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Graftonite

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Formula:
(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3(PO4)2
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Usually reddish brown, ...
Hardness:
5
Name:
Named by Samuel L. Penfield in 1900 the type locality on Melvin Mountain, Grafton, Grafton County, New Hampshire, USA.
A primary phosphate mineral found in complex granitic pegmatites.

Chemically related to sarcoside.

Classification of Graftonite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
8.AB.20

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
B : With medium-sized cations
38.3.3.1

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
3 : (AB)3(XO4)2
19.12.36

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn
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Type Occurrence of Graftonite

Year of Discovery:
1900
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Complex granite pegmatite.

Occurrences of Graftonite

Geological Setting:
Complex granitic pegmatites.

Physical Properties of Graftonite

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
Usually reddish brown, occasionally light brown, rarely salmon-pink; nearly colorless in transmitted light.
Comment:
May be dark brown due to alteration.
Streak:
White to faintly pink, when unaltered.
Hardness (Mohs):
5
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {010}, good; on {100}, poor, but not eaily observed.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
3.67 - 3.79 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.95 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Measured values vary with the ratio of Fe:Mn:Ca. 3.775 = measured (from Nickel Plate Mine, SD, USA).

Crystallography of Graftonite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.87Å, b = 11.57Å, c = 6.17Å
β = 99.2°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.767 : 1 : 0.533
Unit Cell Volume:
V 625.06 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Generally found as parallel lamellae in triphylite or occasionally with other primary phosphates in granite pegmatite. Morphological "crystals" are essentially unknown. Pseudomorphs of heterosite after graftonite "crystals" are stout prismatic; also occurs as rough composite crystals of graftonite in triphylite.
Comment:
American Mineralogist 67:826 (1982) structure; Neutron diffraction indicates three distinct cation sites

Epitaxial Relationships of Graftonite

Epitaxial Minerals:
TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
Epitaxy Comments:
As coarsely laminated intergrowths with Triphylite, both phases mutually oriented with graftonite {010} [100] parallel to triphylite {102} [010].
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.42 (100)
3.02 (50)
2.92 (50)
2.91 (40)
2.84 (80)
2.83 (70)
2.79 (30)
2.73 (60)
Comments:
ICDD 27-250

Optical Data of Graftonite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.695 - 1.709 nβ = 1.699 - 1.714 nγ = 1.719 - 1.736
2V:
Measured: 20° to 60°, Calculated: 56°
Birefringence:
0.026
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.024 - 0.027
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
relatively weak to r>>v
Optical Extinction:
X = b, Z ^ c = 36°
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X = Colourless
Y = Colourless
Z = Pink

Chemical Properties of Graftonite

Formula:
(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3(PO4)2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Graftonite to other Species

8.AB.05FarringtoniteMg3(PO4)2
8.AB.10FerrisickleriteLi1-x(Fex3+Fe2+1-x)PO4
8.AB.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
8.AB.10LithiophiliteLiMn2+PO4
8.AB.10NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4
8.AB.10Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
8.AB.10SickleriteLi1-x(Mnx3+Mn2+1-x)PO4
8.AB.10SimferiteLi(Mg,Fe3+,Mn3+)2(PO4)2
8.AB.10TriphyliteLiFe2+PO4
8.AB.10KarenwebberiteNa(Fe2+,Mn2+)PO4
8.AB.15Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
8.AB.15Chopinite(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2
8.AB.20Beusite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Ca,Mg)3(PO4)2
8.AB.25XanthiositeNi3(AsO4)2
8.AB.30LammeriteCu3(AsO4)2
8.AB.30Lammerite-βCu3(AsO4)2
8.AB.35McbirneyiteCu3(VO4)2
8.AB.35StranskiiteZn2Cu(AsO4)2
8.AB.35PseudolyonsiteCu3(VO4)2
8.AB.40LyonsiteCu3Fe4(VO4)6
19.12.1MetaswitzeriteMn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.2BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
19.12.3NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4
19.12.4SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)
19.12.5Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2O
19.12.6RobertsiteCa3Mn43+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
19.12.7PararobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
19.12.8SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2O
19.12.9MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
19.12.11Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
19.12.12Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)
19.12.13Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
19.12.14LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
19.12.15FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
19.12.16RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
19.12.17Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
19.12.18LandesiteMn2+3-xFex3+(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
19.12.19Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
19.12.20Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
19.12.21EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
19.12.22Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.23Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
19.12.24LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.25PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.26StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
19.12.27StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.28Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
19.12.30Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
19.12.31JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36
19.12.32WicksiteNaCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)4MgFe3+(PO4)6 · 2H2O
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
19.12.34Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
19.12.35Ludlamite(Fe,Mn,Mg)3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.37WilhelmvierlingiteCaMnFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
19.12.38FairfielditeCa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
19.12.39Beusite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Ca,Mg)3(PO4)2
19.12.40MesseliteCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.44KeckiteCaMn2+Fe23+Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)3(H2O)7
19.12.45StanfielditeCa7Ca2Mg9(PO4)12
19.12.46Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
19.12.47ZodaciteCa4Mn2+Fe43+(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
19.12.48HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe22+(PO4)3
19.12.49Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3
19.12.50VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
19.12.51GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
19.12.52Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
19.12.53Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
19.12.54Lun'okite(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO4)2OH · 4H2O
19.12.55Eosphorite(Mn2+,Fe2+)Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
19.12.56Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
19.12.57Childrenite(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
19.12.58BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6
19.12.59QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg){Ca}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.63Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.64ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
19.12.65Samuelsonite(Ca,Ba)Ca8Fe22+Mn22+Al2(PO4)10(OH)2

Other Names for Graftonite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Graftonit
Simplified Chinese:磷锰铁矿
Spanish:Graftonita

Other Information

Other Information:
Readily soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Graftonite

Reference List:
Penfield, S. L. (1900): On graftonite, a new mineral from Grafton, New Hampshire, and its intergrowth with triphylite. The American Journal of Science., 159, 20-32

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 81.

Berman (1927) American Mineralogist: 12: 170.

Grill (1935) Periodico de Mineralogia-Roma: 6: 19 (as Repossite).

Glass and Fahey (1937) American Mineralogist: 22: 1035.

Switzer (1937) American Mineralogist: 23: 814.

Tatarinov (1937) Micas of the U.S.S.R., Leningrad (Min. Abs. (1946): 9: 30).

Parker, de Quervain and Weber (1939) Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Frauenfeld: 9: 302.

Strunz (1939) Zentralblatt Mineralien: 248.

Frondel, C. (1941) American Mineralogist: 26: 145.

Lindberg (1950) American Mineralogist: 35: 59.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 686-688.

American Mineralogist (1968): 53: 742-750.

American Mineralogist 67:826 (1982) [crystal structure]

Referativnyi Zhurnal Geodeziya 6B: 258 (1985)

Internet Links for Graftonite

Localities for Graftonite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Transantarctic Mts
      • Wisconsin Range
AmMin 84:1354-1359
American Mineralogist, Volume 84, pages 1354–1359, 1999
Argentina
 
  • Chubut
    • Tehuelches department
      • Nueva Lubecka
Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, volume 21, page 258, (1990)
  • San Luis
    • Coronel Pringles Department
      • Totoral pegmatitic field
OYARZABAL, J. and GALLISKI, M.A.. Hureaulite, Mn+25(H2O)4[PO3(OH)]2[PO4]2, from different deposits of the Totoral pegmatitic field, San Luis. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.2, pp. 210-216.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
      • Mount Isa district
Costas Constantinides collection, Australian museum id
  • Western Australia
    • Upper Gascoyne Shire
      • Yinnietharra (Yinnietharra Station; Yinnetharra)
Pegmatites of Western Australia; M.I. Jacobson, M.A. Calderwood, B.A. Grguric; Hesperian Press, Perth, WA
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Wachau
      • Spitz
        • Miesling valley
Brandstätter, F. und Niedermayr, G. (1988): 719. Graftonit aus dem Mieslingtal bei Spitz. Pp. 203-204 in: Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F., Moser, B. & Postl, W. (1988): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XXXVII. Carinthia II, 178./98., 181-214.; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Doce valley
      • Conselheiro Pena
Canadian Mlneralogist Vol. 20, pp. 87-89 (1982)
      • Galiléia
        • Laranjeiras
[MinRec 12:69]
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Campfire Lake
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 36,pp. 367-376 (1998)
China
 
  • Guangdong Province
    • Shaoguan Prefecture
      • Wengyuan Co.
M. Chen and X. Xie, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 325-333.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
Povondra, P., Pivec, E. (eds.) et al.: Přibyslavice peraluminuous granite. Acta universitatis carolinae, Geologica, 1987, no. 3, s . 183 – 283.
    • Plzeň Region
      • Domažlice (Taus)
Weber, A.: Fosfáty z pegmatitů jz. Čech. Rozpravy II. třídy České akademie, 1948, roč. 58, č. 1.
      • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
        • Otov
Čech F., Staněk J., Dávidová Š. (1981): Minerály pegmatitů. - in: Bernard J.H. [ed.]: Mineralogie Československa. Academia, Praha.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Velké Meziříčí
Škoda, R., Staněk, J., Čopjaková, R.: Minerální asociace fosfátových nodulí z granitického pegmatitu od Cyrilova u Velkého Meziříčí, Moldanubikum; část 1 – primární a exsoluční fáze. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. geol., 2007, 92, 59-74.
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
Staněk, J.: Fosfáty železa a manganu z pegmatitů v okolí Borů. Minerál, 1999, roč. 7, č. 4, s. 289-293.
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Alajärvi
Ilkka Mikkola collection
France
 
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
P. Keller, F. Fontan, F. Velasco Roldan, J.C. Melgarejo i Draper : "Stanekite a new Phosphate Mineral in Pegmatites at Karibib (Namibia) and French Pyrénées (France)", European Journal of Mineralogy, 1977, 9, 475-482
        • Argelès-sur-Mer
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 135-137.
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012). Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association française de Microminéralogie,
        • Collioure (Cotlliure)
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012) Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association Française de Microminéralogie
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Zwiesel
        • Rabenstein
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Lecco Province
      • Colico
        • Piona Peninsula
Banti, M., Banti, R., Sorlini, A. & Tonali, F. (2011). Il filone della Malpensata a Piona (LC). Un classico tra storia e novità. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2011, 10-28; Vignola P., Fransolet A.-M., Guastoni A., Appiani R. (2011): Le pegmatiti di Piona. Recenti studi sui filoni Malpensata, Luna e Sommafiume. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 35, 1, 30-38.
      • Dervio
- Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai Minerali. Fratelli Fabbri, Ed., Milano, 208 pp.; Gramaccioli, C.M., Scaini, G., Gentile, P., De Michele, V., Mannucci, G. (1992): Natura in Lombardia. I Minerali. Regione Lombardia, Ed., Milano, 223 pp.; Magistretti L. (1946): Osservazioni sui nuovi filoni pegmatitici individuati alle falde del M. Legnoncino, sopra il laghetto di Piona e in particolare sui minerali della pegmatite presso l'Alpe Sommafiume. Atti Soc. Ital. Sc. Nat., 85, 136-146; Fagnani G., Battaini C. (1948): Itinerari mineralogici. Comune di Dervio. Filone di pegmatite di Sommafiume. Natura, 39, 2, 89-93; Scaini G. (1972): Filone di pegmatite di Sommafiume. miniera Marategno in località Alpe di Sommafiume. In: Boscardin M., de Michele V., Scaini G. (eds.), Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Museo Civico di Storia Naturale e Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali, Milano, 50-52; Del Caldo A., Moro C., Gramaccioli C.M., Boscardin M. (1973): Guida ai Minerali. Fratelli Fabbri Ed., Milano, 208 pp.; Gramaccioli C.M. (1975): Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol., 472 pp.; Vignola P., Fransolet A.-M., Guastoni A., Appiani R. (2011): Le pegmatiti di Piona. Recenti studi sui filoni Malpensata, Luna e Sommafiume. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 35, 1, 30-38.
      • Dorio
Vignola et al. (2011): Complex mechanisms of alteration in a graftonite + sacropside+ triphylite association from the Luna pegmatite, Piona, Lecco Province, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 765-776.; Scaini G. (1970): Filone pegmatitico "Luna". In: Boscardin M., De Michele V., Scaini G., 1970, Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Ed. Museo Civ. St. Nat. e Soc. It. Sci. Nat., Milano, page 53.
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valchiavenna
        • Bodengo Valley
Guastoni, A., et al. (2007): [Title]. Mineralogical Magazine 71,579-585
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Sole Valley
        • Rabbi
- Bertoldi G. e Boscardin M. (1989) – Crisoberillo ed altri minerali in una pegmatite della Val di Rabbi (Trentino). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 4 , pagg. 223-226.
            • Ceresè
- Bertoldi G. e Boscardin M. (1989) – Crisoberillo ed altri minerali in una pegmatite della Val di Rabbi (Trentino). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 4 , pagg. 223-226.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Ibaraki Prefecture
        • Kasumigaura City
          • Chiyoda-machi
Matsubara, S. & Kato, A. (1980) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 14, 269-286.
Madagascar
 
  • Fianarantsoa Province
    • Amoron'i Mania Region
      • Ampandramaika-Malakialina Pegmatite Field
        • Ambatofinandrahana District
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 39
    • Matsiatra Region
      • Ampandramaika-Malakialina Pegmatite Field
        • Ikalamavony District
          • Fitampito Commune
            • Andanoa
Collection Musée National de la Geologie at Ampandrianomby in Antananarivo, Madagascar. Inventory # 21695
  • Mahajanga Province (Majunga)
    • Betsiboka Region
      • Tsaratanàna District
        • Andriamena Commune
Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Jiménez
Meteoritics 28:415 (July, 1993)
Morocco
 
  • Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz Region
    • El Kelaâ des Sraghna Province
Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Sowie Mts
Pieczka A., Łobos K., Sachanbiński M. 2004: The first occurence of elbaite in Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 35, 3-14
    • Sudetes Mts
      • Sowie Mts
Łodziński M. & Sitarz M. 2008: Chemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Some Phosphates Accessory Minerals from Pegmatites of the Sowie Mts (Owles Mts), SW Poland. EUCMOS, Spectroscopy Applied to Archaeology, Arts, Geology and Mineralogy, p. 278
    • Świdnica District
Pieczka A., Golębiowska B., Skowroński A.: Ferrisicklerite and other phosphate minerals from the Lutomia pegmatite (SW Poland, Lower Silesia, Góry Sowie Mts.)
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
Tatarinov (1937) Micas of the USSR, Leningrad [Min. Abs. (1946): 9:30]; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 688.
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
    • Gatumba District
Knorring von, O., 1969. A note on the phosphate mineralisation at the Buranga pegmatite, Rwanda. Bulletin du Service Géologique de Rwanda 5, 42-45.; Daltry, V.D.C. and O. von Knorring (1998) Type-Mineralogy of Rwanda with Particular Reference to the Buranga Pegmatite. Geologica Belgica 1:1-9
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
      • Aggeneys
Mineralogical Magazine 66(6):915-927 (2002)
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Córdoba
      • Hornachuelos
Calvo B., Gonzalez del Tanago Chanrai J.,Gonzalez del Tanago y del Rio J., (1991), "Los minerales y la mineria de la Sierra Albarrana y su entorno", ENRESA. Madrid, 203 pp
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
      • Garcirrey
American Mineralogist 89:110-125 (2004); Encarnación Roda-Robles, Alfonso Pesquera (2007) Locality no. 4: The Phosphates-Rich Cañada Pegmatite (Aldehuela de La Bóveda, Salamanca, Spain) in ALEXANDRE LIMA & ENCARNACIÓN RODA ROBLES ed (2007) GRANITIC PEGMATITES: THE STATE OF THE ART - FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK. MEMÓRIAS N. º 9, UNIV. DO PORTO, FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS, DEPARTAMENTO DE GEOLOGIA pp 67-72.
Encarnación Roda-Robles, Alfonso Pesquera (2007) Locality no. 3: Lepidolite-spodumene-rich and cassiterite-rich pegmatites from the Feli open-pit, (La Fregeneda, Salamanca, Spain) in ALEXANDRE LIMA & ENCARNACIÓN RODA ROBLES ed (2007) GRANITIC PEGMATITES: THE STATE OF THE ART - FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK. MEMÓRIAS N. º 9, UNIV. DO PORTO, FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS, DEPARTAMENTO DE GEOLOGIA pp 55-64
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Alt Empordà
        • Cadaqués
Bareche, E. (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Ed. Museu Mollfulleda de Mineralogia - Grup Mineralògic Català, 269 p.
Sweden
 
  • Ångermanland
    • Örnsköldsvik
Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
    • Sollefteå
Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
  • Jämtland
    • Bräcke
Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
  • Södermanland
    • Haninge
Canadian Mineralogist (1998) 36 (2), 377-394
    • Norrö
Gustafsson, Lars & Otter, Bertil (1991): Mineralförekomster i Stockholmstrakten.Del 2. STEIN 18(4),4-12
Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
    • Stockholm
Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
    • Utö
Smeds, S-A., Uher, P., Cerny, P., Wise, M.A., Gustafsson, L. & Penner, P. (1998): Graftonite-beusite in Sweden: primary phases, products of exsolution, and distribution in zoned populations of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 377-394.
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Lago Maggiore
Vignola, P., Diella, V., Oppizzi, P., Tiepolo, M. & Weiss, S. (2008): Phosphate assemblages from the Brissago granitic pegmatite, Western Southern Alps, Switzerland. Can. Mineral. 46, 635-650.
http://www.minsocam.org/ammin/AM35/AM35_59.pdf
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 688; Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 45
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 196.
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
Mineralogical Magazine (1980): 43: 833-836.
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Independence Co.
Meteoritics 28:415 (July, 1993)
  • Colorado
    • Larimer Co.
      • Crystal Mountain Pegmatite District (Storm Mountain District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
        • Storm Mountain
Rocks & Min.: 62: 234.
      • Purple Haze and Rainbows End claims
Mineralogical Record 22:382
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
        • Haddam Neck
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Greenwood
"Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998
  • New Hampshire
    • Cheshire Co.
      • Alstead
Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
Harvard Museum of Natural History, no.130841
Peacor and Garske (1964): Sarcopside From Deering and East Alstead, New Hampshire (American Mineralogist: 49:1149-1150) ; American Mineralogist 50:1698–1707
    • Grafton Co.
      • Alexandria
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
      • Grafton
Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 255
Penfield, S. L. (1900): On graftonite, a new mineral from Grafton, New Hampshire, and its intergrowth with triphylite. The American Journal of Science. 159, 20-32; Catalogue of Type Mineral Specimens; Comm. on Museums (IMA).
Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
      • Groton
Rocks & Min.:65:359.
Meyers & Stewart (1956) Geology of NH, Part 3:Minerals & Mines
No reference listed
Cameron, et. al. 1954. Pegmatite Investigations 1942-45 New England.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 255
Rocks & Minerals: 16: 208-211; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 687.; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 255; USGS Prof Paper 353
Whitmore, R.W. and Lawrence, R.C., Jr. (2004): The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo.
Rocks & Min., May 1999.
USGS Prof Paper 255
USGS Prof Paper 255
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 687.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Cameron, et. al. 1954. Pegmatite Investigations 1942-45 New England.
Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 255
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
      • Orange
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
USGS Prof Paper 255
      • Rumney
Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 255
    • Hillsborough Co.
      • Deering
Rocks & Min. 80:256 (2005); Peacor and Garske (1964): Sarcopside From Deering and East Alstead, New Hampshire (American Mineralogist: 49:1149-1150); Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
    • Strafford Co.
      • Strafford
        • Parker Mountain
Rocks & Min.:64:504; Switzer, The Paragenesis of the Center Strafford NH Pegmatite (AmMin 23:811); Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241; USGS Prof Paper 255; American Mineralogist 23:811
    • Sullivan Co.
      • Acworth
Meyers & Stewart (1956). The Geology of NH: Part III Minerals and Mines. p.32
      • Claremont
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; USGS Prof Paper 255
      • Newport
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
      • Springfield
Morrill, 1960. NH Mines and Mineral Localities.; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
  • New Mexico
    • Cibola Co.
      • Zuni Mountains District
American Mineralogist, Volume 76, pages 1985-1989, 1991
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Berne
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; USGS Prof Paper 297F
        • Custer
Rocks & Min.:60:117.; Am Min (1969), 54:969-972
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Keystone
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 680, 687; Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland West
    • Karoi District (Urungwe; Hurungwe District)
Gallagher, M.J. (1967): Phosphates and other minerals in pegmatites of Rhodesia and Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine. 36, 50-59
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