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Gladite

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Formula:
PbCuBi5S9
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
tin-white to lead-grey
Hardness:
2 - 3
Name:
After the locality, Gladhammar, Sweden.

Classification of Gladite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
2.HB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
B : With Cu, Ag, Fe, Sn and Pb
3.4.5.3

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
5.7.4

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals
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http://www.mindat.org/min-1705.html
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First Recorded Occurrence of Gladite

Year of Discovery:
1924
Geological Setting of First Recorded Material:
Hydrothermal
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Physical Properties of Gladite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
tin-white to lead-grey
Streak:
black
Hardness (Mohs):
2 - 3
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{010} good.
{100} fair
Density:
6.96 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.9 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Gladite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.0044(4) Å, b = 33.575(3) Å, c = 11.480(1) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.119 : 1 : 0.342
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,543.46 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Prismatic [001] to 2cm, lacking terminal faces.
Comment:
SG Pmcn

Chemical Properties of Gladite

Formula:
PbCuBi5S9
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Fe

Relationship of Gladite to other Species

2.HB.05aAikinitePbCuBiS3
2.HB.05aFriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18
2.HB.05aHammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9
2.HB.05cJaskólskiitePb2+xCux(Sb,Bi)2-xS6 (x = 0.2)
2.HB.05aKrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
2.HB.05aLindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15
2.HB.05bMeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
2.HB.05aPekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18
2.HB.05aEmilitePb2.7Cu2.7Bi5.3S12
2.HB.05UM2000-46-S:BiCuPbCu0.33Pb0.33Bi7.67S12
2.HB.05aSalzburgitePb1.6Cu1.6Bi6.4S12
2.HB.05UM1990-54-Se:BiCuPbCuPb(Ni,Co)0.3Bi3Se6
2.HB.05aPaaritePb1.7Cu1.7Bi6.3S12
2.HB.10cEclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
2.HB.10bGiessenitePb27Cu2(Bi,Sb)19S57
2.HB.10bIzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57
2.HB.10aKobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
2.HB.10aTintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
2.HB.15BenavidesitePb4MnSb6S14
2.HB.15JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
2.HB.20dBerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
2.HB.20bBuckhorniteAuPb2BiTe2S3
2.HB.20aNagyágitePb5Au(Te,Sb)4S5-8
2.HB.20eWatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8
2.HB.20cMuseumite[Pb2(Pb,Sb)2S8][(Te,Au)2]
2.HB.20eLitochlebiteAg2PbBi4Se8
5.7.1SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
5.7.2BournonitePbCuSbS3
5.7.3MeneghinitePb13CuSb7S24
5.7.5LindströmitePb3Cu3Bi7S15
5.7.6KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
5.7.7HammaritePb2Cu2Bi4S9
5.7.8FriedrichitePb5Cu5Bi7S18
5.7.9AikinitePbCuBiS3
5.7.10NuffielditeCu1.4Pb2.4Bi2.4Sb0.2S7
5.7.11JaskólskiitePb2+xCux(Sb,Bi)2-xS6 (x = 0.2)
5.7.12TintinaitePb22Cu4(Sb,Bi)30S69
5.7.13KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
5.7.14ProuditeCuPb7.5Bi9.33(S,Se)22
5.7.15NordströmiteCuPb3Bi7(Se4S10)
5.7.16WatkinsoniteCu2PbBi4(Se,S,Te)8
5.7.17PekoitePbCuBi11(S,Se)18
5.7.18PetroviciteCu3HgPbBiSe5
5.7.19Eclarite(Cu,Fe)Pb9Bi12S28
5.7.20MarriteAgPbAsS3
5.7.21Baumhauerite-2aPb11Ag(As,Sb)18S36
5.7.22AndoritePbAgSb3S6
5.7.23Ramdohrite(Cd,Mn,Fe)Ag5.5Pb12Sb21.5S48
5.7.24RoshchiniteAg19Pb10Sb51S96
5.7.25OurayiteAg3Pb4Bi5S13
5.7.26EskimoiteAg7Pb10Bi15S36
5.7.27FizélyiteAg5Pb14Sb21S48
5.7.28OwyheeiteAg3+xPb10-2xSb11+xS28, -0.13 < x > +0.20
5.7.29FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
5.7.30DiaphoriteAg3Pb2Sb3S8
5.7.31SterryiteAg2Pb10(Sb,As)12S29
5.7.32VikingiteAg5Pb8Bi13S30
5.7.33ZoubekiteAgPb4Sb4S10
5.7.34SchirmeritePbAgBi3S6 - Pb3Ag1.5Bi3.5S9
5.7.36GustaviteAg3Pb5Bi11S24
5.7.37KitaibeliteAg10PbBi30S51
5.7.38TreasuriteAg7Pb6Bi15S32
5.7.39Benjaminite(Ag,Cu)3(Bi,Pb)7S12
5.7.40Lengenbachite Ag4Cu2Pb18As12S39 ·
5.7.41BerryiteCu3Ag2Pb3Bi7S16
5.7.42NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
5.7.43Larosite(Cu,Ag)21(Pb,Bi)2S13
5.7.44CupropavoniteAgCu2PbBi5S10
5.7.45PadĕraiteCu5.9Ag1.3Pb1.6Bi11.2S22
5.7.46RayitePb8(Ag,Tl)2Sb8S21
5.7.47RathitePb8Pb4-x(Tl2As2)x(Ag2As2)As16S40
5.7.48HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5

Other Names for Gladite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Gladit
Russian:Гладит
Simplified Chinese:柱硫铋铜铅矿
Spanish:Gladita
Traditional Chinese:柱硫鉍銅鉛礦

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Gladite

Reference List:
Johansson (1924), Ark. Kemi: 9(8): 17.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 483.

Syneček, V. and Hybler, J. (1974) The crystal structure of krupkaite, CuPbBi3S6, and of gladite, CuPbi5S9, and the classification of superstructures in the bismuthinite-aikinite group. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1974: 541-560.

Kohatsu, I. and Wuensch, B.J. (1976) The crystal structure of gladite, PbCuBi5S9, a superstructure intermediate in the series Bi2S3-PbCuBiS3 (bismuthinite-aikinite). Acta Crystallographica: B32: 2401-2409.

American Mineralogist (1976): 61: 15-20.

Internet Links for Gladite

Localities for Gladite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Chubut
    • Futaleufú department
      • Los Cipreses
Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
  • Salta
    • Organullo Mining District
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
Australia
 
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
      • Tennant Creek
No reference listed
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Goldberg group
        • Innerfragant
          • Wurten
            • Alteck
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Bergbau in Westkärnten
        • Zirknitz
          • Große Zirknitz valley
Pichler, A. (2009): Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein für Kärnten, 63. Sonderheft, 1-416
          • Kleine Zirknitz valley
            • Kluidscharte
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Felben valley
        • Scheelite deposit
MinRec 33:352
      • Gastein valley
        • Naßfeld valley
          • Sportgastein
Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1875) Chamosit und Gladit aus den Deponien des Kraftwerkbaues im hinteren Gasteinertal (Sportgastein), Salzburg. P. 112 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
      • Hollersbach valley
        • Scharnbachgraben
Niedermayr, G. et al. (2008): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVII. Carinthia II, 198./118., 223-274.
Brazil
 
  • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Currais Novos
No reference listed
Burma (Myanmar)
 
  • Shan State
    • Lashio District (Lasho)
      • Panghsang Township
Yueqing Yang and Wenying Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 511-514
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Handbook of Mineralogy; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 16, pp, 625-640 (1978)
  • New Brunswick
    • Gloucester Co.
      • Bathurst Parish
Jambor, J. L. (1982): McMaster, an allogenic massive sulfide copper deposit, Bathurst area, New Brunswick. CANMET Report 83-2E, 12 pp.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • Preissac
Taner, H., Williams-Jones, A.E., and Wood, S.A. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 34, 579-590.
China
 
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Guiyang Co.
Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
  • Jiangsu Province
    • Nanjing Prefecture
      • Jiangning District
Xiangping, G., Watanabe, M., Ohkawa, M., Hoshino, K., Shibata, Y., and Desong, C. (2001): Canadian Mineralogist 39(6), 1641-1652.
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Lhasa Prefecture
      • Maizhokunggar Co. (Mozhugongka Co.)
Huan Wang, Liqiang Wang, Lijuan Ying, and Wenbao Zheng (2011): Mineral Deposits 30, 305-317
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
Jan Hloušek
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Krupka (Graupen)
          • Knöttel area (Knötel; Knödel; Knödlberg)
Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Heppenheim
        • Sonderbach
          • Kohlplatte
Nickel, E., and Fettel, M. (1985): Odenwald. Sammlung geologischer Führer Vol. 65, 2nd ed., Bornträger (Berlin, Stuttgart), 231 pp.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Siegerland
      • Niederfischbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Haldensleben
      • Flechtinger Höhen
        • Flechtingen
Witzke, T. & Jacob, G. (1995): Nachweis von Synchysit-(Ce) und Gladit in Vulkaniten der Flechtingen-Roßlauer Scholle. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften 23, 443-448.
  • Saxony
    • Oberlausitz
      • Görlitz
        • Thiemendorf
Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2007): Wismut-Mineralien aus dem Königshainer Granit, Lausitz.- Mineralien-Welt 18(4), 14-19
Greece
 
  • Macedonia Department
    • Chalkidiki Prefecture
Voudouris, P. C., Spry, P. G., Mavrogonatos, C., Sakellaris, G. A., Bristol, S. K., Melfos, V., & Fornadel, A. P. (2013). Bismuthinite derivatives, lillianite homologues, and bismuth sulfotellurides as indicators of gold mineralization in the Stanos shear-zone related deposit, Chalkidiki, Northern Greece. The Canadian Mineralogist, 51(1), 119-142.
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
        • Novate Mezzola
          • Codera Valley
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
      • Valtellina
Lapis, 19 (10), 15-21+86.
        • Masino Valley
Bedogné, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1995) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio e della Bregaglia grigionese. Val Bregaglia, Val Masino, Val Codera e Valle Spluga. Bettini, Sondrio, 300 pp. AA. VV. (1996) Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Kazakhstan
 
Spiridonov, E. M. (1982): Mineralogy of the Ichkeul'mes skarn copper deposit, central Kazakhstan. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh 30, 208-226.
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Akchatau (Aqshatau; Akschatau; Akchataul; Akshatau)
Efimov A.V. Bismuthian mineralisation of tin and wolfram deposits, 1993; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Seljord
      • Svartdal
        • Bleka
Handbook of Mineralogy
Peru
 
  • Huancavelica Department
    • Castrovirreyna Province
      • Castrovirreyna District
P Haas collection
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Czarnów
        • Rędziny
Gołębiowska B., Pieczka A., Parafiniuk J. 2006: Cu(Ag)-Pb-Bi(Sb) sulphosalts from Rędziny (Western Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 78-80
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
        • Ocna de Fier (Vaskö-Moraviţa; Vaskö-Moravicza; Eisenstein)
CanMin 41(2):441-456; Cook, N. J. & Ciobanu, C. L. (2003): Lamellar minerals of the cuprobismutite series and related paděraite: A new occurrence and implications. Can. Mineral., 41, 441-456.
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Baia Borsa
Nigel G. Cook : "Bismuth Sulphosalts from Hydrothermal Vein Deposits of Neogen Age, N.W. Romania, Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. , 143, 1998 / Lecture to the Austrian Mineralogical Society, 23rd June 1997, Salzburg.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
Timofeeva, V. S. & Borodaev, Yu. S. (1975): Minerals of the bismuthinite-aikinite series at the Bom-Gorkhon wolframite deposit (western Transbaikal). Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Seriya 4: Geologiya 30 (2), 114-117.
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Altai Republic (Gorno-Altayskaya Autonomous Oblast')
Potseluev, A.A., Babkin, D.I., and Kotegov, V.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(5), 384-401.; Baofu Han (2008): Acta Petrologica Sinica 24(4), 655-660
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
      • Ľubietová (Libetbánya; Libethen)
Pršek J., Mikuš T., 2006: Bi sulfosoli z lokality Ľubietová-Kolba. Min.Slovaca, Bratislava, 38, 159-164
Ďuďa R.,Kotuľak P., Káňa R., 1993: Bergbau und Mineralien von Banská Štiavnica (Schemnitz), Slowakei. Emser Hefte, 14, 3, 1-70, Haltern
    • Brezno Co.
Pršek J.,2004: Štruktúra a kryštálochémia sulfosolí zo sulfidických mineralizácii Západnych Karpát (Kandid. Diz.práca).Archív Katedry miner. a petrografie Prírodoved. Fak. UK,Bratislava, 135 s.
      • Bystrá
Pršek J.,2004: Štruktžúra a kryštalochémia sulfosolí zo sulfidických mineralizácií Západných Karpát (Kandid. dizert. práca),Manuskript, archív Kated. miner. a petrológie PFUK Bratislava, 135 p.; - Pršek, J., Ozdín, D. & Sejkora, J. (2008): Eclarite and associated Bi sulfosalts from the Brezno-Hviezda occurrence (Nízke Tatry Mts, Slovak Republic). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 185, 117-130.
    • Žarnovica Co.
      • Hodruša-Hámre (Hodritsch)
Jeleň, S., Pršek, J., Kovalenker, V. A., Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Števko, M., & Ozdín, D. (2012). Bismuth Sulfosalts Of The Cuprobismutite, Pavonite And Aikinite Series From The Rozália Mine, Hodruša–Hámre, Slovakia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(2), 325-340.
  • Košice Region
    • Košice Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
      • Liptovské Kľačany
Bakoš, F., Chovan, M., Michálek, J., 2000 : Minerálne zloženie hydrotermálnej Sb, Cu, Pb, Zn, As mineralizácie na SV od Magurky v Nízkych Tatrách. Mineralia Slovaca, 32, 6,497 – 506 ; Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Makovicky, E., Pršek, J., Ozdín, D., Putz, H., Dittrich, H. & Karup-Møller, S. (2012): Chovanite, Pb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2), a new sulphosalt species from the Low Tatra Mountains, Western Carpathians, Slovakia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 727-740.
      • Partizánska Lupča
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
      • Vyšná Boca
Ozdín D. (2003): Mineralógia a genéza sideritovej mineralizácie Ďumbierskych Tatier. Dissertation thesis, Comenius University, 194 p.
Sweden
 
  • Småland
    • Västervik
Arkiv Kemi, Min.Geol.(1924) 9/8, 17
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
      • Albigna Valley
Schweizer Strahler, Vol. 9 Nr. 11 Aug. 1993
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 80; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Turtmann Valley
      • Blüomatttälli
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • South Eastern Region (Westmorland)
        • Eastern Fells
          • Shap
Max Wirth
Ukraine
 
  • Zakarpats'ka Oblast' (Transcarpathian Oblasť; Zakarpattia)
    • Berehivskyi Raion
      • Berehove
Biruk, S., & Skakun, L. (2012). Bismuth minerals of the Beregovo ore field: mineral assemblages and spatial zonation (Transcarpathian, Ukraine). Geological Quarterly, 44(1), 39-46.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dos Cabezas Mts
        • Dos Cabezas (Two Heads) District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 232.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 324.
  • Idaho
    • Blaine Co.
      • Germania Creek District
Ream, Lanny L. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • Montana
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Whitehall District (Cardwell District)
Spry, P.G., Foster, F., Truckle, J.S., and Chadwick, T.H. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 143-164.; Economic Geology,(1996) Vol. 91-3, pp.507-526
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