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Gunningite

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Formula:
ZnSO4 · H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
White to colorless
Hardness:
Member of:
Name:
For Dr. Henry Cecil Gunning (1901-1991), Geological Survey Canada
Kieserite Group.

May originate as a dehydration product of boyleite.

Classification of Gunningite

Approved
7.CB.05

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
29.6.2.5

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
6 : AXO4·xH2O
25.5.11

25 : Sulphates
5 : Sulphates of Zn and Hg
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Type Occurrence of Gunningite

Year of Discovery:
1962

Occurrences of Gunningite

Geological Setting:
Oxidation zone of sphalerite bearing deposits in dry zones. Alteration product in museums.

Physical Properties of Gunningite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
White to colorless
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
Density:
3.195 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.369 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
On synthetic material

Crystallography of Gunningite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/b
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.5Å, b = 7.58Å, c = 6.93Å
β = 116.24°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.989 : 1 : 0.914
Unit Cell Volume:
V 353.37 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Delicate, cryptocrystalline efflorescences.
Comment:
On synthetic material
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.81 (39)
4.759 (39)
3.404 (100)
3.348 (23)
3.307 (28)
3.056 (47)
2.5185 (46)

Optical Data of Gunningite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.570 nβ = 1.576 nγ = 1.630
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.060
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
r > v

Chemical Properties of Gunningite

Formula:
ZnSO4 · H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Gunningite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2O
Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2O
KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2O
SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
7.CB.05Dwornikite(Ni,Fe)SO4 · H2O
7.CB.05KieseriteMgSO4 · H2O
7.CB.05Poitevinite(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO4 · H2O
7.CB.05SzmikiteMnSO4 · H2O
7.CB.05SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
7.CB.05CobaltkieseriteCoSO4 · H2O
7.CB.07SanderiteMgSO4 · 2H2O
7.CB.10BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
7.CB.15Aplowite(Co,Mn,Ni)SO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15Ilesite(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15RozeniteFeSO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15DrobeciteCdSO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.15CranswickiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
7.CB.20ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
7.CB.20JôkokuiteMnSO4 · 5H2O
7.CB.20PentahydriteMgSO4 · 5H2O
7.CB.20SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
7.CB.25Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite(Mn,Mg)SO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25Moorhouseite(Co,Ni,Mn)SO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.30RetgersiteNiSO4 · 6H2O
7.CB.35BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35MallarditeMnSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35MelanteriteFeSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.35Alpersite(Mg,Cu)[SO4] · 7H2O
7.CB.40EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.40GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.40MorenositeNiSO4 · 7H2O
7.CB.45AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
7.CB.45Meta-alunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 12H2O
7.CB.50AluminocoquimbiteFeAl(SO4)3 · 9H2O
7.CB.55CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
7.CB.55ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
7.CB.55Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
7.CB.60KorneliteFe2(SO4)3 · 7H2O
7.CB.65QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 10H2O
7.CB.70LauseniteFe2(SO4)3·5H2O
7.CB.75LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
7.CB.75RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
7.CB.80RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
7.CB.85ApjohniteMn2+Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85BíliniteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
7.CB.85Redingtonite(Fe2+,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)2(SO4)4·22H2O
7.CB.85Wupatkiite(Co,Mg,Ni)Al2(SO4)4·22H2O
7.CB.90MeridianiiteMgSO4 · 11H2O
25.5.1ZinkositeZnSO4
25.5.2GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
25.5.3Namuwite(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
25.5.4KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
25.5.5Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
25.5.6Boyleite(Zn,Mg)SO4 · 4H2O
25.5.7SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
25.5.8OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
25.5.9ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
25.5.10Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
25.5.12ChaidamuiteZnFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
25.5.13Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
25.5.15Zincmelanterite(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO4 · 7H2O
25.5.16Zincobotryogen(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)Fe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
25.5.17SchuetteiteHg32+(SO4)O2
25.5.18Gianellaite(Hg2N)2SO4

Other Names for Gunningite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Soluble in water.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Gunningite

Reference List:
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.

American Mineralogist: 47: 1218.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1991): 296-306.

Internet Links for Gunningite

Localities for Gunningite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
Birch BH Book
Canada
 
  • New Brunswick
    • Gloucester Co.
      • Bathurst Parish
        • Bathurst Mining Camp
Handbook of Mineralogy; Anderson, J. L., Peterson, R. C., & Swainson, I. (2012). The atomic structure of deuterated boyleite ZnSO4· 4D2O, ilesite MnSO4· 4D2O, and bianchite ZnSO4· 6D2O. American Mineralogist, 97(11-12), 1905-1914.
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
      • Buchans
Sabina (2003) 94.
SABINA, A.P. (1976): Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Magdalen Islands, Quebec and the island of Newfoundland. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 75-36, 199p. Reissued in 2003 as Île de la Madeleine, Quebec, the Island of Newfoundland and Labrador. Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 58, 94-97.
SABINA, A.P. (1976): Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Magdalen Islands, Quebec and the island of
  • Nunavut Territory
    • Baffin Island
      • Nanisivik
[MinRec 21:533]
  • Ontario
    • Wentworth Co.
      • West Flamborough Township
        • Dundas Quarry (Redland; Quarry; Lafarge Quarry; Steetly Quarry; Steetley Quarry; Canada Crushed Stone Quarry)
Geological Survey of Canada Misc. Report 39.
Ann P.Sabina (1986), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Bancroft-Parry Sound Area and Southern Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 39
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • Barraute
SABINA, A.P. (2003): Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Kirkland Lake - Rouyn-Noranda - Val d'Or, Ontario & Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, 175.
      • Rouyn-Noranda TE
SABINA, A.P. (2003): Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Kirkland Lake - Rouyn-Noranda - Val d'Or, Ontario & Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, 70.
  • Yukon Territory
    • Mayo Mining District
Sabina (1992) gsc mr 50, 80-84
        • Calumet
Can Min 7:209-218; Jambor J L, Boyle R W (1962) Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill – Galena Hill area, Yukon, The Canadian Mineralogist 7, 209-218
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
        • Elsa
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
Sabina (1992) GSC MP 50, 80-84
JAMBOR, J.L. & BOYLE, R.W. (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill B Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
J. L. Jambor and R. W. Boyle (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill-Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
[MinRec 32:209]
        • Caracoles
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Hradec Králové Region
      • Trutnov (Trautenau)
        • Radvanice
Sejkora, J., Kotrlý, M.: Sulfáty vysokoteplotní oxidační minerální asociace; hořící odval dolu Kateřina v Radvanicích v Čechách. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2001, roč. 9, s. 261-267.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Münstertal
        • Kropbach
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
        • Rammelsberg
RRUFF sample R070571
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Niederberg area
      • Velbert
Lapis 1988(1), 14-33
      • Wülfrath
        • Rohdenhaus
Lapis 1988(1), 16-35
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
Handbook of Mineralogy
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Mátraszentimre
Szakáll S.,2011,University of Miskolc, Department of Mineralogy and Petrology
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Villaputzu
Ciriotti M.E. & Blass.G. (2010): Pot-pourri 2009: identificazioni UKiS AMI. Minerali italiani di interesse. Micro (UK report), 2/2010, 124-127
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Modum
      • Åmot
Raade,G.(1995): Secondary Zn and Cu minerals from contact deposits of the Oslo region, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 9, 18-26; Neumann (1985, p. 108).
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
  • Viana do Castelo District
    • Ponte de Lima
      • Estorãos
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Deva
Andrei I. Apopei, Nicolae Buzgar, Gheorghe Damian, and Andrei Buzatu (2014) the Raman Study of Weathering Minerals from the Coranda-Hondol Open Pit (Certej Gold-silver Deposit) and Their Photochemical Degradation Products Under Laser Irradiation. Can Mineral 52:1027-1038.
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
E. Shcherbakova et al. : "The rarest Cobalt-Containing Sulfates from the South Ural, Russia", 5th International Conference "Mineralogy & Museums", Paris, Sept. 5-8th 2004, Bull. de Liaison de la Soc. Franç. de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, 2004, Vol 16, N°2.
Switzerland
 
  • Vaud (Waadt)
    • Bex
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 202.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 121+202.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Colorado
    • Eagle Co.
      • Gilman District (Battle Mountain District; Red Cliff District)
        • Gilman
"Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", pp. 13-14, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997
    • Mineral Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Utah
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Virginia
    • Louisa Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Mineral and/or Locality  
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