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Gismondine-Ca

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Formula:
CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Member of:
At present (2006) the name approved by IMA CNMNC (after Zeolites Subcommittee) is simply gismondine.
All gismondines found and studied over almost two centuries were calcium-dominant.
Recently, a barium-dominant gismondine, "gismondine-Ba" has been discovered in slag material (of course not approved, as valid species, by IMA CNMNC). Therefore, in keeping with the recommendation of the Zeolite Subcommittee, "gismondine" acquired the status of series, and any individual species has to be denoted now with the suffix for the dominant extra-framework cation (e.g., gismondine-Ca, gismondine-Ba).

Classification of Gismondine-Ca

Approved 1817
9.GC.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
C : Chains of doubly-connected 4-membered rings
16.9.25

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
9 : Aluminosilicates of Ca
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Chemical Properties of Gismondine-Ca

Formula:
CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Gismondine-Ca to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
AlflarseniteNaCa2Be3Si4O13(OH) · 2H2O
AmiciteK2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2O
Ammonioleucite(NH4,K)(AlSi2O6)
AnalcimeNa2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
Barrerite(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2O
Beaumontite (of Lévy)
Bellbergite(K,Ba,Sr)2Sr2Ca2(Ca,Na)4[Al3Si3O12]6 · 30H2O
BikitaiteLiAlSi2O6 · H2O
BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2O
Brewsterite
Brewsterite-Ba(Ba,Sr)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Brewsterite-Sr(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-Levyne Subgroup
Chabazite-Mg(Mg0.7K0.5Ca0.5Na0.1)[Al3Si9O24]·10H2O
Chabazite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chabazite-SrSr2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
ChiavenniteCaMnBe2Si5O13(OH)2 · 2H2O
Clinoptilolite-Ca(Ca,Na,K)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Clinoptilolite-Na(Na,K,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Dachiardite-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
DirenzoiteNaK6MgCa2(Al13Si47O120) · 36H2O
EdingtoniteBa[Al2Si3O10] · 4H2O
EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Erionite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Erionite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
Faujasite Subgroup
Faujasite-Ca(Ca,Na2,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Mg(Mg,Na2,Ca)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Faujasite-Na(Na2,Ca,Mg)3.5[Al7Si17O48] · 32H2O
Ferrierite
Ferrierite-K(K2,Na2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrierite-Mg(Mg,Na2,K2,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
Ferrierite-Na(Na2,K2,Mg,Ca)3-5Mg[Al5-7Si27.5-31O72] · 18H2O
FerrochiavenniteCa1-2Fe[(Si,Al,Be)5Be2O13(OH)2]•2H2O
Flörkeite(K3Ca2Na)[Al8Si8O32] · 12H2O
GarroniteNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
GaultiteNa4Zn2Si7O18 · 5H2O
Gismondine
Gismondine-BaBa2Al4Si4O16 · 4-6H2O
Gmelinite
Gmelinite-Ca(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Gmelinite-K(K2,Na2,Ca)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Gmelinite-Na(Na2,Ca)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
GobbinsiteNa4(Ca,Mg,K2)Al6Si10O32 · 12H2O
Gonnardite(Na,Ca)2(Si,Al)5O10 · 3H2O
GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
GottardiiteNa3Mg3Ca5Al19Si117O272 · 93H2O
Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Heulandite-Ba(Ba,Ca,K,Na,Sr)5Al9Si27O72 · 22H2O
Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-K(K,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36 · 12H2O
HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
KirchhoffiteCs(BSi2O6)
LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Lévyne
Lévyne-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
LovdariteK2Na6Be4Si14O36•9H2O
MaricopaitePb7Ca2(Si,Al)48O100 · 32H2O
Mazzite-Mg(Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2O
Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Montesommaite(K,Na)9Al9Si23O64 · 10H2O
Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)Al2Si10O24 · 7H2O
MutinaiteNa3Ca4Si85Al11O192 · 60H2O
NabesiteNa2BeSi4O10 · 4H2O
NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Natrolite Subgroup
OffretiteKCaMgAl5Si13O36 · 16H2O or near
PahasapaiteLi8(Ca,Li,K)10.5Be24(PO4)24 · 38H2O
ParanatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 3H2O
ParthéiteCaAl2Si2O8 · 2H2O
Paulingite
Paulingite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
Paulingite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
Paulingite-Na(Na2,K2,Ca,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2O
Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2O
Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
Pollucite(Cs,Na)2(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2O
StrontiohurlbutiteSrBe2(PO4)2
Terranovaite(Na,Ca)8(Si68Al12)O160 · 29H2O
Tetranatrolite
Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Thomsonite-SrNa(Sr,Ca)2[Al5Si5O20] · 7H2O
Tschernichite(Ca,Na2)[Al2Si4O12] · 4-8H2O
TschörtneriteCa4(Ca,Sr,K,Ba)3Cu3[(OH)2|Al3Si3O12]4 · nH2O
WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
WeinebeneiteCaBe3(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
Wenkite(Ba,K)4(Ca,Na)6[(SO4)3|(Si,Al)20O39(OH)2] · 0.5H2O
WillhendersoniteKCa[Al3Si3O12] · 5H2O
YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
9.GC.05AmiciteK2Na2Al4Si4O16 · 5H2O
9.GC.05GarroniteNa2Ca5Al12Si20O64 · 27H2O
9.GC.05GobbinsiteNa4(Ca,Mg,K2)Al6Si10O32 · 12H2O
9.GC.10Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
9.GC.10Phillipsite-Ca(Ca0.5,K,Na,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32 . 12H2O
9.GC.10Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
9.GC.10Phillipsite-Na(Na,K,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] · 12H2O
9.GC.10Flörkeite(K3Ca2Na)[Al8Si8O32] · 12H2O
9.GC.15Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
9.GC.20Mazzite-Mg(Mg,K,Ca)5(Si26Al10)O72 · 28H2O
9.GC.20Mazzite-NaNa8[Al4Si14O36]2 · 30H2O
9.GC.25PerlialiteK9Na(Ca,Sr)[Al2Si4O12]6 · 15H2O
9.GC.30BoggsiteCa8Na3(Si,Al)96O192 · 70H2O
9.GC.35Paulingite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
9.GC.35Paulingite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Ba)5[Al10Si35O90] · 45H2O
16.9.1GehleniteCa2Al(AlSiO7)
16.9.2AnorthiteCaAl2Si2O8
16.9.3Yoshiokaite(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)O4]
16.9.4SvyatoslaviteCaAl2Si2O8
16.9.5DmisteinbergiteCaAl2Si2O8
16.9.6GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
16.9.7VuagnatiteCaAl(SiO4)(OH)
16.9.8Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
16.9.9Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
16.9.10PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
16.9.11KamaishiliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2
16.9.12BicchuliteCa2(Al2SiO6)(OH)2
16.9.13MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
16.9.14ChantaliteCaAl2(SiO4)(OH)4
16.9.15CebolliteCa5Al2(SiO4)3(OH)4
16.9.17KatoiteCa3Al2(SiO4)3-x(OH)4x
16.9.18LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
16.9.19ParthéiteCaAl2Si2O8 · 2H2O
16.9.20WairakiteCa(Al2Si4O12) · 2H2O
16.9.21VertumniteCa4Al4Si4O6(OH)24 · 3H2O
16.9.22ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
16.9.23LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
16.9.24YugawaraliteCaAl2Si6O16 · 4H2O
16.9.26EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
16.9.27GoosecreekiteCa[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O
16.9.28CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
16.9.30StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
16.9.31SträtlingiteCa2Al2SiO7 · 8H2O
16.9.32AmstalliteCaAl(Si,Al)4O8(OH)4 · (H2O,Cl)

Other Names for Gismondine-Ca

Name in Other Languages:
German:Aricit
Spanish:Aricita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Gismondine-Ca

Reference List:
Von Leonhard, K.C. (1817): Die Zeagonit, ein neues Mineral vom Capo di Bove bei Rom. Taschenbuch für die gesammte Mineralogie, 11, 164-168.

Gismondi, C.G. (1817): Osservazioni sopra alcuni fossili particolari de’ contorni di Roma. Giornale Enciclopedico di Napoli, 2/11, 3-15.

Walker, G.P.L. (1962): Low-potash gismondine from Ireland and Iceland. Mineralogical Magazine, 33, 187-201.

Fischer, K. (1963): The crystal structure determination of the zeolite gismondite. CaAl2Si2O8•4H2O. American Mineralogist, 48, 664-672.

Vezzalini, G. & Oberti, R. (1984): The crystal chemistry of gismondines; the non-existence of K-rich gismondines. Bulletin de Minéralogie, 107, 805-812.

Artioli, G., Rinaldi, R., Kvick, A., Smith, J.V. (1986): Neutron diffraction structure refinement of the zeolite gismondine at 15 K. Zeolites, 6, 361-366.

Rinaldi, R. & Vezzalini, G. (1986): Gismondine: the detailed X-ray structure refinement of two natural samples. In "Zeolites: Synthesis, Structure, Technology and Application", B. Drzaj, S. Hocevar, S. Pejovnik, eds. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 481-492.

Yoshida, A. (1995): The problems of identifications of phillipsite and gismondine crystal structures and X-ray diffraction patterns. Clay Science, 9, 275-284.

Coombs, D.S., Alberti, A., Armbruster, T., Artioli, G., Colella, C., Galli, E., Grice, J.D., Liebau, F., Mandarino, J.A., Minato, H., Nickel, E.H., Passaglia, E., Peacor, D.R., Quartieri, S., Rinaldi, R., Ross, M., Sheppard, R.A., Tillmanns, E., Vezzalini, G. (1997): Recommended nomenclature for zeolites minerals - Report of the Subcommittee on Zeolites of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names. [Review]. Canadian Mineralogist, 35, 1571-1606.

Internet Links for Gismondine-Ca

Localities for Gismondine-Ca

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Frohnleiten
      • Kirchdorf
Kolitsch, U. et al. (2008)
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Argenteuil RCM
        • Wentworth
          • Laurel
TARASSOFF, P., HORVÁTH, L. and PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2006) Famous mineral localities: the Francon quarry, Montréal, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 37, 5-60.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
HORVÁTH, L. & GAULT, R.G. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 284-359].
    • Montréal
TARASSOFF, P., HORVÁTH, L. and PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2006) Famous mineral localities: the Francon quarry, Montréal, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 37, 5-60.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Ústí Region
      • Děčín (Tetschen)
Rychlý, R., Bárta, J., Fišera, V. (1980): Nové nálezy gismondinu na Děčínsku. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, roč. 25, č. 1, s. 69-72.
No reference listed
France
 
  • Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • Montbrison
        • Verrières-en-Forez
Lacroix A. (1893) - Minéralogie de la France et des ses colonies, Volume 2, p. 323
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Daun
        • Üdersdorf
Schüller, W., Betz, V., Die Mineralien vom Emmelberg, Lapis 12/1986
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
      • Gerolstein
        • Birresborn
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
        • Rockeskyll
          • Rockeskyll volcanic complex
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
      • Hillesheim
Hentschel, G., Die Lavaströme der Graulai: eine neue Fundstelle in der Westeifel, Lapis, Weise Verlag München, 09/1993
        • Zilsdorf
Hentschel, G., Begleitmineralien des Basaltes vom Arensberg bei Zilsdorf/Eifel, Notizbl. Hess. L.-Amt Bodenforsch., 101, 310-316, 1973
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der basaltischen Gesteine im Laacher Vulkangebiet, Aufschluß 26, 65-87, 1975
            • Southern lava flow
              • Mayener Feld
Peacor, D.R., Dunn, P.J., Simmons, W.B., Tillmanns, E., Fischer, R.X., (1984): Willhendersonite, a new zeolite isostructural with chabazite, Amer. Mineral. 69, 186-189
      • Mendig
        • Bell
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
      • Niederzissen
        • Brenk
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
        • Hannebach
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
        • Mt Vesuvius
          • Terzigno
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
  • Latium
    • Rome Province
Christof Schäfer
Mexico
 
  • Zacatecas
    • Mun. de Concepción del Oro
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Northland
      • Kaipara
        • Aranga
Rod Martin personal collection
  • South Island
    • Otago
      • Dunedin
Graham, I.T. , Pogson, R.E., Colchester, D.M. & Baines, A. (2003) Zeolite crystal habits , composition, and paragenesis; Blackhead Quarry, Dunedin, New Zealand - Mineralogical Magazine, 67, 625-737
Spain
 
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Ciudad Real
Calvo, M., Calvo Sevillano, G., Viñals, J. y Sanz, A. (2010). Presencia de ettringita y thaumasita en vacuolas de los basaltos del Campo de Calatrava (Ciudad Real). Macla, 11, 53-54.
        • Almagro
JRGL collection
UK
 
  • Northern Ireland
    • Co. Antrim
      • Ballyclare
Mineralogical Magazine 1962 33 : 187-201.; Peter Francis (1972) The Occurrence of Native Copper in the Tertiary Basalts of Co. Antrim. The Irish Naturalists' Journal 17:274-276
No reference listed
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Maricopa Co.
  • Hawaii
    • Honolulu Co.
      • Oahu Island
No reference listed
American Mineralogist (1969) 54:182-197
    • Kauai Co.
      • Kauai Island
Handbook of Mineralogy
Mineral and/or Locality  
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