Sulitjelma, northern Norway. Ore Geology Reviews 11: 303-308
      • Grane
        • Svenningdalen
    Reusch, H.H. (1881): Et Besøg i Svenningdalens Sølvgruber. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben. 26, 171-176 (p.175); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 47.
      • Hemnes
        • Bleikvassli
    Vokes, F.M. (1963): Geological studies on the Caledonian pyritic zinc-lead orebody at Bleikvassli, Nordland, Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 222, 1-126; Cook, N.J., Spry, P.G., and Vokes, F.M. (1998): Mineralogy and textural relationships among sulphosalts and related minerals in the Bleikvassli Zn-Pb-(Cu) deposit, Nordland, Norway. Mineralium Deposita 34, 35-56.
    Peru
     
    • Huancavelica Department
      • Angaraes Province
        • Julcani District
    B. Duval, Y. Moëlo and P. Picot, Bull. Minéral. , 1986, 109, pp. 649-655.
      • Huancavelica Province
    Birnie, R. W. and Petersen, U. (1977): The paragenetic association and compositional zoning of lead sulfosalts at Huachocolpa, Peru. Economic Geology 72, 983-992.
    • La Libertad Department
      • Santiago de Chuco Province
        • Quiruvilca District
    Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
    • Lima Department
      • Huarochiri Province
        • Casapalca
    Mineralogical Record (1997): 28(4).
    Romania
     
    • Maramureș Co.
      • Baia Mare (Nagybánya)
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Brezno Co.
        • Valkovňa
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
      • Revúca Co.
        • Chyžné
    Bálintová T., Števko M., Ozdín D., 2006: Sulphosalts of lillianite homologous series from Chyžné occurrence (Slovakia). Miner. Polonica-Special Papers, vol. 28. p.19- 21
    • Košice Region
      • Rožňava Co.
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    [Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k]
        • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
          • Čučma
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    • Prešov Region
      • Prešov Co.
    Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
    • Žilina Region
      • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
        • Liptovské Kľačany
    Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Makovicky, E., Pršek, J., Ozdín, D., Putz, H., Dittrich, H. & Karup-Møller, S. (2012): Chovanite, Pb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2), a new sulphosalt species from the Low Tatra Mountains, Western Carpathians, Slovakia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 727-740.
    Sweden
     
    • Dalarna
      • Falun
    No reference listed
    • Östergötland
      • Finspång
        • Doverstorp ore field
    Zakrzewski et al (1982): Can.Min. 20, 281-290
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
    Ulf Nyberg collection, analyzed by Dr.Per Nysten 1987
    Ulf Nyberg photo & specimen
    • Västmanland
      • Hällefors
        • Grythyttan
    Burke, E. A., & Zakrzewski, M. A. (1990). Herzenbergite and associated antimony minerals from Björkskogsnäs, Hällefors, Sweden. GFF, 112(1), 85-86.
      • Sala
    Am Min 39 (1954), 908
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Binn Valley
        • Giessen
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 82
      • Sion (Sitten)
        • Granges (Lens)
    Ansermet, S., Meisser, N. & Cuchet, S. (2011): Ein Hauch Carrara im Wallis - zur Mineralogie des Steinbruchs La Plâtrière in Lens. Schweizer Strahler 2/2011, 2-17 (in German/French).
    Taiwan
     
    • Taiwan Province
      • New Taipei City
        • Ruifang District
          • Jinguashi Mine (Chinkuashih Mine)
    Hwang, J. Y and Meyer, H O A (1982) The Mineral Chemistry and Genesis of the Chinkuashih ore deposits, Taiwan. Proceedings of the Geological Society of China 25:88-101
    Turkey
     
    • Central Anatolia Region
      • Ankara Province
        • Kızılcahamam
    Sharp, W. E., Wieland, M., Mittwede, S. K. (2007): A mineralogical note on boulangerite, geocronite, and yenerite from near Işik Dağı (Kızılcahamam-Ankara), Turkey. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 16, 109-116.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Wadebridge District
          • St Endellion
    Birnie, R. and Burnham, C.W. (1976): The crystal structure and extent of solid solution of geocronite. Am. Mineral., 61, 963-970.; [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]; Stamatova, I. V., Kunov, A. Y., & Stanchev, C. D. (2004). Geocronite and Bournonite from Occurrence Klisoura (Western Srednogone, Bulgaria). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 57(10), 53.
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Juneau Borough
        • Admiralty District
    Taylor, C.D., and Johnson, C.A., editors, 2010, Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the Greens Creek massive sulfide deposit, Admiralty Island, southeastern Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1763, 429 p., 7 plates on CD.
    • California
      • Inyo Co.
        • Darwin Hills
    Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 136.
        • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
          • Cerro Gordo District
            • Cerro Gordo
              • Cerro Gordo Mine
    Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 182; Hanks, Henry Garber (1886), Sixth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 6 part 1, 145 pp.: 110; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 198.
          • Tibbetts District
            • Mazourka Canyon
    Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp. (includes catalog of minerals of California pp. 63-410), and miscellaneous observations on mineral products): 182; Hanks, Henry Garber (1886), Sixth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 6 part 1, 145 pp. (includes catalog of minerals); […(abstract): Neues Jahrb., 1887, Band 2: 474]: 110; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 198.
      • Mono Co.
        • Prescott area
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 198.
    • Colorado
      • Boulder Co.
        • Jamestown District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Summit Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Idaho
      • Bonner Co.
        • Clark Fork District
          • Clark Fork
    Rocks & Min. 70:246
      • Custer Co.
        • Boulder Creek District
          • Jim Creek
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    Rocks & Minerals (1995) 70: 250.
    R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    • Montana
      • Flathead Co.
        • Hog Heaven District (Flathead District)
          • Kofford Ridge
    www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm
      • Powell Co.
        • Zosell District (Emery District)
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
    • New York
    Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, p.94
    Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State,p.46
    NY State Museum spec. no. 13832
    • South Dakota
      • Pennington Co.
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    • Utah
      • Juab Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • Tintic District
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Means, A. H. New mineral occurrences from Tintic District. Utah. The American journal of science, Volume 191 p 125
      • Summit Co.
        • Wasatch Mts
          • Park City District (Uinta District)
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Stamatova, I. V., Kunov, A. Y., & Stanchev, C. D. (2004). Geocronite and Bournonite from Occurrence Klisoura (Western Srednogone, Bulgaria). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 57(10), 53.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Virginia
      • Louisa Co.
        • Gold-Pyrite Belt
    Dana 7:I:396.
    • Washington
      • Chelan Co.
        • Wenatchee District
          • Wenatchee
            • Squillchuck Creek
    Lasmanis, R. (1995): Mineral News: A Compendium of Wenatchee District Mineralogy, Chelan County, Washington, p.6-7
      • Stevens Co.
        • Northport District
          • Bossburg
    Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.68,69
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