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Goyazite

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Formula:
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
System:TrigonalColour:White, Yellow, ...
Lustre:Resinous, Greasy, PearlyHardness:4½ - 5
Member of:Plumbogummite Group > Alunite Supergroup
Name:Named in 1884 by Augustin Alexis Damour for the province of Goyaz (now Goiás), Brazil. (Note: Although the mineral's type locality is in the province of Minas Gerais, the mineral is named after the neighboring province.)
Isostructural with:Gorceixite


The strontium analogue of crandallite and plumbogummite, and the phosphate analogue of arsenogoyazite.

Classification of Goyazite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/B.36-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.BL.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
L : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 3:1
Dana 8th edition ID:42.7.3.3

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
7 : (AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:19.5.3

19 : Phosphates
5 : Phosphates of Sr and Ba
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Type Occurrence of Goyazite

Type Locality:Diamantina, Jequitinhonha valley, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Year of Discovery:1884
Geological Setting of type material:Placer nodules

Occurrences of Goyazite

Geological Setting:Granitic pegmatites; hydrothermal argillic alteration zones; in kaolinitic claystones derived from air-fall volcanic tuffs; sedimentary phosphate deposits, carbonatites; detrital deposits, including diamantiferous sands.

Physical Properties of Goyazite

Lustre:Resinous, Greasy, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Comment:Pearly on {0001} cleavage.
Colour:White, Yellow, honey-yellow, pink, lilac, orange or colourless; colourless in transmitted light.
Hardness (Mohs):4½ - 5
Tenacity:Very brittle
Cleavage:Perfect
On {0001}, perfect.
Density (measured):3.26 g/cm3
Density (calculated):3.29 g/cm3

Crystallography of Goyazite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Class (H-M):3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:R3m
Space Group Setting:R3m
Cell Parameters:a = 7.015Å, c = 16.558Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 2.36
Unit Cell Volume:V 705.66 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:3
Morphology:Crystals rhombohedral, up to 2 cm, pseudocubic or flattened on {0001}, with {1012} striated (?) [0001], {2021}, {0111}, small {0001}, rarely paper thin plates with large {0001}; may be composite; massive, in detrital pebbles (favas) and grains.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
5.704 (65)
3.511 (40)
2.991 (13)
2.965 (100)
2.765 (20)
2.209 (45)
1.903 (20)
Comments:ICDD 34-152

Optical Data of Goyazite

Type:Uniaxial (+)
RI values: nω = 1.620 - 1.635 nε = 1.630 - 1.651
2V:Measured: 30°
Birefringence:0.013
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.010

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Pleochroism:Weak
Comments:Thick grains (Ukraine):
O = Light pink
E = Pale Yellow, Pale green
Comments:May be anomously biaxial, sectored.

Chemical Properties of Goyazite

Formula:
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:SrAl3(PO4)2(OH)5·H2O
Essential elements:Al, H, O, P, Sr
All elements listed in formula:Al, H, O, P, Sr
Common Impurities:Ba,F

Relationship of Goyazite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Crandallite (see here)
Forms a series with Gorceixite (see here)
Member of:Plumbogummite Group > Alunite Supergroup
Other Members of Group:

- +
Benauite
SrFe
3+
3
(HPO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Crandallite
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
Eylettersite
(Th,Pb)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
,SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Florencite-(Ce)
CeAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Florencite-(La)
LaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Florencite-(Nd)
(Nd,La,Ce)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Florencite-(Sm)
(Sm,Nd)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Galloplumbogummite
Pb(Ga,Al)
 
3-x
GeH
 
1-x
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
for 0 ≤ x ≤ 1
Gorceixite
BaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
Kintoreite
PbFe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(PO
 
3
OH)(OH)
 
6
Kintoreite-2c
PbFe
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6
Plumbogummite
PbAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
Springcreekite
BaV
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6
Waylandite
BiAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Zaïrite
Bi(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
Common Associates:
QuartzPyriteMonaziteKaoliniteHerderite
DiamondBaryteApatite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.BL.05Beudantite
PbFe
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Corkite
PbFe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Hidalgoite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Hinsdalite
PbAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Kemmlitzite
(Sr,Ce)Al
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Svanbergite
SrAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Woodhouseite
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.05Gallobeudantite
PbGa
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.10Arsenogoyazite
SrAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Arsenogorceixite
BaAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Arsenocrandallite
CaAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Benauite
SrFe
3+
3
(HPO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.10Crandallite
CaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Dussertite
BaFe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
8.BL.10Eylettersite
(Th,Pb)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
,SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.10Gorceixite
BaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Kintoreite
PbFe
 
3
(PO
 
4
)(PO
 
3
OH)(OH)
 
6
8.BL.10Philipsbornite
PbAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Plumbogummite
PbAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
8.BL.10Segnitite
PbFe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6
8.BL.10Springcreekite
BaV
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(La)
(La,Ce,Nd)(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Nd)
NdAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Ce)
CeAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Ce)
CeAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Florencite-(La)
LaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Nd)
(Nd,La,Ce)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Waylandite
BiAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Zaïrite
Bi(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Arsenowaylandite
BiAl
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Graulichite-(Ce)
CeFe
3+
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Sm)
(Sm,Nd)Al
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
8.BL.15Viitaniemiite
Na(Ca,Mn
2+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(F,OH)
 
3
8.BL.25Pattersonite
PbFe
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
19.5.1Strontiowhitlockite
Sr
 
9
Mg(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(HPO
 
4
)
19.5.2Belovite-(Ce)
NaCeSr
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
F
19.5.4Goedkenite
(Sr,Ca)
 
2
Al(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
19.5.5Palermoite
(Li,Na)
 
2
(Sr,Ca)Al
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
4
19.5.6Nabaphite
NaBaPO
 
4
· 9H
 
2
O
19.5.7Olgite
(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)
 
2
Na(PO
 
4
)
 
2
19.5.8Nastrophite
Na(Sr,Ba)PO
 
4
· 9H
 
2
O
19.5.9Jagowerite
BaAl
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
19.5.10Gorceixite
BaAl
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
19.5.11Penikisite
Ba(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Ca)
 
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
19.5.12Curetonite
Ba
 
4
Al
 
3
Ti(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
6
19.5.13Bjarebyite
(Ba,Sr)(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
19.5.14Kulanite
Ba(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
19.5.15Perloffite
Ba(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3

Other Names for Goyazite

Synonyms:
BowmaniteGoyzaiteHamliniteLusungiteStrontiohitchcockite
Other Languages:
German:Bowmanit
Goyazit
Goyzait
Hamlinit
Strontiohitchcockit
Russian:Гояцит
Люсюнгит
Simplified Chinese:磷铝锶石
磷鍶铝石
Spanish:Bowmanita
Goyazita
Goyzaita
Hamlinita
Strontiohitchcockita
Varieties:
Barian Goyazite

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Not Fluorescent
Other Information:Slowly soluble in acids.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Goyazite

Reference List:

- +
Damour, A. (1884): Note sur un nouveau phosphate d'alumine et de chaux, des terrains diamantifères. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie 7, 204-205. [http://rruff.info/uploads/Bulletin_de_la_Societe_francaise_7_1884_204.pdf]

Hidden and Penfield (1890) American Journal of Science: 39: 511 (as Hamlinite).

Penfield (1897) American Journal of Science: 4: 313.

Solly (1905) Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 72 (as Bowmanite).

Bowman (1907) Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 389 (Hamlinite discreditation).

Ježek (1908) Bull. Ac. Sc. Bohême: 13.

Schaller (1911) American Journal of Science: 32: 359 (Hamlinite discreditation).

Gramont (1917) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 40: 26.

Schaller (1917) American Journal of Science: 43: 165.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 82.

Weber (1928) Jb. Min., Beil.-Bd.: 57A: 563.

Bader (1934) Schweizerische mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Frauenfeld: 14: 319.

Gossner (1937) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 96: 488.

Pitkoskaya (1939) Academy of Sciences of the USSR: 25: 502.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 834.

White, J.S. (1981) Barian goyazite from Brazil. Mineralogical Record: 12: 379.

Kato, T. (1987) Further refinement of the goyazite structure. Mineralogical Journal (Japan): 13: 390-396.

Internet Links for Goyazite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Goyazite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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    Localities for Goyazite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • San Luis
      • Chacabuco Department
        • Sierra de la Estranzuela
    Galliski, M. Á., Černý, P., Márquez-Zavalía, M. F., & Chapman, R. (2012). An association of secondary Al–Li–Be–Ca–Sr phosphates in the San Elías pegmatite, San Luis, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(4), 933-942.
    Australia
     
    • South Australia
      • Mt Lofty Ranges
        • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
          • Fleurieu Peninsula
            • Myponga
    Noble, R. J., Just, J. and Johnson, J. E. Catalogue of South Australian Minerals : 1983.
    • Victoria
      • East Gippsland Shire
        • Omeo
          • Mt Wills Mining District
            • Glen Wills
    [var: Barian Goyazite] Personally collected by Ryan Eagle in 2009
            • Sunnyside
    Eagle, R. (2009) . Petrology, petrogenesis and mineralisation of the Silurian pegmatites of the Mount Wills district, northeastern Victoria. B.Sc (Hons) thesis, University of Ballarat (unpubl.)
    • Western Australia
      • Laverton Shire
        • Mount Weld Station
    lottermoser, B.G.(1987):Churchite from the Mt Weld Carbonatite laterite Western Australia, Mineralogical Magazine (Sept 1987):51:468-469
      • Meekatharra Shire
        • Milgun Station
    Peter Downes, WA Museum
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Hafner group
          • Rennweg
            • Katschberg
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Millstatt lake ridge
        • Spittal
          • Lieser ravine
    Pichler (2009)
          • Wolfsberg
    G.Blaß (2000)
    Pichler (2009)
    • Salzburg
      • Lungau
        • Murwinkel
          • Schellgaden
            • Katschberg
    PUTZ, H. & STRASSER, A. (2004): Baryt, Coelestin, Hamlinit (Goyazit), Zinnober und Zinkblende vom Katschberg-Autobahntunnel (Talröhre), Lungau. Mineralogisches Archiv Salzburg 10, 220–224.
    • Styria
      • Fischbacher Alpen
        • Fischbach
    Bernhard, F. et al. (1996)
        • Krieglach
          • Freßnitzgraben
            • Alpl
    http://www.franzbernhard.x10hosting.com/polishedslabs.html; F. Bernhard, F. Walter, K. Ettinger, J. Taucher, K. Mereiter: Amer. Mineral. 83:625-630 (1998)
    SEM-EDS on polished section, 15.1.2005, Franz Bernhard
    Bernhard, F. (1998): Paragenetische, mineralchemische und röntgenographische Daten von Bearthit vom Lazulithfundpunkt am Rotriegel, Freßnitzgraben bei Krieglach, Fischbacher Alpen, Steiermark. Mitteilungen der Abteilung für Mineralogie am Landesmuseum Joanneum, 62/63, 49-54.
        • Langenwang
          • Pretulgraben
        • Mürzzuschlag
          • Hönigsberg
    Bernhard, F. (2006, 2010)
      • Leoben
        • Galgenberg
    Annalen 1999, p.11-22
    Bolivia
     
    • Cochabamba Department
      • Ayopaya Province
    Analyses by Dr. Anthony Kampf on Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History specimens and Alfredo Petrov specimens; see also Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408.
    Schultz, F., et al. (2004) Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 148, 391-408.
    • Potosí Department
      • Rafael Bustillo Province (Bustillos Province)
        • Llallagua
    Dipl. Min. M. Schaeffer, Detmold, Germany, 02/1997.
    • Santa Cruz Department
      • Velasco Province
    Salomon Rivas and Federico Ahlfeld: Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes (Santa Cruz, 1998)
    Brazil
     
    • Goiás
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
        • Ouvidor
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    • Minas Gerais
      • Araxá
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Dutra, C. V., & Formoso, M. L. L. (2011). Considerações sobre os elementos terras raras em apatitas. Geochimica Brasiliensis, 9(2).; Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J., 2009, Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
      • Doce valley
        • Divino das Laranjeiras
    http://www.simkevmicromounts.com/images/SOUTHAMERICAPhotos/SouthAmericanMineralPhotoPages/Goyazite_746.html
      • Jequitinhonha valley
    Rocks&Min.(Jan.2000)
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 834.
    Diamond News, Part 1, Vol.5, No.17,2004,pp40-44; Diamond News, Part 2, Vol.5, No.18,2004,pp 13-19 [In Portuguese]
        • Itinga
    www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_best_shots/Pegmatites_shots.html.
      • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
        • Caldas
          • Campo do Cercado
    Waber (1991)
        • Poços de Caldas
    Waber (1991)
    • Pará
      • Viseu
    Rev. Esc. Minas vol.57 no.4 Ouro Preto Oct./Dec. 2004
    • Paraíba
      • Borborema mineral province
        • Frei Martinho
    [var: Barian Goyazite] White, J.S. (1981): Barian Goyazite from Brazil. Mineralogical Record 12 : 379 + [MinRec 22:183]
    • Santa Catarina
      • Lages
    Manfredi, T. R. (2013). A mineralização de parisita–(Ce) associada ao carbonatito Fazenda Varela (Correia Pinto, SC). Masters Dissertation
    Burundi
     
    • Bujumbura Rural Province
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): Carbonatites of the World. Explored Deposits of Nb and REE - Database and Grade and Tonnage Models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009-1139, 17 p. and database.
    Canada
     
    • Manitoba
      • Cross Lake
        • (Gottcha Claim)
    ERCIT, S.T., TAIT, K.T., COOPER, M.A. ABDU, Y., BALL, N.A., ANDERSON, A.J., ČERNÝ, P. & HAWTHORNE, F.C. (2010) Manitobaite, Na16Mn2+25Al8(PO4)30, a new phosphate mineral species from Cross Lake, Manitoba, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 48, 1455-1463.
    • Nova Scotia
      • Yarmouth Co.
    D.J. Kontak, "Geology of the Southern Lobe of the Brazil Lake LCT-type Pegmatite (NTS 21A/04), Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia", N.S. Department of Natural Resources, Report of Activities 2003 (Report 2004-1), pg 41-68, 2004.
    • Saskatchewan
      • Athabasca Basin
    ALEXANDRE, P., UVAROVA, Y. & KYSER, T.K. (2012) Origin of uranous and uranil minerals at the Centennial deposit, Athabasca Basin, Northern Saskatchewan, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 50, 693-704.
    • Yukon Territory
      • Dawson Mining District
    MinRec 23:4-47
    [Mineralogical Record Vol 23 No.4 pp 22]
          • Stoneman Camp (Area B; Area 2)
    Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
    Mineralogical Record v.23, #4.
    China
     
    • Fujian Province
      • Nanping Prefecture
        • Yanping District
          • Nanping pegmatite field (Xikeng pegmatite field)
    Yueqing Yang, Yunxiang Ni, Yongquan Guo, Yaping Zhang, and Jiapin Liu (1986): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 5(2), 119–127
    • Henan Province
      • Sanmenxia Prefecture
        • Shan Co.
          • Shanxian bauxite field
    Bingwu Chu and Chunfang Zhao (2000): Mineral Resources and Geology 14(4), 251-254
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Ordos League (E'erduosi Prefecture)
        • Jungar Banner (Zhunge'er Co.)
          • Jungar coal field (Zhunge'er coal field)
    Shifeng Dai, Deyi Ren, Shengsheng Li, and Chenlin Chou (2006): Acta Geologica Sinica 85(2), 294-300
    • Zhejiang Province
      • Shaoxing Prefecture
        • Zhuji Co.
    Shen Zhongyue and Ye Ying (1996): Geology and Prospecting 32(4), 32-35.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Hradec Králové Region
        • Nová Paka (Neupaka)
    Moravec, B.: Zajímavé nerosty z granátových náplavů v Podkrkonoší. Minerál, 2002, roč. 10 č. 4, s. 262-268.
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Aš (Asch)
    Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
        • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
          • Krásno (Schönfeld)
    Sejkora, J., Škoda, R., Ondruš, P., Beran, P. & Susser, C. (2006): Mineralogy of phosphate accumulations in the Huber stock, Krásno ore district, Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 103-147.
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
    Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
      • Liberec Region
    Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
      • Plzeň Region
        • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
          • Otov
    Masau, M., Staněk, J., Černý, P., Chapman, R. (2000). Metasomatic wolfeite and associated phosphates from the Otov I granitic pegmatite, western Bohemia. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 159-173.
      • Ústí Region
        • Třebenice (Trebnitz)
    Novák, F., Pauliš, P., Jansa, J.: Crandallite, gorceixite, goyazite and kemmlitzite from pyrope-gravels of the České středohoří Mts. Bulletin of the Czech Geological Survey, 1998, 73, 2, p. 107-111.
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Vysočina Region
        • Žďár nad Sázavou
    Novák, M.: Amblygonit a produkty jeho přeměny v Li pegmatitu z Rožné. Minerál, 2001, roč. 9, č. 5, s. 326-327
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Allier
        • Ébreuil
          • Échassières
    Queneau Patrice collection; Econ Geol (1995) 90:548-576
    Uwe Kolitsch (SEM-EDS); Chris Auer collection
    • Pays de Loire
      • Loire-Atlantique
        • Saint-Aubin-des-Châteaux
    Moëlo, Y., Gloaguen, E., Lulzac, Y. (2006): III. Les minéraux de Saint-Aubin. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 1/2006, 13-25
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Fichtelgebirge
          • Fichtelberg
            • Mehlmeisel
    Meier, S. (2007): Das Flötztal im südlichen Fichtelgebirge. Lapis 32, 17-20; 58.
          • Tröstau
            • Leupoldsdorf
    Lapis, 10 (7/8), 15-26+81
          • Weißenstadt
            • Großer Waldstein
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Oberpfälzer Wald
          • Vohenstrauß
            • Waidhaus
              • Hagendorf
    Dill H.G.: "Mineralogical and chemical composition of the Hagendorf-North Pegmatite, SE Germany - a monographic study", J. Min. Geochem, 2013
    Mücke, A. & Keck, E. (2011): Karbonate aus dem Pegmatit von Hagendorf-Süd/Opf.: Zusammensetzung, Verbreitung und begleitende Phosphat-Mineralien (Apatit, Hagendorfit und Eosphorit-Gruppe) - darunter einige Neufunde (Triplit, Mineralien der Arrojadit-Dickinsonit Reihe, Goyazit und Variscit). Aufschluss 62, 87-117.
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Taunus
        • Niederneisen
          • Hahnstätten
            • Lohrheim
    H. G. Dill, A. Fricke and K.-H. Henning (1995): The origin of Ba- and REE-bearing aluminium-phosphate-sulphate minerals from the Lohrheim kaolinitic clay deposit (Rheinisches Schiefergebirge, Germany). Applied Clay Science, 10, 231-245.
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Ehrenfriedersdorf
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Schmiedeberg
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Oberlausitz
        • Görlitz
          • Neißeaue
    Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Seltene Phosphate und Vanadate von Emmerichswalde bei Görlitz/Sachsen. Mineralien-Welt 24 (2), 40-55
    Germany & Czech Republic
     
    • Saxony & Ústí Region (Bohemia; Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Erzgebirge; Krusné Hory Mts
    Sejkora, J., Škoda, R., Škácha, P., Bureš, B. & Dvořák, Z. (2009): Nové mineralogické nálezy na Sn-W ložisku Cínovec v Krušných horách (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze 17 (2), 23-30 (in Czech with English abstract).
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
    Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
    Italy
     
    • Liguria
      • Savona Province
        • Maremola Valley
          • Magliolo
    Bracco, R., Balestra, C., Odicino, G. (2007): Costa Balzi Rossi e dintorni: un aggiornamento. Prie - Notiziario di Mineralogia Ligure, 3, 79-97.
    • Lombardy
      • Sondrio Province
        • Valtellina
    Lapis, 19 (10), 15-21+86.
            • Lanterna Valley
              • Lanzada
                • Scerscen Valley
    Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
    • Piedmont
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Ossola Valley
          • Divedro Valley
            • Trasquera
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
        • Vizze Valley (Pfitsch Valley)
          • San Giacomo
    Morteani, G. & Ackermand, D. (1996): Aluminium phosphates in muscovite-kyanite metaquartzites from Passo di Vizze (Alto Adige, NE Italy). European Journal of Mineralogy, 8, 853-869.
    Folie, K., P. Gentile, M. Hanke & I. Rocchetti (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 42-67.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Yamaguchi Prefecture
    Matsubara, S. and Kato, A. (1998) Memoirs of the National Science Museum, 30, 167-183.
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Aktobe Province (Aqtöbe Oblysy; Aktubinskaya Oblast')
      • Martuk district
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Kenya
     
    • Coast Province
    Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., and Orris, G.J. (2009): USGS Open-File Report 09-1139
    Madagascar
     
    • Fianarantsoa Province
      • Amoron'i Mania Region
        • Ambatofinandrahana District
          • Itremo Commune
            • Itremo massif
    Ackermand et al. (2006): Lazulite-bearing metaquartzite of the Itremo Group (Central Madagascar); Scientific significance and economic importance. in Proceedings of the Malagasy-German Research Cooperation in Life and Earth sciences, 5-18
    Ackermand et al.(2006): "Lazulite-bearing metaquartzite of the Itremo Group (Central Madagascar); Scientific significance and economic importance" in Proceedings of the Malagasy-German Research Cooperation in Life and Earth sciences, 5-18
    Malawi
     
    • Balaka District
    Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.; Wall, F. and Mariano, A.N. (1996) Rare earth minerals in carbonatites: a discussion centered on the Kangankunde carbonatite, Malawi. In: Rare Earth Minerals: Chemistry, Origin and Ore Deposits (A.P. Jones, F. Wall, & C.T. Williams, editors). Chapman & Hall, London, U.K. (193-225).
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
    in the collection of Joachim Esche
      • Karibib District
    E. Schnaitmann, F. Brandstätter, U. Kolitsch and G. Niedermayr (2008): Die „Gitterquarz“-Paragenese aus dem Erongo, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 20 (1), 55-63.
      • Omaruru District
        • Omaruru
    Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern (in English)
    Poland
     
    • Świętokrzyskie
      • Świętokrzyskie Mts (Holy Cross Mts)
    Migaszewski, Z.M., Starnawska, E., Gałuszka, A. (2007): Gorceixite from the Upper Cambrian Rocks of the Podwiśniówka Mine Pit, Holy Cross Mountains (South-Central Poland). Mineralogia Polonica, 38, 171-184.
    Portugal
     
    • Vila Real District
    Martins, T., Lima, A., Simmons, W.B. Falster, A.U. & Noronha, F. (2011): Geochemical fractionation of Nb-Ta oxides in Li-bearing pegmatites from the Barroso-Alvão pegmatite field, Northern Portugal. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 777-791
    Romania
     
    • Harghita Co.
    Ed.:Szakáll S.-Kristály F.2010:Mineralogy of Székelyland,Eastern Transylvania,Romania; Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Polar Yakutia
    S.M. Kravchenko and B.G. Pokrovsky, Economic Geology, May 1995, V90, N°3, pp. 676-689.; Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Primorskiy Kray
    Liferovich, R.P., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Lyalina, M.F. (1998) A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor Massif, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 971-980.
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
    Subbotin, R. P. L. V. V., & Pakhomovsky, Y. A. (1998). A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor massif, Russia. Canadian Mineralogist 36:971-980.
    • Rostov Region (Rostov Oblast'; Rostovskaja Oblast')
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 835.
    Slovakia
     
    • Košice Region
      • Gelnica Co.
        • Henclová (Henzlová)
    Petrík, I., Kubiś, M., Konečný, P. & Malachovský, P. (2011): Rare phospates from the Surovec Topaz-Li-Mica microgranite, Gemeric Unit, Western Carpathians, Slovak Republik: Role of F/H2O of melt. Canadian Mineralogist. 49. 521-540
      • Rožňava Co.
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002:Nejznámejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 136p
          • Čučma
    Rojkovič, I. et al. (1999): Quartz - apatite - REE vein mineralization in early paleozoic rocks of the Gemeric superunit. Geol. carphat., 50, 3, 215-227
    • Nitra Region
      • Nitra Co.
    Uher P., Mikuš T., Milovský R., Biroň A., Spišiak J., Lipka J., Jahn J. (2009): Lazulite and Ba, Sr, Ca, K-rich phosphates-sulphates in quartz veins from metaquartzites of Tribeč Mountains, Western Carpathians, Slovakia: Compositional variations and evolution. Lithos, 112, 447-460.
        • Nitra
    Uher P., Mikuš T., Milovský R., Biroň A., Spišiak J., Lipka J., Jahn J. (2009): Lazulite and Ba, Sr, Ca, K-rich phosphates-sulphates in quartz veins from metaquartzites of Tribeč Mountains, Western Carpathians, Slovakia: Compositional variations and evolution. Lithos, 112, 447-460.
      • Zlaté Moravce Co.
    Uher P., Mikuš T., Milovský R., Biroň A., Spišiak J., Lipka J., Jahn J. (2009): Lazulite and Ba, Sr, Ca, K-rich phosphates-sulphates in quartz veins from metaquartzites of Tribeč Mountains, Western Carpathians, Slovakia: Compositional variations and evolution. Lithos, 112, 447-460.
    South Africa
     
    • Northern Cape Province
      • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
    USGS Open File report 02-189
    Spain
     
    • Extremadura
      • Cáceres
        • Zarza la Mayor
    Viñals, J. and Calvo, M. (2011). Secondary phosphates of La Paloma mine, Zarza la Mayor, Cáceres, Spain. Mineral Up 2 (5), 8-31.
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Lugnez Valley (Lumnezia Valley)
        • Renastga Valley
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 410.
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Binn Valley
        • Albrunhorn - Turbhorn area
          • Ofenhorn
    van der Burgt, A.; Cuchet, S. & Ansermet, S. (2002): Neufunde von Goyazit im Binntal, Wallis (Schweiz). Lapis 27(2), 18-19
        • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 834.
    Gabriel, W. & Graeser, S. (2005): Neues aus der Dolomitzone Lengenbach-Mässerbach. Schweizer Strahler 39 (3), 28-31. (in German & French); http://binn.strahlen.org/php/frame.php?section=loc&sub=1&infoid=2&name=M%E4sserbach
      • Brig
        • Simplon pass area
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 835; Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 194.
    Tunisia
     
    • Siliana Governorate
      • Siliana
        • Djebel Sekarna
    Dill, Weiss, Botz, Dohrmann, Paleontological, mineralogical and chemical studies of syngenetic and epigenetic Pb–Zn–Ba–P mineralizations at the stratotype of the K/P boundary, International Journal of Earth Sciences, Feb 2010.
    Uganda
     
    • Mbarara District
      • Ankole pegmatite field
    Oleg von Knorring, Th. G. Sahama and Jaakko Siivola (1979) Zincian Staurolite from Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine 43:446
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • St Austell District
          • Treverbyn
            • Stenalees
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    Ukraine
     
    • Crimea Oblast'
      • Crimea peninsula
        • Kerch peninsula (Kertch peninsula)
          • Kerchenskyi (Fe)-ore basin
            • Kerchenskoe deposit
              • Katerlez Trough
    Chukhrov F.V., Gorshkov A.I., Berezovskaya V.V., Sivtsov A.V. (1987) New data on mineralogy of Kerch ores, - Izvestiya AN SSSR, ser. geol., 4, p. 60-77 (in Rus.)
    • Poltava Oblast'
      • Issachki (Isachki)
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 835.
    • Sumy Oblast'
      • Romny Raion
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 835.
    USA
     
    • California
      • Mono Co.
        • White Mts
          • White Mountain Peak
    www.baymin.org/Field/ChampionMine/ChampionMineGeology.pdf.
    • Colorado
      • Boulder Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 223
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 835.; USGS Bull 583
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Fremont Co.
        • Eight Mile Park pegmatite District
    Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:237
      • Ouray Co.
        • Brown Mountain
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
        • Ouray District (Uncompahgre District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
        • San Juan Mts
          • Ouray District
            • Ouray
              • Red Mountain District
                • Red Mountain No. 1
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Park Co.
        • Alma District
          • Mount Bross
    Min News 20:9 pp1,3,10,11
    • Maine
      • Oxford Co.
        • Buckfield
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1, King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
        • Greenwood
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1.
          • Uncle Tom Mountain
    Mineral News (1999) 15:6 pp8-10; Mineral News (1994) 10:12 pp1,2
        • Hebron
    Gunnar Bjareby
        • Newry
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2
        • Paris
    King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates. "Maine Mineral Localites, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al. , 1998
        • Rumford
    "Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et.al., 1998)
    No reference listed
        • Stoneham
    Thompson, W, Joyner, D., Woodman, R., and King, V., 1998. Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd ed.; King and Foord, 1994, Mineralogy of Maine; Hidden, W. E. and Penfield. S. L., 1890, On Hamlinite a new rhombohedral mineral from the Herderite Locality at Stoneham, Maine, American Journal of Science, third series, v. 39: 511-513
    • New Hampshire
      • Cheshire Co.
        • Walpole
    P. Cristofono, T. Mortimer, J.W. Nizamoff, A. Wilken, and R. Wilken (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 17-18.
      • Grafton Co.
        • Groton
    Rocks & Minerals. Vol. 65, No. 4
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 835.; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; American Mineralogist (1953): 38: 728-729.; NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
    Journal of Pegmatology vol. 1, no. 1 ; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
        • Orange
    Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
    • North Carolina
      • Lincoln Co.
    U.S Bureau of Mines,Spatial Data Extracted from the Minerals System/Mineral Industry Location System(Mas/Mils)CD-ROM,Sep,1995
    • South Dakota
      • Custer Co.
        • Custer District
          • Fourmile
    Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
      • Pennington Co.
        • Keystone District
          • Glendale
    Rocks & Minerals: 60: 116.
          • Keystone
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
    Loomis, T. (2011), News from the Black Hills, South Dakota. Mineral News in press
    • Utah
      • Utah Co.
        • Oquirrh Mts
          • Fairfield
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    Wilson, W. (2010): The Clay Canyon Variscite Mine, Fairfield Utah. Mineralogical Record. 41:321-349.
      • Washington Co.
        • Beaver Dam Mts
          • Tutsagubet District
            • Jarvis Peak
    Bernstein, L.R. (1986) Geology and mineralogy of the Apex germanium-gallium mine, Washington County, Utah. USGS Bulletin 1577.
    • Virginia
      • Amelia Co.
        • Winterham
    Rocks & Minerals 79:4 p 256
      • Buckingham Co.
        • Farmville District
          • Sprouses Corner
    Kearns, Lance E., Virginia Minerals 39(3), 23(1993)
      • Frederick Co.
        • Gore
    Minerals of Virginia, 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Kyzylkum Desert
      • Kokpatas village
    Mineraly Uzbekistana(Minerals of the Uzbekistan) - izd."FAN" UzbSSR-vol.1-4 - 1976-1977
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