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Glaucochroite

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Formula:
CaMn
2+
 
SiO
 
4
System:OrthorhombicColour:Bluish-grey, pink, brown ...
Lustre:Vitreous, ResinousHardness:6
Member of:Olivine Group
Name:Named in 1899 by Samuel L. Renfield and Charles H. Warren from the Greek γλαυκός for "sky-blue" and χρώσις "coloring", in allusion to its color.

Classification of Glaucochroite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered" 1975
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/A.05-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.AC.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
C : Nesosilicates without additional anions; cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Dana 8th edition ID:51.3.2.3

51 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
3 : Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Hey's CIM Ref.:14.18.14

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
18 : Silicates of Mn and Na, K, Mg, Ca or Fe
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Type Occurrence of Glaucochroite

Type Locality:Franklin Mine, Franklin, Franklin Mining District, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
General Appearance of Type Material:Massive material in franklinite-willemite-zincite ore with hardystonite and calcite.
Year of Discovery:1899

Physical Properties of Glaucochroite

Lustre:Vitreous, Resinous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Bluish-grey, pink, brown or white.
Hardness (Mohs):6
Cleavage:None Observed

Crystallography of Glaucochroite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:a = 4.92Å, b = 11.14Å, c = 6.5Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.442 : 1 : 0.583
Unit Cell Volume:V 356.26 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Glaucochroite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.679 - 1.686 nβ = 1.716 - 1.723 nγ = 1.729 - 1.736
2V:Measured: 61° , Calculated: 60°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.050

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:medium

Chemical Properties of Glaucochroite

Formula:
CaMn
2+
 
SiO
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:CaMn2+SiO4
Essential elements:Ca, Mn, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Ca, Mn, O, Si
Common Impurities:Fe,Zn,Pb,Mg

Relationship of Glaucochroite to other Species

Member of:Olivine Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Calcio-Olivine
Ca
 
2
SiO
 
4
Fayalite
Fe
2+
2
SiO
 
4
Forsterite
Mg
 
2
SiO
 
4
Kirschsteinite
CaFe
2+
 
SiO
 
4
Laihunite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
Liebenbergite
(Ni,Mg)
 
2
SiO
 
4
Monticellite
CaMgSiO
 
4
Olivine
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
SiO
 
4
Roepperite (of Brush)
(Fe
2+
2
,Mn,Zn)SiO
 
4
Tephroite
Mn
2+
2
SiO
 
4
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.AC.05Fayalite
Fe
2+
2
SiO
 
4
9.AC.05Forsterite
Mg
 
2
SiO
 
4
9.AC.05Kirschsteinite
CaFe
2+
 
SiO
 
4
9.AC.05Laihunite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
9.AC.05Liebenbergite
(Ni,Mg)
 
2
SiO
 
4
9.AC.05Tephroite
Mn
2+
2
SiO
 
4
9.AC.10Monticellite
CaMgSiO
 
4
9.AC.15Brunogeierite
Fe
2+
2
Ge
4+
 
O
 
4
9.AC.15Ringwoodite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
SiO
 
4
9.AC.20Chesnokovite
Na
 
2
[SiO
 
2
(OH)
 
2
] · 8H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
14.18.1Nambulite
(Li,Na)Mn
 
4
Si
 
5
O
 
14
(OH)
14.18.2Natronambulite
(Na,Li)(Mn,Ca)
 
4
Si
 
5
O
 
14
OH
14.18.3Zakharovite
Na
 
4
Mn
 
5
Si
 
10
O
 
24
(OH)
 
6
· 6H
 
2
O
14.18.4Norrishite
KLiMn
3+
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)O
 
2
14.18.5Shafranovskite
(Na,K)
 
6
(Mn,Fe)
 
3
Si
 
9
O
 
24
· 6H
 
2
O
14.18.6Abswurmbachite
CuMn
3+
6
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
8
14.18.7Donpeacorite
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)Mg[SiO
 
3
]
 
2
14.18.8Kanoite
Mn
2+
 
(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)Si
 
2
O
 
6
14.18.9Caryopilite
(Mn,Mg)
 
3
(Si
 
2
O
 
5
)(OH)
 
4
14.18.10Gonyerite
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
5
Fe
3+
 
(Fe
3+
 
Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
14.18.11Tirodite
14.18.12Manganhumite
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
7
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
2
14.18.13Bustamite
CaMn
2+
 
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)
14.18.15Truscottite
(Ca,Mn)
 
14
Si
 
24
O
 
58
(OH)
 
8
· 2H
 
2
O
14.18.16Santaclaraite
CaMn
 
4
[Si
 
5
O
 
14
OH](OH) · H
 
2
O
14.18.17Ferrobustamite
Ca(Fe
2+
 
,Ca,Mn
2+
 
)(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)
14.18.18Johannsenite
CaMn
2+
 
Si
 
2
O
 
6
14.18.19Neltnerite
CaMn
3+
6
(SiO
 
4
)O
 
8
14.18.20Orlymanite
Ca
 
4
Mn
 
3
Si
 
8
O
 
20
(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
14.18.21Inesite
Ca
 
2
(Mn,Fe)
 
7
Si
 
10
O
 
28
(OH)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
14.18.22Orientite
Ca
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Mn
3+
2
(Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
4
14.18.23Ruizite
Ca
 
2
Mn
3+
2
[(OH)
 
2
|H
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
13
] · 2H
 
2
O
14.18.24Bostwickite
CaMn
 
6
Si
 
3
O
 
16
· 7H
 
2
O
14.18.25Kittatinnyite
Ca
 
2
Mn
 
2
Mn(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 9H
 
2
O
14.18.26Lithiomarsturite
LiCa
 
2
Mn
 
2
Si
 
5
O
 
14
(OH)
14.18.27Sérandite
Na(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)
 
2
(HSi
 
3
O
 
9
)
14.18.28Kvanefjeldite
Na
 
4
(Ca,Mn)(Si
 
3
O
 
7
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
14.18.29Marsturite
NaCaMn
 
3
Si
 
5
O
 
14
(OH)
14.18.30Raite
Na
 
4
Mn
2+
3
Ti
 
0.25
Si
 
8
O
 
20
(OH)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
14.18.31Richterite
{Na}{CaNa}{Mg
 
5
}(Si
 
8
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
2
14.18.32Byelorussite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
MnTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(F,OH) · H
 
2
O
14.18.33Deerite
(Fe,Mn)
 
6
(Fe,Al)
 
3
[Si
 
6
O
 
17
]O
 
3
(OH)
 
5
14.18.34Calderite
(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)
 
3
(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
14.18.35Pyroxmangite
MnSiO
 
3
14.18.36Dannemorite
14.18.37Neotocite
(Mn,Fe,Mg)SiO
 
3
· H
 
2
O
14.18.38Babingtonite
Ca
 
2
(Fe,Mn)FeSi
 
5
O
 
14
(OH)
14.18.39Manganbabingtonite
Ca
 
2
(Mn,Fe)FeSi
 
5
O
 
14
(OH)
14.18.40Örebroite
Mn
2+
3
(Sb
5+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)(SiO
 
4
)(O,OH)
 
3

Other Names for Glaucochroite

Synonyms:
CalcotephroiteGlauchchroite
Other Languages:
German:Calcotephroit
Glaucochroit
Glaukochroit
Russian:Глаукохроит
Spanish:Calcotephroita
Glaucochroita

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:None.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:None.

References for Glaucochroite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist (1978): 63: 930.

American Mineralogist (1987): 72: 423.

Science (1984): 223: 1075.

Best Localities for Glaucochroite

Best of Species:Glaucochroite

Internet Links for Glaucochroite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Glaucochroite on Google
  • Look for Glaucochroite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Glaucochroite on Webmineral
  • Look for Glaucochroite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Glaucochroite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Glaucochroite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Glaucochroite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • Search for Glaucochroite on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • Buy RARE Minerals from Rocks of Africa
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  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • Buy rare minerals from Excalibur Minerals
  • High-end worldwide specimens & outstanding customer service
  • Mineral Classics - Worldwide Collector Quality Minerals and Gems
  • Find Glaucochroite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Buy from Dave Bunk Minerals
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • Localities for Glaucochroite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kanto Region
        • Tochigi Prefecture
          • Kanuma City
    Kato, A. (1991) Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 17, 119-128.
    Namibia
     
    • Otjozondjupa Region
      • Grootfontein District
        • Kombat
    Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
    Russia
     
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
    South Africa
     
    • Northern Cape Province
      • Kalahari manganese field
        • Hotazel
    Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302;
    Sweden
     
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
        • Nordmark (Nordmarksberg)
    USA
     
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
        • Franklin Mining District
          • Franklin
    Palache (1935): 79; Dunn (1995): Pt3: 343.
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