Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Hainite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
System:
Triclinic
Colour:
wine-yellow, ...
Hardness:
5
Name:
For the type locality.
Rosenbuschite Group. Chemically close to fogoite-(Y).

Long regarded as a doubtful species, said to be related to Rosenbuschite, but an independent species after all (Christiansen et al., 2003). The crystal structure of the type material has been determined by Giester et al. (2005).

Classification of Hainite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
9.BE.22

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
E : Si2O7 groups, with additional anions; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
56.2.4.9

56 : SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
2 : Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-1798.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Hainite

General Appearance of Type Material:
crystals, less than 1 mm, needles and plates, [001] elongation; {010}, {100}, and {_110} faces present (TL material)
Geological Setting of Type Material:
cavities and groundmass of phonolites (TL material); carbonatites
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Physical Properties of Hainite

Adamantine, Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
wine-yellow, honey-yellow; milk white, brownish, pale pink
Comment:
light wine-yellow in thin section
Hardness (Mohs):
5
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
rather perfect, {010}; also faint on {100}
Density:
3.157-3.391 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Hainite

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.594Å, b = 5.702Å, c = 7.288Å
α = 89.89(4)°, β = 101.09(4)°, γ = 101.17(4)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.683 : 1 : 1.278
Unit Cell Volume:
V 383.55 ų
Z:
1
Twinning:
on {100}
Comment:
parameters of the TL material: a=5.676(2), b=7.259(3), c=9.586(3), α=101.08(4), β=101.14(4), γ=90.27(4)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.961 (100)
3.073 (90)
1.896 (70)
3.961 (50)
2.628 (50)
2.493 (50)
1.822 (50)
Comments:
TL material

Optical Data of Hainite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.663(2) nβ = 1.664(2) nγ = 1.675(2)
2V:
Measured: 30° to 45°, Calculated: 33.7°
Birefringence:
~0.012
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.012
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
relatively strong (r > v)
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
colorless (X), colorless to pale yellow (Y), wine-yellow (Z)
Comments:
2V(meas.): large

Chemical Properties of Hainite

Formula:
Na2Ca4(Y,REE)Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
TL material
Nb2O5 1.38
Ta2O5 0.22
SiO2 32.07
TiO2 8.06
ZrO2 6.53
Al2O3 0.03
La2O3 0.60
Ce2O3 1.01
Fe2O3 1.25
MnO 2.06
CaO 32.05
Na2O 7.46
F 12.09
-O=F2 5.09

total 99.77
Empirical Formula:
(Na3.52Ca0.48)4.00Ca8.00REE0.15(Ti1.52Zr0.80Mn0.45Fe0.25Nb0.09Ta0.02Al0.01 )3.14Si7.80[O27.68F8.32]36.00
Common Impurities:
Mn,Ce,La,Fe,Nb,Ta,Al

Relationship of Hainite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
Batievaite-(Y)Y2Ca2Ti(Si2O7)2(OH)2(H2O)4
Calcian SeidozeriteNa8CaMn2+Zr3Ti3(Si2O7)4O4F4
Fogoite-(Y)Na3Ca2Y2Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
GrenmariteNa4MnZr3(Si2O7)2O2F2
KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3
Mosandrite(◻,Ca,Na)3(Ca,REE)4Ti(Si2O7)2[H2O,OH,F]4 · H2O
Rinkite(Na,Ca)3(Ca,Ce)4Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2
9.BE.02Wadsleyite(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
9.BE.05HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
9.BE.05LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
9.BE.05NoelbensoniteBaMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
9.BE.05ItoigawaiteSrAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
9.BE.07IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
9.BE.07ManganilvaiteCaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)
9.BE.10SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2O
9.BE.12JaffeiteCa6(Si2O7)(OH)6
9.BE.15FresnoiteBa2Ti(Si2O7)O
9.BE.17BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2
9.BE.17BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2
9.BE.17CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite(Na,Ca)2Ca4Zr(Mn,Ti,Fe)(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
9.BE.17Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
9.BE.17Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
9.BE.17Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
9.BE.17NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
9.BE.17WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite INa4Ca8Zr2(Nb,Mn,Ti,Fe,Mg,Al)2(Si2O7)4O3F5
9.BE.17MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
9.BE.20Mosandrite(◻,Ca,Na)3(Ca,REE)4Ti(Si2O7)2[H2O,OH,F]4 · H2O
9.BE.20Nacareniobsite-(Ce)Na3Ca3(Ce,La,Nd)Nb(Si2O7)2OF3
9.BE.22GötzeniteNaCa6Ti(Si2O7)2OF3
9.BE.22RosenbuschiteNa6Ca6Zr3Ti(Si2O7)4O2F6
9.BE.22KochiteNa3Ca2MnZrTi(Si2O7)2OF3
9.BE.23DovyreniteCa6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4
9.BE.25Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
9.BE.25EricssoniteBaMn22+Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
9.BE.25Lamprophyllite(Na,Mn2+)3(Sr,Na)2(Ti,Fe3+)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,O,F)2
9.BE.25Ericssonite-2OBaMn22+Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
9.BE.25SeidozeriteNa4MnZr2Ti(Si2O7)2O2F2
9.BE.25NabalamprophylliteNa3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
9.BE.25GrenmariteNa4MnZr3(Si2O7)2O2F2
9.BE.25SchülleriteBa2Na(Mn,Ca)(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
9.BE.25LileyiteBa2(Na,Fe,Ca)3MgTi2(Si2O7)2O2F2
9.BE.27MurmaniteNa2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2O
9.BE.30EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2O
9.BE.32LomonosoviteNa5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2
9.BE.35VuonnemiteNa11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)
9.BE.37SoboleviteNa13Ca2Mn2Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4)4O3F3
9.BE.40InneliteNa2CaBa4Ti3(Si2O7)2(SO4)2O4
9.BE.40PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2F
9.BE.42YoshimuraiteBa2Mn2Ti(Si2O7)(PO4)O(OH)
9.BE.45QuadruphiteNa14Ca2Ti4(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O2F
9.BE.47PolyphiteNa5(Na4Ca2)Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)3O2F2
9.BE.50BornemaniteNa6BaTi2Nb(Si2O7)2(PO4)O2(OH)F
9.BE.50ShkatulkaliteNa10Mn2+Ti3Nb3(Si2O7)6(OH)2F · 12H2O
9.BE.55BafertisiteBa2Fe42+Ti2(Si2O72O2(OH)2F2
9.BE.55HejtmaniteBa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F2
9.BE.55Bykovaite(Ba,Na,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(H2O,F,OH)2 · 3.5H2O
9.BE.55Nechelyustovite(Ba,Sr,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(O,H2O,F)2 · 4.5H2O
9.BE.60Delindeite(Na,K)2(Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Fe,Al)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2 · 2H2O
9.BE.65BusseniteNa2Ba2Fe2+Ti(Si2O7)(CO3)(OH)3F
9.BE.67JinshajiangiteBaNaFe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
9.BE.67PerraultiteBaNaMn42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
9.BE.67SurkhobiteNaCaBa2Mn8Ti4(Si2O7)4O5F5
9.BE.70Karnasurtite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Th)(Ti,Nb)(Al,Fe)(Si2O7)(OH)4 · 3H2O
9.BE.70Perrierite-(Ce)Ce4MgFe23+Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Strontiochevkinite(Sr,La,Ce,Ca)4Fe2+(Ti,Zr)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Polyakovite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr3+,Fe3+)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70RengeiteSr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70MatsubaraiteSr4Ti5(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70UKI-2008-(SiO:SrTiZr)Sr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Hezuolinite(Sr,REE)4Zr(Ti,Fe3+)4(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.72FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3
9.BE.75BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12
9.BE.77NasonitePb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2
9.BE.80KentrolitePb2Mn23+(Si2O7)O2
9.BE.80MelanotekitePb2Fe23+(Si2O7)O2
9.BE.82TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2
9.BE.85KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
9.BE.87Stavelotite-(La)(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn32+Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O30
9.BE.90Biraite-(Ce)Ce2Fe2+(Si2O7)(CO3)
9.BE.92Cervandonite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti,Al)3O2(Si2O7)(As3+O3)(OH)
9.BE.95BatisiviteBaV83+Ti6(Si2O7)O22

Other Names for Hainite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Fluoresces under electron beam.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hainite

Reference List:
Blumrich, J. (1893) Die Phonolithe des Friedländer Bezirkes in Nordböhmen, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Vol. 13, No 6, 465-495.

Rastsvetaeva R.K., Pushcharovsky D.Yu, Atencio D. (1995) Crystal structure of giannetite. Crystallography Reports 40(4), 574-578.

Johan, Z., Cech, F. (1989) New data on hainite, Na2Ca4(Ti,Zr,Mn,Fe,Nb,Ta)1.500.50)(Si2O7)2F4 and its crystallochemical relationship with götzenite, Na2Ca5Ti(Si2O7)2F4. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Série II, 308, 1237-1242 (in French).

Atencio, D., Coutinho, J.M.V., Ulbrich, M.N.C., Vlach, S.R.F., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.

Christiansen, C.C., Johnsen, O., Makovicky, E. (2003) Crystal chemistry of the rosenbuschite group. The Canadian Mineralogist 41, 1203-1224.

Giester, G., Pertlik, F., Ulrych, J. (2005) Die Kristallstruktur des Minerals Hainit. Mitteilung der Österreichischen Mineralologischen Gesellschaft 151, 45. (in German) [Poster abstract]

Sokolova, E. (2006) From structure topology to chemical composition. I. Structural hierarchy and stereochemistry in titanium disilicate minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 1273.

Lyalina, L., Zolotarev Jr, A., Selivanova, E., Savchenko, Y., Zozulya, D., Krivovichev, S., Mikhailova, Y. (2015) Structural characterization and composition of Y-rich hainite from Sakharjok nepheline syenite pegmatite (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-9.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W. and Nichols, M.C., Eds. Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/ (2016)

Internet Links for Hainite

Specimens:
The following Hainite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Hainite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
Atencio, D., Coutinho, J. M. V., Ulbrich, M. N. C., Vlach, S. R. F., Rastsvetaeva, R. K., & Pushcharovsky, D. Y. (1999). Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. The Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
      • Poços de Caldas
ATENCIO, D., COUTINHO, J.M.C., ULBRICH, M.N.C., VLACH, S.R.F., RASTVETAEVA, R.K. & PUSHCHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1999) Hainite from Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 91-98.
Atencio et al (1999) Canadian Mineralogist 37, 91-98
Czech Republic (TL)
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Liberec Region
      • Jizerské Mtn (Iser Mtn)
Johan, Z. & Cech, F. (1989): New data on hainite, Na2Ca4((Ti,Zr,Mn,Fe,Nb,Ta)1.500.50)(Si2O7)2F4 and its crystallochemical relationship with götzenite, Na2Ca5Ti(Si2O7)2F4. Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Série II, 308, 1237-1242 (in French).; Blumrich, J. (1893): Die Phonolithe des Friedländer Bezirkes in Nordböhmen, Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Vol. 13, No 6, 465-495
    • Ústí Region
      • Most
        • Želenice
Pazdernik, P.: Compositional variations in the sodalite-bearing nephelinite phonolite from Želenický vrch Hill, North Bohemia. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1997, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 65-79.
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
Lyalina, L., Zolotarev Jr, A., Selivanova, E., Savchenko, Y., Zozulya, D., Krivovichev, S., & Mikhailova, Y. (2015). Structural characterization and composition of Y-rich hainite from Sakharjok nepheline syenite pegmatite (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-9.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Phlegrean Volcanic Complex
      • Naples Province
Melluso, L., Morra, V., Guarino, V., de’Gennaro, R., Franciosi, L., & Grifa, C. (2014). The crystallization of shoshonitic to peralkaline trachyphonolitic magmas in a H 2 O–Cl–F-rich environment at Ischia (Italy), with implications for the feeder system of the Campania Plain volcanoes. Lithos, 210, 242-259
Libya
 
  • Al Jabal al Gharbi District
    • Gharyan (Gharian)
Lustrino, M., Cucciniello, C., Melluso, L., Tassinari, C. C., dè Gennaro, R., & Serracino, M. (2012). Petrogenesis of Cenozoic volcanic rocks in the NW sector of the Gharyan volcanic field, Libya. Lithos, 155, 218-235.
Morocco
 
  • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
Berger, J., Ennih, N., Mercier, J. C., Liégeois, J. P., & Demaiffe, D. (2009). The role of fractional crystallization and late-stage peralkaline melt segregation in the mineralogical evolution of Cenozoic nephelinites/phonolites from Saghro (SE Morocco). Mineralogical magazine, 73(1), 59-82.
Norway
 
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Langesundsfjorden
Christiansen, C.C. & Johnsen, O. (2003): Crystal chemistry of the Rosenbuschite group. Canadian Mineralogist. 41: 1203-1224
Christiansen, C.C. & Johnsen, O. (2003): Crystal chemistry of the Rosenbuschite group. Canadian Mineralogist. 41: 1203-1224; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240p
Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A.O. & Selbekk, R.S. (2012): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zr and Ti mineral assemblages in miaskitic and agpaitic pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex. Mineralogia Polonica. 43 (2), 3- 34
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
Lyalina, L., Zolotarev Jr, A., Selivanova, E., Savchenko, Y., Zozulya, D., Krivovichev, S., & Mikhailova, Y. (2015). Structural characterization and composition of Y-rich hainite from Sakharjok nepheline syenite pegmatite (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogy and Petrology, 1-9.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2016, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 1, 2016 18:21:49 Page generated: September 28, 2016 07:35:01
Go to top of page