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Heterogenite

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Formula:
CoO(OH)
System:HexagonalColour:Black, reddish, ...
Lustre:Metallic, DullHardness:3 - 5
Name:From the Greek for "of another kind", as the mineral differs in composition from similar minerals.
This page provides mineralogical data about Heterogenite.

Classification of Heterogenite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/F.07-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.FE.20

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
E : Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
Dana 8th edition ID:6.1.4.2

6 : HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
1 : XO(OH)
Hey's CIM Ref.:7.21.1

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
21 : Oxides of Co
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Type Occurrence of Heterogenite

Type Locality:Wolfgang Maaßen Mine field, Schneeberg District, Erzgebirge, Saxony, Germany

Physical Properties of Heterogenite

Lustre:Metallic, Dull
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Black, reddish, blackish-brown
Streak:Black, brown
Hardness (Mohs):3 - 5
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density (measured):4.13 - 4.47 g/cm3

Crystallography of Heterogenite

Crystal System:Hexagonal
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Heterogenite

Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Strong
Colour in reflected light:Gray-white
Internal Reflections:Deep cobalt-blue to purle
Pleochroism:Strong

Chemical Properties of Heterogenite

Formula:
CoO(OH)
Essential elements:Co, H, O
All elements listed in formula:Co, H, O

Relationship of Heterogenite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.FE.05Amakinite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)(OH)
 
2
4.FE.05Brucite
Mg(OH)
 
2
4.FE.05Portlandite
Ca(OH)
 
2
4.FE.05Pyrochroite
Mn(OH)
 
2
4.FE.05Theophrastite
Ni(OH)
 
2
4.FE.10Bayerite
Al(OH)
 
3
4.FE.10Doyleite
Al(OH)
 
3
4.FE.10Gibbsite
Al(OH)
 
3
4.FE.10Nordstrandite
Al(OH)
 
3
4.FE.15Böhmite
AlO(OH)
4.FE.15Lepidocrocite
γ-Fe
3+
 
O(OH)
4.FE.20Grimaldiite
CrO(OH)
4.FE.25Feitknechtite
Mn
3+
 
O(OH)
4.FE.25Lithiophorite
(Al,Li)MnO
 
2
(OH)
 
2
4.FE.30Quenselite
PbMnO
 
2
(OH)
4.FE.35Ferrihydrite
Fe
3+
5
O
 
3
(OH)
 
9
4.FE.40Feroxyhyte
Fe
3+
 
O(OH)
4.FE.40Vernadite
(Mn
4+
 
,Fe
3+
 
,Ca,Na)(O,OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
4.FE.45Quetzalcoatlite
Zn
 
6
Cu
 
3
(TeO
 
6
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· Ag
 
x
Pb
 
y
Cl
 
x+2y
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
7.21.3Cochromite
(Co,Ni,Fe)(Cr,Al)
 
2
O
 
4
7.21.4Asbolane
(Ni,Co)
 
2-x
Mn
4+
 
(O,OH)
 
4
· nH
 
2
O

Other Names for Heterogenite

Synonyms:
BoodtiteIMA1967-s.p.LubumbashiteLumbumbashiteMindigite
StaineriteStainieriteTransvaalite (of McGhie and Clark)Trieuite
Other Languages:
German:Boodtit
Heterogenit
Lubumbashit
Lumbumbashit
Mindigit
Stainerit
Stainierit
Trieuit
Russian:Гетерогенит
Simplified Chinese:水钴矿
杂水钴矿
Spanish:Boodtita
Heterogenita
Lubumbashita
Lumbumbashita
Mindigita
Stainerita
Stainierita
Trieuita
Varieties:
Heubachite

Polytypes for Heterogenite

Polytypes:
Heterogenite-2HHeterogenite-3R

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Heterogenite

Reference List:

- +
Frenzel (1872), Journal für praktische Chemie, Leipzig: 5: 404.

Schoep and Cuvelier (1929), Société géologique de Belgique, Liége, Bulletin: 39: 74.

Schneiderhöhn and Ramdohr (1931): 2: 558.

de Leenheer (1935), Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch-Indie: 17: 44, 148.

Cooke and Doan (1935).

de Leenheer (1938), Zbl. Min.: 281.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 650-651.

Hey, M. (1962) Cobaltic hydroxide in nature. Mineral. Mag., 33, 253–259.

Deliens, M. & H. Goethals (1973) Polytypism of heterogenite. Mineral. Mag., 39, 152–157.

American Mineralogist (1974): 59: 381.

Deliens, M. (1974): Les oxydes hydratés de cobalt du Shaba méridional. Ann. Mus. R. Afr. Centr., Sc. Géol., 76, 1-80.

Llorca, S. and P. Monchoux (1991) Supergene cobalt minerals from New Caledonia. Can. Mineral., 29, 149–161.

Internet Links for Heterogenite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Heterogenite on Google
  • Look for Heterogenite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Heterogenite on Webmineral
  • Look for Heterogenite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Heterogenite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Heterogenite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Fine and rare minerals from mintreasure.com
  • Heterogenite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Buy rare minerals from Excalibur Minerals
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Heterogenite specimens
  • Buy from McDougall Minerals
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Buy RARE Minerals from Rocks of Africa
  • Search for Heterogenite on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • Find Heterogenite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Buy fine minerals and gemstones from Pala International
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • Localities for Heterogenite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • Queensland
      • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
        • Cloncurry district
          • Kajabbi railroad station
    [Heterogenite-2H] Munro-Smith et al., 2000
        • Selwyn District
    [UKJMM 19:24]
    • South Australia
      • Olary Province
        • Boolcoomatta Reserve (Boolcoomata Station; Boolcoomatta)
    Judy Rowe collection
    Bolivia
     
    • Potosí Department
      • Cornelio Saavedra Province
        • Serranía Huarihuari
    GEOBOL, Boletín #11, June 1968.
      • Tomás Frías Province
        • Chulchucani
    Ahlfeld, F. (1955): Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia
    Canada
     
    • Northwest Territories
      • Mackenzie District
        • Great Bear Lake
    • Ontario
      • Timiskaming District
        • Cobalt-Gowganda region
    [www.ontariominerals.com]
    Chile
     
    • Atacama Region
      • Huasco Province
        • Freirina
          • Sierra Perdices
    Pnud Chile/Corfo; "Evaluaciones de los conocimientos existentes sobre Cobalto, Manganeso, Mercurio"; Stgo de Chile, Chile; 1969
        • Germán Riesco district
    C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.
        • Sierra Totorita
    C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.
    China
     
    • Qinghai Province
      • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
        • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
          • Qimantage Mts
    Chunyan Dong, Xiaoguo Chi, Fengyue Sun, and Yuan Zhang (2005): Multipurpose Utilization of Mineral Resources 1(1), 29-33
    • Yunnan Province
      • Qujing Prefecture
        • Huize Co.
    Bugao Xue (1996): Mineral Resources and Geology 10(6), 388-394
      • Yuxi Prefecture
        • Yimen Co.
          • Yimen Cu ore field (Sanjiachang Cu ore field)
    Bugao Xue (1996): Mineral Resources and Geology 10(6), 388-394
    Bugao Xue (1996): Mineral Resources and Geology 10(6), 388-394
    Bugao Xue (1996): Mineral Resources and Geology 10(6), 388-394
    Bugao Xue (1996): Mineral Resources and Geology 10(6), 388-394
    Bugao Xue (1996): Mineral Resources and Geology 10(6), 388-394
    Bugao Xue (1996): Mineral Resources and Geology 10(6), 388-394
    Bugao Xue (1996): Mineral Resources and Geology 10(6), 388-394
        • Yuanjiang Co.
    Bugao Xue (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(3), 31-37
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Katanga (Shaba)
      • Katanga Copper Crescent
        • Kambove District
    Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
          • Kakanda deposit
    Van King
    Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
    [www.thamesvalleyminerals.com]
        • Katanga
    Gauthier, G., King, V., and Morgan, R., in press, Carrollite from Kamoya South II Mine.
        • Kisamfu
    Xiangqian Li, Yanling Yan, and Xianli Xu (2009): Mineral Resources and Geology 29(3), 253-257; Yanling Yan, Xiangqian Li, Yuping Jiang, Yatao Zhou, and Xian Liu (2011): Geology and Exploration 47(3), 512-517
        • Kolwezi District
          • Kamoto
    J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)
    Van King
          • Kolwezi
    No reference listed
    Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
        • Lubumbashi (Elizabethville)
    Dr Jaroslav Hyrsl specimens
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 790.
        • Shinkolobwe
    www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/STUMAT.pdf.
        • Swambo
    Deliens, M. & Goethals,H. (1973): Polytypism of Heterogenite. Mineralogical Magazine. 39, 152-7; Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
    MinRec 20:287-288
    http://www.tenke.com/s/CopperCobaltDeposit.asp
    France
     
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Pyrénées-Orientales
        • Prats de Mollo-La Preste (Prats de Molló-La Presta)
    Dubru. M, (1986) Pétrologie et géochimie du marbre à brucite et des borates associés au gisement de tungstène de Costabonne, (Pyrénées orientales, France) 930p
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Hautes-Pyrénées
        • Aure Valley
    Queneau Patrice Collection
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Alpirsbach
    [var: Heubachite] Erzgräber 1987(2), 54
    [var: Heubachite] Erzgräber 1987(2), 54
        • Hausach
    [var: Heubachite] Aufschluss 1974(10), 513-524
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Burgfelsen
    No reference listed
            • Heubach Valley
    No reference listed
    [var: Heubachite] K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
            • Zundelgraben
    S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Hesse
      • Richelsdorf District
        • Süss
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Niederberg area
        • Wülfrath
          • Rohdenhaus
    Lapis 1988(1), 16-35
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler
          • Ahrbrück
            • Martinsknipp
    Beyer, H. (1978): Über Haldenfunde aus den Antimonitgängen von Ahrbrück (Eifel)..., Der Aufschluß, 29, 401-408
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
    Lapis 17(12), 24-33
        • Schneeberg District
    XRD analysis (T. Witzke)
    A. Frenzel (1872): Mineralogisches. 5. Heterogenit.- Journal für praktische Chemie [2] 5, 404-407
    • Thuringia
      • Harz
        • Stempeda
    J. Gröbner & J. Wesiger (2008): Die Mineralien des Kupferschieferbergbaus an südlichen Harzrand bei Ilfeld in Thüringen. Mineralien-Welt 19 (2), 18-28.
      • Saalfeld
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Iceland
     
    • Southern Peninsula
      • Trolladyngja
    collection of Jamie Turnbull
    Italy
     
    • Liguria
      • Genova Province
        • Genova
          • Borzoli
    Giovine, M., Gotelli, A., Grattarola, C., Ciriotti, M.E. (2005): Heterogenite al Monte Ramazzo, sulle alture di Genova. Micro (notizie mineralogiche) 4/2005: 65-70.
      • Savona Province
        • Castelvecchio di Rocca Barbena
    Antofilli, Borgo & Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Valsugana
          • Vignola-Falesina
    "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Yamaguchi Prefecture
          • Mine City
    Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated by the Geological Survey of Japan)
    Mexico
     
    • Sonora
      • Mun. de Alamos
        • San Bernardo
    Panczner (1987): 166-364.
    Morocco
     
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Tazenakht
          • Bou Azer District (Bou Azzer District)
            • Aghbar
    Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
            • Aït Ahmane
    Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
    Found by Frank de Wit
            • Bou Azer
    Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
            • Ightem
    Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
            • Méchoui
    Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
    Portugal
     
    • Aveiro District
      • Albergaria-a-Velha
        • Branca
    Antonio Jesus Pimentel specimens; www.mindat.org/mesg-25-107652.html
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Tuva Republic
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    South Africa
     
    • Mpumalanga Province
      • Nkangala District
        • Middelburg
          • Farm Kruisrivier 74 JS
    Min Rec 27:6 pp417-428
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Almería
        • Huércal-Overa
          • Cuesta Alta
            • Cerro Minado Mines
    FAVREAU et al. (2013)
      • Jaén
        • Linares-La Carolina District
          • Linares
    Colectivo Arrayanes, Fernando J. Palero, Gonzalo Garcia, Cesar Menor (2008): El Coto de la Luz. Bocamina, 22: 56-105.
    • Asturias
      • Peñamellera Alta
        • Niserias
    - Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
    • Castile and Leon
      • León
        • Cármenes
    José Rafael González López collection
    • Catalonia
      • Lleida (Lérida)
        • Pallars Sobirà
          • Baix Pallars
            • Peramea
    -Subias I.,Fanlo I., Manuel J.,Garcia B. y Paniagua A. (2006) La Mina Solita (Peramea, Lérida):Algo más que ejemplares de colección. Rev. Macla nº 6 pp.475-478
      • Tarragona
        • Conca de Barberà
          • Vimbodí
    [var: Heubachite] M Arliguie collection
    • Murcia
      • Lorca
    MinRec-2003-0708-315
      • Mazarrón-Águilas
        • Pastrana
    Jordi Fabre
    • Valencian Community
      • Castellón
        • Pavías
    Adrián Pesudo
    Switzerland
     
    • Ticino (Tessin)
      • Riviera
        • Claro
          • Molino Valley
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 213-214.
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Saint-Luc
    Ansermet, S. with contributions of Meisser, N. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais. II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. Musée de la Nature (Sion), Musée Cantonal de Géologie (Lausanne), and Editions Porte-Plumes (Ayer), 374 pp.
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    [Heterogenite-3R] Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    USA
     
    • Idaho
      • Lemhi Co.
        • Blackbird District
          • Blackbird mine complex
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Nevada
      • Churchill Co.
        • Westgate District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Clark Co.
        • Bunkerville District
          • Whitney Pocket Basin
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Mineralogical Record 22:383
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    [Hewett, D (1931) Geology and Ore Depositsof the Goodsprings Quadrangle, Nevada; USGS PP 162]
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Bull 62 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Clark County, Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
          • Goodsprings
    NBMG Bull 62 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Clark County, Nevada
    [Hewett, D (1931) Geology and Ore Depositsof the Goodsprings Quadrangle, Nevada; USGS PP 162]
    Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Bull 62 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Clark County, Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    [Hewett, D (1931) Geology and Ore Depositsof the Goodsprings Quadrangle, Nevada; USGS PP 162]
    NBMG Bull 62 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Clark County, Nevada
    NBMG Bull 62 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Clark County, Nevada
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada S. R. B. Cooke and Donald J. Doan, (1935), The Mineragraphy adn X-ray Analysis of Stainierite from the Swansea Mine, Goodsprings, Nevada. The American Mineralogist 20: 274-280
      • Humboldt Co.
        • Iron Point District
          • Valmy
    Dr. William S. Wise presentation to Northwest Micro Mineral Study Group on 1 May 2004, Update on Mineralogy of the Silver Coin Mine, Iron Point District, Edna Mountains, Humboldt Co., Nevada
    Zambia
     
    • Copperbelt Province
      • Chingola District
        • Chingola
    "Dan Costian" Collection
    "Dan Costian" Collection
    • Eastern Province
      • Katete District
    Arliguie M Collection (Old label)
    • North-Western Province
      • Kabompo District
    Exploration and Mining Geology; July 2000; v. 9; no. 3-4; p. 277-287; DOI: 10.2113/0090277 / Economic Geology, August 1, 2003; 98(5): 893 - 909
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