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Hauerite

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Franz von Hauer (1822-1899)
Formula:
MnS2
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Reddish-brown/black
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
4
Member of:
Name:
After Joseph Ritter von Hauer (1778-1863) and Franz von Hauer (1822-1899), Austrian geologists.

Classification of Hauerite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
2.EB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
B : M:S = 1:2, with Fe, Co, Ni, PGE, etc.
2.12.1.9

2 : SULFIDES
12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
3.8.13

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
8 : Sulphides etc. of Cr, Mo, W an Mn
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First Recorded Occurrence of Hauerite

Year of Discovery:
1846

Physical Properties of Hauerite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Reddish-brown/black
Comment:
Deep red in transmitted light
Streak:
Brornish red
Hardness (Mohs):
4
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {001}
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
3.463 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.444 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Hauerite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3 (2/m 3) - Diploidal
Space Group:
Pa3
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.107Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 227.76 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Octahedral crystals

Crystallographic forms of Hauerite

Crystal Atlas:
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Hauerite no.7 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Hauerite - {100}, {111}
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Optical Data of Hauerite

Type:
Isotropic
RI values:
n = 2.69
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.000 - Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:
Very High
Colour in reflected light:
Grayish white with light brownish hue
Internal Reflections:
red

Chemical Properties of Hauerite

Formula:
MnS2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Fe,Si

Relationship of Hauerite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
2.EB.05aAurostibiteAuSb2
2.EB.05bBambollaiteCu(Se,Te)2
2.EB.05aCattieriteCoS2
2.EB.05aErlichmaniteOsS2
2.EB.05aFukuchiliteCu3FeS8
2.EB.05aGeversitePtSb2
2.EB.05aInsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
2.EB.05aKrut'aiteCuSe2
2.EB.05aLauriteRuS2
2.EB.05aPenroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
2.EB.05aPyriteFeS2
2.EB.05aSperrylitePtAs2
2.EB.05aTrogtaliteCoSe2
2.EB.05aVaesiteNiS2
2.EB.05aVillamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2
2.EB.05aDzharkeniteFeSe2
2.EB.05aGaotaiiteIr3Te8
2.EB.10bAlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
2.EB.10dCostibiteCoSbS
2.EB.10aFerroseliteFeSe2
2.EB.10aFrohbergiteFeTe2
2.EB.10cGlaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
2.EB.10aKulleruditeNiSe2
2.EB.10aMarcasiteFeS2
2.EB.10aMattagamiteCoTe2
2.EB.10eParacostibiteCoSbS
2.EB.10ePararammelsbergiteNiAs2
2.EB.10fOeniteCoSbAs
2.EB.15aAnduoite(Ru,Os)As2
2.EB.15aClinosaffloriteCoAs2
2.EB.15aLöllingiteFeAs2
2.EB.15aNisbiteNiSb2
2.EB.15aOmeiite(Os,Ru)As2
2.EB.15cPaxiteCuAs2
2.EB.15aRammelsbergiteNiAs2
2.EB.15aSafflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
2.EB.15bSeinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2
2.EB.20ArsenopyriteFeAsS
2.EB.20GudmunditeFeSbS
2.EB.20Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsS
2.EB.20Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsS
2.EB.25CobaltiteCoAsS
2.EB.25GersdorffiteNiAsS
2.EB.25Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
2.EB.25Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
2.EB.25JolliffeiteNiAsSe
2.EB.25KrutoviteNiAs2
2.EB.25MaslovitePtBiTe
2.EB.25MicheneritePdBiTe
2.EB.25PadmaitePdBiSe
2.EB.25PlatarsitePtAsS
2.EB.25TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)
2.EB.25TolovkiteIrSbS
2.EB.25UllmanniteNiSbS
2.EB.25Willyamite(Co,Ni)SbS
2.EB.25ChangchengiteIrBiS
2.EB.25MayingiteIrBiTe
2.EB.25Hollingsworthite
2.EB.25KalungaitePdAsSe
2.EB.25MilotaitePdSbSe
2.EB.30UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2
2.EB.35RheniiteReS2
3.8.1BrezinaiteCr3S4
3.8.2CaswellsilveriteNaCrS2
3.8.3KalininiteZnCr2S4
3.8.4DaubréeliteFe2+Cr23+S4
3.8.5Heideite(Fe,Cr)1.15(Ti,Fe)2S4
3.8.6MolybdeniteMoS2
3.8.7 Molybdenite-3RMoS2
3.8.8JordisiteMoS2
3.8.9DrysdalliteMo(Se,S)2
3.8.10TungsteniteWS2
3.8.12AlabanditeMnS
3.8.14Manganoshadlunite(Mn,Pb,Cd)(Cu,Fe)8S8

Other Names for Hauerite

Name in Other Languages:
Catalan:Hauerita
Dutch:Haueriet
German:Hauerit
Italian:Hauerite
Simplified Chinese:方硫锰矿
褐硫锰矿
Slovak:Hauerit
Spanish:Hauerita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hauerite

Reference List:
Haidinger, W. (1846): Ber. Mitt. Freund. Wiss. Wien: 2: 2.

Haidinger, W. (1847): Ueber den Hauerit, eine neue Mineralspecies aus der Ordnung der Blenden. - Naturwiss. Abh Wien 1, 101-108.

Onorato, E. (1930): Simmetria e struttura dell'hauerite. Periodico di Mineralogia - Roma pp. 109-137.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 293-294.

Abbolito E. (1960) Proprietà ottiche a luce riflessa dell'hauerite e dell'alabandite. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma pp. 1-8.

Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR (1979): 247: 448.

Internet Links for Hauerite

Specimens:
The following Hauerite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Hauerite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
China
 
  • Hunan Province
    • Yiyang Prefecture
      • Heshan District
Hunan Metallurgical Geology Research Team 236 (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(8), 20-25, 28; Baogui Zhang (1996), In: Tu Guangzhi (Ed.): Geochemistry of strata-bound deposits in China. Science Press (Beijing), 240-253.; Yuanfang Xiao (1980): Geology and Prospecting 16(3), 18-20
Germany
 
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke (1999): Ronneburg/Thuringia, the second occurrence of the manganese sulfide rambergite.- Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, p. 35-39
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
          • Reppia
Balestra, C., Bracco, R., Bittarello, E., Ciriotti, M.E., Frenna, G., Bindi, L. (2014): I solfuri di Mn nelle miniere della Val Graveglia (Genova): nuovi dati. Micro, 2-3/2014, 124-129
  • Sicily
    • Catania Province
      • Raddusa
AA.VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Aomori Prefecture
        • Shimokita peninsula
          • Mutsu City
Aoki (1989) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 96.
Poland
 
  • Małopolskie
    • Olkusz District
      • Olkusz
Oliver Dziallas collection http://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,7,262673,262900#msg-262900
  • Podkarpackie
    • Tarnobrzeg
      • Grzybów
Karwowski Ł. & Burek W. 2003: SULPHIDES ASSOCIATION CONECTED WITH HAUERITE OCCURENCES IN BADENIAN CLAYSTONS NEAR TARNOBRZEG. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 22, pp. 105-107
Karwowski, L. & Burek, W. (2003): Sulphides association conected (sic !) with hauerite occurences in Badenian Claystones near Tarnobrzeg. Polskie Towarystwo Mineralogiczne- Pracwe Specjalne [Mineralogical Society of Polen- Special Papers]. 22, 105-107
Karwowski Ł. & Burek W. 2003: SULPHIDES ASSOCIATION CONECTED WITH HAUERITE OCCURENCES IN BADENIAN CLAYSTONS NEAR TARNOBRZEG. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 22, pp. 105-107
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Štiavnica Co.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Peter Huber (pers. comm. to Uwe Kolitsch, 2009)
    • Detva Co.
      • Vígľašská Huta - Kalinka
[Nat.Abh. Wien (1846) 1, 101-110; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p84]
USA
 
  • Louisiana
    • Iberia Parish
R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
    • Iberville Parish
      • Plaquemine
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 383; Rocks & Minerals: 69(3): 156-162.; American Mineralogist 23:898
    • Plaquemines Parish
R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
R&M 69:3 pp 156-162
  • Texas
    • Brazoria Co.
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
Rocks & Minerals: 66(3): 196-224.
    • Fort Bend Co.
      • Orchard
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
    • Galveston Co.
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
    • Harris Co.
      • Hockley
Min News 11:8 pp6-8; AM. MINERALOGIST, V. 18, 335-340.
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Fannett
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
      • Hamshire
AAPG Bulletin Volume 10 (1926) Hauerite in a Salt-Dome Cap Rock: GEOLOGICAL NOTES
    • Liberty Co.
R&M 45:6 pp 371-379
    • Matagorda Co.
R&M 66:3 pp 196-224
    • Wharton Co.
      • Newgulf
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Mineral and/or Locality  
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