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Goldfieldite

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Formula:
Cu10Te4S13
Te (tetravalent) may be partially replaced by Sb and/or As (both trivalent). For charge-balance, Cu is then increased (Cu12-x).
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Dark lead-gray
Hardness:
3 - 3½
Name:
After the type locality, the Mohawk Mine, Goldfield, Nevada, USA.

Classification of Goldfieldite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
2.GB.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
G : Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
B : Neso-sulfarsenites, etc. with additional S
3.3.6.6

3 : SULFOSALTS
3 : 3 <ø < 4
5.1.6

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
1 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Cu
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Type Occurrence of Goldfieldite

Year of Discovery:
1909

Occurrences of Goldfieldite

Geological Setting:
Epithermal precious metal deposits

Physical Properties of Goldfieldite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Dark lead-gray
Hardness (Mohs):
3 - 3½
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN100=291 - 342 kg/mm2
Tenacity:
Brittle
Density:
4.95 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Goldfieldite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:
I4 3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.304Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,094.00 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Massive, crusts

Crystal Structure

Structure
Reference
Pohl D Liessmann W Okrugin V M (1996) Rietveld analysis of selenium-bearing goldfieldites Locality: Ozernoya deposit, Kamchatka, Russia. Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1996:1-8.

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More Crystal Structures
Click here to view more crystal structures at the American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database

Chemical Properties of Goldfieldite

Formula:
Cu10Te4S13

Te (tetravalent) may be partially replaced by Sb and/or As (both trivalent). For charge-balance, Cu is then increased (Cu12-x).
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ag,Fe,Zn,Bi

Relationship of Goldfieldite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
ArgentotennantiteAg6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
ArgentotetrahedriteAg10(Fe,Zn)2Sb4S13
FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
GirauditeCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4Se13
HakiteCu6[Cu4Hg2]Sb4Se13
TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
2.GB.05ArgentotennantiteAg6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
2.GB.05FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
2.GB.05GirauditeCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4Se13
2.GB.05HakiteCu6[Cu4Hg2]Sb4Se13
2.GB.05TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
2.GB.05TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
2.GB.10SelenostephaniteAg5Sb(Se,S)4
2.GB.10StephaniteAg5SbS4
2.GB.15Pearceite[(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
2.GB.15Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
2.GB.15UM2003-14-S:AgBiFeTeAg16FeBiTe3S8
2.GB.15Selenopolybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2(S,Se)7][Ag9Cu(S,Se)2Se2]
2.GB.15Cupropearceite[Cu6As2S7][Ag9CuS4]
2.GB.15Cupropolybasite[Cu6Sb2S7][Ag9CuS4]
2.GB.15UM1979-17-S:BiCuFeCu18Fe4BiS16
2.GB.20Galkhaite(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
5.1.1SinneriteCu6As4S9
5.1.2TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
5.1.4ChalcostibiteCuSbS2
5.1.5TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
5.1.7EmplectiteCuBiS2
5.1.8CuprobismutiteCu8AgBi12S24
5.1.9WitticheniteCu3BiS3
5.1.10HodrušiteCu8Bi12S22
5.1.11GirauditeCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4Se13
5.1.11PermingeatiteCu3SbSe4

Other Names for Goldfieldite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:碲黝铜矿
Spanish:Goldfieldita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Goldfieldite

Reference List:
Ransome (1909), USGS Professional Paper 66: 116.

Sharwood (1911), Economic Geology: 6: 31.

Shannon (1917), American Journal of Science: 44: 469.

Tolman and Abrose (1934), Economic Geology: 29: 255.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 384.

Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 21: 1-10.

Shimizu, M. and C.J. Stanley (1991) Coupled substitutions in goldfieldite tetrahedrite minerals from the Iriki mine, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine: 55: 515-519.

Trudu, A.G. and Knittel, U. (1998) Crystallography, mineral chemistry and chemical nomenclature of goldfieldite, the tellurian member of the tetrahedrite solid-solution series. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 1115-1137.

Internet Links for Goldfieldite

Localities for Goldfieldite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca
    • Andalgalá Department
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
PUTZ, Hubert; PAAR, Werner H and TOPA, Dan. A contributionto the knowledge of the mineralization at mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 514-524.
PUTZ, Hubert; PAAR, Werner H and TOPA, Dan. A contributionto the knowledge of the mineralization at mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 514-524.
  • La Rioja
    • Chilecito department
      • Chilecito
Brotkorb (2002): las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
    • Sierra de Famatina
DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
  • Salta
    • Organullo Mining District
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.
Armenia
 
  • Kotayk' Province
    • Hrazdan
Kovalenker, V. A., Zalibekyan, M. A., Laputina, I. P., Malov, V. S., Sandomirskaya, S. M., Garas' ko, M. I., & Mkhitaryan, D. I. (1990). Sulfide-telluride mineralization of the Megradzor ore field, Armenia. International Geology Review, 32(7), 705-720.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Narromine Co.
Allibone, A. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 495-512.
Bulgaria
 
  • Pazardzhik Oblast (Pazardjik Oblast)
    • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
      • Elshitsa
Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., and Kuzmanov, K. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 219-229.
      • Levski
Bogdanov, K., Tsonev, D., & Popov, K. (2004). Mineral Assemblages And Genesis Of The Cu-Au Epithermal Deposits In The Southern Part Of The Panaguyrishte Ore District, Bulgaria. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Greece, 36:406-415
      • Panagyurishte
Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
    • Chelopech
Chambefort, I., and Moritz, R. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 665-690; Nenasheva, S.N. (2009): Some Peculiarities of Mineralogy of the Deposits of Central Part of Structural-Metallogenic Zone Sredna-Gora, Bulgaria. New Data on Minerals, 44, 24-33.
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
Economic Geology; January 2005; v. 100; no. 1; p. 131-148
China
 
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Shangluo Prefecture
      • Luonan Co.
Enkui Cao (1991): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 11(3), 278-280; Handong Qian, Wu Chen, Jin Huang, and Jiadong Xie (2000): Geological Journal of China Universities 6(2), 220-224
Fiji
 
  • Vanua Levu
    • Wailevu
      • Yanawai Goldfield
Naden, Jon; Henney, P.J.. 1995 Characterisation of gold from Fiji. Nottingham, UK, British Geological Survey, 58pp. (WC/95/041) (Unpublished)
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
        • Tinos Island
Econ. Geol. 102 (2007) 1269-1294.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
  • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
    • Évros Prefecture
      • Alexandroupoli (Alexandroupolis)
Vodouris, P. C. (2011): Conditions of formation of the Mavrokoryfi high-sulfidation epithermal Cu–Ag–Au–Te mineralization (Petrota Graben, NE Greece). Mineralogy and Petrology 101, 97-113.
        • Pefka
Repstock, A. (2011): Ore mineralogical investigation of the Au, Ag, Te, Cu, Pb, Zn-bearing epithermal veins at Pefka mine, western Thrace, northeastern Greece. Unpubl. Diploma Thesis, University of Hamburg, Germany, 97 pp. (in German).; Repstock, A., Voudouris, P., & Kolitsch, U. (2015). New occurrences of watanabeite, colusite,“arsenosulvanite” and “Cu-excess” tetrahedrite-tennantite at the Pefka high-sulfidation epithermal deposit, northeastern Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 192(2), 135-149.
Panagiotis Christos Voudouris, Vasilios Melfos, Paul G. Spry, Robert Moritz, Constantinos Papavassiliou und George Falalakis (2011): Mineralogy and geochemical environment of formation of the Perama Hill high-sulfidation epithermal Au-Ag-Te-Se deposit, Petrota Graben, NE Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 103, 79-100.
        • Sapes Mine ("Sappes Mine")
Michael, C. (2004). Epithermal systems and gold mineralization in western Thrace (North Greece). Bull Geol Soc Greece, 36, 416-423.
    • Xánthi Prefecture
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Voudouris, P.; Tarkian, M.; Arikas, K. (2006): Mineralogy of telluride-bearing epithermal ores in the Kassiteres-Sappes area, western Thrace, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 87, 31-52.
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Parádsasvár (Üveghuta)
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min. Spec., 1993
      • Recsk
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min. Spec., 1993
Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Furtei
Fadda, S., Fiori, M., & Grillo, S. M. (2005). Chemical variations in tetrahedrite-tennantite minerals from the Furtei epithermal Au deposit, Sardinia, Italy: Mineral zoning and ore fluids evolution. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 79-84.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Sapporo
Polymetallic mineralization at the Shin-Ohtoyo Deposit, Harukayama District, Hokkaido, Japan, Imai, Akira; Matsueda, Hiroharu; Yamada, Ryoichi; Masuta, Kenzo, Resource Geology (Tokyo 1998), vol.49, no.2, pp.75-88, 1999
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Shizuoka Prefecture
        • Shimoda City
          • Rendaiji
Sakurai & Kato (1970) Kobutsu-Gakkai Koen-Yoshi (Abstract of the Meeting of the Mineralogical Society of Japan), 26.; Int Geol Congr (2008) Oslo. MRD-09
    • Tohoku Region
      • Aomori Prefecture
        • Shimokita peninsula
K Jouhou, #131 (15-4-2002)
  • Kyushu Region
    • Kagoshima Prefecture
      • Satsumasendai City
        • Iriki
M. Shimizu and C.J. Stanley (1991) Min. Mag. 55, 515-519.
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Moctezuma
Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Papua New Guinea
 
  • Sandaun Province (West Sepik Province)
    • Frieda river complex
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2005): USGS Open-File Report 05-1060
Peru
 
  • Pasco department
    • Pasco province
      • Tinyahuarco district
        • Colquijirca mining district
Economic Geology November 2009 vol. 104 no. 7 905-944
Philippines
 
  • Luzon
    • Cordillera Administrative Region
      • Benguet Province
        • Mancayan mineral district (Mankayan)
          • Guinaoang
Trudu, A.G. and Knittel, U. (1998) Crystallography, mineral chemistry and chemical nomenclature of goldfieldite, the tellurian member of the tetrahedrite solid-solution series. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 1115-1137.
      • Ifugao Province
Knittel, U. (1989) Composition and association of arsenian goldfieldite from the Marian gold deposit, northern Luzon, Philippines. Mineralogy and Petrology, 40, 145-154.
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Deva
www.minerals-of-the-carpathians,2009
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
[Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]
V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
    • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
      • Kuril Islands
        • Kunashir Island
P.M. Kartashov data; V.A. Kovalenker, O.Yu. Plotinskaya (2005): Te and Se mineralogy of Ozernovskoe and Prasolovskoe epithermal gold deposits, Kuril – Kamchatka volcanic belt. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology 43, 118-123. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp43/Kovalenker.pdf]
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
        • Mednogorsk District
          • Sakmara Zone
Vikent'ev, I.V., Moloshag, V.P. and Yudovskaya, M.A. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(2), 77-107.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Žiar nad Hronom Co.
Ďuďa R., 1993 : Die mineralien der Gold und Silber - lagersttäte von Kremnitz ( Kremnica) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern,Nemecko/,5, s. 20 - 32; Dill, H.G. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 359-378.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 237, 269; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
      • Tombstone Hills
        • Tombstone District
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Vulcan District (Cebolla District; Domingo District)
        • Vulcan
Robert C. Smith, II Ph.D, P.G.
    • Hinsdale Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Montana
    • Silver Bow Co.
      • Butte District (Summit Valley District)
        • Butte
          • Berkeley Pit
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Goldfield District
        • Goldfield
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
ZVMO 107 (1978), 100; HB1 (1990); Econ Geol (1989) 84:2115-2138
Donald Cooke
        • McMahon Ridge
Econ Geol (1989) 84:2115-2138
Hatfield Goudey Collection - circa 1936
  • South Carolina
    • McCormick Co.
      • McCormick
Seal II, R.R., Ayuso, R.A., Foley, N.K., and Clark, S.H.B. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 137-148.
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
          • Eureka
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • East Tintic District
SEM-EDS analysis done by Frank Keutsch. Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Angren Region
      • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
Handbook of Mineralogy
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