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Gismondine-Ca

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Formula:
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
· 4H
 
2
O
Member of:Zeolite Group


At present (2006) the name approved by IMA CNMNC (after Zeolites Subcommittee) is simply gismondine.
All gismondines found and studied over almost two centuries were calcium-dominant.
Recently, a barium-dominant gismondine, "gismondine-Ba" has been discovered in slag material (of course not approved, as valid species, by IMA CNMNC). Therefore, in keeping with the recommendation of the Zeolite Subcommittee, "gismondine" acquired the status of series, and any individual species has to be denoted now with the suffix for the dominant extra-framework cation (e.g., gismondine-Ca, gismondine-Ba).

Classification of Gismondine-Ca

IMA status:Approved 1817
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/0.0-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.GC.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
C : Chains of doubly-connected 4-membered rings
Hey's CIM Ref.:16.9.25

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
9 : Aluminosilicates of Ca
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Chemical Properties of Gismondine-Ca

Formula:
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
· 4H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:CaAl2Si2O8·4H2O
Essential elements:Al, Ca, H, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Al, Ca, H, O, Si

Relationship of Gismondine-Ca to other Species

Member of:Zeolite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Alflarsenite
NaCa
 
2
Be
 
3
Si
 
4
O
 
13
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
Amicite
K
 
2
Na
 
2
Al
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
Ammonioleucite
(NH
 
4
,K)(AlSi
 
2
O
 
6
)
Analcime
Na
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
Barrerite
(Na,K,Ca
 
0.5
)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
] · 7H
 
2
O
Beaumontite (of Lévy)
Bellbergite
(K,Ba,Sr)
 
2
Sr
 
2
Ca
 
2
(Ca,Na)
 
4
[Al
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
]
 
6
· 30H
 
2
O
Bikitaite
LiAlSi
 
2
O
 
6
· H
 
2
O
Boggsite
Ca
 
8
Na
 
3
(Si,Al)
 
96
O
 
192
· 70H
 
2
O
Brewsterite
Brewsterite-Ba
(Ba,Sr)[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
Brewsterite-Sr
(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chabazite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
,Sr,Mg)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Levyne Subgroup
Chabazite-Mg
(Mg
 
0.7
K
 
0.5
Ca
 
0.5
Na
 
0.1
)[Al
 
3
Si
 
9
O
 
24
]·10H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca,Sr,Mg)
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chabazite-Sr
Sr
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Chiavennite
CaMnBe
 
2
Si
 
5
O
 
13
(OH)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
Clinoptilolite-Ca
(Ca,Na,K)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Clinoptilolite-K
(K,Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Clinoptilolite-Na
(Na,K,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Cowlesite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 6H
 
2
O
Dachiardite-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
,K
 
2
)
 
5
Al
 
10
Si
 
38
O
 
96
· 25H
 
2
O
Dachiardite-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)
 
5
Al
 
10
Si
 
38
O
 
96
· 25H
 
2
O
Direnzoite
NaK
 
6
MgCa
 
2
(Al
 
13
Si
 
47
O
 
120
) · 36H
 
2
O
Edingtonite
Ba[Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
] · 4H
 
2
O
Epistilbite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
Erionite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
)
 
2
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
] · 15H
 
2
O
Erionite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
)
 
2
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
] · 15H
 
2
O
Erionite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca)
 
2
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
] · 15H
 
2
O
Faujasite Subgroup
Faujasite-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
,Mg)
 
3.5
[Al
 
7
Si
 
17
O
 
48
] · 32H
 
2
O
Faujasite-Mg
(Mg,Na
 
2
,Ca)
 
3.5
[Al
 
7
Si
 
17
O
 
48
] · 32H
 
2
O
Faujasite-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca,Mg)
 
3.5
[Al
 
7
Si
 
17
O
 
48
] · 32H
 
2
O
Ferrierite
Ferrierite-K
(K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Mg,Ca)
 
3-5
Mg[Al
 
5-7
Si
 
27.5-31
O
 
72
] · 18H
 
2
O
Ferrierite-Mg
(Mg,Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca)
 
3-5
Mg[Al
 
5-7
Si
 
27.5-31
O
 
72
] · 18H
 
2
O
Ferrierite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Mg,Ca)
 
3-5
Mg[Al
 
5-7
Si
 
27.5-31
O
 
72
] · 18H
 
2
O
Ferrochiavennite
Ca
 
1-2
Fe[(Si,Al,Be)
 
5
Be
 
2
O
 
13
(OH)
 
2
]•2H
 
2
O
Flörkeite
(K
 
3
Ca
 
2
Na)[Al
 
8
Si
 
8
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
Garronite
Na
 
2
Ca
 
5
Al
 
12
Si
 
20
O
 
64
· 27H
 
2
O
Gaultite
Na
 
4
Zn
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
· 5H
 
2
O
Gismondine
Gismondine-Ba
Ba
 
2
Al
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
16
· 4-6H
 
2
O
Gmelinite
Gmelinite-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Gmelinite-K
(K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Ca)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Gmelinite-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Gobbinsite
Na
 
4
(Ca,Mg,K
 
2
)Al
 
6
Si
 
10
O
 
32
· 12H
 
2
O
Gonnardite
(Na,Ca)
 
2
(Si,Al)
 
5
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
Goosecreekite
Ca[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
Gottardiite
Na
 
3
Mg
 
3
Ca
 
5
Al
 
19
Si
 
117
O
 
272
· 93H
 
2
O
Harmotome
(Ba
 
0.5
,Ca
 
0.5
,K,Na)
 
5
[Al
 
5
Si
 
11
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Ba
(Ba,Ca,K,Na,Sr)
 
5
Al
 
9
Si
 
27
O
 
72
· 22H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Ca
(Ca,Na)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-K
(K,Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Na
(Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Heulandite-Sr
(Sr,Na,Ca)
 
2-3
Al
 
3
(Al,Si)
 
2
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 12H
 
2
O
Hsianghualite
Ca
 
3
Li
 
2
(Be
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
)F
 
2
Kirchhoffite
Cs(BSi
 
2
O
 
6
)
Laumontite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
· 4H
 
2
O
Leucite
K(AlSi
 
2
O
 
6
)
Lévyne
Lévyne-Ca
(Ca,Na
 
2
,K
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Lévyne-Na
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 6H
 
2
O
Lovdarite
K
 
2
Na
 
6
Be
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
•9H
 
2
O
Maricopaite
Pb
 
7
Ca
 
2
(Si,Al)
 
48
O
 
100
· 32H
 
2
O
Mazzite-Mg
(Mg,K,Ca)
 
5
(Si
 
26
Al
 
10
)O
 
72
· 28H
 
2
O
Mazzite-Na
Na
 
4
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
]
 
2
· 30H
 
2
O
Merlinoite
(K,Na)
 
5
(Ca,Ba)
 
2
Al
 
9
Si
 
23
O
 
64
· 23H
 
2
O
Mesolite
Na
 
2
Ca
 
2
Si
 
9
Al
 
6
O
 
30
· 8H
 
2
O
Montesommaite
(K,Na)
 
9
Al
 
9
Si
 
23
O
 
64
· 10H
 
2
O
Mordenite
(Na
 
2
,Ca,K
 
2
)Al
 
2
Si
 
10
O
 
24
· 7H
 
2
O
Mutinaite
Na
 
3
Ca
 
4
Si
 
85
Al
 
11
O
 
192
· 60H
 
2
O
Nabesite
Na
 
2
BeSi
 
4
O
 
10
· 4H
 
2
O
Natrolite
Na
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 2H
 
2
O
Natrolite Subgroup
Offretite
KCaMgAl
 
5
Si
 
13
O
 
36
· 16H
 
2
O or near
Pahasapaite
Li
 
8
(Ca,Li,K)
 
10.5
Be
 
24
(PO
 
4
)
 
24
· 38H
 
2
O
Paranatrolite
Na
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
Parthéite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
· 2H
 
2
O
Paulingite
Paulingite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O
Paulingite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O
Paulingite-Na
(Na
 
2
,K
 
2
,Ca,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O
Perlialite
K
 
9
Na(Ca,Sr)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
6
· 15H
 
2
O
Phillipsite-Ca
(Ca
 
0.5
,K,Na,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
.
 
12H2O
Phillipsite-K
(K,Na,Ca
 
0.5
,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
]
.
 
12H
 
2
O
Phillipsite-Na
(Na,K,Ca
 
0.5
,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
Pollucite
(Cs,Na)
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
Roggianite
Ca
 
2
Be(OH)
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
13
· 2.5H
 
2
O
Scolecite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
Stellerite
Ca[Al
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
] · 7H
 
2
O
Stilbite-Ca
NaCa
 
4
[Al
 
9
Si
 
27
O
 
72
] · nH
 
2
O
Stilbite-Na
(Na,Ca,K)
 
6-7
[Al
 
8
Si
 
28
O
 
72
] · nH
 
2
O
Strontiohurlbutite
SrBe
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
Terranovaite
(Na,Ca)
 
8
(Si
 
68
Al
 
12
)O
 
160
· 29H
 
2
O
Tetranatrolite
Thomsonite-Ca
NaCa
 
2
[Al
 
5
Si
 
5
O
 
20
] · 6H
 
2
O
Thomsonite-Sr
Na(Sr,Ca)
 
2
[Al
 
5
Si
 
5
O
 
20
] · 7H
 
2
O
Tschernichite
(Ca,Na
 
2
)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
] · 4-8H
 
2
O
Tschörtnerite
Ca
 
4
(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)
 
3
Cu
 
3
[(OH)
 
2
|Al
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
]
 
4
· nH
 
2
O
Wairakite
Ca(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
Weinebeneite
CaBe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Wenkite
(Ba,K)
 
4
(Ca,Na)
 
6
[(SO
 
4
)
 
3
|(Si,Al)
 
20
O
 
39
(OH)
 
2
] · 0.5H
 
2
O
Willhendersonite
KCa[Al
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
] · 5H
 
2
O
Yugawaralite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 4H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.GC.05Amicite
K
 
2
Na
 
2
Al
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
9.GC.05Garronite
Na
 
2
Ca
 
5
Al
 
12
Si
 
20
O
 
64
· 27H
 
2
O
9.GC.05Gobbinsite
Na
 
4
(Ca,Mg,K
 
2
)Al
 
6
Si
 
10
O
 
32
· 12H
 
2
O
9.GC.10Harmotome
(Ba
 
0.5
,Ca
 
0.5
,K,Na)
 
5
[Al
 
5
Si
 
11
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
9.GC.10Phillipsite-Ca
(Ca
 
0.5
,K,Na,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
.
 
12H2O
9.GC.10Phillipsite-K
(K,Na,Ca
 
0.5
,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
]
.
 
12H
 
2
O
9.GC.10Phillipsite-Na
(Na,K,Ca
 
0.5
,Ba
 
0.5
)
 
4-7
[Al
 
4-7
Si
 
12-9
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
9.GC.10Flörkeite
(K
 
3
Ca
 
2
Na)[Al
 
8
Si
 
8
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
9.GC.15Merlinoite
(K,Na)
 
5
(Ca,Ba)
 
2
Al
 
9
Si
 
23
O
 
64
· 23H
 
2
O
9.GC.20Mazzite-Mg
(Mg,K,Ca)
 
5
(Si
 
26
Al
 
10
)O
 
72
· 28H
 
2
O
9.GC.20Mazzite-Na
Na
 
4
[Al
 
4
Si
 
14
O
 
36
]
 
2
· 30H
 
2
O
9.GC.25Perlialite
K
 
9
Na(Ca,Sr)[Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
6
· 15H
 
2
O
9.GC.30Boggsite
Ca
 
8
Na
 
3
(Si,Al)
 
96
O
 
192
· 70H
 
2
O
9.GC.35Paulingite-Ca
(Ca,K
 
2
,Na
 
2
,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O
9.GC.35Paulingite-K
(K
 
2
,Ca,Na
 
2
,Ba)
 
5
[Al
 
10
Si
 
35
O
 
90
] · 45H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
16.9.1Gehlenite
Ca
 
2
Al(AlSiO
 
7
)
16.9.2Anorthite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
16.9.3Yoshiokaite
(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O
 
4
]
16.9.4Svyatoslavite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
16.9.5Dmisteinbergite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
16.9.6Grossular
Ca
 
3
Al
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
16.9.7Vuagnatite
CaAl(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
16.9.8Zoisite
{Ca
 
2
}{Al
 
3
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
16.9.9Clinozoisite
{Ca
 
2
}{Al
 
3
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
16.9.10Prehnite
Ca
 
2
Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
(OH)
 
2
16.9.11Kamaishilite
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
2
SiO
 
6
)(OH)
 
2
16.9.12Bicchulite
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
2
SiO
 
6
)(OH)
 
2
16.9.13Margarite
CaAl
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
16.9.14Chantalite
CaAl
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
16.9.15Cebollite
Ca
 
5
Al
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
4
16.9.17Katoite
Ca
 
3
Al
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3-x
(OH)
 
4x
16.9.18Lawsonite
CaAl
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
16.9.19Parthéite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
· 2H
 
2
O
16.9.20Wairakite
Ca(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
) · 2H
 
2
O
16.9.21Vertumnite
Ca
 
4
Al
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
6
(OH)
 
24
· 3H
 
2
O
16.9.22Scolecite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 3H
 
2
O
16.9.23Laumontite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
12
· 4H
 
2
O
16.9.24Yugawaralite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 4H
 
2
O
16.9.26Epistilbite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
16.9.27Goosecreekite
Ca[Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
] · 5H
 
2
O
16.9.28Cowlesite
CaAl
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
· 6H
 
2
O
16.9.30Stellerite
Ca[Al
 
2
Si
 
7
O
 
18
] · 7H
 
2
O
16.9.31Strätlingite
Ca
 
2
Al
 
2
SiO
 
7
· 8H
 
2
O
16.9.32Amstallite
CaAl(Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
8
(OH)
 
4
· (H
 
2
O,Cl)

Other Names for Gismondine-Ca

Synonyms:
Aricite
Other Languages:
German:Aricit
Spanish:Aricita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Gismondine-Ca

Reference List:

- +
Von Leonhard, K.C. (1817): Die Zeagonit, ein neues Mineral vom Capo di Bove bei Rom. Taschenbuch für die gesammte Mineralogie, 11, 164-168.

Gismondi, C.G. (1817): Osservazioni sopra alcuni fossili particolari de’ contorni di Roma. Giornale Enciclopedico di Napoli, 2/11, 3-15.

Walker, G.P.L. (1962): Low-potash gismondine from Ireland and Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 33, 187-201.

Fischer, K. (1963): The crystal structure determination of the zeolite gismondite. CaAl2Si2O8•4H2O. American Mineralogist, 48, 664-672.

Vezzalini, G. & Oberti, R. (1984): The crystal chemistry of gismondines; the non-existence of K-rich gismondines. Bulletin de Minéralogie, 107, 805-812.

Artioli, G., Rinaldi, R., Kvick, A., Smith, J.V. (1986): Neutron diffraction structure refinement of the zeolite gismondine at 15 K. Zeolites, 6, 361-366.

Rinaldi, R. & Vezzalini, G. (1986): Gismondine: the detailed X-ray structure refinement of two natural samples. In "Zeolites: Synthesis, Structure, Technology and Application", B. Drzaj, S. Hocevar, S. Pejovnik, eds. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 481-492.

Yoshida, A. (1995): The problems of identifications of phillipsite and gismondine crystal structures and X-ray diffraction patterns. Clay Science, 9, 275-284.

Coombs, D.S., Alberti, A., Armbruster, T., Artioli, G., Colella, C., Galli, E., Grice, J.D., Liebau, F., Mandarino, J.A., Minato, H., Nickel, E.H., Passaglia, E., Peacor, D.R., Quartieri, S., Rinaldi, R., Ross, M., Sheppard, R.A., Tillmanns, E., Vezzalini, G. (1997): Recommended nomenclature for zeolites minerals - Report of the Subcommittee on Zeolites of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names. [Review]. Canadian Mineralogist, 35, 1571-1606.

Internet Links for Gismondine-Ca

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
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  • Localities for Gismondine-Ca

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Styria
      • Frohnleiten
        • Kirchdorf
    Kolitsch, U. et al. (2008)
    Canada
     
    • Québec
      • Laurentides
        • Argenteuil RCM
          • Wentworth
            • Laurel
    TARASSOFF, P., HORVÁTH, L. and PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2006) Famous mineral localities: the Francon quarry, Montréal, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 37, 5-60.
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    HORVÁTH, L. & GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359].
      • Montréal
    TARASSOFF, P., HORVÁTH, L. and PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2006) Famous mineral localities: the Francon quarry, Montréal, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 37, 5-60.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Ústí Region
        • Děčín (Tetschen)
    Rychlý, R., Bárta, J., Fišera, V. (1980): Nové nálezy gismondinu na Děčínsku. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, roč. 25, č. 1, s. 69-72.
    No reference listed
    France
     
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Loire
        • Montbrison
          • Verrières-en-Forez
    Lacroix A. (1893) - Minéralogie de la France et des ses colonies, Volume 2, p. 323
    Germany
     
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Daun
          • Üdersdorf
    Schüller, W., Betz, V., Die Mineralien vom Emmelberg, Lapis 12/1986
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
        • Gerolstein
          • Birresborn
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
          • Rockeskyll
            • Rockeskyll volcanic complex
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
        • Hillesheim
    Hentschel, G., Die Lavaströme der Graulai: eine neue Fundstelle in der Westeifel, Lapis, Weise Verlag München, 09/1993
          • Zilsdorf
    Hentschel, G., Begleitmineralien des Basaltes vom Arensberg bei Zilsdorf/Eifel, Notizbl. Hess. L.-Amt Bodenforsch., 101, 310-316, 1973
        • Mayen
          • Ettringen
            • Bellerberg volcano
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Aufschluß 26, 65-87, 1975
              • Southern lava flow
                • Mayener Feld
    Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J., Simmons, W.B., Tillmanns, E., Fischer, R.X., (1984): Willhendersonite, a new zeolite isostructural with chabazite, Amer. Mineral. 69, 186-189
        • Mendig
          • Bell
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
        • Niederzissen
          • Brenk
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
          • Hannebach
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
    Italy
     
    • Campania
      • Naples Province
        • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
          • Mt Vesuvius
            • Terzigno
    Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
    • Latium
      • Rome Province
        • Alban Hills
    Christof Schäfer
    Mexico
     
    • Zacatecas
      • Mun. de Concepción del Oro
    New Zealand
     
    • North Island
      • Northland
        • Kaipara
          • Aranga
    Rod Martin personal collection
    • South Island
      • Otago
        • Dunedin
    Graham, I.T. , Pogson, R.E., Colchester, D.M. & Baines, A. (2003) Zeolite crystal habits , composition, and paragenesis; Blackhead Quarry, Dunedin, New Zealand - Mineralogical Magazine, 67, 625-737
    Spain
     
    • Castile-La Mancha
      • Ciudad Real
    Calvo, M., Calvo Sevillano, G., Viñals, J. y Sanz, A. (2010). Presencia de ettringita y thaumasita en vacuolas de los basaltos del Campo de Calatrava (Ciudad Real). Macla, 11, 53-54.
          • Almagro
    JRGL collection
    UK
     
    • Northern Ireland
      • Co. Antrim
        • Ballyclare
    Mineralogical Magazine 1962 33 : 187-201.; Peter Francis (1972) The Occurrence of Native Copper in the Tertiary Basalts of Co. Antrim. The Irish Naturalists' Journal 17:274-276
    No reference listed
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Maricopa Co.
    • Hawaii
      • Honolulu Co.
        • Oahu Island
    No reference listed
    American Mineralogist (1969) 54:182-197
      • Kauai Co.
        • Kauai Island
    Handbook of Mineralogy
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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