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Hawleyite

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Formula:
CdS
System:IsometricColour:Bright yellow
Hardness:2½ - 3
Member of:Sphalerite Group
Name:
Named in 1955 by Robert James Traill and Robert William Boyle in honor of Professor James Edwin (Ed) Hawley [September 27, 1897 Kingston, Ontario, Canada – April 20, 1965], professor of mineralogy at Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada and a specialist in sulfide ore deposit theory.
Dimorph of:Greenockite


Yellow powdery coatings that also look like greenockite. Much that is attributed to greenockite is actually hawleyite.

Classification of Hawleyite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/C.01-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.CB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.
Dana 8th edition ID:2.8.2.6

2 : SULFIDES
8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.4.8

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
4 : Sulphides etc. of Group II metals other than Hg (Mg, Ca, Zn, Cd)
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Type Occurrence of Hawleyite

Type Locality:Hector-Calumet mine (Calumet mine - Hector mine), Calumet, Galena Hill, Mayo Mining District, Yukon Territory, Canada

Occurrences of Hawleyite

Geological Setting:Fine coatings on sphalerite - probably of secondary origin

Physical Properties of Hawleyite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent, Opaque
Colour:Bright yellow
Hardness (Mohs):2½ - 3
Density (calculated):4.87 g/cm3

Crystallography of Hawleyite

Crystal System:Isometric
Class (H-M):4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:F4 3m
Cell Parameters:a = 5.818Å
Unit Cell Volume:V 196.93 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Fine grained powdery coatings

Chemical Properties of Hawleyite

Formula:
CdS
Essential elements:Cd, S
All elements listed in formula:Cd, S

Relationship of Hawleyite to other Species

Member of:Sphalerite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Common Associates:
SphaleriteSphaleriteSiderite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.CB.05aColoradoite
HgTe
2.CB.05aMetacinnabar
HgS
2.CB.05cPolhemusite
(Zn,Hg)S
2.CB.05bSakuraiite
(Cu,Zn,Fe,In,Sn)S
2.CB.05aSphalerite
ZnS
2.CB.05aStilleite
ZnSe
2.CB.05aTiemannite
HgSe
2.CB.05UM1998-15-S:CuFeZn
Cu
 
2
Fe
 
3
Zn
 
5
S
 
10
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite
(Fe,Zn)S
2.CB.10aChalcopyrite
CuFeS
 
2
2.CB.10aEskebornite
CuFeSe
 
2
2.CB.10aGallite
CuGaS
 
2
2.CB.10bHaycockite
Cu
 
4
Fe
 
5
S
 
8
2.CB.10aLenaite
AgFeS
 
2
2.CB.10bMooihoekite
Cu
 
9
Fe
 
9
S
 
16
2.CB.10bPutoranite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
16
2.CB.10aRoquesite
CuInS
 
2
2.CB.10bTalnakhite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
8
S
 
16
2.CB.10aLaforêtite
AgInS
 
2
2.CB.15aČernýite
Cu
 
2
(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aFerrokesterite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aHocartite
Ag
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aIdaite
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
6
2.CB.15aKesterite
Cu
 
2
(Zn,Fe)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aKuramite
Cu
 
3
SnS
 
4
2.CB.15bMohite
Cu
 
2
SnS
 
3
2.CB.15aPirquitasite
Ag
 
2
ZnSnS
 
4
2.CB.15aStannite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15cStannoidite
Cu
+
6
Cu
2+
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)
 
3
Sn
 
2
S
 
12
2.CB.15aVelikite
Cu
 
2
HgSnS
 
4
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZn
Cu
 
8
(Fe,Zn)
 
3
Ge
 
2
S
 
12
(?)
2.CB.20Chatkalite
Cu
 
6
FeSn
 
2
S
 
8
2.CB.20Mawsonite
Cu
 
6
Fe
 
2
SnS
 
8
2.CB.30Colusite
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(As,Sn,Sb)
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Germanite
Cu
 
13
Fe
 
2
Ge
 
2
S
 
16
2.CB.30Germanocolusite
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(Ge,As)
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Nekrasovite
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(Sn,As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Stibiocolusite
Cu
 
13
V
 
4
(Sb,Sn,As)
 
3
S
 
16
2.CB.30Ovamboite
Cu
 
20
(Fe,Cu,Zn)
 
6
W
 
2
Ge
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Maikainite
Cu
 
20
(Fe,Cu)
 
6
Mo
 
2
Ge
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.35aHemusite
Cu
 
6
SnMoS
 
8
2.CB.35aKiddcreekite
Cu
 
6
SnWS
 
8
2.CB.35aPolkovicite
(Fe,Pb)
 
3
(Ge,Fe)
 
1-x
S
 
4
2.CB.35aRenierite
(Cu,Zn)
 
11
(Ge,As)
 
2
Fe
 
4
S
 
16
2.CB.35aVinciennite
Cu
+
7
Cu
2+
3
Fe
2+
2
Fe
3+
2
Sn(As,Sb)S
 
16
2.CB.35aMorozeviczite
(Pb,Fe)
 
3
Ge
 
1-x
S
 
4
2.CB.35bCatamarcaite
Cu
 
6
GeWS
 
8
2.CB.40Lautite
CuAsS
2.CB.45Cadmoselite
CdSe
2.CB.45Greenockite
CdS
2.CB.45Wurtzite
(Zn,Fe)S
2.CB.45Rambergite
MnS
2.CB.45Buseckite
(Fe,Zn,Mn)S
2.CB.55aCubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.55bIsocubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.60Picotpaulite
TlFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.60Raguinite
TlFeS
 
2
2.CB.65Argentopyrite
AgFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.65Sternbergite
AgFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.70Sulvanite
Cu
 
3
VS
 
4
2.CB.75Vulcanite
CuTe
2.CB.80Empressite
AgTe
2.CB.85Muthmannite
AuAgTe
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.4.1Niningerite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)S
3.4.2Oldhamite
(Ca,Mg)S
3.4.3Mátraite
ZnS
3.4.4Sphalerite
ZnS
3.4.5Wurtzite
(Zn,Fe)S
3.4.6Stilleite
ZnSe
3.4.7Greenockite
CdS
3.4.9Cadmoselite
CdSe

Other Names for Hawleyite

Other Languages:
German:Hawleyit
Russian:Хаулеит
Simplified Chinese:黄硫镉矿
方硫镉矿
Spanish:Hawleyita

Other Information

Health Warning:Contains cadmium - always wash hands after handling. Avoid inhaling dust when handling or breaking. Never lick or ingest.

References for Hawleyite

Reference List:

- +
TRAILL, R.J. & BOYLE, R.W. (1955): Hawleyite, isometric cadmium sulphide, a new mineral. American Mineralogist 40, 555-559.
Cerny, P. (1957) Second occurrence of hawleyite-b-CdS. Casopis Mineralogii a Geologii: 2: 13-16.
Augustithis, S.S. and Vgenopoulos, A. (1982) On the hawleyite-sphalerite-wurtzite-galena paragenesis from Ragada, Komotini, (Rhodope) North Greece. Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits: 2: 413-417.
Deore, S. and Navrotsky, A. (2006) Oxide melt solution calorimetry of sulfides: Enthalpy of formation of sphalerite, galena, greenockite, and hawleyite. American Mineralogist: 91: 400-403.

Internet Links for Hawleyite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Look for Hawleyite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Hawleyite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Hawleyite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Localities for Hawleyite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Yancowinna Co.
        • Broken Hill
    Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
    • Tasmania
      • Waratah district
        • Magnet
    Steve Sorrell Collection
    • Western Australia
      • Coolgardie Shire
    No reference listed
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Karawanken
        • Finkenstein
          • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
    A.Pichler (2003)
    • Vorarlberg
      • Montafon
        • Verwall group
          • Rinder valley (Gafluna valley)
    Kolitsch, U. (2009): 1578) Hawleyit, Hemimorphit, Hydrozinkit, Posnjakit und Sphalerit von der Putzkammeralpe im Rindertal (Gaflunatal) Montafon, Vorarlberg. Pp. 202-203 in: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199/119, 189-236.
    Belgium
     
    • Liège Province
      • Verviers
        • Theux
          • Oneux
    • Namur Province
      • Andenne
        • Landenne
    No reference listed
      • Namur
    Blondieau, M. et al. (2012): Minéralogie de la carrière de Beez, Province de Namur (Belgique). Le Règne Minéral, 104, 5-26.
    Canada
     
    • Manitoba
      • Lac-du-Bonnet area
        • Bernic Lake
    Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 16, pp, 625-640 (1978)
    • Ontario
      • Sudbury District
        • Levack Township
    Springer (1989) Can. Min. 27, 311-313; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
    • Yukon Territory
      • Mayo Mining District
    Sabina (1992) gsc mr 50, 80-84
          • Calumet
    TRAILL, R.J. & BOYLE, R.W. (1955): Hawleyite, isometric cadmium sulphide, a new mineral. American Mineralogist 40, 555-559.
          • Elsa
    M.Mauthner (collection)
    JF Carpentier collection
    JAMBOR, J.L. & BOYLE, R.W. (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill B Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • Antofagasta Province
        • Sierra Gorda District
          • Caracoles
    minerals confirmed by Dr. Jochen Schluter Pdf analysis
    • Atacama Region
      • Cerro Blanco
    Handbook of Mineralogy; Clark, A. H., & Sillitoe, R. H. (1971). Hawleyite from Mina Coquimbana (Cerro Blanco), Atacama Province, Chile. N Jb Miner Mh, 205-210.
    China
     
    • Guizhou Province
      • Qiannan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Duyun Co.
    Tiegeng Liu, Qian Zhang, Lin Ye, and Shuxun Shao (2004): Geology in China 31(1), 40-45
    • Hunan Province
      • Chenzhou Prefecture
        • Suxian District
    Damao Wu and Yansong Tan (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 34-36
    Czech Republic
     
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Zlín Region
        • Komňa
    Kruťa, T.: Příspěvky k moravské topografické mineralogii VI. Časopis Moravského musea v Brně, 1956, roč. 41, s. 5-30.
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Haute-Loire
        • Pinols
          • Pinols
    http://micromineral.geoglob-market.com/catalogue/
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Hérault
        • Lodève
    Niels van Velzen Purchased in 1999. Dealer unknown
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
    Lapis 23(12), 45 (1998)
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
    LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
          • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
    Branko Rieck collection and PXRD-analysis
    Hungary
     
    • Heves Co.
      • Mátra Mtns
        • Parádsasvár (Üveghuta)
    Szakáll - Gatter: Minerals of Hungary
    Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl; Minerals and their Localities, 2004
    India
     
    • Karnataka
      • Kolar District
    Mishra, B., and Panigrahi, M.K. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 173-181.
          • Central Schist Belt
    Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Galway
      • Killimor
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Italy
     
    • Sardinia
      • Nuoro Province
        • Gadoni
    Ogniben G., De Pieri R. (1967) - I minerali di alterazione di Su Friscu (Giacimento di Funtana Raminosa, Sardegna) - Per. Min. Roma, n. 36, vol III, pp. 659-671 and M. Boscardin: Informazioni di mineralogia Italiana: Minerali secondari della miniera di Funtana Raminosa (Sardegna) Notizie del Gruppo Min. Lombardo, n. 1, March 1974, pag. 5
    • Tuscany
      • Livorno Province
        • Campiglia Marittima
    Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kinki Region
        • Shiga Prefecture
          • Konan City
            • Ishibe
    Masutomi Museum specimens (Kyoto)
    New Zealand
     
    • North Island
      • Te Aroha
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Norway
     
    • Buskerud
      • Drammen
        • Konnerud
    Nilsen, Øyvind Juul (1993): Konnerudområdets sekundærmineraler. STEIN 20 (1), 12-21
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
        • Taimyr Peninsula
          • Putoran Plateau
            • Noril'sk
              • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Keivy Mountains
    Voytekhovsky, Yu.L. (2008): New finding of cadmium sulfide in kyanite schists of Kola Peninsula. Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society), 137(2), 63-66
    Spain
     
    • Murcia
      • Cartagena
        • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
          • Llano del Beal
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Martigny
        • Mont Chemin
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 211.
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 198.
    Tajikistan
     
    • Region of Republican Subordination
      • Tien Shan Mtn
        • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
    I. Pekov data pers. comm. L. Horváth 2008
    • Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad)
      • Kuraminskii Range
    Enikeev, M. R. (1970): Find of hawleyite. Zapiski Uzbekistanskogo Otdeleniya Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, No. 23, 112-114.; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
      • Zeravshan Range
        • Yagnob River
    No reference listed
    UK
     
    • England
      • Derbyshire
        • Ashover
          • Milltown
    BMS Database; Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993): The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire. UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13, 16-55.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Dragoon Mts
          • Dragoon District (Golden Rule District)
            • Buena Vista and Horse Fall Mines
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 244.
    • California
      • Riverside Co.
        • Crestmore
    Eakle, A.S. (1917) Minerals associated with crystalline limestone at Crestmore, Riverside County, California. University of California Bull. Department of Geology: 10: 352; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 86; [email protected]
    • Colorado
      • Gilpin Co.
        • Central City District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Indiana
      • Pike Co.
    MinRec 15:351
    • Maine
      • Oxford Co.
        • Rumford
    Scott Soucey and Tim Blake specimens
    • Nevada
      • Eureka Co.
        • Eureka District
          • Ruby Hill
    Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
        • Mount Hope District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Nye Co.
        • Lodi District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
    Tom Loomis specimen; Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
      • Pershing Co.
        • Nightingale District
    Tony Nickischer specimen and analysis.
      • White Pine Co.
        • Ward District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
        • Franklin Mining District
          • Franklin
            • Franklin Mine
    Dunn(1995):Pt4:534.
          • Ogdensburg
            • Sterling Hill
    Dunn(1995):Pt4:535.
    • New Mexico
      • Grant Co.
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    M Massis collection
    • South Dakota
      • Pennington Co.
        • Keystone District
          • Glendale
    Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
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