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Halotrichite

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Formula:
FeAl
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:Colourless to white, ...
Hardness:1½ - 2
Member of:Halotrichite Group
Name:Named in 1839 by Ernst Friedrich Glocker from the Greek αλζ meaning salt and τρικοζ meaning hair. Latin form is "halotrichum," which in turn is from the older German name Haarsalz (hair salt).


Halotrichite Group; Halotrichite-Pickeringite Series

At least a partial series extends toward Apjohnite.

Fe analogue of Pickeringite.

Classification of Halotrichite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:6/C.12-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:7.CB.85

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations
Dana 8th edition ID:29.7.3.2

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
7 : AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Hey's CIM Ref.:25.11.26

25 : Sulphates
11 : Sulphates of Fe and other metals
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Physical Properties of Halotrichite

Lustre:Silky
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Colour:Colourless to white, yellowish, greenish; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:White
Hardness (Mohs):1½ - 2
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Poor/Indistinct
On {010}, poor.
Fracture:Conchoidal
Density (measured):1.89 g/cm3
Density (calculated):1.95 g/cm3
Comment:Pure end member values.

Crystallography of Halotrichite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2 - Sphenoidal
Space Group:P2 {P1 1 2} {P2} {P1 2 1}
Cell Parameters:a = 20.51Å, b = 24.29Å, c = 6.18Å
β = 100.99°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.844 : 1 : 0.254
Unit Cell Volume:V 3,022.34 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:Crystals acicular [001]; distinctly terminated crystals rare. Radial or matted aggregates of hair-like crystals; tufted; spheroidal; as incrustations or effloresences; asbestiform. Larger crystals may be hollow or contain bubbles of liquid or gas.

Optical Data of Halotrichite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.480 nβ = 1.486 nγ = 1.490
2V:Measured: 35° , Calculated: 78°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.010

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:none

Chemical Properties of Halotrichite

Formula:
FeAl
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:FeAl2(SO4)4·22H2O
Essential elements:Al, Fe, H, O, S
All elements listed in formula:Al, Fe, H, O, S

Relationship of Halotrichite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Pickeringite (see here)
Member of:Halotrichite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Apjohnite
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
Bílinite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
Dietrichite
(Zn,Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
Pickeringite
MgAl
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
Redingtonite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
·22H
 
2
O
Wupatkiite
(Co,Mg,Ni)Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
·22H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
7.CB.05Dwornikite
(Ni,Fe)SO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Gunningite
ZnSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Kieserite
MgSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Poitevinite
(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Szmikite
MnSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Szomolnokite
FeSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.05Cobaltkieserite
CoSO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
7.CB.07Sanderite
MgSO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
7.CB.10Bonattite
CuSO
 
4
· 3H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Aplowite
(Co,Mn,Ni)SO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Boyleite
(Zn,Mg)SO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Ilesite
(Mn,Zn,Fe)SO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Rozenite
FeSO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Starkeyite
MgSO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Drobecite
CdSO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.15Cranswickite
MgSO
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
7.CB.20Chalcanthite
CuSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
7.CB.20Jôkokuite
MnSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
7.CB.20Pentahydrite
MgSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
7.CB.20Siderotil
FeSO
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Bianchite
(Zn,Fe)SO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Chvaleticeite
(Mn,Mg)SO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Ferrohexahydrite
FeSO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Hexahydrite
MgSO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Moorhouseite
(Co,Ni,Mn)SO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.25Nickelhexahydrite
(Ni,Mg,Fe)SO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.30Retgersite
NiSO
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Bieberite
CoSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Boothite
CuSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Mallardite
MnSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Melanterite
FeSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Zincmelanterite
(Zn,Cu,Fe)SO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.35Alpersite
(Mg,Cu)[SO
 
4
] · 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.40Epsomite
MgSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.40Goslarite
ZnSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.40Morenosite
NiSO
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.45Alunogen
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 17H
 
2
O
7.CB.45Meta-alunogen
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 12H
 
2
O
7.CB.50Aluminocoquimbite
FeAl(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 9H
 
2
O
7.CB.55Coquimbite
Fe
 
2-x
Al
 
x
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 9H
 
2
O, x ~0.5
7.CB.55Paracoquimbite
Fe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 9H
 
2
O
7.CB.55Rhomboclase
(H
 
5
O
 
2
)Fe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
7.CB.60Kornelite
Fe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 7H
 
2
O
7.CB.65Quenstedtite
Fe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 10H
 
2
O
7.CB.70Lausenite
Fe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
·6H
 
2
O
7.CB.75Lishizhenite
ZnFe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 14H
 
2
O
7.CB.75Römerite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 14H
 
2
O
7.CB.80Ransomite
CuFe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Apjohnite
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Bílinite
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Dietrichite
(Zn,Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Pickeringite
MgAl
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Redingtonite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Ni)(Cr,Al)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
·22H
 
2
O
7.CB.85Wupatkiite
(Co,Mg,Ni)Al
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
·22H
 
2
O
7.CB.90Meridianiite
MgSO
 
4
· 11H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
25.11.1Natrojarosite
NaFe
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
25.11.2Sideronatrite
Na
 
2
Fe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 3H
 
2
O
25.11.3Metasideronatrite
Na
 
2
Fe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · H
 
2
O
25.11.4Ferrinatrite
Na
 
3
Fe(SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 3H
 
2
O
25.11.5Amarillite
NaFe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
25.11.6Yavapaiite
KFe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
25.11.7Krausite
KFe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
25.11.8Goldichite
KFe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
25.11.9Jarosite
KFe
3+
 
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
25.11.10Voltaite
K
 
2
Fe
2+
5
Fe
3+
3
Al(SO
 
4
)
 
12
· 18H
 
2
O
25.11.11Ungemachite
K
 
3
Na
 
8
Fe(SO
 
4
)
 
6
(NO
 
3
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
25.11.12Metavoltine
Na
 
6
K
 
2
FeFe
 
6
(SO
 
4
)
 
12
O
 
2
· 18H
 
2
O
25.11.13Sabieite
(NH
 
4
)Fe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
25.11.14Ammoniojarosite
(NH
 
4
)Fe
3+
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
25.11.15Clairite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Fe
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
· 3H
 
2
O
25.11.16Mohrite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
Fe(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
25.11.17Lonecreekite
(NH
 
4
)Fe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
25.11.18Godovikovite
(NH
 
4
)Al(SO
 
4
)
 
2
25.11.19Botryogen
MgFe
3+
 
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 7H
 
2
O
25.11.21Slavíkite
(H
 
3
O
+
 
)
 
3
Mg
 
6
Fe
 
15
(SO
 
4
)
 
21
(OH)
 
18
· 98H
 
2
O
25.11.23Sturmanite
Ca
 
6
(Fe
3+
 
,Al,Mn
3+
 
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
[B(OH)
 
4
](OH)
 
12
· 25H
 
2
O
25.11.24Millosevichite
(Al,Fe)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
25.11.25Aluminocopiapite
Al
 
2/3
Fe
3+
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
2
· 20H
 
2
O
25.11.27Idrizite
(Mg,Fe)(Al,Fe)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
2
· 15H
 
2
O or near
25.11.28Lishizhenite
ZnFe
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
4
· 14H
 
2
O
25.11.29Zincovoltaite
K
 
2
Zn
 
5
Fe
3+
3
Al(SO
 
4
)
 
12
· 18H
 
2
O

Other Names for Halotrichite

Synonyms:
Butter-RockFeather AlumHalotrichite (of Glocker)Iron AlumMountain Butter
Other Languages:
French:Alotrichite
German:Alotrichit
Bergbutter
Eisenalaun
Federalaun vom Freyenwalde
Halotrichit
Halotrichit (of Glocker)
Hversalt
Italian:Halotrichine
Simplified Chinese:铁茂
Spanish:Alotrichita
Halotrichita
Varieties:
Masrite

Other Information

Other Information:Completely soluble in water to an acid solution.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Halotrichite

Reference List:

- +
Klaproth (1802) Beiträge zur Krystallographie und Mineralogie, Heidelberg: 3: 102 (as Federalaun vom Freyenwalde).

Glocker, E.F. (1839) Handbuch der Mineralogie, 2nd. edition, Nürnberg: 691 (as Halotrichit).

Forchhammer (1843) Jahresbericht über die Fortschritte der Chemie und Mineralogie, Tübingen: 23: 263 (as Hversalt).

Scacchi (1849) Mem. geol. camp. Nap.: 84 (as Halotrichine).

Uhlig (1912) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 723.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 41.

Schairer and Lawson (1926) American Journal of Science: 11: 301.

Doelter, C. (1927) Handbuch der Mineral-chemie: 4 [2]: 523, 545.

Vavrinecz (1929) Magyar Chemiai Folyóirat, Budapest: 35: 1.

Hintze, Carl (1930) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [3B]: 4505, 4512.

Kokta (1930) Přiroda, Brno: 32: 381.

Rutherford (1932) American Mineralogist: 17: 401.

Tokody (1933) Földtani Közlöny, Budapest (Magyarhone Földtani Torsulat): 62: 187.

Lo Sardo (1937) Periodico de Mineralogia-Roma: 8: 281.

Meixner and Pillewizer (1937) Zbl. Min.: 263.

Bandy (1938) American Mineralogist: 23: 724.

Gordon (1942) Academy of Science Philadelphia, Not. Nat. no. 101

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 523-527.

Canadian Mineralogist (1978): 16: 17.

Mihajlovic, T., Karanovic, L., Dimitrijevic, R. (2002) The crystal structure of halotrichite (Fe2+Al2(SO4)4·22H2O) from the mercury mine Šuplja Stena on Mt. Avala, Serbia. Jahrestagung der DGK, Kiel, Germany, March 4-7, 2002; abstract.

Internet Links for Halotrichite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Halotrichite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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    Localities for Halotrichite

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