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Hagendorfite

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Formula:
NaCaMn2+Fe22+(PO4)3
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Black to greenish-black
Hardness:
Name:
Named by Hugo Strunz in 1954 for the locality at Hagendorf, Bavaria, Germany.
Isostructural with:
Alluaudite Group, Hagendorfite-Varulite Series.

Note: Mücke & Keck (2011) propose a new formula: (Na,Ca,Mn)2Mn(Fe2+,Fe3+)2(PO4)3.

Classification of Hagendorfite

Approved
8.AC.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
A : Phosphates, etc. without additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
Dana 7th ed.:
38.2.3.2
38.2.3.2

38 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
2 : (AB)5(XO4)3
19.12.48

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn
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Type Occurrence of Hagendorfite

Year of Discovery:
1954
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Granite pegmatite.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Physical Properties of Hagendorfite

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
Black to greenish-black
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{010} good; two other cleavages poor.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.71 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.84 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Hagendorfite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/b
Space Group Setting:
C2/c
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.9721Å, b = 12.5988Å, c = 6.5029Å
β = 114.841°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.95 : 1 : 0.516
Unit Cell Volume:
V 890.11 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Abstract:
The crystal structure of hagendorfite (Na,Ca)MnFe2(PO4)3 from type locality has been determined and it was found to be isostructural with alluaudite. It accepts space group symmetry C2/c both at room temperature and at 100 K. The specific arrangement of M(1) and M(2) octahedral sites and of P(1) and P(2) tetrahedral sites gives rise to two different channels aligned along the crystallographic c-axis, containing the A(1) and A(2)' sites. The A(1) site is fully occupied and shows a mixed occupation of Na+, Ca2+ and Mn2+ (hagendorfite). The A(2)' is fully occupied by Na+ in hagendorfite.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.11 (50)
3.42 (70)
3.08 (50)
2.85 (50)
2.69 (100)
2.59 (80)
2.12 (50)
2.09 (50)
Comments:
ICDD 29-1191; also 12-25

Optical Data of Hagendorfite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.708 - 1.735 nβ = 1.742 nγ = 1.722 - 1.745
2V:
Measured: 68° to 70°, Calculated: 66°
Birefringence:
0.012
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.014
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r > v
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X=tan to yellowish green, Z=blue green to grass green.

Chemical Properties of Hagendorfite

Formula:
NaCaMn2+Fe22+(PO4)3
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Hagendorfite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Varulite (see here)
Other Members of Group:
Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
Alluaudite-Ca□4Ca4Mn42+Fe83+(PO4)12
Alluaudite-Na□4Na4Mn42+Fe83+(PO4)12
ArseniopleiteNaCaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg)2(AsO4)3
BradaczekiteNaCu4(AsO4)3
CanutiteNaMn3[AsO4][AsO3(OH)]2
Caryinite(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)(Ca,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+)2(AsO4)3
ErikapohliteCu3(Zn,Cu,Mg)4Ca2(AsO4)6·2H2O
Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
Ferroalluaudite-NaNaNa4Na4Fe42+Fe83+(PO4)12
FerrohagendorfiteNaCaFe2+Fe22+(PO4)3
GroatiteNaCaMn2(PO4)(HPO4)2
Hagendorfite-NaNaNa, Mn, Fe, P, O, H (?)
Hagendorfite-Varulite SeriesNaCaMn2+(Fe2+,Fe3+,Mg)2(PO4)3
HatertiteNa2(Ca,Na)(Fe3+,Cu)2(AsO4)3
JohilleriteNa(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3
KeyiteCu32+Zn4Cd2(AsO4)6 · 2H2O
Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3
ManitobaiteNa16Mn2+ 25Al8(PO4)30
NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
O'DanieliteNa(Zn,Mg)3H2(AsO4)3
VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
YazganiteNaFe23+(Mg,Mn2+)(AsO4)3 · H2O
8.AC.05HowardevansiteNaCuFe2(VO4)3
8.AC.10Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
8.AC.10ArseniopleiteNaCaMn2+(Mn2+,Mg)2(AsO4)3
8.AC.10Caryinite(Na,Pb)(Ca,Na)(Ca,Mn2+)(Mn2+,Mg,Fe3+)2(AsO4)3
8.AC.10Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
8.AC.10JohilleriteNa(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3
8.AC.10Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3
8.AC.10NickenichiteNa0.8Ca0.4Cu0.4(Mg,Fe)3(AsO4)3
8.AC.10VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
8.AC.10FerrohagendorfiteNaCaFe2+Fe22+(PO4)3
8.AC.10BradaczekiteNaCu4(AsO4)3
8.AC.10YazganiteNaFe23+(Mg,Mn2+)(AsO4)3 · H2O
8.AC.10GroatiteNaCaMn2(PO4)(HPO4)2
8.AC.15BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6
8.AC.15Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
8.AC.15QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3
8.AC.15Rosemaryite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3
8.AC.15Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
8.AC.15Ferrorosemaryite◻NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3
8.AC.15Qingheiite-(Fe2+)Na2Fe2+MgAl(PO4)3
8.AC.18ManitobaiteNa16Mn2+ 25Al8(PO4)30
8.AC.20MarićiteNaFe2+(PO4)
8.AC.25BerzeliiteNaCa2(Mg,Mn2+)2(AsO4)3
8.AC.25Manganberzeliite(Ca,Na)3(Mn2+,Mg)2(AsO4)3
8.AC.25Palenzonaite(Ca,Na)3CaMn22+(VO4)3
8.AC.25SchäferiteCa2NaMg2(VO4)3
8.AC.30BrianiteNa2CaMg(PO4)2
8.AC.35Vitusite-(Ce)Na3(Ce,La,Nd)(PO4)2
8.AC.40Olgite(Sr,Ba)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2
8.AC.40Bario-olgite(Ba,Sr)(Na,Sr,REE)2Na(PO4)2 ·
8.AC.45StrontiowhitlockiteSr9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
8.AC.45WhitlockiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(HPO4)
8.AC.45MerrilliteCa9NaMg(PO4)7
8.AC.45TuiteCa3(PO4)2
8.AC.45FerromerrilliteCa9NaFe2+(PO4)7
8.AC.45BobdownsiteCa9Mg(PO4)6(PO3F)
8.AC.50Chladniite{Ca}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
8.AC.50Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
8.AC.50JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36
8.AC.50Galileiite{Fe2+}{Na8}{Fe42+Na4}{Fe432+}(PO4)36
8.AC.50Stornesite-(Y){(Y, Ca)}{Na62}{(Ca,Na)8}{(Mg,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
8.AC.50XenophylliteNa4Fe72+(PO4)6
8.AC.55HarrisoniteCa(Fe2+,Mg)6(PO4)2(SiO4)2
8.AC.60KosnariteKZr2(PO4)3
8.AC.65Panethite(Na,Ca)2(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)2
8.AC.70StanfielditeCa7Ca2Mg9(PO4)12
8.AC.75RonneburgiteK2MnV4O12
8.AC.80Tillmannsite(Ag3Hg)(VO4,AsO4)
8.AC.85FilatoviteK(Al,Zn)2(As,Si)2O8
19.12.1MetaswitzeriteMn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.2BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
19.12.3NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4
19.12.4SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)
19.12.5Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2O
19.12.6RobertsiteCa3Mn43+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
19.12.7PararobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
19.12.8SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2O
19.12.9MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
19.12.11Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
19.12.12Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)
19.12.13Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
19.12.14LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
19.12.15FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
19.12.16RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
19.12.17Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
19.12.18LandesiteMn2+3-xFex3+(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
19.12.19Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
19.12.20Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
19.12.21EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
19.12.22Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.23Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
19.12.24LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.25PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.26StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
19.12.27StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.28Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
19.12.30Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
19.12.31JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36
19.12.32WicksiteNaCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)4MgFe3+(PO4)6 · 2H2O
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
19.12.34Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
19.12.35Ludlamite(Fe,Mn,Mg)3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.36Graftonite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3(PO4)2
19.12.37WilhelmvierlingiteCaMnFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
19.12.38FairfielditeCa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
19.12.39Beusite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Ca,Mg)3(PO4)2
19.12.40MesseliteCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.44KeckiteCaMn2+Fe23+Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)3(H2O)7
19.12.45StanfielditeCa7Ca2Mg9(PO4)12
19.12.46Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
19.12.47ZodaciteCa4Mn2+Fe43+(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
19.12.49Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3
19.12.50VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
19.12.51GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
19.12.52Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
19.12.53Arrojadite-(KFe){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
19.12.54Lun'okite(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO4)2OH · 4H2O
19.12.55Eosphorite(Mn2+,Fe2+)Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
19.12.56Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
19.12.57Childrenite(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
19.12.58BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6
19.12.59QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg){Ca}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.63Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.64ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
19.12.65Samuelsonite(Ca,Ba)Ca8Fe22+Mn22+Al2(PO4)10(OH)2
38.2.3.1FerrohagendorfiteNaCaFe2+Fe22+(PO4)3
38.2.3.3Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3

Other Names for Hagendorfite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hagendorfite

Reference List:
Mason (1942) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 64: 335 (as Arrojadite).

Eriksson (1946) Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi, Stockholm: 23A, no. 8.

Lindberg (1950) American Mineralogist: 35: 59 (as Hühnerkobelite).

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 669-670 (as Hühnerkobelite).

American Mineralogist (1955): 40: 553.

Moore, Paul B. and Ito, T., Mineralogical Magazine: 43: 227-235.

Redhammer, G.J., Tippelt, G., Bernoider, M., Lottermoser, W., Amthauer, G., Roth, G. (2005): Hagendorfite (Na,Ca)MnFe2(PO4)3 from type locality Hagendorf (Bavaria, Germany) : crystal structure determination and 57Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy. European Journal of Mineralogy, 17, 915-932.

Mücke, A. & Keck, E. (2011): Karbonate aus dem Pegmatit von Hagendorf-Süd/Opf.: Zusammensetzung, Verbreitung und begleitende Phosphat-Mineralien (Apatit, Hagendorfit und Eosphorit-Gruppe) - darunter einige Neufunde (Triplit, Mineralien der Arrojadit-Dickinsonit Reihe, Goyazit und Variscit). Aufschluss 62, 87-117.

Internet Links for Hagendorfite

Localities for Hagendorfite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí Department
    • Rafael Bustillo Province (Bustillos Province)
      • Llallagua
John White collection (from David New stock, 1976); [MinRec 32:474]; Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
Canada
 
  • Yukon Territory
    • Dawson Mining District
MinRec 23:4-47
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Aš (Asch)
Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
    • Plzeň Region
      • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
        • Otov
Masau, M., Staněk, J., Černý, P., Chapman, R. (2000). Metasomatic wolfeite and associated phosphates from the Otov I granitic pegmatite, western Bohemia. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 159-173.
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Zwiesel
        • Rabenstein
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 680.
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
Dill H.G.: "Mineralogical and chemical composition of the Hagendorf-North Pegmatite, SE Germany - a monographic study", J. Min. Geochem, 2013
Neues Jahrb.Min.,Mh.(1954) 252-255; Min.Rec.:20(5):363.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Tsaobismund Farm 85
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 598 pp (in English).
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Sowie Mts
Pieczka A., Łobos K., Sachanbiński M. 2004: The first occurence of elbaite in Poland. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 35, 3-14
    • Sudetes Mts
      • Sowie Mts
Łodziński M. & Sitarz M. 2008: Chemical and Spectroscopic Characterization of Some Phosphates Accessory Minerals from Pegmatites of the Sowie Mts (Owles Mts), SW Poland. EUCMOS, Spectroscopy Applied to Archaeology, Arts, Geology and Mineralogy, p. 278
Portugal
 
  • Viseu District
    • Mangualde
Rwanda
 
  • Southern Province
    • Gitarama – Kibuye Road
Can Min (2004) 42, (3), 697-704
Sweden
 
  • Östergötland
    • Motala
      • Godegård
MinMag vol 73 1979, s 227-235
  • Södermanland
    • Norrö
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 670, 680.
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
Sandström, F. (2008) Varuträskpegmatiten. Litofilen, 25 (2), 17-46
USA
 
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Am. Min. 50 (1965), 713-717
Mineral and/or Locality  
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