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Haüyne

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Formula:
(Na,Ca)
 
4-8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
,S,Cl)
 
1-2
Sulfite and Polysulfide anions also occur in some examples.
System:IsometricColour:Blue, white, grey, ...
Lustre:Vitreous, GreasyHardness:5½ - 6
Member of:Sodalite Group
Name:
Tentatively named latialite in 1803 by Carlo Giuseppe Gismondi for the locality at Campagna (Latium) without formal publication. Named in 1807 by Tønnes Christian Bruun de Neergaard in honor of Abbé Rene Just Haüy [February 28, 1743 Saint-Just-en-Chausse, France - June 1, 1822 Paris, France], "Father of Crystallography". Haüy was a Roman Catholic Priest and curator of the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle in Paris. Haüy devised and sold wooden crystal models which were highly prized internationally, both among his contemporaries as well as today. Named berzeline in 1831 by Louis Albert Necker de Saussiere in honor of Jöns Jakob Berzelius. The mineral was temporarily name hauynite by James Dwight Dana in 1868.


Sodalite Group.Ideally the two sodalite cages in Haüyne's unit cell contain Na3CaSO4
Pale-coloured varieties are easily confused with nosean and darker ones are the variety Lazurite.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Haüyne. Currently in public beta-test.

Classification of Haüyne

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/J.11-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.FB.10

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
F : Tektosilicates without zeolitic H2O
B : Tektosilicates with additional anions
Dana 7th edition ID:76.2.3.3
Dana 8th edition ID:76.2.3.3

76 : TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
2 : Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Hey's CIM Ref.:17.10.4

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
10 : Silicates with sulphate, molybdate or tungstate
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Type Occurrence of Haüyne

Type Locality:Lake Nemi, Alban Hills, Rome Province, Latium, Italy

Occurrences of Haüyne

Geological Setting:In phonolites and other silica deficient igneous rocks.

Physical Properties of Haüyne

Lustre:Vitreous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Colour:Blue, white, grey, yellow, green, pink.
Comment:The various colours arise from minor cage contents
Streak:Very pale blue to white. Lazurite variety is bright blue
Hardness (Mohs):5½ - 6
Hardness Data:Measured
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
Distinct on {110}
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):2.44 - 2.5 g/cm3

Crystallography of Haüyne

Crystal System:Isometric
Class (H-M):4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:P4 3n
Cell Parameters:a = 9.11(2) Å
Unit Cell Volume:V 756.06 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:Dodecahedral or octahedral
Twinning:On {111}
Comment:Range: 9.08-9.13

Optical Data of Haüyne

Type:Isotropic
RI values: n = 1.494 - 1.509
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.000 - Isotropic minerals have no birefringence
Surface Relief:Low
Pleochroism:Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of Haüyne

Formula:
(Na,Ca)
 
4-8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
,S,Cl)
 
1-2


Sulfite and Polysulfide anions also occur in some examples.
Simplified for copy/paste:(Na,Ca)4-8(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,Cl)1-2
Idealised Formula:
Na
 
6
Ca
 
2
(Si
 
6
Al
 
4
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
Essential elements:Al, Na, O, S, Si
All elements listed in formula:Al, Ca, Cl, Na, O, S, Si

Relationship of Haüyne to other Species

Member of:Sodalite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Berzeline (of Necker)
Lazurite
Na
 
6
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
,S,S
 
2
, S
 
3
,Cl,OH)
 
2
Nosean
Na
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
Sodalite
Na
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)Cl
 
2
Tsaregorodtsevite
(N(CH
 
3
)
 
4
)(AlSi
 
5
O
 
12
)
Vladimirivanovite
Na
 
6
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
,S
 
3
,S
 
2
,Cl)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.FB.05Afghanite
(Na,Ca,K)
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(Cl
 
2
,SO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 0.5H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Bystrite
(Na,K)
 
7
Ca(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(S
 
3
)
 
1.5
· H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Cancrinite
(Na,Ca,☐)
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(CO
 
3
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Cancrisilite
Na
 
7
(Al
 
5
Si
 
7
O
 
24
)(CO
 
3
) · 3H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Davyne
(Na,K)
 
6
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(Cl
 
2
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
9.FB.05Franzinite
(Na,K)
 
6
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 0.5H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Giuseppettite
(Na,K,Ca)
 
7-8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
,Cl)
 
1-2
9.FB.05Hydroxycancrinite
Na
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(OH)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Liottite
(Na,K)
 
16
Ca
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
5
Cl
 
4
9.FB.05Microsommite
Na
 
4
K
 
2
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
)Cl
 
2
9.FB.05Pitiglianoite
Na
 
6
K
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Quadridavyne
(Na,K)
 
6
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)Cl
 
4
9.FB.05Sacrofanite
(Na,K)
 
98
Ca
 
20
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)
 
14
(SO
 
4
)
 
26
Cl
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Tounkite
(Na,Ca,K)
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
Cl · H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Vishnevite
(Na,K)
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
,CO
 
3
) · 2H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Marinellite
(Na,K)
 
42
Ca
 
6
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)
 
6
(SO
 
4
)
 
8
Cl
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Farneseite
(Na,Ca,K)
 
56
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)
 
7
(SO
 
4
)
 
12
· 6H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Alloriite
(Na,Ca,K)
 
26
Ca
 
4
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)
 
6
Cl
 
6
9.FB.05Fantappièite
[Na
 
82.5
Ca
 
33
K
 
16.5
](Si
 
99
Al
 
99
O
 
396
)(SO
 
4
)
 
33
· 4H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Kyanoxalite
Na
 
7
(Al
 
6-x
Si
 
6+x
O
 
24
)(C
 
2
O
 
4
)
 
0.5+x
· 5H
 
2
O (0 < x < 0.5)
9.FB.05Balliranoite
(Na,K)
 
6
Ca
 
2
(Si
 
6
Al
 
6
O
 
24
)Cl
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
9.FB.05Carbobystrite
Na
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(CO
 
3
) · 3.5H
 
2
O
9.FB.05Depmeierite
Na
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(PO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
 
1-x
· 3H
 
2
O (x<0.5)
9.FB.05Kircherite
Na
 
5
Ca
 
2
K(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 0.33H
 
2
O
9.FB.10Bicchulite
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
2
SiO
 
6
)(OH)
 
2
9.FB.10Danalite
Fe
2+
4
(Be
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
)S
9.FB.10Genthelvite
Zn
 
4
(Be
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
)S
9.FB.10Helvine
Mn
2+
4
(Be
 
3
Si
 
3
O
 
12
)S
9.FB.10Kamaishilite
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
2
SiO
 
6
)(OH)
 
2
9.FB.10Lazurite
Na
 
6
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
,S,S
 
2
, S
 
3
,Cl,OH)
 
2
9.FB.10Nosean
Na
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
9.FB.10Sodalite
Na
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)Cl
 
2
9.FB.10Tsaregorodtsevite
(N(CH
 
3
)
 
4
)(AlSi
 
5
O
 
12
)
9.FB.10Tugtupite
Na
 
4
(AlBeSi
 
4
O
 
12
)Cl
9.FB.15Marialite
Na
 
4
Al
 
3
Si
 
9
O
 
24
Cl
9.FB.15Meionite
Ca
 
4
Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
CO
 
3
9.FB.15Silvialite
(Ca,Na)
 
4
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
17.10.1Nosean
Na
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
17.10.2Pitiglianoite
Na
 
6
K
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
) · 2H
 
2
O
17.10.3Vishnevite
(Na,K)
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
,CO
 
3
) · 2H
 
2
O
17.10.5Liottite
(Na,K)
 
16
Ca
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
5
Cl
 
4
17.10.6Latiumite
(Ca,K)
 
4
(Si,Al)
 
5
O
 
11
(SO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
17.10.7Tuscanite
(K(Ca,Na)
 
6
(Si,Al)
 
10
O
 
22
[SO
 
4
,CO
 
3
,(OH)
 
2
] · H
 
2
O
17.10.8Microsommite
Na
 
4
K
 
2
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
)Cl
 
2
17.10.9Delhayelite
(Na,K)
 
10
Ca
 
5
Al
 
6
Si
 
32
O
 
80
(Cl
 
2
,F
 
2
,SO
 
4
)
 
3
· 18H
 
2
O
17.10.10Hydrodelhayelite
KCa
 
2
AlSi
 
7
O
 
17
(OH)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
17.10.11Davyne
(Na,K)
 
6
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(Cl
 
2
,SO
 
4
)
 
2
17.10.12Afghanite
(Na,Ca,K)
 
8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(Cl
 
2
,SO
 
4
,CO
 
3
)
 
3
· 0.5H
 
2
O
17.10.13Franzinite
(Na,K)
 
6
Ca
 
2
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
· 0.5H
 
2
O
17.10.14Giuseppettite
(Na,K,Ca)
 
7-8
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)(SO
 
4
,Cl)
 
1-2
17.10.15Sacrofanite
(Na,K)
 
98
Ca
 
20
(Al
 
6
Si
 
6
O
 
24
)
 
14
(SO
 
4
)
 
26
Cl
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
17.10.16Chessexite
(Na,K)
 
4
Ca
 
2
(Mg,Zn)
 
3
Al
 
8
(SO
 
4
)
 
10
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
· 40H
 
2
O
17.10.17Innelite
Na
 
2
CaBa
 
4
Ti
 
3
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
4
17.10.18Thaumasite
Ca
 
3
(SO
 
4
)[Si(OH)
 
6
](CO
 
3
) · 12H
 
2
O
17.10.19Ellestadite
17.10.20Ellestadite-(Cl)
Ca
 
10
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(SO
 
4
)
 
3
Cl
 
2
17.10.21Hydroxylellestadite
Ca
 
5
(SiO
 
4
)
 
1.5
(SO
 
4
)
 
1.5
(OH)
17.10.22Fluorellestadite
Ca
 
5
(SiO
 
4
)
 
1.5
(SO
 
4
)
 
1.5
F
17.10.23Mattheddleite
Pb
 
5
(SiO
 
4
)
 
1.5
(SO
 
4
)
 
1.5
(Cl,OH)
17.10.24Queitite
Pb
 
4
Zn
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(SiO
 
4
)(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
17.10.25Roeblingite
Pb
 
2
Ca
 
6
Mn
2+
 
(Si
 
3
O
 
9
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
17.10.26Yoshimuraite
Ba
 
2
Mn
 
2
Ti(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)(PO
 
4
)O(OH)
17.10.27Kegelite
Pb
 
8
Al
 
4
(Si
 
8
O
 
20
)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
8
17.10.28Wenkite
(Ba,K)
 
4
(Ca,Na)
 
6
[(SO
 
4
)
 
3
|(Si,Al)
 
20
O
 
39
(OH)
 
2
] · 0.5H
 
2
O
17.10.29Macquartite
Cu
 
2
Pb
 
7
(CrO
 
4
)
 
4
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
17.10.30Welinite
Mn
2+
6
(W
6+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6

Other Names for Haüyne

Synonyms:
AuinaHauyniteMarialite (of Ryllo)
Other Languages:
German:Ajuin
Hauyn
Hauynit
Ittnerit
Latialit
Scolopsit
Skolopsit
Japanese:藍方石
Russian:Гаюин
Simplified Chinese:蓝方石
Spanish:Hauynita
Traditional Chinese:藍方石
Varieties:
Berzeline (of Necker)Lazurite

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Reddish orange to purplish pink in LW
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Haüyne

Reference List:

- +
Bruun-Neergard, T.C. (1807): Ueber den Hauyn (la Hauyne), eine neue mineralische Substanz. Journal des Mines, 21, 365-380.

Bruun-Neergard, T.C. (1807): Ueber den Hauyn (la Hauyne), eine neue mineralische Substanz. Journal of Chemical Physics, 4, 417-429.

Van Peteghem, J.K. and Burley, B.J. (1963) Studies on solid solution between sodalite, nosean, and hauyne. Canadian Mineralogist: 7: 808-813.

Hassan, I. and Grundy, H.D. (1991) The crystal structure of hauyne at 293 and 153 K. Canadian Mineralogist: 29: 123-130.

Bellatreccia, F., Della Ventura, G., Piccinini, M. Cavallo, A. and Brilli, M. (2009): H2O and CO2 in minerals of the haüyne-sodalite group: an FTIR spectroscopy study. Mineralogical Magazine 73, 399-413.

Internet Links for Haüyne

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  • Localities for Haüyne

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Afghanistan
     
    • Badakhshan Province (Badakshan Province; Badahsan Province)
      • Jurm District
        • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
          • Jurm (Firghamu; Firgamu)
    [var: Lazurite] RWMW Collection
      • Khash & Kuran Wa Munjan Districts
        • Koksha Valley (Kokscha Valley; Kokcha Valley)
    [var: Lazurite] Mountain Minerals specimen
    [var: Lazurite] John Attard PXRD
    [var: Lazurite] Dudley Blauwet priv. comm.(2008), RWMW collection
          • Sar-e Sang (Sar Sang; Sary Sang)
    Journal of Petrology 43(4):725-747 (2002)
    Dudley Blauwet (2008)Private Communication Malcolm Back (2009) Private Communication Fernando Camara (2010)Private Communication Fernando Camera (2013) Private Communication
    Armenia
     
    • Ararat Province
    • Syunik' Province
    Australia
     
    • Tasmania
      • Huon district
    Bottrill, RS, 1997. The Minerals of the Cygnet District. The Mineralogical Society of Tasmania Newsletter, 25, p.12
    Austria
     
    • Burgenland
      • Oberpullendorf
        • Kobersdorf
          • Pauliberg
    U. Kolitsch, W. Postl, H.-P. Bojar and W. Trattner (2009): Die Mineralvorkommen im Basalt des Pauliberges. In: Autorenkollektiv (Red. M. A. Götzinger und P. Huber) (2009): Die Mineralien des Burgenlandes - Geologie, Mineralogie und mineralische Rohstoffe. – Wissenschaftliche Arbeiten aus dem Burgenland, Band 126, Amt der Burgenländischen Landesregierung, Abteilung 7 - Landesmuseum, Eisenstadt, 83-99.
    • Styria
      • Bad Gleichenberg
        • Wilhelmsdorf
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    Burma (Myanmar)
     
    • Mandalay Division
      • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
        • Mogok Township
          • Mogok Valley
    [var: Lazurite] Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
          • Pein-Pyit (Painpyit; Pyan Pyit)
    [var: Lazurite] Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Canada
     
    • Nova Scotia
      • Cumberland Co.
    [var: Lazurite] N.R. Goodman, "Gypsum in Nova Scotia and its Associated Minerals," Geology of Canadian Industrial Mineral Deposits, 1957.
    • Nunavut Territory
      • Baffin Island
    D. D. Hogarth (1971) Lapis Lazuli near Lake Harbour, Southern Baffin Island, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 8:1210-1217.
    • Ontario
      • Carleton Co.
        • Gloucester Township
    [var: Lazurite] Analysis by Canadian Museum of Nature
      • Hastings Co.
        • Wollaston Township
    [var: Lazurite] Identified by Mineral Associates Inc.
    • Québec
      • Laurentides
        • Deux-Montagnes RCM
          • Oka
    David H. Watkinson (1972) Electron microprobe analysis of melilite and garnet from the Oka complex, Quebec. Can Mineral 11:457-463
    GOLD, D.P. (1969) The Oka carbonatite and alkaline complex. Guidebook GAC/MAC Annual meeting 1969, 43-62.
      • Montréal
        • Mont Royal
    Chartrand (1999)
    Osann (1892)
    Chile
     
    • Coquimbo Region
      • Limarí Province
        • Monte Patria
          • El Polvo
    [var: Lazurite] Maksaev, V., Townley, B., Palacios, C., and Camus, F. (2007): Metallic ore deposits. In: Moreno, T., and Gibbons, W. (editors): The Geology of Chile. The Geological Society (London), pp. 414.
        • Ovalle
    [var: Lazurite] Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    [var: Lazurite] British Natural History Museum online catalogue 2007
    China
     
    • Jiangsu Province
      • Nanjing Prefecture
        • Jiangning District
    Yunhui Huang and Xiuzhong Zhou (1982): Acta Petrologica Mineralogica et Analytica 1(3), 25-29, 44
    Ecuador
     
    • Napo Province
    Earth Planet Sci Let 205:123-138.
    Ricardo D Escobar, Jennifer M Garrison, Kenneth W Sims, Timothy P Matthews, Gene M Yogodzinski (2012) V11D-2801: Geochemistry and petrogenetic history of lavas from Sumaco Volcano, Northern Volcanic Zone, Ecuador. AGU Fall meeting; Bourdon, E., Eissen, J. P., Gutscher, M. A., Monzier, M., Hall, M. L., & Cotten, J. (2003). Magmatic response to early aseismic ridge subduction: the Ecuadorian margin case (South America). Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 205(3), 123-138.
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Cantal
        • Cantal Mts
          • Puy Mary area
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
        • Menet
          • Brocq-en-Menet
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
      • Puy-de-Dôme
        • Orcival
    LACROIX A: Mineralogie de la France et de ses territoires d'outre-mer 1963 Tome I p 71 72
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Ardèche
        • Privas
          • Saint-Priest
    Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 450-464.
      • Loire
        • Böen
          • Marcoux
    BRGM (1980) - Notice de la carte géologique au 1/50 000ème (feuille Montbrison)
    French Polynesia
     
    • Windward Islands
      • Tahiti
        • Tahiti Iti
          • Teahupoo
    Iddings, J.P., Morley, E.W. (1918): A Contribution to the Petrography of the South Sea Islands, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 1918, April; 4(4), p. 110–117
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Feldberg area
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Freiburg im Breisgau
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Hegau
        • Singen
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 211.
      • Kaiserstuhl
        • Oberbergen
    No reference listed
        • Oberrotweil
    No reference listed
    Fricke, G., (1988): Der Kaiserstuhl und seine Minerale, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 39(2), 74-76
        • Schelingen
          • Orberg - Badberg area
    Keller, J., Williams T. (1995): Niocalite and Wöhlerite from the alkaline and carbonatite rocks at Kaiserstuhl, Germany, Mineralogical Magazine, Vol.: 59, 561-566
      • Kraichgau
        • Sinsheim
    Frenzel, G. (1953): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 3(6), 409-444.
      • Odenwald
        • Mosbach
          • Neckarelz
    Frenzel, G. (1953): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 3(6), 409-444.
    • Hesse
      • Odenwald
        • Roßdorf
    S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Andernach
          • Eich
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
        • Bad Breisig
          • Brohl-Lützing (Niederlützingen)
    Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
        • Daun
          • Brück-Dreis
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
          • Üdersdorf
    Schüller, W., Betz, V., Die Mineralien vom Emmelberg, Lapis 12/1986
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag, München (2. Auflage), 1987
        • Gerolstein
          • Roth
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Hillesheim
    Hentschel, G., Die Lavaströme der Graulai: eine neue Fundstelle in der Westeifel, Lapis, Weise Verlag München, 09/1993
          • Oberbettingen
    Hentschel, G.(1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 2. Auflage
          • Steffeln
    A. Wittern: Mineralfundorte in Deutschland, Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
        • Laach lake volcanic complex
          • Kruft
    Nose, C.W., Mineralogische Studien über die Gebirge am Niederrhein, J.J.Nöggerath (Herausgeber) Frankfurt /Main, 1808
          • Mendig
            • Niedermendig
    Nose, C.W., Mineralogische Studien über die Gebirge am Niederrhein, J.J.Nöggerath (Herausgeber) Frankfurt /Main, 1808
    [Nose, C.W., Mineralogische Studien über die Gebirge am Niederrhein, J.J.Nöggerath (Herausgeber) Frankfurt /Main, 1808], [Minealien Welt 1/93:14]
              • Wingertsberg
    Nose, C.W., Mineralogische Studien über die Gebirge am Niederrhein, J.J.Nöggerath (Herausgeber) Frankfurt /Main, 1808
          • Niederzissen
            • Glees
    Nose, C.W., Mineralogische Studien über die Gebirge am Niederrhein, J.J.Nöggerath (Herausgeber) Frankfurt /Main, 1808
        • Mayen
          • Ettringen
            • Bellerberg volcano
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise (München), 1983
              • Northern Lava flow
    Brauns, R. (1922): Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart
              • Southern lava flow
    Brauns, R. (1922): Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart
              • Western lava flow
    Brauns, R. (1922): Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart
            • Hochstein (Hohestein; Forstberg)
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
          • Hochsimmer volcano
            • St Johann
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Mendig
          • Bell
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
          • Niedermendig
    Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
        • Niederzissen
          • Burgbrohl
    Blass, G., (2010): Die neuen Mineralienfunde aus der Vulkaneifel, Mineralienwelt, Vol. 05, 2010
          • Glees
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
          • Hannebach
    Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
    Brauns, R., Die Mineralien der Niederrheinischen Vulkangebiete, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart, 1922
          • Wassenach
    Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
        • Polch
          • Ochtendung
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Greenland
     
    • Tunu Province (East Greenland)
      • Kangerlussuaq Firth
        • Kangerlussuaq complex
    MinRec 24:1-15
    Guinea
     
    Italy
     
    • Abruzzo
      • L'Aquila Province
        • Carsoli
          • Pietrasecca
    Comodi, P., Liu, Y., Stoppa, F., & Woolley, A. (1999). A multi-method analysis of Si-, S- and REE-rich apatite from a new find of kalsilite-bearing leucitite (Abruzzi, Italy). Mineralogical Magazine, 63: 661-672.
    • Basilicata
      • Potenza Province
        • Melfi
          • Vulture Mount
    Stoppa, F., Jones, A.P., and Sharygin, V.V. (2009): Central European Journal of Geosciences 1(2), 131-151
        • Monte Vulture
          • Melfi
    Del Caldo, A., Moro, C., Gramaccioli, C.M., and Boscardin, M. (1973): Guida ai Minerali. Fabbri ed., xx pp.
    [var: Lazurite] Stoppa, F., and Liu, Y. (1995): European Journal of Mineralogy 7(2), 391-402
    • Campania
      • Caserta Province
        • Roccamonfina Volcanic Complex
    Giannetti, B. (): Cumulate inclusions from K-rich magmas, Roccamonfina volcano, Italy. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 57, 313-335
      • Naples Province
        • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
    Min Rec (1996) 27:109-114
            • Ercolano
    [var: Lazurite] Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I Minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
              • San Vito
    Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
    Ragone V., Ottone G. (1997) Cinque anni di ricerche mineralogiche al Somma-Vesuvio. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 21: 137-154.
            • Pollena - Trocchia area
    Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I Minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
    Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
            • Terzigno
    [var: Lazurite] Luigi Chiappino data
            • Torre del Greco
    Russo, M. (2003): Mineralogia Vesuviana - Villa Inglese. Micro (località), 2003, 1-10
      • Phlegrean Volcanic complex
        • Naples Province
          • Phlegrean Fields
            • Bacoli
    Punzo, I., Russo, M. (1998): Primo ritrovamento di Hauyna ai Campi Flegrei, http://www.geocities.com/gmgn/n3_98-2.htm
    Pichler, H., (1970): Italienische Vulkangebiete II, Bornträger Berlin Stuttgart
    • Latium
      • Rome Province
    Federico, M., Peccerillo, A., (2002): Mineral chemistry and petrogenesis of granular ejecta from the Alban Hills volcano, Mineralogy and Petrology, Vol 74, 223-252
          • Albano Laziale
    Gianfagna, A., Merlino, S., Perchiazzi, N. (1988). Guarinite, a new finding in the sanidinite ejecta of the IV Hydromagmatic Unit from Albano lake crater, Latium, Italy. Periodico di Mineralogia, 57: 81-84.
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
    Mariani P., Scaini G.: "I minerali d'Italia" - Rizzoli, 1978 –
    ▪ Bruun-Neergard, T.C. (1807): Ueber den Hauyn (la Hauyne), eine neue mineralische Substanz. Journal des Mines, 21, 365-380.
        • Bracciano Lake
          • Castel Giuliano
    Dario Di Domenico collection
        • Rome
    No reference listed
    Stoppani, F.S. & Curti, E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
        • Sacrofano Caldera
          • Campagnano di Roma
    Stoppani, F.S. & Curti, E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
          • Magliano Romano
    Stoppani, F.S. & Curti, E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
    Min Rec (1996) 27:109-114
      • Viterbo Province
        • Làtera volcano
          • Gradoli
    - Signoretti, E. & Bosco, P. (2001): Le cave di Gradoli e Onano. Il Cercapietre, 1/2-2001, 10-25
          • Onano
    Cresta, S., Duronio, F., Mancinella, D. (2002): Geositi e sistema delle arre protette del Lazio: idee per la geoconservazione. Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2002, 48-55
        • Vico Lake
    No reference listed
    • Sardinia
      • Oristano Province
        • Narbolia
    Conti-Vecchi, G. & Stara, P. (1991): Minerali della Sardegna. Edizioni della Torre, Cagliari, 276p.
    • Tuscany
      • Grosseto Province
        • Pitigliano
    Liotti L., 1991. I minerali dei vulcani laziali a Pitigliano (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 15 (3): 121-139.
    Namibia
     
    • Khomas Region
      • Windhoek District
        • Aris
    Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:243-244
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Lake Baikal area
    [var: Lazurite] Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
              • Malaya Bystraya River Valley
    [var: Lazurite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    [var: Lazurite] Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Aleksandrov, S. M., & Senin, V. G. (2006). Genesis and composition of lazurite in magnesian skarns. Geochemistry International, 44(10), 976-988.
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
    Slovakia
     
    • Žilina Region
      • Turčianske Teplice Co.
    [var: Lazurite] Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    Spain
     
    • Canary Islands
      • Las Palmas Province
        • Gran Canaria (Grand Canary)
          • Arucas
    Hernandez-Pacheco, A., (1969): The Tahitites of Gran Canaria and their haüynitization, Bulletin volcanologique, Vol. 33, 701-728
    Hernandez-Pacheco, A., (1969): The Tahitites of Gran Canaria and their haüynitization, Bulletin volcanologique, Vol. 33, 701-728
          • Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
    Alex Hansen Machín (2009). Volcanología y geomorfología de la etapa de rejuvenecimiento plio-pleistocena de Gran Canaria (Islas Canarias). Tesis doctoral.
      • Santa Cruz de Tenerife Province
    hède
        • Tenerife
    Linde,Conrad (1998): "Hauyn-Kristalle von Teneriffa".LAPIS vol 23.(1998) nr 1, p.22
    • Catalonia
      • Girona (Gerona)
        • Garrotxa
          • Olot
    Aufschluss 1978(5), 157-160
    Guiomar Calvo Sevillano (2008) Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 9, #5, 56-63.
    Sweden
     
    • Dalarna
      • Älvdalen
        • Särna
    No reference listed
    No reference listed
    • Småland
      • Vetlanda
        • Alseda
    [var: Lazurite] The Swedish Museum of Natural History, Bergskollegium collection # 18577211
    • Uppland
      • Uppsala
        • Almunge
    No reference listed
    Switzerland
     
    • Schaffhausen
      • Beringen
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 211.
      • Thayngen
        • Lohn
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 211.
    Tajikistan
     
    • Viloyati Mukhtori Gorno-Badakhshan (Viloyati Badakhshoni Kuni)
      • Pamir Mts
        • Khorog Region
          • Shakhdara range
            • Badom-Dara
    Fersman Mineralogical Museum specimen 67401
    Tanzania
     
    • Arusha Region
    Zaitsev (2012): Mineral chemistry and crystal structure of haüyne from the Oldoinyo Lengai volcano, northern Tanzania. Eifel-Symposium 2012, "Variability and complexity of minerals and their synthetic analogues of the Vulkaneifel and related provinces”, Christian Albrechts University, Kiel, 23.04. - 30.04.2012.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • St Just District
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    USA
     
    • Alabama
      • Tallapoosa Co.
    [var: Lazurite] Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull 120
    • Arkansas
      • Pulaski Co.
        • Little Rock
    [var: Lazurite] Rocks and Minerals, (1989) 64:314-322
    [var: Lazurite] Henry Barwood - unpublished (2010)
    • California
      • Los Angeles Co.
        • San Gabriel Mts
          • San Antonio Canyon
            • San Antonio Creek
    [var: Lazurite] Rogers, Austin Flint (1912), Notes on rare minerals from California: Columbia University, School of Mines Quarterly: 33: 377; Surr, Gordon (1913), Lapis lazuli in southern California: Mining and Engineering World: Dec 27, 39: 1153-1154; Rogers, Austin Flint (1938b), Lapis lazuli from San Bernardino County, California: American Mineralogist: 23: 111-114; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 367-368.
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • San Gabriel Mts
    [var: Lazurite] Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
          • San Antonio Canyon
    [var: Lazurite] Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    [var: Lazurite] Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    [var: Lazurite] Rogers, Austin Flint (1912b), Notes on rare minerals from California: Columbia University, School of Mines Quarterly: 33: 377; Surr, Gordon (1913), Lapis lazuli in southern California: Mining and Engineering World: Dec 27, 39: 1153-1154; Rogers, Austin Flint (1938b), Lapis lazuli from San Bernardino County, California: American Mineralogist: 23: 111-114; Sharp, W.E. (1959) Minerals from Los Angeles County, California. Printed privately, Los Angeles, California: 43; Sinkankas, J. (1976) Gemstones of North America II. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York: 323; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 367-368.
    • Colorado
      • Boulder Co.
        • Boulder
    Volcanic Rock of Alum Hill, Boulder, CO Andrews, C, L. 1895
        • Wallstreet
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Clear Creek Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Gunnison Co.
        • Dorchester District
          • Taylor Park
    [var: Lazurite] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    [var: Lazurite] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    [var: Lazurite] Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Huerfano Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Las Animas Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Teller Co.
    Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
    • Montana
      • Petroleum Co.
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
    • Nevada
      • Clark Co.
    [var: Lazurite] NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
        • Wantage Township
          • Libertyville
    Rutgers Univ. Bull. #5, Pt 1:53-54.
    • New Mexico
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd rev. ed., 1996
        • Carisbrook
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • New York
      • St. Lawrence Co.
    Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State,p.46
          • Balmat
    [var: Lazurite] George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
    [var: Lazurite] George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
    [var: Lazurite] Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
          • Edwards
    [var: Lazurite] Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17:47-52
    • North Carolina
    [var: Lazurite] Genth,F.A and Kerr,W.C,1881,Minerals and Mineral Localities of North Carolina,Geologic Survey
    • South Dakota
      • Lawrence Co.
        • Spearfish Canyon
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    • Wyoming
      • Sweetwater Co.
        • Green River Formation
    [var: Lazurite] Am Min 49:778-781
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