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Gladite

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Formula:
PbCuBi
 
5
S
 
9
System:OrthorhombicColour:tin-white to lead-grey
Hardness:2 - 3
Name:After the locality, Gladhammar, Sweden.

Classification of Gladite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/E.30-60
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.HB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
B : With Cu, Ag, Fe, Sn and Pb
Dana 8th edition ID:3.4.5.3

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
Hey's CIM Ref.:5.7.4

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
7 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb and other metals
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Type Occurrence of Gladite

Type Locality:Gladhammar mines, Västervik, Småland, Sweden
Year of Discovery:1924
Geological Setting of type material:Hydrothermal
Associated Minerals at type locality:
GalenobismutiteQuartz

Physical Properties of Gladite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:tin-white to lead-grey
Streak:black
Hardness (Mohs):2 - 3
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
{010} good.
{100} fair
Density (measured):6.96 g/cm3
Density (calculated):6.9 g/cm3

Crystallography of Gladite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:a = 4.0044(4) Å, b = 33.575(3) Å, c = 11.480(1) Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.119 : 1 : 0.342
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,543.46 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Prismatic [001] to 2cm, lacking terminal faces.
Comment:SG Pmcn

Chemical Properties of Gladite

Formula:
PbCuBi
 
5
S
 
9
Simplified for copy/paste:PbCuBi5S9
Essential elements:Bi, Cu, Pb, S
All elements listed in formula:Bi, Cu, Pb, S
Common Impurities:Fe

Relationship of Gladite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.HB.05aAikinite
PbCuBiS
 
3
2.HB.05aFriedrichite
Pb
 
5
Cu
 
5
Bi
 
7
S
 
18
2.HB.05aHammarite
Pb
 
2
Cu
 
2
Bi
 
4
S
 
9
2.HB.05cJaskólskiite
Pb
 
2+x
Cu
 
x
(Sb,Bi)
 
2-x
S
 
6
(x = 0.2)
2.HB.05aKrupkaite
PbCuBi
 
3
S
 
6
2.HB.05aLindströmite
Pb
 
3
Cu
 
3
Bi
 
7
S
 
15
2.HB.05bMeneghinite
Pb
 
13
CuSb
 
7
S
 
24
2.HB.05aPekoite
PbCuBi
 
11
(S,Se)
 
18
2.HB.05aEmilite
Pb
 
2.7
Cu
 
2.7
Bi
 
5.3
S
 
12
2.HB.05UM2000-46-S:BiCuPb
Cu
 
0.33
Pb
 
0.33
Bi
 
7.67
S
 
12
2.HB.05aSalzburgite
Pb
 
1.6
Cu
 
1.6
Bi
 
6.4
S
 
12
2.HB.05UM1990-54-Se:BiCuPb
CuPb(Ni,Co)
 
0.3
Bi
 
3
Se
 
6
2.HB.05aPaarite
Pb
 
1.7
Cu
 
1.7
Bi
 
6.3
S
 
12
2.HB.10cEclarite
(Cu,Fe)Pb
 
9
Bi
 
12
S
 
28
2.HB.10bGiessenite
Pb
 
27
Cu
 
2
(Bi,Sb)
 
19
S
 
57
2.HB.10bIzoklakeite
Pb
 
27
(Cu,Fe,Ag)
 
2
(Sb,Bi)
 
19
S
 
57
2.HB.10aKobellite
Pb
 
22
Cu
 
4
(Bi,Sb)
 
30
S
 
69
2.HB.10aTintinaite
Pb
 
22
Cu
 
4
(Sb,Bi)
 
30
S
 
69
2.HB.15Benavidesite
Pb
 
4
(Mn,Fe)Sb
 
6
S
 
14
2.HB.15Jamesonite
Pb
 
4
FeSb
 
6
S
 
14
2.HB.20dBerryite
Cu
 
3
Ag
 
2
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
7
S
 
16
2.HB.20bBuckhornite
AuPb
 
2
BiTe
 
2
S
 
3
2.HB.20aNagyágite
Pb
 
5
Au(Te,Sb)
 
4
S
 
5-8
2.HB.20eWatkinsonite
Cu
 
2
PbBi
 
4
(Se,S,Te)
 
8
2.HB.20cMuseumite
[Pb
 
2
(Pb,Sb)
 
2
S
 
8
][(Te,Au)
 
2
]
2.HB.20eLitochlebite
Ag
 
2
PbBi
 
4
Se
 
8
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
5.7.1Seligmannite
PbCuAsS
 
3
5.7.2Bournonite
PbCuSbS
 
3
5.7.3Meneghinite
Pb
 
13
CuSb
 
7
S
 
24
5.7.5Lindströmite
Pb
 
3
Cu
 
3
Bi
 
7
S
 
15
5.7.6Krupkaite
PbCuBi
 
3
S
 
6
5.7.7Hammarite
Pb
 
2
Cu
 
2
Bi
 
4
S
 
9
5.7.8Friedrichite
Pb
 
5
Cu
 
5
Bi
 
7
S
 
18
5.7.9Aikinite
PbCuBiS
 
3
5.7.10Nuffieldite
Cu
 
1.4
Pb
 
2.4
Bi
 
2.4
Sb
 
0.2
S
 
7
5.7.11Jaskólskiite
Pb
 
2+x
Cu
 
x
(Sb,Bi)
 
2-x
S
 
6
(x = 0.2)
5.7.12Tintinaite
Pb
 
22
Cu
 
4
(Sb,Bi)
 
30
S
 
69
5.7.13Kobellite
Pb
 
22
Cu
 
4
(Bi,Sb)
 
30
S
 
69
5.7.14Proudite
CuPb
 
7.5
Bi
 
9.33
(S,Se)
 
22
5.7.15Nordströmite
CuPb
 
3
Bi
 
7
(Se
 
4
S
 
10
)
5.7.16Watkinsonite
Cu
 
2
PbBi
 
4
(Se,S,Te)
 
8
5.7.17Pekoite
PbCuBi
 
11
(S,Se)
 
18
5.7.18Petrovicite
Cu
 
3
HgPbBiSe
 
5
5.7.19Eclarite
(Cu,Fe)Pb
 
9
Bi
 
12
S
 
28
5.7.20Marrite
AgPbAsS
 
3
5.7.21Baumhauerite-2a
Pb
 
11
Ag(As,Sb)
 
18
S
 
36
5.7.22Andorite
PbAgSb
 
3
S
 
6
5.7.23Ramdohrite
(Cd,Mn,Fe)Ag
 
5.5
Pb
 
12
Sb
 
21.5
S
 
48
5.7.24Roshchinite
Ag
 
19
Pb
 
10
Sb
 
51
S
 
96
5.7.25Ourayite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
5
S
 
13
5.7.26Eskimoite
Ag
 
7
Pb
 
10
Bi
 
15
S
 
36
5.7.27Fizélyite
Ag
 
5
Pb
 
14
Sb
 
21
S
 
48
5.7.28Owyheeite
Ag
 
3+x
Pb
 
10-2x
Sb
 
11+x
S
 
28
, -0.13 +0.20
5.7.29Freieslebenite
AgPbSbS
 
3
5.7.30Diaphorite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
2
Sb
 
3
S
 
8
5.7.31Sterryite
Ag
 
2
Pb
 
10
(Sb,As)
 
12
S
 
29
5.7.32Vikingite
Ag
 
5
Pb
 
8
Bi
 
13
S
 
30
5.7.33Zoubekite
AgPb
 
4
Sb
 
4
S
 
10
5.7.34Schirmerite
PbAgBi
 
3
S
 
6
- Pb
 
3
Ag
 
1.5
Bi
 
3.5
S
 
9
5.7.36Gustavite
Ag
 
3
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
11
S
 
24
5.7.37Kitaibelite
Ag
 
10
PbBi
 
30
S
 
51
5.7.38Treasurite
Ag
 
7
Pb
 
6
Bi
 
15
S
 
32
5.7.39Benjaminite
(Ag,Cu)
 
3
(Bi,Pb)
 
7
S
 
12
5.7.40Lengenbachite
Ag
 
4
Cu
 
2
Pb
 
18
As
 
12
S
 
39
·
5.7.41Berryite
Cu
 
3
Ag
 
2
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
7
S
 
16
5.7.42Neyite
Ag
 
2
Cu
 
6
Pb
 
25
Bi
 
26
S
 
68
5.7.43Larosite
(Cu,Ag)
 
21
(Pb,Bi)
 
2
S
 
13
5.7.44Cupropavonite
AgCu
 
2
PbBi
 
5
S
 
10
5.7.45Padĕraite
Cu
 
5.9
Ag
 
1.3
Pb
 
1.6
Bi
 
11.2
S
 
22
5.7.46Rayite
Pb
 
8
(Ag,Tl)
 
2
Sb
 
8
S
 
21
5.7.47Rathite
Pb
 
8
Pb
 
4-x
(Tl
 
2
As
 
2
)
 
x
(Ag
 
2
As
 
2
)As
 
16
S
 
40
5.7.48Hatchite
AgTlPbAs
 
2
S
 
5

Other Names for Gladite

Other Languages:
German:Gladit
Russian:Гладит
Simplified Chinese:柱硫铋铜铅矿
Spanish:Gladita
Traditional Chinese:柱硫鉍銅鉛礦

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Gladite

Reference List:

- +
Johansson (1924), Ark. Kemi: 9(8): 17.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 483.

Syneček, V. and Hybler, J. (1974) The crystal structure of krupkaite, CuPbBi3S6, and of gladite, CuPbi5S9, and the classification of superstructures in the bismuthinite-aikinite group. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1974: 541-560.

Kohatsu, I. and Wuensch, B.J. (1976) The crystal structure of gladite, PbCuBi5S9, a superstructure intermediate in the series Bi2S3-PbCuBiS3 (bismuthinite-aikinite). Acta Crystallographica: B32: 2401-2409.

American Mineralogist (1976): 61: 15-20.

Internet Links for Gladite

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  • Localities for Gladite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Chubut
    Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
    • Salta
      • Organullo Mining District
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
    Australia
     
    • Northern Territory
      • Tennant Inlier
        • Tennant Creek
    No reference listed
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Goldberg group
          • Innerfragant
            • Wurten
              • Alteck
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    Bergbau in Westkärnten
          • Zirknitz
            • Große Zirknitz valley
    Pichler, A. (2009): Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein für Kärnten, 63. Sonderheft, 1-416
            • Kleine Zirknitz valley
              • Kluidscharte
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Salzburg
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Felben valley
          • Scheelite deposit
    MinRec 33:352
        • Hollersbach valley
          • Scharnbachgraben
    Niedermayr, G. et al. (2008): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVII. Carinthia II, 198./118., 223-274.
    Brazil
     
    • Rio Grande do Norte
      • Borborema mineral province
        • Currais Novos
    No reference listed
    Burma (Myanmar)
     
    • Shan State
      • Lashio District (Lasho)
    Yueqing Yang and Wenying Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 511-514
    Canada
     
    • Manitoba
      • Lac-du-Bonnet area
        • Bernic Lake
    Handbook of Mineralogy; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 16, pp, 625-640 (1978)
    • New Brunswick
      • Gloucester Co.
        • Bathurst Parish
    Jambor, J. L. (1982): McMaster, an allogenic massive sulfide copper deposit, Bathurst area, New Brunswick. CANMET Report 83-2E, 12 pp.
    • Québec
      • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
        • Abitibi RCM
          • Preissac
    Taner, H., Williams-Jones, A.E., and Wood, S.A. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 34, 579-590.
    China
     
    • Hunan Province
      • Chenzhou Prefecture
        • Guiyang Co.
    Yingchen Ren (1999): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 14(1), 1-12, 38
    • Jiangsu Province
      • Nanjing Prefecture
        • Jiangning District
    Xiangping, G., Watanabe, M., Ohkawa, M., Hoshino, K., Shibata, Y., and Desong, C. (2001): Canadian Mineralogist 39(6), 1641-1652.
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Lhasa Prefecture
        • Maizhokunggar Co. (Mozhugongka Co.)
    Huan Wang, Liqiang Wang, Lijuan Ying, and Wenbao Zheng (2011): Mineral Deposits 30, 305-317
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Krušné Hory Mtns (Erzgebirge)
    Jan Hloušek
      • Ústí Region
        • Krušné Hory Mtns (Erzgebirge)
          • Krupka (Graupen)
            • Knöttel area (Knötel; Knödel; Knödlberg)
    Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
    Germany
     
    • Hesse
      • Odenwald
        • Heppenheim
          • Sonderbach
            • Kohlplatte
    Nickel, E., and Fettel, M. (1985): Odenwald. Sammlung geologischer Führer Vol. 65, 2nd ed., Bornträger (Berlin, Stuttgart), 231 pp.
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Siegerland
        • Niederfischbach
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Haldensleben
        • Flechtinger Höhen
          • Flechtingen
    Witzke, T. & Jacob, G. (1995): Nachweis von Synchysit-(Ce) und Gladit in Vulkaniten der Flechtingen-Roßlauer Scholle. Zeitschrift für Geologische Wissenschaften 23, 443-448.
    • Saxony
      • Oberlausitz
        • Görlitz
          • Thiemendorf
    Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2007): Wismut-Mineralien aus dem Königshainer Granit, Lausitz.- Mineralien-Welt 18(4), 14-19
    Italy
     
    • Lombardy
      • Sondrio Province
    Lapis, 19 (10), 15-21+86.
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
        • Novate Mezzola
          • Codera Valley
    Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
    Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
    Ghizzoni, S. & Mazzoleni, G. (2005): Itinerari mineralogici in val Codera. Geologia Insubrica, Ed., Milano, 316 pp.
    Kazakhstan
     
    Spiridonov, E. M. (1982): Mineralogy of the Ichkeul'mes skarn copper deposit, central Kazakhstan. Novye Dannye o Mineralakh 30, 208-226.
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
      • Akchatau (Aqshatau; Akschatau; Akchataul; Akshatau)
    Efimov A.V. Bismuthian mineralisation of tin and wolfram deposits, 1993; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
    Norway
     
    • Telemark
      • Seljord
        • Svartdal
          • Bleka
    Handbook of Mineralogy
    Peru
     
    • Huancavelica Department
      • Castrovirreyna Province
        • Castrovirreyna District
    P Haas collection
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
        • Czarnów
          • Rędziny
    Gołębiowska B., Pieczka A., Parafiniuk J. 2006: Cu(Ag)-Pb-Bi(Sb) sulphosalts from Rędziny (Western Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 78-80
    Romania
     
    • Caraş-Severin Co.
      • Banat Mts
        • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
          • Ocna de Fier (Vaskö-Moraviţa; Vaskö-Moravicza; Eisenstein)
    CanMin 41(2):441-456; Cook, N. J. & Ciobanu, C. L. (2003): Lamellar minerals of the cuprobismutite series and related paděraite: A new occurrence and implications. Can. Mineral., 41, 441-456.
    • Maramureș Co.
      • Baia Borsa
    Nigel G. Cook : "Bismuth Sulphosalts from Hydrothermal Vein Deposits of Neogen Age, N.W. Romania, Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges. , 143, 1998 / Lecture to the Austrian Mineralogical Society, 23rd June 1997, Salzburg.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
    Timofeeva, V. S. & Borodaev, Yu. S. (1975): Minerals of the bismuthinite-aikinite series at the Bom-Gorkhon wolframite deposit (western Transbaikal). Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta, Seriya 4: Geologiya 30 (2), 114-117.
    • Western-Siberian Region
      • Altai Republic (Gorno-Altayskaya Autonomous Oblast')
    Potseluev, A.A., Babkin, D.I., and Kotegov, V.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(5), 384-401.; Baofu Han (2008): Acta Petrologica Sinica 24(4), 655-660
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Banská Bystrica Co.
        • Ľubietová (Libetbánya; Libethen)
    Pršek J., Mikuš T., 2006: Bi sulfosoli z lokality Ľubietová-Kolba. Min.Slovaca, Bratislava, 38, 159-164
    Ďuďa R.,Kotuľak P., Káňa R., 1993: Bergbau und Mineralien von Banská Štiavnica (Schemnitz), Slowakei. Emser Hefte, 14, 3, 1-70, Haltern
      • Brezno Co.
    Pršek J.,2004: Štruktúra a kryštálochémia sulfosolí zo sulfidických mineralizácii Západnych Karpát (Kandid. Diz.práca).Archív Katedry miner. a petrografie Prírodoved. Fak. UK,Bratislava, 135 s.
        • Bystrá
    Pršek J.,2004: Štruktžúra a kryštalochémia sulfosolí zo sulfidických mineralizácií Západných Karpát (Kandid. dizert. práca),Manuskript, archív Kated. miner. a petrológie PFUK Bratislava, 135 p.; - Pršek, J., Ozdín, D. & Sejkora, J. (2008): Eclarite and associated Bi sulfosalts from the Brezno-Hviezda occurrence (Nízke Tatry Mts, Slovak Republic). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 185, 117-130.
    • Košice Region
      • Košice Co.
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
      • Rožňava Co.
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Žilina Region
      • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
        • Liptovské Kľačany
    Bakoš, F., Chovan, M., Michálek, J., 2000 : Minerálne zloženie hydrotermálnej Sb, Cu, Pb, Zn, As mineralizácie na SV od Magurky v Nízkych Tatrách. Mineralia Slovaca, 32, 6,497 – 506
        • Partizánska Lupča
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
        • Vyšná Boca
    Ozdín D. (2003): Mineralógia a genéza sideritovej mineralizácie Ďumbierskych Tatier. Dissertation thesis, Comenius University, 194 p.
    Sweden
     
    • Småland
      • Västervik
    Arkiv Kemi, Min.Geol.(1924) 9/8, 17
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
        • Albigna Valley
    Schweizer Strahler, Vol. 9 Nr. 11 Aug. 1993
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Saint-Luc
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 80; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
      • Turtmann Valley
        • Blüomatttälli
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cumbria
        • South Eastern Region (Westmorland)
          • Eastern Fells
            • Shap
    Max Wirth
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Dos Cabezas Mts
          • Dos Cabezas (Two Heads) District
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 232.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 324.
    • Idaho
      • Blaine Co.
        • Germania Creek District
    Ream, Lanny L. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
    • Montana
      • Jefferson Co.
        • Whitehall District (Cardwell District)
    Spry, P.G., Foster, F., Truckle, J.S., and Chadwick, T.H. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 59, 143-164.; Economic Geology,(1996) Vol. 91-3, pp.507-526
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