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Geocronite

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Formula:
Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Light lead gray to ...
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Name:
From the Greek, γή, earth (Gea in Greek, the alchemistic name for antimony) and κρόνος, Saturn (Chronos in Greek, the alchemistic name for lead).
Isostructural with:

Classification of Geocronite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
2.JB.30a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
J : Sulfosalts of PbS archetype
B : Galena derivatives, with Pb
3.3.1.2

3 : SULFOSALTS
3 : 3 <ø < 4
5.6.22

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone
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Type Occurrence of Geocronite

Year of Discovery:
1839

Occurrences of Geocronite

Geological Setting:
Hydrothermal veins

Physical Properties of Geocronite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Light lead gray to grayish
Streak:
Light leadgray to grayish blue
Hardness (Mohs):
2½ - 3
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN100=144 - 160 kg/mm2
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Distinct on {011}.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
6.46 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Crystallography of Geocronite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/m
Space Group Setting:
P21/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.963Å, b = 31.93Å, c = 8.500Å
β = 118.02(1)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.281 : 1 : 0.266
Unit Cell Volume:
V 2,147.46 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Tabular, massive, earthy. Crystals rare, but up to 8cm.
Twinning:
Common on {001}, lamellar.

Crystallographic forms of Geocronite

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Geocronite - Contact twin on {110}
Geocronite - {001}, {225}, {011}
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.71 (60)
3.54 (100)
3.39 (80)
3.18 (86)
3.06 (90)
2.98 (70)
2.89 (90)

Optical Data of Geocronite

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Moderate
Colour in reflected light:
Pure white
Pleochroism:
Weak

Chemical Properties of Geocronite

Formula:
Pb14(Sb,As)6S23
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Geocronite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Jordanite (see here)
2.JB.05DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8
2.JB.10CosalitePb2Bi2S5
2.JB.15FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
2.JB.15MarriteAgPbAsS3
2.JB.20CannizzaritePb4Bi6S13
2.JB.20WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27
2.JB.25aJunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16
2.JB.25iNeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
2.JB.25cNordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)
2.JB.25gNuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
2.JB.25dProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22
2.JB.25hWeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11
2.JB.25bFelbertaliteCu2Pb6Bi8S19
2.JB.25jRouxeliteCu2HgPb23Sb27S65.5
2.JB.25fÁngelaiteCu2AgPbBiS4
2.JB.25iCuproneyiteCu7Pb27Bi25S68
2.JB.30aJordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
2.JB.30bKirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19
2.JB.30cTsugaruitePb4As2S7
2.JB.35cPillaitePb9Sb10S23ClO0.5
2.JB.35aZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
2.JB.35bScainiitePb14Sb30S54O5
2.JB.35dPellouxite(Cu,Ag)Pb10Sb12S27O(Cl,S)0.6
2.JB.35fTubuliteAg2Pb22Sb20S53
2.JB.35eChovanitePb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2)
2.JB.40bAschamalmitePb6Bi2S9
2.JB.40aBursaitePb5Bi4S11 (?)
2.JB.40bEskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36
2.JB.40aFizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48
2.JB.40aGustaviteAg3Pb5Bi11S24
2.JB.40aLillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
2.JB.40cOurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13
2.JB.40aRamdohrite(Cd,Mn,Fe)Ag5.5Pb12Sb21.5S48
2.JB.40aRoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96
2.JB.40dSchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9
2.JB.40aTreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32
2.JB.40aUchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12
2.JB.40eUstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)
2.JB.40aVikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30
2.JB.40aXilingolitePb3Bi2S6
2.JB.40bHeyrovskýitePb10AgBi5S18
2.JB.40UM1988-05-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Hg,Ag,Cu,Pb)5Pb5Bi11S27
2.JB.40UM1988-06-S:AgBiCuHgPb(Pb,Hg)12(Cu,Ag)3(Bi,Sb)10(S,Te)27
2.JB.40aAndorite IVPb18Ag15Sb47S96
2.JB.55GratonitePb9As4S15
2.JB.60MarrucciiteHg3Pb16Sb18S46
2.JB.65VurroitePb20Sn2(Bi,As)22S54Cl6
5.6.1SartoritePbAs2S4
5.6.2DufrénoysitePb2As2S5
5.6.3LiveingitePb9As13S28
5.6.4BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
5.6.5GratonitePb9As4S15
5.6.6JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
5.6.7FülöppitePb3Sb8S15
5.6.8ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
5.6.9PlagionitePb5Sb8S17
5.6.10HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19
5.6.11LaunayiteCuPb10(Sb,As)12S20
5.6.12PlayfairitePb16(Sb,As)19S44Cl
5.6.13SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
5.6.14MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43
5.6.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
5.6.17RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
5.6.18GuettarditePbAsSbS4
5.6.19Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4
5.6.20VeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5
5.6.21SorbyiteCuPb9(Sb,As)11S26
5.6.23GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
5.6.24CosalitePb2Bi2S5
5.6.25CannizzaritePb4Bi6S13
5.6.26LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
5.6.27GiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29XilingolitePb3Bi2S6
5.6.30WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11
5.6.31WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27
5.6.32KirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19
5.6.33UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)

Other Names for Geocronite

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Geocronite

Reference List:
Svanberg (1839) Ak. Stockholm, Handl.: 184.

Apjohn (1841), Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy: 1: 469.

Hausmann (1847): 166.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 395-397.

American Mineralogist (1976): 61: 963-970.

Internet Links for Geocronite

Specimens:
The following Geocronite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Geocronite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Albania
 
  • Lezhë County
Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Argentina
 
  • Salta
    • El Quevar
Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
    • Incahuasi Valley
ROBL, Klaus; BRODTKORB, Milka K.de and AMETRANO, Silvia. The Miocene epithermal mineralization of the Quevar Stratovolcan Complex, Salta. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 525-539
ROBL, Klaus; BRODTKORB, Milka K.de and AMETRANO, Silvia. The Miocene epithermal mineralization of the Quevar Stratovolcan Complex, Salta. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 525-539
  • San Juan
    • Caucete department
      • La Huerta Range
        • Marayes mining district
The Canadian Mineralogist; February 2009; v. 47; no. 1; p. 129-141
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Coomalie Shire
      • Batchelor
Fleminig, MJ etal; the Geology of the Woodcutters lead-zinc-silver mine, 1994 AusIMM Annual COnference, The AUstraluan Institute of Mining and Metallurgy;
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Gastein valley
        • Naßfeld valley
          • Kreuzkogel massif
            • Radhausberg
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • Lungau
      • Schladminger Tauern
        • Weißpriach valley
Schachinger, T., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2014): Erzmineralisationen und ihre Verwitterungsprodukte aus dem weiteren Bereich der Steirischen und Lungauer Kalkspitze. Der Steirische Mineralog 28, 8-21.
    • Radstädter Tauern
      • Forstau valley
Schachinger, T., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2014): Erzmineralisationen und ihre Verwitterungsprodukte aus dem weiteren Bereich der Steirischen und Lungauer Kalkspitze. Der Steirische Mineralog 28, 8-21.
  • Styria
    • Schladming
      • Schladminger Tauern
        • Giglach valley
          • Giglach lakes
Schachinger, T., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2014): Erzmineralisationen und ihre Verwitterungsprodukte aus dem weiteren Bereich der Steirischen und Lungauer Kalkspitze. Der Steirische Mineralog 28, 8-21.
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Sill valley (Wipp valley)
        • Obernberg valley
          • Obernberg am Brenner
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F. & Strasser, M. (2010): 1633) Bindheimit, Geokronit und Langit von Obernberg am Brenner, Obernberger Tal, Silltal (Wipptal), Nordtirol. Pp. 220-221 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.; Hanke, M. & Kotal, K. (2010): Neues von Obernberg in Tirol: Geokronit und Mimetesit. Lapis 35 (12), 24.
Azerbaijan
 
  • Balakan District
    • Belokan-Avar ore district
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
Bolivia
 
  • La Paz Department
    • Camacho Province
Ahlfeld, F. & Schneider-Scherbina, A. (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia.
  • Oruro Department
    • Cercado Province
      • Oruro City
Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
  • Potosí Department
    • Antonio Quijarro Province
      • Huanchaca
[MinRec 32:477]
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Jequitinhonha valley
Mineralogical Record 8:391
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofiya Town Oblast (Grad Sofia Oblast)
    • Bankya Obshtina
      • Bankya
Stamatova, I. V., Kunov, A. Y., & Stanchev, C. D. (2004). Geocronite and Bournonite from Occurrence Klisoura (Western Srednogone, Bulgaria). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 57(10), 53.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Omenica Mining Division
      • Granisle
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    • Vancouver Mining Division
      • Brandywine Creek
        • Van Silver Property (Van Silver Mine; Van Silver Claims)
[
  • Manitoba
    • Lynn Lake District
Bernhardt Augsten, Ralph I. Thorpe, Donald C. Harris, and Mark A. F. Fedikow (1986) Ore mineralogy of the Agassiz (MacLellan) gold deposit in the Lynn Lake region, Manitoba Can Mineral, 24:369-377
  • New Brunswick
    • Charlotte Co.
      • Saint George Parish
Parrish, I. S., 1977, Mineral Catalog for the Mount Pleasant Deposit of Brunswick Tin Mines, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 15, p. 121-126.
  • Ontario
    • Hastings Co.
      • Madoc area
        • Huntingdon Township
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Jambor (1967b) Can. Min. 9, 191-213
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
G.S.C.Misc.Rep.49; Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
  • Québec
    • Mauricie
      • Mékinac RCM
Mineral. Deposita 42 (2007) 627-637.
  • Yukon Territory
    • Watson Lake Mining District
Can Mineral 1957 6: 119-127.
China
 
  • Gansu Province
    • Dingxi Prefecture
      • Min Co.
Xinhui Liu, Mingshen Feng, Jiajun Liu, Minwu Liu, and Yongwen Zhang (2011): Gold Science and Technology 19(4), 6-12; Xinhui Liu, Caihua Chen, Tianxin Zhao, Keli Zhang, Lizi Chen, and Shuang Liu (2012): Gold Science and Technology 20(4), 7-15
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Hechi Prefecture
      • Nandan Co.
        • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
Mineral Deposits 4(1), 74
  • Qinghai Province
    • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Mangnai Co. (Mangya Co.)
        • Qimantage Mts
Aikui Zhang, Guanglian Liu, Chengyou Feng, Xuanxue Mo, Liucheng Yang, Yongle Liu, Shuyue He, and Yongshou Ma (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(1), 94-108
  • Sichuan Province
    • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Kangding Co.
Weifan Ding (1983): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 3(3), 193-197
    • Mianyang Prefecture
      • Pingwu Co.
        • Mt Xuebaoding
          • Huya township
Yan Liu, Jun Deng, Keqin Cai, Yan Zhou, Qingfei Wang, Yinghua Zhou, Bangfei Gao, Dexiu Li, Fuyu Xu, and Yuerong Zhu (2005): Earth Science Frontiers 12(2), 324-331
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Benešov (Beneschau)
        • Český Šternberk (Böhmisch Sternberg)
Šrein, V. et al.: Mineralogická charakteristika metasomatického rudního ložiska Malovidy u Českého Šternberka. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2007, roč. 14-15, s. 149-158.
David Parfitt collection
        • Háje
Josef Vajdak specimens
    • Pardubice Region
Rezek, K., Megarskaja, L.: Mineralogie sulfidického zrudnění u Prachovic v Železných horách. Věstník Ústředního ústavu geologického, 1986, roč. 61, č. 1, s. 23-28.
Finland
 
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Salo
      • Kisko
Geological Survey of Finland Metsämonttu - ZINC Database
    • Somero
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Haute-Loire
      • Lavoûte-Chilhac
        • Saint-Privat-du-Dragon
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Hérault
M. Munoz, Y.Moëlo : "Etude paragénétique de la minéralisation sulfurée complexe (Sb-Pb-Zn-...) de Bournac (Hérault, France)", Bull. Minéral. , 1982, 105, 625-632.
  • Limousin
    • Corrèze
      • Bort-les-Orgues
      • Ussel
[MinRec 1982, 5, p.261-268]
  • Poitou-Charentes
    • Deux-Sèvres
P. Picot, Z. Johan : "Atlas of Ore Minerals", BRGM, Elsevier, 1982
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Guillaumes
        • Péone
R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Feraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France, N° 4, Alpes Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • Orpierre
Le Cahier des Micromonteurs,(2), 3-13
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Wiesloch
P. Ramdohr, Ore Mineralogy, 3rd ed., pg 1159
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Leonberg
        • Pfaffenreuth
Lapis, 10 (9), 13-20+50.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Westerwald
      • Wied Iron Spar District
        • Altenkirchen
          • Bürdenbach
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
Voudouris, P. & Economou-Eliopoulus, M. (2003): Mineralogy and chemistry of Cu-rich ores from the Kamariza carbonate-hosted deposit (Lavrion), Greece. In: Eliopoulos et al. (Eds.): Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development. Millpress, Rotterdam, 1039-1042.
  • Macedonia Department
    • Chalkidiki Prefecture
      • Cassandra Mines
No reference listed
        • Stratoni operations
Lapis, 28, #7/8, 8 (July-August 2003)
  • Peloponnese Department (Peloponnisos)
    • Lakonia Prefecture (Laconia)
      • Molaoi
http://biomine.brgm.fr/Documents/4BioMinEProducts/Deliverable/DI3_WP1_Resource%20identification_v061031.pdf
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Rudabánya
Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
No reference listed
India
 
  • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
    • Udaipur Division
      • Udaipur District
        • Rajpura-Dariba deposit
Mineralogical Magazine 1968 36 : 1174-1175
Iran
 
  • West Azarbaijan Province (West Azerbaijan Province)
    • Sardasht County
      • Sardasht
Topa, D., Makovicky, E., Tajedin, H., Putz, H., Zagler, G. (2013): Barikaite, Pb10Ag3(Sb8As11)S19S40, a new member of the sartorite homologous series. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3039-3046.
    • Takab (Takan Tepe)
Daliran, F. (2008): The carbonate rock-hosted epithermal gold deposit of Agdarreh, Takab geothermal field, NW Iran—hydrothermal alteration and mineralisation. Mineralium Deposita, 43, 383-404
Mehrabi, B., Yardley, B.W.D., and Cann, J.R. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 673-696.; Asadi, H.H., Voncken, J.H.L, Kühnel, R.A., and Hale, M. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 656-671.
Ireland
 
  • Co. Clare
    • Ennis
      • Quin
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834 pp.; Martin Stolworthy (Personal Collection)
  • Co. Galway
    • Killimor
de Haller, series of article in Bull. Soc. Genevoise de Minéralogie in the 1980s. ; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
  • Co. Tipperary
    • Silvermines District
Econ Geol (1984) 79:529-548
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Borgofranco d'Ivrea
          • Biò
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Gonnesa
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente - Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Volume 1 & 2. Nine Italian Mineralogical Groups/Associations, 192 + 239 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Pietrasanta
          • Valdicastello Carducci
Bramanti A., 1994. Note di mineralogia italiana. Eccezionali cristalli di geocronite, Valdicastello Carducci. Riv. Miner. Ital., 18: 170.
        • Stazzema
Angelillis R., 1972. Probabile ritrovamento di geocronite alla miniera del Bottino. Notiz. Gr. Miner. Lomb., 53.
          • Sant'Anna di Stazzema
D'Achiardi A., 1872/73. Mineralogia della Toscana. Arnaldo Forni Editore, Pisa.; Amodio Morelli L., Menchetti S., 1969. Su alcuni minerali della zona del Bottino e del Canale dell'Angina-Zulfello (Alpi Apuane). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sci. Nat., Mem., Serie A: 417-445.
    • Massa-Carrara Province
      • Apuan Alps
Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
  • Veneto
    • Belluno Province
      • San Piero di Cadore
Lagny, Ph., Omenetto, P., Ottemann, J. (1973): Geocronite in the lead-zinc deposit of Salafossa (eastern Italian Alps). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1973, 529-546.; AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Oshima peninsula
      • Hiyama Subprefecture
        • Kaminokuni
Matsukuma et al (1981) Zenkoku Chikashigen Kankei Gakukyokai Godo Shuki Taikai Bunka Kenkyuukai Shiryo (M) Kinginn no Fusonn Jotai, 20-23.
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Osh Oblast
    • Alai Range (Alay Range)
[Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
      • Fergana Valley
[Lapis 11:11-24]
Luxembourg
 
  • Goesdorf commune
    • Goesdorf
Simon Philippo analysis (to be published); [Filella M., Philippo S., Belzile N., Chen Y. and Quentel F. (2009) Natural attenuation processes applying to antimony: A study in the abandoned antimony mine in Goesdorf, Luxembourg - Science of the total environment (in press)]
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Fauske
      • Sulitjelma
        • Sulitjelma Cu Mines
Ramdohr, P.(1938): Antimonreiche Paragenesen von Jakobsbakken bei Sulitjelma. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 18: 275-289; Cook, N. J. (1996): Mineralogy of the sulphide deposits at Sulitjelma, northern Norway. Ore Geology Reviews 11: 303-308
    • Grane
      • Svenningdalen
Reusch, H.H. (1881): Et Besøg i Svenningdalens Sølvgruber. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaben. 26, 171-176 (p.175); Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 47.
    • Hemnes
      • Bleikvassli
Vokes, F.M. (1963): Geological studies on the Caledonian pyritic zinc-lead orebody at Bleikvassli, Nordland, Norway. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 222, 1-126; Cook, N.J., Spry, P.G., and Vokes, F.M. (1998): Mineralogy and textural relationships among sulphosalts and related minerals in the Bleikvassli Zn-Pb-(Cu) deposit, Nordland, Norway. Mineralium Deposita 34, 35-56.
Peru
 
  • Huancavelica Department
    • Angaraes Province
      • Julcani District
B. Duval, Y. Moëlo and P. Picot, Bull. Minéral. , 1986, 109, pp. 649-655.
    • Huancavelica Province
Birnie, R. W. and Petersen, U. (1977): The paragenetic association and compositional zoning of lead sulfosalts at Huachocolpa, Peru. Economic Geology 72, 983-992.
  • La Libertad Department
    • Santiago de Chuco Province
      • Quiruvilca District
Min.Rec. 28, #4 (1997)
  • Lima Department
    • Huarochiri Province
      • Casapalca
Mineralogical Record (1997): 28(4).
Romania
 
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Baia Mare (Nagybánya)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
      • Valkovňa
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    • Revúca Co.
      • Chyžné
Bálintová T., Števko M., Ozdín D., 2006: Sulphosalts of lillianite homologous series from Chyžné occurrence (Slovakia). Miner. Polonica-Special Papers, vol. 28. p.19- 21
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
[Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k]
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
        • Čučma
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
      • Liptovské Kľačany
Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Makovicky, E., Pršek, J., Ozdín, D., Putz, H., Dittrich, H. & Karup-Møller, S. (2012): Chovanite, Pb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2), a new sulphosalt species from the Low Tatra Mountains, Western Carpathians, Slovakia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 727-740.
Sweden
 
  • Dalarna
    • Falun
No reference listed
  • Östergötland
    • Finspång
      • Doverstorp ore field
Zakrzewski et al (1982): Can.Min. 20, 281-290
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Ulf Nyberg collection, analyzed by Dr.Per Nysten 1987
Ulf Nyberg photo & specimen
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
Burke, E. A., & Zakrzewski, M. A. (1990). Herzenbergite and associated antimony minerals from Björkskogsnäs, Hällefors, Sweden. GFF, 112(1), 85-86.
    • Sala
Am Min 39 (1954), 908
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Giessen
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 82
    • Sion (Sitten)
      • Granges (Lens)
Ansermet, S., Meisser, N. & Cuchet, S. (2011): Ein Hauch Carrara im Wallis - zur Mineralogie des Steinbruchs La Plâtrière in Lens. Schweizer Strahler 2/2011, 2-17 (in German/French).
Taiwan
 
  • Taiwan Province
    • New Taipei City
      • Ruifang District
        • Jinguashi Mine (Chinkuashih Mine)
Hwang, J. Y and Meyer, H O A (1982) The Mineral Chemistry and Genesis of the Chinkuashih ore deposits, Taiwan. Proceedings of the Geological Society of China 25:88-101
Turkey
 
  • Central Anatolia Region
    • Ankara Province
      • Kızılcahamam
Sharp, W. E., Wieland, M., Mittwede, S. K. (2007): A mineralogical note on boulangerite, geocronite, and yenerite from near Işik Dağı (Kızılcahamam-Ankara), Turkey. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences 16, 109-116.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Wadebridge District
        • St Endellion
Birnie, R. and Burnham, C.W. (1976): The crystal structure and extent of solid solution of geocronite. Am. Mineral., 61, 963-970.; [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]; Stamatova, I. V., Kunov, A. Y., & Stanchev, C. D. (2004). Geocronite and Bournonite from Occurrence Klisoura (Western Srednogone, Bulgaria). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 57(10), 53.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Juneau Borough
      • Admiralty District
Taylor, C.D., and Johnson, C.A., editors, 2010, Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the Greens Creek massive sulfide deposit, Admiralty Island, southeastern Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1763, 429 p., 7 plates on CD.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Darwin Hills
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 136.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Cerro Gordo District
          • Cerro Gordo
            • Cerro Gordo Mine
Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp.: 182; Hanks, Henry Garber (1886), Sixth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 6 part 1, 145 pp.: 110; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 198.
        • Tibbetts District
          • Mazourka Canyon
Hanks, Henry Garber (1884), Fourth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 4, 410 pp. (includes catalog of minerals of California pp. 63-410), and miscellaneous observations on mineral products): 182; Hanks, Henry Garber (1886), Sixth report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 6 part 1, 145 pp. (includes catalog of minerals); […(abstract): Neues Jahrb., 1887, Band 2: 474]: 110; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 198.
    • Mono Co.
      • Prescott area
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 198.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Jamestown District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Summit Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Idaho
    • Bonner Co.
      • Clark Fork District
        • Clark Fork
Rocks & Min. 70:246
    • Custer Co.
      • Boulder Creek District
        • Jim Creek
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Rocks & Minerals (1995) 70: 250.
R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
  • Montana
    • Flathead Co.
      • Hog Heaven District (Flathead District)
        • Kofford Ridge
www.cannonmicroprobe.com/Mineral_Specimens.htm
    • Powell Co.
      • Zosell District (Emery District)
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.; Gobla, M. J. (2012) Montana Mineral Locality Index. Rocks and Minerals 87:208-240.
  • New York
Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State, p.94
Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State,p.46
NY State Museum spec. no. 13832
  • South Dakota
    • Pennington Co.
SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
  • Utah
    • Summit Co.
      • Wasatch Mts
        • Park City District (Uinta District)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Stamatova, I. V., Kunov, A. Y., & Stanchev, C. D. (2004). Geocronite and Bournonite from Occurrence Klisoura (Western Srednogone, Bulgaria). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie Bulgare des Sciences, 57(10), 53.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Means, A. H. New mineral occurrences from Tintic District. Utah. The American journal of science, Volume 191 p 125
  • Virginia
    • Louisa Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
Dana 7:I:396.
  • Washington
    • Chelan Co.
      • Wenatchee District
        • Wenatchee
          • Squillchuck Creek
Lasmanis, R. (1995): Mineral News: A Compendium of Wenatchee District Mineralogy, Chelan County, Washington, p.6-7
    • Stevens Co.
      • Northport District
        • Bossburg
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.68,69
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