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Gunningite

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Formula:
ZnSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:White to colorless
Hardness:
Member of:Kieserite Group
Name:For Dr. Henry Cecil Gunning (1901-1991), Geological Survey Canada


Kieserite Group.

May originate as a dehydration product of boyleite.

Classification of Gunningite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:6/C.01-60
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:7.CB.05

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
Dana 8th edition ID:29.6.2.5

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
6 : AXO4·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:25.5.11

25 : Sulphates
5 : Sulphates of Zn and Hg
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Type Occurrence of Gunningite

Type Locality:Comstock-Keno Mine, Keno Hill, Mayo Mining District, Yukon Territory, Canada
Year of Discovery:1962

Occurrences of Gunningite

Geological Setting:Oxidation zone of sphalerite bearing deposits in dry zones. Alteration product in museums.

Physical Properties of Gunningite

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:White to colorless
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):
Density (measured):3.195 g/cm3
Density (calculated):3.369 g/cm3
Comment:On synthetic material

Crystallography of Gunningite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:B2/b
Cell Parameters:a = 7.5Å, b = 7.58Å, c = 6.93Å
β = 116.24°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.989 : 1 : 0.914
Unit Cell Volume:V 353.37 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Delicate, cryptocrystalline efflorescences.
Comment:On synthetic material
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
4.81 (39)
4.759 (39)
3.404 (100)
3.348 (23)
3.307 (28)
3.056 (47)
2.5185 (46)

Optical Data of Gunningite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.570 nβ = 1.576 nγ = 1.630
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.060

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low
Dispersion:r > v

Chemical Properties of Gunningite

Formula:
ZnSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:ZnSO4·H2O
Essential elements:H, O, S, Zn
All elements listed in formula:H, O, S, Zn

Relationship of Gunningite to other Species

Member of:Kieserite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Cobaltkieserite
CoSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
Dwornikite
(Ni,Fe)SO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
Kieserite
MgSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
Szmikite
MnSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
Szomolnokite
FeSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
7.CB.05Dwornikite
(Ni,Fe)SO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Kieserite
MgSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Poitevinite
(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Szmikite
MnSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Szomolnokite
FeSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Cobaltkieserite
CoSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.07Sanderite
MgSO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
7.CB.10Bonattite
CuSO
 
4
· 3H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Aplowite
(Co,Mn,Ni)SO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Boyleite
(Zn,Mg)SO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Ilesite
(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Rozenite
FeSO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Starkeyite
MgSO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Drobecite
CdSO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Cranswickite
MgSO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.20Chalcanthite
CuSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
7.CB.20Jôkokuite
MnSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
7.CB.20Pentahydrite
MgSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
7.CB.20Siderotil
FeSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Bianchite
(Zn,Fe)SO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite
(Mn,Mg)SO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Ferrohexahydrite
FeSO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Hexahydrite
MgSO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Moorhouseite
(Co,Ni,Mn)SO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite
(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.30Retgersite
NiSO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Bieberite
CoSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Boothite
CuSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Mallardite
MnSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Melanterite
FeSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite
(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Alpersite
(Mg,Cu)[SO
 
4
] · 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.40Epsomite
MgSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.40Goslarite
ZnSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.40Morenosite
NiSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.45Alunogen
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 17H
 
2
O
7.CB.45Meta-alunogen
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 12H
 
2
O
7.CB.50Aluminocoquimbite
FeAl(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 9H
 
2
O
7.CB.55Coquimbite
Fe
 
2-x
Al
 
x
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 9H
 
2
O, x ~0.5
7.CB.55Paracoquimbite
Fe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 9H
 
2
O
7.CB.55Rhomboclase
(H
 
5
O
 
2
)Fe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
7.CB.60Kornelite
Fe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.65Quenstedtite
Fe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 10H
 
2
O
7.CB.70Lausenite
Fe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
·6H
 
2
O
7.CB.75Lishizhenite
ZnFe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 14H
 
2
O
7.CB.75Römerite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 14H
 
2
O
7.CB.80Ransomite
CuFe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Apjohnite
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Bílinite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Dietrichite
(Zn,Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Halotrichite
FeAl
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Pickeringite
MgAl
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Redingtonite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
·22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Wupatkiite
(Co,Mg,Ni)Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
·22H
 
2
O
7.CB.90Meridianiite
MgSO
 
4
· 11H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
25.5.1Zinkosite
ZnSO
 
4
25.5.2Goslarite
ZnSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
25.5.3Namuwite
(Zn,Cu)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
· 4H
 
2
O
25.5.4Ktenasite
Zn(Cu,Zn)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 6H
 
2
O
25.5.5Ramsbeckite
(Cu,Zn)
 
15
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
22
· 6H
 
2
O
25.5.6Boyleite
(Zn,Mg)SO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
25.5.7Serpierite
Ca(Cu,Zn)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
25.5.8Orthoserpierite
Ca(Cu,Zn)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 3H
 
2
O
25.5.9Zincaluminite
Zn
 
6
Al
 
6
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
16
· 5H
 
2
O
25.5.10Glaucocerinite
(Zn
 
1-x
Al
 
x
)(OH)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
x/2
· nH
 
2
O
25.5.12Chaidamuite
ZnFe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 4H
 
2
O
25.5.13Bianchite
(Zn,Fe)SO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
25.5.15Zincmelanterite
(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
25.5.16Zincobotryogen
(Zn,Mg,Mn
2+
 
)Fe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 7H
 
2
O
25.5.17Schuetteite
Hg
2+
3
(SO
 
4
)O
 
2
25.5.18Gianellaite
(Hg
 
2
N)
 
2
SO
 
4

Other Names for Gunningite

Other Languages:
German:Gunningit
Russian:Ганнингит
Spanish:Gunningita

Other Information

Other Information:Soluble in water.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Gunningite

Reference List:

- +
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.

American Mineralogist: 47: 1218.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1991): 296-306.

Internet Links for Gunningite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Gunningite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Gunningite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Yancowinna Co.
    Birch BH Book
    Canada
     
    • New Brunswick
      • Gloucester Co.
        • Bathurst Parish
          • Bathurst Mining Camp
    Handbook of Mineralogy; Anderson, J. L., Peterson, R. C., & Swainson, I. (2012). The atomic structure of deuterated boyleite ZnSO4· 4D2O, ilesite MnSO4· 4D2O, and bianchite ZnSO4· 6D2O. American Mineralogist, 97(11-12), 1905-1914.
    • Newfoundland and Labrador
      • Newfoundland
        • Buchans
    Sabina (2003) 94.
    SABINA, A.P. (1976): Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Magdalen Islands, Quebec and the island of Newfoundland. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 75-36, 199p. Reissued in 2003 as Île de la Madeleine, Quebec, the Island of Newfoundland and Labrador. Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 58, 94-97.
    SABINA, A.P. (1976): Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Magdalen Islands, Quebec and the island of
    • Nunavut Territory
      • Baffin Island
        • Nanisivik
    [MinRec 21:533]
    • Ontario
      • Wentworth Co.
        • West Flamborough Township
          • Dundas Quarry (Redland; Quarry; Lafarge Quarry; Steetly Quarry; Steetley Quarry; Canada Crushed Stone Quarry)
    Geological Survey of Canada Misc. Report 39.
    Ann P.Sabina (1986), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Bancroft-Parry Sound Area and Southern Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 39
    • Québec
      • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
        • Abitibi RCM
          • Barraute
    SABINA, A.P. (2003): Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Kirkland Lake - Rouyn-Noranda - Val d'Or, Ontario & Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, 175.
        • Rouyn-Noranda TE
    SABINA, A.P. (2003): Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Kirkland Lake - Rouyn-Noranda - Val d'Or, Ontario & Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, 70.
    • Yukon Territory
      • Mayo Mining District
    Sabina (1992) gsc mr 50, 80-84
          • Calumet
    Can Min 7:209-218; Jambor J L, Boyle R W (1962) Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill – Galena Hill area, Yukon, The Canadian Mineralogist 7, 209-218
    J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
          • Elsa
    J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
    J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
    J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
    Sabina (1992) GSC MP 50, 80-84
    JAMBOR, J.L. & BOYLE, R.W. (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill B Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
    J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
    J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • Antofagasta Province
    [MinRec 32:209]
          • Caracoles
    Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Hradec Králové Region
        • Trutnov (Trautenau)
          • Radvanice
    Sejkora, J., Kotrlý, M.: Sulfáty vysokoteplotní oxidační minerální asociace; hořící odval dolu Kateřina v Radvanicích v Čechách. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2001, roč. 9, s. 261-267.
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
    Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Münstertal
          • Kropbach
    S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Goslar
          • Rammelsberg
    RRUFF sample R070571
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Niederberg area
        • Velbert
    Lapis 1988(1), 14-33
        • Wülfrath
          • Rohdenhaus
    Lapis 1988(1), 16-35
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
    Handbook of Mineralogy
    Hungary
     
    • Heves Co.
      • Mátra Mtns
        • Mátraszentimre
    Szakáll S.,2011,University of Miskolc, Department of Mineralogy and Petrology
    Italy
     
    • Sardinia
      • Cagliari Province
        • Villaputzu
    Ciriotti M.E. & Blass.G. (2010): Pot-pourri 2009: identificazioni UKiS AMI. Minerali italiani di interesse. Micro (UK report), 2/2010, 124-127
    Norway
     
    • Buskerud
      • Modum
        • Åmot
    Raade,G.(1995): Secondary Zn and Cu minerals from contact deposits of the Oslo region, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 9, 18-26; Neumann (1985, p. 108).
    Portugal
     
    • Aveiro District
      • Albergaria-a-Velha
        • Branca
    Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
    • Viana do Castelo District
      • Ponte de Lima
        • Estorãos
    Russia
     
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
    E. Shcherbakova et al. : "The rarest Cobalt-Containing Sulfates from the South Ural, Russia", 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 2004, Vol 16, N°2.
    Switzerland
     
    • Vaud (Waadt)
      • Bex
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 202.
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Martigny
        • Mont Chemin
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 121+202.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Mule Mts
          • Warren District
    Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Colorado
      • Eagle Co.
        • Gilman District (Battle Mountain District; Red Cliff District)
          • Gilman
    "Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", pp. 13-14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
      • Mineral Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Nevada
      • Eureka Co.
        • Lynn District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Utah
      • Utah Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Virginia
      • Louisa Co.
        • Gold-Pyrite Belt
    Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    Mineral and/or Locality  
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