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After the chemist Dr Roberto Herzenberg, an ethnic German from Riga, Latvia, who became head of the ore analysis laboratories for Bolivian "tin baron" Moritz (Mauricio) Hochschild in Oruro, Bolivia. Herzenberg died at a relatively young age of an illness in Chile.
Herzenbergite-Teallite Series.

Discovered by Roberto Herzenberg, who named it "kolbeckine". A better description was later published by Ramdohr, who renamed it after Herzenberg.

Classification of Herzenbergite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
D : With Sn, Pb, Hg, etc.

8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
6 : Sulphides etc. of Sb and Pb URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Herzenbergite

Year of Discovery:

Physical Properties of Herzenbergite

Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Herzenbergite

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.32Å, b = 11.19Å, c = 3.97Å
a:b:c = 0.386 : 1 : 0.355
Unit Cell Volume:
V 191.91 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Herzenbergite

Idealised Formula:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Herzenbergite to other Species

Forms a series with Teallite (see here)
3.6.2Ottemannitebeta Sn2S3

Other Names for Herzenbergite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:硫锡矿

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Herzenbergite

Reference List:
Herzenberg, R. (1932) Kolbeckin, Sn2S3, ein neues Zinnmineral. CentralBlatt fuer Mineralogie, A, 345-355.

Ramdohr, P. (1935) Vorkommen und Eigenschaften des Herzenbergits. Zeitschrift fuer Kristallographie, 92, 186-189.

American Mineralogist (1935): 20: 541.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 259-260.

Transactions of the Russian Academy of Sciences/Earth Science Sections: 159: 90-93.

Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR (1987): 293: 1471-1472.

Internet Links for Herzenbergite

Localities for Herzenbergite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Bolivia (TL)
  • Oruro Department
    • Avaroa Province
      • Huari
Dana 7:I:259-260.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 649-657 (2003)
    • Dalence Province
      • Huanuni
[MinRec 32:472]
    • Poopó Province
      • Callipampa
Ahlfeld, F. and Schneider-Scherbina, A. (1964) Los Yacimientos Minerales y de Hidrocarburos de Bolivia. Boletín No. 5 (especial), Ministerio de Minas y Petroleo, La Paz.
  • Potosí Department
    • Antonio Quijarro Province
      • Tolopampa
Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
    • Chayanta Province
      • Ocuri
Federico Ahlfeld and Jorge Muñoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia. 180pp. (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
    • Potosí City
Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Hechi Prefecture
      • Nandan Co.
        • Dachang Sn-polymetallic ore field
Pašava, J., Kříbek, B., Dobeš, P., Vavřín, I., Žák, K., Fan Delian, Zhang Tao, and Boiron, M.-C. (2003): Mineralium Deposita 38(1), 39-66.
Mineral Deposits 4(1), 74
Bingjie Wei, Shuyan Li, Zifang Yin, and Minshan Geng (1986): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 1(4), 47-60
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Ganzhou Prefecture
      • Chongyi Co.
        • Baoshan Mine
Shihai Cai (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(1), 23-26
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Hradec Králové Region
      • Trutnov (Trautenau)
        • Radvanice
Sejkora J., Berlepsch P., Makovicky E. and Balić-Zunić T. 2001: Natural SnGeS3 from Radvanice near Trutnov (Czech Republic): its description, crystal structure refinement and solid solution with PbSnS3. Eur. J. Mineral., 13, 791-800.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Třebíč
Škoda, R., Novák, M., Houzar, S.: Granitické NYF pegmatity třebíčského plutonu. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae geologicae, 2006, roč. 91, s. 129 - 176.; Škoda, R. & Čopjaková, R. (2006) Herzenbergite And Sn-bearing Tinzenite From The NYF Pegmatite In Třebíč Pluton, Moldanubicum, Czech Republic. Acta Miner.-Petrograph.,Abstract Series 5, Szeged, p.107
  • Southern Finland Region
    • Kouvola
Sunblad, Krister et al (2008). Polymetallic metallogeny in the Wiborg batholith, Fennoscandian shield. The 33rd IGC International Geological Congress Oslo 2008.
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Luhanka
Luukkonen, Ari (1994): Main geological features, metallogeny and hydrotermal alteration phenomena of certain gold and gold-tin-tungsten prospects in Southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland. Bulletin 377. 153p.
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Sandström, F. & Lahti, S.I. (2009): Viitaniemipegmatiten i Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland. Litiofilen 26 (1): 11-38; Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 314
    • Seinäjoki
Alviola, Reijo 1989. On the granitic pegmatites of the Seinäjoki and Haapaluoma groups. In: Symposium Precambrian granitoids. Petrogenesis, geochemistry and metallogeny, August 14-17 Helsinki, Finland. Excurcion CI: Lateorogenic and synorogenic Svecofennian granitoids and associated pegmatites of southern Finland, ed. S.I.Lahti GTK opas 26, 41-48
  • Hokkaido
    • Sapporo
      • Minami-ku
Min. Jour. (Japan): 15:222-232.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Oita Prefecture
      • Bungo-Ohno City
Miyahisa & Noda (1984) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 6, 349-360.; Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
  • Nordland
    • Hemnes
      • Bleikvassli
Cook, N.J., Spry, P.G., and Vokes, F.M. (1998): Mineralogy and textural relationships among sulphosalts and related minerals in the Bleikvassli Zn-Pb-(Cu) deposit, Nordland, Norway. Mineralium Deposita 34, 35-56
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Verkhoyansk
        • Yana River Basin
          • Yana-Adycha Region
            • Arga-Ynnakh-Khaya granite Massif
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Chukotskii Autonomous Okrug
      • Kolyma area
        • Bol'shoi Anyui River Basin
          • Baimka River
            • Aluchinskii Massif (Aluchin horst)
American Mineralogist, Volume 83, pages 901–906, 1998
  • Košice Region
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
Revista de minerales, 2000 (Mars), 260-263.
  • Ångermanland
    • Örnsköldsvik
      • Sidensjö
Mineralogical Magazine, September 1993, Vol. 57, 489-494
  • Jämtland
    • Bräcke
Smeds, S-A. (1993): Herzenbergite (SNS) in proterozoic granite pegmatites in north-central Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine. 57 :489-494
  • Medelpad
    • Sundsvall
Smeds, S-A. (1993): Herzenbergite (SnS) in Proterozoic Granite Pegmatites in North-Central Sweden. Mineralogical Magazine. 57,489-494
No reference listed
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
Cerny et al. (2004) Am. Min. 89, 505-518
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
Burke, E. A., & Zakrzewski, M. A. (1990). Herzenbergite and associated antimony minerals from Björkskogsnäs, Hällefors, Sweden. GFF, 112(1), 85-86.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Brig
      • Bitsch
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 419.
      • Naters
Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz, Wepf Verlag, 1998, ISBN 3-85977-200-7
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Wendron & Falmouth District
        • Mabe; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
  • North Carolina
    • Carteret Co.
      • Beaufort;The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 659-669 (2003)
  • Pennsylvania
    • Schuylkill Co.
Reed, Juliet C. (1976), Annotated Biblio. of Minerals New to the Pennsylvania List 1965-1974, The Mineralogical Society of PA, Inc.: 19 & 23, 46; Finkelman, Robert B., et al (1974), "Observations on Minerals from Burning Anthracite Seams and Culm in Penns
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