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Hauerite

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Formula:
MnS
 
2
System:IsometricColour:Reddish-brown/black
Lustre:MetallicHardness:4
Member of:Pyrite Group
Name:
After Joseph Ritter von Hauer (1778-1863) and Franz von Hauer (1822-1899), Austrian geologists.

Classification of Hauerite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/D.17-60
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.EB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
B : M:S = 1:2, with Fe, Co, Ni, PGE, etc.
Dana 8th edition ID:2.12.1.9

2 : SULFIDES
12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.8.13

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
8 : Sulphides etc. of Cr, Mo, W an Mn
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Type Occurrence of Hauerite

Type Locality:Kalinka, Vígľašská Huta - Kalinka, Detva Co., Banská Bystrica Region, Slovakia
Year of Discovery:1846

Physical Properties of Hauerite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Reddish-brown/black
Comment:Deep red in transmitted light
Streak:Brornish red
Hardness (Mohs):4
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Perfect
Perfect on {001}
Fracture:Sub-Conchoidal
Density (measured):3.463 g/cm3
Density (calculated):3.444 g/cm3

Crystallography of Hauerite

Crystal System:Isometric
Class (H-M):m3 (2/m 3) - Diploidal
Space Group:Pa3 {P21/a 3}
Cell Parameters:a = 6.107Å
Unit Cell Volume:V 227.76 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Octahedral crystals
Crystal Atlas:
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Hauerite no.7 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Hauerite - {100}, {111}

About Crystal Atlas

The mindat.org Crystal Atlas allows you to view a selection of crystal drawings of real and idealised crystal forms for this mineral and, in certain cases, 3d rotating crystal objects. The 3d models and HTML5 code are kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Optical Data of Hauerite

Type:Isotropic
RI values: n = 2.69
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.000 - Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:Very High
Colour in reflected light:Grayish white with light brownish hue
Internal Reflections:red

Chemical Properties of Hauerite

Formula:
MnS
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:MnS2
Essential elements:Mn, S
All elements listed in formula:Mn, S
Common Impurities:Fe,Si

Relationship of Hauerite to other Species

Member of:Pyrite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Aurostibite
AuSb
 
2
Cattierite
CoS
 
2
Dzharkenite
FeSe
 
2
Erlichmanite
OsS
 
2
Fukuchilite
Cu
 
3
FeS
 
8
Gaotaiite
Ir
 
3
Te
 
8
Geversite
PtSb
 
2
Insizwaite
Pt(Bi,Sb)
 
2
Krut'aite
CuSe
 
2
Laurite
RuS
 
2
Penroseite
(Ni,Co,Cu)Se
 
2
Pyrite
FeS
 
2
Sperrylite
PtAs
 
2
Trogtalite
CoSe
 
2
Vaesite
NiS
 
2
Villamaninite
(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S
 
2
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.EB.05aAurostibite
AuSb
 
2
2.EB.05bBambollaite
Cu(Se,Te)
 
2
2.EB.05aCattierite
CoS
 
2
2.EB.05aErlichmanite
OsS
 
2
2.EB.05aFukuchilite
Cu
 
3
FeS
 
8
2.EB.05aGeversite
PtSb
 
2
2.EB.05aInsizwaite
Pt(Bi,Sb)
 
2
2.EB.05aKrut'aite
CuSe
 
2
2.EB.05aLaurite
RuS
 
2
2.EB.05aPenroseite
(Ni,Co,Cu)Se
 
2
2.EB.05aPyrite
FeS
 
2
2.EB.05aSperrylite
PtAs
 
2
2.EB.05aTrogtalite
CoSe
 
2
2.EB.05aVaesite
NiS
 
2
2.EB.05aVillamaninite
(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S
 
2
2.EB.05aDzharkenite
FeSe
 
2
2.EB.05aGaotaiite
Ir
 
3
Te
 
8
2.EB.10bAlloclasite
Co
 
1-x
Fe
 
x
AsS
2.EB.10dCostibite
CoSbS
2.EB.10aFerroselite
FeSe
 
2
2.EB.10aFrohbergite
FeTe
 
2
2.EB.10cGlaucodot
(Co
 
0.50
Fe
 
0.50
)AsS
2.EB.10aKullerudite
NiSe
 
2
2.EB.10aMarcasite
FeS
 
2
2.EB.10aMattagamite
CoTe
 
2
2.EB.10eParacostibite
CoSbS
2.EB.10ePararammelsbergite
NiAs
 
2
2.EB.10fOenite
CoSbAs
2.EB.15aAnduoite
(Ru,Os)As
 
2
2.EB.15aClinosafflorite
CoAs
 
2
2.EB.15aLöllingite
FeAs
 
2
2.EB.15aNisbite
NiSb
 
2
2.EB.15aOmeiite
(Os,Ru)As
 
2
2.EB.15cPaxite
CuAs
 
2
2.EB.15aRammelsbergite
NiAs
 
2
2.EB.15aSafflorite
CoAs
 
2
2.EB.15bSeinäjokite
(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)
 
2
2.EB.20Arsenopyrite
FeAsS
2.EB.20Gudmundite
FeSbS
2.EB.20Osarsite
(Os,Ru)AsS
2.EB.20Ruarsite
(Ru,Os)AsS
2.EB.25Cobaltite
CoAsS
2.EB.25Gersdorffite
NiAsS
2.EB.25Hollingworthite
(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
2.EB.25Irarsite
(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
2.EB.25Jolliffeite
NiAsSe
2.EB.25Krutovite
NiAs
 
2
2.EB.25Maslovite
PtBiTe
2.EB.25Michenerite
PdBiTe
2.EB.25Padmaite
PdBiSe
2.EB.25Platarsite
(Pt,Rh,Ru)AsS
2.EB.25Testibiopalladite
PdTe(Sb,Te)
2.EB.25Tolovkite
IrSbS
2.EB.25Ullmannite
NiSbS
2.EB.25Willyamite
(Co,Ni)SbS
2.EB.25Changchengite
IrBiS
2.EB.25Mayingite
IrBiTe
2.EB.25Hollingsworthite
2.EB.25Kalungaite
PdAsSe
2.EB.25Milotaite
PdSbSe
2.EB.30Urvantsevite
Pd(Bi,Pb)
 
2
2.EB.35Rheniite
ReS
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.8.1Brezinaite
Cr
 
3
S
 
4
3.8.2Caswellsilverite
NaCrS
 
2
3.8.3Kalininite
ZnCr
 
2
S
 
4
3.8.4Daubréelite
Fe
2+
 
Cr
3+
2
S
 
4
3.8.5Heideite
(Fe,Cr)
 
1.15
(Ti,Fe)
 
2
S
 
4
3.8.6Molybdenite
MoS
 
2
3.8.7 Molybdenite-3R
MoS
 
2
3.8.8Jordisite
MoS
 
2
3.8.9Drysdallite
Mo(Se,S)
 
2
3.8.10Tungstenite
WS
 
2
3.8.12Alabandite
Mn
2+
 
S
3.8.14Manganoshadlunite
(Mn,Pb,Cd)(Cu,Fe)
 
8
S
 
8

Other Names for Hauerite

Other Languages:
Catalan:Hauerita
Dutch:Haueriet
German:Hauerit
Italian:Hauerite
Russian:Гауерит
Simplified Chinese:方硫锰矿
褐硫锰矿
Slovak:Hauerit
Spanish:Hauerita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hauerite

Reference List:

- +
Haidinger, W. (1846): Ber. Mitt. Freund. Wiss. Wien: 2: 2.

Haidinger, W. (1847): Ueber den Hauerit, eine neue Mineralspecies aus der Ordnung der Blenden. - Naturwiss. Abh Wien 1, 101-108.

Onorato, E. (1930): Simmetria e struttura dell'hauerite. Periodico di Mineralogia - Roma pp. 109-137.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 293-294.

Abbolito E. (1960) Proprietà ottiche a luce riflessa dell'hauerite e dell'alabandite. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma pp. 1-8.

Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR (1979): 247: 448.

Internet Links for Hauerite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Hauerite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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    Localities for Hauerite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    China
     
    • Hunan Province
      • Yiyang Prefecture
        • Heshan District
    Hunan Metallurgical Geology Research Team 236 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(8), 20-25, 28; Baogui Zhang (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (Ed.): Geochemistry of strata-bound deposits in China. Science Press (Beijing), 240-253.; Yuanfang Xiao (1980): Geology and Prospecting 16(3), 18-20
    Germany
     
    • Thuringia
      • Gera
        • Ronneburg U deposit
    T. Witzke (1999): Ronneburg/Thuringia, the second occurrence of the manganese sulfide rambergite.- Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, p. 35-39
    Italy
     
    • Sicily
      • Catania Province
        • Raddusa
    AA.VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Tohoku Region
        • Aomori Prefecture
          • Shimokita peninsula
            • Mutsu City
    Aoki (1989) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 96.
    Poland
     
    • Małopolskie
      • Olkusz District
        • Olkusz
    Oliver Dziallas collection http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,7,262673,262900#msg-262900
    • Podkarpackie
      • Tarnobrzeg
        • Grzybów
    Karwowski Ł. & Burek W. 2003: SULPHIDES ASSOCIATION CONECTED WITH HAUERITE OCCURENCES IN BADENIAN CLAYSTONS NEAR TARNOBRZEG. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 22, pp. 105-107
    Karwowski, L. & Burek, W. (2003): Sulphides association conected (sic !) with hauerite occurences in Badenian Claystones near Tarnobrzeg. Polskie Towarystwo Mineralogiczne- Pracwe Specjalne [Mineralogical Society of Polen- Special Papers]. 22, 105-107
    Karwowski Ł. & Burek W. 2003: SULPHIDES ASSOCIATION CONECTED WITH HAUERITE OCCURENCES IN BADENIAN CLAYSTONS NEAR TARNOBRZEG. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 22, pp. 105-107
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Banská Štiavnica Co.
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Peter Huber (pers. comm. to Uwe Kolitsch, 2009)
      • Detva Co.
        • Vígľašská Huta - Kalinka
    [Nat.Abh. Wien (1846) 1, 101-110; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p84]
    USA
     
    • Louisiana
      • Iberia Parish
    R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
    R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
    R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
      • Iberville Parish
        • Plaquemine
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 383; Rocks & Minerals: 69(3): 156-162.; American Mineralogist 23:898
      • Plaquemines Parish
    R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
    R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
    • Texas
      • Brazoria Co.
    R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
    R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
    Rocks & Minerals: 66(3): 196-224.
      • Fort Bend Co.
        • Orchard
    R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
      • Galveston Co.
    R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
      • Harris Co.
        • Hockley
    Min News 11:8 pp6-8; AM. MINERALOGIST, V. 18, 335-340.
      • Jefferson Co.
        • Fannett
    R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
        • Hamshire
    AAPG Bulletin Volume 10 (1926) Hauerite in a Salt-Dome Cap Rock: GEOLOGICAL NOTES
      • Liberty Co.
    R&M 45:6 pp 371-379
      • Matagorda Co.
    R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
      • Wharton Co.
        • Newgulf
    Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
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