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Epidote-(Pb)

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Formula:
{CaPb}{Al
 
2
Fe
3+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
System:MonoclinicColour:Dark brick-red (TL), ...
Hardness:6 - 7
Member of:Clinozoisite Group > Epidote Supergroup
Name:Originally named Hancockite in 1899 by Samuel L. Penfield and Charles H. Warren in honor of Elwood P. Hancock [May, 1835 New Jersey, USA - November 5, 1916 Burlington, Burlington County, New Jersey, USA], a landscape artist. Hancock started mineral collecting about 1854 and his collection was bequeathed to Harvard University in 1916. Renamed by the Epidote Subcommittee of the CNMMN in 2006 to Epidote-(Pb).
Isostructural with:Clinozoisite, Epidote

Classification of Epidote-(Pb)

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/C.23-90
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.BG.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
G : Sorosilicates with mixed SiO4 and Si2O7 groups; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
Dana 8th edition ID:58.2.1a.8

58 : SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
2 : Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Hey's CIM Ref.:16.14.16

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
14 : Aluminosilicates of Ti, Zr, Sn and Pb
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Type Occurrence of Epidote-(Pb)

Type Locality:Franklin Mine, Franklin, Franklin Mining District, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USA
Year of Discovery:1899
Associated Minerals at type locality:
WillemiteHendricksiteAndradite

Physical Properties of Epidote-(Pb)

Lustre:Vitreous, Dull
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Colour:Dark brick-red (TL), greenish-brown, yellow-brown
Hardness (Mohs):6 - 7

Crystallography of Epidote-(Pb)

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 9.03Å, b = 5.62Å, c = 10.29Å
β = 115.93°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.607 : 1 : 1.831
Unit Cell Volume:V 469.63 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Structure
  Reference
Dollase W A (1971) Refinement of the crystal structures of epidote, allanite and hancockite. American Mineralogist 56:447-464.

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More Crystal Structures
Click here to view more crystal structures at the American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database

Optical Data of Epidote-(Pb)

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.790 nβ = 1.810 nγ = 1.830
2V:Measured: 50° , Calculated: 88°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.040

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:r > v perceptible

Chemical Properties of Epidote-(Pb)

Formula:
{CaPb}{Al
 
2
Fe
3+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
Simplified for copy/paste:{CaPb}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Essential elements:Al, Ca, Fe, H, O, Pb, Si
All elements listed in formula:Al, Ca, Fe, H, O, Pb, Si
Common Impurities:Ca,Sr,Fe,Ti,Mn,Mg,Ba

Relationship of Epidote-(Pb) to other Species

Member of:Clinozoisite Group > Epidote Supergroup
Other Members of Group:

- +
Clinozoisite
{Ca
 
2
}{Al
 
3
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
Clinozoisite-(Sr)
{CaSr}{Al
 
3
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
Epidote
{Ca
 
2
}{Al
 
2
Fe
3+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
Epidote-(Sr)
{CaSr}{Al
 
2
Fe
3+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
Hancockite
{CaPb}{Al
 
2
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
Manganipiemontite-(Sr)
{CaSr}{Mn
3+
 
AlMn
3+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
Mukhinite
{Ca
 
2
}{Al
 
2
V
3+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
Piemontite
{Ca
 
2
}{Al
 
2
Mn
3+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
Piemontite-(Pb)
CaPbAl
 
2
Mn
3+
 
[Si
 
2
O
 
7
][SiO
 
4
]O(OH)
Piemontite-(Sr)
{CaSr}{Al
 
2
Mn
3+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.BG.05bAllanite-(Ce)
{CaCe}{Al
 
2
Fe
2+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05bAllanite-(La)
{CaLa}{Al
 
2
Fe
2+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05bAllanite-(Y)
{CaY}{Al
 
2
Fe
2+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05aClinozoisite
{Ca
 
2
}{Al
 
3
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05bDissakisite-(Ce)
{CaCe}{Al
 
2
Mg}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05Dollaseite-(Ce)
{CaCe}{MgAlMg}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)(OH)F
9.BG.05aEpidote
{Ca
 
2
}{Al
 
2
Fe
3+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05Khristovite-(Ce)
{CaCe}{MgAlMn
2+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)(OH)F
9.BG.05Mukhinite
{Ca
 
2
}{Al
 
2
V
3+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05Piemontite
{Ca
 
2
}{Al
 
2
Mn
3+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05Piemontite-(Sr)
{CaSr}{Al
 
2
Mn
3+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05bManganiandrosite-(La)
{Mn
2+
 
La}{Mn
3+
 
AlMn
2+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05Tawmawite
{Ca
 
2
}{(Al,Fe
3+
 
,Cr)
 
3
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05Manganipiemontite-(Sr)
{CaSr}{Mn
3+
 
AlMn
3+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05bFerriallanite-(Ce)
{CaCe}{Fe
3+
 
AlFe
2+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05Clinozoisite-(Sr)
{CaSr}{Al
 
3
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05Manganiandrosite-(Ce)
{(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)(Ce,REE)}{Mn
3+
 
AlMn
2+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05Dissakisite-(La)
{CaLa}{Al
 
2
Mg}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05Vanadoandrosite-(Ce)
{Mn
2+
 
Ce}{V
3+
 
AlMn
2+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05Uedaite-(Ce)
{Mn
2+
 
Ce}{Al
 
2
Fe
2+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05Epidote-(Sr)
{CaSr}{Al
 
2
Fe
3+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05bAllanite-(Nd)
{CaNd}{Al
 
2
Fe
2+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05bFerriallanite-(La)
{CaLa}{Fe
3+
 
AlFe
2+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.05bÅskagenite-(Nd)
{Mn
2+
 
Nd}{Al
 
2
Fe
3+
 
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O
 
2
9.BG.10Zoisite
{Ca
 
2
}{Al
 
3
}(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)O(OH)
9.BG.15Macfallite
Ca
 
2
(Mn
3+
 
,Al)
 
3
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
3
9.BG.15Sursassite
Mn
2+
2
Al
 
3
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
3
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Fe2+)
Ca
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.BG.20Okhotskite
Ca
 
2
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)(Mn
3+
 
,Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Fe2+)
Ca
 
2
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Fe3+)
Ca
 
2
(Fe
3+
 
,Mg,Fe
2+
 
)(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)(OH,O)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Mg)
Ca
 
2
MgAl
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Mn2+)
Ca
 
2
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)(Al,Mn
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.BG.20Shuiskite
Ca
 
2
(Mg,Al)(Cr,Al)
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Fe3+)
Ca
 
2
(Fe
3+
 
,Mg)(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)(OH,O)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.BG.20Pumpellyite-(Al)
Ca
 
2
(Al,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)Al
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)(OH,O)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.BG.20Poppiite
Ca
 
2
(V
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
,Mg)(V
3+
 
,Al)
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)(OH,O)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.BG.20Julgoldite-(Mg)
Ca
 
2
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)(Fe
3+
 
,Al)
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.BG.25Ganomalite
Pb
 
9
Ca
 
5
Mn(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
4
(SiO
 
4
)O
9.BG.30Rustumite
Ca
 
10
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
Cl
 
2
9.BG.35Vesuvianite
(Ca,Na,☐)
 
19
(Al,Mg,Fe
3+
 
)
 
13
(☐,B,Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
5
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
4
(SiO
 
4
)
 
10
(OH,F,O)
 
10
9.BG.35Wiluite
Ca
 
19
(Al,Mg)
 
13
(B,☐,Al)
 
5
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
4
(SiO
 
4
)
 
10
(O,OH)
 
10
9.BG.35Manganvesuvianite
Ca
 
19
Mn
3+
 
(Al,Mn
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
10
(Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
4
(SiO
 
4
)
 
10
O(OH)
 
9
9.BG.35Fluorvesuvianite
Ca
 
19
(Al,Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
13
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
4
(SiO
 
4
)
 
10
O(F,OH)
 
9
9.BG.40Vyuntspakhkite-(Y)
(Y,Yb)
 
4
Al
 
2.5-1.5
(Si,Al)
 
1.5-2.5
(SiO
 
4
)
 
4
O(OH)
 
7
9.BG.45Dellaite
Ca
 
6
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
9.BG.50Gatelite-(Ce)
CaCe
 
3
Al
 
2
(Al,Mg)(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Al)(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(O,F)(OH,O)
 
2
9.BG.55Västmanlandite-(Ce)
Ca(Ce,La)
 
3
Al
 
2
Mg
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
2
F
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
16.14.1Zorite
Na
 
8
(Ti,Nb)
 
5
(Si
 
6
O
 
17
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
5
· 14H
 
2
O
16.14.2Vinogradovite
(Na,Ca,K)
 
4
Ti
 
4
AlSi
 
6
O
 
23
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
16.14.3Rhönite
Ca
 
2
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
,Ti)
 
6
[O
 
2
|(Si,Al)
 
6
O
 
18
]
16.14.4Kaersutite
{Na}{Ca
 
2
}{Mg
 
3
AlTi}(Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
22
)O
 
2
16.14.5Ferro-kaersutite
{Na}{Ca
 
2
}{Fe
2+
3
AlTi}(Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
22
)O
 
2
16.14.6Jonesite
Ba
 
4
(K,Na)
 
2
Ti
 
4
Al
 
2
(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
4
O
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
16.14.7Lourenswalsite
(K,Ba)
 
2
(Ti,Mg,Ca,Fe)
 
4
(Si,Al,Fe)
 
6
O
 
14
(OH)
 
12
16.14.8Labuntsovite-Mn
Na
 
4
K
 
4
(Ba,K)
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 10-12H
 
2
O
16.14.9Kimzeyite
Ca
 
3
(Zr,Ti)
 
2
((Si,Al,Fe
3+
 
)O
 
4
)
 
3
16.14.10Ellenbergerite
Mg
 
6
(Mg,Ti,Zr,◻)
 
2
(Al,Mg)
 
6
Si
 
8
O
 
28
(OH)
 
10
16.14.11Carlosturanite
(Mg,Fe,Ti)
 
21
(Si,Al)
 
12
O
 
28
(OH)
 
34
•H
 
2
O
16.14.12Eakerite
Ca
 
2
SnAl
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
18
(OH)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
16.14.13Plumalsite
Pb
 
4
Al
 
2
(SiO
 
3
)
 
7
16.14.14Wickenburgite
CaPb
 
3
Al
 
2
Si
 
10
O
 
24
(OH)
 
6
16.14.15Maricopaite
Pb
 
7
Ca
 
2
(Si,Al)
 
48
O
 
100
· 32H
 
2
O
16.14.17Burckhardtite
Pb
 
2
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)Te
4+
 
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)O
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
16.14.18Mathewrogersite
Pb
 
7
FeAl
 
3
GeSi
 
12
O
 
36
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
6

Other Names for Epidote-(Pb)

Other Languages:
German:Epidot-(Pb)
Hancockit
Russian:Эпидот-(Pb)
Simplified Chinese:锶帘石
Spanish:Hancockita
Varieties:
Hancockite

Other Information

Health Warning:Contains Pb.

References for Epidote-(Pb)

Reference List:

- +
Palache, C. (1935), The Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, Sussex County, New Jersey. USGS Profesional Paper 180: 98.

Dollase, W.A. (1971), Refinement of the crystal structures of epidote, allanite and hancockite: American Mineralogist: 56: 447-464.

Frondel, C. (1972): The minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill - a checklist.

Mineralogical Magazine (1985): 49: 721.

Dunn, Pete J. (1995): Franklin and Sterling Hill New Jersey: the world’s most magnificent mineral deposits, Part3: 406.

Armbruster, T., Bonazzi, P., Akasaka, M., Bermanec, V., Chopin, C., Gieré R., Heuss-Assbichler, S., Liebscher, A., Menchetti, S., Pan, Y., Pasero, M. (2006): Recommended nomenclature of epidote-group minerals. European Journal of Mineralogy, 18, 551-567.

Internet Links for Epidote-(Pb)

Search Engines:
  • Look for Epidote-(Pb) on Google
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Epidote-(Pb) on Webmineral
  • Look for Epidote-(Pb) on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Epidote-(Pb) on Wikipedia
  • Look for Epidote-(Pb) on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Hancockite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Epidote-(Pb)

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Norway
     
    • Nordland
      • Hinnøya
        • Lødingen
    Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p (p.349) Henrich Neumann(1985): Norges Mineraler, Universitetsforlaget D. Holtstam and J. Langhof (1994) Hancockite from Jakobsberg, Filipstad, Sweden: the second world occurrence , MINERALOGICAL MAGAZINE, , VOL. 58, PP. 172-174
    Republic of Macedonia
     
    • Veles
    Geologia Croatica 51 (1998) 23-26 [http://www.geologia-croatica.hr/abstract/gc-51-1-04.html]
    Sweden
     
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
    Christy, A.G. & Gatedal, K. (2005): Extremely Pb-rich rock-forming silicates including a beryllian scapolite and associated minerals in a skarn from Långban, Värmland, Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 995-1018.
        • Nordmark (Nordmarksberg)
    Kjell Gatedal; Mineralogical Magazine (1994) 58 (1), 172-174
    USA
     
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
        • Franklin Mining District
          • Franklin
    Frondel, C.: The minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill - a checklist (1972); Palache(1935):98; Dunn(1995):Pt3:406.
    Van King
    Van King; Chester S. Lemanski, Jr.; Ronald DeBlois; Steven Misiur.
    palache (1935)
    Mineral and/or Locality  
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