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Giessenite

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Turschi dolomite deposit, Giessen, Binntal, Wallis, Switzerland

Turtschi, Giessen, Binn Valley, Wallis, Switzerland
Formula:
Pb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Greyish-black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
Name:
For the type locality.
This page provides mineralogical data about Giessenite.

Classification of Giessenite

Approved
2.HB.10b

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
B : With Cu, Ag, Fe, Sn and Pb
3.5.12.2

3 : SULFOSALTS
5 : 2.5 < ø < 3
5.6.27

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone
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Type Occurrence of Giessenite

Year of Discovery:
1963
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Hydrothermal

Physical Properties of Giessenite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Greyish-black
Streak:
Grayish black
Hardness (Mohs):
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN100=65
Density:
7.45 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Giessenite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 34.62(3) Å, b = 38.18(5) Å, c = 4.080(8) Å
β = 90.33(5)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.907 : 1 : 0.107
Unit Cell Volume:
V 5,392.82 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Fine needles to 1.5mm
Twinning:
Intimately on (100)

Chemical Properties of Giessenite

Formula:
Pb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Fe

Relationship of Giessenite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Izoklakeite (see here)
2.HB.05aAikinitePbCuBiS3
2.HB.05aFriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18
2.HB.05aGladitePbCuBi5S9
2.HB.05aHammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9
2.HB.05cJaskólskiitePb2+xCux(Sb,Bi)2-xS6 (x = 0.2)
2.HB.05aKrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
2.HB.05aLindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15
2.HB.05bMeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
2.HB.05aPekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18
2.HB.05aEmilitePb2.7Cu2.7Bi5.3S12
2.HB.05UM2000-46-S:BiCuPbCu0.33Pb0.33Bi7.67S12
2.HB.05aSalzburgitePb1.6Cu1.6Bi6.4S12
2.HB.05UM1990-54-Se:BiCuPbCuPb(Ni,Co)0.3Bi3Se6
2.HB.05aPaaritePb1.7Cu1.7Bi6.3S12
2.HB.10cEclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
2.HB.10bIzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57
2.HB.10aKobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
2.HB.10aTintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
2.HB.15BenavidesitePb4MnSb6S14
2.HB.15JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
2.HB.20dBerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
2.HB.20bBuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3
2.HB.20aNagyágite[Pb3(Pb,Sb)3S6](Au,Te)3
2.HB.20eWatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8
2.HB.20cMuseumite[Pb2(Pb,Sb)2S8][(Te,Au)2]
2.HB.20eLitochlebiteAg2PbBi4Se8
5.6.1SartoritePbAs2S4
5.6.2DufrénoysitePb2As2S5
5.6.3LiveingitePb9As13S28
5.6.4BaumhaueritePb12As16S36
5.6.5GratonitePb9As4S15
5.6.6JordanitePb14(As,Sb)6S23
5.6.7FülöppitePb3Sb8S15
5.6.8ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
5.6.9PlagionitePb5Sb8S17
5.6.10HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19
5.6.11LaunayiteCuPb10(Sb,As)12S20
5.6.12PlayfairitePb16(Sb,As)19S44Cl
5.6.13SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
5.6.14MadocitePb19(Sb,As)16S43
5.6.15BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
5.6.17RobinsonitePb4Sb6S13
5.6.18GuettarditePbAsSbS4
5.6.19Twinnite Pb0.8Tl0.1Sb1.3As0.8S4
5.6.20VeenitePb2(Sb,As)2S5
5.6.21SorbyiteCuPb9(Sb,As)11S26
5.6.22GeocronitePb14(Sb,As)6S23
5.6.23GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
5.6.24CosalitePb2Bi2S5
5.6.25CannizzaritePb4Bi6S13
5.6.26LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29XilingolitePb3Bi2S6
5.6.30WeibullitePb5Bi8Se7S11
5.6.31WittitePb9Bi12(S,Se)27
5.6.32KirkiitePb10Bi3As3S19
5.6.33UstarasitePb(Bi,Sb)6S10 (?)

Other Names for Giessenite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Giessenit
Simplified Chinese:针辉铋铅矿
Spanish:Giessenita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Giessenite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist: 50: 264.

American Mineralogist: 72: 229.

Internet Links for Giessenite

Localities for Giessenite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Santa Cruz
    • Macizo del Deseado
Jovic, S.M., Guido, D.M., Schalamuk, I.B., Ríos, F.J., Tassinari, C.C.G., Recio. C. (2011): Pingüino In-bearing polymetallic vein deposit, Deseado Massif, Patagonia, Argentina: characteristics of mineralization and ore-forming fluids. Mineralium Deposita, 46, 257-271.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Goldberg group
        • Kleine Fleiß valley
          • Zirmsee area
Bergbau in Westkärnten
      • Malta valley
        • Kölnbreinspitze - Lausnock area
A.Pichler (2009)
Pichler, A. (2009): Bergbau in Westkärnten. Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Westkärnten. - Carinthia II, 63. Sh., 416 S., Klagenfurt
    • Koralpe
      • Moschkogel - Weinebene area
        • Brandrücken
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Hechi Prefecture
      • Nandan Co.
        • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
Pašava, J., Kříbek, B., Dobeš, P., Vavřín, I., Žák, K., Fan Delian, Zhang Tao, and Boiron, M.-C. (2003): Mineralium Deposita 38(1), 39-66.
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Lhasa Prefecture
      • Maizhokunggar Co. (Mozhugongka Co.)
Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Seravezza
Orlandi, P. (2007). Seit uber 2000 Jahren: Marmorabbau in der Toskana. Geologie und Mineralien der Apuaner Alpen. Die Mineralien der Marmor-gebiete rund um Carrara, bei Massa und der Versilia. Lapis, 7/8, 15-58. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu region
      • Yamanashi prefecture
        • Kinpuzan district
          • Kofu City
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 20 (1998) , No. 4 pp 179-187
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Ballangen
Karup-Møller, S. (1973): A giessenite-cosalite-galena-bearing mineral suite from the Bjørkåsen sulphide deposit at Ofoten in Northern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 53: 41-64
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Czarnów
        • Rędziny
Gołębiowska B., Pieczka A., Parafiniuk J. 2006: Cu(Ag)-Pb-Bi(Sb) sulphosalts from Rędziny (Western Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 78-80
Romania
 
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Baia Borsa
Nigel G. Cook : "Bismuth Sulphosalts from Hydrothermal Vein Deposits of Neogen Age, N.W. Romania, Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. , 143, 1998 / Lecture to the Austrian Mineralogical Society, 23rd June 1997, Salzburg.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Pršek J. & Ozdín D., 2004: Nuffieldit Pb2Cu(Pb,Bi)Bi2S7 z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 273-278.
      • Jarabá
Ozdín, D., Pršek, J. (2004): Sulfosoli homologického radu lillianitu z hydrotermálnych mineralizácií Nízkych Tatier. Mineralia Slovaca, 36, 3-4, 279-285.
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002:Nejznámejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 136p
Sweden
 
  • Närke
    • Askersund
      • Hammar
Handbook of Mineralogy
Switzerland (TL)
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Giessen
Schweiz.Min.Petr.Mitt.(1963) 43, 471-478
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 182.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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