Mindat Logo

Herzenbergite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.



Formula:
(Sn,Pb)SnS
 
2
System:OrthorhombicHardness:2
Name:After the chemist Dr Roberto Herzenberg, an ethnic German from Riga, Latvia, who became head of the ore analysis laboratories for Bolivian "tin baron" Moritz (Mauricio) Hochschild in Oruro, Bolivia. Herzenberg died at a relatively young age of an illness in Chile.


Herzenbergite-Teallite Series.

Discovered by Roberto Herzenberg, who named it "kolbeckine". A better description was later published by Ramdohr, who renamed it after Herzenberg.

Classification of Herzenbergite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/C.17-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.CD.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
D : With Sn, Pb, Hg, etc.
Dana 8th edition ID:2.8.24.

2 : SULFIDES
8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.6.1

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
6 : Sulphides etc. of Sb and Pb
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-1880.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Herzenbergite

Type Locality:Maria-Teresa Mine, Huari, Avaroa Province, Oruro Department, Bolivia
Year of Discovery:1934

Physical Properties of Herzenbergite

Hardness (Mohs):2

Crystallography of Herzenbergite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:a = 4.32Å, b = 11.19Å, c = 3.97Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.386 : 1 : 0.355
Unit Cell Volume:V 191.91 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Herzenbergite

Formula:
(Sn,Pb)SnS
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:(Sn,Pb)SnS2
Idealised Formula:
SnS
Essential elements:S, Sn
All elements listed in formula:Pb, S, Sn

Relationship of Herzenbergite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Teallite (see here)
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.CD.05Teallite
(Pb,Sn)SnS
 
2
2.CD.10Alabandite
Mn
2+
 
S
2.CD.10Altaite
PbTe
2.CD.10Clausthalite
PbSe
2.CD.10Galena
PbS
2.CD.10Niningerite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)S
2.CD.10Oldhamite
(Ca,Mg)S
2.CD.10Keilite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)S
2.CD.15aCinnabar
HgS
2.CD.15bHypercinnabar
HgS
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.6.2Ottemannite
beta Sn
 
2
S
 
3
3.6.3Berndtite
SnS
 
2
3.6.4Stistaite
SnSb
3.6.5Galena
PbS
3.6.6Clausthalite
PbSe
3.6.7Altaite
PbTe
3.6.8Furutobeite
(Cu,Ag)
 
6
PbS
 
4
3.6.9Aschamalmite
Pb
 
6
Bi
 
2
S
 
9
3.6.10Betekhtinite
Pb
 
2
(Cu,Fe)
 
21
S
 
15
3.6.11Shadlunite
(Pb,Cd)(Fe,Cu)
 
8
S
 
8

Other Names for Herzenbergite

Synonyms:
Kolbeckine
Other Languages:
German:Herzenbergit
Russian:Герценбергит
Simplified Chinese:硫锡矿
Spanish:Herzenbergita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Herzenbergite

Reference List:

- +
Herzenberg, R. (1932) Kolbeckin, Sn2S3, ein neues Zinnmineral. CentralBlatt fuer Mineralogie, A, 345-355.

Ramdohr, P. (1935) Vorkommen und Eigenschaften des Herzenbergits. Zeitschrift fuer Kristallographie, 92, 186-189.

American Mineralogist (1935): 20: 541.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 259-260.

Transactions of the Russian Academy of Sciences/Earth Science Sections: 159: 90-93.

Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR (1987): 293: 1471-1472.

Internet Links for Herzenbergite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Herzenbergite on Google
  • Look for Herzenbergite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Herzenbergite on Webmineral
  • Look for Herzenbergite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Herzenbergite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Herzenbergite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
  • Mineral Classics - Worldwide Collector Quality Minerals and Gems
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • Top quality minerals from Kristalle of California
  • Lapis Mineral Magazin
  • Fine and rare minerals from mintreasure.com
  • Fine minerals from bisbeeborn.com
  • Find Herzenbergite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Search for Herzenbergite on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • High-end worldwide specimens & outstanding customer service
  • Localities for Herzenbergite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Bolivia
     
    • Oruro Department
      • Avaroa Province
        • Huari
    Dana 7:I:259-260.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 649-657 (2003)
      • Dalence Province
        • Huanuni
    [MinRec 32:472]
      • Poopó Province
        • Callipampa
    Ahlfeld, F. and Schneider-Scherbina, A. (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. Boletín No. 5 (especial), Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz.
    • Potosí Department
      • Antonio Quijarro Province
        • Tolopampa
    Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
      • Chayanta Province
        • Ocuri
    Federico Ahlfeld and Jorge Muñoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia. 180pp. (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
      • Potosí City
    Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
    China
     
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Hechi Prefecture
        • Nandan Co.
          • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
    Pašava, J., Kříbek, B., Dobeš, P., Vavřín, I., Žák, K., Fan Delian, Zhang Tao, and Boiron, M.-C. (2003): Mineralium Deposita 38(1), 39-66.
    Mineral Deposits 4(1), 74
    Bingjie Wei, Shuyan Li, Zifang Yin, and Minshan Geng (1986): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 1(4), 47-60
    • Jiangxi Province
      • Ganzhou Prefecture
        • Chongyi Co.
          • Baoshan Mine
    Shihai Cai (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(1), 23-26
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Hradec Králové Region
        • Trutnov (Trautenau)
          • Radvanice
    Sejkora J., Berlepsch P., Makovicky E. and Balić-Zunić T. 2001: Natural SnGeS3 from Radvanice near Trutnov (Czech Republic): its description, crystal structure refinement and solid solution with PbSnS3. Eur. J. Mineral., 13, 791-800.
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Vysočina Region
        • Třebíč
    Škoda, R., Novák, M., Houzar, S.: Granitické NYF pegmatity třebíčského plutonu. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae geologicae, 2006, roč. 91, s. 129 - 176.; Škoda, R. & Čopjaková, R. (2006) Herzenbergite And Sn-bearing Tinzenite From The NYF Pegmatite In Třebíč Pluton, Moldanubicum, Czech Republic. Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.107
    Finland
     
    • Western and Inner Finland Region
      • Luhanka
    Luukkonen, Ari (1994): Main geological features, metallogeny and hydrotermal alteration phenomena of certain gold and gold-tin-tungsten prospects in Southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Bulletin 377. 153p.
      • Orivesi
        • Eräjärvi area
    Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38; Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 314
      • Seinäjoki
    Alviola, Reijo 1989. On the granitic pegmatites of the Seinäjoki and Haapaluoma groups. In: Symposium Precambrian granitoids. Petrogenesis, geochemistry and metallogeny, August 14-17 Helsinki, Finland. Excurcion CI: Lateorogenic and synorogenic Svecofennian granitoids and associated pegmatites of southern Finland, ed. S.I.Lahti GTK opas 26, 41-48
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
      • Sapporo
    Min. Jour. (Japan): 15:222-232.
    • Kyushu Region
      • Oita Prefecture
        • Ono-gun
    Miyahisa & Noda (1984) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 6, 349-360.; Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
    Norway
     
    • Nordland
      • Hemnes
        • Bleikvassli
    Cook, N.J., Spry, P.G., and Vokes, F.M. (1998): Mineralogy and textural relationships among sulphosalts and related minerals in the Bleikvassli Zn-Pb-(Cu) deposit, Nordland, Norway. Mineralium Deposita 34, 35-56
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Verkhoyansk
          • Yana River Basin
            • Yana-Adycha Region
              • Arga-Ynnakh-Khaya granite Massif
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Chukotskii Autonomous Okrug
        • Kolyma area
          • Bol'shoi Anyui River Basin
            • Baimka River
              • Aluchinskii Massif (Aluchin horst)
    American Mineralogist, Volume 83, pages 901–906, 1998
    Slovakia
     
    • Košice Region
      • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    Spain
     
    • Castile and Leon
      • Salamanca
    Revista de minerales, 2000 (Mars), 260-263.
    Sweden
     
    • Ångermanland
      • Örnsköldsvik
        • Sidensjö
    Mineralogical Magazine, September 1993, Vol. 57, 489-494
    • Jämtland
      • Bräcke
    Smeds, S-A. (1993): Herzenbergite (SNS) in proterozoic granite pegmatites in north-central Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine. 57 :489-494
    • Medelpad
      • Sundsvall
    Smeds, S-A. (1993): Herzenbergite (SnS) in Proterozoic Granite Pegmatites in North-Central Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine. 57,489-494
    No reference listed
    • Västerbotten
      • Skellefteå
    Cerny et al. (2004) Am. Min. 89, 505-518
    • Västmanland
      • Hällefors
        • Grythyttan
    Burke, E. A., & Zakrzewski, M. A. (1990). Herzenbergite and associated antimony minerals from Björkskogsnäs, Hällefors, Sweden. GFF, 112(1), 85-86.
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Brig
        • Bitsch
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 419.
        • Naters
    Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz, Wepf Verlag, 1998, ISBN 3-85977-200-7
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Wendron & Falmouth District
          • Mabe
    http://www.mindat.org/mesg-7-92300.html; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    USA
     
    • North Carolina
      • Carteret Co.
        • Beaufort
    www.ah.dcr.state.nc.us/qar/rcorner/Craigscreen.pdf.;The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 659-669 (2003)
    • Pennsylvania
      • Schuylkill Co.
    Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 19 & 23, 46; Finkelman, Robert B., et al (1974), "Observations on Minerals from Burning Anthracite Seams and Culm in Penns
    Mineral and/or Locality  
    Search Google  
    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
    Current server date and time: October 16, 2014 00:59:30
    Mineral and Locality Search
    Mineral:
    and/or Locality:
    Options
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds