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Hawleyite

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James Edwin (Ed) Hawley
Formula:
CdS
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Bright yellow
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Name:
Named in 1955 by Robert James Traill and Robert William Boyle in honor of Professor James Edwin (Ed) Hawley [September 27, 1897 Kingston, Ontario, Canada – April 20, 1965], professor of mineralogy at Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada and a specialist in sulfide ore deposit theory.
Dimorph of:
Yellow powdery coatings that also look like greenockite. Much that is attributed to greenockite is actually hawleyite.

Classification of Hawleyite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
2.CB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.
2.8.2.6

2 : SULFIDES
8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
3.4.8

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
4 : Sulphides etc. of Group II metals other than Hg (Mg, Ca, Zn, Cd)
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First Recorded Occurrence of Hawleyite

Occurrences of Hawleyite

Geological Setting:
Fine coatings on sphalerite - probably of secondary origin

Physical Properties of Hawleyite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent, Opaque
Colour:
Bright yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
2½ - 3
Density:
4.87 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Hawleyite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
4 3m - Hextetrahedral
Space Group:
F4 3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.818Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 196.93 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Fine grained powdery coatings

Chemical Properties of Hawleyite

Formula:
CdS
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Hawleyite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
2.CB.05aColoradoiteHgTe
2.CB.05aMetacinnabarHgS
2.CB.05cPolhemusite(Zn,Hg)S
2.CB.05bSakuraiite(Cu,Zn,Fe)3(In,Sn)S4
2.CB.05aSphaleriteZnS
2.CB.05aStilleiteZnSe
2.CB.05aTiemanniteHgSe
2.CB.05UM1998-15-S:CuFeZnCu2Fe3Zn5S10
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)S
2.CB.10aChalcopyriteCuFeS2
2.CB.10aEskeborniteCuFeSe2
2.CB.10aGalliteCuGaS2
2.CB.10bHaycockiteCu4Fe5S8
2.CB.10aLenaiteAgFeS2
2.CB.10bMooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16
2.CB.10bPutoraniteCu9(Fe,Ni)9S16
2.CB.10aRoquesiteCuInS2
2.CB.10bTalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
2.CB.10aLaforêtiteAgInS2
2.CB.15aČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4
2.CB.15aFerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4
2.CB.15aHocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
2.CB.15aIdaiteCu5FeS6
2.CB.15aKësteriteCu2(Zn,Fe)SnS4
2.CB.15aKuramiteCu3SnS4
2.CB.15bMohiteCu2SnS3
2.CB.15aPirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4
2.CB.15aStanniteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4
2.CB.15cStannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
2.CB.15aVelikiteCu2HgSnS4
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZnCu8(Fe,Zn)3Ge2S12 (?)
2.CB.20ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8
2.CB.20MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8
2.CB.30ColusiteCu26V2(As,Sn,Sb)6S32
2.CB.30GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16
2.CB.30GermanocolusiteCu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
2.CB.30NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
2.CB.30StibiocolusiteCu13V4(Sb,Sn,As)3S16
2.CB.30Ovamboite Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32
2.CB.30MaikainiteCu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
2.CB.35aHemusiteCu6SnMoS8
2.CB.35aKiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8
2.CB.35aPolkovicite(Fe,Pb)3(Ge,Fe)1-xS4
2.CB.35aRenierite(Cu,Zn)11(Ge,As)2Fe4S16
2.CB.35aVincienniteCu7+Cu32+Fe22+Fe23+Sn(As,Sb)S16
2.CB.35aMorozeviczite(Pb,Fe)3Ge1-xS4
2.CB.35bCatamarcaiteCu6GeWS8
2.CB.40LautiteCuAsS
2.CB.45CadmoseliteCdSe
2.CB.45GreenockiteCdS
2.CB.45Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
2.CB.45RambergiteMnS
2.CB.45Buseckite(Fe,Zn,Mn)S
2.CB.55aCubaniteCuFe2S3
2.CB.55bIsocubaniteCuFe2S3
2.CB.60PicotpauliteTlFe2S3
2.CB.60RaguiniteTlFeS2
2.CB.65ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3
2.CB.65SternbergiteAgFe2S3
2.CB.70SulvaniteCu3VS4
2.CB.75VulcaniteCuTe
2.CB.80EmpressiteAgTe
2.CB.85MuthmanniteAuAgTe2
3.4.1Niningerite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)S
3.4.2Oldhamite(Ca,Mg)S
3.4.3MátraiteZnS
3.4.4SphaleriteZnS
3.4.5Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
3.4.6StilleiteZnSe
3.4.7GreenockiteCdS
3.4.9CadmoseliteCdSe

Other Names for Hawleyite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Hawleyit
Simplified Chinese:黄硫镉矿
方硫镉矿
Spanish:Hawleyita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Hawleyite

Reference List:
TRAILL, R.J. & BOYLE, R.W. (1955): Hawleyite, isometric cadmium sulphide, a new mineral. American Mineralogist 40, 555-559.
Cerny, P. (1957) Second occurrence of hawleyite-b-CdS. Casopis Mineralogii a Geologii: 2: 13-16.
Augustithis, S.S. and Vgenopoulos, A. (1982) On the hawleyite-sphalerite-wurtzite-galena paragenesis from Ragada, Komotini, (Rhodope) North Greece. Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits: 2: 413-417.
Deore, S. and Navrotsky, A. (2006) Oxide melt solution calorimetry of sulfides: Enthalpy of formation of sphalerite, galena, greenockite, and hawleyite. American Mineralogist: 91: 400-403.

Internet Links for Hawleyite

Localities for Hawleyite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
  • Tasmania
    • Waratah district
      • Magnet
Steve Sorrell Collection
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
No reference listed
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Karawanken
      • Finkenstein
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
A.Pichler (2003)
  • Vorarlberg
    • Montafon
      • Verwall group
        • Rinder valley (Gafluna valley)
Kolitsch, U. (2009): 1578) Hawleyit, Hemimorphit, Hydrozinkit, Posnjakit und Sphalerit von der Putzkammeralpe im Rindertal (Gaflunatal) Montafon, Vorarlberg. Pp. 202-203 in: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199/119, 189-236.
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Verviers
      • Theux
        • Oneux
  • Namur Province
    • Andenne
      • Landenne
No reference listed
    • Namur
Blondieau, M. et al. (2012): Minéralogie de la carrière de Beez, Province de Namur (Belgique). Le Règne Minéral, 104, 5-26.
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 16, pp, 625-640 (1978)
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Levack Township
Springer (1989) Can. Min. 27, 311-313; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
  • Yukon Territory
    • Mayo Mining District
Sabina (1992) gsc mr 50, 80-84
        • Calumet
TRAILL, R.J. & BOYLE, R.W. (1955): Hawleyite, isometric cadmium sulphide, a new mineral. American Mineralogist 40, 555-559.
        • Elsa
M.Mauthner (collection)
JF Carpentier collection
JAMBOR, J.L. & BOYLE, R.W. (1962): Gunningite, a new zinc sulphate from the Keno Hill B Galena Hill area, Yukon. Can. Mineral. 7, 209-218.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Sierra Gorda District
        • Caracoles
minerals confirmed by Dr. Jochen Schluter Pdf analysis
  • Atacama Region
    • Cerro Blanco
Handbook of Mineralogy; Clark, A. H., & Sillitoe, R. H. (1971). Hawleyite from Mina Coquimbana (Cerro Blanco), Atacama Province, Chile. N Jb Miner Mh, 205-210.
China
 
  • Guizhou Province
    • Qiannan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Duyun Co.
Tiegeng Liu, Qian Zhang, Lin Ye, and Shuxun Shao (2004): Geology in China 31(1), 40-45
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Suxian District
Damao Wu and Yansong Tan (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(9), 34-36
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Zlín Region
      • Komňa
Kruťa, T.: Příspěvky k moravské topografické mineralogii VI. Časopis Moravského musea v Brně, 1956, roč. 41, s. 5-30.
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Haute-Loire
      • Pinols
        • Pinols
http://micromineral.geoglob-market.com/catalogue/
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
Niels van Velzen Purchased in 1999. Dealer unknown
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
Lapis 23(12), 45 (1998)
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
Branko Rieck collection and PXRD-analysis
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Parádsasvár (Üveghuta)
Szakáll - Gatter: Minerals of Hungary
Jan H.Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl; Minerals and their Localities, 2004
India
 
  • Karnataka
    • Kolar District
Mishra, B., and Panigrahi, M.K. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 173-181.
        • Central Schist Belt
Genkin A D, Safonov Y G, Vasudev V N, Rao B K, Boronikhin V A, Vyalsov L N, Gorshkov A I, Mokhov A V (1985) Kolarite PbTeCl2 and radhakrishnaite PbTe3(Cl,S)2, new mineral species from the Kolar Gold Deposit, India, The Canadian Mineralogist, 23, 501-506
Ireland
 
  • Co. Galway
    • Killimor
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Nuoro Province
      • Gadoni
Ogniben G., De Pieri R. (1967) - I minerali di alterazione di Su Friscu (Giacimento di Funtana Raminosa, Sardegna) - Per. Min. Roma, n. 36, vol III, pp. 659-671 and M. Boscardin: Informazioni di mineralogia Italiana: Minerali secondari della miniera di Funtana Raminosa (Sardegna) Notizie del Gruppo Min. Lombardo, n. 1, March 1974, pag. 5
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campiglia Marittima
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Cerri, M., Pistolesi, M., Rapaccini, S. & Santucci, A. (2013). Temperino e Lanzi. Le paragenesi secondarie dello skarn. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2013, 40-55.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Ena City
Matsubara & Nomura (1982) Chigaku Kenkyu, 33, 197-199
    • Kinki Region
      • Shiga Prefecture
        • Konan City
          • Ishibe
Masutomi Museum specimens (Kyoto)
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Te Aroha
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Drammen
      • Konnerud
Nilsen, Øyvind Juul (1993): Konnerudområdets sekundærmineraler. STEIN 20 (1), 12-21
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
          • Noril'sk
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Keivy Mountains
Voytekhovsky, Yu.L. (2008): New finding of cadmium sulfide in kyanite schists of Kola Peninsula. Zapiski RMO (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society), 137(2), 63-66
Spain
 
  • Murcia
    • Cartagena
      • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
        • Llano del Beal
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 211.
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 198.
Tajikistan
 
  • Region of Republican Subordination
    • Tien Shan Mtn
      • Alai Range (Alayskiy)
I. Pekov data pers. comm. L. Horváth 2008
  • Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad)
    • Kuraminskii Range
Enikeev, M. R. (1970): Find of hawleyite. Zapiski Uzbekistanskogo Otdeleniya Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, No. 23, 112-114.; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
    • Zeravshan Range
      • Yagnob River
No reference listed
UK
 
  • England
    • Derbyshire
      • Ashover
        • Milltown
BMS Database; Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993): The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire. UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13, 16-55.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dragoon Mts
        • Dragoon District (Golden Rule District)
          • Buena Vista and Horse Fall Mines
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 244.
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
Eakle, A.S. (1917) Minerals associated with crystalline limestone at Crestmore, Riverside County, California. University of California Bull. Department of Geology: 10: 352; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 86; micromounts@yahoogroups.com.
  • Colorado
    • Gilpin Co.
      • Central City District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Indiana
    • Pike Co.
MinRec 15:351
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Rumford
Scott Soucey and Tim Blake specimens
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Eureka District
        • Ruby Hill
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Mount Hope District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Lodi Hills
        • Lodi District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
Tom Loomis specimen; Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
    • Pershing Co.
      • Nightingale District
Tony Nickischer specimen and analysis.
    • White Pine Co.
      • Ward District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
          • Franklin Mine
Dunn(1995):Pt4:534.
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Dunn(1995):Pt4:535.
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
M Massis collection
  • South Dakota
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Glendale
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
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