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Giessenite

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Formula:
Pb
 
27
Cu
 
2
(Bi,Sb)
 
19
S
 
57
System:MonoclinicColour:Greyish-black
Lustre:MetallicHardness:
Name:
For the type locality.
This page provides mineralogical data about Giessenite.

Classification of Giessenite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/E.33-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.HB.10b

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
B : With Cu, Ag, Fe, Sn and Pb
Dana 8th edition ID:3.5.12.2

3 : SULFOSALTS
5 : 2.5 < ø < 3
Hey's CIM Ref.:5.6.27

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone
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Type Occurrence of Giessenite

Type Locality:Turtschi, Giessen, Binn Valley, Wallis (Valais), Switzerland
Year of Discovery:1963
Geological Setting of type material:Hydrothermal
Associated Minerals at type locality:
TennantiteSphaleriteSeligmanniteQuartzPyrrhotite
PyriteGeocroniteGalenaDolomite

Physical Properties of Giessenite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Greyish-black
Streak:Grayish black
Hardness (Mohs):
Hardness (Vickers):VHN100=65
Density (calculated):7.45 g/cm3

Crystallography of Giessenite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:a = 34.62(3) Å, b = 38.18(5) Å, c = 4.080(8) Å
β = 90.33(5)°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.907 : 1 : 0.107
Unit Cell Volume:V 5,392.82 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Morphology:Fine needles to 1.5mm
Twinning:Intimately on (100)

Chemical Properties of Giessenite

Formula:
Pb
 
27
Cu
 
2
(Bi,Sb)
 
19
S
 
57
Simplified for copy/paste:Pb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
Essential elements:Bi, Cu, Pb, S
All elements listed in formula:Bi, Cu, Pb, S, Sb
Common Impurities:Fe

Relationship of Giessenite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Izoklakeite (see here)
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.HB.05aAikinite
PbCuBiS
 
3
2.HB.05aFriedrichite
Pb
 
5
Cu
 
5
Bi
 
7
S
 
18
2.HB.05aGladite
PbCuBi
 
5
S
 
9
2.HB.05aHammarite
Pb
 
2
Cu
 
2
Bi
 
4
S
 
9
2.HB.05cJaskólskiite
Pb
 
2+x
Cu
 
x
(Sb,Bi)
 
2-x
S
 
6
(x = 0.2)
2.HB.05aKrupkaite
PbCuBi
 
3
S
 
6
2.HB.05aLindströmite
Pb
 
3
Cu
 
3
Bi
 
7
S
 
15
2.HB.05bMeneghinite
Pb
 
13
CuSb
 
7
S
 
24
2.HB.05aPekoite
PbCuBi
 
11
(S,Se)
 
18
2.HB.05aEmilite
Pb
 
2.7
Cu
 
2.7
Bi
 
5.3
S
 
12
2.HB.05UM2000-46-S:BiCuPb
Cu
 
0.33
Pb
 
0.33
Bi
 
7.67
S
 
12
2.HB.05aSalzburgite
Pb
 
1.6
Cu
 
1.6
Bi
 
6.4
S
 
12
2.HB.05UM1990-54-Se:BiCuPb
CuPb(Ni,Co)
 
0.3
Bi
 
3
Se
 
6
2.HB.05aPaarite
Pb
 
1.7
Cu
 
1.7
Bi
 
6.3
S
 
12
2.HB.10cEclarite
(Cu,Fe)Pb
 
9
Bi
 
12
S
 
28
2.HB.10bIzoklakeite
Pb
 
27
(Cu,Fe,Ag)
 
2
(Sb,Bi)
 
19
S
 
57
2.HB.10aKobellite
Pb
 
22
Cu
 
4
(Bi,Sb)
 
30
S
 
69
2.HB.10aTintinaite
Pb
 
22
Cu
 
4
(Sb,Bi)
 
30
S
 
69
2.HB.15Benavidesite
Pb
 
4
(Mn,Fe)Sb
 
6
S
 
14
2.HB.15Jamesonite
Pb
 
4
FeSb
 
6
S
 
14
2.HB.20dBerryite
Cu
 
3
Ag
 
2
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
7
S
 
16
2.HB.20bBuckhornite
AuPb
 
2
BiTe
 
2
S
 
3
2.HB.20aNagyágite
Pb
 
5
Au(Te,Sb)
 
4
S
 
5-8
2.HB.20eWatkinsonite
Cu
 
2
PbBi
 
4
(Se,S,Te)
 
8
2.HB.20cMuseumite
[Pb
 
2
(Pb,Sb)
 
2
S
 
8
][(Te,Au)
 
2
]
2.HB.20eLitochlebite
Ag
 
2
PbBi
 
4
Se
 
8
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
5.6.1Sartorite
PbAs
 
2
S
 
4
5.6.2Dufrénoysite
Pb
 
2
As
 
2
S
 
5
5.6.3Liveingite
Pb
 
9
As
 
13
S
 
28
5.6.4Baumhauerite
Pb
 
12
As
 
16
S
 
36
5.6.5Gratonite
Pb
 
9
As
 
4
S
 
15
5.6.6Jordanite
Pb
 
14
(As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
23
5.6.7Fülöppite
Pb
 
3
Sb
 
8
S
 
15
5.6.8Zinkenite
Pb
 
9
Sb
 
22
S
 
42
5.6.9Plagionite
Pb
 
5
Sb
 
8
S
 
17
5.6.10Heteromorphite
Pb
 
7
Sb
 
8
S
 
19
5.6.11Launayite
CuPb
 
10
(Sb,As)
 
12
S
 
20
5.6.12Playfairite
Pb
 
16
Sb
 
18
S
 
43
5.6.13Semseyite
Pb
 
9
Sb
 
8
S
 
21
5.6.14Madocite
Pb
 
19
(Sb,As)
 
16
S
 
43
5.6.15Boulangerite
Pb
 
5
Sb
 
4
S
 
11
5.6.17Robinsonite
Pb
 
4
Sb
 
6
S
 
13
5.6.18Guettardite
PbAsSbS
 
4
5.6.19Twinnite
Pb
 
0.8
Tl
 
0.1
Sb
 
1.3
As
 
0.8
S
 
4
5.6.20Veenite
Pb
 
2
(Sb,As)
 
2
S
 
5
5.6.21Sorbyite
CuPb
 
9
(Sb,As)
 
11
S
 
26
5.6.22Geocronite
Pb
 
14
(Sb,As)
 
6
S
 
23
5.6.23Galenobismutite
PbBi
 
2
S
 
4
5.6.24Cosalite
Pb
 
2
Bi
 
2
S
 
5
5.6.25Cannizzarite
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
6
S
 
13
5.6.26Lillianite
Pb
 
3-2x
Ag
 
x
Bi
 
2+x
S
 
6
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29Xilingolite
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
2
S
 
6
5.6.30Weibullite
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
8
Se
 
7
S
 
11
5.6.31Wittite
Pb
 
9
Bi
 
12
(S,Se)
 
27
5.6.32Kirkiite
Pb
 
10
Bi
 
3
As
 
3
S
 
19
5.6.33Ustarasite
Pb(Bi,Sb)
 
6
S
 
10
(?)

Other Names for Giessenite

Synonyms:
IMA1963-004
Other Languages:
German:Giessenit
Simplified Chinese:针辉铋铅矿
Spanish:Giessenita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Giessenite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist: 50: 264.

American Mineralogist: 72: 229.

Internet Links for Giessenite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Giessenite on Google
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  • External Links:
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  • Look for Giessenite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Giessenite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Giessenite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Giessenite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Santa Cruz
      • Macizo del Deseado
    Jovic, S.M., Guido, D.M., Schalamuk, I.B., Ríos, F.J., Tassinari, C.C.G., Recio. C. (2011): Pingüino In-bearing polymetallic vein deposit, Deseado Massif, Patagonia, Argentina: characteristics of mineralization and ore-forming fluids. Mineralium Deposita, 46, 257-271.
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Goldberg group
          • Kleine Fleiß valley
            • Zirmsee area
    Bergbau in Westkärnten
        • Malta valley
          • Kölnbreinspitze - Lausnock area
    A.Pichler (2009)
    Pichler, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. - Carinthia II, 63. Sh., 416 S., Klagenfurt
      • Koralpe
        • Moschkogel - Weinebene area
          • Brandrücken
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    China
     
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Hechi Prefecture
        • Nandan Co.
          • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
    Pašava, J., Kříbek, B., Dobeš, P., Vavřín, I., Žák, K., Fan Delian, Zhang Tao, and Boiron, M.-C. (2003): Mineralium Deposita 38(1), 39-66.
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Lhasa Prefecture
        • Maizhokunggar Co. (Mozhugongka Co.)
    Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
    Italy
     
    • Tuscany
      • Lucca Province
        • Apuan Alps
          • Seravezza
    Orlandi, P. (2007). Seit uber 2000 Jahren: Marmorabbau in der Toskana. Geologie und Mineralien der Apuaner Alpen. Die Mineralien der Marmor-gebiete rund um Carrara, bei Massa und der Versilia. Lapis, 7/8, 15-58. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu region
        • Yamanashi prefecture
          • Kinpuzan district
            • Kofu City
    Mineralogical Journal Vol. 20 (1998) , No. 4 pp 179-187
    Norway
     
    • Nordland
      • Ballangen
    Karup-Møller, S. (1973): A giessenite-cosalite-galena-bearing mineral suite from the Bjørkåsen sulphide deposit at Ofoten in Northern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 53: 41-64
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
        • Czarnów
          • Rędziny
    Gołębiowska B., Pieczka A., Parafiniuk J. 2006: Cu(Ag)-Pb-Bi(Sb) sulphosalts from Rędziny (Western Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 78-80
    Romania
     
    • Maramureș Co.
      • Baia Borsa
    Nigel G. Cook : "Bismuth Sulphosalts from Hydrothermal Vein Deposits of Neogen Age, N.W. Romania, Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. , 143, 1998 / Lecture to the Austrian Mineralogical Society, 23rd June 1997, Salzburg.
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Brezno Co.
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    Pršek J. & Ozdín D., 2004: Nuffieldit Pb2Cu(Pb,Bi)Bi2S7 z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 273-278.
        • Jarabá
    Ozdín, D., Pršek, J. (2004): Sulfosoli homologického radu lillianitu z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 279-285.
    • Košice Region
      • Rožňava Co.
        • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
    Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002:Nejznámejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 136p
    Sweden
     
    • Närke
      • Askersund
        • Hammar
    Handbook of Mineralogy
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Binn Valley
        • Giessen
    Schweiz.Min.Petr.Mitt.(1963) 43, 471-478
      • Martigny
        • Mont Chemin
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 182.
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