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Graftonite

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Formula:
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Ca)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
System:MonoclinicColour:Usually reddish brown, ...
Hardness:5
Name:Named by Samuel L. Penfield in 1900 the type locality on Melvin Mountain, Grafton, Grafton County, New Hampshire, USA.


A primary phosphate mineral found in complex granitic pegmatites.

Classification of Graftonite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/A.04-20
Strunz 9th edition ID:8.AB.
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.AB.20

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
B : With medium-sized cations
Dana 8th edition ID:38.3.3.1

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
3 : (AB)3(XO4)2
Hey's CIM Ref.:19.12.36

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn
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Type Occurrence of Graftonite

Type Locality:Melvin Mountain, Grafton, Grafton Co., New Hampshire, USA
Year of Discovery:1900
Geological Setting of type material:Complex granite pegmatite.

Occurrences of Graftonite

Geological Setting:Complex granitic pegmatites.

Physical Properties of Graftonite

Lustre:Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:Usually reddish brown, occasionally light brown, rarely salmon-pink; nearly colorless in transmitted light.
Comment:May be dark brown due to alteration.
Streak:White to faintly pink, when unaltered.
Hardness (Mohs):5
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
On {010}, good; on {100}, poor, but not eaily observed.
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density (measured):3.67 - 3.79 g/cm3
Density (calculated):3.95 g/cm3
Comment:Measured values vary with the ratio of Fe:Mn:Ca. 3.775 = measured (from Nickel Plate Mine, SD, USA).

Crystallography of Graftonite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:P21/b
Cell Parameters:a = 8.87Å, b = 11.57Å, c = 6.17Å
β = 99.2°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.767 : 1 : 0.533
Unit Cell Volume:V 625.06 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Generally found as parallel lamellae in triphylite or occasionally with other primary phosphates in granite pegmatite. Morphological "crystals" are essentially unknown. Pseudomorphs of heterosite after graftonite "crystals" are stout prismatic; also occurs as rough composite crystals of graftonite in triphylite.
Comment:American Mineralogist 67:826 (1982) structure; Neutron diffraction indicates three distinct cation sites

Epitaxial Relationships of Graftonite

Epitaxial Minerals:
Triphylite
LiFe
2+
 
PO
 
4
Epitaxi Comments:As coarsely laminated intergrowths with Triphylite, both phases mutually oriented with graftonite {010} [100] parallel to triphylite {102} [010].
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
3.42 (100)
3.02 (50)
2.92 (50)
2.91 (40)
2.84 (80)
2.83 (70)
2.79 (30)
2.73 (60)
Comments:ICDD 27-250

Optical Data of Graftonite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.695 - 1.709 nβ = 1.699 - 1.714 nγ = 1.719 - 1.736
2V:Measured: 20° to 60°, Calculated: 56°
Birefringence:0.026
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.024 - 0.027

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:relatively weak to r>>v
Optical Extinction:X = b, Z ^ c = 36°
Pleochroism:Weak
Comments:X = Colourless
Y = Colourless
Z = Pink

Chemical Properties of Graftonite

Formula:
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Ca)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3(PO4)2
Essential elements:Fe, O, P
All elements listed in formula:Ca, Fe, Mn, O, P

Relationship of Graftonite to other Species

Common Associates:
TriphyliteQuartzMuscoviteHeterositeAlbite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.AB.05Farringtonite
Mg
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AB.10Ferrisicklerite
Li
 
1-x
(Fe
3+
x
Fe
2+
1-x
)PO
 
4
8.AB.10Heterosite
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)PO
 
4
8.AB.10Lithiophilite
LiMn
2+
 
PO
 
4
8.AB.10Natrophilite
NaMn
2+
 
PO
 
4
8.AB.10Purpurite
(Mn
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)PO
 
4
8.AB.10Sicklerite
Li
 
1-x
(Mn
3+
x
Mn
2+
1-x
)PO
 
4
8.AB.10Simferite
Li(Mg,Fe
3+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AB.10Triphylite
LiFe
2+
 
PO
 
4
8.AB.10Karenwebberite
Na(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)PO
 
4
8.AB.15Sarcopside
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AB.15Chopinite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AB.20Beusite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Ca,Mg)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AB.25Xanthiosite
Ni
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AB.30Lammerite
Cu
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AB.30Lammerite-β
Cu
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AB.35Mcbirneyite
Cu
 
3
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AB.35Stranskiite
Zn
 
2
Cu(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AB.35Pseudolyonsite
Cu
 
3
(VO
 
4
)
 
2
8.AB.40Lyonsite
Cu
 
3
Fe
 
4
(VO
 
4
)
 
6
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
19.12.1Metaswitzerite
Mn
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.12.2Bermanite
Mn
2+
 
Mn
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.12.3Natrophilite
NaMn
2+
 
PO
 
4
19.12.4Sidorenkite
Na
 
3
Mn
2+
 
(CO
 
3
)(PO
 
4
)
19.12.5Niahite
(NH
 
4
)(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)(PO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
19.12.6Robertsite
Ca
 
3
Mn
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.12.7Pararobertsite
Ca
 
2
Mn
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.12.8Sinkankasite
H
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Al(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 6H
 
2
O
19.12.9Mangangordonite
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.10Heterosite
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)PO
 
4
19.12.11Purpurite
(Mn
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)PO
 
4
19.12.12Wolfeite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
19.12.13Triploidite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
19.12.14Lipscombite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
19.12.15Frondelite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
5
19.12.16Rockbridgeite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
5
19.12.17Kryzhanovskite
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
19.12.18Landesite
Mn
2+
3-x
Fe
3+
x
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
x
· (3-x)H
 
2
O
19.12.19Phosphoferrite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.12.20Reddingite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.12.21Earlshannonite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.12.22Hureaulite
(Mn,Fe)
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.12.23Switzerite
(Mn,Fe)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 7H
 
2
O
19.12.24Laueite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.25Pseudolaueite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.26Strunzite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
19.12.27Stewartite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.28Alluaudite
(Na,Ca)Mn
2+
 
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite
(Na,Ca)Fe
2+
 
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.30Fillowite
{Mn
2+
 
}{Na
 
8
}{Ca
 
4
Na
 
4
}{(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
43
}(PO
 
4
)
 
36
19.12.31Johnsomervilleite
Na
 
10
Ca
 
6
Mg
 
18
Fe
 
25
(PO
 
4
)
 
36
19.12.32Wicksite
NaCa
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
4
MgFe
3+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)
{KNa}{Mn
2+
 
◻}{Ca}{Na
 
3
}{Mn
2+
13
}{Al}(PO
 
4
)
 
12
(OH)
 
2
19.12.34Sarcopside
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
19.12.35Ludlamite
(Fe,Mn,Mg)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.12.37Wilhelmvierlingite
CaMnFe
3+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
19.12.38Fairfieldite
Ca
 
2
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
19.12.39Beusite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Ca,Mg)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
19.12.40Messelite
Ca
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{Fe
2+
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{Mn
2+
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.44Keckite
CaMn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
(H
 
2
O)
 
7
19.12.45Stanfieldite
Ca
 
7
Ca
 
2
Mg
 
9
(PO
 
4
)
 
12
19.12.46Laubmannite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Ca)
 
3
Fe
3+
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
12
19.12.47Zodacite
Ca
 
4
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 12H
 
2
O
19.12.48Hagendorfite
NaCaMn
2+
 
Fe
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.49Maghagendorfite
(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe
2+
 
)Mn(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.50Varulite
NaCaMn
2+
 
Mn
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.51Griphite
Na
 
4
Li
 
2
Ca
 
6
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
19
Al
 
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
24
(F,OH)
 
8
19.12.52Attakolite
(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)
 
4
(HPO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
3
(SiO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
19.12.53Arrojadite-(KFe)
{KNa}{Fe
2+
 
◻}{Ca}{Na
 
2
◻}{Fe
2+
13
}{Al}(PO
 
4
)
 
11
(HPO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
19.12.54Lun'okite
(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO
 
4
)
 
2
OH · 4H
 
2
O
19.12.55Eosphorite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
19.12.56Ernstite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(OH,O)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
19.12.57Childrenite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
19.12.58Bobfergusonite
Na
 
2
Mn
 
5
FeAl(PO
 
4
)
 
6
19.12.59Qingheiite
NaMn
3+
 
Mg(Al,Fe
3+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg)
{Ca}{(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)}{Mg
 
2
}{Al
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{Mg
 
2
}{Al
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg)
{(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)}{(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)}{Mg
 
2
}{Al
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.63Rittmannite
{(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)}{Mn
2+
 
}{(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
}{(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.64Zanazziite
Ca
 
2
Mg
 
5
Be
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
19.12.65Samuelsonite
(Ca,Ba)Ca
 
8
Fe
2+
2
Mn
2+
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
10
(OH)
 
2

Other Names for Graftonite

Synonyms:
Repossite
Other Languages:
German:Graftonit
Russian:Графтонит
Simplified Chinese:磷锰铁矿
Spanish:Graftonita

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Not fluorescent.
Other Information:Readily soluble in acids.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Graftonite

Reference List:

- +
Penfield, S. L. (1900): On graftonite, a new mineral from Grafton, New Hampshire, and its intergrowth with triphylite. The American Journal of Science., 159, 20-32

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 81.

Berman (1927) American Mineralogist: 12: 170.

Grill (1935) Periodico de Mineralogia-Roma: 6: 19 (as Repossite).

Glass and Fahey (1937) American Mineralogist: 22: 1035.

Switzer (1937) American Mineralogist: 23: 814.

Tatarinov (1937) Micas of the U.S.S.R., Leningrad (Min. Abs. (1946): 9: 30).

Parker, de Quervain and Weber (1939) Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Frauenfeld: 9: 302.

Strunz (1939) Zentralblatt Mineralien: 248.

Frondel, C. (1941) American Mineralogist: 26: 145.

Lindberg (1950) American Mineralogist: 35: 59.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 686-688.

American Mineralogist (1968): 53: 742-750.

American Mineralogist 67:826 (1982) [crystal structure]

Referativnyi Zhurnal Geodeziya 6B: 258 (1985)

Internet Links for Graftonite

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  • Localities for Graftonite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Antarctica
     
    • Eastern Antarctica
      • Transantarctic Mts
        • Wisconsin Range
    AmMin 84:1354-1359
    American Mineralogist, Volume 84, pages 1354–1359, 1999
    Argentina
     
    • Chubut
      • Nueva Lubuka
    Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, volume 21, page 258, (1990)
    • San Luis
      • Coronel Pringles Department
        • Totoral pegmatitic field
    OYARZABAL, J. and GALLISKI, M.A.. Hureaulite, Mn+25(H2O)4[PO3(OH)]2[PO4]2, from different deposits of the Totoral pegmatitic field, San Luis. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.2, pp. 210-216.
    Australia
     
    • Queensland
      • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
        • Mount Isa district
    Costas Constantinides collection, Australian museum id
    • Western Australia
      • Upper Gascoyne Shire
        • Yinnietharra (Yinnietharra Station; Yinnetharra)
    Pegmatites of Western Australia; M.I. Jacobson, M.A. Calderwood, B.A. Grguric; Hesperian Press, Perth, WA
    Austria
     
    • Lower Austria
      • Wachau
        • Spitz
          • Miesling valley
    Brandstätter, F. und Niedermayr, G. (1988): 719. Graftonit aus dem Mieslingtal bei Spitz. Pp. 203-204 in: Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F., Moser, B. & Postl, W. (1988): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XXXVII. Carinthia II, 178./98., 181-214.; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Doce valley
        • Conselheiro Pena
    Canadian Mlneralogist Vol. 20, pp. 87-89 (1982)
        • Galiléia
          • Laranjeiras
    [MinRec 12:69]
    Canada
     
    • Ontario
      • Kenora District
        • Campfire Lake
    The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 36,pp. 367-376 (1998)
    China
     
    • Guangdong Province
      • Shaoguan Prefecture
        • Wengyuan Co.
    M. Chen and X. Xie, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 325-333.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
    Povondra, P., Pivec, E. (eds.) et al.: Přibyslavice peraluminuous granite. Acta universitatis carolinae, Geologica, 1987, no. 3, s . 183 – 283.
      • Plzeň Region
        • Domažlice (Taus)
    Weber, A.: Fosfáty z pegmatitů jz. Čech. Rozpravy II. třídy České akademie, 1948, roč. 58, č. 1.
        • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
          • Otov
    Čech F., Staněk J., Dávidová Š. (1981): Minerály pegmatitů. - in: Bernard J.H. [ed.]: Mineralogie Československa. Academia, Praha.
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Vysočina Region
        • Velké Meziříčí
    Škoda, R., Staněk, J., Čopjaková, R.: Minerální asociace fosfátových nodulí z granitického pegmatitu od Cyrilova u Velkého Meziříčí, Moldanubikum; část 1 – primární a exsoluční fáze. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 2007, 92, 59-74.
        • Žďár nad Sázavou
    Staněk, J.: Fosfáty železa a manganu z pegmatitů v okolí Borů. Minerál, 1999, roč. 7, č. 4, s. 289-293.
    Finland
     
    • Western and Inner Finland Region
      • Alajärvi
    Ilkka Mikkola collection
    France
     
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Pyrénées-Orientales
    P. Keller, F. Fontan, F. Velasco Roldan, J.C. Melgarejo i Draper : "Stanekite a new Phosphate Mineral in Pegmatites at Karibib (Namibia) and French Pyrénées (France)", European Journal of Mineralogy, 1977, 9, 475-482
          • Argelès-sur-Mer
    Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 135-137.
    BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012). Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association française de Microminéralogie,
          • Collioure (Cotlliure)
    BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012) Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association Française de Microminéralogie
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Lower Bavaria
        • Zwiesel
          • Rabenstein
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Waidhaus
          • Hagendorf
    http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
    Italy
     
    • Lombardy
      • Lecco Province
        • Colico
    Banti, M., Banti, R., Sorlini, A. & Tonali, F. (2011). Il filone della Malpensata a Piona (LC). Un classico tra storia e novità. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2011, 10-28
        • Dervio
    - Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai Minerali. Fratelli Fabbri, Ed., Milano, 208 pp.; Gramaccioli, C.M., Scaini, G., Gentile, P., De Michele, V., Mannucci, G. (1992): Natura in Lombardia. I Minerali. Regione Lombardia, Ed., Milano, 223 pp.
        • Vestreno
    Vignola et al. (2011): Complex mechanisms of alteration in a graftonite + sacropside+ triphylite association from the Luna pegmatite, Piona, Lecco Province, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 765-776.
      • Sondrio Province
        • Valchiavenna
          • Bodengo Valley
    Guastoni, A., et al. (2007): [Title]. Mineralogical Magazine 71,579-585
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Rabbi
    - Bertoldi G. e Boscardin M. (1989) – Crisoberillo ed altri minerali in una pegmatite della Val di Rabbi (Trentino). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 4 , pagg. 223-226.
            • Ceresè
    - Bertoldi G. e Boscardin M. (1989) – Crisoberillo ed altri minerali in una pegmatite della Val di Rabbi (Trentino). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 4 , pagg. 223-226.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kanto Region
        • Ibaraki Prefecture
          • Kasumigaura City
            • Chiyoda-machi
    Matsubara, S. & Kato, A. (1980) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 14, 269-286.
    Madagascar
     
    • Fianarantsoa Province
      • Amoron'i Mania Region
        • Ampandramaika-Malakialina Pegmatite Field
          • Ambatofinandrahana District
    Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
    Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 39
      • Matsiatra Region
        • Ampandramaika-Malakialina Pegmatite Field
          • Ikalamavony District
            • Fitampito Commune
              • Andanoa
    Collection Musée National de la Geologie at Ampandrianomby in Antananarivo, Madagascar. Inventory # 21695
    • Mahajanga Province (Majunga)
      • Betsiboka Region
        • Tsaratanàna District
          • Andriamena Commune
    Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
    Mexico
     
    • Chihuahua
      • Mun. de Jiménez
    Meteoritics 28:415 (July, 1993)
    Morocco
     
    • Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz Region
      • El Kelaâ des Sraghna Province
    Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Sowie Mts
    Pieczka A., Łobos K., Sachanbiński M. 2004: The first occurence of elbaite in Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 35, 3-14
      • Sudetes Mts
        • Sowie Mts
    Łodziński M. & Sitarz M. 2008: Chemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Some Phosphates Accessory Minerals from Pegmatites of the Sowie Mts (Owles Mts), SW Poland. EUCMOS, Spectroscopy Applied to Archaeology, Arts, Geology and Mineralogy, p. 278
      • Świdnica District
    Pieczka A., Golębiowska B., Skowroński A.: Ferrisicklerite and other phosphate minerals from the Lutomia pegmatite (SW Poland, Lower Silesia, Góry Sowie Mts.)
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
    Tatarinov (1937) Micas of the USSR, Leningrad [Min. Abs. (1946): 9:30]; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 688.
    Rwanda
     
    • Western Province
      • Gatumba District
    Knorring von, O., 1969. A note on the phosphate mineralisation at the Buranga pegmatite, Rwanda. Bulletin du Service Géologique de Rwanda 5, 42-45.; Daltry, V.D.C. and O. von Knorring (1998) Type-Mineralogy of Rwanda with Particular Reference to the Buranga Pegmatite. Geologica Belgica 1:1-9
    South Africa
     
    • Northern Cape Province
      • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
        • Aggeneys
    Mineralogical Magazine 66(6):915-927 (2002)
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Córdoba
        • Hornachuelos
    Calvo B., Gonzalez del Tanago Chanrai J.,Gonzalez del Tanago y del Rio J., (1991), "Los minerales y la mineria de la Sierra Albarrana y su entorno", ENRESA. Madrid, 203 pp
    • Castile and Leon
      • Salamanca
        • Garcirrey
    American Mineralogist 89:110-125 (2004); Encarnación Roda-Robles, Alfonso Pesquera (2007) Locality no. 4: The Phosphates-Rich Cañada Pegmatite (Aldehuela de La Bóveda, Salamanca, Spain) in ALEXANDRE LIMA & ENCARNACIÓN RODA ROBLES ed (2007) GRANITIC PEGMATITES: THE STATE OF THE ART - FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK. MEMÓRIAS N. º 9, UNIV. DO PORTO, FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS, DEPARTAMENTO DE GEOLOGIA pp 67-72.
    Encarnación Roda-Robles, Alfonso Pesquera (2007) Locality no. 3: Lepidolite-spodumene-rich and cassiterite-rich pegmatites from the Feli open-pit, (La Fregeneda, Salamanca, Spain) in ALEXANDRE LIMA & ENCARNACIÓN RODA ROBLES ed (2007) GRANITIC PEGMATITES: THE STATE OF THE ART - FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK. MEMÓRIAS N. º 9, UNIV. DO PORTO, FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS, DEPARTAMENTO DE GEOLOGIA pp 55-64
    • Catalonia
      • Girona (Gerona)
        • Alt Empordà
          • Cadaqués
    Bareche, E. (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Ed. Museu Mollfulleda de Mineralogia - Grup Mineralògic Català, 269 p.
    Sweden
     
    • Ångermanland
      • Örnsköldsvik
    Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
      • Sollefteå
    Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
    Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
    • Jämtland
      • Bräcke
    Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
    • Södermanland
      • Haninge
    Canadian Mineralogist (1998) 36 (2), 377-394
      • Norrö
    Gustafsson, Lars & Otter, Bertil (1991): Mineralförekomster i Stockholmstrakten.Del 2. STEIN 18(4),4-12
    Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
      • Stockholm
    Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
      • Utö
    Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
    Switzerland
     
    • Ticino (Tessin)
      • Lago Maggiore
    Vignola, P., Diella, V., Oppizzi, P., Tiepolo, M. & Weiss, S. (2008): Phosphate assemblages from the Brissago granitic pegmatite, Western Southern Alps, Switzerland. Can. Mineral. 46, 635-650.
    http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM35/AM35_59.pdf
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 688; Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 45
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 196.
    UK
     
    • Scotland
      • North West Highlands (Inverness-shire)
    Mineralogical Magazine (1980): 43: 833-836.
    USA
     
    • Arkansas
      • Independence Co.
    Meteoritics 28:415 (July, 1993)
    • Colorado
      • Larimer Co.
        • Crystal Mountain Pegmatite District (Storm Mountain District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
          • Storm Mountain
    Rocks & Min.: 62: 234.
        • Purple Haze and Rainbows End claims
    Mineralogical Record 22:382
    • Connecticut
      • Middlesex Co.
        • Haddam
          • Haddam Neck
    Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
    • Maine
      • Oxford Co.
        • Greenwood
    "Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998
    • New Hampshire
      • Cheshire Co.
        • Alstead
    Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
    Harvard Museum of Natural History, no.130841
    Peacor and Garske (1964): Sarcopside From Deering and East Alstead, New Hampshire (American Mineralogist: 49:1149-1150) ; American Mineralogist 50:1698–1707
      • Grafton Co.
        • Alexandria
    Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
        • Grafton
    Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 255
    Penfield, S. L. (1900): On graftonite, a new mineral from Grafton, New Hampshire, and its intergrowth with triphylite. The American Journal of Science. 159, 20-32; Catalogue of Type Mineral Specimens; Comm. on Museums (IMA).
    Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
        • Groton
    Rocks & Min.:65:359.
    Meyers & Stewart (1956) Geology of NH, Part 3:Minerals & Mines
    No reference listed
    Cameron, et. al. 1954. Pegmatite Investigations 1942-45 New England.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
    Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
    Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 255
    Rocks & Minerals: 16: 208-211; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 687.; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 255; USGS Prof Paper 353
    Whitmore, R.W. and Lawrence, R.C., Jr. (2004): The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo.
    Rocks & Min., May 1999.
    USGS Prof Paper 255
    USGS Prof Paper 255
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 687.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
    Cameron, et. al. 1954. Pegmatite Investigations 1942-45 New England.
    Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 255
    Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
        • Orange
    Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
    USGS Prof Paper 255
        • Rumney
    Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 255
      • Hillsborough Co.
        • Deering
    Rocks & Min. 80:256 (2005); Peacor and Garske (1964): Sarcopside From Deering and East Alstead, New Hampshire (American Mineralogist: 49:1149-1150); Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
      • Strafford Co.
        • Strafford
          • Parker Mountain
    Rocks & Min.:64:504; Switzer, The Paragenesis of the Center Strafford NH Pegmatite (AmMin 23:811); Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241; USGS Prof Paper 255; American Mineralogist 23:811
      • Sullivan Co.
        • Acworth
    Meyers & Stewart (1956). The Geology of NH: Part III Minerals and Mines. p.32
        • Claremont
    Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 255
        • Newport
    Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
        • Springfield
    Morrill, 1960. NH Mines and Mineral Localities.; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
    • New Mexico
      • Cibola Co.
        • Zuni Mountains District
    American Mineralogist, Volume 76, pages 1985-1989, 1991
    • South Dakota
      • Custer Co.
        • Custer District
          • Berne
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Prof Paper 297F
          • Custer
    Rocks & Min.:60:117.; Am Min (1969), 54:969-972
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
      • Pennington Co.
        • Keystone District
          • Keystone
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 680, 687; Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
    Zimbabwe
     
    • Mashonaland West
      • Karoi District (Urungwe; Hurungwe District)
    Gallagher, M.J. (1967): Phosphates and other minerals in pegmatites of Rhodesia and Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine. 36, 50-59
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